About animals

Doberman - history and standard of the breed, character traits, comparison with the rottweiler, pros and cons


You should not even dream of buying a Doberman if you do not have a garden or any outdoor areawhere he could freely run and exercise. No matter how you try, taking the dog outside at least 6 times a day, in any weather, the dog will still feel that her freedom is too limited. She will not be able, at any time she wants, to go out and do her own business on her own, as dogs usually do. And what will happen if you suddenly become ill and cannot go out with her?

The fence must have a maximum height., the gate must be equipped with a reliable lock, which is out of reach of children who might inadvertently open them and let the dog out into the thick of the road.

Photographer Olga Dulova

Puppies and dogs do not tolerate loneliness when they are left left to their own devices for long hours. They miss, yearn, become noisy and shy. You cannot teach a puppy good manners if you do not correct him in case of a mistake and do not praise him when he behaves properly, and this requires your presence. It is completely unacceptable for the breeder to give the puppy to a house where someone works only in the morning. This situation is not acceptable because, due to the nature of human nature, the dog will not be engaged in physical exercises and, therefore, it will be sufficiently tired even before the family leaves for work in the morning.

In order to deal with a dog in the mornings, a certain willpower and devotion to your friend is required, although perhaps in the summer, when it is light in the morning, this is not a too heavy burden, but in winter it is a real burden. Four hours of work spent in the morning often turn into a six-hour absence at home, because you still have to make purchases.

Never leave a dog in a parked car in the summer., since in the summer, on a hot day, the temperature in the cabin can rise to 40 ° C. A car left at noon in the shade after 45 minutes can be completely flooded with the sun, and your dog has every chance of becoming a victim of heat stroke or even die. Therefore, you must always ensure that there is adequate ventilation for your dog. Remember, animals in such situations panic, trying to escape from the heat source.

Characteristics of the breed Doberman

One of the most popular dog breeds among lovers and special services is the Doberman, a description of the breed of which can be found even in the verses of Sergei Yesenin. The well-known police Doberman Tref, who at the beginning of the 20th century in St. Petersburg helped solve more than 1,500 crimes, also made these pets famous. The breed is considered universal and is often called four-legged aristocrats for the following characteristics:

  1. Tall dogs with a strong and muscular physique without special massiveness look graceful and noble, hence the comparison with people from high society.
  2. Such a dog is very devoted to its owner and his family, ready at any time to come to the rescue.
  3. Loyally treats other familiar people and animals, but has excellent makings of a guard.
  4. These pets have the characters of choleric or sanguine, so they need constant physical activity. Phlegmatic owners can’t cope with such energy.
  5. Dogs are very smart and well trained. They themselves can make the right decisions in a variety of situations, intuitively distinguishing between good and evil.
  6. They have an excellent scent, for which they stand guard over the rule of law in many special services.
  7. The psyche of these dogs with a clean line is balanced, and all the stories about hysteria are related to marriages and improper upbringing of the animal and the aggressive environment in which it lives.
  8. It is also noteworthy how many Dobermans live. The breed is considered to be long-livers, as their average age reaches 16 years, and some individuals survive to 21 years.

History of the Doberman breed

An interesting and not quite ordinary is the history of the origin of the breed:

  1. In the mid-19th century, in the German city of Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, who had changed many professions from a tax collector to a night policeman, he thought about developing a new breed of dog that would meet all the parameters of an excellent service dog.
  2. The breeder selected thoroughbred animals for selection at exhibitions and came to grips with work. What breeds he used is not known for certain, however, dog handlers suggest that they crossed old German pinschers, Basseroni shepherd dogs and Rottweilers. The new breed was originally called the Turin Pinscher.
  3. Another German, Otto Geller, improved the breed. He managed to mitigate the aggression and achieve obedience and obedience from dogs without compromising security and official qualities.
  4. In 1894, after the death of the breeder, the breed was renamed in his honor the Doberman Pincher.
  5. In 1899, the first national club of breed lovers appeared in Germany, after which the Dobermans began to spread throughout the globe.
  6. In 1949, the second word was removed from the breed name, considering it incorrect.
  7. In 1994, the Doberman dog was officially recognized by the International Cynological Association (FCI).

What does a doberman look like?

This breed of dog is easy to distinguish by its outstanding appearance:

  1. Harmonious muscular physique with graceful lines. The height at the withers is approximately equal to the length of the body.
  2. The growth of males is 68-72 cm with a weight of 40-45 kg, and females 63-68 cm with a body weight of about 32-35 kg.
  3. The head is proportional to the body in shape resembles a blunt wedge. The stop is noticeable, but not sharp.
  4. The face is graceful without pronounced cheeks. Scissor bite.
  5. The nose is black or slightly lighter in color depending on the color.
  6. The Doberman dog breed has oval eyes of medium size with a dark color of the iris.
  7. Ears set high, often cropped.
  8. The back and chest are well developed without excessive massiveness.
  9. The tail is set high, very short stop.
  10. Paws straight with well-developed muscles.

Doberman - character

A large number of misconceptions exist around the Doberman character. Professional dog handlers describe the nature of this four-legged man:

  1. In an animal, vivid alertness is vigilant. He is always on the alert because of an innate desire to keep everything under control.
  2. Some believe that the thinking of such dogs is close to human intelligence, from which they are well trained and always remember the lessons learned.
  3. The characteristics of the Doberman breed are unquestioning devotion to the owner and obedience, a wary attitude to strangers. In modern dogs, aggression towards strangers is smoothed out without sacrificing protective qualities.
  4. Such a dog gets along well with children and other animals, considering them to be their own and protecting them in every way.
  5. The dog has a difficult disposition, which can be controlled by a balanced and endowed with certain knowledge owner. Such a dog cannot be brought up by methods of terror or intimidation, because he himself can distinguish between bad and good.

Doberman colors

A feature of the breed is short, smooth and thick coat, hard to the touch. It is evenly distributed and tightly attached to the body without undercoat. Color can be:

  • black,

Other nuances of colors include:

  1. Mandatory presence with a clearly distinguishable border of rust-red tan on certain parts of the body.
  2. Long or wavy hair, the presence of bald patches and white pyatines, as well as white Doberman, are considered defective. Such individuals are not allowed in exhibitions and breeding.

Who is stronger Doberman or Rottweiler?

Often this breed of dog is compared with the Rottweiler in terms of protective properties. It should be borne in mind that the Doberman Pinscher was allegedly bred on the basis of the Rottweiler. At the time of the bout, both breeds have the same chance of winning due to certain characteristics:

  1. The Rottweiler is slightly smaller, but more massive than the Doberman, has massive jaws that are compressed with a stranglehold.
  2. Four-legged aristocrats are more agile, nimble and agile. They have a sharper mind, helping them to calculate their actions.

Pros and Cons of Doberman

This German breed has both its fans and opponents. The former cite the following arguments for the Dobermans:

  1. Universality. A Doberman puppy can be taken to security services for search and rescue operations, and can be given to a sick child or person with visual impairments as a family.
  2. Devotion to the owner, who initially set himself up as a calm and confident leader.
  3. High level of intelligence. These dogs are considered one of the most intelligent among four-legged dogs.
  4. Stamina and strong temper.

The disadvantages of the breed include:

  1. The price, in fact, knowing how much the Doberman costs, it is clear that not everyone can afford such a pet. Pay for a puppy depending on the class will have from $ 235 to 860.
  2. Stubbornness and self-will, from which only strong spirit and charismatic owners, born leaders can control the breed.
  3. The need for regular intense physical exertion, which only the owner with an active lifestyle will cope with.

Doberman maintenance in the apartment

This breed perfectly coexists in a family with young children and other animals, both in a country house with its own aviary, and in an ordinary city apartment. Short, smooth hair does not cause much trouble, and proper upbringing and socialization will help the dog not to spoil furniture and home decoration. The only feature that the Doberman has in the apartment is the increased need for walking. With such a dog you have to walk at least 2 times daily. One of the walks should have intense physical activity and outdoor games.

Doberman Care

Doberman Pinscher's specialized care needs are minimal:

  1. They bathe the dog no more than 2-3 times a year. Doberman is very neat by nature, so after walking the dog you just need to wipe the coat and paws with a damp cloth.
  2. Comb your pets weekly with a special stiff brush.
  3. The ears and eyes of the animal are regularly inspected and, if necessary, wiped with a cotton swab dipped in warm water.
  4. Claws independently grind during walks or are cut with special forceps as necessary.
  5. It is important to keep all household items: toys, bowls and animal bedding clean.
  6. In winter, for walking, the pet needs to purchase clothes, because due to the lack of undercoat, the animal can freeze and get sick. Lack of walking due to bad weather is unacceptable.

How to feed a doberman?

Massive torso and daily physical exertion of the pet require the owner to properly organize the diet:

  1. Any brown Doberman, like dogs of other shades, can be fed with dry feed. These should be special quality compounds not lower than the premium class for large breeds of athletic dogs. For example, Purina PRO PLAN Large Athletic, the corresponding lines of the brands Royal Canin, Hill’s, Acana and others.
  2. Such a dog can be fed with natural food. Most of the plate should be occupied by lean meats, preferably veal. Every day, the diet should have boiled vegetables (carrots, cabbage, zucchini) and cereals (except semolina and pearl barley), eggs, low-fat sour-milk products and boneless sea fish.

Stopping Doberman's Ears

Initially, the procedure for stopping the ears was carried out by fighting and hunting dogs in order to eliminate vulnerabilities in front of the opponent. Nowadays, the reasons why Dobermans get their ears cropped have changed a bit. Many breeders believe that this operation is carried out in therapeutic units, although many zoodefenders deny this. Puppies under the age of 7 days or 5-8 weeks already under anesthesia undergo an operation to change the shape of the ears for:

  1. Avoidance of ulcers and necrosis of the ear tissues.
  2. Reducing the likelihood of developing neoplasms and getting injured while walking.
  3. Reducing possible infections and the harmful effects of possible foreign bodies.

Clothing for Doberman

It has already been said that it is necessary to walk a pet daily in any weather. Due to the lack of undercoat, Doberman albino and a pet of a different color can get frostbite and various inflammations of the respiratory organs and muscle tissues, so buying clothes for that pet is not a whim, but a necessity. Doberman's wardrobe should have:

  1. Warm winter jumpsuit or warm multi-layer suit.
  2. Autumn vest or jacket with synthetic winterizer for cool weather.
  3. Raincoat.
  4. Shoes for walking in the rain and frost.

Doberman Training

All myths about the aggressiveness of the breed and its unbalanced psyche arise due to the fact that the owners do not pay due attention to the education and training of pets or use harsh and cruel methods for this. Proper dog training should include:

  1. Gaining authority in a dog and positioning the owner as a leader. The pet will never fulfill the commands of a person whom he does not respect.
  2. Consistency and systematic action. These pets are very smart and quickly trained, but giving the slack and indulging the whims of the dog is not worth it.
  3. Promotions and goodies. Chocolate Doberman understands the “gingerbread” method much faster, when he is encouraged by treats or a sweet word for the right actions.
  4. Exclusion of any physical and moral violence. The pet either ceases to respect the owner, or harbors malice and splashes it out once.
  5. You can teach elementary necessary puppy commands yourself, but a full-fledged training course is best left to professional dog handlers.

Breeds similar to Doberman

There are several breeds that ordinary inhabitants can confuse with a Doberman. These include:

  1. German pinscher. It is believed that the black Doberman also came from this breed.

Nicknames for Dobermans

After the pet appears in the house, it is important to choose the right name for it. It should be sonorous and simple, like all family members and not repeat their names or main commands. You can notice the features of appearance, habits or character traits of the pet. The Doberman breed is famous for its charisma and aristocracy, from which you can also build on. Nicknames suitable for males:


Dobermans were bred in Germany, on the territory of Thuringia in the second half of the 19th century. The breed is named after its founder, Frederick Karl L. Dobermann, who served as a tax collector in Apold. To fulfill his duties, Dobermann needed a reliable assistant, and he thought about creating a breed of dogs exclusively for official purposes. To breed a new breed, the breeder crossed a German Pinscher with a Rottweiler, a German Shepherd and a Manchester Terrier. The blood of hounds and dogs also flows in the blood of Dobermans.

Initially, this breed was known as the Thuringian Pinscher and Dobermann Pinscher. At the beginning of the 20th century. its standards were recognized, and a little later, in the middle of the 20th century, it acquired its modern name.

The life expectancy of a Doberman is 10-13 years.

Sizes and weight. Appearance

According to the standards approved in 2015, the height for the male Doberman at the withers should be 68–72 cm, for the female 63–68 cm. The admissible weight of the male is 40–45 kg, and the female 33–35 kg.

Dobermans are strong and at the same time graceful dogs with proportional physique and dry constitution. At the same time, they have developed muscles and a wide bone. The head is not large, with a long and narrow muzzle and an undeveloped forehead. The eyes are small, the ears are set high. The Dobermans neck is not very long, the withers are high. These dogs have a developed, deep and rounded chest, a straight, strong back and a slightly lowered croup. The abdominal wall of the Dobermans should be tightened. The forelegs with a wide bone, strong, are located at right angles to the body, the hind limbs have developed muscles and are slightly set aside. Currently, the tail and ears of the Dobermans do not stop.

The main part of Dobermans nurseries is located in Moscow, the Moscow region and St. Petersburg. Before you buy a puppy, we recommend that you consult with the breeder, clarify the price and pedigree information of your future pet.

The main color of Dobermans is black or brown with brown-red tints. The coat is short, stiff, fits snugly to the body, the undercoat is not developed.

Character and habits

Dobermans have a complex character, which is due to the fact that the selection of dogs during selection was carried out taking into account working qualities. The exterior and habits of the Dobermans are aimed at serving. The sense of smell is very developed, so representatives of this breed work well on the trail. They are very energetic, active, well tolerate high physical and informational loads. Animals with a strong nervous system are balanced, perfectly subordinate and devoted to the owner, adequately respond to stimuli. Dobermans are excellent guards, watchmen, bloodhounds and companions. Dobermans with a weak nervous system are cowardly, can be aggressive and dangerous to others. Therefore, it is better to take the puppy in the kennel from parents with a balanced character and a strong nervous system.

Dobermans need a spacious room - it is difficult for them to be in a small apartment without long active walks.

To educate an obedient Doberman requires his socialization from an early age, constant training and high physical activity.

Dobermans are unpretentious in grooming: the short coat of these dogs does not require frequent washing. It is necessary to comb out the animal once a week with a special brush and wipe it with a damp towel. For walks in the cold season, it is recommended to use overalls.

An important procedure is also a weekly examination and cleaning of the ears, as well as examination of the teeth and oral cavity of the pet.

The short Doberman coat does not require frequent washing. To remove dead hair, the dog must be wiped with a cloth or a soft brush. For walks in the cold season, you need to use overalls.

Disease susceptibility

In general, Dobermans have good health. The most common pathology is dilated cardiomyopathy and cardiac arrhythmias, often elbow dysplasia, osteopathy, coagulopathy, Wobbler syndrome, hypothyroidism, epilepsy.

Due to their high mobility, Dobermans are prone to injuries of the musculoskeletal system, cut and stab wounds. In adult Dobermans, gastric inversion, oncological diseases are found.

It is important to remember that compliance with the conditions of Doberman, as well as preventive veterinary examinations from an early age, impede the development of many diseases.

Feeding advice

Due to the physique and level of activity, Dobermans are not suitable for everyday food for ordinary dogs. Athletic build and high activity require increased energy expenditures and, accordingly, a diet high in calories. Purina® PRO PLAN® Large Puppy Athletic full-dry dry food for large breed puppies with athletic physique meets these conditions, and Purina® PRO PLAN® Large Adult Athletic with OPTIBALANCE® for adult dogs. This food not only provides the dog with the necessary energy, but also supports the health of the dentition, joints and improves digestion.