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Honey Cyprichromis (Cyprichromis microlepidotus)

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Honey cyprichromis is a colorful peaceful fish that gets along well with other species that are similar in keeping conditions. It is often recommended for those who have just started doing an aquarium, as it is easy to breed and maintain.

Gender: Tsiprichromisy / Cyprichromis.

Ciprichromis microlepidotus / Smallscale Cyprichromis.

Habitat and habitat

Ciprichromis honey is endemic to Lake Tanganyika, which is located in southern Africa. Sometimes this species can be found on the southern coast of the Congo and in the Gulf of Chitut, located in Zambia. Fishes are used to living in clean, “open” water above a rocky substrate, where they occupy the upper layers of water (5-30 meters), trying to be as close to pitfalls as possible. There they move together in a large flock, and the size of the flock sometimes reaches 1000 individuals. Since the surface of the stone substrate is completely dotted with plankton and small particles of algae, it is not difficult for fish to find food for themselves.

Microlepododus is not large. The length of his body does not exceed 14 centimeters. The body narrows closer to the tail and has a honey color, for this reason this species of fish began to be called - honey cyprichromis. These fish have three fins: dorsal, anal and caudal. In males, the color of the fins (anal and dorsal) is turquoise blue, the caudal fin is usually either golden or black-blue, and the body has a honey-orange color, covered with bluish-purple sparkles. The fin on the back of the male is quite long, about 14 hard rays, and 12-13 soft.

The female is more modestly colored than the male. The bodies of female individuals, as a rule, are gray, sometimes with shades of green, but at the same time they are mystically beautiful, their scales have such a property as fluorescence.

Content and Behavior

Ciprichromis honey is a schooling school, so it is desirable that there are at least 10 individuals in the aquarium. More than a third of the group should be males. A flock of microlepidotuses gets along well with other types of calm fish. You can keep cyprichromis with other species of the same family, hybridization will not occur. Fish are very active, jumping very, so it’s better to keep the aquarium closed so that individuals do not jump out of the water. It will be ideal if there are a large number of stone structures in the aquarium that imitate rocks. It is advisable to plant plants, but the area of ​​the aquarium should be quite large. Honey cyprichromises need a large swimming space. During the spawning period, the fish may show some aggression, but even if the males begin to fight among themselves, everything can be done without damage. In general, fish are very peaceful, plants do not touch, but are very sensitive to poor water quality. Abrupt changes in temperature conditions are poorly tolerated. Particular attention should be paid to the cleanliness of the aquarium, waste and residual feed should be removed as often as possible, since ammonia can be released during the nitrification process. For fish, this is fatal.

This type of fish is very demanding on food. In the natural habitat, honey cyprichromis eats small crustaceans, plankton and particles of algae, therefore, being in the aquarium, it needs dry food of natural origin. Ideal as a food base, brine shrimp, cyclops, mosquito larvae, daphnia. As for dry food, it is worth noting that microlepododus is very picky about its quality. They will definitely not eat food that is motionless at the bottom, so you should clean the bottom of it in a timely manner so as not to pollute the water in the aquarium.

Breeding and reproduction

This species spawns in open water and always in packs, so it makes no sense to keep a couple of cyprichromis. The female throws eggs, then picks it up with her mouth and sucks in the sperm released by the male. Thus, caviar is incubated in the mouth for three weeks. After the fry left the maternal mouth, they can be left in the aquarium. Adult fish will not harm them. In a year, cyprichromis will become a sexually mature individual.

Many experienced aquarists advise you to pay attention to how honey cyprichromis perceives this or that food. This will be a kind of feed test. If a fish, swallowing food, suddenly begins to shake its head and rush from side to side, trying to spit it out, then such food is definitely not suitable for feeding.

Content

Cyprichromis can be kept in a common aquarium 100 m long or more. In the neighbors you need to pick up calm and proportionate fish. It is better to keep a school of fish in a species aquarium, in the amount of about 15 individuals. The aquarium should have stone structures similar to rocks with caves and grottoes, and plants should also be planted. The space for swimming should be spacious enough. Water is needed transparent, regular replacement of water is required to the amount of 5-10% of the volume twice a week for fresh, with the same parameters. Aeration and filtration is required (preferably a mechanical-biological filter). Cyprichromis needs to be fed with live food and substitutes.

Breeding

Breeding takes place in the same aquarium where the fish are kept. The female throws an egg 3-4 mm in diameter, gray-white, then picks it up in her mouth. At the same time, the male releases a white cloud of milk directly into the female’s mouth, and the roe is fertilized. Thus, the female lays about 15 eggs and hides with them in a shelter. Incubation of eggs 21-25 days, during this period, the female takes food. Fry emerge from the female’s mouth with a length of 1.5 cm immediately accept artemia and small cyclops.

Sexual maturity in cyprichromis microlepidotus occurs in 10-12 months.

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