The first curly-haired cat with long hair appeared in the family of Coehles, farmers living in Dallas, with the most ordinary cat, a mouse hunter. True, the future curl was born completely without wool. On her skin she had only strips resembling a tattoo, and a curled tendril adorned her muzzle. The baby's torso seemed a little longer than that of an ordinary kitten.
The owners of the cat decided to watch what happens with the unusual kitten next. They felt that such a hairless baby had little chance of survival. However, six weeks later, the kitten's body began to become covered with short, curly hair. The kitty (it was a girl) grew, her hair still curled and became more thick and silky. Curly baby got the name Curly.
She also lived on a farm and, thanks to her wonderful character, became a universal favorite. When her kittens began to appear, many of them had the fur coat decorated with the same curls as Curly. Guests who sometimes visited the farm were surprised at their appearance, which was different from the well-known cat breeds.
When it became clear that in the litters of the descendants of the first curly kitty, kittens with the same unusual hair began to appear systematically, and having been born from different manufacturers, Linda Cohl decided to show her cats to specialists. She went with them to an exhibition in Portland.
Four, housed in cages, cats, surrounded by a curious and admiring crowd of spectators, and the judges advised her to engage in the development of the breed. She turned to other breeders and geneticists for help. Having received the necessary knowledge, Linda founded her own kennel Kloshe Cattery and started breeding work. The breed standard was written and Linda Coahl began to seek recognition for the new breed.
This process lasted for ten years. Only in 2002, TICA recognized the existence of a new breed of cats - laperma. It took almost another ten years that the laperms were recognized by other international associations of the world.
Description of the Laperm breed
External features of laperma:
- There are no other breeds having such a long curly wool. However, there are representatives of the Laperma breed, having a half-length and even short hair. Individuals with shorter hair look tidier, since the curls on their fur coat hold their shape better. The appearance of the curls largely depends on the age and sex of the cat, and whether it was neutered.
- Lapermov is classified as an average cat the size with well developed musculature.
- Muzzle they have an elongated, and the general appearance of the head is elegant, wedge-shaped with soft contours.
- Decorate the head wide and high set ears of medium size.
- Eyes large, slightly slanted, there are no restrictions on their color.
- Torso slightly elongated, the length of the limbs corresponds to the length of the body.
- Paws in laperma graceful - small and compact.
- Tail deserves special attention, since it is decorated with even longer and curly hair than on the body.
- Color these cats are so diverse that it is impossible to list all the colors encountered.
The sociability of the laperma amazes everyone who happened to be in the family where this wonderful cat settled. Even if the guest is the first time in the house, but has paid a little attention to the little curly pet, the cat will ask for a hand, get it to be stroked and even try to kiss!
Cat breed Lapermo photo
The laperma has absolutely no sense of jealousy, and the cat herself loves absolutely everyone, without exception. They get along well with any of the pets, without making a distinction between cats and dogs. If the family has small children, then the lapermi have unlimited love for them.
They love it when they play with them, but as soon as possible they climb to their knees and sit there while they are allowed to. With pleasure climb on shoulders. Finding this place suitable for viewing the world. The curious nature of cats makes them follow the owner throughout the house to personally see what he is doing. Laperm will never move away from a person if he will talk to him and stroke. In this case, the cat will also cast its low voice, obviously expressing its opinion.
- Breed Name: Laperm
- Country of origin: USA
- Weight: 2 - 6 kg
- Life span: 15 - 17 years old
Laperm - The breed of domestic cats with unusual hair, which can be simply wavy, can curl with ringlets or curl into elastic curls. Among the representatives of the breed, there are both long-haired and short-haired cats, and they can be of different colors. By their nature, the laperma are friendly, get along well with both adults and children. The name comes from the English. perm (permanent) - perm.
When rats attacked Koehl’s spouse farm in Oregon, the owners decided to have cats. Soon, one of them gave birth to an unusual kitten. At first he was completely bald, but then unusual fluffy curls began to appear. The kitten turned into a beautiful cat, which had offspring with the same original coat. Farmers at the beginning were very far from breeding, but when they realized that their pets were special, they became interested in genetics.
Laperma came from the USA to Europe, Japan, Australia, and South Africa. The breed standard was officially recognized in 1997.
Laperm health and care
Laperma kittens photo
Since this breed was born without human intervention, and its special appearance is the result of a natural mutation, these cats did not have any diseases characteristic of laperma. There is one peculiarity that should be known to those who acquire laperma to participate in exhibitions, that is, a show class.
The final formation of the coat for this breed occurs no earlier than six months of age, so you should not buy younger kittens. A straight-haired kitten may acquire a curly fur coat, or may remain straight-haired. There are times when this period is delayed up to a year. At this time, the cat may lose almost all hair, but then it grows even better quality.
Since the coat at the laperma molts, they must be combed out. It is better to carry out this procedure a couple of times a week. Once a week, you should take time to clean your ears. Some experts advise cats to cut their claws, but this is hardly necessary if the cat is accustomed to clawing.
- Color: any.
- Coat: elastic, long or medium, shiny, rings or wavy, there is no thin undercoat.
- Eyes: almond-shaped, large, very expressive, any color (regardless of coat color).
- Tail: long, tapering to the tip, well lowered, its hair resembles a sheep fleece.
- cat and cat
- on the bed,
- absolutely baby
Description of cats Laperma
In shape, the head of cats of the Laperm breed is reminiscent of a triangle with softly rounded corners. The wide muzzle ends with a strong and strong chin. Mustache pads have rounded outlines. The vibrissae themselves are quite long and flexible.
Below the line of the eyes there is a small depression to the nose, which can be found by palpation. Further to the tip of the nose, the profile is straight. The forehead of cats is flat.
They can be medium or large. The shape is cupped and wide. Auricles have slight pubescence on the inside. The ears of long-haired individuals are decorated with tassels at the tips.
Cats of lapermi have wide apart eyes in the form of almonds with a slight inclination towards the base of the ears. In a state of alertness, the eyes in animals are rounded. The color palette of the iris is very diverse and does not correlate with coat color. Pets can have blue, blue, green, yellow, copper eyes. The standard also allows eyes of different colors.
The body is medium in size, the skeleton is of medium thickness or slightly thinner. With a balanced physique cats laperm are larger than cats. This affects weight: the mass of males can reach 5 kg, and females - only 4 kg.
The croup is just above the shoulder girdle. The tail of all members of the breed is proportional to the body and gently tapers toward the tip.
Paws are medium in length, but the front is slightly shorter than the rear. When looking at a pet, it seems that he is walking on outstretched legs. Paw pads are rounded.
Characteristic kinkiness is not immediately apparent in cats of the Laperma breed, but, as already noted, by four or six months. Prior to this, kittens live either completely without hair or with straight hair, and then molt and become curly. At the same time, adult cats can change their appearance: lose a fur coat and then again grow in curls.
As for the color, length of the hairs and the degree of their curl, these qualities may differ among different representatives of the breed. The standard allows both long-haired and short-haired varieties. All cats have light, springy hair that can be wavy or curly. The strongest curls grow in cats on the stomach, near the ears and on the neck.
The color of la perm can be the most diverse. Specialists count more than 30 color variations. The most basic and common are the following:
In all variants, except black, animals have paw pads and a pink nose. In black-colored cats, these parts of the body are of the same coal shade.
Characteristics of the cats of laperma
The main feature of La Perm pets is affection for the owner. Animals adore human society. They express their love and appreciation through touch and purring. An affectionate cat prefers to sit on her arms or climb onto her shoulders and chest. At the same time, the animal can gently touch the human face with the paw, thereby expressing its infinite love.
Most pets have a quiet voice, although sometimes they can increase intonation, requiring attention. But this call will never be too loud and annoying. A cat of the Laperm breed lively responds to its nickname and readily resorts to the call.
While in the house, cats show agility and resourcefulness - they are active rodent hunters. Perhaps this quality they inherited from their ancestors who lived in semi-natural conditions on an American farm.
If children grow up in a family, then laperma kittens will be desired by its members. Pets of this breed willingly show a desire to play and with respect, always behave calmly and benevolently. This trait manifests itself in cohabitation with other pets in the house.
Kotofey often show ingenuity and mind. This can be expressed not only in quick accustoming to the tray, but also in the ability to open doors, drawers, boxes and other closed items. Curiosity and mobility often lead curly pets to high shelves and cabinets. Therefore, if lapermo cats live in the house, it is recommended to remove all expensive and breakable objects from the upper shelves.
Care and maintenance of the laperma
To maintain the unusual curl of pets, it is necessary to comb the hair once every seven days. Otherwise, numerous mats are formed in the coat. Combs and combs with rare teeth are used for this procedure.
It is also useful to bathe cats periodically. After washing, it is not recommended to use a hair dryer or other methods of drying the coat. It must dry naturally - this is a guarantee of the stability of curls on the body of animals. Laperma cats are classified as non-allergenic pets. This valuable quality is due to the lack of thick undercoat.
If a kitten of the Lapermis breed appears in the house, then you should take care of its health from the first days. As for feeding, it is no different from the nutrition of cats of other breeds and includes the usual products: meat, fish, milk, cereals. The most convenient option is to use high quality finished feed.
Laperm breed diseases
Thoroughbred laperma live up to 15 years.
The high age bar is explained by good health and the absence of any genetic diseases that aggravate the existence of animals. Throughout life, cats and cats of the Laperma breed can pick up any infectious diseases characteristic of cats. Therefore, they need routine vaccinations and regular examinations in the veterinary office.
Conclusions about Laperma
The most popular curly charm acquired in the United States, Japan and Australia. On the territory of Russia, the cat lapper appeared for the first time in 2002. Since that time, the audience of fans of beautiful pet has expanded significantly.
Currently, it is not difficult to buy a laperma kitten in a kennel in Russia.
Non-standard breed in a very short time has found a huge number of connoisseurs. Cats are loved for their sophisticated appearance, devotion, tenderness, willingness to “listen” and “console”. Curly beauties and beauties rightly use the title of pets. In response to this, they thank people with their affection and attention.
Description and Features
The Cat Loving Association (FCI) dates the latest edition of the standard in 2014. He accurately describes what should be cat laperm. Important points of the document:
- General information. The laperm breed is the result of a natural mutation. Cats are not large, with curly hair. They can be long-haired and short-haired. All colors of hair and eyes are acceptable, their combination is not limited. The structure of the body, the ratio of its parts is harmonious. Moves on high legs. Females are slightly smaller than cats. Complete readiness for breeding cat laperm reaches by 2-3 years. Cats grow up earlier.
- Head. When viewed from above, it is wedge-shaped with rounded corners.
- Muzzle. Wide, round. Convex, rounded mustache pads stand out. The mustache itself is long, flexible. The chin is strong, firm. From the tip of the nose down is a clearly visible vertical strip.
- Profile. A small nose bridge, just below the line of the eyes. Next is a straight shelf to the nose, after which the profile line goes down. The forehead is flat to the top of the head. The occipital part smoothly passes into the neck.
- The ears. Deviated from the vertical, continue the lateral lines of the head, forming the main wedge. The auricles are cup-shaped, extended to the base. May be medium or large. In long-haired cats, brushes are desirable, like in a lynx. Shorthair this accessory is optional.
- Eyes. Expressive, medium sized. In a calm state, they are almond-shaped, with squinting. With alertness, the eyes open wide, take a rounded shape. Arranged moderately wide. The axes of the eyes are inclined relative to the line connecting the base of the auricles. Color is not associated with the pattern, coat color.
- Torso. Moderate in size with no rough, medium bones. The back line is straight, tilted forward. Hips slightly above shoulders.
- Neck. A straight, medium length, combined with the length of the body.
- Limbs. Medium length, proportionate to body length. The hind limbs are slightly longer or equal to the front.
- Tail. Long, but not excessively, tapering from root to end.
- Longhair. Hair length is medium. Strands are wavy or curled. A “collar” appears on the neck at a mature and older age. Wool with a light shine, light, elastic, airy. Should not give the impression of too thick, heavy cover. Tail with curls.
- Shorthair. Hair length is short to medium. The texture is tougher than that of long-haired animals. In general - light, elastic. Throughout the body, the hair puffs, does not adhere to the body. The tail is covered with sparse, tousled hair.
- The color of the coat.Any genetically possible or arbitrary combination of any shades is allowed. Laperm in the photo often appears with the most unusual color of the coat.
- Eye color. It can be copper, gold, yellow, green, any shade of blue. Correlation between eye color and coat is not required.
Among all possible colors, the most common classic tabby. This is an ordinary color, which can be called a visiting card of the cat world. The first laperm wore a tabby fur coat. Therefore, he (the tabby pattern) is most significant. It is described in detail by the standard.
The stripes are wide, quite contrasting, blurry. Legs are covered with transverse "bracelets", rising towards the stripes of the body. The tail is outlined with wide crossbars. Inextricable wide rings, “necklaces”, cover the neck and upper chest.
On the forehead, transverse stripes form the letter "M" with complex contours. They resemble folds of frown. A continuous line runs from the outer corner of the eye to the junction of the head with the neck. On the cheeks swirls. Vertical lines run along the occipital part of the head to the shoulders.
On the back, the stripes form a “butterfly”, dropping its wings on the sides of the animal. There are distinct points inside the wing contour. Three lines extend from the middle of the back to the base of the tail. One - the central one - exactly along the spine. The abdomen and the bottom of the chest are decorated with soft transverse stripes.
Laperm black is very popular. In accordance with the standard, the color of the wool should be carbon from the roots to the ends. Nose, naked skin on the paws (pads) are also black. Due to the natural disheveledness, black cats resemble alarmed chimney sweeps.
There are two varieties of laperma:
In shorthair animals, the wavy coat is mainly located on the back and stomach. The length of the outer hair is small. Wool texture is light, airy, soft. It does not adhere to the body, it creates the impression of disheveled. On the tail of the outer hair, it bristles like hairs on a brush for washing bottles.
In long-haired laperma, the whole body is covered with medium and large length outer hair with curls. The remaining hair does not adhere to the body, it puffs. The texture of the coat is soft in the ventral part, elastic on the back and other parts of the body. Due to the long hairs, the cat's disheveled appearance looks more spectacular than that of the short-haired laperma.
In 1982, on a farm in Origon, near the city of Dulles (not to be confused with Texas Dallas), a purebred cat brought 6 kittens. This ordinary event subsequently became significant for the entire felinological world.
One kitten turned out to be unlike neither its cat mother, nor its brothers and sisters. He was hairless. In addition, he was distinguished by larger ears and a striped pattern on the skin - an imitation of the traditional color of outbred cats.
At the age of 8 weeks, the first hair began to appear. They were soft with curls. By the age of 4 months, the baby has grown over a curly, not very long hair. For which he received the nickname "curly". The Coel family, who owned the farm, did not attach much importance to this. Curly kitten grew up, led a free rural life. Over the course of 10 years, kittens with curly hair - the descendants of curly hair - began to be born quite often.
Linda Coel, the husband of the farmer, did not fully realize the significance of what was happening, but stopped the uncontrolled breeding of cats and cats with curly hair. Cats lost the charms of free existence, but their mistress found that the sign of kinkiness is dominant, transmitted from individuals of both sexes.
The farmers called the randomly bred breed laperm. From English perm - curl, perm, permanent. The French article of la is added in accordance with the traditional, for those places, way of forming new names. The most spectacular 4 cats in 1992 went to the exhibition in the nearest major city of Portland.
In 1994, the exhibition was repeated. The beginning of the 90s can be considered the date of birth of the breed. Uncontrolled breeding was completely prohibited. In the newly organized Kloshe Cattery, a recent farmer engaged in breeding and breeding curly cats.
Active work was carried out with cats in order to obtain animals with the most spectacular appearance. In addition, accidentally or intentionally curly cats turned out to be tender not only by touch - nature of laperm turned out to be very affectionate, insinuating. The skills of rural life, too, have not disappeared - the cats of lapermi are professionals in the part of the rodent hothouse.
In the late 90s, the first standard was developed. In Europe, the cat was at the beginning of this century. Has received recognition from leading European associations of felinologists. On other continents, a curly cat was also not spared. Lapper breed recognized by African and Australian cat lovers associations.
Laperm are described as sociable animals that adore human attention. Cats respond to him with tenderness and affection. The best place to relax cats consider the owner's knees. Where they gladly accept stroking and scratching.
Staying in bliss is not the only thing cats do. They are smart and smart, curious and playful. They did not completely lose the professionalism of their ancestors in terms of catching mice. Moreover, Laperm breed character includes a good attitude to water. They can frolic in the rain, trying to catch large drops.
Three words define the nutrition of cats laperm: a cat is a predator. Therefore, when preparing a cat's dinner, the main attention should be paid to meat, of any origin, but non-greasy. Offal is an excellent source of animal protein and vitamins. Ingredients of animal origin account for 50-70% of the total volume of cat lunch.
To the main (meat) components are added a little vegetables, boiled cereals and dairy products. Vitamins and supplements containing the necessary trace elements are desirable. Do not forget about a bowl of clean water.
Not everyone can afford to spend time preparing complex, balanced dishes. The purchase of prepared feeds has become the most common way of organizing the nutrition of cats.
Reproduction and longevity
The breed standard indicates that laperma cats mature late, only by 2-3 years. Cats are about 1 year old ready to bring their first offspring. The first representatives of the breed decided everything simply: they lived on a farm, the process of procreation went naturally.
In current lapermo cats, the process of mating, pregnancy and giving birth to kittens is not complicated. Only when and with whom to meet a cat its owner decides. The birth of kittens is no longer just breeding, this is the procedure for the development of the breed. Laperma - cats with a strong body and good fertility. Regularly bring a healthy offspring.
There is one “but.” Kittens can be born with straight, wavy or completely hairless. Some kittens are born with normal, baby fur, but become bald after two weeks. Gradually, all the kids grow into curly hair. Regardless of whether the hair is slightly wavy or cool curled, kittens have a chance to live at least 12 years.
Laperma are usually very friendly, and get along well with both adults and children. On the other hand, these cats require the same attitude to themselves - they can easily jump into their arms, trying to attract the attention of the owner. Together with him they watch TV with pleasure or “work” at the computer. Therefore, do not leave them alone for long - these cats certainly need a company. Confirmation of their friendliness can be the fact that lapermi easily get along with dogs.
An ideal home for laperma is a private house: the fact is that these cats love freedom. But this does not mean that they feel uncomfortable in the apartments - just with this option, you should not forget about regular walks.
Gradually, Russian cat lovers also show an interest in the unusual appearance of laperma, but it is extremely difficult to get them, so the cost of cats, which nature endowed with long curly hair, is very high. Depending on the purpose of the acquisition, the price of kittens ranges from $ 500 to $ 4,500.
Health & Care
The laperma does not require any special care. Wool should be combed weekly, and washed as it gets dirty.
As for health, the owners should remember that in the first-aid kit there must be a remedy for fleas: representatives of this breed ectoparasites can cause serious allergies. Another important point: the lapermi have a very sensitive withers, so cats should never be taken for this place.
Representatives of the breed have no special requests for nutrition. But, of course, the food should be of high quality and fresh, the diet balanced.