Abscess in a turtle An abscess (from Latin abscessus - an abscess, an abscess) is a purulent inflammation of the tissues, which is localized in the subcutaneous tissue, organs, between them. At the location of the inflammation are divided into superficial and abscesses of the internal organs (less common).
In reptiles, pus has a solid, curdled consistency, and the abscess itself is enclosed in a dense capsule devoid of blood vessels. And if in mammals the formed abscess can be cured with antibiotics, then in reptiles, because of the above features, it is almost impossible to do this: the antibiotic simply does not penetrate the abscess capsule.
When the abscess ripens, a dense tumor, or rather, pus from it, softens and a spontaneous opening of the abscess is possible. An abscess in a reptile is a serious threat to the life of a pet. Mature purulent abscesses in reptiles due to dense scaly skin and a small layer of subcutaneous tissue can break out not outward, but inward, which leads to sad consequences.
The causes of abscesses in terrarium animals include, first of all, local skin injuries and bites of other animals (neighbors in the terrarium, animals and insects for food), as well as non-compliance with the temperature regime of reptile content, unbalanced nutrition and vitamin A deficiency.
At the initial stage of the disease, a seal can be found on the surface of the skin, which causes the animal anxiety. You should pay attention to the surrounding tissue - in the process of growth of the abscess, compression occurs, which can even cause the necrosis of nearby tissues.
Currently, the surgical method is widely used to treat abscesses in reptiles. The essence of the operation is to remove the purulent focus with the capsule. To do this, after preliminary anesthesia, the abscess is incised and pus outflow occurs. Then the cavity is washed with an antiseptic, often with hydrogen peroxide, which contributes to the rapid removal of dead tissue and reduce bleeding. For these purposes, veterinary tablets with a foaming effect are also used - an exuter, which foam after contact with the liquid. After the operation, the place of the abscess is treated with antiseptic agents every day until the discharge of pus residues ceases. Dressings are performed daily using antiseptics and drugs that help cleanse the wound. Along with local treatment, antibiotic therapy is carried out.
The cause of the boil on the body
Before proceeding with the treatment of boils on the body, you need to understand the reason for its appearance.
Strictly etiologically, there is one reason - Staphylococcus aureus. All physicians of the world agree with this, because with numerous bacteriological cultures of purulent discharge from the boil, it was he who was found.
Staphylococcus aureus is well known to every person, it settles on the skin and mucous membranes literally from birth. So why aren't we boiling over all the time? Everything is explained by the fact that Staphylococcus aureus belongs to opportunistic microorganisms. It is harmless until conditions for active reproduction and manifestation of pathogenic properties are created for it:
- skin microtrauma (combs, abrasions, abrasions, wounds),
- heat and high humidity (excessive sweating).
If this happens against the background of a decrease in the protective properties of the body, then the risk of boils on the body increases, look for a remedy for them.
Risk factors for the onset of the disease:
- non-observance of personal hygiene rules,
- the use of personal items belonging to a sick person (towels, washcloths, razors),
- not wearing clothes or shoes, tight synthetic underwear,
- improper nutrition, fast food enthusiasm, a large number of simple carbohydrates with a lack of vitamins,
- living in crowded places with little ventilation (soldiers' barracks, social shelters for the homeless),
- chronic stress
- metabolic metabolic disorders
- endocrine diseases
- hormonal disorders
- immunodeficiency states, etc.
Symptoms of a boil on the body
The very first symptom is the appearance of a reddening area on the skin. In this area, discomfort, burning, slight itching occurs. As the inflammatory process progresses, soreness, swelling increases and the size of the nodule on the skin in a cone-shaped form increases. The size of the boil is from 0.5 to 3 cm. Around it, the skin is painful and tightened.
The pain increases within 3-4 days. Inside the nodule, leukocytes arise to fight staphylococcus, which leads to the appearance of a purulent-necrotic rod inside the nodule. The papule on the skin turns into a pustule filled with pus. The “head” of the rod is clearly visible in the center of the formation in the form of a yellowish or dark dot. Soon, the abscess erupts, pus with a sacrum goes outside on its own. The wound heals without scar formation.
The boil is localized in various parts of the body. Boils on the face, in the area of the nasolabial triangle and above are considered the most dangerous. Lymph from the head and face flows into the cranial cavity, which is why squeezing the boil of the face can be deadly.
Look at the photo - the boils on the body look like this due to infection with staphylococcus before treatment.
When the body's defenses are significantly reduced, the infection becomes widespread, boils become multiple and the disease becomes furunculosis. Repeated eruptions of boils periodically indicate a chronic course.
The unfavorable course of boils on the body is manifested by complications:
- abscess - when subcutaneous tissue is inflamed near the sebaceous gland,
- carbuncle - fusion into one inflammatory conglomerate of several boils,
- sepsis - blood poisoning, which if untreated leads to multiple organ failure and death of the patient.
With a complication, the symptoms become general, indicating signs of intoxication:
- headache and dizziness,
- temperature rise,
- nausea and vomiting,
- gastrointestinal tract disorders
- general malaise.
Often boils on the body appear in the intimate zone, causing severe pain due to profuse innervation and delicate structure of the genital skin.
Stages of maturation of the boil on the chest
- Stage 1 infiltrative - the formation of papules on the background of redness and compaction of the skin area.
- Stage 2 necrotic - the papule passes into a pustule filled with pus, a purulent necrotic core is formed.
- Stage 3 - the breakthrough of an abscess, the discharge of pus.
- Stage 4 - healing.
In debilitated patients, the process can slow down at the stage of necrosis, spontaneous opening does not occur. This is not a reason for squeezing an abscess, the treatment of such a boil on the body should be entrusted to a surgeon.
Treatment of a boil on the body
A separate isolated boil in less dangerous areas (back, limbs) can pass without medical intervention. It is enough to cover the area with a gauze napkin, and when opening the abscess, wipe the area with a disinfectant solution on a sterile napkin and apply an aseptic dressing, which should be changed daily before the wound heals.
How to treat boils on the body with more dangerous localizations or with the development of complications is decided by the surgeon doctor.
The doctor chooses the treatment tactics individually for each patient. This can be:
- prescribing antibiotics
- local treatment
- opening the abscess and draining the purulent cavity,
- strengthening immunity
- treatment of concomitant pathology.
A prerequisite for successful therapy is the exclusion of a number of products from the daily diet. Do not use:
- smoked meats
- spicy, salty and spicy,
- fried and greasy
- sweets and fresh sweet pastries,
- strong tea and coffee.
On the advice of a doctor, treatment methods with folk remedies can be used.
Treatment of a boil on the chest with folk remedies
In the treatment of boils on the body with folk remedies, a lot of experience has been gained due to the popularity of the disease long before our era.
- Onions - an onion cut in half is baked in the oven. Slice is applied to the abscess.
- Aloe - apply the pulp cut along the leaf.
- Potato - gruel from grated potatoes.
- Honey rye cake.
- Calendula flowers are infused in oil, used for a compress.
- Burdock leaf - 5 tablespoons per glass of milk, boil, use as lotions.
- Hypericum oil in the form of a compress.
- Plantain - 1 tablespoon of cut leaves is poured with oil, used to lubricate the boil.
The best folk remedy for boils on the body, many recognize a compress based on propolis:
- 50 grams of propolis,
- 100 grams of beeswax,
- 50 grams of castor oil.
The mixture is simmered, cooled and applied to the boil 2 times a day for 20 minutes.
Inside, it is recommended to take decoctions of herbs and burdock seeds, Kombucha, brewer's dry yeast, beetroot juice.
Prevention of a boil on the chest
Primary and secondary prevention is:
- in maintaining the functioning of the immune system (hardening, proper nutrition, physical activity, good rest, resistance to stress),
- observing the rules of personal hygiene,
- maintaining cleanliness in the house and the surrounding area,
- rehabilitation of foci of chronic infection (carious teeth, nasopharynx),
- wearing comfortable clothes and shoes, preference for cotton underwear,
- staphylococcal toxoid vaccination.
With a boil, there should not be any attempts to squeeze the abscess, especially on the face. This is a real risk of a generalized infection, a transition to a chronic stage, or death.