Specialized Group TIGER, whose activities are coordinated by WWF Pavel FOMENKO, during the work it was able to significantly complicate the life of poachers who destroy the Amur tiger - an animal listed in the Red Book. For 6 years of tiger conservation, state inspectors removed the following:
But as soon as the direct threat to the existence of the species began to weaken, a new problem arose: the reduction of territories suitable for tiger habitat, which is directly related to the problems of economic and social development of the south of the Far East. Only the prospect of a more rational, sustainable development of the region, which is based on its own high-tech processing industry and the sustainable exploitation of natural resources, can save the tiger from extinction. That is why the Russian representative office of WWF is working on a program for the long-term conservation of biological diversity of the Russian Far East, in which promising areas of sustainable economic development of the region will be formulated and initiated as part of pilot projects. The key to success is the wide participation and constructive cooperation of all interested parties - government bodies, regional administrations, non-governmental and scientific organizations, the public and the press. Only by joint efforts can we save the unique natural heritage of Russia.
Pavel Fomenko - coordinator of WWF (World Wildlife Fund) for the conservation of biodiversity in the South of the Far East - in 2000, TIME magazine was awarded the title of HERO OF THE PLANET. He became the first Russian - HERO OF THE PLANET.
You are not afraid of loneliness, on the contrary - it happens, sometimes you even enjoy it. You are also loyal to your friends and family. For their safety, you will do everything possible and impossible.
You are so calm that some take it for isolation or even laziness. But if you have already outlined the goal, you will persistently go to it, overcoming any obstacles.
You have learned to cope with your fears, manage emotions and react objectively to the situation. Your fearlessness makes you almost invulnerable to various life circumstances.
11. As well as on domestic cats, the marking is on the skin of the tiger, so even a shaved tiger will be striped.
12. Unlike most other cats, tigers are very good swimmers. They enjoy swimming and often play in the water, especially when they are young. As adults, they often swim several kilometers to hunt, sometimes they just cross rivers.
13. Tigers are the largest of all cats, they also have a wide variety of sizes. The largest subspecies, the Siberian tiger, grows to 3.5 meters in length, while weighing more than 300 kg. The smallest subspecies, the Sumatra tiger, grows up to 2 meters and weighs about 100 kg.
14. Tigresses are capable of conception for only 4-5 days throughout the year. During this time, they often mate. Their pregnancy lasts a little more than three months, and they give birth, as a rule, to 2-3 cubs.
15. During the first week of life, tigers are completely blind. About half of them do not live to adulthood.
16. The tiger's penis does not stand upright when it is aroused; it is covered with bone and special teeth that help to remain connected with the partner during copulation.
17. Tigers prefer to hunt for large prey from an ambush. If you look the tiger in the eye, it is unlikely to attack, as an element of surprise will be lost. In India, many people traditionally wear masks on the back of their heads when walking through the woods to prevent an attack from behind.
18. Tigers usually do not consider humans as victims, but will attack if they are at risk. In most cases, a tiger purposefully attacks a person only when there is no other prey, or when habitats are lost.
19. A small number of tigers developed a taste for human flesh and became cannibals. One tigress once protecting her cubs from humans began to feed exclusively on humans. She is considered responsible for the deaths of 430 people.
20. Due to their instinctive features of ambush hunting, even cannibalistic tigers do not attack entire human settlements, they come from the outskirts and attack lonely people. They usually hunt at night, when people are less likely to see him creeping.
21. Tigers do not know how to purr to express delight and joy; they squint or close them. This is due to the fact that loss of vision makes them defenseless, which is why tigers, like many other cats, deliberately do this when they feel comfortable and safe.
22. Tigers can run at a maximum speed of 60 km / h.
23. Tigers can jump 6 meters long and 5 meters high. Their muscular legs are so strong that they can stand on them even when they die.
24. The hunt for only one out of ten tigers ends in success, so many tigers go without food for several days until a triumphal hunt occurs, as a result of which they can immediately recover by 30 kg.
25. Although tigers may well do without food for several days, they begin to feel hunger much faster because of their enormous size. The tiger will starve to death after a 2-3 week lack of food, while a person can live up to 40 days without food.
26. Tigers, as you know, are able to imitate other animals, they do this in order to attract prey.
27. Bears are part of the diet of many tigers due to intersection of habitat. Sometimes tigers mimic the sounds made by bears to lure unsuspecting clubfoot into their nets.
28. Tiger prey typically dies from strangulation or loss of blood. They ambush animals by jumping on them and gnawing their neck. If the main artery is torn, then the animal dies in a matter of seconds. Otherwise, the tiger does not let the prey caught, and then it quickly dies from strangulation.
29. Although tigers often kill with their 10-centimeter fangs, sometimes they use their paws. The blow with the tiger’s front paw is so strong that it can easily break the bear’s skull or break its spine.
30. A tiger can bite a bone with its powerful jaws and teeth. They are ways to break the cervical vertebrae of animals by simply biting them.
31. Tigers adapt very well to their hunting methods. Although they prefer to kill by attacking prey on the neck, they do not do this when they realize that it is inappropriate. For example, a swimming tiger can be bitten by a crocodile, which will immediately go blind from a cat’s blow. The neck of the crocodile is covered with a very thick layer of skin, so the tiger will gut the soft belly of a reptile.
32. Tiger saliva is an antiseptic. It licks the wounds and, thus, disinfects them.
33. Like other cats, the upper part of the tongue of the tiger is covered with fleshy bristles, so when they lick, they comb their hair at the same time.
34. Unlike many other animals, tigers do not drink water, lacquering it. Instead, they lower the edge of the tongue into the water, draw water to them, and then simply cover their mouth.
35. To date, there are six subspecies of the tiger: the Amur tiger, the South Chinese tiger, the Indochinese tiger, the Malay tiger, the Sumatra tiger and the Bengal tiger.
36. Over the past 80 years, three subspecies of tigers have become extinct. The Balinese tiger was purposefully exterminated in Bali due to the fact that it was the bearer of the "cultural status of evil." The Javanese tiger was also exterminated after its abundance declined due to loss of habitat. The Caspian tiger became extinct due to the fact that it was hunted too much.
37. In China, poaching tigers or using them in alternative medicine is illegal for many years and is punishable by death. In traditional medicine, there are much stronger and more readily available medicines than any parts of the tiger that have historically been used to give solidity and exoticism than to obtain any healing properties.
38. A common misconception suggests that various parts of the tiger’s body are used in traditional medicine mainly as expensive aphrodisiacs. It is believed that they mainly contribute to the treatment of arthritis and improve digestive problems.
39. Unfortunately, in some parts of Southeast Asia, especially in Laos and Cambodia, tigers are still being exterminated to use parts of their bodies in the manufacture of medicines.
40. Along with various subspecies, tigers can have different fur colors. Colors range from white and gold to black and even blue. All this is caused by the usual color gene. There is unconfirmed information about the existence of blue tigers, which are also called Maltese.
41. Tigers live for about 25 years, both in captivity and in the wild.
42. It has been established that, in general, cats have better memory than any other animal, including humans, their memory is several hundred times better than dogs, and ten times better than primates. Short-term memory of the tiger lasts about 30 times longer than human memory, their memories are formed under the strongest influence on the synapses of the brain, which suggests that they do not forget things as easily as we do.
43. The tiger brain weighs more than 300 grams. This is the largest brain among all carnivores, except for the polar bear, which can be compared to the brain of a chimpanzee.
44. About 3,500 tigers remain in the wild. Also, a large number of these cats live in captivity.
45. Tigers are solitary animals, and are united in groups only to attack large prey, or it can be a mother with cubs.
46. Groups of tigers are called pride.
47. In tigers, as well as in humans, color vision is well developed.
48. Tigers can mate with lions and other captive cats for hybrids. Thanks to genetics, male lions usually try to make as many children as possible, unlike females, which have the opposite. Tigers do not have such "control", therefore, a male lion and a female tiger can regularly produce offspring (ligers), while a female lion and a female tiger will produce much less cubs.
49. Ligers can reach a length of more than 4 meters, and are the largest cat in the world.
50. Tigers can produce sterile offspring with other cats, not just lions. Leopards and tigers interact in the wild, and sometimes naturally can produce offspring that are born with fewer stripes, because they are diluted with leopard spots.