Among the ancestor breeds of sharpei dogs, most zoologists include mastiffs, as well as Chow Chows. This is supported by very noticeable external similarities, as well as the blue-black language peculiar to only two breeds.
It is believed that the breed was bred about three thousand years ago, and initially they were actively used to organize and conduct dog fights. This was largely promoted by a favorable physique and other features of the animal: powerful jaws, folds on thick skin, as well as short but prickly coat.
However, as other dogs with better characteristics began to be imported into China, making them more suitable for fighting, it was no longer necessary to use sharpei for these purposes.
Since then, sharpei have been used mainly for hunting and guarding houses belonging to peasants. However, in the mid-twentieth century, this breed was almost exterminated because its representatives were considered a privilege of the upper class, which was persecuted during the revolution.
The restoration of the breed began in the early 70s of the 20th century, when dogs of this breed began to actively buy and prepare for recovery. And today sharpei are in great demand and are in demand not only in China, but throughout the world (including in Russia).
The average life expectancy of sharpei is about ten years. But, in general, this indicator depends on the state of health of the animal, which, in turn, is due to a number of factors.
Preventive measures to prevent the development of animal diseases
The most important measures to prevent the development of sharpei diseases include:
- Proper nutrition
- Properly organized care
- Timely diagnosis of violations
- Despite the fact that sharpei differ in pretty good health, there are recognitions of violations that every person should know in whose life a dog of this breed appeared.
What disorders can develop in sharpei dogs?
Sharpey fever and allergy. Hereditary fever in sharpei (this disease is also called "hock swelling syndrome") can occur as follows. The dog manifests itself:
- Lowering the hock directly while simultaneously affecting some other joints,
- The unwillingness of the dog to make any movement,
- Swelling of the muzzle, which is painful
- Respiratory failure (it becomes painful and superficial),
- Digestive disorders (urge to vomit, diarrhea).
Occasional fever is one of the hallmarks of hereditary fever. Signs of the disease include fever up to 39.4 - 41.7 degrees, episodic attacks lasting from one to one and a half days. Most often, this disease manifests itself in animals under the age of one and a half years, but nonetheless, adult dogs are also susceptible to it.
Usually, over time, the frequency and duration of seizures decreases, but in the absence of proper treatment, the dog’s ability to control the immune system decreases, which can lead to the death of the animal from an amyloidosis disease, often associated with fever.
Allergic reactions dogs can manifest as follows:
- A food allergy that occurs on certain foods that, for one reason or another, are not suitable for the animal,
- Atopy. A negative reaction to some components of the environment in which sharpei is located,
- Allergy to insect bites (including fleas),
- Allergy to grass (including indoor plants),
- Allergy to the respiratory tract.
To choose the right treatment, you must identify the root cause of the allergy. And choose the right type of medication (most often in such cases, cortisone and other antihistamines are prescribed).
The risk of allergic reactions in sharpei increases significantly due to the fact that animals have a rather weak immune system. That is why, in order to prevent the development of complications, it is necessary to take the following timely measures:
- Vaccination given at the right time
- The right choice of shampoo and other care products for the hair and skin of the animal.
Sharpei shakes his head
If sharpei begins to shake his head, which was previously not observed for the dog, it is necessary to pay attention to some aspects of the animal’s health. In particular, he may develop the following diseases:
Otitis. The risk of developing otitis media in sharpei is quite high because the animals of this breed are distinguished by small ears and fairly narrow ear canals.
In this violation, the animal must regularly flush the ears with a special veterinary solution.
Using cotton swabs for these purposes is extremely undesirable - this creates a risk that the discharge will be driven even further and deeper. It is enough to lightly treat the animal’s ears with a cotton swab, and she will push the rest out herself.
Eye diseases. The most common eye diseases include:
Entropion. In this case, the eyelid wraps around the animal, and irritation appears on the cornea of the eye. Lack of timely treatment can lead to significant visual impairment and even loss of vision.
Glaucoma. Another disease, the neglected stage of which can lead to complete blindness of the animal. also, as in the previous case, the animal is turning the eyelid to the eye and irritating the cornea.
Due to increased lacrimation and infection, ulcers can also form inside the eye. The advanced stages of the disease often require surgical intervention. In glaucoma, breeding of this animal is highly undesirable, as it often has a genetic nature.
It is not known exactly when this breed appeared. The first mentions are found in 220 BC. Then the Chinese sharpei were temple animals, after they were used in battles. After a couple of centuries of breeding, sharpei have become popular with humans as companion dogs. In 1978, the first exhibition dedicated to this breed was held. How much are sharpei? The price depends on the pedigree of the parents and the fame of the kennel from which the dog comes. The average price of a sharpei puppy in Russia is 15,000 p.
These are strong dogs with a rectangular torso. The main distinguishing feature is sharpei leather. There is a lot of it, and therefore on the body it forms a large number of folds. In battles, excess skin is designed to protect the dog’s vital organs from damage. In everyday life, this feature can cause a lot of trouble, because the skin between the folds often fades from the heat, and inflammation forms on it.
Dogs of this breed have short and prickly hair, the undercoat is completely absent. Normally, an adult sharpei should weigh from 16 to 23 kg. Another distinctive feature of the breed is its almost black tongue and sky. How many sharpei live depends on the proper care of the dogs. When creating optimal conditions, they live 10-12 years.
Of course, the clinical picture of all diseases varies. And yet, there are basic signs that may indicate that the animal must be shown to the veterinarian:
- inflammation and redness of the mucous membranes,
- secretion of mucus and pus from the eyes, nose and ears,
- loss of activity and apathy,
- excessive irritability and aggression,
- long refusal of food,
- shortness of breath, hoarse and heavy breathing,
- brittleness and hair loss,
- constipation or diarrhea,
- increase or decrease in body temperature.
When the first symptoms of the disease appear, you should not self-medicate. One symptom may indicate a wide variety of diseases. It is necessary to timely and correctly diagnose sharpei disease in order to have time to take the necessary measures. The following are the main diseases that this breed of dog is prone to.
Many owners of this breed of dogs point to this feature of the health of sharpei. A negative reaction can manifest itself on anything:
- for food,
- for detergents
- to dust
- for drugs
- on wool (and sometimes on their own),
- on parasites and insects.
It is believed that sharpei are most susceptible to food allergies. In this case, symptoms can occur both immediately after eating, and after a long time. The fact is that with this disease, harm from certain allergens in the body accumulates. Over time, immunity ceases to cope with them, and signs of allergy appear. Although previously there was no such reaction.
The main symptoms of sharpei allergy:
- severe itching
- bad dog smell
- local baldness of the skin,
- increased lacrimation,
- the dog is sweating, wet marks are clearly visible on the body,
- problems with the ears.
To cope with the disease, you first need to understand what exactly caused this reaction. It is necessary to exclude contact of the dog with the allergen. How to feed sharpei? First of all, the dog needs to be transferred to hypoallergenic food. If this does not help, you should continue your search for the irritant. In case of acute attacks, the dog is given anti-allergic drugs.
Hereditary fever is an inflammatory disease of sharpei, which is genetic in nature. The birth of offspring with a similar pathology is possible only if both parents carry the gene responsible for this disease.
The main symptoms of amyloidosis:
- A sudden increase in temperature at sharpei to 39-42 degrees. In this case, the attack lasts 12-16 hours.
- Severe inflammation and swelling of the joints (most often the lower leg). The skin at the site of swelling seems hot. The dog feels pain.
- Swelling and inflammation of the lips, wrists and ankles.
- Pain in the abdomen.
- A clumsy, strange pet walk.
Fever occurs due to any stressful situations:
- going to the vet
- at the dog, if there is a current bitch nearby,
- increased activity
- other diseases.
Sharpey's hereditary fever cannot be cured. You can only take measures to eliminate the accompanying symptoms. If the dog has a very high body temperature, she needs to be given aspirin. When it does not help, and the temperature is very high, the dog is given dipyrone. Sometimes, during the period of exacerbation, dogs are given intravenous droppers to support the body. In extreme cases, the animal may need emergency medical attention. Antibiotics during exacerbation are not accepted.
For the purpose of prevention, you should try to avoid stressful situations for the animal. At the first symptoms of a fever, the animal should immediately be given antipyretic drugs.
In sharpei, eye diseases are most often associated with excess skin on the dog's face. Most often they have a twist of the century. At the same time, eyelashes scratch the cornea of the eye, because of which it is severely injured and inflamed. The main symptoms of a twisted eyelid:
- combing a sore eye,
- increased lacrimation,
- redness and inflammation of the eye,
- rapid blinking.
Inversion of the eyelid in an adult sharpei can lead to the development of conjunctivitis. Previously, to solve this problem, dogs underwent surgery in which part of the skin was cut out. Now among breeders and many veterinarians practicing eyelid filing in puppies. In this case, excess skin on the eyelids is sutured with a thread without anesthesia to reduce the risk of death of the animal. A more humane method of eyelid stepping, in which the veterinarian fixes the skin with a medical stapler.
Ear, nose, and jaw problems
Sharpei quite often have problems with bite. They are associated with improper arrangement of the front teeth.
Another bite problem is associated with tight lip syndrome. Due to excess tissue in the lower lip area, she closes her teeth. It becomes uncomfortable for the dog to chew food. Correction requires surgical intervention.
According to the breed standard - sharpei have small neat ears. In this regard, the dog has a narrow ear canal, due to which it is quite often contaminated. Breeders recommend flushing ears with sharpei at least twice a month. For cleaning, do not use ear sticks, because they only push the dirt deeper and compress it.
Due to excess skin in the nose, sharpei often snore. The reason for shortness of breath can be a wide sky. In this case, only a surgeon who can remove excess tissue can help the dog.
Large skin folds are located throughout the body of sharpei. In the hot season, after active walks, the space between the folds begins to shine. The dog develops irritation and inflammation. The result can be sharpei skin diseases. To avoid inflammation, the space between the folds should be sprinkled with baby powder. Treat the resulting redness with a healing anti-inflammatory ointment.
The Demodex canis tick causes demodicosis. Sharpei on the head, torso and legs can see areas of dry skin. The dog feels a strong itch, begins to itch. Reddened and bald patches of skin appear. Sharpei disease is treated with special shampoos and ointments.
Sharpei tend to gain weight quickly, which often leads to big health problems. Obesity can cause shortness of breath, problems with the heart, liver, and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. It can lead to the death of the animal. If the dog's weight has exceeded the breed norms, you need to pay close attention to this.
How to feed sharpei? To combat obesity, it is necessary to use feeds intended for animals overweight. In case of feeding with natural food, you should use low-fat beef, chicken and turkey. Food should not be in the bowl all day, and you should not respond to the begging of the animal. Feed should be given in the proportions indicated on the package. A dog cannot be fed human food. It is worth increasing the activity of the animal. You can increase the time of walks. During them you need to often play with the dog.
A walk under the scorching sun can end in failure. The main symptoms of heat stroke: the dog lies on its side and often breathes with its mouth, fever, apathy, lack of reaction to the call of the owner. First of all, the dog needs to be moved to a cool dark place. Wool should be wetted, a cool compress should be applied to the nose and face. If the condition of the dog does not improve, it must be urgently shown to the doctor. To prevent overheating, you should not walk for a long time at high air temperature and under the scorching sun. You need to take water with you for walks, and periodically offer it to your dog.
Due to a malfunction of the thyroid gland, there is a decrease in the hormones responsible for the metabolism in the body. The main symptoms of sharpei disease:
- fast weight gain despite moderate nutrition,
- hair loss
- peeling skin
- secondary skin infections
- drop in activity
- fluid flows from the ears
- loss of immunity.
With accurate diagnosis of hypothyroidism, hormones are prescribed to the animal that help normalize the thyroid gland.
Sometimes during walks, dogs can pick up from the road what will later cause them to be poisoned. Expired and stale feeds are no less dangerous.The main symptoms of poisoning: vomiting, diarrhea, fever, refusal to eat. To help the dog should be given activated charcoal, or Smecta.
Congenital idiopathic megaesophagus is most often characteristic of puppies. The main symptoms: belching, delayed digestion due to the expansion of the esophagus, increased salivation, difficulty swallowing food. The most effective is surgery.
Thus, the unusual appearance of sharpei has become the reason for their predisposition to certain diseases. The skin of the dog needs special care, because it is prone to inflammation and infections. Due to the shape of the muzzle, the dog may have problems with eyes, ears and breathing. Most health problems can be resolved by contacting a doctor on time.
How many sharpei live depends on the care and responsibility of their owners.
If the sharpei has hair loss and it itches
The reason for this behavior of the animal may be demodicosis. This disease is most often provoked by a tick. In this case, the dog often has hair loss, itchy skin. This is a very common disease.
In the early stages of the disease, patches of dry skin are found on various parts of the dog’s body. In order to stop the itching, the animal begins to actively itch. This, in turn, provokes redness of the skin, the appearance of bald spots.
Most often, the violation is treated by choosing the right shampoo, as well as all the medicines he needs.
Other common sharpei diseases:
- Deep skin infections (particularly pyoderma)
- Thyroid disease (hypothyroidism),
- Elbow dysplasia
- Prolapse of the lacrimal gland of the third century,
- Tumors on the skin or internal organs (e.g., mastocytoma),
- Primary seborrhea, resulting from the fact that excess sebum is collected on the skin, provoking the appearance of an unpleasant odor and peeling of the skin,
- Renal amyloidosis,
- Hip dysplasia. The neglected stages of the disease can provoke the development of severe pain in the joints, and subsequently arthritis and severe lameness.