There are many opinions on where it is better to buy a bird for breeding. Some say that it is better to buy chickens at poultry farms, while others advise taking poultry from private poultry farmers. But there are still shops, markets, etc.
We givesome tips for buying chickens and birds for breeding:
►Decide for what purposes you want to raise chickens - to get meat, meat and eggs or just good eggs? A clear choice of breeding goals will help you decide which breed of chicken to buy, which chicken house to build, which feed will be needed, etc.
►Be careful when buying birds from unfamiliar sellers. Often, inexperienced poultry farmers can be deceived by unscrupulous sellers by slipping sick chickens, or an old chicken, whose productive years have already passed. If possible, invite an experienced specialist with you - this will help to avoid big problems in the future.
► Plan your poultry farm ahead of time. Remember that chickens grow very fast. Do not get too many chickens at once - you may not be able to cope with their contents, and you just may not have enough space to breed them. Make sure you have a sufficiently large brooder prepared for the initial keeping of chicks (usually chickens are in the brooder for the first 6 weeks).
►Select the breed of chickens that is right for you. After all, it is you who will take care of these birds all year round in any weather. Do not buy multiple breeds at the same time. Some breeds cannot get along with each other. Carefully read the information about the desired breed before buying it.
Adding new chickens to existing stocks
When adding new chickens to an existing flock, it is necessary to create quarantine for new birds for a period of not less than a month. Quarantine measures will allow you to avoid the spread of diseases and pests that new hens can bring.
Providing comfortable conditions for chickens
Before buying chickens, make sure you have a chicken coop ready for them.
Here are some tips for building a chicken coop:
►Make a chicken coop more than planned. The trend is that novice poultry farmers incorrectly calculate the size of the chicken coop, and when the offspring are added, the area becomes insufficient. Remember that even from three chickens you will receive 10-15 chickens in a short time. You can always add a separate section in a large chicken coop, fencing it off with a wall from the common room. But the completion and increase in the area of the chicken coop will be much more difficult. Just build a large chicken house if possible.
►The three most important factors in a chicken coop are cleanliness, dryness and good ventilation. Your chickens should be kept in a dry, warm room to avoid hypothermia and disease. The chicken coop should be well ventilated, but avoid drafts! A dirty chicken coop and irregularly removed droppings will create an ideal environment for pathogens and pests. Cleanliness is the key to health! This thesis is also suitable for keeping a chicken coop. Clean your house regularly.
► The straw layer used as a litter can become very dirty and moldy very quickly. Therefore, it is often better to use pine sawdust and shavings as litter on the chicken coop floor. But for nests - it is better to still use straw, as pine sawdust and shavings will scratch the hens.
►If you spread under the newspaper litter layer - later on you can easily turn all the garbage into newspapers and quickly collect the old litter and lay a new one.
►Make sure your chicken coop has good protection against predators!
After you have built a chicken coop and bought chickens, you need to take care of them.
Some tips for caring for chickens:
►If you are a beginner poultry breeder, read the poultry articles on our website well. If possible, consult with specialists. And remember - your personal experience is the best teacher. It may take many years before you master this difficult task. But it's worth it.
► Remember - chickens are very voracious and not picky about food. They can consume leftovers from your table, peel, peel. The main thing is to make sure that toxic and poisonous products and plants do not get into them.
► Prepare balanced feed (with animal protein added).
►Try to thoroughly prepare the chickens for the winter before the onset of cold weather. Think about insulating the chicken coop, if you need to arrange heating in it.
► Keep the chicken coop clean and wash the feeders and drinking bowls as needed.
► Bring chickens into the chicken coop before dark to protect them from attack by predators.
►Little chickens can drown even in a bowl of water, so fill the bottom of the open drinking bowls with something. For this purpose, pebbles or stone chips can be used.
►If you want the chickens to be tame, and they can be easily reached and stroked - accustom them to the hands from the very beginning. This will help them get used to and relieve stress when dealing with people.
► Keep track of your birds all the time - conduct inspections, monitor their behavior, appetite, litter. This will help you recognize diseases and pests early on and to prevent and treat them. Take care of the fight against ticks and lice - the most common parasites.
►Control the walking of chickens, otherwise they can quickly damage your garden and garden.
►If necessary, it is necessary to trim the wings of the chickens so that they could not fly over the fence and leave the territory of the site.
►Protect chickens from attacking other pets. Encourage dogs to respond to chickens and not approach them.
►When laying eggs, feed chickens with premium calcium-added feeds. Provide enough feed so that the chickens can eat as much as they want.
► Provide plenty of food and drink to sick chickens. Often this can be a decisive factor for the recovery of the bird.
►It will guard the sick hens from the pack to prevent an epidemic.
►Care for vaccination of domestic chicks, and check if the chicks have been vaccinated at the time of purchase.
We hope these tips will help you grow a healthy population of birds that will delight you for many years.
Useful tips for keeping hens
When a person overpowers fear and makes a firm decision to have feathered pets at his site, he faces a considerable number of questions. How? Where to begin? What to feed? The answers to these questions can be found in this material, but we will start from the very first stage. First of all, consider the choice of breed for maintenance.
To begin with, you have to determine the purpose of keeping chickens. What result do you want to get? Lots of eggs or more meat? Or maybe you want the chickens to be versatile and manage their egg-laying, and also serve as a good source of tasty meat? Based on this, it is worth determining the type of rock selected for maintenance. There are 3 main types of breeds for home maintenance.
In addition to these three, there are also decorative, fighting, exotic. But, this is not the best choice for a beginner, so you need to wait a bit until you gain experience. When choosing hens, also consider the climate in which they will have to live.
Study what temperatures he is able to endure, in what conditions are needed, and determine whether you can arrange proper comfort for them.
Chicken Breeding Tips
- Chickens are kept warm and clean, so it is better to give preference to cages with a fine mesh floor. Under the grid is a pallet, in which all the garbage and feces are collected. This not only helps to ensure cleanliness, but also facilitates the cleaning process.
- The worst thing for cubs is hypothermia. To maintain heat, it is necessary to install a heater or a special lamp.
- Do not experiment with food for feathered babies - give proven and certified feed. When you gain more experience, it will be easier for you to regulate the diet of young animals yourself.
- Make sure the chickens drink well. You can give them water, glucose syrup, yogurt, but all this must necessarily be warm so that their organisms do not overcool.
- Take care of the health of your wards from the first days. Give them vitamins and minerals, and vaccinate them in a timely manner.
- If it’s already warm outside, and your crumbs are 3 weeks old, you can take them out for a while to breathe fresh air, or let them out with a scoop. Some farmers practice more early walks, but experience has shown that this negatively affects their health and survival.
Living conditions for adult laying hens
Advice on keeping chickens for beginner poultry farmers must include recommendations on the “living” conditions of the winged herd. Regardless of which breed you prefer, it will be necessary to create a comfortable and safe home for klush.
If you are going to keep your winged toilers in cages, they should be located in a dry and spacious room with high-quality air exchange.
In the summer, the cells can be on the street, but in winter, the klush will not be able to sleep in the cold. Of course, it is better to keep the poultry in a spacious house with a walking yard adjacent to it.
Here are some guidelines for equipping a house:
- The room should be spacious so that the hens feel light and do not fight for a place. Therefore, calculate the area of the house based on the fact that you can place 3 quotas per 1 square meter.
- The installation of perches is necessary for small chickens, which will be able to easily climb on them and not be injured at the same time. If you have chosen large klush of meat type of productivity, it is better to give preference to a quality litter instead of perches.
- The walls in the house and the floor must be periodically treated and monitored so that fungus and mold do not appear on them.
- It is important to replace the litter in the house in a timely manner so that it is not wet.
- It is very important to protect birds from drafts and rodents - their health depends on it.
Feeding the birds
Feeding laying hens in winter and summer is something that you have to face daily. Experienced farmers do this almost automatically - they already know exactly what and in what quantity, and most importantly - how many times a day, they need to give a winged herd. Beginners are confused in building a diet. Here are some tips to help.
- Overfeeding, as well as lack of food, can be harmful. And the consequences are severe in both cases. Therefore, it is important to dose food based on the data given in the tables for the type of bird you have chosen.
- Buy enough feed in advance so you don't have a grain shortage. Combined feed is the most successful base product in the chicken diet.
- Do not forget about vitamin supplements and mineral powders. They should be present in food daily, especially if the scoops are well carried.
- To the extent possible, prepare your ward with wet mixes, especially if the cold has come. This is nothing complicated - you just need to steam the grain with boiling broth, add chopped vegetables or boil in advance. It is very convenient to add minerals, vitamins, herbal or coniferous flour to such mixers.
- Periodically pamper your birds with “lively” delicacies such as maggots and worms. It is especially useful to give them in the winter. A good protein product is also fish and meat - sometimes you can give waste from the master's table. But, it is important that the product is fresh.
In most cases, hens have strong immunity, but, nevertheless, sometimes they get sick. The poultry breeder must do everything possible to protect his wards as much as possible and strengthen their health. What can be done for this? Let's look at these tips for keeping hens laying for beginners ..
- The first principle for protecting hens is vaccination. Thanks to this, the herd will develop immunity to some fatal infections, and you can avoid global losses. There are vaccines that are given once and the birds develop resistance to a particular virus for life. But, there are those that require annual revaccination. Experienced poultry farmers independently purchase a vaccine and vaccinate chickens, but it is better for a novice to bring in a veterinarian for this. Then you can learn from the experience and do it yourself. An important rule is that only healthy birds are vaccinated.
- Second moment. If Klushi will receive all the necessary nutrients every day along with nutrition, their health will certainly be stronger. Additionally, you can feed chickens with fish oil and yeast.
- Antiparasitic treatment is also required. The first and simplest thing you can do is pour a drawer of ash so that the scoops can clean their feathers there. Periodically, you need to inspect the plumage, treat preparations with fleas. The most dangerous parasite is the lice. Because of it, hens quickly bald and die. It is important to notice the pest in a timely manner and destroy it.
Breeding of birds is a responsible business, but at the same time profitable and interesting. The worst thing is to start. But, as soon as you take the first steps in poultry farming, you will feel more confident!
If this information and tips on keeping hens for beginners were useful, share it with your family and friends on social networks. They will also be interested in reading these tips.
Subscribe to the site updates in order not to miss the latest publications - you will find a lot of interesting information.
Welfare to you and success!
In the comments you can add your photos of laying hens, roosters and chickens! Or another poultry. We wonder what your chicken coop is?
Do you like the article? Share with your friends on social networks: