About animals

Willow Tit (Poecile montanus)

Pin
Send
Share
Send


Latin name:Parus montanus
English name:Willow tit
Squad:Passeriformes
Family:Tit (Paridae)
Body length, cm:11,5
Wingspan, cm:17–20,5
Body weight, g:9–13
Features:drawing of a head, voice, nest location
Strength, million couples:4,3–6,1
Guard Status:Berna 2
Habitats:Forest view
Additionally:Russian description of the species

Pukhlyak is very similar to a black-headed gadget, differs from it in voice and some coloring features: the “cap” on the back of the head goes further on the neck and is matte, and not shiny, the black spot under the beak is wider and resembles a “bib”, there is a light area on the wing formed bright edges of secondary feathers. There is no sexual dimorphism.

Spread. The species is sedentary and migratory, with 10–11 subspecies in Eurasia. The main European range does not extend south of 45 ° north latitude. Northern populations partially migrate for the winter to the south of the range. In Italy, puffer nests only in the Alps, the population numbers 30-50 thousand pairs, inhabiting mainly altitudes from 1,000 to 2,100 meters above sea level. The presence of this species in the Central Apennines requires confirmation.

Habitat. In Europe, there are two populations that differ in origin and ecology: “marsh” and “mountain”. Puffy is often found in coniferous and deciduous forests, both on the plains and high in the mountains. In the Alps, it is associated with clean larch forests, mainly limiting its altitudinal distribution. In such places, there are enough dead and rotting trees suitable for nesting.

Biology. Since mid-April, it usually lays 6–9 eggs, which the female incubates for 13–15 days. Chicks leave the nest after 16–20 days of life. One clutch per year. A chubby song is a repeating sequence of gentle and sad sounds resembling the voice of an ordinary nuthatch or stanza from a song of the southern nightingale, the more characteristic is the sonorous, slightly nasal call (usually conveyed in syllables: "qiqi-jee-jee"), which the bird uses very often. It feeds on seeds and insects; in summer it is more insectivorous.

Related species. Gray-headed Gadget (Parus cinctus) nests in northern Eurasia and Alaska. Somewhat larger, the “cap” on the head is brown, in the plumage color there is no pure black color, and the sides of the body are reddish.

Brown-headed gait, or puff (Parus montanus)

Pin
Send
Share
Send