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Friesian horse - breed characteristics, character characteristics, life expectancy and history of occurrence


Breed of friesian horses - one of the oldest in Europe. She was born in one of the northern provinces of Holland - Friesland or Frisia. Thanks to excavations, the remains of ancient horses were discovered, which are considered the ancestors of the present Frisians.

The basis of the appearance of the modern frieze was formed more than seven centuries ago, but initially it was still other horses. Previously, the requirements for these animals differed from modern ones.

We needed strong, hardy, efficient, albeit unpretentious, horses. Priorities have been set, and horses frieze perfectly suited for plowing and for war - the main occupations of that time.

Centennial wars across Europe have made adjustments over time. The standard of living and areas of activity have changed, jousting tournaments have become popular, heavy carriages have appeared as a transport.

More attention has now been paid to the external characteristics of the breed, unprepossessing and stunted horses no longer match the tastes. But, thanks to the Crusades, beautiful horses — noble and graceful — were brought from the east.

During the conquest of the Netherlands by Spain, from 1569 to 1648, the blood of the Frisians was added to the blood of the Barbary and Andalusian horses, which made the breed powerful, majestic and trained.

Friezes, although they were not purebred trotters, but it was among them that individuals most often began to appear individuals capable of running trot briskly for a long time. They were beautiful and energetic horses, capable of now not only walking in a harness, but also under a saddle.

For ceremonial processions, their noble posture, strength and endurance came in handy. Until now, the friezes are the adornment of the Golden Crew for Queen Elizabeth.

But, the days of kings and nobility passed, and all the attributes associated with that luxury became unnecessary. Ordinary people again needed ordinary workhorses, without claims to beauty and breed.

And only thanks to sincere connoisseurs, the Frisian horse has survived as a piece of history and a national treasure of the Netherlands. In 1879, a studbook was formed. Today, there are more than 60 thousand individuals, half of which live in Holland.

Description of the Friesian horse

Like any other breed, friezes also have their own description and requirements that fit the standard. So the height of the horse should be at least 150 cm. This is the only breed of horses whose color should be exclusively of the same color - black.

Only a small (up to 3 cm) white spot on the forehead of mares is allowed. Due to its beautiful, rich black color, horses frieze look very impressive, as you can see by looking at them a photo.

As for the physique, the friezes are not too large, bony. The horse’s constitution is rough, with a wide body, a long and often soft back. Legs are a bit long.

But the loose forms are visually hidden due to the extension and high exit of the neck, which is in friezes with a beautiful bend. The horse's head is not large, with a straight profile and high ears, expressive large eyes.

As the name of the breed shows, on the legs of horses there are always long friezes, falling from the hock to large hooves.

In addition to brushes on the legs, horses of this breed are especially proud of the mane and tail, which are not trimmed throughout their lives and look very beautiful, both falling and flying during running. No wonder these horses are called "black pearls", they really are like noble and elegant jewelry.

In addition to the exterior, great attention is paid to the horse's step - it must be strictly four-stroke. The lynx should be push-pull and the front legs are straight, the hind legs work well and bend well under the stomach.

The character of the friezes is very lively, energetic, but at the same time submissive, balanced and good-natured. These horses combined the qualities of hardy and calm heavy trucks, and the activity and liveliness of riding horses.

Care and maintenance

Friesian horse breed unpretentious. They easily tolerate climate change, are less likely to get sick. The presence of magnificent brushes on the legs, contrary to the opinion of many, does not lead to the formation of biting midges and other diseases of the legs, on the contrary, all the dirt and bacteria remain on the friezes.

You need to clean your legs after a walk. Litter of sawdust will naturally dry the brushes on the legs and prevent the spread of infections. As for the most beautiful mane and magnificent tail, here each owner himself chooses how often he can take care of this "dowry".

If it is possible to devote time daily to the beauty of the animal, then you can braid the mane, bangs and tail for the night, and in the daytime weave and comb it. If there is no time for this, then you can braid and leave the horse in this form for several days, then braid and comb.

After such simple manipulations, the mane and bangs will become not only silky and shiny, but also delightfully wavy. It is enough to process the tail 2-3 times a week with a special conditioner and comb it well.

Pictured is a Friesian horse with a foal

To care for black hair, it is enough to clean it daily and spray it with air conditioning 1-2 times a week. It is necessary to clean and lubricate the hooves once a month and a half, and sometimes less often (if the hoofed horn grows slowly).

So that the hammer can easily and quickly clean the hooves, you can soften them by spreading a thick layer of clay 2-3 hours before the procedure, this will soften the sole.

To shine the hooves, you need to lubricate them daily with any oil or special compounds. This will give them not only a healthy look, but will also contribute to the proper growth of the hoofed horn.

As far as nutrition is concerned, Friesian horses are a bit more whimsical than regular heavy trucks. A sufficient amount of protein will increase the required muscle mass in stallions, and for mares, protein is especially necessary during the period of milk production. Young growth needs an increased amount of calcium and phosphorus, vitamin B.

Friesian horse characteristic

The birthplace of the breed is considered to be the northern region of the Netherlands - Friesland, where the horses are held in high esteem and received the unspoken name "black gold of Holland". More than half of the population is concentrated in this country, and the remaining individuals are scattered throughout the globe. It is worth knowing how much the Friesian horse is worth, so the price starts at $ 11 thousand and does not have an upper limit, because it consists of many parameters, including the pedigree.

Exterior of the Friesian horse:

  • muscular physique with a wide body,
  • long and slightly soft back,
  • beautiful well-developed legs, which are necessarily framed by friezes,
  • a small head with a Spanish profile, high ears and expressive eyes,
  • a beautiful long silky mane and tail that are not customary to cut throughout the animal's life.

Friesian horse price and owner reviews

Buy friesian horse possible in almost any metropolis. The bulk of the sellers are concentrated in the Netherlands, but you can deliver the animal anywhere in the world. Price on the friesian horse on average, starts at 10,000 euros and has no upper limit. It all depends on the pedigree.

On one of the online forums, people left their Friesian horse reviews, we give examples of some of them. Nadezhda V.N. from Samara writes: - “Friezes are undoubtedly the most beautiful and magnificent of all horses!

They combine power and grace! They are perfect! ” Vladimir S.Yu. from St. Petersburg - “Friesian horses are very beautiful and strong, unpretentious and not picky. Young individuals grow very quickly, communicate with the owner with pleasure, very friendly and obedient. "

Once you meet the frieze, you will not be able to forget it. This aristocratic beauty, proud posture and hot eyes of large black eyes penetrates everyone’s soul and falls in love with itself indefinitely.

Friesian horse

The Friesian horse, or frieze, is one of the most beautiful horse breeds. This breed has a long and complex history, in its lifetime it has experienced ups and downs, but is now at the peak of popularity.

Friesian horse

The breed got its name from the name of the Dutch province of Friesland. In this province, horses were bred back in Roman times. They were descended from peasant horses, to which the blood of Celtic horses was poured. The ancestors of the Friesian breed had a rough constitution and an inharmonious exterior, these pains are tall, bony, but somewhat angular horses with a shaggy mane and legs. However, in those days almost all native European breeds looked like this. These horses were used at work in agriculture, as well as war horses of Western European knights. As military equipment developed, knightly armor became heavier and Friesian horses became larger. Over time, knightly horses began to resemble heavy trucks and already in the XIII century the Frisian breed was quite isolated. Friesian horses had excellent working qualities: heavy enough to carry a rider with all the equipment, but at the same time moving and playful, over time they gained a harmonious physique and became one of the most common breeds used in military affairs. At this time, Friesian horses were exported to England and Norway, where they influenced the formation of other breeds, such as shires.

The Friesian horse shows a powerful physique, a thick tail, mane and brush on the legs, characteristic of heavy horses.

A new stage in the development of the Frisian breed began during the war between Holland and Spain. From 1568 to 1648, the Netherlands was under Spanish occupation, which led to the massive importation of Spanish horses to Holland. The most common Spanish breed was Andalusian. The horses of this riding breed were famous for their grace, grace of lines and ability to dressage. As a result of the pouring of the blood of the Andalusian and partly Arabian breed to the Friesian horses, they began to look even more elegant and majestic. The gait also improved: Friesian horses began to walk very playfully, but at a smooth trot. In this era, the mission of the Friesian horses changed. The days of the knights passed, and with them the war horses sunk into oblivion, now the friezes began to be used for peaceful purposes as carriage horses. Here, the unique qualities of Friesian horses were in high demand: a combination of strength and agility, beautiful gait and harmonious exterior.

Friesian horses have high paces.

In the era of the Late Renaissance, Friesian horses were considered a breed of nobility: they were used for royal trips by the royal courts of the Netherlands, Denmark, Luxembourg. However, over time, the European aristocracy began to fade, and the Friesian horses regained the status of "folk". In the 13th-19th centuries, Friesian horses were used in trotting competitions under a saddle, as well as harness horses for transporting passengers and goods in cities. However, the rapid development of capitalism entailed the mechanization of production; trains and then automobiles began to be used as transport. Horses were unclaimed, and the Friesian breed began to rapidly fade away. In 1913, only three purebred stallions remained, but enthusiasts managed to restore the number of friezes using crosses with horses of the Oldenburg breed. For some time it was possible to keep the number of livestock at an acceptable level, but in the 60s of the twentieth century, a second wave of crisis covered this breed. The total number of Friesian horses in the world was only 500 animals, which was not enough for breeding. This time the Frisian breed was saved by a miracle. It was from the 60s that dressage began to develop rapidly, which is now considered an aristocratic and expensive form of equestrian sport. The Friesian breed for dressage was very suitable - the blood of Andalusian horses affected. In addition, the Friesian horses had a very impressive appearance, which favorably distinguished them from the rest of the breeds. At the moment, Friesian horses are the only draft breed in the world that is regularly used in dressage competitions. At the same time, they have not lost their original purpose and are used in teams of teams, and also are in the "state" of the royal stables of Denmark, Luxembourg, the Netherlands.

The Frisian horses inherited the elegance and grace of the lines from the Spanish breeds. Due to these qualities, they are very in demand in dressage.

Friesian horses are large (height at the withers 158-165 cm), bony, but elegant and tall. The head is large, long, with a straight profile and fairly long ears. The eyes are expressive, dark. The neck is muscular, powerful, but at the same time gracefully curved, with a very high set. The withers are long and well developed. The chest is long, deep, moderately wide. The body is somewhat elongated, the back is long, often soft. The limbs are long, durable. Like all heavy horses, the Friezes are characterized by a loose constitution, but the looseness is often invisible due to the high-leggedness and harmony of these horses. The skin of the friezes is rather thick, the coat is short shiny. The Frisian breed is characterized by unusually thick and long mane and tail, as well as well-defined brushes on the legs. These brushes start quite high and fall in thick braids to the hoofs. This feature is peculiar primarily to Frisian horses and migrated to other breeds called Frisism. This gives their appearance a "fabulous" look. It seems that the Friesian horses came off the pages of chivalric novels. Previously, Friesian horses were found of various stripes (black, bay, gray, forelock), but as a result of several crises suffered by the breed, genetic diversity was reduced and modern Friesian horses are extremely black.

This is the only horse breed in the world, all representatives of which have the same color.

No less peculiar are the movements of Friesian horses. They are characterized by high gait when the horse raises its legs high while running. On the one hand, such a gait is considered unproductive, since the horse spends a lot of energy on sweeping movements, so the Frisian horses among their fellow heavy carriers are considered almost the weakest. On the other hand, a high gait makes frieze movements unusually beautiful and valuable for dressage. Thus, Friesian horses occupied a unique niche between Spanish riding horses and cold-blooded draft breeds. The temperament of Friesian horses is lively, energetic, but without excessive ardor, like all heavy trucks, the Friezes are balanced, submissive to the rider, calm and good-natured. Another advantage of the breed is their moderate unpretentiousness: these horses tolerate a good change in climate, although they are more demanding on the quality of feed compared to other heavy trucks.

A very long and thick mane of Friesian horses is often braided.

Currently, Friesian horses are widely used for sledding competitions, dressage, circus performances.Often horses of this breed can also be found on the set of historical films - who, if not freezes, can better convey the atmosphere of the Middle Ages! In addition to sports, Friesian horses are often used in amateur hire: they are often kept as pets and are used for horseback riding by unprepared riders. Thanks to a comfortable gait and a calm disposition, these horses are very reliable for beginner riding enthusiasts.

Friesian horse demonstrates circus dressing skills.

What are Friesian horses?

Due to major crises in breeding, the genetic diversity of the breed has declined, which in past centuries could have been of different stripes: bay, forelock, black and gray. Nowadays, the frieze breed can be exclusively black, and any other colors are considered tribal marriage. In females, a white star of small diameter is allowed in the forehead. Due to the spectacular appearance and calm disposition, these horses often take part in parades and various festivities, they are harnessed to a carriage and rented for spectacular photo shoots.

Friesian horse breed - history

In medieval Europe, the requirements for horses were the simplest - a horse was needed for work and war, therefore strength and endurance were important, and the appearance remained in the background. The Friesian breed, the first mention of which dates back to the 13th century, perfectly suited this description and was distributed not only in Holland, but also in other European countries.

Over time, priorities began to change. Knights in large armor appeared, organizing tournaments, magnificent royal festivities and large carriages. In addition to strength and endurance, horses for the nobility needed a spectacular appearance and a sharp mind. In the middle of the 16th century, when the Netherlands was conquered by Spain, the genes of the Andalusian and Barbary horses were added to the thoroughbred Friesian horse. This gave the breed greatness and learning. The noble posture and the beautiful course of animals came in handy for ceremonial processions and ceremonial trips of the nobility.

With the advent of technological progress and with the change in state principles, the need for horses as a workforce and royal paraphernalia disappeared. The breed was on the verge of extinction. True connoisseurs with great difficulty saved thoroughbred horses for breeding and increased the population to sixty thousand individuals today. At the end of the 19th century, a tribal league was organized in Holland, and the Friesian horse was equated with a national treasure.

Important breed data

The birthplace of the breed is considered Holland.

Friesian horses have a good disposition and a very energetic character.

Harness friezes

Today, friezes are considered quite rare, this does not mean that they are few, no, there are breeds whose numbers are much smaller. Simply friezes are thoroughbred and very popular horses. This breed is actively used at exhibitions, they are popular on dressage. Also, due to their amazing beauty and grace, they are harnessed to carriages during expensive shows and performances.

History of the Friesian breed

The Frieze breed is Holland's main pride in horse breeding. They are the only purebred horses raised in Holland. The roots of this breed go deep into the past. The Frisian breed was recorded at the beginning of the 13th century. However, they were mentioned much earlier.

Even the historians of Rome mentioned the Frisian breed in the 1st century AD. Many images of knights on horses indicate that the Frisians were always noble horses and important persons proudly sat on them. Later, during the centenary war, Andalusian and Arabian blood mixed with Frisian blood. This greatly influenced the friezes, gracefully curved neck - proof of this.
Gradually by the 19th century, Friesian horses became a rarity due to their inaccessibility. Only the rich could afford such a horse, and thereby emphasized their status.

At the beginning of the 20th century, this heavy-duty breed appeared worthy competitors - Bovenlander. And the Friesians had to compete in order to prove their superiority. However, in heavy farm work, the friezes were significantly inferior to the Baulenladers, so the choice of farmers was not in favor of the Frisians. Farmers often crossed Friesian horses with other heavy trucks to get a stronger and more enduring horse.

Lifestyle in nature

The main distinguishing advantage of Friesian horses is their uniqueness and versatility of use. The Friesian horse will become a leader in dressage and carriage rides, and right there it will be useful in diving and sports. The horse will withstand the road along the road with any conditions, whether it be flat trails, sports fields, or absolute impassability.

Habits and temper

Friezes conceal an absolute temperament under visual composure and calm. Due to this, this breed is ideal for regular classes of amateur or professional riding. This harmony of two irreconcilable qualities of character, such as temperament and poise, is due to the fact that Friesian horses were obtained by crossing the Spanish type with horses and representatives of cold-blooded horses.

The universality of the horse lies in its special habits and manners - they easily overcome any elements of dressage, in the hands or with the saddle, it does not matter. Moreover, such horses were originally used for harnessing. But the most important destination of the Friesian horse is a carriage horse, which is famous for trot developed to the ideal. As practice shows, other horse breeds can only be done by professionals in the field of horse breeding, even a novice amateur can cope with friezes. It is difficult to meet such a breed of horses that fits in your talents the ability to cope with horseback riding and horse-drawn riding.

Despite the fact that even an amateur can keep a Frisian horse on his estate, horses of this breed require a clear and regular care. The main difference of such a horse is the hair brushes on the limbs, which prevents the risks of bacteria and fungi. A long mane and tail do not carry any difficulties in care. It is advisable to braid your hair in braids, allocating several days to rest in a loose form. Three times a week, the hair is sprayed with conditioner for easy combing. Wool requires the same care so as not to accumulate dandruff and dust. Once a month (or once every 45 days), the frieze hooves need to be cleaned, lubricated with a special hoof ointment. More often horse breeders grease hooves on all sides with olive oil, preventing the appearance of dryness and creases.

Due to a properly prepared diet, horse health indicators such as blood pressure, body temperature, functioning of internal organs and respiratory system depend. Adequate food suggests the right level of productivity and usefulness of using the horse - muscle work. And it directly depends on metabolism and digestion.

Protein nutrition is necessary for stallions to build muscle, producers for seed production, mares for milk production. Fiber and carbohydrates are important in the horse's diet. No less important are minerals and vitamin complexes in the horse's diet. Young individuals require calcium and phosphorus, in general, horses need vitamin B. In the summer, the diet of the frieze should consist of green fodder and fresh grass, in winter concentrated, succulent and coarse fodder, in particular oat and barley grains. Rye and wheat bran will improve the digestive system and metabolism, increase appetite. Coarse feed alternates with hay after an hour of time, in which you need to have perennial grasses, cereals and legumes. Beets, carrots and potatoes, as well as regular preparation of granola, will be useful for friezes.

Interesting facts about Friesian horses

In order to understand the distinctive features and popularity of the Friesian horse breed, we can draw conclusions from the following fascinating facts about it.

  1. Since ancient times, the friezes were used for ceremonies and processions, today in parades because of noble posture and luxurious hair.
  2. The famous World Equestrian Games opened in The Hague in 1994, the six best friezes harnessed the royal carriage.
  3. Despite the great successes, in diving experienced professionals prefer to use more intellectually developed horse breeds.
  4. Having a temperament, but gentle character and friendliness, such horses will become a faithful companion, even for a horse lover.
  5. Only the Friesian breed of horses can boast of such high speed on any gait.
  6. Very often, experienced horse breeding professionals confuse the frieze with the Fell pony, which cannot be distinguished from the exterior of the black frieze.
  7. The Friesian horses were on the verge of extinction twice, only by the efforts of the Dutch horse breeders the breed was saved.
  8. For any owner, the frieze will be the perfect substitute for a grass mower.
  9. Friesian horses are very fond of sweets, so you need to regularly feed them sugar.