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British Pointing Dog Quartet - Setter Dog: Description and Characteristics of Breed Species


Translation from English N. Drovosekova (FCI judge)
SKK-FCI expert on all dog breeds (Inter CACIB allrounder),
CCM Vice President of Public Relations,
magazine editor
"My dog"

CstandardFCI№ 6 / 25.09.1998

Origin: UK.

Date of publication of the current standard: 06/14/1987

Application: Pointing Dog.


Group 7. Pointing dogs.

Section 2.2. British and Irish pointers and setters, setters.

With working tests.


Stylish dog adapted for gallop. The structure corresponds to a hunter with heavy luggage. Absolutely symmetric addition ..


Smart, capable and self-respecting. Brave, friendly, kindly balanced disposition.


Rather deep than wide. The length from the occipital tuber to the foot is longer than from the stop to the nose. Dry under and over the eyes.

Skull: slightly rounded, the widest - between the ears. Wider than the muzzle, roomy.

The transition from the forehead to the muzzle (stop): well defined.

Nose: large, wide, open nostrils and black.

Muzzle: long, almost parallel lines, never pointed or narrowed. The muzzle is almost the same depth as the length.

Bryly: not saggy, with a beautifully defined lip.

Jaws and teeth: the jaws are strong with a beautiful, regular and full scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth are firmly located on top of the lower teeth and stand vertically in the jaws.

Cheekbones: as narrow as dry head allows.

Eyes: dark brown, shiny. They are not set too deep and not convex, located in moderation under the eyebrows and demonstrate an interested, intelligent expression.

Ears: medium sized, thin. Low set, tight to the head.


Long, dry, curved, without suspension.


Loin: wide, slightly convex.

Chest: nor too wide. The sternum is deep, the ribs are well bent. False ribs are long.


Straight or saber-shaped, does not fall below the hock. It is held horizontally or below the back line. Thick at the base, tapering towards the end. The gimbal (feather), starting near the base of the tail, is long, straight, shorter towards the end of the tail.


Forelegs with flat bones, straight, strong.

Shoulders: scapulae long, well inclined, with a wide flat bone, approaching at the withers, not loaded.

Elbows: located under the body and tightly pressed to it.

From the thigh to the hock, they are long, wide and muscular. From the hock to the heel are short, strong. From the hock to the ground straight. The pelvic bones are almost horizontal.

Knees: with pronounced angles.

Oval, arched fingers, tightly assembled, with an abundance of wool between them. Well-developed finger pads, deep heel pads.


Equal, free and regular, with an effective push of the hind limbs.


On the head, the front of the legs, the ends of the ears are short and thin, of moderate length, adjacent, not curly and not wavy on all other parts of the body. The dressing hair on the upper part of the ears is long and silky, on the back of the legs is long, thin, even and straight, the suspension on the stomach can continue on the chest and throat. As far as possible, hair without curls and not wavy.

Deep, shiny, coal-black, without a brown tint, with chestnut-red markings (tan). Black strokes on the fingers and black strokes on the lower jaw are acceptable.

- two clear spots above the eyes no more than 2 cm (3/4 inch) in diameter,

- on the sides of the muzzle, tan marks do not extend above the base of the nose, resembling a strip along the clearly defined border of the muzzle, passing from one side to the other,

- on the throat, as well as two large clear spots on the chest,

- on the inside of the hind legs and hips, appearing in front below the knees and on the outside of the hind limbs from the hock to the fingers,

- on the front legs from the back of the fingers up to the elbows and in front to the wrists or slightly higher,

A very small white spot on the chest is allowed. No other color is acceptable.


Height at the withers: males 66 cm (26 inches), females 62 cm (24.5 inches).

Weight: males 29.5 kg (65 pounds), females 25.5 kg (56 pounds).


Any deviation from the above points should be considered as a defect or vice depending on the severity and punished in proportion to the degree of deviation and impact on the health and well-being of the dog.

Any dog ​​with physical or mental disabilities should be disqualified.

Note: males should have two developed testes fully descended into the scrotum.

Character, abilities, skills

Properties that combine all four setter dog breeds:

  1. Talented, reliable gun dogs.
  2. Smart and confident.
  3. Friendly and outgoing.
  4. They get along well with people, but they can come into conflict with dogs.
  5. Not suitable for the role of watchman.

These are first-class gun dogs, silently following the trail, created to search for game birds.

Are needed jogging for at least an hour daily to maintain physical fitness. The setter dog loves long walks in the fresh air, can carry out the owner’s commands, sometimes with reluctance.

They need constant training, especially intellectually. Characteristics of a dog setter say that without proper training he can grow up wayward and unresponsive to commands. If you use force in education, you will not be able to get a good-natured and obedient adult assistant.

With a small child, it is better not to leave the pet alone. But on the other hand, dogs of this breed They love to play with children and protect them.

By virtue of its natural instinct may behave inappropriately on the street in relation to birds and rodents.

They are not suitable as a watchman - they love everyone in the world!

Historical reference

The Scottish Gordon Setter is bred in Scotland. The breed was based on the old English black and tan point dogs with the addition of the blood of Spanish marriages and brown water spaniels. Cultivated on the estate of the Duke of Gordon. From here came the first name of the breed - proud. For the first time, the exterior of the setter is described in 1655. Scottish setters as a separate breed finally formed by the middle of the XIX century and in the 60s of the same century came to Russia. From here spread to the current territories of Ukraine, European Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan.

Abilities, hunting qualities and work style

The Scottish setter is a dog of a calm, soft nature, hardy at work, obedient, not evil, early and easy to get to work. It is very convenient for hunting in overgrown hummock swamps, it is also used in swamp, forest and steppe game. Does not go far from the hunter, tireless in search.
The manner of movement in the field is a moderately passionate search with a heavy, rather fast gallop. When searching, he keeps his head high - the upper flair is characteristic. The pulling behavior is calm, with a slight wagging tail. The stand is distinct, balanced, calm, rational, sometimes with an eye on the approaching hunter. The head is at the level of the withers, the tail is half-empty. The dog is very hardy, tirelessly working in any weather.


Only careful grooming of the pet will allow you to achieve a beautiful appearance of the dog. If you don’t want the dog’s hair to be around the house, you’ll have to comb out your pet regularly. Representatives of the show class will have to comb out daily. During molting, this rule applies to all dogs.

Bathing should not be frequentotherwise, you will wash the dog’s natural lubricant with detergents. If there is slush on the street, it is recommended to wear it on a special jumpsuit, so you will protect the wool and your apartment from pollution. If your pet does not participate in shows and exhibitions, then it can be cut in the abdomen and ears.

Watch your pet's ears, as this breed is prone to otitis media. Once a week clean the ear shells of excess sulfur and dirt. Eyes are also cleared as needed.

Setters eat both special feeds and homemade food. Feed must be of high quality.If the dog eats ordinary food, then supplement it with special vitamins and minerals. Gradually accustom your pet to two meals a day.

And yet, representatives of the breed drink a lot of water, this is partly due to their thick coat, so always take a bottle of water with you for a walk.

Setter is in good health.

Diseases to which there is a tendency - hip dysplasia, otitis media. How long does the setter live? With an appropriate level of maintenance, they delight the owner of 10-12 years.

The main features of the breed

Scottish setter - the dog is taller than average height, powerful, slightly high front (especially males), with a massive, but not coarse skeleton, well-developed muscles, a relatively massive head, free wide movements. The head carries high. The look is lively, attentive. The type of constitution is strong. The nature (type) of behavior is very balanced, agile, energetic. The attitude towards the owner is faithful and affectionate. The height at the withers of males is 63-69 cm, bitches - 59-65 cm. The index of elongation of males is 101-105, bitches - 103-107.
Disadvantages: the height at the withers is more than the specified up to 2 cm, a very dry or very rough constitution.
Vices: height at withers less than indicated, height at withers 2 cm greater than indicated, cowardice, viciousness.

Pros and cons, puppy cost

Advantages breeds:

  1. Friendly
  2. Smart and smart.
  3. Unpretentious in food.
  4. They are distinguished by delicacy and practically do not bark.

TO disadvantages include:

  1. Shed constantly, and not like other breeds by season. Therefore, you will have to constantly sweep a pile of wool from the house. At times, combing the dog is recommended on the street.
  2. Get ready for long walks - they love long hiking trails.
  3. Not everyone manages to keep the setter on a leash. Especially if the pet noticed a small bird or mouse in the yard.
  4. Not suitable for the role of watchman.
  5. Need with constant physical exertion and training.

Get your puppy from trusted breeders or in a special kennel.

If we talk about Russia, then there is national club of the english setter. The average price of a thoroughbred puppy varies within 20-70 thousand rubles.

When purchasing a Setter dog, remember that this is primarily a hunting breed. Therefore, if possible, create the opportunity for your pet to hunt game. In addition, they are very love water treatments. It will be great if there is a small pond where the pet lives, where the pet can plunge on a hot day.

Additionally, check out a short video that describes the Irish Setter breed:

Breed description

Color (suit) black with a brilliant bluish tint of the raven wing type and clearly limited bright red-red tan marks. The tan marks are located on the eyebrows, the inner surface of the ears, muzzle, under the cheekbones and lower jaw, on the lips, on the chest, often in the form of two small triangles connected by vertices. On the forelimbs, tan marks go along the inner side of the forearms, going beyond the edge of the tow, and from the wrists to the ends of the paws. On the hind limbs, tan marks go along the inner sides of the thighs and legs, going behind the rim of the back, covering the metatarsus (front) and paws (black on the back of the metatarsus). The tan marks form a spot under the base of the tail and can capture almost half of the underside of the tail. Small white marks on the chest under the neck, black strokes or a small amount of white hair on the fingers are acceptable.
Disadvantages: brownish or bronze tint of the main black color, pale yellow, brown or smeared with black, as well as unsharp tan marks, a large white spot on the chest, white hair in the tubercles of the hind limbs.
Vices: brown-red basic color, lack of tan marks, white marks on places not provided for by the standard.

Dog (wool) on the neck, back, sides, croup is long, thick, soft, straight or slightly wavy. On the head and front side of the limbs, the coat is short and tight. Let's say on the crown “cap” of elongated hair. On the ears, in the lower chest and abdomen, on the back of the front and hind limbs, the coat is longer, thicker than on the body, and forms tows. On the underside of the tail, just below its base, the same coat forms a suspension, longer to the middle of the tail and shortened to the end.
Disadvantages: very wavy, curly, stiff dog, poorly developed restroom dog.
Vices: very soft, falling down into the felt dog.

Skin, muscle and skeleton. The skin is dense, not thick, elastic, without wrinkles and wrinkles. The muscles are well developed. The backbone is strong and powerful.

Head massive but dry. The parietal part is voluminous. The forehead is slightly rounded, divided by a longitudinal groove. The parietal part is wide, with a pronounced occipital protuberance (falcon). The superciliary arches protrude and are well defined. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle (fracture) is pronounced.
Disadvantages: broad head, cheekbones, mild fracture (transition from forehead to muzzle).
Vices: narrow head, domed parietal part, lack of fracture.

Muzzle dry, broad, not short, hardly tapering to the nose.
Disadvantages: narrow, islandy, short, upturned, hunchbacked muzzle.
Vice: sharp face.

Lobe the nose is large, black, shiny.
Vices: brown, fully or partially depigmented nose.

Lips black ones. Dry upper lip fits tightly to the jaw, rectangular in shape, with a slight cut of the lower corner. In bitches, this section is more gentle than in males. Slight drooping of the corners of the mouth is allowed.

The ears hanging, soft, wide, long, rounded, adjacent to the head. Set slightly above eye level. When alert, the front edge of the ears should not be separated from the cheekbones. The outer side of the ears is dressed (covered) with silky long wavy drooping hair.
Disadvantages: short, triangular, poorly dressed, very high set, protruding ears.
Vices: ears below eye level, ears on cartilage, ears in a tube.

Eyes dark brown, large, with a rounded section of the eyelids, directly set.
Disadvantages: eyes are small, sunken, with a slightly oblique section of the eyelids.
Vices: obliquely set eyes, yellow or green eyes, eyes with an oval section of the eyelids, immature (swollen), saggy eyelids.

Teeth and bite. The teeth are white, large, tightly adjacent to each other. Scissor bite.
Disadvantages: small teeth, at least one oblique discoloration, abrasion of incisors to a direct bite (up to six years).
Vices: all deviations from the scissor bite, direct bite (up to six years), lack of incisors.

Neck dry, powerful, long, high set at an angle of 45-50 ° to the back line.
Disadvantages: short, loaded, low set neck.
Vices: very short neck, neck with a suspension.

Withers well developed, sharply protrudes above the line of the back.
Disadvantage: poorly developed withers.

Back straight, moderately long, muscular.
Disadvantages: soft, slightly hunchbacked back.
Vices: sagging or hunchbacked back.

Loin short, muscular, slightly convex.
Disadvantages: long, straight lower back.

Croup broad, long, convex, muscular, slightly sloping.
Disadvantages: horizontal, narrow, beveled croup.
Vice: sharply slanted croup.

Chest wide and moderately deep. The ribs are quite steeply curved, reaching the elbows. False ribs are well developed and create a smooth transition from chest to stomach.
Disadvantages: strongly protruding breastbone, poorly developed false ribs, open chest.
Vices: flat or small (small) chest, ribs noticeably reach the elbows.

Stomach moderately selected, without sharp undermining.
Disadvantage: pronounced undermining of the abdomen.

Forelimbs dry, massive, muscular. Seen from the front, straight and parallel. Elbows are directed strictly back. The angle of the shoulder-joint is not more than 100 °. The forearms are strong, powerful, long, oval in cross section. Metacarpus short, slightly sloping.
Disadvantages: straight shoulders, slightly curved forearms, twisted elbows, straight set or overly inclined metacarpals, mark out limbs.
Vices: the same deviations, but more pronounced.

Hind limbs dry, massive, muscular. Seen from behind, wide set, straight and parallel. Seen from the side with well-defined angles of joints. The hips and legs are long. Metatarsus is not long, in a calm stance the dogs are almost sheer.
Disadvantages: indistinct angles of articulation of the joints, very close or inverted hock joints, saber.
Vices: the same deviations, but more pronounced.

Paws large, dry, rounded or elongated, with tightly clenched fingers. Between the fingers a brush of thick elongated wool.
Disadvantages: loose, flat paws, razmet, clubfoot.
Vices: the same deviations, but more pronounced.

Feather (tail) direct or slightly saber-like, mobile. The dog holds him no higher than the back. It reaches the hock lengthwise.
Disadvantages: a slightly curved tail, a very short or elongated tail, a tail with curly or felted hair, a low-set tail.
Vices: tail crocheted, pushed to the side, broken, bent tail on the back.