|Difficulty of care|
Graceful callisia is a vivid representative of a kind, a true groundcover, which in the culture is pinched and used as an ampelous.
The main decoration of the species is dark green elongated egg-shaped leaves with a pointed tip.
The upper side of the sheet is covered with longitudinal white stripes. Bottom - has a noble purple hue, creating the impression of a velvet surface.
Callisia flowers are graceful, small, inconspicuous white, consisting of three petals. Located on the tops of the shoots.
Kallizia is a native of the genus Evergreen perennial Commeline family. Not surprisingly, the name translated from Greek means "beauty." The flower is characterized by creeping as well as erect stems, which can form dense thickets. The flower hails from tropical and subtropical regions of the USA.
For your information! Sometimes it is confused with tradescantia, because they have similar external characteristics.
Today kalliziya well takes root at home. Most often, callisia elegant, repens, fragrant and laly-shaped is grown. Fragrant has not only decorative properties, but also healing. However, do not forget that the plant can cause an allergic reaction in both humans and animals.
A stalk 15-20 cm long is characteristic of callisia repensa, on which spherical, heart-like leaves of green color are formed on top and with a burgundy hue from below. In size, they are no more than 3-4 cm.
At home, small-leaved callizia rarely blooms, but if the process occurs, the flowers are white and plain, although they have a pleasant smell.
Choosing a place is a rather important stage when planting a plant. For callisia, it is necessary that the site is well lit, but it is better that direct sunlight does not fall. It can be a windowsill if the windows are not on the sunny side, the depth of the room, the table, the shelf is perpendicular to the window, etc. It is important that the room has good air circulation.
You do not need to select a special soil, for example, you can take a substrate for succulents or any other. However, it is important that the soil is light. It is necessary to water regularly and increase the amount of water during the spring-summer period, when the air temperature is very high.
For your information! Also, fertilizing with mineral fertilizers will be beneficial, mixing it in water for spraying. The procedure must be carried out from May to September.
If the plant has grown very much, and there is already not enough space in the pot, it must be transplanted. This can be done in two ways: transplant into a larger container or divide the plant into two parts.
Do not forget about harvesting yellowed or dry leaves, as well as damaged stems.
Transplanted callis repens
For callisia, a temperature of 20-25 ° C is best suited, so in the summer it has no problems. In winter, difficulties may arise in maintaining the temperature regime, but if it is not lower than 16 ° C, then everything will be fine. Of course, the flower will slow down its growth, but it will not disappear.
Important! Air temperature can fluctuate, but if this happens abruptly, the plant will die soon.
The need for water largely depends on the origin of the plant. Since Callisia comes from the subtropical and tropical regions of the United States, it needs high humidity. In order for this plant to develop correctly, bloom and smell, it is necessary to spray it regularly (preferably every day) and do not allow hot air to blow on it, that is, it is not recommended to put the pots next to the battery, heater, stove, etc.
Diseases and Pests
The following pests and ailments can destroy the flower.
Just like plants in open ground and indoor plants, a flower can be infected with diseases or suffer from parasites. Domestic pests are thrips, scale insects, mealybug, whitefly, etc.
For your information! Kallizia repens is most attracted by spider mites, thrips and scale insects.
A spider mite is a microscopic mite that cannot be seen with the naked eye. However, attacking the plant, it leaves thin layers of cobwebs (most often on the inside of the leaf). It seems that the leaves are sprinkled with flour. For prevention, it is necessary to spray the plant with water.
Important! Water should be cold.
If the plant is already infected, then you need to rinse it in the shower and treat it with drugs. For use, they are best suited: vertimec, phytoverm, agravertine, acarin and neoron.
Thrips are sucking parasites that lay eggs in leaf tissue. Outwardly, they look like an elongated fly, although it is quite problematic to see it, but the tracks - dry dots of silver color that can turn into a stain - give it away. For the fight use actar (best), agravertine, acarin, spark-bio, fitoverm.
Scabies are sucking insects that feed on cellular sap. It’s easy to find them: small, bright tubercles, similar to droplets of frozen wax. They are easy to remove with a finger or crush. When fighting a parasite, it is recommended to use the same drugs as against thrips.
Although callisia is quite resistant to adverse conditions, do not forget about its departure, because parasites most often infect a weak plant and with low humidity. If the plant is infected, it is necessary to process the entire collection of flowers, otherwise there may be an epidemic that will lead to the death of many copies.
Callisia is characterized by the problem of root and stem rot. This can occur due to the permanent moisture of the earthen coma and the lack of good drainage. To fight, you need to remove all damaged parts and treat the slices with chopped charcoal. You also need to change the soil in the pot. If there are a lot of lesions, then it is necessary to carry out treatment with fungicides, for example, profit, bayleton, acrobat, rovral and oxychome.
Possible growing difficulties
Problems may arise due to improper care. It can be unusual diseases, for example:
- atypical discoloration of leaves and their falling. To do this, reduce the amount of water when watering,
- drying leaves. To do this, on the contrary, increase the amount of water, but do not overdo it,
- an increase in the distance between the leaves and lengthening of the stem indicates a poor place of growth,
- if they smoke in the apartment / office, then callisia should be removed as far as possible, otherwise it will die. The plant does not tolerate tobacco smoke.
Thus, callisia does not require diligent care at home. The main thing is to follow the rules of cultivation, carefully monitor the condition of the flower, and then it will delight the eye with its presentable appearance.
Kallizia is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Kommlinov family. The birthplace of callisia is Central and South America.
Elegant, Teuantepec, Scaphoid, Creeping, Fragrant. Indoor Views
Kallizia elegant (graceful) - a plant reaching 30-40 cm in height, creeping shoots. The leaves are dark green, with silver-white stripes on the upper side, below with a purple hue. They are oval, pointed at the ends & # 8212. The stems and leaves are pubescent. Blooms with white flowers, which are located on the tips of the shoots.
Kallizia creeping - a plant that reaches a height of 10 cm, grows very quickly. The stems are thin, creeping, with small green leaves, up to 2 cm long. On the upper side of the leaves, violet specks are barely visible, on the lower side the leaves have a burgundy hue.
Fragrant callisia or "golden mustache". In indoor conditions, the plant reaches a height of 1-1.5 m. It has 2 types of shoots: erect and horizontal. In the former, the leaves are developed normally, reach a length of 20-30 cm, a width of 5-6 cm. The latter are curly ...
Callisia elegant (Callisia elegans) plant description, care and disease, watering and reproduction
The genus Callisia (Callisia) belongs to the family of Commelinas and has about 12 species that grow in Mexico and South America, forming dense sods. Kallizia is a close relative of the tradescantia.
The name of the genus comes from the Greek word & laquo, callos & raquo ,, which translates as & laquo, beauty & raquo ,.
Outwardly, callises are perennial grasses with creeping or erect stems. Some species are grown as ampelous plants, some as groundcover.
In house culture, the most popular types are: callisia elegant or elegant, creeping calysis and fragrant callisia (golden mustache).
Callisia elegant or elegant (Callisia elegans) creeping perennial herb. Creeping stems, leaves are dark green with silver stripes, the underside is purple, have an ovoid shape with pointed tips. Leaves and stems are covered with fluff. It blooms with white, nondescript flowers, usually in late summer - early autumn.
Creeping Callisia (Callisia repens) is a small, compact plant with small leaves resembling hearts in shape. A leaf of bright green color, the underside of a burgundy hue. Since the shoots are creeping, and the crown is very bushy and grows rapidly, this ...
The healing properties of callisia
The leaves of the plant are able to release beneficial phytoncides into the atmosphere, so it is recommended to move the plantation to the head of the bed at night. It will help get rid of insomnia and nightmares. Golden mustache juice is useful and used in folk medicine:
- promotes wound healing
- treats skin diseases
- eliminates lichen, ulcers, eczema,
- helps get rid of ulcers and bowel problems.
The vein part of the plantation can be chewed before bedtime - swallow the juice and discard the flesh.
Callis care at home. Briefly
The plant is not whimsical, so care for it is simple. Kallizia at home is characterized by an average growth rate, the cultivation features are as follows:
|Temperature||In summer, a temperature of 18 to 24 degrees Celsius is required. In the winter season, the plant will feel great with indicators of at least 12 degrees above zero.|
|Air humidity||To prevent the tips of the leaves from drying out, you must place it away from heating radiators in winter. The plant tolerates moderate spraying well with softened water in the summer, while the dry air is not afraid of it.|
|Lighting||The golden mustache does not like direct sunlight, so it is better to use diffused light for the plant. If there is no light, the stems will stretch.|
|Watering||Summer and spring watering is characterized by a frequency of 1 time in 3 days, the water should be settled. In autumn, watering is carried out once a week, and in winter - no more than once every 10 days.|
|Priming||Soil for callisia is selected special, a mixture of sand, peat, humus, as well as leaf and garden soil is well suited.|
|Fertilizer and fertilizer||Fertilizing and fertilizing occurs only in the summer and spring. For this, liquid feeding diluted with water is used.|
|Transfer||It is carried out annually at the end of May - this must be done with young plants.|
|Breeding||Occurs by cuttings, layering and mustache.|
|Growing Features||The leaves will rot if the liquid gets into the center of the outlet when watering. Do not expose the planting to drafts and temperature extremes. Some varieties are suitable for hanging plants.|
The flowers do not have decorative indicators, but thin a pleasant, delicate aroma. Flowering begins in early summer, but if the region’s climate is cold, this process can start later. Home callis blooms in small white inflorescences, collected in three pieces at the tops of the shoots.
The plant can not boast of abundant flowering at room conditions due to temperature conditions. Fragrant callisia flowers have the sweetest aroma, other species rarely bloom.
Plant growers choose callisia due to its unpretentiousness. Kallizia feels great at room temperature, one of the important conditions for development is to prevent drafts. It is also not recommended to place the plant in rooms with a strong fluctuation in temperature indicators.
Optimum performance for different times of the year:
- in summer - +20 - 25 degrees,
- in winter - 16 degrees.
The temperature should not fall below + 14 degrees in the room, otherwise the leaves of the plant will become soft. If you put the pot in a room that is too warm in the winter, then the callis will stretch out a lot.
The origin of the plant belongs to the tropics, so callisia at home should always be in high humidity. Spraying takes place with special accuracy: the leaves should not be plunged by the strong pressure of the spray gun. The best option would be to spray the settled water from a distance of 1 meter.
In winter, callisia also needs moisture. Due to the constant presence of the batteries, it begins to dry, so you should abandon the regular exposure to dry air.
In winter, the leaves also need to be sprayed, however, it is important to monitor the amount of liquid - the drops should be small.
Since the plant has a bright color of leaves, it requires soft, but diffused light. It is not recommended to place the pot in shady areas of the room - this will harm development. If the pot with callis stands on the windowsill of the window on the south side, then you need to shade the stems from direct exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
Several features of plant lighting:
- in the warm season, callisia is better to put on a western or eastern window,
- cultivation in the middle of a bright room is allowed,
- the kitchen is not suitable for growth - it contains a lot of foreign smells,
- in the summer, for better lighting, callisia is taken out to the balcony.
The plant is great for growing in the office. If you plant the plant in a shady place, it will grow rapidly.
For watering callisia, only soft water is used. Settled or rain liquid is well suited for this. Summer and spring should be characterized by regular watering, as the temperature of the surrounding atmosphere gradually rises. The frequency of watering is determined by the drying of the earth.
In winter, the plant is watered irregularly - it depends on the temperature of the room. It is forbidden to pour liquid into the center of the outlet - this will rot the leaves. If the soil is dry, the plantation will die.
After acquiring a plant in a flower shop, it is not transplanted. When the young plantation grows slightly, you can transplant it. To do this, choose the right container: the pot should be wide, but have a shallow depth.
It is better to choose a container made of ceramics, but often people buy plastic pots - they are also suitable.
One of the important conditions is the availability of a durable spacious pallet.
The soil mixture must be composed correctly.
To do this, apply turf soil, humus and sand. All components are taken in proportions of 1: 3: 1. Soddy porous earth, enriched with nutrients that positively affect growth.
Humus consists of manure rotted in the greenhouse with soil. Sand helps the plant - it plays the role of drainage and perfectly passes air. The above three components in the mixture can be prepared independently, or you can buy ready-made compositions in flower shops.
Fertilizer and fertilizer
Callisia flower at home is unpretentious, but fertilizers still have to. Experienced plant growers note that planting needs to be fed from March to August. This must be done once every 14 days.
Ready-made mineral complexes for deciduous plants are used as top dressing. The dose indicated on the package should be halved, and in winter fertilizers are not applied.
The plant is characterized by rapid growth, so adult plants can be transplanted in spring or autumn every year.
The new pot should be 2-3 cm larger in diameter of the old. Before transplanting, it is necessary to water the soil well in 1 day in order to easily remove the roots.
The transplant process looks like this:
- soil preparation from sand, humus and sod land,
- preparation of a drainage layer from expanded clay or pebbles,
- removing a plant from an old pot with an earthen lump,
- planting plantings in a new pot.
If mold has formed in the old soil or other problems have appeared, it is recommended to rinse the roots well so that there is no trace of the disease. If necessary, the roots are disinfected.
Like any plant, callisia at home care needs timely pruning. It is better to do this in the spring, when there is a plentiful increase in shoots. Pruning helps give the bush a traditional shape.
To make the plant more magnificent, several cuttings are planted in a pot at once. Planting painlessly tolerates pruning.
Propagation of callisia by cuttings
The shoot for grafting is taken only when at least 10 new “joints” have grown on it. For this, the upper part is cut 2 "joints" below, where the middle of the third "joint" is located. Cuttings are planted for rooting in water and covered with a plastic cap.
In order for the shoots to take root, it will take at least 2 weeks. As soon as a formed root system has formed in the handle, it can be transplanted into the ground. Fragrant Kallizia requires the organization of support, as it is distinguished by high stems.
Callisia elegant (graceful)
A herbaceous perennial with creeping stems. Plant height - 30-40 cm, oval leaves pointed at the ends are located on both sides of the stem. The surface of the leaves is velvety, there are silver-white stripes, which on the back side have a purple color. White flowers appear in late summer.
The famous second name is Golden mustache. The plant has healing properties, its height reaches 70-120 cm. The leaves are thick and fleshy on both sides, they are represented by two types: erect and oblong up to 30 cm long, as well as horizontal lianike shoots. Flowering occurs at the end of winter, food buds are noticeable, but the aroma is bright.
Perennial with small leaves, reaching a height of up to 10 cm. The stems are characterized by thick leaves arranged in two rows. The peculiarity of creeping callisia is that it grows very quickly. The bush spreads over the surface, forming a green carpet.