- Breed Name: Korat
- Country of origin: Thailand
- Breeding time: until 1700
- Weight: 2 - 4.5 to
- Life span: 12 - 15 years old
Korat - The breed of domestic cats is small in size, with gray-blue hair, playful and attached to people. Very jealous, excellent parents, one of the few pure breeds, that is, is not artificially bred by humans. They are similar in size and color to the Russian blue cat, however, the fur of cats is more likely to be single than double, and the color of the eyes is olive-green. Cats of this breed are both characterized by a demanding and persistent character and large expressive eyes that give the face an innocent expression. Corat cats are considered a symbol of good luck and symbolize wealth.
Korat is a very ancient breed from Thailand, named after one of the provinces of this country. Thais consider the korat to be sacred, do not sell or buy it, but only give it.
A lot of stories, beliefs, customs are connected with it.
Cat of happiness - this is the name of the korat in their homeland. Often, a female and a male korat are presented as gifts to newlyweds: Thais believe that they will bring happiness to the newlyweds' house.
The ritual by which rain is called is not complete without the participation of this cat. During it, monks with hands in their hands go around the homes of all residents of the community. It is believed that the family whose cat irrigates the land will not suffer losses due to drought. To do this, you need to meet the cat as friendly as possible.
The image of the korat in Thailand can be found at every step - so great is the importance of this breed in the eyes of the country's inhabitants and their faith is strong that the korat really brings happiness. By the way, among the exhibits in the National Museum there is a manuscript of the 19th century, which lists the breeds of cats that bring happiness and unhappiness. Korat is on the list of cats that bring happiness and luck.
The first mention of the korat is attributed by some sources to the XIV century, others to the XVIII century, but in any case it is clear that the breed is ancient. And due to its striking resemblance to the distant wild ancestors from the jungle, not lost for many years, the korat is one of the purest breeds.
Cats of modern breed came to the American continent in 1959, and already in 1966 it was registered by ASA and CFA. In Europe, and more precisely in Britain, cores appeared in 1972, were recognized by the International Federation in 1982. It is clear that the vast majority of cats of this breed are in the United States, and they are impeccable, since in this state there are very high and uncompromising requirements regarding getting pedigrees for korats. Breeding is also practiced in countries such as Canada, Britain, New Zealand, Australia, South Africa. But the total number of individuals is not too large, it is one of the rarest breeds in the world.
History of breed origin
Representatives of this breed, whose name sounds like “Khorat”, were not known in Europe until the 60s of the last century, although their history is hundreds of centuries old. The birthplace of korats is Siam, now Thailand, where the more famous Siamese cats come from. Direct evidence that these cats are the oldest felines is the manuscript Poem on Cats, which was written between 1350 and 1767.
This historical evidence describes the most striking representatives of the cat world - a total of 17 breeds, including Siam, Burmese and Corat. Unfortunately, historians were not able to accurately find the date of appearance of this work. But it is known for certain that it was decorated with leaves of gold, painted, painted on hip branches. And when the pages were dilapidated, they were manually rewritten, each author made changes. It is these moments that greatly complicate accurate dating.
The name of the breed is associated with the region in which they first appeared - Nakhon Ratchasima, which is often referred to by the abbreviation Khorat. It is located in the highlands of northeast Thailand, although cats are common in other regions of Siam. There is a legend according to which the ruler of Chulalongkorn called cats Khorats. Seeing this animal, he asked: “Where did these beautiful creatures come from?”, They answered him - from Khorat, our lord.
Cats from Siam got into North America thanks to Oregon breeder Jean Johnson, who brought several individuals with her. Johnson spent 6 years in Bangkok, where she did not give up trying to get a couple of corates, but she did not succeed. Even here, the price of these animals is quite high. However, in 1959, just before leaving, she received a couple of kids of this breed. These were heterosexual kittens from the same litter - Nara and Darra, obtained in the famous Bangkok cattery Mahajaya.
The second import of corates was made by the breeder Gale Woodward, when he first brought in two heterosexual individuals, and then another one, May Bow. They became the founders of the Corat breed, which was bred in North America. Graceful and peculiar guests from Siam immediately became interested in the owners of other nurseries, and more and more cows were exported outside Thailand, despite the fact that the import of these cats was fraught with many difficulties.
Those wishing to take out seals in a silver coat often had to return with nothing, so the number of individuals grew very slowly. In the 60s of the last century, the KCFA organization appeared, the main purpose of which is to protect and popularize the breed. Only those cats whose origin the breeders were 100% sure of were allowed into breeding. After the appearance of the first standard, a group of breeders came together and directed all efforts so that the cores exported to America were recognized by large felinological associations.
Due to the fact that the main goal of breeding crates was to preserve the natural exterior of animals, which has not undergone changes for many centuries, modern representatives of the breed look the same as hundreds of years ago. In 1968, breeders managed to significantly expand the gene pool when 9 purebred individuals arrived from Bangkok. Gradually, these unusual cats managed to achieve champion status in all American organizations.
Breeders took the issue seriously, they did not pursue profit, focusing all attention on obtaining offspring that met all the requirements, cats that preserved the beauty and health of their ancestors. Corats possess all the qualities of primitive representatives of the breed, but are still very rare, even in the United States of America.
- Color: solid silver-blue.
- Tail: small, medium length, strong, with a rounded tip.
- Eyes: large, round, slightly convex, green or amber green.
- Coat: short, thin, shiny, undercoat is absent, “breaks” can be observed on the back during movement.
Description and appearance
Graceful, strong, balanced, without extra massiveness - this is how you can describe cats of the Corat breed. Their body is outlined in smooth lines, their eyes are saturated, and the whole look says that the animal is ready to act at any moment. Externally, the lightweight cortex actually has a more impressive body weight, this can be understood by taking the cat in his arms.
These are affectionate, gentle, simply charming cats, sincerely love the owners, they are sad in separation from them. Every day they demonstrate their love and devotion. Smart enough, everyone is interested in: nothing will escape their attention. Active, but not very mobile. Contact, they love society, they are funny, most of all they need the attention of their favorite owners, they love to climb on their knees and enjoy affection.
Talkative, and they know how to choose the right intonation and convey meaning to the listener. Those who were fortunate enough to keep the house of the corat say that speech is not always important - everything is written on the face of the corat, you can always guess what the cat wants to tell you.
Sociable korats hardly tolerate loneliness, so extremely busy people should not get cats of this breed.
In an official document, individuals of the Corat breed are described as follows:
- Head - in shape it resembles a heart, because of the convex brow part and softened lines on both sides of the muzzle - down to the chin.
- Muzzle - narrowing of the muzzle at the junction of the upper jaw with cheekbones is weakly expressed. The nose is like a “lion”, on the lobe there is a slight bulge, the cheeks and chin are well developed.
- The ears - set high, large, the tips are rounded, and the base is wide. Outside, the shell is well pubescent with a thick coat.
- Eyes - significantly protrude, widely spaced, rounded. When they are covered, their “Asian cut” becomes noticeable. The shade of the iris can only be bright green or amber. Fully color is set to 2-4 years of age.
- Body - medium in size, characterized by sophistication, grace and well-developed muscles, with a wide sternum and a smoothly curved back. The distance between the limbs is decent.
- Limbs - medium length, well muscled, proportional to the overall physique, with neat, oval paws.
- Tail - with a thick base, medium length, tapering towards the end. Kinks that are invisible to the naked eye, the standard allows.
The coat is short, the hairs are thin, soft, there is only an awn, and the undercoat is absent. When the cat moves, “breaks” may appear on the back of the individual. The coat adheres well to the body. Due to the fact that the coat is single-layer, it resembles silk, to the touch it is the same as this luxurious material - glossy and delicate.
In newly born kittens, you can see barely visible stripes that disappear with growing, and the color of the fur coat becomes uniform, silver-blue. Such an unusual tone is the result of a special ticking - the hairs of the spine have a clarified base, a dark middle part and a bright end. The radiant effect is especially noticeable in areas with shorter hair. According to standard specifications, paw pads, lips and a lobe are painted in dark color - gray-blue or lavender.
Health & Care
Corat's wool does not need to be carefully taken care of - it is short, has no undercoat, does not get tangled, therefore for a perfect condition of the coat one combing per week is enough.
Nature gave the Corat quite good health. However, a cat can get sick with a deadly disease - atelostogenesis of the first and second types, the occurrence of which is associated with genetic mutations. True, if the gene is inherited from only one parent, cats survive, but become carriers of the defective gene.
Puberty occurs at the cortex soon - at the age of five.
Character of the korat
About the korat, we can say that this is a smart, peaceful and affectionate animal that needs reciprocity of the owner. But such a pet is not too affectionate with other pets, he will not tolerate the presence of other living creatures in the house, except perhaps his fellow breeds. The main character traits and habits of the korat are as follows:
- She adores her owner, incredibly devoted to him.
- He tries to dominate other animals, but the owner respects and quickly accepts his high position in the home hierarchy.
- Understood - he learns the rules of the house well, if you raise a cat from childhood, there will be no problems in the future.
- It gets along well with children - it can be a companion for games and fun, but does not like harsh sounds, noises and other things.
- Sociable - there are a lot of rumors about the "talkativeness" of the korats, and most often they correspond to reality - these pets can purr, purr, growl and even whisper, of course, they communicate with the owners only gently.
- Sensitive - the cat immediately captures the mood of the owner, does not impose his society, realizing that the moment is not right. He will regret a sad family member, he will try to cheer him bored.
Many owners confirm that these Thai cats can relieve stress, their "purring" has a beneficial effect on the nervous system of people, eliminates nervousness, stress, and soreness. It is recommended to initiate a sensitive korat for people who lead a calm, measured lifestyle, who have no one to communicate with - this pet will surround the attention of its beloved master.
These representatives of the cat world are very mobile and playful, especially young individuals. They will certainly examine all corners of the house, climb into all the cabinets and chests of drawers, and if they stumble upon an interesting small object, they will surely be hidden and hidden.
Korats do not belong to fastidious and demanding pets, therefore, do not need complicated care and special procedures. They can live both in a small apartment and in a large rural place. Such a pet needs everything the same as ordinary cats:
- suitable tray
- two bowls - for feed and water,
- place for rest - a mattress, a house or a complex,
- scratching posts.
Care and hygiene
Korat is clean, and his coat, which does not have an undercoat, does not fall off and does not form mats. However, standard procedures for the animal are still necessary:
- Cleaning the fur coat with a brush with natural bristles.
- Toothbrushing with a special brush and toothpaste - every 3-4 weeks. For prophylaxis, it is recommended to give your pet dental toys and goodies.
- Bathing a cat - frequent washing is not required, several procedures per year are sufficient as needed. Use detergents intended for cats.
- Regular examinations - the owner should inspect the fur, ears and eyes for inflammation, pollution, parasites. In case of serious problems, the pet should be shown to the veterinarian, the ears can be cleaned with a cotton pad soaked in an antiseptic, and the eyes should be washed with boiled water or chamomile broth.
We must not forget about the timely vaccination and deworming of the pet, which must be carried out once every six months.
Babies of this breed who are breast-fed are treated to low-fat, calcined curd and kefir. Then, canned foods intended for babies can be included in the diet. Gradually, kittens are introduced to meat - beef, chicken, turkey, scalded boiling water.
Typically, kittens get into a new home at 3-4 months of age, when they can already eat both dry food and natural food. In the latter case, it is important that the pet’s menu consists of meat ingredients by 70% - meat, fish (sea), offal. The rest of the diet is well-cooked cereals, vegetables, herbs, eggs, dairy products, cottage cheese.
Kittens are fed 4-5 times a day, adolescent cats - three times, and older pets can be transferred to an adult, two meals a day.
Diseases and birth defects
The formation of the breed took place in a natural environment, without human intervention, so its representatives have good health and a strong immune system.
The only problem with corates is their tendency to gangliosidosis, a disease in which kittens are stunted and subsequently their nervous system is impaired. If the disease develops, then the ill offspring die before 10 months of age.
Atelosteogenesis, a disease associated with impaired development and formation of bone tissue, is rarely detected in individuals.
What to look for
First of all, the owner should decide for what purpose a kitten is being purchased. As a pet, you can buy a baby pet class, not intended for exhibitions and breeding.
You can save by buying an adult animal that has already been bred, or a kitten without documents with the possibility of recovery. Animals of this breed are very expensive, so it is not recommended to buy a pet from random sellers.
The cost of a kitten without a pedigree reaches 30,000 rubles, you can buy a pet of a pet class for 30000-40000 rubles. A kitten with documents and good data will have to pay a lot more - up to 80,000 rubles.
In the territory of Russia and the former CIS countries, not a single nursery is registered.
Many owners agree that korats are very curious, inquisitive, organized and smart. They do not arrange pogroms in the house and do not run along the walls, but you cannot blame them for their immobility and laziness.
Such a four-legged friend, according to most hosts, can brighten up the everyday life of a single person or fit perfectly into a large, friendly family. In any case, a place in the heart for this unusual creature is found not only in the owner, but also in all households.
Breed Features and Character
Cat korat Is a domestic breed. Thailand is considered her homeland, where the indigenous population ascribes to her magical power: to bring happiness. Therefore, legends and ancient customs are associated with her name.
A cat could not be sold, but only given. She became the traditional wedding offering to the newlyweds. This oldest breed was a household favorite among people of simple classes, when as a Siamese breed lived only among royalty. Representatives of this breed themselves are very beautiful.
They have silver-blue wool that flickers like a diamond and huge olive-colored eyes. In size they are small but heavy, about 4 kg. They have a well-developed wide chest, so the distance between the legs is quite large. The paws themselves are developed in proportion to the whole body of the cat, the hind legs are slightly longer.
Head cats breed Corat medium size. The large ears located on it are high set. The ends are round, almost without wool inside. Awesome eye color, distinguished by depth and clarity. Large fangs of cats indicate a close relationship with wild ancestors. The hosts celebrate a very lively facial expression of their pets.
Cats cats are real companions. They like to be in the spotlight and take part in all the affairs of their masters. They dislike strangers and will not go to their hands. But with all the inhabitants of the house, cats will find a common language, even with dogs. They do not like long trips or walks, prefer to stay in their familiar home environment.
Korat can easily charm and fall in love with himself at first sight. These cats are very loyal and very bored if left alone for a long time. They feel the host’s bad mood and start to caress in order to raise him.
Cats of this breed have a very developed hunting instinct. During such games, it is best to stay away from the corat. So that in the heat of the fight he could not accidentally injure himself. Another weakness character inherent cat korat - great curiosity. Therefore, it is better to keep them in the apartment than in the house.
Description of the breed (standard requirements)
Like any breed, korat has its own standards. It is worth knowing that breeding of these cats is limited by strict rules. According to which, only representatives of the breed who have Thai roots in the pedigree receive a passport. It is impossible to knit with other breeds of korat.
Following the WCF system standard, the cat should look like this. A medium-sized body should be muscular, flexible and strong. In proportion to its size, muscular legs with oval paws should be developed. The back is slightly convex with the middle tail narrowed towards the end.
The shape of the head should resemble a heart with wide-set eyes. The superciliary part forms the upper part of the heart, and two symmetrical lines to the chin finish the whole picture. Without a pinch. Proportional to the nose profile, should have a small hollow. Well-developed cheeks and chin.
Wide at the base are large ears, at the tips should be rounded. Inside and out should not be covered with thick hair. The eyes should be round and wide open. Brilliant green, amber may be allowed. If the breed representative is under four years old.
Wool should not be thick. The length can vary from short to medium length. Her appearance is shiny and thin, tight-fitting. The only correct color is blue with silver on the ends of the hair. No stains or medallions allowed. In the photo, a cat of the breed Corat It looks majestic and attractive, I immediately want to get it at home.
Care and maintenance
Cats of this breed grow slowly and reach their adult sizes by the age of five. Then they have a beautiful silver coat, and their eyes are bright olive green. Therefore, when taking a kitten, you should not pay attention to a slightly inappropriate view. He will certainly turn into a real handsome man over the years. These rare cats live for about 20 years.
Caring for your pet's hair will not cause any trouble. They do not form mats, due to the fact that the undercoat is missing. Therefore, it is quite simple to comb them from time to time. The frequency of this procedure is once a week, the comb itself is carried out against hair growth.
At the end of it, wool should be ironed with wet hands. It should be remembered that combing the tail unnecessarily is undesirable. This is an independent and intelligent breed, so the cat will report all of her desires herself. In addition, they are not picky about food. And with pleasure they will eat from the host table.
But it is worth restricting such food so as not to harm the health of the animal. It is better to give preference to high-quality cat dry food or canned food. Always in easy accessibility should be a bowl of clean water. You need to feed several times during the day. Adults - 3 times, kittens - 5.
Puberty occurs in korat early enough at 8 months. Then it is worth sterilizing a cat or cat, if it is not planned to use them for reproduction. If this is neglected, then the males will actively mark the territory, and the females will seek a partner. The cat's teeth need to be cleaned every 10 days to avoid diseases of the gums and teeth.
The paste must be special for animals. You can use special sprays or wipes. Once a month, you need to inspect the ears of cats. With the formation of sulfur and dirt, you need to carefully clean them with cotton buds. Eyes are rubbed once a day with a smooth, clean cloth dipped in boiled water.
Movement should be from the outer edge of the eye to the inner. Claws are treated with a clipper as needed. The description of this procedure is in any reference manual, it is also suitable for cats corat.
Cat Price Corat and Owner Reviews
Kittens of this breed are very rare throughout the world. In Russia, only one nursery is engaged in their breeding. There is a high probability of acquiring this handsome man in the USA or England. The approximate price at which you can buy a real cat, cannot be lower than $ 500. When it comes to class brid.
Therefore, all offers to purchase such kittens in Russia are suspicious. Before purchasing, you need to inquire about the seller. A very big chance, instead of a korat cat, to get Russian blue for a great price.
Corat breed kitten
Svetlana M. Moscow - “I always did not like cats and was a real“ dog lover ”until my husband brought home our charm - Murka. She is a breed of Corat. Previously, I had never seen them or even imagined that a cat can be so affectionate and tender. She’s been with us for four years and has become a true friend of my dachshund Angela. ”
Elena K. Samara - “My friend brought an unusual cat from England. It turned out that he is a rare breed of Corat. I was fired by the desire and myself to make the same. This business was very troublesome, but three months later I received the long-awaited - Venya! My joy has no limits now. I have never had a more loyal pet. ”
Korat breed cats are of native Thai origin. The first references were noted in an ancient manuscript called "The Cat's Book of Poems." The animals inhabited the high mountain range of Korat in Thailand. Residents of Thailand revere and respect these cats as a symbol of wealth and prosperity. They don’t sell korats at home. Thais prefer to give them. As a gift, animals are presented to high-ranking people, newlyweds, farmers.
It is believed that the owner of the cat, along with the pet acquires success and prosperity. This fame cats got thanks to King Siam. After receiving the gift of a korat, he was struck by the sharp changes in financial well-being and even gave the animals the name shi-savat, which means the light of money.
For the first time, korats entered America only after the 1920s. Soon appeared in England and spread to Europe. But their number is small, the breed is rare. In Russia, you can meet a representative of the breed even less often. Corates are considered a rare and non-widespread breed.
Like any living thing, the cortex has its own characteristics in character and physiology.
- The animal is very jealous and has a strong attachment to the owner. No need to start a korat in the vicinity of dogs or parrots.
- Cats do not tolerate harsh sounds, constant noise and crowds. It is better not to start them in the presence of small children.
- Native Thais are not adapted to living conditions in cold latitudes. Have to carefully monitor the health of the animal, to prevent hypothermia, drafts, to wear after washing.
An animal of this breed does not have an undercoat, and the main coat is of medium length. Koltuny not formed, the wool does not fall off. Cats themselves are perfectly capable of caring for their hair. The owner is required to comb out infrequently, once a week. It is better to train a kitten from childhood, then he will quickly get used to the procedure.
It is worth combing out with a special brush with natural bristles. The use of frequent scallop is not excluded, this will reveal the presence of parasites and evenly distribute sebum over the entire surface of the hairs.
There is no urgent need for swimming, because they are prone to colds. You can bathe once every six months or before exhibitions, significant events, photo shoots.
With the beginning of life, kittens should be fed breast milk for at least a month. After a month, the diet is gradually expanding due to dairy products. Kefir and cottage cheese are gradually introduced, the reaction is monitored. In the absence of a negative reaction - portions are increased.
After 3 months of life, the kitten's body needs protein. It is necessary to gradually introduce meat in small portions. It is advisable to use low-fat varieties:
Provide a sufficient amount of protein in the diet of an adult cat. Meat - at least half of the total amount of food. Raw meat contains taurine (an important element for vision and the nervous system) necessary for the cortex. Pork should not be present in the diet, as it causes disturbances in the digestive tract. Meat should also be thermally processed, or at least scalded with boiling water, for disinfection. New foods are introduced into the diet gradually, with reaction tracking.
It is important to ensure a drinking regime, it should be boiled or distilled water.
Feeding on ready-made food, better than canned, premium class for purebred cats is encouraged. You can see our wet feed rating here. But if you want to cook your own food for your pet, it is important to ensure the availability of the following products:
- lean meat (at least half the ration),
- fish - weekly, 1 time,
- cartilage by-products,
- dairy products,
- chicken eggs (once a week).
Following a special diet without the advice of a veterinarian is not required. It is only necessary to maintain a balance in nutrition.
The norm of nutrition for an adult cat is 2 times a day. The kitten is provided with 4 meals a day.
Korats are ideal pets for living in a country house or apartment. They are very sensitive to loud sounds and noise. Walking on the street most often causes stress in the animal, especially if the kitten was not walked in childhood.
In order to take the pet to the exhibition or to the veterinarian, it is better to use a special cat carrier and do this outside of rush hours.
In a country house, the animal can walk on the territory of the house, but do not let it go further. Korat can suddenly be frightened by a loud sound or a car and escape from home territory, fleeing danger.
|General information||A beautiful, very characteristic breed with a rich history||Lilac cats appear in some lines of korat|
|Character||Very stubborn breed, active, playful and sociable|
|Appearance||Characteristic color. Short blue coat with silver tipping, green eyes|
|House behavior||He does not like cold, because he does not have an undercoat. Very “talkative”, love to play and climb||Corates do not have a layer of subcutaneous fat to warm them.|
|Care||It is enough to comb out occasionally. Wool is not prone to tangling and tangle formation.||Lack of undercoat makes molting easier|
|Health problems||Like all Asian breeds, korats are susceptible to respiratory infections.||Follow the vaccination schedule, do not leave the cat in a draft or in the cold|
How to choose a kitten
Corat kittens are an expensive acquisition. They are rarely bought for pleasure. Kittens are purchased for future breeding and sale. The main nurseries are located in Thailand, the rest are in America and Europe, but there are few of them. There are no official korat nurseries in Russia.
The cost of a cortex starts from 500 to 1000 dollars. The price is due to the rarity of the breed and the difficulty in selecting partners. Such an expensive purchase should be with the necessary documentation. Carefully study the veterinary passport, vaccination certificate and pedigree of the animal. Without them, a kitten has no value and is not suitable for exhibition events.
After studying the documentation, you need to evaluate the appearance, physical condition of the kitten.
What to look for:
- The belly of the kitten should be rounded, but not swollen. Bloating indicates digestive problems or the presence of worms.
- The condition of the mouth. The internal color of the jaws of a healthy kitten is pale pink, without an unpleasant odor.
- Anal opening. The condition under the tail should not be wet or with sticky hairs. This indicates diarrhea and weakness.
- The body of the animal should be clean, smooth, without tumors and wounds.
- The general condition of a healthy kitten is playful and active. But, if the baby has just woken up, he may be a little lethargic.
It is better to take a kitten from 3 months of life, which is fed by mother's milk, which means that he received all the necessary antibodies and immunity for adulthood. It is worth paying attention to the vaccinations necessary for this age of life.
Breeding cats of the breed Corat is a laborious, costly affair. Interspecific mating of corates is strictly prohibited, and finding a partner is problematic. There are no nurseries in Russia and the CIS countries. All korat nurseries are located abroad.
The problem is exacerbated by the need for genetic analysis of animals before viscous, to exclude breed diseases - gangliosidosis and atelosteogenesis.
- The breed belongs to the ancients, therefore it is associated with many myths and legends.
- At home - in Thailand - the korats are sacred, symbolizing wealth and prosperity.
- Unlike Siamese cats, korats lived in the homes of the poor and commoners.
- Representatives of the breed are rare specimens.When buying, be sure to contact the nurseries and carefully check the documents.
Useful video about the breed:
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