World famous cat breed american bobtail has two more popular names “snow-bob” and “yankee-bob”. These animals can be safely called the property of America. And it's not just the name. The history of the appearance of an unusual breeding line is associated with the United States of America. The inhabitants of this country sincerely love American bobtail, monitor their genetic purity and try to make the population of furry handsome men expand from year to year.
The history of the origin of the American Bobtail breed
This is one of the youngest species bred by breeders. Her story begins in 1960, when the American couple Sanders found a small kitten with a unique appearance on the expanses of Arizona. To find a wild cat with a short trot-tail was a real miracle. It was this feature that later became one of the main ones in the standard. The cat received the name Yodi and turned into a pet.
After some time, babies were born from him, inheriting not only long hair, but also a short tail. This was evidence that this trait is not only genetically fixed, but also dominant. Sanders' friends, who are professional breeders, have suggested using this unique chance to breed a new breed of cat.
However, further crossbreeding american bobtail among themselves almost led to their degeneration. Breeders had to choose a new tactic. Since inbreeding did not give the expected results, only wild animals with a shorter tail and pets of clean, that is, non-hybrid, lines were selected for breeding. This is what made it possible to obtain in the end a very strong and healthy breed.
American bobtail is a healthy breed, on average they live from 12 years to 21 years
Initially, all cats born had a long coat. But as a result of numerous crosses, animals with short hair appeared. Since all the other thoroughbred characters of these kittens were preserved, for the sake of them, adjustments were made to the description of the standard of American bobtail. Hard work continued for more than a decade, and finally, by the end of the twentieth century, it was officially crowned with success. It was recognized immediately by several international organizations and clubs of felinologists.
Description of American Bobtail
The first thing that comes to mind when looking at beautiful short-tailed yankee bean - this is what their ancestor is lynx. However, Bobtail inherited its color, athletic physique, expressive eyebrows and other signs from ordinary cats.
Pets almost always have a strong heavy body of medium or large dimensions. Animals reach their maximum weight and size by two or even three years. Moreover, females are smaller than males. The latter can weigh from 5.5 to 7.5 kg, while cats on average stretch only 3-5 kg.
American bobtails are characterized by a stocky strong body, a straight back, a wide chest and a well-developed muscular system like colorpoints. Paws are always proportional to the body. In this case, the hind limbs are slightly longer than the front. Strong large paws have a rounded shape.
One of the first distinctive features of the breed is the tail. It should be short and slightly widened at the very base. Its shape can be any: straight or slightly curved with kinks. But in any case, this part of the body retains high mobility and flexibility. If you look at american bobtail in full view, the tail raised up is always noticeable. But if it is too long (or, conversely, almost absent), then this is an argument for disqualification. It is believed that finding two cats with exactly the same tails is impossible.
The wedge-shaped wide head has a protruding forehead and pronounced cheeks. The width and length of the muzzle are almost equal to each other. Snow beans have strong jaws and a wide, well-developed chin.
Widely spaced and rounded at the ends of the ears are medium in size. A characteristic feature of American bobtail is the presence of fluffy long villi on the inside of the auricle.
The expressive look and beautiful large eyes of the almond shape always attract attention and make the image of the animal attractive and charming. The color of the iris most often harmonizes with the coat color.
The classic color is considered a tabby, that is, a striped pattern. Although the standard includes other variations of this trait. The colors of the coat are found from light beige to dark red. Against this background, brown or almost black stripes stand out.
Wool american bobtail quite thick and somewhat harsh to the touch. The undercoat is moderate and consists of medium soft hair. If the cat has a silk smooth as silk, then this is considered a disadvantage. At present, both long-haired thoroughbred cats and short-haired cats are found.
Character Features of American Bobtail Cats
As a result of painstaking selection and selection, the world received a very smart and friendly four-legged creature. If many features of the appearance of snow-beans were borrowed from wild ancestors, then they inherited features of character from home progenitors. That is why the following features can be called among the predominant features of the breed:
As for activity, it does not go off scale among representatives of the breed and is manifested only in the desire to play a lot. Adequate behavior at home is one of the manifestations of high intelligence and even some intelligence bobtail, if, of course, this term can be used in relation to cats.
If the long-awaited kitten appeared in the house, then you need to play a lot with it. Yankee Bob can not live without attention, affection and care. But in response, he gives both adults and children a lot of positive emotions. And although the pet always feels who cares more about it, it does not deprive other family members of attention. That is why it is ideal for those families where children grow up.
Taking american bobtail into the house, it is worth remembering that he does not tolerate a change of scenery and moving. Also painfully these four-legged creatures perceive the new owner. Their affection, devotion and fidelity can be an example even for the person himself.
Thanks to good mental abilities, cats can be trained and trained quickly.
They easily master various tricks and simple stage numbers. Such artistic abilities in them are inherent in nature.
Care and maintenance of cats
Caring for bobtail does not cause much difficulty. More obstacles may arise at the very first stage when it is necessary to acquire a thoroughbred kitten. The thing is that American bobtail is quite widespread in America, but in other regions of the planet it is rare. The breeding and reproduction of purebred representatives are still only engaged in the United States.
But if luck nevertheless smiled and a real American bobtail settled in the house, then keeping this fluffy miracle will be simple and enjoyable. Cats need periodic walks in the fresh air. But at the same time, they must be closely watched, since the natural instinct for free life can make itself felt.
Long-haired American Bobtail requires regular combing. The house must have a scratching post. Approximately every 10-12 days, the pet needs to check the claws and, if necessary, grind them so that they do not interfere with the soft tread.
This breeding line is considered one of the healthiest in the cat world. Thoroughbred pets have no hereditary diseases. However, if a close relative or an animal with an unknown pedigree participated in the breeding, then there is a risk of developing some diseases. Most often it is:
If the bobtail is not properly fed, diabetes can progress. Most often this happens when cats are fed primarily with carbohydrate feed. To prevent this from happening, food for them should include more meat.
American bobtail rightfully considered the favorites of their owners. Outwardly, cats retained the features of their wild ancestors, but at the same time they are distinguished by a kind and gentle disposition. If you add high intellectual abilities and an extravagant hunting look to this, the authority of the breed rises even higher. All the features of the character and appearance of fluffy cats and coffees cause only pleasant emotions for everyone who has ever encountered them in their life. Such an unusual combination of features makes snow beans unique.
History of occurrence
It is believed that the breed appeared in the United States. A man was walking with his wife along the street, and then they saw an unusual kitten. He had a short tail and a very unusual coat color. This attracted them, and the kitten was taken.
For your information! The Sanders family, in which the first representative of the breed lived, suggested that his ancestor was a wild lynx. There was no scientific evidence for this theory.
Later it turned out that the cat is able to breed, and the short tail is an unusual gene mutation. After the short-tailed representative was crossed with a Siamese cat, kittens with the same short tail were born. It turned out that the mutated gene responsible for the short tail length was dominant.
Then people began to conduct experiments, brought out new representatives of the breed. Cat breeds such as Burmese, Manx, Siamese, Himalayan, Ragdolls participated. Some breeders have used simple domestic cats.
In the 80s. such experiments did not bring the desired result. Maintaining certain body proportions and tail lengths became more difficult than before.
General characteristics of cats
In the USA, this breed is very popular. Some consider such representatives a symbol of the country.
Distinctive features are unusual color, short tail, body proportions, high intelligence. They are very playful, never let the owner sit idle. Body size is average. Animals are smart, over time, learn to recognize the emotions of the owner.
The breed standards are very strict. If they are not observed, kittens from litters can be rejected.
- Weight varies from 3 to 9 kg (adults).
- The head should have a wide wedge-shaped shape, flat surfaces and arches are absent. The transition from the forehead to the nose in the form of a smooth bend. Wide nose. The width of the muzzle is large in size from its length.
- The eyes are almond-shaped, slanted (in moderation), set in the direction of the base of the ear. Thick eyebrows. The color of the iris does not depend on the color, but there are exceptions for the colors sepia, point, mink.
- The ears are small. At the base are wide and have a slightly rounded shape at the end.
- A short but muscular neck.
- The body has the shape of a rectangle, a long muscular structure. Upon transition, the back looks elevated in relation to the hips. The skeleton is dense, wide breast and croup.
- The hind legs are slightly longer than the forepaws. Forelegs heavy, medium length.
- Compact paws rounded.
- The length of the tail varies from 2.5 to 10 cm. Curved shape.
- Wool should be thick to the touch, does not fit snugly to the body. The general view is relaxed. The undercoat is well formed.
Note! Surprisingly, by the standard, any variety of colors is allowed. Blue colors and red tabby are also included.
Origin of breed
In the history of the appearance and development of American bobtail, there are practically no white spots. If desired, the origin of this relatively young breed can be traced from the very origins to the present day. In the 60s of the last century in the US state of California there was a very interesting kitten. He differed from his counterparts in striped wild coloring and an unusual short tail. People who found this baby thought that this feature appeared due to the trauma. But later it turned out that the short tail is a gene mutation.
An unusual kitten became interested in professional felinology. It was they who decided to use the grown cat for further breeding. The offspring received from him also had short tails. Three decades later, American Bobtail was recognized as an independent breed.
Character and behavior: advantages and disadvantages
Representatives of the American Bobtail cat breed are calm. They are patient, always calm, but they love to run around and fool around. Poor loneliness. The owner can teach his pet some tricks, as cats are well trained.
There is only one minus - the price for a kitten in Russia just rolls over, 500 dollars. and more. We'll have to go to another country, because in Europe and Russia such cats are few bred.
For your information! The animal loves walking on the street, gets along with other cats and is patient with dogs.
American Bobtail's health is very good. The immune system is well developed, which helps cats maintain their healthy appearance throughout life.
They have practically no penchant for genetic diseases. The only thing that can occur over time (in some individuals) is food allergy and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. It is also noted that with a neglect of the animal and insufficient care (or with age), joint dysplasia develops.
Important! Another, less dangerous disease is skin dermatitis. It is mainly formed due to improper feeding or an infectious disease picked up from other animals.
Care and maintenance of thoroughbred cats
Weekly you need to inspect the ears of the cat, eyes, wipe them with cotton wool. Longhaired representatives should be combed regularly so that the wool does not roll and no tangles are formed.
It is recommended to brush the animal’s teeth every month with a special brush and special toothpaste. If the owner cannot carry out the procedure on his own, then such services are offered by the veterinary clinic.
Note! Nails do not need to be cut. Immediately after buying a pet, he is taught to use a cat's claw.
What you need to feed the American Bobtail
There are two ways to feed:
From natural cats are given chicken meat, turkey or beef. Sometimes it is possible to offer fish without bones, so that the animal receives a sufficient amount of vitamins for the body.
Important! You can not give sweets to Bobtail, food from the table. This can cause food poisoning.
If preference is given to feeding with dry food, then its choice should be taken more carefully:
- premium feed grade,
- lack of dyes and preservatives,
- the presence of meat, vegetables, fish in the composition.
Adults are fed 1-2 times a day, kittens - up to six times in small portions. Water should always be fresh and should be freely available to the animal.
History of Shorthair Bobtail
Shorthair bobtails appeared as a result of crossbreeding of thoroughbred breed-bred individuals with cats that had short hair. After several generations of pets, this symptom was able to be fixed.
General characteristics and description
Smooth-haired representatives are no different from long-haired individuals. Some have a long coat, others have a short coat.The breed standard is the same for both species. Short-haired hair is not as troublesome as long-haired. All colors are allowed.
American bobtail is a great animal that loves active games, will never let its owner get bored. With proper care, the cat will live a long, happy life.
- Breed Name: American bobtail
- Country of origin: USA
- Weight: 3 - 9 kg
- Life span: 13 - 15 years old
American bobtail - breed of short-tailed cats. It gives the impression of a wild animal, which contrasts sharply with its completely non-aggressive, good-natured character. Cats of this breed are muscular, strong, usually of medium size, but there are also quite large individuals. American bobtails are smart and human-friendly pets. The breed is divided into long-haired and short-haired.
The American bobtail is a fairly young breed, the ancestor was discovered in 1965. It happened like this: a couple of Sanders found an abandoned kitten near an Indian reservation in Southern Arizona. A kitten is like a kitten, if not for one “but”: it had a short tail, like that of a hare, curled up. His Siamese kitten became his “bride”, and in the first litter a tailless kitten appeared, which gave rise to the development of the breed. After a while, breeders became interested in short-tailed purrs, and from that moment work began on the development of American bobtail.
True, there is an opinion that he appeared as a result of mutations in the cultivation of ragdolls. Another version is based on the assumption that the ancestors of the American bobtail could be Japanese bobtail, manks and even lynx.
As for the unusually short tail, it should be recognized that this is undoubtedly the result of a genetic mutation.
The American Bobtail standard was developed in 1970, the breed was recognized in 1989 by the PSA version.
American bobtails are bred only in North America, it is almost impossible to buy a kitten outside its borders.
Very friendly, loving, affectionate, radiating tenderness breed. American bobtail - balanced, calm cats, but not easily tolerate loneliness. They are truly attached to their master and have the unique ability to sensitively capture the slightest changes in his mood. In the US, they resort to their help with certain types of therapy.
Bobtails are smart, easily trained, complaisant. They get along well with other inhabitants of the house, even with dogs. Despite the rather “wild” look, they are very affectionate and gentle, truly domestic creatures. Being extremely active and energetic, they love walking and playing outdoors. Since they quickly get used to the leash, the exercise will bring a lot of pleasure not only to the pet, but also to the owner, and the presence of the leash will relieve unnecessary feelings and hassle.
A cat of this breed, like a dog, on command during the game brings a toy or other items. She gets along well with children and enjoys playing with them.
If the American Bobtail lives in the house, tenderness, fun fuss and a wonderful relationship between the pet and family members are guaranteed.
The eye color of the American bobtail corresponds to the color, the shape is almost almond-shaped or oval, large, slightly slanted.
The coat is dense, stiff, thick, with a significant undercoat.
The tail of the bobtail is quite pubescent, mobile, curved (clearly or not too noticeably), length from 2.5 to 10 cm.
Health & Care
Caring for an American Bobtail is not difficult, but should be permanent. A short-haired pet is combed out once a week, half-length - three times more often. It is important to bathe the Bobtail regularly, as well as take care of your eyes, ears, teeth, and cut your nails as needed.
In order to maintain the health of the American Bobtail, one must carefully monitor the balance of its nutrition.
It should be noted that American bobtail is a breed of late puberty. The individual becomes sexually mature at the age of two to three years.
In general, these are very healthy cats; no inherited diseases have been noted. It happens that kittens are born completely without a tail.
Coat and color
The entire body of representatives of this breed is covered with beautiful thick fur. Depending on its length, short and long-haired American Bobtail is distinguished. In the first case, the body of the animal is covered with elastic silky fur. In the second, cats show increased shagging in the area of their paws, abdomen, chest, and tail. Also, this species has a beautiful tight collar.
Since the first American Bobtail was crossed with representatives of many other breeds, the standard allows several color options. Wild tabby is considered the most preferred color. But cats of brown, black, red, cream, chocolate, blue and lilac shades are allowed for breeding. Colorpoints and cakes are no less popular. The requirements for color are the same for both long- and short-haired American Bobtail.
Representatives of this breed are distinguished by a calm and affectionate disposition. They are very smart, balanced and moderately active. If desired, they can be accustomed to a leash and take with them for walks. Often a hunting instinct wakes up in them, manifested in the desire to chase insects.
American bobtail - cats that do not tolerate loneliness. They are absolutely not jealous and get along well with other pets. These sociable animals do not feel affection for one person, they love everyone at once. They are not afraid of strangers and immediately go to get to know each other.
Representatives of this breed are quite unpretentious. They perfectly adapt to any conditions of detention and do not need special care. Caring for these cats comes down to regular vaccination and treatment against external and internal parasites.
The fur coat of an animal requires no less attention, especially when it comes to long-haired bobtail. The cat needs to be combed several times a week. This can be done with the help of a special slicker, sold in any pet store. Bathing a four-legged friend is recommended no more than twice a year. For this, it is advisable to purchase a special shampoo, since human hygiene products are absolutely not suitable for animals. About once every ten or twelve days it is necessary to trim the cat's claws.
This is a fairly unpretentious breed of cats. American Bobtail can be fed both industrial and natural foods. In the first case, preference should be given to trusted manufacturers who have worked well in the global market. The composition of industrial feed for domestic cats should not be any artificial colors and preservatives. It is important that a sufficient amount of meat or fish components and vegetables are present in it.
Those who expect to feed their pet natural food need to remember that the basis of the cat's menu should be beef, chicken, turkey or lamb. In addition, a furry pet should be regularly given low-fat sea or ocean fish that has been cleaned of bones. Also, boiled eggs, fresh cottage cheese and some vegetables should be present in the diet of the American bobtail. Since the cat's body needs dietary fiber, the animal should be given access to grass. It can be alfalfa, spinach, fenugreek, thyme, chamomile or fennel.
What should not be given to a cat?
Since the enzymatic pathways of these animals are not adapted for the breakdown of vegetable protein, their diet should not contain corn, wheat or legumes. You can’t give the American Bobtail fresh milk. This product often provokes diarrhea and other digestive problems. Despite the fact that some dry foods have grapes and raisins, these berries should not be on the menu of your furry pet. Regular use of these products is fraught with renal failure.
Sweets and chocolate are no less harmful to the cat's body. They contain a large amount of glucose and carbohydrates that are not absorbed by the animal’s gastrointestinal tract. Onions and garlic often lead to poisoning and anemia, so they should be permanently excluded from the American Bobtail menu.
Possible health problems
With proper care, representatives of this breed can live from thirteen to fifteen years. American bobtail are characterized by good health and excellent immunity. They are not prone to genetic diseases. However, the absence of caudal vertebrae can cause certain problems with the musculoskeletal system. Sometimes they are diagnosed with hip dysplasia. As a rule, this hereditary disease is accompanied by arthrosis and lameness.
Some individuals are prone to food allergies and skin dermatitis. Improper feeding can be a trigger for the development of diabetes. This is because carbohydrate feed predominates on the animal’s menu. To avoid this disease, the cat's diet should consist mainly of meat and fish.
Instead of a conclusion
American bobtails are beautiful and affectionate animals that adapt well to any conditions. They have strong genetics, good health and a great immune system. These cats easily get along in the same territory with other pets and accurately capture differences in the owner's mood. They do not tolerate loneliness and need attention from the owner and members of his family.
If you decide to purchase a kitten of this breed, then it is better to contact a professional breeder or a specialized nursery. Only in this case you will be absolutely sure that you are buying a real American Bobtail with correctly executed documents. In addition, the kitten bought in the nursery will be well adapted to the environment and fully vaccinated.