Clumber Spaniel is a hardy, agile and very faithful dog, bred for catching game birds. It differs from other dogs in this group by its large size and unusual appearance.
To understand who the breed is suitable for, let's figure out what is the specificity of the content of these handsome men.
Brief History of Origin
Great Britain is considered to be the birthplace of clammers. But they owe their appearance to the French Duke de Noaille. To get a new breed, he crossed the Basset Hound and the now extinct Alpine Spaniel.
In 1768, Duke Noail brought his pets to the UK. So the dogs of this breed were in the estate of Clumber Park in Nottinghamshire. Then this place belonged to the Duke of Newcastle and was famous for hunting grounds. From him came the name of the new breed.
Subsequently, William Mansell, who served as a huntsman with the Duke of Newcastle, took up the breeding of the clammers. And unusual spaniels became favorites of English aristocrats. In 1884, dogs were in the top ten breeds recognized by the American Kennel Club.
During World War I, the number of clamber spaniels fell sharply, but the number of livestock was partially restored.
Over the years, the breed has accumulated a lot of entertaining:
- Clambers were favorites of the crowned ladies, including Prince Albert and his son Edward VII. The revival of the breed in the 20s of the XX century was engaged in by the English king George V.
- Clumber spaniels serve as guides for blind and deaf people. They can be taught to read lips, and then they will become indispensable companions of the dumb.
- Clambers are a small breed. An average of 200 puppies are born in the United States each year.
- Clammers are very silent and even during the hunt rarely give voice. To determine the location of the spaniel, the owners have long hung special bells on the dog.
- Clumber puppies are born pure white. Lemon or light orange markings on their body appear by 3 months.
History of origin and how it looks in the photo
Despite the fact that the UK is considered the official homeland of the clamber spaniels, it is still an Anglo-French breed.
The first to engage in the selection and breeding of these dogs was the French Duke de Noaille, crossing the Basset Hounds and the Alpine Spaniels that were not preserved to our days, which were considered the closest relatives of the St. Bernards.
In 1768, before the start of the French Revolution, de Noal managed to send all his dogs to England, the county of Nottinghampshire, or rather to the estate of Clumber Park, owned by the Duke of Newcastle, where the huntsman W. Mansell continued to work on breeding the clamber spaniels.
Representatives of this breed conquered the British aristocrats and took a seat at the court, becoming the pets of the crowned persons.
So, Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria, was a big fan of these dogs. His love for the Clamber Spaniels was inherited by his son, the future King Edward VII.
In 1860, these dogs were first shown at the exhibition, and in 1884 they took pride of place in the top ten breeds recognized by the American Kennel Club.
The official standard of the international cynological association No. 109 for clamber spaniels was published in 1954.
Description of the breed, standards and appearance
Clumber spaniels are unusual dogs whose exterior combines strength and power. They have a massive, rough skeleton and a large head.
The official description of the Clamber Spaniel breed (standard FCI№109):
- The head is square, massive.
- The muzzle is rectangular with a wide nose bridge and pronounced stop.
- Eyes are light brown or dark brown, large, rounded, deep set, surrounded by loose light eyelids.
- The nose is developed, painted in a cherry brown or light brown shade. The nostrils are clearly defined, wide.
- Ears are thick, with a wide base, long, hanging, low set.
- The neck is powerful with well-developed muscles.
- The case is rectangular, squat with a heavy skeleton.
- The chest is developed. The line of a stomach is slightly tightened. The ribs are curved.
- The back is flat, strong. Loin wide, voluminous croup slightly sloping.
- The tail continues the line of the back. Working dogs docked.
- The limbs are strong, muscular with large rounded paws. The interdigital space is covered with wool.
|Height, cm||Weight, kg|
The Clamber Spaniel moves easily and freely. Due to the wide body and short limbs, the dog runs into a waddle when switching to a lynx. The back of a representative of this breed remains flat, and the dog can move at that pace all day.
Color and type of coat
The body of the Clamber Spaniel is covered with a thick, straight, tight-fitting spine. The dog's coat is soft to the touch. On the ears, the cover is thicker. There is a frill on the neck of the clamber. The limbs and abdomen are decorated with tow. It is possible to cut the hair only on the legs and feet of the dog.
The color of the Clamber Spaniel is predominantly white. On the main background there are lemon or orange marks. Speckles on the forelimbs and face are considered common. The fewer spots on the body of the Clamber Spaniel, the better.
Especially appreciated are dogs with spots that are localized around the eyes.
The calm and even slightly sleepy appearance of the clamber spaniels fully reflects their temperament - these dogs are completely uncharacteristic of the fussiness and restlessness of small spaniels.
At the same time, they are deprived of the melancholy mood of the St. Bernards, successfully combining calm and lively, cheerful disposition. Representatives of this breed are intelligent, courageous, have unshakable determination and self-esteem.
Clamber spaniels behave kindly and friendly with the owner and all members of the family, and keep restraint and detachment with strangers.
These dogs are not prone to aggressive behavior, but have a pronounced territorial instinct, therefore, if someone tries to violate the boundaries of their possessions or dare to threaten the owner, the clamber spaniels will show incredible courage and protect the house and family.
Representatives of this breed are smart and show perseverance and diligence in training and education.
They do not remember and execute commands too quickly, but their desire to please the owner more than compensates for this..
Pros and cons
Thinking of acquiring a clumber spaniel, you should familiarize yourself with all the advantages and disadvantages of representatives of this breed in order to make a balanced and deliberate decision.
- friendly disposition
- balanced psyche
- lack of aggression
- getting along with children
- rare barking
- sociability, not turning into obsession.
- tendency to overeat and obesity,
- lack of watchdog instinct,
- increased salivation.
The disadvantages of this breed, many consider also their need for daily care for the hair and a tendency to snore in a dream.
In the spring and autumn, these dogs undergo quite plentiful molting..
The official breed standard describes the color of the clamber spaniels as follows: the coat on the body is white with marks of lemon or light orange.
Small spots and specks may be present on the head and face..
Nature and behavior
Clambers are calm, phlegmatic dogs. The dogs of this breed combine masculinity, intelligence, unwavering determination and self-esteem.
They are affectionate and friendly with the owners, but keep aloof from strangers.
The nature and behavior of the clammers largely depends on the conditions in which they grew. They are balanced, not prone to shoots and fights with relatives.
These dogs are prone to aggression, but have a developed territorial instinct. In the event of an unauthorized intrusion into their property, they will defend themselves.
How to choose a puppy?
Clumber spaniel is a rare breed that is not widely distributed in the CIS countries. Puppies are bred in specialized nurseries and usually booked before the start of the sale. Often the search for a suitable dog turns into a real quest and drags on for months.
- A healthy puppy has clean skin, clear eyes and a smooth, glossy coat.
- By the age of two months, he confidently stands on his paws and actively moves.
Important! Parents of the puppy must have high marks from the shows, diplomas for working tests and tests for the absence of genetic diseases.
When buying a small clamber spaniel, you need to ask the breeder about his diet. The first days of the puppy need to be fed what he ate before. A sharp change in the menu is fraught with digestive upset.
New products are introduced into the diet of clamber gradually, making sure that they do not cause allergies. Three-month-old puppies feed on milk and meat porridges. At 4 months, their menu includes offal and fish.
Important! During the change of teeth, puppies are necessarily given brain bones and calcium supplements.
The multiplicity of feeding of the Clumber Spaniel depends on the age of the dog:
- 6-8 weeks - 6 times a day,
- 2-3 months - 5 times a day,
- 4-6 months - 4 times a day,
- 7-11 months - 3 times a day.
One-year-old clamber is transferred to two-time feeding.
Clumber Spaniel needs a balanced diet. His menu should contain products that contain all the necessary vitamins and nutrients. It doesn’t matter if the dog eats natural or dry food.
In the first case, lean meat should prevail on the menu. Twice a week it is replaced with saltwater fish and offal. Also, the dog is given cereals, vegetables, fruits, cottage cheese, eggs, kefir and yogurt.
But smoked foods, muffins, sweets, pickles and tubular bones should never be given to a dog.
If the dog eats dry food, then he should have unhindered access to drinking water. Representatives of this breed are best suited for such brands of finished feed:
On a note. Clambers tend to be overweight. Therefore, you need to strictly monitor their weight and portion size.
Walking and exercise
Impressive and phlegmatic dogs of this breed do not require regular multi-kilometer runs. However, they need moderate physical activity. A bike ride is replaced by a ball game, swimming or unhurried walking next to the owner.
It is important that the clamber has the opportunity to sniff and explore the surroundings. You can diversify your daily walks by working out teams and tasks for aporting.
Training and education
Clumber spaniels are independent and wayward dogs. It is desirable to train them from an early age. Otherwise, you can lose time and get an uncontrollable dog. To achieve results, you need to deal with clamber persistently and systematically.
An important role in raising a puppy is played by socialization. It starts as early as possible. For this little clamber they are regularly introduced to new people, animals and sounds. In the process of socialization, it is necessary to correct unwanted behavior and reinforce the correct response to stimuli.
Natasku begin at 5 months of age. By this time, the puppy should already have learned the basic commands.
Care and hygiene
Clambers are regularly combed out with a furminator and a massage brush:
- Hair care during molting is carried out daily.
- At other times, the procedure is repeated 2-3 times a week.
Spaniel ears require special care. They are cleaned weekly from dirt and dust. This is done with a cotton pad dipped in a special lotion or hydrogen peroxide.
The eyes of the animal are wiped daily with a soft cloth, which is dipped in warm boiled water or chamomile broth.
To prevent stones and deposits from forming on the dog’s teeth, they are cleaned once a week with a special brush and paste.
A dog should be bathed as it gets dirty using shampoo and conditioner.
Vaccinations and a tendency to disease
So that the dog does not become a victim of viruses, he is vaccinated. The first procedure is carried out at the age of 8 weeks. A few days before the dog is treated for fleas and helminths. 21 days after the first injection, revaccination is performed.
Subsequently, the procedure is repeated annually. To do this, use complex vaccines that protect:
- from parainfluenza
- carnivore plague
- viral hepatitis,
- parvovirus enteritis.
Clambers are prone to the following diseases:
- allergic reactions
- dry eye syndrome
- eosinophilic panosteitis,
- otitis media and ear infections,
- dermatological diseases
- eversion and inversion of the eyelids,
The average life span of a Clumber Spaniel is 12-14 years.
Breed Features and Character
Clumber Spaniel - a breed of dogs bred in England, was named, thanks to the estate of Clumber. Some dog handlers claim that the breed was created a little earlier in France, and was introduced into the English kingdom.
At that time, the emphasis was on dog breeds for hunting. They proved themselves only on the good side. The royal royalty was engaged in breeding spaniels to track partridges and pheasants.
It is generally accepted that ancestors clamber - This is a basset hound and an alpine spaniel. The dog inherited from them short stature, wide skeleton and thick wavy coat. Among all known spaniels, the clamber is the most massive.
The dog is particularly friendly, adores children, plays with them and protects. It treats strangers with caution, but does not attack, it can simply bark. About clamber, we can say that he is a real intellectual, just as important and slow. A distinctive feature of this subspecies is persistence and patience.
Care and maintenance
As already mentioned above, the clumber spaniel is suitable for keeping in a city apartment. The animal does not require a lot of space and on the street prefers to stroll slowly, rather than rushing after a ball or stick. The dog likes to lie down on such a place in the house, from where all households will be visible, and can spend hours watching the life of the family. Despite the stamina and thick coat, the Clamber Spaniel cannot be kept outside; it is a completely domestic dog.
Pet care is not particularly difficult. It is necessary to regularly undergo examinations in a veterinary clinic, put the required vaccinations, in the spring-summer season, treat the dog from ticks. Ears and teeth of a spaniel require standard care (brushing); claws are regularly trimmed. Hair care consists in combing the pet daily with a massage brush. After a walk, you need to inspect and remove jammed debris from the wool. Bathing an animal with shampoo is not worth more than 1 time in a couple of months.
Fully feed your pet, without wasting effort, ready-made dry dog food will help. The modern feed industry offers a wide selection of formulations for different breeds and ages. For animals with poor health, a veterinarian will help you choose diet products.
Many owners of spaniels prefer to feed them with natural food, believing that this is the only way they can be sure of the quality and freshness of the food. The main food for any dog is meat without excess fat. Readily eat clambers and offal: liver, heart, lungs, trachea, scar. They also give heads, tails, ears.
Bones are not food for dogs. Sugar mosles and non-tubular bones give the animal pleasure and to strengthen its teeth.
Vegetables are good for your pet. Carrots, pumpkin, beets, cabbage are slightly boiled and given to the dog.Apples, melon, watermelon, grapes - a useful treat for the pet.
On the day, the clumber spaniel should be given about 100 g of cereal from dietary cereals: buckwheat, rice or oatmeal. Porridge is cooked friable, it is useful to add 1 tsp. unrefined vegetable oil. A couple of times a week you can break a chicken or a couple of quail eggs, along with the shell. No matter how thoroughly the diet of the spaniel is carefully compiled, you periodically need to give your pet a vitamin and mineral supplement to replenish the supply of trace elements and vitamins in the body.
Does it relate to children and does it get along with other pets?
Clumber spaniels are not inclined to unleash conflicts, fights and other ways to demonstrate their superiority..
These dogs do not want to prove anything to people or other animals, which is why they find a common language with everyone and get along with other pets without problems.
Wool and bathing
The coat should be combed with a massage brush and a furminator every 3-5 days, and during molting - daily.
A dog should be bathed as necessary, on average 1-2 times a month, using shampoo and soft hair conditioner.
Weekly clean from accumulated sulfur, dust and dirt, wiping the inside of the ear with a cotton pad soaked in peroxide or a special lotion.
Wipe daily with a soft cloth or lint-free cloth soaked in chamomile broth or warm boiled water.
To clean several times a week with a special toothbrush and toothpaste for dogs - this serves to prevent the formation of plaque and stones.
In individuals who often walk a lot, they grind on their own. If this does not happen, they must be trimmed monthly with guillotine claw cutters.
Too long claws interfere with the correct positioning of the paws.
Life expectancy, health and underlying diseases
On average, clamber spaniels live 12-14 years.
Representatives of this breed have good health, but there are a number of pathologies that are hereditary or due to anatomical features:
- dermatological diseases
- otitis media and other ear infections,
- inversion and eversion of the eyelids,
- progressive retinal atrophy,
- dysplasia of the hip and elbow joints,
- cervical and thoracic intervertebral disc disease,
- hemolytic anemia,
- eosinophilic panostitis,
- dry eye syndrome
- allergic reactions
Some individuals may experience kidney or liver failure. Such puppies are born swollen and, most often, dead.
Clamber Spaniel diets can be based on industrial feeds or natural products. Both types of food have advantages and disadvantages and the choice depends on the owner.
Representatives of this breed are not active and prone to overeating, which often leads to the appearance of excess weight. To avoid this, it is necessary to strictly control the amount of food consumed by the dog and monitor its calorie content.
If we are talking about natural nutrition, then the pet must be given:
- lean meat
- fruits vegetables,
- chicken or quail eggs,
- low-fat dairy products.
It is forbidden to feed these dogs:
- fatty meat
- river fish
- bakery and pasta
- sausages, smoked meats, pickles, marinades,
- fried foods.
In the case of industrial feed, you should only purchase high-quality products of at least the premium class, which contains no chemical additives and contains all the necessary vitamins and minerals.
How to choose? Boy or girl?
You can buy Clumber Spaniel puppies only in specialized nurseries.
This is a rare breed of dogs, only those individuals that have received high marks at exhibitions and diplomas in working tests can be allowed for breeding, which serves as a guarantee of their talent and the maximum preservation of the necessary traits and qualities.
In addition, only professional breeders, often conducting tests for pets with genetic pathologies and an X-ray that confirms the absence of dysplasia, can guarantee not only purebred, but also puppy health.
Before buying, you need to make sure the health of the future pet - it should have a smooth, glossy coat, clear eyes without streaks and redness, clean skin without a rash.
Already at 2 months they confidently stand on their paws and move well, their movements should not be lame or insecure.
There are no significant differences in the character of boys and girls, so you should choose the puppy's gender based on the purpose of the purchase. So, for breeding you need to buy a bitch, for participation in exhibitions - a male.
Clumber spaniels, despite their popular, fairly rare dogs. Even in England their stock is small, in Russia it is even more difficult to get a purebred, thoroughbred puppy.
The small number of individuals determines their rather high cost: depending on gender, age, class and other factors, prices for representatives of this breed vary on average from 25 to 70 thousand rubles.
Description of the breed (standard requirement)
Externally, the dog has a neat and compact appearance, the body is covered with thick wavy hair. Exist clamber spaniel description, that is, the requirements for the standard.
* The dog has a height at the withers from 43 to 55 cm, weight ranges from 25-40 kg. The body is wide on short legs, the skeleton is massive.
* The head is large, has an oval shape, the expression of the muzzle is good-natured and drowsy.
* The nose resembles a square shape, the cheeks are large, drooping, the eyes are small, rounded. Eye color can be green or amber.
* Ears of medium size, pressed to the head, freely hanging, resemble the shape of the leaves. Often there are additional colored patches on the ears (brown, lemon or cream).
Despite being a hunting dog, he is also a great companion
* The coat is dense and thick, covering the whole body. On legs and stomach longer, curling.
* The color is white, milk or cream with specks. Blotches can be bright yellow, amber, light brown (ears, paws, stomach and tail). If on photo clumber absolutely snow-white, this is a rare phenomenon, considered a manifestation of the purity of the breed.
The life expectancy of a dog is 12-15 years. Like all hybrids, this breed is prone to hereditary diseases: problems with the hip joint, retina, all kinds of allergies.
Price and reviews on the Clumber Spaniel
In the vastness of our country it is impossible to find the breed of this spaniel. Even if there are breeders, then there are only a few of them, and they simply do not advertise about this dog. Buy Clamber Spaniel it is possible only on order from England or the United States. There are special nurseries where they breed and sell.
The procedure is such that in advance they collect applications and then bring 2-3 months clamber spaniel puppies. They can eat on their own, accustomed to the tray. Approximate clamber spaniel price will be $ 900-1000, maybe higher, depending on the parents.
Elena from Krasnodar left such a review. “When the country house was completed, the children needed a four-legged friend for joint games. For a long time we chose the breed of dogs and opted for one of the spaniels. We were told to pay attention to the clamber.
Yes, I read a lot of flattering reviews, but the most important thing is that he will be a great friendship for our kids. To buy this breed in Russia is problematic, I had to connect friends.
Frankly, a puppy needs love and care, but it grew so quickly that it was as if it had never been a little one. Ramses (the nickname for the dog) my boys adore and what’s important: they spend a lot of time together in the fresh air.
Rostislav. I am a hunter, I love to go to the waterfowl. My friends gave me a clamber puppy for my birthday, I did not even expect such an expensive surprise. From the baby, he turned into a beautiful, intelligent dog.
We spend a lot of time together with him; he is now a true friend to me. Honestly, it’s better to trust the dog than some people. It is seen that a pet of an elite breed requires special care.
Vladimir I am a canine dog with experience, there are a lot of dog breeds in my arsenal. However, recently he decided to start breeding spaniels. I chose the clammers, it turns out that in Russia they are practically nonexistent, I have to order abroad.
The popularity of the dog speaks for itself, the animal is distinguished by its cheerful temperament, good disposition and does not require abstruse hassle. The dog is especially good for those who have small children.
The animal will be both a great nanny and playmate. The only thing that needs to be monitored is that hereditary diseases may manifest over time. With good care and nutrition, the dog will live happily ever after.
Disease and Life Expectancy
Clumber Spaniel lives 13-15 years, which is a lot for dogs of its size. The breed has hereditary diseases: hip dysplasia, eyelid inversion. To get a healthy puppy, you need to pay attention to the parents ’medical records if they have any of these diseases. Due to a dislike for an active lifestyle in old age, a clumber may be overweight. To keep the dog in good shape, nutrition must be balanced.
How to choose a puppy
It is better to get a puppy of this breed in Russia by contacting a kennel that specializes in spaniels or brings animals from the UK. The list of nurseries in which the clamber spaniels are bred:
- Lacquer (Moscow),
- Sosnovy Bor (Moscow),
- Gardinant (Moscow),
- Diamond of Victoria (Komsomolsk-on-Amur),
- Gift of the Sun (Novosibirsk).
The price for a baby clamber can not be lower than 900 US dollars, since the breed is quite rare.