Vititsella group includes varieties, one of the “parents” of which is clematis violet, in the Jacqueman group, respectively, - Jacquman clematis. The shoots of these shrub vines grow up to 3-4 m in length. The flowers of the varieties of the Vititzella group reach from 8 to 12 cm in diameter, the Jacquman group - 10-15 cm, and in individual varieties - up to 20 cm.
The beauty of these clematis is that they bloom profusely and continuously in the summer (and the varieties of the Jacquman group in September) on the shoots of the current year and belong to third trim group (for trim groups, see the Clematis article: varieties and crop by group). And this means that you do not need to keep old shoots - plants are cut in the fall to a height of 10-15 cm. This fact will permanently save you from hassle with shelter for the winter.
Clematis 'Venosa Violacea'
Of course, skeptics will say that the most beautiful, large-flowered and terry varieties are represented by clematis. second trim group. But their shoots need to be removed from the supports for the winter, carefully bent, making sure that they do not break, cover, spring in time to “unpack” and free from shelters, raise and fix the shoots on the supports, check how successfully they wintered and carry out sanitary pruning.
All these troubles can be avoided by planting varieties from the Vititzella and Jacquman groupsa. Their flowers do not lose much in size and color options. Moreover, the selection does not stand still, and more and more new varieties of the third group of pruning appear with large semi-double and double flowers.
Due to the fact that the shoots of clematis of the third pruning group do not need to be stored for the winter, they are the best partners for roses. These lianas can be run on other shrubs, as well as decorate them with tall tree branches and the eastern and western facades of houses. By planting several identical or different varieties in a row, you can form spectacular “flowering walls” from them.
Clematis 'Super Nova'
Any varieties from the Vititsella and Jacquman groups on beautiful supports will fit perfectly into the traditional mixborders of the cottage garden. A compact bush plain varieties with medium-sized flowers will look good as vertical accents in modern meadow flower gardens.
However, clematis can be used not only for vertical gardening. Letting them down on low horizontal supports, you can create flowering borders. Or remove supports in general and use vines as groundcover plants.
Optimal growing conditions
- Clematis needs the sun. Only the lower part of the plant should be shaded, and the soil is mulched - this will protect the root system from overheating.
- The site must be protected from the wind.
- Soils are preferable loose, fertile, well-drained (the whole area - a layer of gravel in the planting pit on heavy soils will not save). Ideal if it is loam or sandy loam. The acid reaction is from slightly alkaline to slightly acid.
|Group||Late-flowering large-flowered clematis|
|Trim group||3 (strong cropping)|
|Height||3 ... 4 meters|
|Flowers||large, up to 15 cm across, with 4-6 sepals|
|Bloom||July to October|
|Frost resistance zones||4-9|
Clematis “Jackmani” forms shoots up to 4 meters long, usually about 3. Growth rate and shoot formation ability are average.
Leaves up to 6 (9) nodes are triple or unpaired, with 5 leaves. The length of the leaf is 17 ... 27 cm, including the length of the petiole 7 ... 10.5 cm. The width of the leaf is 19 ... 25 cm. The leaflets are simple, whole, finite, sometimes dissected, lobed or separate. The shape of the leaves is ovoid or pointed-ovate. The tip of the leaf is pointed or oblong-pointed. The length of the leaflets is 7 ... 10.5 cm, the width is 4 ... 8 cm, the length of the petioles of the leaflets is 3 ... 6.5 cm, and the side stalks are 2 ... 4.5 cm.
Clematis “Jackmani” blooms on the shoots of the current year from July to the end of September, flowering is plentiful. Peduncles 20 ... 24 cm long are formed on the upper 7 shoot nodes.
The buds are oblong-ovate, grayish-violet, usually directed down or to the side. The flowers are large, with a diameter of 10 ... 15 cm, with 4-6 sepals of a rhomboid shape with a pointed end. The sepals are 5 ... 7.5 cm long and 2.8 ... 3.8 cm wide. The color on the inside is dark purple with purple veins, and eventually becomes purple. On the outside, the color is smoky purple with darker veins. The stamens are 1.2 cm long, including anther 0.5 cm. Filaments are grayish-green, anthers are light, binders are light green.
The fruit is a nutlet 0.6 cm long, 0.7 cm wide with a spout 2.5 cm long. Nuts are collected in multi-roots.
Problems and Solutions
Clematis is susceptible to fungal diseases and attacks of various pests. You can fight all of them by purchasing the appropriate fungicides or insecticides. The sad exception iswilt - a fungal disease causing complete drying of clematis shoots. There is no government on him. Fortunately, varieties of the third pruning group are less susceptible to wilt than, for example, large-flowered cultivars of the second group.
Where could I buy?
Oddly enough, buying clematis seedlings "Jackmanii" is not very simple. Even in those stores where it is declared, they write that it is not available. In garden centers, it is also most often absent - they prefer varieties with the largest flowers. True, almost all collectors have it, and it’s easy for summer residents to find it easy.
From May to September, clematis requires regular and plentiful watering once a week - the soil should remain moist. In this case, water should not fall on the lower leaves of the plant.
The first top dressing with complex mineral fertilizer is carried out with the appearance of the first sprouts. The dose and time of subsequent feeding is calculated according to the instructions. Fans of watering clematis with “lime milk” can do this in late spring, but, in principle, this is not a mandatory procedure. It is desirable that the plants be mulched (humus, bark or mowed grass) with a layer thickness of 3-5 cm.
Clematis in the garden
Potted seedlings can be planted from spring to autumn, but the best time is August - early Septemberwhen soil temperature is ideal for rooting. The depth of the landing pit is calculated so that one, or better, two internodes are 7 cm below ground level. I.e seedlings are planted with deepening. In the summer, regular watering and top dressing of rooted bushes with complex fertilizer is continued.
In early September, it is advisable to add 2-3 cups of wood ash under each plant. Top dressing with complex fertilizer is stopped. The third pruning group is the most radical: the shoots are pruned, leaving 1–2 internodes on each, i.e. up to 15–20 cm in height.
We present you the latest novelties and particularly outstanding cultivars of varieties from the Vititsella and Jacquman groups.
We remind you that our market will help you find the varieties you like on sale - an illustrated catalog that lists products from various online stores. You can view all offers in the Clematis section or enter the name of a particular variety in the search bar. Select clematis seeds or seedlings.
Landing and care
Clematis "Zhakmani" winter-hardy, resistant to fungal diseases and unpretentious. It grows well on any loose cultivated soil, gains mass well, rarely gets sick. It is better to plant at the western, eastern or southern wall. However, from the north clematis also grows and blooms but not so well.
The best time to plant is early autumn, spring is slightly worse. In summer, clematis can be transshipped with a lump of land. In the first year after planting, feeding is not needed, the plant has enough laid in the planting pit (for more details, see the article “Cultivating Clematis in the Open Field”). Further feeding is necessary.
The trimming group at the clematis "Jacquemann" is the third, it is cut at a height of about 20 ... 30 cm and the tillering site is covered with peat. In most regions of Russia, this is enough for a good wintering even without snow.
- Grodno region, Belarus: clematis is many years old, growing near the southern wall of the building. It blooms very well every year, flowering begins in July and continues until the cold weather. The most abundant flowering in August.
- Leningrad Region, Volkhov District: for 5 years, the annual has turned into a luxurious bush with very plentiful flowering. Wintering every year is excellent, with almost no shelter.
- Moscow Region: winters well, blooms profusely, but does not scrub at all.
- Moscow Region: in the first two years, Jacqueman added almost nothing in growth, bloomed weakly, but wintered well.
- Sverdlovsk Region: problem-free clematis for Yekaterinburg, easy to cover and keep until spring, blooms for a very long time, requires good top dressing.
If you also grew Jackmanie clematis, please leave your review in the comments to the article.
Estonian red-purple variety 'Rahvarinne'(W. and A. Kivistiki) is distinguished by a beautiful addition of a flower and a royal velvety texture.
Estonian grade 'Rahvarinne'
Brushes of the same breeders belong to the variety ‘Bella’Rare for the Jacqueman group of white colors.
Clematis flowers ‘Stasik’9–12 cm in diameter, and they are beet-red upon dissolution; over time, they lighten slightly. The flip side is much lighter. The length of the lashes is 1–1.5 m.
M.F. Sharonova named this variety in honor of her grandson.
Left: Clematis 'Stasik'. Right: Clematis 'Bella'
Another representative of the Soviet classics - clematis ‘Elegy’A.N. Volosenko-Valenis and M.A. Beskaravaynoy in 1963, but still remains an example of high-quality breeding work. It blooms from June to frost, blue-purple flowers - from 10 to 15 cm in diameter, shoots - 3.5-4 m.
Clematis van Zoest
Not the largest, but cutest, Dutch flowers ‘Lucky charm’Have an unusual color: white with a purple border. ‘Super nova’- a more compact and abundantly flowering version of the old cultivar‘Venosa violacea’.
A clematis ‘Jackmanii purpurea“Although it has medium-sized flowers, it looks bright due to the contrast of a dark purple color along the edges of the petals with a white center.
Clematis 'Jackmanii Purpurea'
The English breeder Raymond Evison is known for its productivity and spectacular varieties. Many in his piggy bank and clematis of the third group of pruning. So, in 2017, he introduced three new cultivars at once:
- Grade ‘Sacha“With violet-blue sepals and grayish-pink stamens due to its compact size (1.2–1.5 m) it fits perfectly into small gardens.
- Clematis ‘Kitty’Can be called dwarf — its height is from 60 to 90 cm. It has creamy white flowers (8–9 cm) with a pinkish-brown center. Both are suitable for growing in containers, and ‘Kitty’ can be grown even in balcony crates.
- ‘Charmaine’- the long-awaited terry novelty with bright raspberry-red flowers (10-15 cm) and yellow stamens. At the same time on one plant you can see both simple, double and semi-double flowers.
Left: Clematis 'Kitty'. Center: Clematis 'Rasputin'. Right: Clematis 'Giselle'
Evison previously represented another semi-double variety of the third trim group - a light purple-blue compact ‘Reflections’. Of the new products in 2016, it is worth recalling clematis ‘Tekla’With pink flowers of a very saturated tone and the original low‘Volunteer’, The purple sepals decorated with a carmine stripe in the center.
Pretty close to red is the color of purple clematis ‘Alita’. The hands of the same master own hits ‘Chelsea’, ‘Neva’, ‘Giselle’, ‘Guiding promise’, ‘Samaritan jo’.
Grade ‘Venosa violacea’, Obtained at the end of the 19th century in France by Lemoine, still remains one of the most popular cultivars, its flowers are of medium size.
Warm pink with yellow stamens English clematis ‘Barbara harrington’And very dark purple German‘Rasputin’Have already managed to gain popularity and become classics.
English Clematis 'Barbara Harrington'
But the two-color variety thundered at the last Flower show in Chelsea ‘Taiga’Japanese breeding so far raises doubts about winter hardiness. Although he is of the third trim group, he belongs to the Florida group, which means that he needs shelter for the winter in the middle lane.
Description of Clematis Jacquman
Among ornamental trees and shrubs, Clematis Jacqueman is widely known. The Jacqueman group includes various hybrid varieties. It was named after one of the outstanding varieties, on the basis of which all the others were already bred. The very first Clematis of Jacquman was bred in 1858 by English breeders in Jackman's nursery.
Plant height, as a rule, reaches 4 - 5 meters. The dun stalk of the creeper is highly branched, slightly pubescent and ribbed. Unpaired dark green leaves formed from 3 to 5 leaves. The width of the leaves is about 5 cm, the length is about 10 cm. The shape of the leaves is elongated, ovate, peaked, has a wedge-shaped base.
As can be seen from the photo, the flowers of clematis Jacquemann are large and very beautiful. They sit alone, extremely rarely - 2 to 3 pieces. The size of the flowers in diameter, on average, is 7 - 15 cm, but there are varieties with larger flowers. Their color can be very diverse: white, red, pink, purple, blue or blue.
In a temperate climate, the Jacquman group clematis buds swell in April, the leaves bloom with the onset of May. Until the end of June, creeper shoots are actively growing, after which abundant flowering begins, which usually ends only in August. Weak flowering sometimes continues until September.
Clematis Jacqueman trim group
Clematis Jacquman belong to the third group of pruning. This means that flowers appear exclusively on the shoots of the current year: flowering does not occur on old shoots.
Since the buds are formed only on young branches, last year's shoots are pruned. Otherwise, they grow over time and give an untidy appearance to the plant, and also weaken it.
Varieties of Clematis of the Jacqueman Group
There are many different varieties of clematis Jacqueman: crop photos demonstrate that they all differ in size, color and shape of flowers, the appearance of the leaves and the length of the shoots. The article lists the most popular varieties of clematis Jacquman recommended by Russian gardeners.
Clematis Jacqueman Superba is a shrub deciduous vine that can grow up to 3 m in length. The inflorescences are wide open, velvety, consist of four petals of a deep purple color, and have anthers of a slightly greenish tint. In the center of the petals is a purple strip that burns out when the flower ages. Collected in the sinuses of several pieces, the clematis buds of Jacquman Superba look like a semi-umbrella.
Typically, flowering begins in May and ends in September. Cold weather can delay flowering. The variety is characterized by medium winter hardiness.
Clematis Rouge Cardinal is a hybrid variety from the Jacqueman group, developed by French breeders and has received many international awards. The dark purple velvety flowers of the creeper are quite large, their diameter is approximately 15 cm. The inflorescences themselves are cross-shaped. Contrasting stamens of a light, milky shade complement the flower.
The shoots of clematis Rouge cardinal grow up to 2 - 2.5 m. The medium-sized leaves have a triple shape. The sheet plate is painted in a dark green tint. The plant blooms from July to September. The variety is considered moderately frost-resistant.
The Jacqueman group also includes the Clematis cultivar Cosmic Melody, developed by domestic breeders in 1965. The plant was named a space melody in honor of the flights of Russian cosmonauts. This is a shrubby vine, which reaches a height of 3 m. The bush, as a rule, is formed of 15 to 30 shoots. According to the manufacturers, the Cosmic Melody variety has exceptional frost resistance.
On one shoot, 10 to 30 flowers can grow. The diameter of the open flowers is 12 - 14 cm. They consist of 5 - 6 velvety petals of a violet-cherry hue, having a diamond shape. The petals of clematis Cosmic Melody do not lie close to each other: there is some distance between them. This arrangement can be considered a distinctive feature of the variety.
Luther Burbank is one of the varieties of clematis of the Jacqueman group, which possesses perhaps the largest flowers, whose size reaches 20 cm in diameter.Liana is also characterized by rapid growth, shoots extend to 2.5-4 m.The bush forms about 10 shoots.
One shoot of clematis Luther Burbank contains from 9 to 12 flowers. The flowers are colored in purple-violet, have 5 - 6 pointed petals. The edges of the petals are wavy. Stamens are yellow and white. Flowering continues from July to September. Clematis Jacquman Luther Burbank is able to withstand frosts down to -30 degrees.
Clematis Anna German is another variety of the Jacqueman group, bred by domestic breeders in 1972 in honor of the famous Polish singer. Plant height is about 2 - 2.5 m. Liana blooms early, closer to mid-May. In favorable conditions, it can bloom again in August. Clematis Jacquman Anna German is well adapted for the Russian climate, it can withstand even severe frosts down to -40 degrees.
The flowers of the plant are very large, from 16 to 20 cm in diameter, have a star shape. They consist of petals of pale purple or pale purple. The color of the petals is lighter in the center and saturated at the edges, the stamens are yellowish. The variety is considered moderately growing, so it can be grown even on the balcony in containers.
Clematis Jacquman Gippsie Queen is a shrubby vine formed by about 15 shoots, the maximum length of which is 3.5 m. The plant can be grown in a container. A distinctive feature of the variety are considered slightly raised buds. The liana begins to bloom in late July or early August.
The size of the dark purple creeper flowers is about 15 cm. The petals are velvety and quite wide. Anthers after full flower ripening also acquire a purple color.
Clematis cultivar Nelly Moser is a deciduous vine from the Jacqueman group. The height of the plant is about 2 - 2.5 m. The flowers of the creeper are painted in a very delicate, light, mauve shade. Anthers are two-tone: white and rich purple. In the center of the petals is a bright pink stripe. In appearance, the petals resemble a slightly pointed ellipse. The shape of the flowers is star-shaped, with a diameter of 12 - 18 cm.
The liana blooms in May or June; repeated flowering begins in August or September. Clematis variety Nelli Moser belongs to the 4th winter hardiness zone and can withstand frosts down to -35 degrees.
In 1958, the Russian scientist A.N. Volosenko-Valenis brought the Moonlight variety of clematis Jacquman. Liana is vigorous, shoots grow up to 3 m in length. Complex leaves are formed by 3, 5 or 7 leaves. Flowering begins in June or July. The culture is suitable for cultivation in all climatic zones of Russia.
Liana shoots are strewn with shiny lavender flowers with a transition in blue to the center. The size of the flowers is from 8 to 12 cm. The flowers are often formed from 4 petals, much less often from 5 or 6. The shape of the petals is rhombic, with pointed ends, often bent outward. Stamens are light, pale green.
Clematis variety Jacquman Tex was bred in 1981 by Estonian breeder U. Ya. Kivistik. Clematis Tex is not too high, which allows them to grow in containers on the balcony. The liana blooms in June or July, repeated flowering should be expected in early September.
The size of the flowers in diameter is 14 cm. Petals differ in wavy edges and pointed tips. The flowers consist of 6 petals, painted in a bluish color, reminiscent of a worn denim in appearance, since the surface of the petals is uniformly strewn with light patches. Anthers have a grayish-purple hue.
Clematis Ernest Markham is one of the most popular varieties of the Jacqueman group, bred in 1936 and to this day known for its bright raspberry inflorescences. This is a perennial vine with a maximum shoot length of 3.5 m. This variety of clematis is very frost-resistant and can withstand temperatures down to -35 degrees.
Flowering in this creeper is quite long, lasting from June to August. The flowers are large, with a diameter of up to 15 cm, formed by 5-6 velvet, wavy, slightly pointed petals falling on each other. Stamens are cream colored.
Optimal conditions for growing
Clematis of the Jacqueman group are fast-growing vines. For comfortable growth, they usually require a large amount of light. The place should be protected from the wind, since clematis flowers are so delicate that they can not withstand its strong impulses.
On light or medium loamy soil, the flowering of Jacqueman clematis is more plentiful and begins earlier. Liana does not take root well on too acidic and alkaline soils. It is possible to reduce the acidity of the soil by introducing wood ash or dolomite flour into the pits for planting. Fresh sawdust or needles will help acidify the soil.
Clematis of the Jacqueman group are extremely frost-resistant and suitable for growing in harsh Russian climates. Depending on the variety, they withstand frost from -30 to -40 degrees. Despite this, plants need pruning and good shelter for the winter.
Selection and preparation of the landing site
Clematis Jacqueman grow well near arches and arbors, gracefully wrapping around the proposed supports. They can climb trees and shrubs. Some undersized varieties of Jacquman clematis can be grown in a container on the balcony.
A sunny area is suitable for planting in the ground, however, the root zone of clematis should be slightly shaded. It is better to choose a sublime place so that long roots do not die due to the proximity of groundwater.
The plant is often planted along structures so that there is a slight indent from the walls. If you put the bushes too close to the walls, during the rain they will get water from the roofs, which can cause waterlogging of the soil.
First of all, for future bushes of clematis Jacqueman, it is necessary to prepare a soil mixture, which usually includes such components:
As can be seen from the photo and description of the varieties of Clematis Jacqueman, they all differ greatly in appearance and flowering time. When buying seedlings should be chosen taking into account the climatic conditions of the region, while preference is given to zoned varieties. When choosing seedlings, you also need to build on the planned location of their planting. So, tall plants are best placed near gazebos and various supports, and lower ones can be grown even on the balcony.
Shortly before planting, the preparation of seedlings begins:
- Jacquman clematis seedlings in containers are carefully removed, for which the soil must be moistened in advance,
- seedlings with an open root system are soaked for several hours in warm water.
The size of the planting pits depends on the volume of the earthen coma of the plant. The average recommended dimensions are 60x60x60 cm. At the same time, the distance from fences, walls and other buildings should be at least 30 cm.
Algorithm for landing clematis Jacquman:
- drain the bottom of the landing pits with broken brick or small stone,
- fix the support for the plant with a height of at least 2.5 m,
- pour a small amount of soil mixture on the drainage layer, forming a mound,
- place the seedling in the pit, gently spreading the roots,
- fill the seedling with the remaining soil mixture, deepening the root neck and part of the trunk underground,
- compact the soil with your hands and pour.
Watering and feeding
Clematis Jacquman is quite hygrophilous, they need abundant and regular watering. It is best to do this once a week, pouring 30 - 40 liters of water on 1 bush, however, during drought, the number of irrigations is increased to 2 or 3, as necessary. The best time for watering is evening.
In the first year, young clematis seedlings do not feed, since the necessary fertilizers are usually applied during planting. Next year, you can already begin to fertilize plants. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied during active growth, and potash is applied during bud formation. When the flowering process is over, it is recommended to apply phosphorus fertilizing.
Pruning Clematis Jacqueman
Clematis of the Jacqueman group bloom on the shoots of the current year. One of the main agrotechnical procedures for plant care is pruning. For the first time, bushes are pruned with the onset of summer. At this time, pruning of weak shoots is done so that flowering on the main, strong and high shoots becomes more intense.
Then in the last days of June ¼ part of the shoots should be cut off, leaving 3-4 nodes on them. This procedure will make the flowering process longer. It starts the formation on the upper buds of nodes of new shoots of the second order, which begin to bloom in 40-60 days.
In autumn, during the first frosts, all shoots must be cut off, leaving only 3 buds above the ground, or 20-30 cm. If this pruning is not carried out, the Jacquman's clematis weakens and depletes, begins to get sick with fungal diseases in the spring, does not give flowers or dies at all .
Clematis of the third group of pruning for the winter is cut almost to the level of the soil, so they do not need complex shelter. Most often, such plants are spudded, but the usual sprinkling of land for a group of Jacquman's clematis will not be enough: it is necessary to completely eliminate the risk of excessive moisture accumulation in the root area.
For this, each bush is sprinkled with 3-4 buckets of peat or dry earth, forming an elevation of at least 60 cm. In combination with a layer of snow, such hilling will be sufficient and will provide complete protection for adult plants. If there is little snow during the season, you need to periodically independently create snow cover for clematis, adding snow from other areas with a shovel. In the absence of snow at all, it is replaced by spruce branches.
Such shelter may not be enough for young, fragile plants, so they are additionally protected from severe frosts by placing a wooden box on top, sprinkled with leaves and wrapped in burlap.
You can propagate the clematis of the Jacquman group only by vegetative methods: layering, cuttings and dividing the bush. The seeds of this ornamental plant can be formed only by artificial pollination.
For propagation by cuttings, only young cuttings can be used. They are harvested, as a rule, during the period of active vegetation of the plant. Shoots should be elastic and not brittle, however, not yet lignified. The strongest branches are cut and cut from them the desired number of cuttings having 2 or 3 buds. The lower foliage is completely removed from the cuttings, the upper one is half-cleared.
The cuttings themselves are placed in a solution of a growth stimulator for a while before planting. Root cuttings on the beds need slightly at an angle. Young seedlings are usually covered with transparent plastic containers or film to create a greenhouse effect.
By layering, Jacquman's clematis is propagated in the spring. For this, healthy lateral shoots of an adult bush are placed in dug grooves of medium depth and fixed with wire. Top layers are sprinkled with earth, leaving only 20-30 cm of the top free. Further, they need the same care as the whole bush. Layers are separated from the mother plant only next spring.
Only clematis of Jacquman from the age of 6 can be divided. The bushes are divided in early spring, before the plants enter the growing season. To do this, adult clematis carefully dig out, trying not to damage the roots. The dug bush is placed on the litter, the roots are shaken off the ground. Using a knife, the root system is divided into the required number of parts, evenly distributing healthy kidneys and roots between them.
Diseases and Pests
Clematis of Jacqueman can affect fungal diseases such as rust, powdery mildew, septoria, and ascochitosis. To prevent the occurrence of these diseases, it is recommended to spray the plants with a solution of baseazole per 20 g per 10 l of water. This must be done in the fall, before sheltering the bushes, or in the spring, with the beginning of the first thaws.
Extremely dangerous for Clematis Jacqueman is considered a fungal disease of the wilt, which provokes the wilting of the shoots. If signs of wilt are detected, affected shoots should be removed as soon as possible. The soil around the bush needs to be dug up by 3 cm, the aerial part is cut off. Burn all cut off parts. If you discover this disease in time, the lower sleeping kidneys can still give healthy shoots.
Clematis Jacqueman: Variety Description and Characterization
Clematis violet Jacqueman: photo varieties
The clematis of the Jacqueman group are completely different, if you look at the photos, but they have a number of similar characteristics and features, such as:
- The genus of the plant is clematis or clematis.
- The shape of the plant is shrub liana.
- By type, they are considered large-flowered.
- All plants of this group have abundant flowering, curly, fairly unpretentious and endowed with large and healthy roots.
- According to their purpose, they are: decoration and gardening, ground cover, or vertical.
- All of them are perennials.
- They have several methods of reproduction, such as: layering, cuttings, dividing the bush and seeds.
- In low-growing varieties, the length of the stems varies from one to one and a half meters. In tall plants, the length is from three to four meters.
- Flowering occurs on new shoots.
- Depending on the growing area, the flowering period begins in May-June and ends in September.
- Flowers can have a diameter of 7 to 20 centimeters.
- Flowers have such shades as violet-blue, purple.
- Clematis of Jacqueman trimmings for the winter period require abundant trimmings, for clematis Jacquemann - the trimmings group three.
- Pretty unpretentious to climatic conditions and care. Some varieties have varying degrees of resistance to pests and infections.
In terms of flowering, plants of this group have a number of their characteristics:
- The buds of these clematis are formed of an elongated conical shape, looking up or sideways.
- The flowers are non-double, simple, open and sideways, or upward. In rare cases, drooping forms can be seen.
- Flowers consist of 4-7 elliptical petals, with sharp tips and a velvety or smooth outer surface. They may overlap each other or fold outward.
- They have a bright color scheme. Most often these are dark colors of purple, blue, and also often Jacqueman clematis - purple. And also the petals can be with two-tone or gradient colors. Such flowers look especially excellent and spectacular.
The immunity to diseases and the likelihood of attack by pests in these varieties varies, but what they are alike in is a good unpretentiousness to the climatic conditions of growth and the peculiarities of care.
Origin of Clematis Jacqueman
The group was endowed with its name thanks to one rather popular subspecies, which underlies all absolutely derived subspecies of this group. This Jacqueman variety appeared in England in 1858, and over the next decades was actively distributed among flower growers in many countries. The variety is characterized as a shrub type liana, the shoots of which can reach 4 meters in length, and also having a rather abundant flowering period, and on new shoots. The flowers are open, can reach a diameter of 15 centimeters and have a purple-dark hue, which has the ability to fade under the sun. Flowers consist of 4-6 petals arranged crosswise. In the center of the flower there are anthers of a cream or pale yellow color, with a brown furrow. It is considered a fairly unpretentious variety to the conditions of growth and care. These distinctive features served as an occasion to actively use it for selection.
At present, it is rather difficult in our country, one might even say that it is impossible to find this variety. Now, under this name are seedlings of the most modern plants, with a similar shape and shade. It is worth noting immediately that Clematis varieties Barbara Jacquman (Patens group) and Jacquman Alba clematis varieties (Florida group) do not belong to this clematis at all, and are not even considered their relatives.
At the moment, there are more than 90 varieties belonging to this group, obtained by crossing clematis of this variety and other varieties of different groups of this plant. And this group includes not only foreign varieties, but also bred by Russian scientists.
Clematis Jacquman: Care and Landing
Clematis Jacquman begin to plant on a permanent place of cultivation in the spring and autumn. Depends on the climatic and weather conditions of the region of future growth. So, for example, when growing in the south of our country, the time for planting falls on the month of March, or the last days of September-the first half of October. But in regions with the most severe climates, the best option for landing is mid-April-first half of May, or the end of August-first half of September.
When planting several bushes at once, you should know that you need to leave a distance between them of about one and a half meters. The roots of this plant do not grow in breadth, but in depth, but despite this, a number of gardeners still dig so-called barriers next to the planting holes, such as roofing sheets. This is done so that the bushes can not suppress each other's growth. Although these varieties of clematis are notable for their unpretentiousness, they are nevertheless quite well related to the application of mineral and organic fertilizing. It is very important that these plants prefer to be grown in soil with a neutral reaction level. If the landing site turned out to be acidic, it is necessary to add dolomite flour or ordinary ash to the planting hole, which contribute to alkalization. And when planting in alkaline soil, you need to add acidifying additives, such as needles, or sawdust.
Also, during the planting of the sapling, trellises are installed at the same time, along which this shrub liana will climb in the future, since these clematis grow at a fairly rapid pace to a significant height, and a large number of these varieties require support in the first year of life.
Before you start planting these plants, you need to choose the right site for growing. To do this, follow some tips:
- These shrubs are contraindicated in the place of growth, where fluid stagnation near the measles system can occur. Therefore, if surface water is located on your site, then first you should make small elevations for the landing holes, and make special drainage pits near them.
- For good growth and development, the clematis of the Jacqueman group should be planted in a place where they will receive sunlight from six hours a day. But here it is necessary to take into account the fact that some varieties of this group are able to fade in the sun. And therefore, a number of experienced gardeners prefer to plant these plants in small penumbra so that the decorative qualities of shrubs are not lost.
- In clematis of the Jacqueman group, the root system is located quite close to the soil surface, therefore, they tend to overheat the roots in order to avoid this, the earth above these delicate roots is often mulched. As a mulch, loose tops or peat are used. You can also apply this method: to plant lawn grass under these shrubs or low annuals.
- Choose places for growing without drafts. To do this, you can plant clematis behind trees and other bushes, or near structures that can shelter the plant from strong gusty winds, otherwise the presence of wind can cause young shoots to break, and the flowers will deteriorate quite badly.
- Too close placement of these plants to solid supporting places can also adversely affect the state of clematis. After all, it may happen that the liquid draining from the roof can accumulate at the roots, or wash them, and a thick green mass of plants will contribute to a strong shading of the wall, which, in turn, will create ideal conditions for the multiplication of various mold, fungi and harmful small insects . Therefore, it is required to plant these shrubs at a distance from such continuous supports not less than half a meter, and also to make wire trellises with an inclination from the roof of the structure to the base of the plant. Moreover, a regularly ventilated gap forms between the wall and the shrub, which also helps to constantly trim the shoots of Clematis jacquman.
Care for clematis Jacqueman does not require much effort and investment. Everything is pretty standard: in the spring, carry out the sanitary procedure for trimming Jacquman's clematis, apply top dressing in a timely manner, do irrigation procedures, loosen the soil under the bush (but very carefully so as not to accidentally cause damage to the roots of the plant), as well as carry out treatment with special means that can protect clematis from various diseases and harmful insects. Clematis Jacquman gives color to new shoots, as well as clematis Jacquman - the third group of pruning in the autumn, that is, during the preparation of the plant for the winter season, absolutely all shoots are trimmed quite strongly, to the second or third bud from ground level. In the south of our country, these plants can remarkably tolerate the winter period under a layer of mulch made. In regions with a more severe and difficult climate, shrubs are required in additional shelter, for example, with non-woven material, roofing material, which are then sprinkled with sawdust, peat or humus. Shrubs belonging to this group are characterized by sufficiently hardy to frost, even for successful cultivation in the Russian climate.
Clematis Jacquman in Landscaping
Clematis Jacquemann: grade photo
Varieties of clematis of the Jacqueman group are quite actively used, thanks to their decorative characteristics. After all, these shrubs have a fairly long and plentiful flowering period, from them you can build beautiful hedges and walls. Often they are planted next to verandas, arbors, a porch, and decrepit fences. And yet, thanks to these plants, you can hide the unsightly wall of any structure. Some gardeners for these clematis make special supports of an unusual shape, complex design, or plant several varieties at once along the same length and a large trellis. The stems of these plants can not only grow upward in their supports, but also be in a horizontal or inclined position. Due to this, they are also used as ground cover plants, which can be used to decorate alpine hills and low fences. Some gardeners often make excellent compositions by planting varieties of different colors to plant near these clematis. In this case, the probability of a change in color both horizontally and vertically is taken into account in advance. The fact is that the various subspecies of these shrubs may differ not only in their shape and shade, but also in the arrangement of flowers on the shoots. In order to get a stunning and spectacular appearance, you can plant low-growing subspecies near the varieties of clematis, in which the color forms on the upper half of the stems. It is also worth noting that these shrub lianas are perfectly combined with bushes of park and climbing roses. In addition, both of these plants are similar in their care and pruning requirements, which greatly simplifies their co-cultivation. Also not rare cases when these clematis are used in the decoration of loggias, balconies. Moreover, low-growing varieties and high subspecies are suitable here, but varieties with not very powerful and large roots that will not freeze in severe cold and will not dry on hot days when grown in separate containers are the best option. Nowadays, these shrubs are gaining great popularity in the application of decoration of interior interiors, office and residential premises.
I widely use the flowers of these subspecies in the cut. Of these, beautiful bouquets are made up, and I also decorate the room in this way: large flowers are separated from the stems and immersed in flat containers with liquid, which in turn looks quite unusual in the cold season. For this method of decoration, gardeners receive material due to the forcing in winter of low-growing varieties of these shrubs in covered ground.
Clematis Jacquman: reviews of gardeners
Clematis Jacquemann: grade photo
It is no accident that the Clematis of the Jacqueman group occupy the leading places among decorative lianas. They are able to transform absolutely any personal plot, hide unsightly or defective walls and various buildings, decorate your home and office. Varieties of this group are quite unpretentious for planting and care, which can not but rejoice, and also quite hardy and varied. And these facts undoubtedly cause special popularity and love among gardeners.
A lot of reviews now exist on the Internet about the clematis of the Jacquman group, here are some of them:
- For a very long time I was going to grow these shrubs, but I was worried that I could not properly care for them. Until I was recommended a variety from this group, they said that they were quite stable and not capricious. As a result, after the first planting of a bush of the Nezhdannyi variety, one year later also Komtess de Busho planted, both astutus near the house, and the pillars on the veranda serve as a support. I am very pleased, rooted wonderfully and quickly, and leaving the difficulties does not cause. So I think that we need to buy a couple more bushes, because there should be a lot of such beauty, during the flowering period!
- I have been growing bushes from this group for about 10 years. Two tall bushes of Ernest Markham variety grow near the solid wall of the house, and low Texa and Stasik are located in the garden, near individual supports. I have never experienced any problems with these plants. For the winter, I mulch peat and cut off all the shoots. With the advent of spring, the bushes grow at a fairly rapid pace and the underground buds never freeze. Flowering in the bushes is very beautiful and long, almost to the coldest. And also a big plus to them, which are not demanding for special care.
- I don’t remember exactly how much time, but for a long time we have grown varieties Moonlight and Polish Warsaw. I only know that from my grandmother landed. And last year I decided to land Rüütel and Texa again in order to decorate and separate the recreation area from the garden area. To do this, I installed a metal grid on the low stone walls, along which I directed the clematis stems in a horizontal position. The result exceeded expectations! Plus, the shrubs are unpretentious and hardy, which, of course, is very pleasing. Next year, I will probably decorate the garden with other varieties of clematis of the Jacqueman group.
- I am engaged in the cultivation of such varieties of clematis as Rouge Cardinal and Luther Burbank. I like the fact that they do not require special care and have an amazing appearance. When doing heavy pruning, they survive the winter season pretty well. But before disembarkation, it was true, it was necessary to alkalize the soil with dolomite flour, and in general there are no problems with the clematis of the Jacqueman group.
Svetlana, 49 years old
- Clematis Jacqueman is considered to me the most beautiful and beloved. I grow them in a wide variety, including varieties of this group. Three years ago, I hardly found the desired sort of Silver Stream with me and planted it next to a climbing rose of a bright scarlet hue. What turned out to delight everyone around, an extraordinary beauty.
- For a long time I doubted the purchase of Jacquman's clematis, but then I tried to plant a Negro cultivar, after which I also acquired Moonlight. As it turned out, I doubted it for so long, because I did not observe any difficulties with cultivation and care. Do not get sick, the flowering is beautiful, and they grow remarkably. For the winter period, however, I cover with covering material, and sprinkle with foliage on top, just in case. Probably Clematis Jacqueman - the best decorations for the site, I am satisfied!