The Pharaoh Hound is a long-legged creature with golden chestnut hair and the profile of the Egyptian god Anubis, belonging to the group of primitive dogs. The official birthplace of the breed is the island of Malta.
Pharaoh Hound, Kelb tal-Fenek, Pharaoh
The Pharaoh Hound, in fact, does not live in Egypt at all. These animals live on the island of Malta, moreover, they are known as the national dogs of Malta. Then, you ask, why are they called the dogs of the pharaohs?
First is the look. At one glance at this breed, an instant analogy arises with the dogs depicted on the walls in ancient Egyptian tombs. Secondly - theories about their origin, which tell us that a similar appearance with the dogs depicted on the walls of the ancient Egyptian tombs of the pharaohs, is justified.
Many researchers have suggested that the Pharaoh’s dog is a descendant of the ancient Egyptian dog Teshem, which means “hunting dog”. Phoenician merchants brought them to Malta, where these pets live to this day. On the other hand, there are theories that say that the pharaoh dog appeared as a result of mixing several breeds in a later period, and has nothing to do with dogs from Ancient Egypt.
In Malta, they are called “kelb tal-fenek”, which literally means “rabbit dog”. Residents gave them such a name for a reason - with these dogs they hunt rabbits. It was about these dogs that Giovanni Francesco Abela wrote in 1647, calling them “little dogs”, which “are extremely appreciated by the locals because of their amazing ability to hunt rabbits perfectly”.
He also indicated that Chernecs were even sold to France. However, despite the fact that some noble people in Europe bought these dogs for rabbit hunting, they failed to create a full-fledged population. Moreover, even a pair of dogs brought to England in 1920 also delighted only their owners. No one was engaged in targeted breeding.
Dogs, which became the basis for the European population, were introduced to England only in 1960. The first offspring appeared three years later. The first official breed standard appeared and was recognized by the British Kennel Club in 1974. They are referred to as hounds.
The Pharaoh's dog has a thin physique, long legs and a long neck. The ears are pointed, stand straight, the muzzle is elongated, the tail is long, tapering towards the end. Color - red, short hair. Sometimes these pets may even look too thin, but keep in mind that they have such a body structure and well-fed pharaoh dogs are difficult to meet. A pharaoh’s dog is gaining muscle mass more easily than it is overgrown with fat. Males are larger than females.
An open, kind, loving character is a distinctive side of the personality of the dog of the pharaoh. They like to fool around, they love to be in the spotlight, they love their family, owners, and generally close people. Although this may not necessarily be family members - it may be your friends who visit your house often and like your pet. They have a lot of internal energy, they like to walk, run, get to know other dogs and new people.
On the other hand, some individuals can be extremely open in the circle of their family, however, be closed to strangers. Perhaps without aggression, but the dog shows its impregnability and indifference. Since they treat their masters and generally beloved people with great obedience and even wish to please them, usually there are no problems in the training process.
In general, these dogs rarely cause problems with their behavior. They treat children very well and spend a lot of time with them with joy. The Pharaoh dog has a developed intellect, understands what is happening in the family, and has a fairly sensitive psyche. Therefore, sometimes it can be difficult for them to be in the room when a family quarrel occurs nearby.
If your dog is brought up correctly, she may try to intervene and smooth out irregularities in family relationships with her affection and kindness. Hunting instincts do not allow you to get along with rodents, but you can make friends with cats, but this must be done at an early age.
The dog of the pharaoh lends itself well to various types of training. They can be trained in many teams, both simple and complex, here everything depends only on your desires and needs. A high level of energy, high intelligence require various activities and activities.
They do not need excessive rigor, or an emphasis on cancellation commands, since in principle they differ in obedience. Due to the high level of energy and natural frivolity, it may be difficult for them to concentrate on long-term tasks, in which case, you need to reduce the training time.
Do not allow screams, rudeness or beatings, as this will certainly affect the psyche of the animal. It can become more aggressive or, conversely, more withdrawn and intimidated.
The Pharaoh Hound has a short, smooth coat that is easy to care for. You need to comb it once a week. Be sure to monitor the cleanliness of your pet’s ears and eyes, cut its nails once every 10 days, and bathe your dog 1-2 times a week.
- Breed Name: Pharaoh Hound
- Country of origin: Malta
- Weight: 20-25 kg
- Height (height at the withers): males 56-63.5 cm, females 53-61 cm
- Life span: 12-14 years old
- Pharaoh dogs appeared in the USSR in 1987, but to this day the number of breeds in Russia and the world as a whole is extremely small.
- Since the “pharaoh” pursues prey in the hunt, relying on eyesight, it is often considered a group of greyhounds.
- Representatives of this family are in the top 10 most expensive dogs in the world.
- The nobleness of the silhouette and the unsurpassed running qualities of pharaoh dogs are due to long-term isolation and long non-interference of breeders in the animal gene pool.
- In Malta, the breed was attracted mainly to rabbit hunting, due to which its representatives got a second name - Maltese rabbit greyhounds.
- The breed grows up long in terms of exterior. If most puppies overcome adolescence by 7 months, then “pharaohs” to become full-fledged handsome men, it takes from a year to a year and a half.
- To date, the pharaoh’s dog has transformed into an image pet and is not tested for working qualities. The hunting activities of modern animals have been replaced by racing, Frisbee and agility.
- The well-groomed and aristocratic appearance of the “pharaoh” is by no means the result of the tireless care of the owner. Short hair of dogs does not need grooming and expensive cosmetic procedures.
The Pharaoh Hound is a lean athlete with a good-natured character and an otherworldly charm of an amber look. Possessing aristocratic habits and a remarkable mind, this eared intelligent woman easily comes into contact and gains confidence, while not condescending to frank attendance. Usually, a Maltese greyhound is recommended to those who are in dire need of a four-legged girlfriend, who will gladly share the owner's love for dog racing, but will not ruin the house due to the fact that she suddenly became bored and wanted to hunt. In addition, the breed is very lively, therefore it is safe to get a pharaoh dog even if representatives of fauna of various sizes and weight categories already live in the house.
History of the Pharaoh Hound
Based on the exotic name of the breed, it is logical to assume that its ancestors were from the banks of the Nile. In fact, the outward resemblance of the representatives of this family to the hero of ancient Egyptian mythology Anubis is absolutely accidental. Moreover, the birthplace of dogs is Malta. According to legend, the Phoenicians brought animals to these lands, where they lived for thousands of years in relative isolation without the ability to interbreed with other breeds. At the same time, on the Borzoi island they called "kelb tal-fenech", which translated means "rabbit dog".
Pharaonic dogs entered the European countries at the beginning of the 20th century, and by the 30s the first breeders received the first breeders. It took almost thirty years for animals to gain the trust of Old World dog breeders. Moreover, the British general Blok and his wife Pauline contributed especially to arousing interest in the "pharaohs". The couple was professionally involved in rabbit greyhound breeding and founded their own nursery, from which 90% of the British herd of Anubis dogs subsequently came out.
In 1977, FCI pedigree specialists became interested in the breed and even decided to bring its representatives to a single standard. True, it soon became clear that the name "Pharaoh Hound" in the stud books was taken by another four-legged family, originating from the island of Ibiza. In order to prevent further interbreed confusion, the dogs from Malta were still assigned the “Pharaonic status”, and the dogs from Ibiza were urgently renamed Ivisian Greyhounds.
Pharaoh Hound breed standard
By their physique, the “pharaohs” subtly look like Podenco ibitsenko (those same ibis greyhounds), which gave rise to a number of misconceptions regarding both breeds. In reality, dogs from Malta are not relatives of dogs from Ibiza, although the first and second are usually considered to be a borzoi clan. As for appearance, in this regard, the Pharaoh dogs have all the trump cards. An elegantly toned silhouette with well-defined muscles, a graceful elongated head that gives the animal a resemblance to the Egyptian guard of the underworld, and a fiery-iridescent coat color - all this together creates a unique image of a semi-mythical creature that survived the heyday and decline of ancient empires.
Sexual dimorphism in the breed is quite pronounced. So, for example, the correct, from the point of view of experts, dog of the Maltese "pharaoh" should be no lower than 53 cm and no higher than 63.5 cm. For a female, the growth boundary is 53-61 cm. Separately, it is worth mentioning the running qualities of animals. Pharaoh dogs are moving fast-paced, and to gain maximum speed, they do not need acceleration. In addition, the breed is distinguished by phenomenal maneuverability, which for thousands of years has helped its representatives successfully hunt small-sized game.
The skull of a pharaoh dog has a characteristic elongated shape with a moderately pronounced transition from the head to the muzzle.
Jaws and teeth
“Pharaohs” are distinguished by strong teeth and developed jaws, which in a closed state demonstrate a reference scissor bite.
The skin on the nose is painted in a pinkish-skin tone, in harmony with the fur of a greyhound.
A real pharaoh dog should have oval, deep-set eyes with a shiny amber colored iris.
Large, moderately high set ears of the animal are part of the pedigree “recognition”. In a wary state, the ear-cloth takes an upright position, giving the dog an even greater resemblance to the Egyptian god Anubis.
The slightly curved, graceful necks of the pharaoh dogs are distinguished by good length and muscularity.
The pharaoh’s dog has an elongated, flexible body with a straight upper line, with a barely noticeable slope of the croup, deep chest and harmoniously tucked up stomach.
Legs are straight and parallel to each other. The shoulders are long, strongly laid back, the elbows touch the body. The angles of the hocks are moderate, while the hips are well developed. The paws of the pharaoh dogs are characterized by a flattened shape, fingers tightly pressed together and elastic large pads. The animal moves smoothly, with its head proudly raised, without excessive raising its legs in height and ejecting its paws to the sides.
The tail of the breed has a whip-like shape and is not set too high, but at the same time not low. It rises and bends upward in motion. Undesirable transformations: a curled tail or sandwiched between the hind legs.
The coat of pharaoh dogs has a thin, but harsh structure. The hair itself is very short, shiny, of sufficient thickness. The presence of any tow is excluded.
A pharaoh dog can have a whole palette of colors from wheat golden to chestnut red with small white spots. White markings on the tip of the tail, fingers, chest (star) are desirable. A miniature white groove on the muzzle is allowed by the standard, unlike moles and white marks on the rest of the body.
Any defects in appearance and behavior of a strong degree of severity lead to the mandatory disqualification of the animal in competitions. In addition to standard defects such as cowardice, aggression and anatomical developmental anomalies, specific pedigree “irregularities” can be found in pharaonic dogs. In particular, individuals with a large white spot on the nape are not allowed to participate in exhibitions. Another important point: getting your dog to the show ring, be prepared for incompetent refereeing. Such incidents from time to time occur, usually due to the fact that there are very few genuine experts who thoroughly understand the intricacies of the exterior of the “pharaohs”.
Character of the pharaoh dog
Despite the somewhat pretentious name of the breed, its representatives are completely devoid of arrogance and the desire to suppress everyone and everything. The right Pharaoh hound is an affectionate, clever and understanding creature with whom it is easy to build relationships without even having a cynological experience. One of the main features of the Maltese rabbit greyhounds is the phenomenal peacefulness. Overactive children with their constant running around, narcissistic kotofey, walking around the apartment, crowds of guests - “pharaoh” perceives such vicissitudes of fate with incredible calm.
Nevertheless, it is clearly not worth considering a pet to be a timid and insecure creature. If necessary, this graceful “model” also flies around, and a raven on the street will tame the unbridled, and protect his own good from child abuse. Sociability and curiosity are qualities that every member of the breed must possess. At the same time, pharaonic dogs are absolutely alien to obsession. After making sure that the owner does not seek to make contact, the “pharaoh” will not humiliate himself and beg for affection, but will take a break and go about his business.
The innate aristocratic behavior is what sets the Maltese greyhounds apart. A real pharaoh dog builds behavior depending on the environment and does not allow itself to be superfluous. For example, developing crazy speeds on dog races and chasing a mechanical hare with primitive excitement, the “pharaoh” will never turn upside down the apartment in which he lives. Moreover, at home, this taut runner prefers to play the role of a sofa spoiler and quietly doze off in the chair while the owner prepares another portion of goodies for him.
As for living together with other dogs, as well as their own relatives, here the "Maltese" are surprisingly loyal - innate conflict-freeness affects. By the way, do not expect the Pharaoh's dog to be betrayed to someone alone. Representatives of this breed are distinguished by an equal attitude to all members of the family, and if they single out someone, they do it very delicately. Such a bad habit as idiosyncrasy is not peculiar to graceful "Anubis".Usually owners who do not like to walk their four-footed wards and who have the habit of locking an animal in an empty apartment complain about the breed’s excessive passion for barking and howling.
Parenting and training
It’s easy to make friends with a pharaoh’s dog, but you won’t be able to instill in your pet the necessary etiquette, no matter how great friends you are. On the other hand, rabbit greyhounds have a phenomenal memory, and once they have learned teams or artistic numbers they never forget.
It is important to understand that proud "Anubis" cannot stand strict discipline and study, therefore, if you intend to do training, get ready to spend from several months to several years on this matter. The same OKD breed will comprehend at times longer than any German shepherd, so it is sometimes more reasonable to abandon complex programs in favor of more simplified options. In the end, the Pharaoh dogs were not bred for maintenance and protection.
To manage a pet in a city or in hunting conditions, a set of elementary teams like “Come to me!”, “Place!”, “Stop!” And others are enough. If the animal is one of the show individuals that are regularly exhibited in the ring, several specific teams should be added to this kit that help to present the dog before the commission in a favorable light: “Work!”, “Teeth!”, “Run!”.
The style of teaching all skills should be extremely soft - do not be afraid, the “pharaoh” will not interpret kindness as weakness and will not include an alpha male. But it is better not to get involved in repetitions of exercises - the breed will not endure such tediousness and next time will try to slip away from the lesson. An important nuance: “Pharaoh” must be weaned from an early age to give voice over trifles. Despite the fact that the “Maltese” are hysterical, their barking is loud and annoying, so the less often the dog will strain the vocal cords in the home, the more convenient for you.
Animals learn to meet toilet needs correctly quickly: pharaoh dogs are naturally neat and tidy, therefore, in childhood they can easily cope with newspapers and diapers, and when they mature, they do the same thing, but outside the apartment, during the walk.
Maintenance and care
Pharaoh dogs are undemanding to space if they lead an active sporting life outside the house. Modern breeders argue that keeping anubis in an apartment is no more difficult than in a suburban mansion if you set the correct daily regimen for the animal. Keep in mind that the breed is sensitive to low temperatures (immigrants with hot Malta after all), so take the dog for a walk in insulated overalls on frosty days or force him to spend time actively: run racing, play with objects, jump. In general, do everything that helps to keep warm.
Pay due attention to collar selection. Because of the elongated neck, not all models are suitable for pharaoh dogs, but only the so-called “herring” - a design with a wide center and narrowed edges. And please, no harnesses and chains, if you do not want to strangle a pet that has rushed after a stray cat. But you can’t not look for a suitable sunbed at all - at home rabbit greyhounds still prefer to roll on chairs and sofas, stubbornly ignoring the mattresses bought for them.
In terms of accuracy, the pharaoh dogs have no equal. Representatives of this clan always find an opportunity to bypass a dirty puddle and even manage to return from a walk in a neat form even in the most inclement weather. Moreover, the pharaoh’s dog is one of those rare image breeds, the representatives of which do not need to be combed, trimmed and cut. The maximum that is required to maintain a healthy, presentable coat is to walk on it once a week with a rubber mitt.
Too often washing the “pharaohs” does not make sense, but if the animal is dirty (which is rather nonsense for the breed), you can’t do without taking a bath. The main thing is to carefully monitor so that the pet does not have the opportunity to lick the shampoo, which will negatively affect its digestion. By the way, the "Maltese" themselves have a positive attitude towards water and willingly bathe under the supervision of the owner. The eyes of the representatives of the breed do not require special care: it is enough to remove dust lumps in the morning and carry out preventive weekly wipes of the eyelid mucosa with an ophthalmic solution.
The ears of the pharaoh dogs are large and open, so they are well ventilated and do not cause problems to the owners. Of course, it is necessary to inspect the inner part of the organ, but usually care for the greyhound’s ears is reduced to removing sulfur from them with a cotton swab or a wet bandage wound around the tweezers. By the way, because of the too sharp bend of the ear canal, the “pharaohs" do not want to instill liquid preparations and phyto-lotions inside, since the animal cannot get rid of the liquid on its own. Alternatively, you can use drops in tandem with special veterinary powder. After the liquid got into the ear and dissolved the sulfur deposits, it is necessary to drain the inside of the organ, filling a small amount of powder. The powder absorbs excess moisture, and the greyhound will be able to independently remove it from the ear canal, shaking his head.
Once a month, a pharaoh dog is recommended to shorten the claw plate so that it does not interfere with running, and twice a week to brush his teeth with a veterinary toothpaste and a brush with soft bristles or a bandage wound around the finger. If you live in the city and in the cold season walk with your pet along the sidewalks filled with reagents, take care of the paws of the Maltese rabbit greyhound. In particular, when you return home, rinse them with warm water and lubricate with a nourishing cream.
Walking and coursing
Ideally, the "pharaoh" should spend about three hours a day outside the home walls. All this time he has the right to give free rein to instincts - how to run, jump and play enough. In the case of time pressure, the duration of the walks can be reduced to two hours a day, but you will have to go outside with a greyhound in the morning and evening. The best alternative to hunting, which few people practice with the Maltese “Anubis,” is coursing. Running around a mechanical hare will be able to simultaneously exhaust the animal, and reveal its innate talents of the earner.
To arouse interest in the pursuit of mechanical bait, the puppy is teased at an early age by game tied to a rope. As for the full preparation for the coursing competitions, it is recommended to start at the age of 7 months. By this time, the puppy of the pharaoh’s dog was relatively strong and had built up the necessary muscle mass. The easiest way to learn how to run correctly is with a bicycle: the owner controls the bike, and the four-legged ward, fastened to the frame, runs alongside. The pace of the ride should constantly alternate from slow to fast. It is important to stop in time - the dog should come from training a little tired, and not fall from exhaustion.
A good replacement for cycling is catching up on snowdrifts, sand dunes and beaches. For such trainings, it is better to take the animal out of the settlements, the benefit of a trip by car is considered by the greyhounds as a pleasant entertainment. Keep in mind that immediately on adult tracks, pets-beginners are not allowed. At first, young athletes engage in short-range coursing, since at the dawn of their sports career, Pharaoh dogs should run no more than 100-200 m.In addition, to avoid excessive loads, the fragile metacarpals of young individuals who are just beginning to comprehend the basics of coursing are bandaged.
The breed is modest in eating habits. In addition, its representatives have sensitive liver and pancreas, which automatically excludes the use of fatty foods. Accordingly, if you prefer to feed your pet “natural”, rely on lean meat, a scar and offal. By the way, the widespread myth that Pharaonic dogs more respect plant food than animal food remains a myth. Of course, “vegetarian” products should be included in the diet, but the basis of the greyhound menu, like any dog, is meat and its waste.
An important point: the portion size of a pharaoh dog is a variable value. The largest plate should be in individuals participating in the coursing and other sporting events. The smallest - among the elderly and leading a passive lifestyle "Maltese".
So that the dog’s food does not fly into astronomical amounts, it is more advisable to mix the meat in cereals, for example, in buckwheat or rice. In summer, it is useful to feed the animal with fruit and vegetable salads in oil or low-fat sour cream. In winter, the deficiency of vitamins and fiber will have to be filled with veterinary complexes, as well as dried seaweed (kelp, fucus). Fat-free cottage cheese, chicken egg (not more than once a week), boiled fish fillet - the products necessary for proper nutrition of a greyhound.
Many foreign and domestic pharaoh dog breeders have opted for industrial feeds. At the same time, it is important to understand that there will be no special savings when switching from a “natural” to a high-quality “drying”. In order for the animal to feel normal and enjoy energetic in the future, you will have to spend money on super-premium and holistic varieties with a high content of animal proteins. It is desirable that the composition of the “drying” included meat, and not by-products of its processing. For example, individual manufacturers recycle leather, feathers, and connective tissue to help increase protein in dry foods. However, such a protein by the body of the “pharaohs” will not be absorbed, which means it will not bring benefits.
Health and Diseases of the Pharaoh Dogs
Pharaoh dogs can be considered long-livers: 15-17 years for the breed is a perfectly attainable age limit. Moreover, even older and much-seen individuals are in no hurry to go into circulation, maintaining a presentable appearance, participating in various exhibitions and acquiring diplomas.
Of the hereditary diseases in pharaoh dogs, dysplasia of the hip joints and dislocation of the patella usually make themselves felt. Pets often suffer from bloating. In this regard, it is important not to overfeed the dog, providing an extremely calm atmosphere in the room where he eats, because in a hurry and agitation, the greyhound swallows air with food, which provokes bloating.
But the breed does not suffer from allergies at all and can freely absorb all products allowed to dogs. The only thing that spoils the life of the “Maltese” a little is their sensitivity to chemicals, therefore, treating the four-legged “Anubis” with fleas and ticks, apply the drug to places that are most inaccessible to the dog’s tongue.
How to choose a puppy
- Ask the seller how often he knits his bitch. In real professionals interested in developing the breed, pharaoh dogs bring offspring no more than once a year.
- An indicator of the normal condition of a small “pharaoh” is folds on the body. If there are none, and the baby's ribs are clearly visible, most likely the animals are underfed.
- In serious nurseries, all manufacturers are tested for dysplasia. If the results of veterinary examinations are not presented when getting acquainted with the litter, it is better not to risk it and choose another breeder.
- Puppies of a pharaoh dog who are under 2.5 months old have a bluish tint of the iris. With age, the eyes will change color to standard amber.
- If you buy a puppy under the age of three months, get ready for hanging ears. In pharaonic dogs, the auricle takes upright position only in the fourth month of life, and sometimes the process needs to be accelerated by gluing the cartilage with a band-aid.
- Mild thickening in the joints in babies of the “pharaoh” is a normal phenomenon, which will disappear as they grow older. But lameness, uncertain gait and slightly twisted limbs are an excuse to refuse a deal.
- A mentally healthy puppy of a Maltese rabbit greyhound should adequately respond to touch. If, taking the animal in your arms, you feel how it is trying to break out and run away, this is a bad sign.
Price of a pharaoh dog
Despite the fact that in Russia there are few kennels engaged in breeding pharaoh dogs and registered RKF, it is better to get puppies in them. Only in this case there is a chance to get a healthy baby with an impeccable pedigree. The standard price tag for small "Anubis" is 45,000 - 50,000 rubles. “Exclusive offers” are a little less common - offspring from parents with interchampion diplomas and grown individuals who have undergone primary training in coursing. The cost of such animals is at least 70,000 - 110,000 rubles, which is due to both the cost of the breeders for the pet and the impeccable exterior of the dog. But seductive ads from unknown sellers who are ready to part with a greyhound for a symbolic 10,000 - 15,000 rubles, it is better to immediately sweep. There is a high probability of raising money for pembrake, or even for a purebred creature, who is diligently disguised as a pharaonic dog.
Characteristics of the breed of the pharaoh dog
|For an apartment:||fits|
|Fits:||for experienced owners|
|FCI (IFF):||Group 5, Section 6|
|Lives:||12 - 15 years old|
|Height:||53 - 63 cm|
|Weight:||18 - 27 kg|
Pharaoh Hound (Malt. "Kelb tal-Fenek") - a greyhound, an ideal assistant for rabbit hunting, an excellent companion, pet and athlete. It is considered one of the oldest breeds in the world, and strangely enough, the dog has not changed much since then, so it was assigned to the group of primitive (purebred dogs). It is quite hardy, on the hunt it can pursue its prey for 5-8 hours in a row at high speed.
There are several versions of the origin of the pharaoh dog. In one of them, of course, Egypt is its homeland, where they appeared more than 2 thousand years BC. Later, the Phoenicians brought them to Malta, where they took root, gave offspring from local dogs and assumed the appearance that has survived until today.
The Maltese, in turn, argue that the homeland of the pharaoh is the Mediterranean (in particular the island of Malta). And the name “Pharaoh Hound” is considered to be incorrect, since the British invented it, apparently referring to their appearance. The breed in a strange way resembles an ancient Egyptian deity - Anubis (guide of the dead to the underworld) with a human body and the head of a dog. And on ancient frescoes and papyri, Anubis is often depicted in the image of a fiery red dog.
The Maltese themselves called it “kelb tal-fenek” and always used to hunt rabbits, since on the island it was the only game that poor peasants were allowed to hunt. True, the knights of the Order of Malta who came and soon imposed a ban on it, which led to the uprising of peasants and priests and went down in history as a “rabbit riot”.
In the early 20s of the XX century, these cuties came to England, but, unfortunately, for some reason the British did not like and did not take root there. And only after 40 years they were appreciated and loved in England and America. In 1977, the first international standard was approved.
Interesting traits are smiling and blushing. And if they smile constantly, then the tips of the ears, rims of the eyes and nose turn red at times of excitement or happiness.
Description of the Pharaoh Hound and ICF Standard
Photo pharaoh dog on a background of the sea
- Origin: Malta.
- Patronage: UK.
- Usage: hunting breed working smell and sight.
- FCI classification: group 5 Spitz and primitive, section 6 Primitive type, Without operational tests.
- General appearance: medium size, graceful, elegant, slim and muscular breed. The lines of the body are clearly delineated.
- Movement: light, fast.
- Behavior / Temperament: affectionate, smart and friendly.
- Build: Strong, muscular.
- Neck: long, muscular, dry, slightly arched. Without suspension.
- Head: wedge-shaped, clearly defined. The skull is elongated, inclined. The forehead is round.
- Stop (transition from forehead to nose): mild.
- Muzzle: long, tapering towards the tip of the nose into a blunt wedge.
- Nose: large, wide nostrils. Flesh-colored nose.
- Ears: large, set high, erect, broad at the base with pointed tips, very mobile.
- Eyes: amber, medium, almond-shaped, set on shallow, widely spaced.
- Jaws / Teeth: Strong, massive with strong teeth. Complete dentition 42 teeth. The scissor bite is correct. The upper jaw closely overlaps the lower.
- Body: the top line is almost flat. The body length is slightly longer than the height at the withers.
Pictured is a pharaoh dog in a side stance
PS .: males should have two fully developed testicles descended into the scrotum.
Color of the pharaoh dog
The pharaoh is completely red, but the standard allows for all shades of red - from tan to chestnut. White marks on the chest, legs, tip of the tail, in the center of the forehead and on the nose are acceptable. Marks on the back of the neck, on the sides or on the back are deviations from the standard and are not allowed.
Caring for a Pharaoh Dog
In the photo, a pharaoh dog runs on water
Caring for a pharaoh dog is not difficult, but mandatory. The breed is short-haired, neat, odorless “dog”. Wool molt; molt is seasonal spring - autumn.
It is necessary to comb the pet 2-3 times a week with a rubber glove or a natural bristle brush. Combing improves blood circulation, removes dust and dead hairs. During molting, the pet's hair will have to be combed out every day, but the apartment will be clean.
Bathe Pharaoh as necessary with baby shampoo, as it is sensitive to chemicals that are present in detergents. In the cold season, bathing can be replaced with dry shampoo (but first do an allergy test). The powder is rubbed into the pet’s fur, then carefully combed out with a brush or comb. After that, the wool can be wiped with a suede cloth to give shine.
Check your eyes regularly. The healthy eyes of the pharaoh without redness and souring. Morning lumps of gray matter in the corner of the eyes are acceptable, because the pharaoh dog is active and runs a lot. Just clean them with a soft cloth. In order to prevent souring, wipe the pet's eyes with a decoction of chamomile once a week. Wipe each eye with a separate cloth without lint (it is better not to use cotton wool).
Ears: inspect and wipe with a cotton pad dipped in warm water. The pharaoh’s auricle is large, open, and any change is easy to notice. If the pet often shakes its head, rubs its ears on the floor, the auricle turns red, you notice an excess of sulfur or discharge with an unpleasant odor, contact your veterinarian immediately. There can be many reasons: food allergies, otitis media, otodectosis, etc. Therefore, do not make a diagnosis yourself, but rather consult your veterinarian.
Otodectosis (ear tick) is a parasite living in the ear canal of a dog. These microscopic insects can appear in dogs at any age, but more often young individuals are affected by the disease, since their immunity is not yet formed.
Winter walk Pharaoh dog - photo on the snow
In order to avoid infection of a pharaoh dog with an ear tick, do not let it play with mongrels, after bathing, thoroughly dry the pet's ears and regularly check the condition of the ears.
After walking, wipe the paws with a damp cloth or rinse with a shower. Paw pads carefully inspect for damage and cracks. Pharaohs are easily injured in the pursuit of prey or simply during the game and do not even notice it, because they are very susceptible to excitement and hunting instincts. To avoid cracks in the paw pads, rub vegetable oil into them and be sure to include this product in the diet (1 tsp per day).
Brush your teeth 3-4 times a week with toothpaste for dogs using a toothbrush or a special nozzle on your finger. To prevent tartar from appearing, include solid food in your pet’s diet, it will cleanse plaque mechanically.
Cut the claws 1 time per month with a claw cutter, smooth the sharp ends with a nail file to avoid burrs. To facilitate the procedure, moisten the paws in warm water, the nails will become softer and it will be easier to cut. It is necessary to accustom a pharaoh dog to hygiene procedures from an early age, so that he would not be afraid and calmly withstand them. After any procedures, be sure to praise the pet and treat your favorite treat. Never scold or hit the dog, but just be patient.
Walking: the pharaohs are active and mobile, so they need active walks with elements of training. You need to walk with them 2 times a day at least (morning-evening) for 1-2 hours. Keep your dog on a leash while walking in the city, as he is a born hunter and reacts to all small moving objects.
Clothing: dogs of this breed have a thin layer of subcutaneous fat, so they freeze in the cold season. They need a jumpsuit on a warm fleece lining in severe frost, raincoat or blanket. A tank top can be knitted or made and an old sweater on their own.
Ticks and fleas: regularly treat your pet with ectoparasites, as they pose a threat not only to his health, but also to life.
- Fleas are carriers of various diseases, roaming from one dog to another, cause itching and anxiety. May cause baldness and even the appearance of worms if the dog swallows a flea while biting.
- Ticks (in particular, ticks) are carriers of the deadly animal disease pyroplasmosis (babesiosis). The disease is seasonal, and ticks are especially active from early spring to the first autumn frosts. Biting an animal, a tick releases into its blood, along with its saliva, a pyroplasm (Piroplasma canis) which actively multiplies in red blood cells and destroys them. In addition, the waste products of pyroplasm are toxic to the body. If an infected dog does not receive proper medical care on time, it will die within 4-5 days.
- Refusal of food, drink
- Pet sluggish almost does not get up
- High body temperature (39-42 degrees)
- Urine reddish brown
- Whites of the eyes turn yellow
- Muscle weakness is observed, legs of the dog give way
- Gastrointestinal tract function impaired (vomiting, diarrhea)
If you notice any symptom of the above, immediately seek help from a veterinarian.
After walking in nature, in the forest, park, carefully inspect the pet's skin for the presence of a tick. If you find a parasite, do not panic, inspect the bite, put on gloves and gently unscrew the tick from the skin with tweezers or a “tick twister” in a circular motion. Treat the place of the bite with an antiseptic and for the next few days observe the health status of the pet.
To date, the market has provided a lot of funds from ectoparasites from different manufacturers and in different forms:
Each of them has a different line of action and a different price, and which one will suit your dog. Before buying, be sure to consult your veterinarian, since dogs of this breed are sensitive to chemicals contained in flea and tick preparations.
Pharaoh dog food
There are two types of food for a pharaoh dog: dry prepared food or natural products. Which one will suit your pet is up to you, but be sure to consult with the breeder from whom you are purchasing the baby, how he will feed his dogs, or consult with a trusted veterinarian.
The advantage of dry food is that it does not need to be cooked, it is convenient to take on a trip and cleaning after such feeding is minimal. True, it is necessary to ensure that the pharaoh dog drank enough water after such a meal. The portion is determined according to the age of the dog and the state of health. If you choose ready-made food, it should be only premium.
Minus the premium feed - it’s not cheap. Of course, the producers write that the feed has all the necessary components for the healthy growth and active life of the dog, but still we don’t know exactly what's inside, so you should choose.
Advantages of natural food - you know exactly how to feed your pet.
Cons - you need to spend time cooking, you have to make the right diet with all the useful and necessary vitamins and minerals, products are also not cheap.
The main rule is never mix dry food and natural food in one feeding, this disrupts the digestive tract of the dog.
- Meat (lamb, beef, turkey, rabbit) - raw, after freezing or doused with boiling water.
- Porridge (rice, buckwheat)
- Vegetable oil (1 tsp per day)
- Eggs 1 time per week (rinse well before serving)
- Dairy products 1% fat
- Skim cheese
- Boneless Sea Fish (Boiled)
- Let’s take care of the chicken and watch for an allergic reaction.
- Big beef raw bones
- Fatty Meat (Pork)
- Smoked meats
- fried food
- Grapes, raisins
- Stuffing is better not to give
The pharaoh’s dog is in good health and quite hardy, however, it should be noted that it is highly sensitive to anesthetics, which is generally a problem for beagle dogs with a low amount of subcutaneous fat. Also, there is a tendency to certain genetic diseases, namely:
- hip dysplasia
- dislocation of the knee joints
- eye problems.