Dogue de Bordeaux is a respectable gentleman who rarely reveals true emotions. Under the mask of pretense of importance hides a good-natured and cheerful fat man who is worth making friends with!
- Breed Name: Dogue de bordeaux
- Country of origin: France
- Breeding time: 1954 year
- Weight: males at least 50 kg, females at least 45 kg
- Height (height at the withers): males 60-68 cm, females 58-66 cm
- Life span: 9-11 years old
- Despite the frightening appearance, Bordeaux will become a loving and faithful friend to his family, and in particular to his master.
- Dogs do not tolerate loneliness and therefore every minute they accompany loved ones, taking a feasible part in their life.
- The breed is not suitable for families with small children (up to six years): games with a huge dog can be traumatic.
- Dogue de Bordeaux gets along with other pets under certain conditions, but it will never work out with unfamiliar brethren of friendship.
- This dog is a great watchman who will not allow a stranger to boss in the territory entrusted to him and will rush to the attack at the slightest threat.
- Bordeaux need timely socialization, otherwise you run the risk of becoming the owner of a naughty pet.
- Training a Bordeaux dog is not an easy task, so you should arm yourself with patience and, if necessary, seek the help of a professional.
- A representative of this breed is not the most suitable option for a clean and tidy person: you should not expect either one or the other from the dog.
Dogue de bordeaux It seems an unsociable giant, but deep down he is not averse to show affection and soak in the arms of the owner. A strong affection for family members often takes a serious turn: if a huge dog decided that now is the right time for “kisses,” then leaving dry after a meeting with a loving pet will not work. However, it is hardly worth considering such a strong sociability as a flaw, because this is a kind of "key" with which the dog will open the door to the heart of the future owner! So feel free to make acquaintance with the dogue de Bordeaux if you dream of a devoted friend who will bestow love and attention. A representative companion inspires confidence and a sense of security.
Dog breed history
The origin of the Bordeaux dog is considered the bone of contention of dog handlers all over the world: it is not known for certain who became the progenitor of the breed, and the debate still does not subside. Three theories are common among dog breeders. According to the first version, the dogs came from the fighting "French", participants in the bloody dog pits. Adherents of the second theory believe that the breed came from bulldogs. The third version says that the genotype of dogs is directly related to Tibetan mastiffs.
The first theory became the most common: “Bordeaux” inherited their appearance from the ancient Alans, which were widespread among the Spaniards and French. These fighting dogs were described in detail by Gaston de Foix, who was fond of hunting and published a whole book in the 14th century, where Alan is one of the oldest hunting breeds in France. The grasp of a powerful dog was proportional to the grasp of three greyhounds at the same time, so the Alans were bred for bullying boars and other large prey. At the same time, animals were also suitable for protecting cattle, transporting freshened carcasses, and even for participating in a widespread bloodthirsty pastime - dog pits.
All the dogs of France were divided into three types. The differences between them were dramatic. There were dogs with a uniform color or points on the entire surface of the body, a small or large head, a straight or scissor bite ... They contributed to the appearance of the modern breed.
For a long time, Bordeaux dogs were known as French mastiffs. Everything changed in 1863. The animals were introduced under the current name. The victory was won by a dog named Magent, and this was the first step towards official recognition of the breed.
Encouraged by the success, the breeders set about actively breeding dogs that at least remotely resembled dogs. Everyone confidently claimed that it was in his nursery that one could find purebred animals. Despite the obvious similarity between the "Bordeaux" and the Bullmastiffs, the fact of their kinship was denied. However, most dog breeders argued the opposite: the British used the Bordeaux Great Dane to breed similar animals.
Purebred dogs still survived - however, in negligible amounts. Breeder Euler managed to get a pair of representatives of the breed - male Buffalo and a female Sultana. Since 1892, active work began on the breeding of purebred "Bordeaux".
Four years later, veterinarian Pierre Menen, who led a group of breeders, introduced the first breed standard deducted from the aforementioned Buffalo. While other breeders considered it necessary to recognize the dogs exclusively with a dark “mask”, Menyen did not support this hypothesis. The veterinarian’s explanation was simple: markings of this kind are a sign of incest of breeds, so dogs with a uniform color or with a “mask” of a brownish tint should be selected. Subsequently, Menyon encouraged the breeding of exclusively red Bordeaux dogs with uncropped ears.
In 1910, a certain Mr. Kunstler joined the activities of Pierre Meniène. Being a professional dog handler and a passionate dog lover, the man wrote a lengthy article about the dogue de Bordeaux, using reliable documents and facts. Kunstler's portrait of the animal was an extended breed standard. Like Menen, the dog handler believed that the presence of a black “mask” on the muzzle of “Bordeaux” is unacceptable, since such a dog is not considered a purebred.
The first pedigree club was founded in 1924 under the leadership of A. Bare. He was responsible for restoring the breed after the events of the First World War. Two years later, based on an article by Kunstler, Bara created a new standard.
The breed was almost on the verge of extinction after 1939-1945, when the number of dogs was catastrophically reduced. Since the Bordeaux dogs were quite large animals, feeding them in wartime proved to be an almost impossible task. Many dogs were killed or euthanized so as not to burden themselves with an additional “burden” in the face of a hungry pet. Few breeders selflessly guarded their wards. In the history of the Dogue de Bordeaux, only one name is preserved - Mr. Van Capel, who did not leave the dogs to their fate.
Fortunately, French Aquitaine was hardly affected by bloody battles, and a few "Bordeaux" managed to survive. The re-restoration of the Great Dane in 1960 was first undertaken by dog handler Raymond Triquet. A. Bare again created a breed club. Despite the efforts of breeders, by 1966 only five purebred dogs were registered. During the breeding, puppies from the few litters lived at home with the breeders or their close friends.
The results of Trike's organized activities became clear by 1970. Together with Maurice Luke, the dog handler created the third standard. A year later, FCI officially registered the Bordeaux dogs. In 1993, Monsieur Luke again set about creating a standard - this time with Philippe Ceray. At the same time, the Saga of the Dogue of Bordeaux was published in two volumes.
Over time, the breed became famous. Its representatives were everywhere imported to other states for further selection. The “Bordeaux” were crossed with the Japanese Tosa Inu, used to breed the Argentine Great Dane and save the line of English mastiffs. Bordeaux dogs entered the territory of Russia in 1900. Among the introduced “Bordeaux” stood out Svetlana Dorogova’s pet - the handsome Belmondo, the world champion among his brothers. Three years later, he won in Moscow, where among the 60 Bordeaux dogs, the jury selected the dog Dorogova. Belmondo became an honorary participant in the Bordeaux breeding program and attracted public attention to his breed.
The appearance of the dogue de bordeaux
Nature generously rewarded the Bordeaux Great Dane with an athletic physique, good health and remarkable strength. Despite some squat, “bordos” look harmonious, and the extravagant charm of animals smooths out their external rudeness.
The standard provides for a certain growth and weight of Bordeaux dogs. The height of the dogs at the withers reaches 60-68 cm, their body weight is 50 kg and above. Other parameters are inherent in females: height is about 58-66 cm and weight is in the range of 45-50 kg. Sexual dimorphism is pronounced. The males are massive and heavy, and their character is more restless.
Head and skull
When viewed from above, the trapezoid shape of the head is noticeable; when viewed from the front of the animal, it is square. The convex forehead is divided by a shallow hollow in the center. From it, folds diverge, which deepen when the Bordeaux mastiff is excited. The superciliary arches and cheekbones of the dog give the skull a noticeable volume.
The muzzle of the Bordeaux is slightly shorter than the forehead. Its distinguishing feature is the “mask” a tone darker than the main color of the coat. Stop pronounced, is almost a right angle. The wide lobe is upturned, but not flattened. Fleshy lips, form an inverted "tick". The chin is massive.
The small ears of the Dogue de Bordeaux are rounded, barely reaching with their tips to the outer edge of the eyes. Their high and wide (in comparison with each other) landing visually makes the dog’s skull more massive. The ears are raised in the excited state of the animal and fit snugly on the cheekbones if the dog is alert.
Set quite low. The color of the iris can be different: hazel or brown - in dogs with a dark “mask” on the face, light brown - in animals with a red “mask”. The latter option is also characteristic of dogs with a complete absence of a “mask”.
Jaws and teeth
The lower jaw of the Bordeaux dog stands forward and slightly rises above the upper. Dog incisors set in line. Representatives of the breed are characterized by a snack (bulldog-like bite).
The neck of the Bordeaux dog has a cylindrical shape. The scruff is convex, connected to the wide withers of the animal. The visibility of the chest and suspension creates folds of skin on the dog's throat.
The body of the "Bordeaux" is elongated, characterized by a massive skeleton. The withers are elevated. The shoulder blades are tightly pressed. The back passes into a rather convex lower back, and that - into an inclined croup of a dog. The chest is well filled. Rounded ribs slightly flattened on both sides. The lower part of the chest goes into a tightened bottom line.
It has a wide base and moderate length. Its tip is lowered to the hock of the animal. In a calm state, the tail falls, and in movement rises by 100 °.
The coat of the Bordeaux dog is short and thin, quite soft, tightly fits the body of the dog. The undercoat is missing.
The breed standard allows for dark and light shades of brown. White points on the chest and fingertips are acceptable. The “mask” is a tone darker, may be black or absent. The latter case is characterized by a reddish or pink color of the nose.
Any (even the slightest) deviation from the standard of the Bordeaux dog is considered a breed defect. Most often found:
- close bulldog-like, scissor-like or straight bite,
- rocking the croup in a vertical plane while moving,
- weak and rather stretched back and / or lower back,
- sharply tightened or straight line of the abdomen,
- unexpressed muscles of the limbs,
- closely set and / or round eyes,
- timidity and melancholy,
- weighted movements
- loose physique,
- undeveloped jaws
- hyper excitability
- elongated neck
- small teeth.
The disqualifying defects of the Bordeaux dog include:
- humpback / sagging back and / or lower back,
- domed or bulldog-like head,
- a barrel-shaped or a breast-like breast,
- white points on the head and body of the dog,
- aggressive or cowardly behavior,
- square or elongated case,
- large or small section of the eyes,
- atypical pigmentation of the iris,
- low or high neck fit,
- excessive thinness or obesity,
- snoring when moving an animal,
- shortened upper lip
- "Femininity" of males,
- a very short tail,
- undescended testes,
- straight fangs.
Dogo Bordeaux character
The frightening appearance of the Bordeaux dog is the main reason why people consider these dogs to be aggressive and dangerous. It is worth dropping stereotypes - and the dog will appear before you to others: playful, loyal and loving. There is no worse punishment for an animal than loneliness. Lack of attention negatively affects the behavior of the Bordeaux, so don't be surprised if spoiled furniture, broken vases and an overturned bucket of water await you when you return home.
Representatives of the breed are completely devoted to the family in which they live, and especially to their owner. Crouching at the desk or sitting comfortably on the couch, do not be too lazy to lower your hand down: after a few minutes, your pet’s wet nose will surely rest in it. As soon as you decide to leave the room, the dog will immediately follow, no matter how strong and comfortable her sleep was.
The Bordeaux mastiff behaves similarly on the street. Walking without a leash, the animal prefers not to leave far from the owner so as not to lose sight of it. So that your pet can stretch its legs, take a light run in the city park. This will not only cheer up the dog, but also provide you with a little peace of mind in the evening: a tired dog will take a place on your favorite litter, and will not arrange a rout in order to throw out the accumulated energy.
"Bordeaux" can not be called a family dog, but nevertheless he easily gets along with children over six years old. The fuss and noise of a younger child is perceived by the dog as a potential threat. In addition, the enormous dimensions of the animal make it rather traumatic: passing by, a Bordeaux dog can inadvertently push your child or fall on him during the game. Dog handlers recommend postponing the purchase of the dog until the children go to school, but even in this case it is necessary to closely monitor the relationship that develops with the child and the Bordeaux. The slightest conflict should be stopped in the bud.
Dog cohabitation with other pets is possible under certain conditions. A well-bred dog will not bite its teeth on its congener, but the same cannot be said for males, which most often develop rival relationships with animals of the same sex. Dogue de Bordeaux will quite easily get along with a domestic cat, but when it sees a stranger, it will certainly rush in pursuit and, most likely, will please with its “prey”. On a walk, it is not recommended to lower the dog from the leash, if you do not want to become an accomplice in the bloody reprisal. The representatives of this breed are overly aggravated hunting instinct, so you should not risk it, even if you are confident in the calm of the pet.
The socialized dogue de Bordeaux will not rush into an attack on a stranger. The main thing is to treat the giant with respect and not bother him with excessive attention. Listen to the grunts of the dog: this is often a warning signal, after which an attack may follow.
The representatives of the breed make excellent guards. “Bordeaux” will not be allowed to enter without demand for the territory entrusted to them. Even when a stranger appears, the dog will not immediately rush in pursuit. First, the animal will try to scare the unwanted guest with a formidable appearance, and only then will show strength. If it comes to protecting the family, the dogue de Bordeaux will fight to the last and, most likely, will be the winner.
An interesting feature of the character of the dog is its intolerance to the smell of alcohol. Refrain from walking with the Great Dane during city festivals: a meeting with a drunk person can cause a pet to become irritable. Under certain circumstances, a dog attacks, and keeping a dog of that size — even on a leash — is quite difficult.
Parenting and training
Dogs of Bordeaux are quick-witted and have developed intelligence, but this does not at all facilitate the process of education and training. Starting from puppyhood, it is necessary to teach the pet to treat people with confidence. Regularly take the baby in your arms and gently stroke its soft fur. In the consciousness of "Bordeaux" a person will be associated with positive emotions. However, do not trust the manifestation of affection for outsiders who do not know how to handle dogs.
Many owners of Bordeaux dogs say that puppies are most obedient at the age of three weeks. It is at this time that it is necessary to begin active education and accustoming the baby to the rules of behavior. It is not recommended to stop training for a long time. The learned has the property of being forgotten, especially as the “bordeaux” grows older and new distractions appear.
From the very beginning, the dog must learn a simple truth: there is only one leader in the “pack,” and this is not him. If you show gentleness of character, the matured dog will create a lot of trouble. Representatives of the breed are quite wayward and know how to find weak spots in the "armor" of the owner. In addition, Bordeaux dogs are excellent manipulators, so they may soon begin to train you.
Wean the pet to jump paws on the chest. It is unlikely that you will be happy when a 50-kilogram dog does this, and not a charming puppy. Excessive obsession is another character trait of the Bordeaux dog that should be eradicated. Remember: the slightest indulgence on the part of any member of the family will nullify your attempts to raise a decent dog from your pet.
Representatives of the breed quickly absorb what is required of them. Your task is to encourage the pet at the right moments. Do not force the Bordeaux mastiff: it will not help. It is much more effective to make the dog herself want to fulfill your requirement. There are many ways: a treat, an extraordinary walk in the park or your favorite pet toy.
Training Bordeaux Great Dane is quite difficult. Along with an inquiring mind, dogs are independent and stubborn, so learning a new team may take more than one day. Training should be consistent and short (no more than an hour). Do not raise your voice at your pet and encourage his success with gentle stroking or treats. Sharp shouts and rude orders are your main enemy: a distressed animal is lost and trained even worse. If the Dogue de Bordeaux indulges, limit yourself to a strict reprimand, and then immediately cheer up the dog, offering to repeat the command.
Dog breeders note that representatives of this breed quite often are lazy and become slow. Do not scold the dog for long pondering teams. It is worth gaining the respect and love of a four-legged friend, and the training process will go like a knurled path!
An important point in the training of the Bordeaux dog is a walk on a leash. Do not let the puppy pull you forward! As you grow older it will be harder to keep the animal. If the pet breaks from the leash, pull it, otherwise you will change roles during the walk.
Care and maintenance
Shorthair dog breeds do not require painstaking care, and the Dogue de Bordeaux is no exception. The only thing you have to tinker with is water procedures. These dogs love to wallow in the mud, so be prepared to bring home not a pet, but a huge and seemingly unfamiliar mess. Dogue de Bordeaux is bathed as needed or twice a month. For washing, use a zoo shampoo or its dry counterpart (the latter is becoming increasingly popular among dog breeders).
In addition to bathing, you will have to wipe the face of the dog every day, and especially its folds. They often accumulate saliva and food, because the animal eats extremely sloppy. Arm yourself with a moistened cloth flap and carefully remove all excess from the folds on the face. This will help prevent odors.
Caring for the coat of the Bordeaux dog is effortless. It is enough to wipe it two or three times a week with a cloth (to give a healthy shine). During seasonal molting, which proceeds almost imperceptibly, use a special mitten with silicone “growths”. They delicately remove dead hair from your pet’s hair.
The auricles of the dogue de Bordeaux tend to accumulate dust and dirt, thereby creating a favorable environment for the reproduction of bacteria. Your task is to prevent possible inflammation. Lift your ear and wipe it with a moistened cotton pad. Use a cotton swab to remove sulfur, but be careful: careless movement can damage the animal’s eardrums! If you don’t want to take risks, wrap gauze over your finger and do the same. The result will not be as effective, but safe.
Remember: an unpleasant smell, redness or a huge accumulation of sulfur is an alarming sign and an occasion to contact a veterinary clinic.
Do not forget to inspect and wipe the pet's eyes. For this procedure, use a cotton pad moistened with low-brewed tea or warm boiled water. If the abundant discharge in the corners of the eyes is unhealthy, make an appointment with a veterinarian. Your inaction in the future will create a lot of problems with the dog’s health.
The oral cavity of the dogue de Bordeaux needs no less care. Brush your animal’s teeth three times a week with a paste for dogs and an old brush. You can use a more budgetary option: wrap your finger in gauze and walk them on the teeth of the “Bordeaux”. If your pet is behaving uneasily, calm him down with a gentle stroking and a promise to give a treat after the end of the “execution”.
The claws are shortened twice a month with claws. Use a file to remove sharp edges and burrs. Do not forget to wipe your feet carefully after a walk. If cracks or wounds appear, grease the pads with a greasy baby cream or antiseptic. It will not be superfluous to include sunflower oil in the ration of the dogue of Bordeaux (no more than one teaspoon per day).
Important: wool treatment with parasite and deworming should be carried out regularly - once and four times a month, respectively.
Dogue de Bordeaux is not inclined to fullness with a balanced and properly selected diet. The more uniform and “easier” the food, the more harmonious the digestion of the dog. With a natural diet, meat should be the basis of daily nutrition. It must be alternated with by-products, sea fish and dairy products. Periodically, you can treat your pet with fruits and vegetables, and in the winter, compensate for their absence with a complex of vitamins and minerals.
When using industrial feed, purchase premium products, while not forgetting to focus on options for large dog breeds. A visit to the veterinarian is not out of place: he will tell you which food is better to pay attention to.
Exclude from the diet of the Bordeaux dog:
- river fish (including canned food),
- caffeinated foods
- spicy and salty foods
- mushrooms in any form,
- pitted fruits
- raw eggs and meat,
- yeast dough,
- tubular bones
- fatty foods
- onion and garlic,
In the dog’s bowl there should always be fresh water - bottled or from the tap, pre-infused for 6-8 hours.
Representatives of the breed need daily hour walks, especially in urban environments. In the hot season, give preference to morning and evening boardwalks: high temperature causes the "Bordeaux" hoarse breathing and shortness of breath. You can take a bottle of water with you, and upon returning home, give your dog a cool shower for several minutes.
If possible, go with a four-legged friend to nature, so that he will run free. Take your favorite ball and treat with you: repeating the learned teams in the fresh air is a great alternative to the usual home-based training.
Dogue de Bordeaux is difficult to keep in an apartment. You will have to provide comfortable conditions, including active walks, so that the animal feels at ease and does not seek to release the accumulated energy to the detriment of your interior.
Health and Diseases of the Dogue de Bordeaux
"Bordeaux" are distinguished by good health and are practically not affected by common diseases. At the same time, do not forget that adult dogs can boast of immunity. Unvaccinated puppies are a vulnerable target. It is not recommended to walk the baby on the street before you do all the necessary vaccinations.
Most often, Bordeaux dogs suffer from the following ailments:
- dysplasia of the elbow and / or hip joints,
- diseases of the cardiovascular system,
- respiratory infections
- kidney disease
- intestinal torsion,
In bitches, difficult births are often observed. Do not leave your pet and be prepared to give her all possible assistance.
How to choose a puppy
When planning to make a charming four-legged friend, decide on his class. Dogs of the "show" category can win the show, because they are as high as possible according to the breed standard. For animals of the brid class, minor deviations are allowed, but this does not prevent the use of dogs for breeding. The Bordeaux dogs of the pet class are typical pets, whose non-compliance with the standard does not allow participation in exhibitions or tribal programs.
The next stage is the sex of the animal. Bitches are more obedient, but they should not occupy cunning and female craftiness. Males are vague and independent, so you have to show remarkable strength of character in communicating with them.
Now you can begin to search for a proven nursery. Before meeting the kids, ask the breeder to introduce you to their parents. Pay attention to possible defects: they can be inherited by the puppies. It is equally important to check the necessary documentation: a veterinary passport, a pedigree diploma, the results of a dysplasia test. Only after that can you go to meet with a future friend.
A healthy puppy is moderately playful and curious. The animal should not limp, whine for no reason, cowardly hide, show lethargy or excessive excitement. Carefully inspect the baby and finally check the stigma and nickname with his passport. Now you can start a deal with the breeder.
Description and Features
At Great Dane breed there is a second, more popular name - the French mastiff. This is a strong and slightly frightening appearance dog, which is often starred in movies and TV shows. Unfortunately, her reputation is poor.
In cinema, the dog is often shown as a negative character, evil and treacherous. But, such an image is completely not characteristic of him. French mastiff - the cutest creature on earth!
If we talk about the temperament of the animal, then he is phlegmatic. It is quite silent, restrained and cold-blooded. However, in some situations, it can behave like a choleric, bark loudly, aggression and move jerky. But this only happens in the event of a real threat.
Interesting! Biologists and zoopsychologists claim that benign aggression is common among some mammals, including dogs. It was previously believed that it is peculiar exclusively to people. This concept implies an aggravation of the defense mechanism in order to preserve oneself and one's brothers.
Great Dane of Bordeaux is a great watchman. He is vigilant, careful, attentive and focused. Even if the dog is relaxed, he does not cease to carefully monitor the territory. Most of the day lies or sleeps, therefore, prone to fullness. However, if an unfamiliar beast or person tries to enter his house, he immediately attacks him.
Do not underestimate the power of this dog! At the time of the attack, it can cause serious physical harm to a person. Some dog handlers specially train representatives of the breed so that they become more angry and intolerant of people. This is not necessary, because nature initially endowed the mastiff with excellent protective potential.
Earlier, European police attempted to drag Bordeaux dogs to criminals. However, they were not productive. Why? It's all about the famous explosive nature of these animals.
Yes, they are phlegmatic, calm and balanced, but in the presence of a threat (and in the police service it arises regularly) they are furious. Of course, a service dog cannot harm a person, even a runaway or dangerous criminal. Since representatives of this breed are ineffective in this regard.
To cope with the mad energy of such a dog is very difficult. He often becomes uncontrollable, especially if he was not involved in his upbringing from early childhood. By the way, the breed was first formed in France.
Mastiffs were brought to Russia only in 1990. Then, for the first time, a dog show was organized here, at which 5 such dogs were presented. Since then, no changes have been made to standardization. Great Dane of Bordeaux in the photo looks like a powerful monster. It is very large, weighs from 81 to 90 kg and is tall, height from 62 to 68 cm. Females are less in weight and height than males.
The physique of the dog is stocky, strong and harmonious. He has a wide rectangular back. The loin is convex. The tail is lying. It is long and wide, thickened at the base. Forelegs are short, hind legs are longer.
The thigh muscles are very powerful. They are needed by the dog for a quick push from the ground. The abdomen is a little sunken, the ribs on it are not visible. The chest is very powerful, wide. The neck is medium length. But the mastiff’s head is huge.
He has thick drooping cheeks. A large nose at the edge of the muzzle, tiny bright eyes hidden under the upper skin folds, small ears of a triangular shape. The peculiarity of the breed is the lower jaw, which moves forward, however, the bite of its representatives is correct. According to the standard, only 1 shade of fur is permissible (for mastiffs it is short) - red. But the shades - the mass. A dog may be:
- Light red.
- Dark brown.
- Sandy beige.
- Yellowish, etc.
Stripes, spots and tigers on the body dogs dogue de bordeaux should not be. If available, it will not be considered high breed. The exception is the center of the sternum, there may be a small white spot. Only monophonic color is standardized. But, on the face of such animals there must necessarily be a “mask”, usually it is darker than the main body color.
The coat of the animal is very thick, but each of the hairs is thin. But, due to the fact that they fit snugly together, one gets the impression that the mastiff has a magnificent coat. By the way, he has thick skin, so in different parts of the body, mainly the muzzle, it forms an "accordion", in other words, folds are visible there.
The French mastiff gives the impression of a terrible dog with a huge head and a powerful jaw. From one kind of it, the blood runs cold. But, it is not in vain that people say that appearances are deceiving.
By nature, this dog is friendly, and with each member of its pack. She quickly becomes attached to them, imbued with trust and becomes vulnerable in her love.Those who for a long time contain such living creatures in the house, argue that it is nicer and kinder than her to find a pet.
Is it so? In part, the loving owners of the Bordeaux dogs are right. However, one should never forget that this is a fighting breed with a natural protective potential. Therefore, its representatives, although friendly and pretty houses, can still behave unpredictably.
Important! Mastiff is recommended only for experienced dog breeders. This is a serious breed that needs constant monitoring and attention. Fun and energetic such a dog can not be called unequivocally. By temperament, he is a phlegmatic. He is characterized by such features:
- Good observation.
- Emotional restraint.
It’s hard to believe, but these wrinkled big men are very affectionate. They love their family members so much that they are ready to devote their lives to protecting them. Mastiffs are especially careful with children.
They are affectionate with them, behave neatly, being near. Never forget about their protective functions. Little children are protected from strangers and loud sounds. Lie down next to them and fall asleep, but at the same time do not lose their vigilance.
The main feature of the home dog is fidelity. He chooses only one leader to whom he is infinitely devoted. Usually, he becomes a mature man. Such a dog will never serve a weak spirit person with a number of complexes. He will choose as his patron only a strong-willed and purposeful person, leading by nature.
A mastiff is not separated from its owner for a minute. He prefers to be near, so that in case of trouble come to the rescue. Long separation can not stand. If the owner leaves the dog alone for a long time, he falls into longing, maybe even stop eating.
Do not forget that the dogue de Bordeaux, despite the skills of a bodyguard, is still not a guard breed. Therefore, if he has to let an unfamiliar guest into the house, he first sniffs him and even tries to make friends. At that, he will not bark loudly at a stranger.
Despite a strong love and devotion to the owner, it never allows him to completely dominate himself. Obeys, with strong respect, but reluctantly. He prefers to maintain self-esteem, therefore he needs serious training.
With other domestic animals, it gets along well only with early and joint socialization. Can be affable and friendly even with a cat. Such a dog has an interesting character trait - nobility. She patronizes every living creature living with her under one roof.
This means that if someone attacks a kitten who lives with the Great Dane in the same house, he will certainly fight back and protect him. And these dogs are big stubborn dogs. They quickly determine the weakness of their master and skillfully use it. A mastiff is another manipulator!
The history of the origin of the Bordeaux dog
There are several versions of the origin of the breed and the debate between dog handlers continues to this day. Some experts believe that the Great Dane of Bordeaux came from the fighting "French". Other dog handlers claim the breed came from bulldogs or Tibetan mastiffs.
The first version is considered more believable. These powerful dogs inherited many features of the ancient Alans, which were the oldest hunting breed in France. At the same time, these animals were used to protect herds, transport goods, in dog fights.
Until 1863, Bordeaux dogs were called French mastiffs. Active work on the cultivation of Bordeaux began only in 1892, and a few years later the first breed standard was approved. The first club began operations in 1924.
His main task was to restore the number of Bordeaux dogs after the end of the First World War. The breed was on the verge of extinction. Feeding these large animals was simply unrealistic during the war years, so many of them were euthanized. Only a few breeders were able, at the cost of incredible efforts, to protect their wards.
Interesting fact: The re-restoration of the breed took place in the 60s of the last century, but in 1966 only five purebred Bordeaux dogs were officially registered.
Over time, the breed has become very popular. Bordeaux were used to restore the line of English mastiffs, breeding a number of new breeds, including the Argentinean mastiff. The first representatives of the breed came to the territory of Russia only in 1990.
Maintenance and care
The sense of territoriality of the dogue of Bordeaux, despite the watchdog potential, is poorly developed. It is advisable to exploit it as a bodyguard and protector of people. That is why such a dog can be kept indoors, and not on the street. Yes, it is massive, but still - inactive and neat. She certainly will not deliver problems and excessive household chores.
Sometimes caring owners of mastiffs kindly ask them to spend a summer period on the street. For an adult pet dog trained to live in a house, such a request will cause shock. He will probably be upset.
However, a long stay in the fresh air will definitely not hurt him. Regardless of where you live, try to walk together more often. The dog must understand that its owner will be nearby in case of danger, this will allow it to develop self-confidence.
Such an animal does not like to run or scamper around the yard for birds and insects. Rather, it will lie under the sun to take a nap. But, you should not allow a large and full-bodied dog to be in a relaxed state all the time.
Offer her joint sports, such as running in the morning. The simpler option is to play catch-up or “bring the ball”. Help keep your pet in good shape and control your weight gain.
Now let's talk about caring for the French mastiff. Here are some tips:
- Combing. These dogs molt every year. A massage brush or comb is required. Invite the animal to sit down so that you can comb it over the entire surface of the body.
- Inspection of the ears. Inspect the ears of your pet every day, especially if he lives on the street, as ticks can be found there. It also needs to be done to prevent inflammation. If the dog’s ears are covered with sulfur, clean them.
- Dental examination. The easiest way to care for the oral cavity of a dog is to regularly buy him a sinewy wand. He will gladly begin to gnaw at it, thereby saving himself from plaque.
- Eye cleansing. Mastiff's face should be washed at least once a week.
- Wiping wrinkles on the face. Unfortunately, large dogs often eat sloppy, so you should wash their face or wipe it with a damp cloth or napkin.
- Drooling. In these animals from the mouth there is a strong salivation. Liquid can drip onto the floor, furniture, and even onto the dining table. Saliva can be removed with a damp cloth.
Bathing a short-haired Bordeaux dog is not necessary. He independently monitors his hygiene. You can clean it with a dry method. But, they ate an unpleasant smell from him - bathing is indispensable.
Tip! Walking the French mastiff, make sure that he does not feel thirsty. If saliva from a mouth is plentifully allocated at a dog, probably, she wants to drink. Pour her some water.
Let's start with the main thing - Bordeaux mastiffs eat a lot. They are large, respectively, need a decent portion of carbohydrates and proteins. Since such a dog does not move much, it can easily become fat. Therefore, we recommend feeding her 2, and preferably 3 times a day. For 1 meal she needs to eat from 500 to 600 grams of food. This can be a natural food or industrial feed.
Few people give such huge dogs natural food on a regular basis, because it is problematic. Therefore, most owners opt for a ready-made diet for their pets. Dogue of Bordeaux should gain more than 10 kg in the first months of life. Therefore, in his menu, in addition to dry food, there must be:
- Cottage cheese.
- Low-fat soup.
- Boiled meat and fish.
- Vegetables and fruits.
You can also optionally give him boiled eggs, pasta, borsch and offal (liver, heart, lungs, etc.). This food is rich in protein and trace elements that the body of a young dog needs. After reaching 7-8 months, all this food from his diet can be excluded. Every day give him a dry food rich in vitamins. Do not save on it!
Popular colors of Bordeaux dogs
The color of the Bordeaux giant varies from light and almost yellow to dark brown. The mask of the animal can be painted in brick or black. The coat is plain and only small spots can be found on the chest.
The color of the iris can be black or brown, depending on the color of the mask on the face. Light brown eyes in animals without a characteristic mask. Black, brown, pink or red nose colors are acceptable. The current breed standard is very demanding.
Quite often, animals are disqualified for the following reasons:
- The dog has a sagging or hunchbacked back, lower back,
- Bulldog-like head
- Flat or barrel chest
- White spots on the body or head of the animal,
- Too aggressive or vice versa cowardly behavior,
- Too long or square body
- Neck too low or too high
- Non-standard section of the eyes, their small size,
- Atypical eye color
- Underweight or overweight dog,
- Snoring while moving
- Short upper lip
- Excessive grace of males, undescended testes,
- Short tail
- Straight form of fangs, malocclusion,
- Weak muscles.
At the very beginning of the formation of the breed, many breeders recognized only dogs with a dark mask on their faces. Other dog handlers believed that the presence of a black mask on the muzzle of the Bordeaux dog is unacceptable, since such a dog cannot be considered a purebred. Later it was decided to select puppies with a uniform color with or without a mask, with uncropped ears.
The nature and habits of Bordeaux dogs
The character of the Bordeaux giant is calm. He is pretty smart and devoted to his master. The animal does not tolerate long separation, being alone. The dog chooses its main owner independently among households and recognizes only him. All the others are recognized as their own, but only one person will obey the dog without question.
As the owner, the dog most often chooses a person with a balanced character. The dog is always kept on an equal footing with him, and treats other members of the family patronizingly, even with tenderness. The animal gets along well with children, with great pleasure participates in various games.
Bordeaux can be aggressive only in relation to strangers, but without good reason, he never attacks. The dog barks rarely and only as a warning. These animals become extremely aggressive when they smell alcohol from a person. French mastiffs are quite friendly to other pets who live with them in the same house, but their friendliness does not extend to other people's animals.
Interesting fact: Bordeaux can be trained, but the features of their nature should be taken into account. These animals always first think over the command and only then do it.
Dogs are quite hardy, but stubborn and a little lazy. They can easily find the weak spot of their master and then successfully exploit this weakness. Training representatives of this breed will be most effective if you do not scream and use the right motivation. In some cases, it is better to use the services of professionals.
Interesting facts about dogue de bordeaux
Bordeaux are among the ten largest breeds of dogs. The weight of individual individuals may exceed 90 kilograms. These giants get along well with any pets, regardless of their size, but outside their own home they can set off in pursuit of an ordinary yard cat.
A French nurse can make a great nanny. The dog is very patient with childish pranks, and is ready to participate in all games if they are not too active. They can’t be left with babies under 5 years old, because by negligence and clumsiness the dog can crush the child.
Other interesting facts:
- Dogue de Bordeaux became especially popular after the release of the movie Turner and Hooch in 1989,
- This breed existed only in Eurasia until 1959, and only then it was brought to the United States,
- Puppies of the French giants have softer features, which become more pronounced as they grow older,
- All Bordeaux dogs need early socialization, otherwise the pet will grow up extremely naughty,
- This breed is not suitable for a clean and tidy owner, since with perfect cleanliness in the house you will have to say goodbye to such a pet,
- These dogs are considered excellent watchmen who will not allow strangers to cross the boundaries of the protected area and immediately rush to the attack,
- To raise an obedient, reliable companion, you should be patient, as these animals can be stubborn, be lazy,
- Poorly enduring loneliness, Bordeaux always strive to participate in the life of their human family, to accompany their master everywhere.
Pros and Cons of Bordeaux Dogs
Dogue de Bordeaux is not suitable for those who want to have a playful and active pet. These dogs do not tolerate physical activity. If you want to have a playful and active dog, the Dogue de Bordeaux is not for you.
These large dogs do not tolerate prolonged physical exertion. They are too heavy to participate in active games. Before you purchase Bordeaux, you should familiarize yourself with the pros and cons of the breed.
- Incredible devotion to his master and all households,
- The absence of unjustified aggression, calm disposition, balanced character,
- Excellent watch and security features,
- No need for long walks and great physical exertion,
- Good for children and other pets.
- High cost of maintenance,
- The need for serious training, early socialization,
- A dog can strive to dominate q as its owner, recognizes only one leader,
- Sensitive to temperature changes,
- These animals have strong salivation, they can stain everything around in a short period of time,
- It’s a rather complicated care, if malnourished, many individuals are prone to obesity, which in turn causes many dangerous pathologies.
Bordeaux are good companions who need to always be with their host. If a person is often on business trips, then the dog will be very bored, will become uncontrollable, so he will not listen to other people. This dog is perfect for families with children, where there are also other pets.
Breeding Bordeaux Great Dane
Bordeaux dogs are usually kept in a house or apartment. These animals do not tolerate low temperatures. Therefore, if it is decided to settle the dog on the street, then a warm kennel should be equipped. The dog has weak joints, even in an apartment or at home it is necessary to provide a warm litter or underfloor heating in the pet's resting place. The content of the dogs in the enclosure is unacceptable.
Bordeaux giants and poorly tolerate heat. During summer walks, the animal should be provided with access to clean water, as Bordeaux drinks often and a lot. Their physical activity should be moderate. It is better to walk the pet twice a day and only in the muzzle. You should not force the dog to make a large number of jumps from a height, as joints and mating, which are the weak point of these good people, can suffer.
Training and raising puppies must begin at the age of two months, but first the animal is socialized. The dog should get used to the leash, wearing a muzzle and a collar. It must be displayed on busy streets, allowed to interact with other people, animals. It is important for a dog to instill confidence in the world around him. The owner should encourage the puppy, periodically pick it up, stroke it, creating positive emotions in the pet.
Important fact: Raising a baby, it is important to be patient and calm. These dogs need time to think about each new team. It is important to build a trusting and long-term relationship with the animal. Training always alternates with the game.
Dogue De Bordeaux Care
Important care requirements:
- Dogue de Bordeaux, despite its short coat, requires regular brushing. With the help of a soft brush or a rubber mitten, the lost hairs, keratinized skin are removed
- Bathing, washing the dog should be as dirty. Numerous folds on the animal's face require special attention. The skin in this place is very susceptible to infections, as dirt and saliva are trapped on the muzzle. After each meal, all the folds are gently cleaned with a damp cloth. After walking, you need to treat the paw pads with antiseptic lotion, check for cracks, injuries, and then moisten with vegetable oil,
- An examination of the eyes and ears for redness and suppuration should be carried out daily. Natural secretions and dirt are removed with a soft cloth dipped in a special lotion or strong tea. In the presence of inflammation, lacrimation, a large amount of sulfur in the ears, a visit to the veterinarian is indicated. It is necessary to consult with a specialist and in the case when the animal is anxious, often shakes its head,
- Chewing sticks suitable for dental hygiene are available in specialized stores. In addition, teeth are cleaned with a brush and toothpaste. Claws are trimmed once a month using a claw cutter, and the edge is treated with a soft file.
To wash Bordeaux, it is better to use special shampoos and cleansers that will protect the skin of the animal from moisture loss. Quite often there is enough dry cleaning.
Diet of Bordeaux dogs
With a balanced diet and a sufficient level of physical activity, Bordeaux is not prone to gaining excess weight. If the animal is on a natural diet, then the basis of the diet should be fresh lean meat. From time to time it is necessary to add offal, fish, sour-milk products. The dog should be accustomed to vegetables, fruits.
If the dog is on dry food, but you can’t save on its quality. This should be a high-quality feed and specifically for large dog breeds. If there is any doubt about the correct choice of diet, consult a veterinarian.
Products that are excluded from the diet of Bordeaux:
- Any river fish, as well as canned fish,
- Products that contain caffeine in any quantity
- Any spicy and salty foods, mushrooms,
- Pitted fruit
- Raw meat, eggs,
- Any bean
- Butter and yeast dough, bread,
- Fatty foods, tubular bones,
- Any seasoning, onion, garlic,
- All citrus fruits,
In the bowl of the dogue of Bordeaux should always be a large amount of clean drinking water at room temperature. Do not forget about special nutritional supplements for joint health, as well as vitamin complexes, especially if the animal is on a natural diet.
It is impossible to overfeed the dogs, especially in the presence of a deficit of physical activity. It is better to give food in small portions at equal time intervals. The animal must have an established diet. Like all large dogs, Bordeaux need a short rest after each meal.
Diseases and Health Problems
Dogue de Bordeaux does not have any specific diseases and is characterized by fairly good health and immunity. The average life expectancy is 9-11 years. Puppies get sick more often than adults, especially those that have not been vaccinated.
Most often Bordeaux suffer from the following diseases:
- Various dysplasia of the elbow and hip joints, the lack of treatment of which can lead to almost complete immobilization of the pet,
- Pathology of the cardiovascular system,
- A number of respiratory infections
- Gut swelling, bloating,
- Kidney pathology,
- Various lymphomas,
If the puppy is not vaccinated, then it is better not to bring him outside. Females quite often have complicated births, as puppies are born with large heads. In some cases, it is impossible to do without the help of a surgeon. Some animals have problems with the thyroid gland, accompanied by a deterioration in its functions. In adult dogs, excessive thickening of the skin on the paw pads may be observed. An infection gets into the resulting cracks.
Important fact: Parasitic ticks often cause a skin disease such as dematecosis. The coat of the animal should be carefully examined for parasites after each walk.
Even with good health, these giants are not long-livers. In order for the pet to live as long as possible, the owner must carefully monitor the state of his health, as well as timely conduct vaccinations, scheduled examinations, and regular treatment for parasites. Any disease should not be allowed to drift so that it does not lead to a deterioration in the overall health of the dog.
Now for some reason there are few breeders of the Bordeaux dog. Apparently not a very simple dog. For example, when I chose my poodle, I sat on forums, on sites. and on many sites there were comparative tables on which by the results it was possible to understand which dog to choose. Thank you for your work!
Big sharpei) Just kidding of course. A worthy dog, only responsible owners should have one. Because you need to deal with it, the Bordeaux mastiff is demanding of attention and affection. It must be properly fed. This is not some kind of mutt that will eat leftovers)
I think the breed is purely for men. I can’t imagine how a girl will cope with a dog weighing 40-60 kg, and some generally weigh 90 kg. Moreover, he has a short, smooth coat that does not require special care. And girls like to tie gum dogs, wear clothes, and therefore give birth to lapdogs and Spitz. And this dog was brutal.
What I like about him is that for no reason the Bordeaux dog does not bark, well, if only someone else’s dog or cat, and you can easily understand from the voice that everything is fine. Our neighbors are very strict, constantly complaining. But before that, we had a mongrel so she barked at everyone who passes by, hears a rustle in the entrance, and let's bark.
Reproduction and longevity
Serve these powerful dogs from 8 to 11 years. The healthier the dog, the longer it lives. Therefore, always monitor the health status of your pet. Remember that only hardy, mentally stable and strong mastiffs that meet the breed standard are allowed to reproduce.
The first estrus in bitches occurs in the period from 9 to 12 months. But, to bring it with the dog dog at this stage is impossible. A young dog cannot stand and will not give birth to healthy puppies. Therefore, use for breeding should be a bitch older than 2 years. She should show sexual interest in the dog and not push him away.
As for the male, he reaches the age of puberty much earlier, by about 4 months of life. But, in his case, the rule for knitting is similar. The breeder must select a high breed male over 2-2.5 years old.
French mastiff is a rather expensive breed. The dog is considered prestigious. Nurseries that breed such animals are found in almost every capital of the CIS countries, including Moscow and Kiev.
Minimum dogue de bordeaux in Russia for 2019 - 25 thousand rubles. But, for such a cost, you definitely do not buy a high-breed puppy with a pedigree. To become the owner of a show-class dog that can be registered at exhibitions, you will have to pay twice as much, at least 50 thousand rubles.
Brief History of Origin
The homeland of the dogue de Bordeaux is France. The ancestor of the breed is considered the now extinct Alan - a dog similar to the Caucasian shepherd. They said about her that "she holds her jaws stronger than 3 greyhounds."
For a long time, the Bordeaux dogs lived exclusively in the region of Aquitaine in the south-west of France. They participated in dog battles, defended cattle, hunted, guarded houses and property.
In 1863, the breed was first presented at an exhibition in Paris. Pierre Mennin created the first breed standard in 1896. Subsequently, the document was changed and supplemented several times. In 1971, the Bordeaux Great Dane was recognized by the ICF.
Description of the breed, standards and appearance
Dogue de Bordeaux is a strong, powerful, muscular dog. She looks squat and stocky, but from this her appearance does not lose overall harmony.
The animal can be compared with an impressive gentleman - all its features radiate confidence and nobility.
The breed standard sets the ideal sizes for Bordeaux dogs:
- height - 60-68 cm in boys, 58-68 cm in girls (deviation of 1 cm to a smaller and 2 cm to a larger side is allowed),
- weight - not less than 50 kg in males and not less than 45 kg in females.
Females have the same pedigree traits as males, but they are less pronounced in them.
For your information. A modern description of the dogue de Bordeaux was published on November 11, 2008.
- body length correlates with growth as 11 to 10,
- the distance from the bottom of the chest to the withers exceeds 1/2 of the height,
- the largest muzzle length is 1/3 of the length of the head, the smallest is 1/4,
- in boys, the circumference of the cranium is equal to growth, in girls - a little less.
Characteristics of the dogue de Bordeaux (standard MKF No. 116):
- The head is large, angular, with mobile wrinkles.
- The skull box is slightly convex. The forehead is overhanging.
- The stop is clearly visible, creates an angle of 95-100 ° with the muzzle. Weak stop - a disqualifying defect.
- The nose with developed nostrils is painted in the color of the mask. Small snub-nosedness is not forbidden, but the lobe should not be turned to the eyes.
- The muzzle is wide, with moderately expressed wrinkles, almost square, that is, it does not taper towards the lobe.
- The jaws are very strong and powerful, closed in snack. Any other type of bite is a disqualifying defect. The chin should not be too far behind the upper lip or overlap it.
- The teeth are strong, the incisors are even, the fangs on the lower jaw are slightly curved. If the fangs or tongue are visible with the mouth closed, the dog will be disqualified.
- The lips are dense, the upper one slightly sags, moves well away from the gums, covers the sides of the lower jaw.
- The eyes are oval. Pigmentation of the iris is brown - a darker shade is observed in dogs with a dark mask. In animals with or without a liver mask, a lighter color is acceptable, but undesirable. Blue pigmentation or bulging eyes are the basis for disqualification.
- Ears are small relative to the size of the head, hanging, with rounded tips, pressed to the cheekbones. Slightly darker than the background color. They sit high on their heads.
- The neck is very strong, has the shape of a cylinder, expands as it approaches the shoulders. The gimbal is clearly visible, but does not overhang.
- The body is strong, with a pronounced withers, a powerful back, a strong lower back and a slightly inclined croup.
- The chest is voluminous, ending below the elbows. Its circumference is 25-35 cm more than growth. The bottom line is beautifully curved, the stomach is picked up, but not dry.
- The tail is flexible, rather thick. In a calm state, it dangles, rises 90-120 ° in motion, but never throws itself on its back and does not bother in a ring.
- The limbs are strong. Paws are compact and assembled.
The dog moves swiftly and flexibly, moving its legs as close to the ground as possible. A typical gait is lynx. Accelerating, the Great Dane of Bordoss passes to the so-called short gallop and presses itself to the ground. It seems that he is not running, but rolling.
At short distances, the animal is able to develop high speed.
Color and type of coat
Dogue de Bordeaux is not covered with too saggy skin. The coat is velvety, tight-fitting, short.
We allow the color of any shade from light brown to the color of baked milk. It is desirable that the fur is well pigmented. Small light marks on the chest or paws are not punished.
On the face of the dogue of Bordeaux there may be a mask:
- Black - does not capture the skull; slight darkening is allowed on the skull, ears, neck, back. The nose is black.
- Brown (“bistre”) - happens both bright brown, and sand. The edges of the eyelids and nose are brown.
The mask is not available with deer coloring. Then the skin and lobe acquire a reddish tint.
Important. Dogs of Bordeaux with light spots on their heads and bodies are subject to disqualification.
Dogs of Bordeaux live a little - an average of 9-11 years. Such a short period is due to the large size, contributing to a large load on the cardiovascular system.
The life expectancy of the dogue de Bordeaux can be increased by 2-3 years, if you carefully monitor the health of the pet and provide it with quality care.
Nature and behavior
Bordeaux dogs have a wary and bold, but non-aggressive disposition. Representatives of the breed are suspicious of strangers and attack in case of a clear threat. If the owner is in danger, the pet will rush to defend it from any opponent.
Dogs of Bordeaux are strongly attached to people, affectionately behave with all members of the family. They endure loneliness heavily and prefer to follow a person everywhere.
Dog breed Dogue de Bordeaux treats children well. However, a large dog can accidentally injure a child, so adults should look after their joint games. In addition, the pet sometimes perceives sudden screams as a threat.
For your information. The Bordeaux Great Dane is difficult to anger, but they need to be kept away from drunk people - they do not tolerate the smell of alcohol.
Bordeaux calmly share the territory with other pets, especially if they are familiar from childhood. However, representatives of the breed do not like other four-legged animals. On a walk, boys can fight.
How to choose a puppy?
To buy a thoroughbred puppy of the dogue de Bordeaux, you should contact a reliable nursery. Responsible Breeder:
- He will not refuse to meet his parents,
- will tell about the shortcomings of each baby,
- give tips on care
- will provide the necessary documents.
Healthy puppies of the dogue de Bordeaux are mobile and playful. They should not have:
- signs of exhaustion
- obvious deviations from the standard,
- bad smell
- damage to the skin and mucous membranes.
On a note. Bordeaux boys are more wayward and independent, girls are obedient, but cunning.
When buying a puppy from the breeder, they specify what exactly the baby was fed with. At first, only the products familiar to him were given to the Bordeaux dog.
New food is introduced gradually, tracking the body's response. Dogue de Bordeaux older than 2 months fed:
Over time, offal and marine fish are introduced into the diet. Milk is replaced with cottage cheese, kefir and yogurt. During the change of teeth, Bordeaux dogs are allowed to gnaw brain bones.
The number of feedings per day should correspond to the age of the animal:
- 6-8 weeks - 6 times
- 2-3 months - 5 times,
- 4-6 months - 4 times,
- 7-12 months - 3 times.
One-year-old Bordeaux dogs are transferred to two meals a day.
During puppy growth it is necessary:
- include vitamin and mineral supplements in the diet,
- do not overload the dog - excessive activity prevents the proper formation of the skeleton,
- to practice running uphill, swimming, playing on level ground - such activities are not dangerous for a growing organism.
Great Dane dogs mature for a long time - the formation is completed by 2.5-3 years.
Dogue de Bordeaux can be given high-class industrial feed (premium, super premium, holistic) or natural food.
In the latter case, the main component of the diet is lean meat and offal. 2 times a week they are replaced by saltwater fish.
- cereals (buckwheat, rice, hercules),
- dairy products,
- eggs (twice a week).
Fruits play the role of goodies. In order for the Dogue de Bordeaux to receive the necessary nutrients, he is periodically given feed additives.
Important. The breed is prone to overweight - dogs cannot be overfed.
Walking and exercise
Dogues of Bordeaux walk twice a day for 30-40 minutes. On hot days, it is better to take the dog out into the street early in the morning and late in the evening - animals do not tolerate high temperatures.
It is advisable to periodically take the pet out into the nature or in deserted parks, where he can frolic freely. Otherwise, the unspent energy of the dogue of Bordeaux will pour out in the apartment.
Training and education
Since childhood, puppies are taught to trust a person - they often pick them up, stroke, and speak in a gentle tone. Early socialization is important. Dogue de Bordeaux must be introduced to the outside world.
For your information. The breed belongs to the dominant, therefore, a person should immediately take a leadership position, behave firmly and strictly, not to indulge the pet's whims.
Great Dane of Bordeaux has a keen mind. However, the dog will never blindly follow orders. She first considers their appropriateness, and only then proceeds to action.
Training is encouraged - screaming and physical abuse are unacceptable. Disobedience is suppressed by severe reprimands.
Set bans should be supported by all family members. If the dogue de Bordeaux feels weak, he will become uncontrollable.
Care and hygiene
It is enough to comb short hair once every 7 days, during molting - every 2-3 days. Wrinkles on the face are wiped daily - they remain the remains of food and saliva.
On a walk, a dog can pile up in the mud from the heart. In this case, she will have to bathe. But bathing days are undesirable to arrange more than 1 time in 2 weeks. If the pollution is slight, wipe the Bordeaux dog with a damp towel.
Other mandatory procedures:
- Daily eye exam. Allocations are wiped with a weak tea leaves or chamomile broth.
- Ear cleaning once a week. Sulfur is removed with a cotton pad dipped in hydrogen peroxide or a special lotion.
- Nail clipping once every 3 weeks. In the warm season, they can grind on their own if the dog walks on asphalt or concrete.
- Brushing teeth once a week. It is carried out using a brush and veterinary paste.
Dog care includes treatment for worms and bloodsucking parasites.
Vaccinations and a tendency to disease
Puppies of this breed are vaccinated according to the standard scheme:
- 8-9 weeks: against plague, adenovirus, parvovirus, parainfluenza, leptospirosis,
- after 14-21 days: revaccination with the same vaccine,
- 6-7 months (after tooth change): against rabies.
The next vaccination is carried out at 12 months, then repeated annually.
Due to its large size, Bordeaux dogs often have joint problems. Other common pathologies:
- liver failure,
- kidney disease
- hyperkeratosis (skin roughness),
- inversion of the stomach and intestines,
In girls, childbirth is difficult. To help your pet, you should agree in advance with the specialist about the visit.
Pros and cons of the breed
|Devotion||Propensity to dominate|
|Great watchdog||Increased salivation|
|Good attitude to children||Tolerates heat|
|Moderate physical activity|
How much do puppies cost?
The cost of a Bordeaux dog puppy is determined by its exterior, the title of manufacturers and the reputation of the breeder.
Prices for puppies depending on their class:
- pet class –25-35 thousand rubles,
- Brides class –40–50 thousand rubles,
- show class - from 60 thousand rubles.
Prices for puppies in big cities are slightly higher than in small ones.
On the Internet you can find ads for the sale of dogs without documents. In this case, they cost about 5 thousand rubles. However, no one guarantees the health and breed of these puppies.
Dogue de Bordeaux is a good and affectionate, undemanding healthy man, but he will have to look for an approach. Having spent time on the correct education and training of the pet, the owner will receive a true friend for life.
Possible diseases and methods for their treatment
Dogue de Bordeaux is a healthy and hardy dog, but due to improper care it may be with a veterinarian with a diagnosis of hip dysplasia. Also, some representatives of the breed are faced with oncology.
According to experts, the risk of cancer in dogs increases due to an unbalanced diet. It should be noted that most French mastiffs are prone to allergies. It is provoked mainly by poor-quality feed.
Well, the last moment regarding the health of these big dogs is a difficult birth. Dogs of the Bordeaux mastiff have a voluminous head, which is difficult for the bitch to push through during fights. Therefore, it is very important that the veterinarian take her birth. Give your pets special vitamins to maintain immune defenses. Do not forget to take them to the vet clinic for vaccinations!