The places where ivy came to our latitudes are the humid subtropical regions of Southeast Asia, the Mediterranean and Central Europe. This creeping shrub today lives not only in the wild. He domesticated and became a decor for any garden and adjoining territory of private houses. The plant clings to tree trunks with special roots located on the stems. Ivy has adapted to new climatic conditions and is quite resistant to the harsh winter cold of the middle lane.
Today the plant is often used in decoration.
Interesting! There is an opinion that culture came to us from Latin America. Smugglers on their ships transported wild green ivy. He quickly adorned the tall walls of Spanish fortresses, becoming a kind of symbol of the country.
What does green ivy look like?
Hedera is an evergreen vine, capable of entwining everything, even vertical structures. The culture is not distinguished by a powerful trunk. The root system is branched. Separate aerial parts of the root are used to reliably strengthen ivy on walls, trees and other vertical objects.
Heder in the wild envelops trees
Leaflets of most species have a green color. Some differ in white blotches or edging. They can be large enough, and reach a length of 20 cm, or small, which is typical for indoor varieties. These are always dense and leathery specimens with a glossy surface, differing in shape depending on the type.
Hedera is able to bloom. But inflorescences are inconspicuous. The flowers are small. They have a greenish tint. After small fruits appear. They can also act as a seed for reproduction in the wild.
Important! If indoor ivy suddenly bloomed, the fruits appeared, they must be carefully cut and destroyed. They are the ones that are poisonous. It is important to be wearing gloves, and protect the skin from harmful “syrup”. You can even throw a cloak. With direct contact, redness, blisters, and even burns may appear on the body. Excessive swelling can cause a cough.
A houseplant that can grow quietly at home. Its main advantage is the love of shady places. He does not like high humidity and frequent watering. It is recommended to wipe the leaves constantly, avoiding dustiness. Only in their pure form can they actively purify the air in the room.
After raising the mark on the thermometer above +20 degrees Celsius, it is recommended that the indoor plant be constantly sprayed with water, thereby increasing air humidity.
Reproduction can be performed at any time of the year using the top of the cuttings of the plant. Rooting is done in water. After planting the stem, it is recommended to pinch it for better branching.
It is recommended to transplant a young shrub every year for three consecutive years. Then you can reduce the number of soil updates to once every several years. The root system is quite powerful. Therefore, the pot is selected wide so that it fits comfortably. Be sure to use drainage. The soil is preferably peat.
Note! To give the plant an attractive appearance, it is recommended to trim the bush periodically.
It is considered a home variety that prefers to envelop vertical surfaces. The bush is lianiform, has small foliage with a variegated color. It is easy to grow variegated ivy and take care of the plant. Prefers bright rooms for active growth, but without direct sunlight on the leaves. The soil in the pot should always be wet, otherwise the leaves will begin to fall off.
It is distinguished by the strength and power of the trunk and leaves. The sheet can reach 20 cm in length. White blotches on the surface are characteristic. It is found in nature in Portugal and North Africa. The most famous variety is Variegata. The stem has a slightly reddish hue. The leaves are large, with a white-green edging. The flower of the Canary Hedera has a green-yellow color. Small flowers are collected in inflorescences, apparently resembling umbrellas. Ivy refers to poisonous shrubs.
Canary leaflets have an amazing color
The variety is characterized by rapid growth. Basically, it reaches a height of 12-15 m. Individual specimens - 20 m. A distinctive feature of the header is green leaflets with matte areas that have a characteristic bend. The culture can very picturesquely spread on the walls of houses and the earth, and in a short period of time can hide in its foliage a plot of land up to nine to ten square meters. Spherical inflorescences appear in early autumn. Dense shoots with a reddish fringing add decorativeness.
Heder Ivy Helix Vander
A room view that can decorate any interior. You can create a living wall. The main thing is to provide a reliable support. Leaflets are distinguished by green color and star shape. The veins are light, turquoise. You can plant a plant in hanging pots. Soil is suitable for all types of plants.
Note! Helix Vander does not need top dressing; lighting loves diffuse. Avoid direct sunlight.
The plant is protected in a number of nature reserves in the Caucasus. It was listed in the Red Book of the Soviet Union. The shoots are thin, light brown in color. Leaflets of bright green color with rare stripes below can reach a length of 10 cm. Odorless. They have a rounded heart shape. In the wild, Pastukhov's ivy is quite rare today. Grows on the edges and glades, climbs tall trees.
It is considered a room subspecies, is popular with florists and designers. It looks beautiful in the interior thanks to green leaves with a white border. The foliage resembles a triangle in shape. Its size is small, in contrast to ivy leaves growing on the wall of the house. Caring for Variegat ivy is very easy.
The Caucasus is considered the natural habitat of the shrub, hence the second name of the plant. Liana is distinguished by strength and strength. It can rise to a high support up to 30 m. The leaves are large and more often whole. Length is 18-25 cm, width is 15-20 cm. The color is green. Although there are also varieties interspersed with small spots.
Caucasian heder has dark berries that appear after flowering
Evergreen aralium plant, reaching a height of 3-6 m. The leaves are bright green with bright veins. Reliable fastening on vertical surfaces is carried out using aerial roots. Unpretentious culture used for decorative purposes. Planting stands on loose and humus-rich soil. It is going through winter normally.
Liana is distinguished by a tree-like trunk, splendor and density. Reaches 20-30 m. Often used for decorative purposes. By autumn, dark green leaves become red and orange. The plant is sensitive to low temperatures. The light should be scattered, from direct sunlight, ivy will suffer. During the season, the liana can grow by 3-4 m.
Interesting! IN Unlike the ivy of English, Field, Colchis and Crimean, Boston does not belong to the Aralian family. He comes from a family of grapevines. From what the plant is popularly called the girl's ivy grape.
Hedera Helix mix: can I keep it at home
An ordinary heder can be planted in hanging pots and grown at home. In this case, it gives extremely toxic fruits. But if this happened, they urgently need to be cut, and you can continue to enjoy the plant.
Caring for ivy is simple. He is unpretentious and does not need special manipulations. Time to water and wipe the leaves from dust, remove a little in the shade from the scorching sun - and the liana will delight with thick foliage and greenery in the room.
How to get rid of ivy
Often gardeners are faced with the problem of filling the territory with a header. It grows extremely quickly, and can completely cover the entire garden and vegetable garden. To avoid this, it is recommended to cut the vine at the very base, completely dig out the root system. It is important to clean the shoots in order to prevent their further rooting. When young shoots appear, it is worth using herbicides. The only way to get it out.
Attention! Culture has many varieties, some of which are poisonous. But it is not the flower itself and its leaves that are dangerous. The danger is inflorescences and berries.
Indoor plants can be safely grown indoors or in the garden. You can create a true decorative miracle. Garden compositions are simply amazing. You just need inspiration and a little care.
Hedera is growing fast easily adapts to the conditions of the apartment, is an undemanding plant. The main difficulty lies in the need for its formation and the inconvenience of transplanting large adult specimens. Consider how to care for a heder at home in order to achieve its high decorativeness.
Indoor ivy refers to those types of plants that love shade. However, it is important to avoid extremes. If it is placed in a very dark room or corner, the plant will definitely not be able to please the owners with its appearance. It will also not be easy for the plant to survive in direct sunlight.
An important feature of this unpretentious plant is that it is very poorly tolerates a change of position. Therefore, it is important to initially take into account all the basic needs of the header and place it in such a place so that later you do not have to look for a more suitable one, since most likely, after changing the place, the flower will begin to hurt.
At home, both green and variegated ivy take root well. However, the difference between the two is that the green plant is able to be away from the light source and at the same time feel great, but the variegated ivy is not suitable for this.
Without light, it will not perish, but its leaves will turn into a plain green color.
Another advantage of ivy is that it is not sensitive to sudden changes in temperature and drafts. However, it does not tolerate heat and dryness.
Wet and cool air is what will contribute to its growth and prosperity. In the summertime, a temperature of +18 C is desirable, but at the same time, the plant can be on the balcony, if it is not in the southern or sunny side.
In winter, ranging from +7 to +12 C. In the heating season, it is not advisable to put a pot of plants on the windowsill, under which there is a radiator or just near heaters, stoves, as this will contribute to the fact that the leaves begin to grow not so densely and often, and this will make the header not at all attractive. If in all the rooms it’s hot enough and there is no good place for it, with appropriate conditions, frequent spraying or even a shower will be the solution.
Important! The presence of well-moistened pebbles or expanded clay on the pallet will also greatly facilitate the heder being in a hot climate.
This plant is ideal for those who are often not at home or just forgetful, because dry soil is more acceptable for him than an excess of moisture. Excessive watering can cause the roots to rot. It is necessary to water a heder in the winter and in the summer differently.
In the warm season, the soil should remain slightly moist, in the cold - the topsoil should be slightly dried. Watering can even be replaced simply by spraying (every other day). But the most beneficial for the plant will be watering from below. A filled water tray located under the pot will enable the header to absorb as much moisture as it needs.
Ivy transplantation is worth it when it becomes obvious that it has grown greatly and that its roots become “cramped” in the pot. This can be judged from breaking through the holes on the bottom of the pot, the roots. The second reason that it is definitely worth transplanting a plant is to stop its development. But it is not necessary to wait for these obvious signs.
Transplantation should be done just in order to prevent them. And doing this is important regularly. However, for young plants, the schedule and principles of transplantation are significantly different from older ones. Young plants are usually replanted once a year, in the spring (March or April).
At the same time, it is very important to consider the root system of the header. Since it is superficial, then the pot should be selected wider, but low. Also, the new "house" for the plant should be more spacious than the previous one. Approximately 2-3 cm in diameter.
Before proceeding to transplant, you need to water the flower abundantly soso that all the soil is wet. Next, carefully extract the plant from the pot and place it in a new one, falling asleep on top with fresh soil. Tamping a new layer of soil, the flower must be watered again and plentifully sprayed with clean water, placing it in the bathroom or in the sink. It will be very good to install drainage on the bottom of the pot.
Ivy feels great in almost any substrate. The advantage will be loose, peat or humus land plus sand (one to one). Leafy land is also suitable.
Older plants do not need an annual transplant. This procedure is sufficient once every two years. At the same time, you can not change the soil completely, but by changing only the top layer.
Important! We also recommend reading about other interesting plants: cissus, dichondra and stefanotis.
In addition to transplantation, ivy cuttings play an important role.that have lost their leaves. This is best done during a period of intensive growth, in the spring. This will give a bushiness to the plant. If there are too long shoots, it is necessary to cut them to about 1/3 of the length.
Care after purchase
Ivy rarely goes on sale from domestic nurseries, it is mainly bought in the Netherlands, and it is taken in a special substrate that does not absorb water. That is why after buying a flower needs a transplant.
It is necessary to give him some time to adapt to new conditions (7-10 days). Ivy does not tolerate drought very easily, so it’s not worth delaying with a transplant. Header is transplanted neatly. The root system is completely cleaned of soil, being careful not to damage individual roots.
Indoor ivy plant belongs to the category shady plants. He will quite calmly react to a location in the back of the room away from the window.
The only thing do not accept heder leaves - hit by direct sunlight.
Variegated species, on the contrary, prefer partial shade light, in the shade their variegated color dims and becomes monotonously green, they are also negatively related to the direct rays of the sun.
Fertilizers for flower
Fertilizer must contain the whole complex of minerals. The more nitrogen and potassium in the fertilizer, the better.
Despite its unpretentiousness, ivy requires a fairly frequent feeding. About twice a week, at least. In this mode, act from spring to late autumn. However, in winter, feeding should be limited slightly. If you overdo it with fertilizer, the leaves may become too large, because of which the plant will cease to have a decorative appearance.
The breeding procedure is very simple. Use cuttings more often. It is necessary to cut 4-5 cuttings, each of which should have several leaves and place them in the sand. Leave on for 10 days.
After this time, it is necessary to take out the shoot to cut it so that there is a root and only one leaf. Next - plant in prepared soil in a small pot. You can propagate the flower at any time of the year.
Is it possible to keep indoor ivy in the house?
Exist myththat ivy is able to survive from home all other domestic flowers and occupy all the space alone. In fact, the proximity to ivy does not bring other plants any discomfort, on the contrary, many large flowers are decorated with a heder, planting it in pots.
The presence of ivy in the house brings considerable benefits to its owners, since actively cleans the air and saturates it with oxygen.
Heder is especially useful in the house where animals are kept, as it is capable of destroy special fecal bacteria.
Known and healing properties of this plant. Ivy has antifungal, expectorant, antibacterial properties, and many drugs are produced on its basis.
Heder softening gels from leaves are used to treat skin diseases and in cosmetology. A decoction of the roots treat ulcers, burns, boils.
Thus, the answer to the question “Is it possible to keep ivy in the apartment?” - “Yes.” But do not forget that ivy is a plant poisonous. Especially dangerous are its fruits, which children can easily take for edible berries, and leaves that attract cats with their juicy greens.
Hedera Helix is a beautiful liana that will decorate any room with its presence.
The main thing is to properly care for her and create comfortable conditions for her growth and development.
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Pests and diseases
If ivy is duly supervised and all the conditions are met, he will not be afraid of diseases for his comfortable development.
By itself, it is very resistant to disease. However, there are pests such as spider mites, scale insects, and aphids. Because of them, the leaves turn yellow and fall off.
All that needs to be done in this case is to treat the flower with special insecticides, moisten the air and remove the spoiled leaves.
Also, actara and karbofos have proven themselves well.