Country of origin: Great Britain.
Other name: Sussex Spaniel.
The breed was bred in the nineteenth century in the English county of Sussex, hence its name. It is believed that the blood of the hounds flows in his veins, since the barking of this dog is unusual for spaniels, and puppies similar to bloodhounds are sometimes found in litters.
The first Sussex Spaniels were born in the Rosehill Kennel in 1795. They belonged to Mr. Fuller, who fixed in Sussex a rich golden liver color, which is a distinctive characteristic of the breed. Finne Bullock also carried out significant work on the selection and improvement of sussex.
Until 1872, the Sussex Spaniel was not displayed at the exhibitions as a separate breed, but only as a large spaniel. The breed standard was approved in the UK in 1885. At the beginning of the formation of the breed, sussex was used in England when hunting on rough terrain, where the abundance of game made him a tolerable dog.
However, it was hardly imported to the United States, probably because Sussex does not have the necessary speed qualities, because the natural conditions in England and the USA are very different.
In modern conditions, the breed is threatened with extinction. This breed of dog is bred mainly in the UK. In other European countries it is very rare to meet sussex. There are 26 of them in Belgium, 18 are registered in France, and even fewer are in the Netherlands. In Germany there are only two. Although the Sussex is not as quick as a springer or a cocker, it has great instinct and perseverance, and these qualities have always been appreciated in the hunt for game. When he senses a bird, he often casts a voice. On the hunt, these dogs have a characteristic confident gait.
Due to the golden-red color of these dogs, it is difficult to distinguish among trees, especially at sunset. Therefore, they may be accidentally shot by a hunter. Perhaps this is the reason for the low popularity of the Sussex Spaniel. The population of Sussex has never been large, and since the 19th century it has hardly changed either in character or in exterior. A strong, squat dog with an elongated torso and a serious expression of eyes. A distinctive feature of the breed is a rich golden liver color.
Height at the withers: 38-41 cm
Weight: 18-20 kg.
Breed recognized: CKC, FCI, AKC, KCGB, CKC, NKC, NZKC, ACR.
Features and Character: smart and loyal dog, a cheerful and affable creature, aggressiveness is completely absent. Despite the serious expression of their eyes, the Sussex are friendly, obedient and have a cheerful disposition. Active, tireless in work, easily amenable to training. Always on the alert, recognizes only the owner. We respect Sussex as a hunting dog, because it has an exceptional scent, it is energetic and hardy, barks loudly when hunting in dense thickets. However, he is often irreconcilable with other dogs. It is also a good decorative dog.
Head: broad, well-formed, with highly developed superciliary arches. Sufficiently heavy eyebrows give it a frown. The skull is wide, not flat and not very convex, with a depression in the middle and a noticeable nose bridge. Noticeable, but not very prominent occipital bone. The head leaves an impression of strength, but not rudeness.
Muzzle: about 7.5 cm long, wide, square in profile. The nose is wide, dark brown. The nostrils are well developed, hepatic in color. The lips are slightly saggy. Strong jaws with the right straight scissor bite, for which the upper incisors lie without a gap on the lower ones, and the teeth are directed normally relative to the jaws.
Eyes: hazelnut color, medium size, not round, presence of blinking membrane. The look is soft.
The ears: long, thick, lethargic, lobiform. Set relatively low, just above the outer edge of the eyes.
Neck: long, strong, slightly curved, does not hold his head too high above his back. Slightly loose skin on the throat forms a beautiful crease.
Body: squat, the silhouette is rectangular, because the length of the body is greater than the height at the withers. All addition is strong and proportional, there is no visible transition from scruff to the croup.
Rib cage deep and well developed, not too round and wide. The back ribs are deeply located. The underbody should not be large. The back and lower back are well developed and muscular in width and in depth. The top line is straight.
Limbs: forelimbs - shoulder blades obliquely set, muscular. The shoulders along the lengths and angles of the joints correspond to the inclination of the scapula, so the forelimbs are quite set under the body, very short, strong, with a massive skeleton. May be slightly barrel-shaped. Both a straight and slightly barrel-shaped structure are considered correct. The legs are a little short and strong. Metacarpus very short, with massive skeleton.
Hind limbs - hips made of strong bones, muscles, ankles are large and strong, legs are short and strong, on good bones, but not much shorter than the front ones and are normally bent. The limbs are set parallel to each other and widely, at the level of the forelimbs. The angle of articulation of the hock is moderate. Metatarsus are short, parallel to each other, with massive bones, the hock joints are not brought together and are not deployed either inward or outward.
Movement: powerful and characterized by excellent coordination of the front and hind limbs - without swaying horizontally of the front shoulder girdle and vertically (wobbling and swaying), they do not overlap.
Paws: large, round, well-compacted, densely covered with hair between the fingers.
Tail: stops at 12-18 cm. In movement, the sussex actively wags its tail, but does not carry it above the level of the back.
Hairline: the coat is rich and smooth, without a tendency to curl and without a large down pad to protect it from the weather. The ears are covered with soft wavy hair, but not luxurious. The front and hind limbs are quite overgrown. On the neck there is a pronounced frill. The tail is covered with thick hair, forming a suspension of moderate length. Haircuts are not allowed, with the exception of the metatarsus and paws - on top and between the pads. The hair between the fingers must be left so that it covers the claws.
Color: the juicy color of the gilded liver, the ends of the hair are cast more in a golden tone. Dark liver color or red brown is not acceptable.
... Calm, lively temperament, exceptional working capacity, endurance, lack of aggressive attitude towards other dogs, the ability to play with children, and, of course, an unusually colorful appearance - all this is a Sussex Spaniel.
The nature of the Sussex Spaniel is somewhat stubborn and difficult to train. At the same time, having a well-trained sussex as an assistant, the hunter can count on a successful hunt.
Sussex spaniels have one unique feature - having a voice with a rich gamut of modulations, they can tell the owner with a certain timbre and intonation about what kind of animal they are chasing! He perfectly drives out partridges, pheasants, black grouse and woodcocks from the thicket. Sussex also works well in reeds in the ducks, swimming and diving perfectly behind them. I must say that these dogs serve game well, but they don’t wrinkle it. They compare favorably with other spaniels with enviable health and longevity.
In the house, Sussex is a very calm, balanced dog, which is attached to one person, but, contrary to this, is courteous with others. Children are especially fond of the Sussex Spaniel. Consequently, he has a peace-loving character and is very reliable and intelligent.
Sussex Spaniels really like to take part in a wide variety of games (with the owner or with other dogs). They are always happy to go for a walk, and the longer it is, the better those lucky ones who managed to get such a dog for themselves prefer to go hunting with it.
On a walk, the Sussex Spaniels can be lowered from a leash if walking is carried out on a special sports ground. However, they very roughly behave and being on the street. The luxurious wool of these spaniels is a protection against any weather, but it needs to be thoroughly combed daily. Wool should be brushed daily and combed with a comb. It is necessary to ensure that dried fingers do not remain between the fingers. Representatives of this breed have a predisposition to infectious diseases of the oral cavity and organs of vision. Often there are cases of hip dysplasia. The dog does not tolerate heat.
Sussex spaniels can be kept in a metropolis, as they do not need significant space for exercise.
History of breed origin
The breed got its name in honor of Sussex County, located in England, where the first nurseries were opened that kept and bred this breed of spaniels. The first Sussex Spaniel dog belonged to Mr. Fuller - it was he who secured a golden-sand shade of hair in the breed.
The currently rare breed of sussex spaniels has been preserved thanks to the efforts and efforts of the Englishman D. Freer. Like many other breeds, Sussex also was on the verge of extinction during the Second World War. It was Freer who managed to save 8 dogs, which gave rise to a long, painstaking restoration work. The standard itself was approved in 1885 in the UK, and from that moment the breed was assigned to a separate group.
Description of the breed Sussex Spaniel
The Sussex Spaniel is a short breed of dog, height which varies between 38-42 cm, with weight in 21-23 kg. General characteristics of the appearance of thoroughbred representatives are prescribed in the standard:
- Head the dog has a wide and well-formed, with well-developed and clearly outlined eyebrow arches, which gives the dog a somewhat gloomy and spiteful appearance. The skull is wide, but non-planar and not too convex, with a clearly defined indentation on the bridge of the nose. Noticeably, although not too much, the bone protrudes in the nape of the neck - all this leaves an impression of strength, but not of rudeness.
- The muzzle has a length of about 7.5 cm, it is wide and square in profile. The nose is brown, the nostrils are wide, well developed, and hepatic in color.
- The lips are slightly saggy, the jaw is strong, the bite is correct, straight and scissor-like when the upper incisors extend beyond the lower.
- Eyes medium size, the iris is painted in a beautiful brown shade, their feature is the presence of a blinking membrane - this gives the look a certain softness.
- The ears - large, resembling lobes, hanging, plentifully covered with wool, but not wavy.
- A long and strong neck, slightly curved in the setting, holds the head in relation to the back at an average level, in the throat there is a beautiful fold.
- Body in dogs - squat, slightly rectangular, the body length itself is greater than the height at the withers. The body is strong, muscular, proportional, there is no visible and clearly defined transition from the withers to the croup.
- The chest is well developed, deep set, and the chest should not be too large, although the back and the lumbar region are also well developed, muscular, the top line goes straight.
- Front limbs with obliquely set shoulder blades, muscular, shoulders go downhill, located under the body, short and strong, have a massive skeleton. They can be either straight or barrel-shaped - this is considered the norm and is not considered as a deviation from the standard.
- The hind limbs are muscular, with massive ankle joints, longer than the front, with a normal bend angle. The legs are set parallel to each other, well muscled, and the hock joint is level. A thick coat grows between the fingers on all limbs.
- Tail docked (up to 12-15 cm), when moving the spaniel actively wags it, but does not put it above the level of the back.
This breed of dog is characterized by powerful movements, excellent coordination of both front and hind legs - the dog does not swing in movement, the legs do not cross in running.
Type of coat and color
The coat is shiny, very thick, smooth or slightly wavy, with no tendency to curly. Haircuts for this breed of dogs are not provided, with the exception of the metatarsus and paws in the area of the pads.
The only color of the coat according to the standard is golden-chestnut, and the outer hair at the very tip acquires a rich golden hue. A white spot on the body is a serious error in the breed standard.
Character and temper
If the Sussex Spaniel lives in an apartment or a house, it is a calm and very balanced dog, tied, as a rule, to its owner, but with all other members of the family it will be quite courteous and friendly.
Since this is a calm, even phlegmatic dog, characterized by a balanced and good-natured character, natural patience for all households, he is often kept in families where there are small children and other animals. Children love Sussex, and he pays them the same adoration.
The dog will relate to a stranger quite wary, but at the same time he will not show aggression or anger. Although some owners note a not very pleasant feature of the Sussex Spaniels - in moments of danger or in case of an extraneous and unfamiliar noise, they will bark loudly and for a long time. Which, of course, causes certain inconvenience to the neighbors.
Sussexes get along well with other dog breeds and pets, without creating problems with defending their territory. The only restriction is birds, since it is on birds that the natural instinct of the hunter works for them, and in this regard, no socialization of the furry pet will help.
In general, the dog is distinguished by its cheerful disposition and incredible devotion to the family, affectionate and obedient, easily lends itself to training, although it can be very, very stubborn. A calm disposition and lively habits, incredible performance on a walk or a hunt, the absence of aggression towards other pets and the ability to play with children makes sussexes universal favorites.
Training and education
This breed is easy to train and quickly learns, the main thing is patience and gentle handling of the pet. To educate an active and healthy pet, it is important to provide him with not only good nutrition, but also sufficient physical activity. It should be long, with commensurate physical activity games, active training in the fresh air. All this will benefit the dog, forming not only its good physical shape, but also mental stability, without making the phlegmatic avid neurotic.
If possible, it is worth walking the sussex spaniel without a leash and a muzzle in permitted places, optimally involving it in working with experienced dog handlers and in training, in dog races, where the pet can show all its talents.
The only thing that is worth remembering when raising and training this breed is because of its phlegmatism, but not the lack of quick-wittedness and perseverance, he will remember and execute commands with some slowness and reluctance. Therefore, the owners should show a certain margin of patience and encourage their pet treats after a properly executed team.
Caring for a thoroughbred representative is simple, not requiring any excessive efforts or costs, especially since the Sussex is completely unpretentious and undemanding.First of all, it is regular combing of wool, at least 1-2 times a week.
It is important for the owner to inspect the ears covered with wool, where it can slide into tangles, and the area between the fingers on the pads of the legs - in these places it should be regularly trimmed. Water procedures are carried out 3-5 times a year or as pollution.
Periodically, the ears are inspected for contamination and infections - if sulfur and dirt accumulations are detected, they are cleaned with a cotton pad soaked in water or a special medical solution. If there was an unpleasant specific smell, you should contact a veterinarian.
It is worth trimming the claws as they grow back - in this case they use not ordinary scissors, but a special nail clipper. But some owners of spaniels do not cut their claws, as the pets themselves grind them, but this applies only to adults, but for small puppies such procedures are required.
The eyes of the pet are subject to regular inspection. In the presence of contamination, they are treated with a cotton pad soaked in chamomile tea or tea leaves. Although the Sussex has fairly strong, good teeth, they also require care. You can remove plaque and tartar by giving the pet dental dentistry, large bones, and dry food in the form of large granules.
Naturally, you will need to do vaccinations, go to preventive examinations. All these measures will help maintain the health of the pet and timely prevent various pathologies.
This breed is distinguished by excellent and good health - the life expectancy of sussex spaniels varies from 12 to 15 years. The only weak link in their anatomy is called by the veterinarians the eyes and oral cavity, and that is why it is worthwhile to carefully monitor them, regularly inspect and clean, not forgetting the high tendency to infectious diseases.
In addition, doctors point out that congenital hip dysplasia can often be observed in these spaniels - therefore it is important to conduct a regular examination of the pet, provide it with a balanced diet and a full intake of vitamins, mineral compounds.
Also, the list of the most common diseases that veterinarians diagnose with sussex spaniels includes:
- infectious lesion of the auricle,
But all these pathologies can be avoided if you regularly show the dog to the veterinarian and examine your pet yourself - this will allow you to timely identify the pathology and prescribe a course of treatment.
An adult dog is fed twice a day - morning and evening, and the puppy is provided with 5-6 meals a day, while they do not forget about round-the-clock access to clean drinking water. The owner has a choice - feed the dog "drying" or "natural". If the owner preferred ready-made rations to natural feeding, it is worth choosing high-quality feed for small, active dog breeds.
The main diet for a natural type of food is cereals and meat, with the addition of vegetables, while the amount of servings should be calculated taking into account the activity of the dog. As noted by veterinarians and dog handlers, 2/3 of the daily amount of food should be meat and offal, preferring beef, raw or boiled.
By-products can also be added to the pet’s diet - boiled liver and heart, always cooked udder and lungs, and a scar is also shown. The main thing is not to feed exclusively meat - it is important to introduce fermented milk products into the diet, for example, cottage cheese and milk, give 1-2 eggs per week. In addition, you can arrange a dog and a fish day.
From cereals, you can give preference to oatmeal and buckwheat, rice. Of vegetables, carrots and pumpkins should be introduced into the diet, sweet varieties of fruits and greens that will supply vitamins and minerals to the body are useful.
They feed the dog after a walk - you should not feed him before exercise, as this can provoke an inversion of the intestines and constipation or diarrhea. It is also worthwhile to ensure that the spaniel eats the entire portion - if this does not happen, it is reduced by the half-eaten volume. It is shown to add a few drops of fish oil to food, but if the dog has diarrhea on it, it is worth excluding this supplement.
With respect to the cooking principles for the Sussex Spaniel, veterinarians recommend the following guidelines:
- First of all, food should be steamed or served in boiled form - this will save vitamins and not harm the digestive tract.
- Freshness of food is the key to good nutrition of your pet, its health and prevention of poisoning. The meat is bought several times a week, and the cooked ingredients - porridge, broth or offal are stored separately, mixed before meals.
- Food for the pet should be without salt and pepper, spices, as this can cause allergies, indigestion.
- If the dog refuses high-quality food, good and fresh prepared feeds - you just need to replace them, or add some tasty food to the dish.
- Give preference to lean meats and hated broths. The fact is that all spaniels are insatiable gluttons and, in the absence of sufficient load, quickly gain weight.
- The dog should never be angry and distracted when it eats - the animal should eat calmly, while the food itself should be at room temperature.
Since the breed is rare in the Russian expanse, difficulties may arise with the acquisition of a thoroughbred puppy. You can order puppies in foreign nurseries involved in the breeding of Sussex.
When choosing a puppy, it is important to follow a number of rules that will avoid disappointment and unnecessary proceedings with the breeder:
- Buying a puppy older than 6 weeks in the family should not be taken until this time, forcibly tearing it away from the mother, which makes it especially weak and painful.
- Personally see the puppy’s parents, in what conditions they are kept - this will determine how healthy the puppy is, whether it will meet the breed standards, and whether there will be health problems in the future.
- The main thing is that the puppy has vaccinations and vaccines appropriate to his age.
- Clarify how and with what the baby was fed, look at his hair and eyes - they should be clean and shiny, without tangles and suppurations. The puppy itself must be mobile and active.
The average cost of a Sussex Spaniel puppy varies from 19,000 to 25,000 rubles.
The Sussex Spaniel is a calm, balanced, complaisant dog that is perfect for families with children and the owner, who often likes to go outdoors, at least, and best of all, for hunting and game.
The Sussex Spaniel was bred in southern Britain in the county of the same name in the late 18th century.
The creator of the breed - the local landowner, politician and philanthropist John Fuller, set out to bring a hunting dog that could successfully work in local conditions.
Sussex County was covered with forest thickets and it was hard for dogs of the breeds known at that time to work in dense undergrowth.
In addition, it was required that the dog not only track the hiding bird and bring the killed game to the hunter. He also had to bark at the place where the future prey was hiding.
To get such a dog, Fuller crossed several breeds of spaniels, in particular, the Norfolk Spaniel, Field Spaniel, Clamber Spaniel, as well as the English Springer Spaniel.
So a dog was obtained, which, in addition to possessing excellent instinct and knowing how to track game in a dense undergrowth, could also actively cast a voice while working. This new breed compares favorably with previously derived spaniels.
But at the same time, the Sussex Spaniel was never very popular. So, in 1947 in England, only ten puppies of this breed were registered. And, although by now the number of livestock has increased significantly, in the UK they are among the vulnerable breeds.
Currently, the largest number of sussex spaniels has been collected in the United States, as for Russia and the CIS, the number of dogs in these countries is extremely small.
Photo and description of the breed
Sussex is a squat, massive spaniel of a very long format. Not too big, but weighing enough for a dog of this size. Outwardly, it looks like a clamber spaniel, but differs from it by a slightly lower height at the withers, color and physique.
A characteristic feature is slightly saggy eyelids, giving the Sussex Spaniel a phlegmatic expression, as well as its brownish coat, casting golden glare in the sun.
Like other spaniels, sussex have long ears, covered with silky hair, almost square when viewed from the side of the muzzle, as well as a friendly and calm look.
These dogs can be used to find and feed game, but are also good as pets.
Sussex Spaniels are friendly to people and pets, they are loyal and devoted companions.
Possessing a lively, but balanced and calm temperament, vigilance, exceptionally good scent, as well as efficiency, they can be used to search for game and its subsequent supply from water or dense thickets.
Sussex Spaniels are very fond of being in the society of their masters and are wonderful towards children. They are charming, positive, and many representatives of this breed are not even without a kind of humor.
The Sussex Spaniel may seem like a phlegmatic and slow dog, but actually he is cheerful, playful and sufficiently mobile.
Pros and cons
- Calm, balanced temperament.
- Friendly to other animals and people.
- They treat children well.
- Hardy and strong enough.
- They can be used in hunting both for search, detection and raising of game, and for its supply from the ground or from water.
- Successfully work in rough terrain and dense undergrowth.
- Original, but at the same time noble and elegant appearance.
- The only spaniel breed in the world whose representatives cast their voice while hunting.
- Unpretentious and able to adapt to various conditions.
- Can be kept in the countryside and in the city.
- Do not need complex hair care.
- They can be rather slow when searching for game and are more suitable for fans of leisurely hunting.
- Sometimes they are stubborn, especially during training.
- Not the easiest breed to breed.
- Do not differ in variety of colors.
- Expensive price, as well as the fact that its future owners have to wait for a puppy sometimes for several months.
Proportional and harmonious with respect to the body, quite wide and massive with a well-defined transition to the muzzle and developed superciliary arches that give the muzzle and look a phlegmatic, slightly gloomy expression.
Broad, large and rather thick, set low - approximately, at the level of the outer corners of the eyes, covered with long, adorning hair.
Expressive, oval, quite large. The color of the iris is hazel. The eyelids are slightly saggy, but hide most of the conjunctiva.
Strong, with a moderately wide posture and well-developed muscles.
Currently, most often, leaves a natural length, but can also be cropped and reach 12-17 cm in length. Pretty fat, kept on the back line or below. The hair on the tail is long, thick and straight, giving it the appearance of a feather.
The outer hair on the body is moderately stiff, straight and strong, the undercoat is dense, reminiscent of felt to the touch. There are scratches on the ears and back of the limbs.
The most preferred is a brownish color with a pronounced golden tint of wool and the same shade with the tips of the hair. Bright brown and reddish brown shades are also considered acceptable, although valued lower.
Attitude to other pets and children
Sussex spaniels are good for children. They are calm and good-natured enough to disregard children's pranks, although they do not like to be teased.
Phlegmatic and slow at first glance, these dogs show activity and mobility during games with their small owners.
Usually, sussex behave quite friendly in relation to other pets except birds.
They are calm, reasonable and try not to conflict with other dogs and cats.
How to care?
The hair of the Sussex Spaniel should be combed at least once a week, and during molting - daily, trying to remove all dead undercoat. They bathe the dog as necessary, since frequent washing is harmful for representatives of this breed, and insufficiently dried undercoat can cause skin diseases.
Long, hanging ears are recommended to be cleaned once every 1-2 weeks, and inspected daily.
The eyes of the Sussex Spaniel also need regular care. They need to be examined every day, and if necessary, wiped with a damp cotton pad, dipped in a special eye cleanser, which can be purchased at a veterinary pharmacy.
The claws are shortened if necessary, while it is recommended to use a claw cutter, and not scissors or manicure forceps, since otherwise you can split the claw.
Life expectancy and underlying diseases
Sussex Spaniels live 12-15 years and, as a rule, have good health.
However, these dogs may have a predisposition to certain diseases, such as:
- Hip dysplasia.
- Adenoma of the third century.
- Inversion or inversion of the eyelids.
- Obstruction of the lacrimal gland.
- Retinal atrophy.
- Diseases of the oral cavity (tartar, periodontal disease, caries, pulpitis, stomatitis).
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system, among which the most common are pulmonary valve stenosis and the open ductus arteriosus.
- Sliding Disc Syndrome.
Before buying a puppy, you need to check the availability of medical certificates from his parents.
You can feed your pet with ready-made food or with natural food prepared at home.
If it is decided to feed the dog with the finished food, then you need to choose a brand that matches the age, size, activity and physical condition.
When feeding natural food about 2/3 of the diet should be meat and offal. Buckwheat, rice or oatmeal is recommended to be added to them. Sour-milk products, raw or boiled vegetables and boiled boneless sea fish, which can be replaced with meat once a week, will also be a useful addition to the diet.
You can not feed the dog before a walk or hunt, as physical activity can provoke in her twisting or bloating.
Giving your pet food is recommended no earlier than two hours after a walk.
In addition, it should be noted that the Sussex Spaniels are insatiable and ready to eat endlessly. It is necessary to limit the pet in food, giving him only the prescribed portion and not to feed him in between feedings.
How to choose a puppy?
The Sussex Spaniel is very rare and expensive not only in Russia, but throughout the world, and the choice of such a pet should be approached responsibly.
Not recommended to buy puppy without documents, since all purebred dogs of this breed are kept either in kennels or from private breeders, but not from breeders.
In addition, it is very important that the puppy belongs to healthy lines: his parents must have medical certificates. In the event that Sussex is acquired for hunting, it is desirable that his father and mother also have diplomas in field trials.
The puppy's eyes should be calm and friendly, and there should be no cowardice or aggressiveness in the behavior.
Nurseries of Russia and the CIS
Currently, in Russia there are the following main nurseries involved in the cultivation of sussex spaniels:
- Memfestor’s (Moscow)
- Labry Berry (Ryazan)
- From the House of Roman (Ivanovo region)
Contact information for these nurseries can be found on the Internet - on their websites or on social networks.
There is no information on nurseries in the CIS countries, as the owners of the sussex there are either not breeding at all or do it as private breeders.
Conclusion and Conclusions
Currently, the Sussex Spaniel is rarely used as a dog and has become a faithful, dedicated companion and exhibitor.
Sussexes are smart, obedient enough, calm and balanced, they treat other pets well and love to play with children. But, despite the positive, friendly disposition and interesting appearance, they are not as popular in the world as many other spaniels.
In Russia, a high-quality, but still very few, number of these dogs has been collected, and therefore, its future owners sometimes have to wait months for a puppy of a Sussex Spaniel.
In the mid-late 18th century in the county of Sussex, thanks to the efforts of the English aristocrat Fuller A new breed of hunting dogs, the Sussex, was bred. For breeding work, Fuller used the English Springer, Clamber Spaniel, Field Spaniel, Norfolk Spaniel. The resulting spaniels perfectly corresponded to the features of work in the forest area of the county.
Unfortunately, in the twentieth century, interest in the breed gradually faded away and at the moment it is on the verge of complete extinction.
The Sussex Spaniel is largely reminiscent of its ancestor, the Clumber Spaniel, the main differences are only the growth and color of the coat. The height of the dogs at the withers is 38 -41 cm, the height of bitches is the same, the weight of both bitches and dogs varies from 18 to 23 kg.
The head of the Sussex is quite large and wide, dome-shaped, with strongly prominent eyebrows. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is clearly pronounced. The nose is large, brown, eyes are large, deep set, light brown. Ears are hanging, low set, wide, tight to the head.
The neck of these dogs is elongated, strong. The back is broad and long with good muscles, the chest is deep a little rounded. The loin is wide and strong, the stomach is tightened.
The front and hind limbs are short, but strong and strong, with well-developed muscles, the legs are round, resemble cats, the claws are light. The tail is lowered down, must be docked in childhood, the permissible length is up to 17 cm.
The coat of Sussex is very thick and long with a dense undercoat; it perfectly protects the dog from bad weather. The coat is straight on the body, and slightly wavy on the ears, chest and paws. On the ears there is completely no undercoat.
The color of these spaniels is bronze or golden brown, red and dark brown are not welcome.
Sussex spaniels very energetic and agile dogs, they have a good instinct and clear voice, the timbre of their voice is their distinguishing feature from other spaniels. They are very smart dogs, they quickly get used to their family, and they are equally faithful in it.
Despite the energy, they may experience moments of some phlegm. This breed is completely uncharacteristic of the manifestation of cowardice and aggression both in relation to people and animals. Thanks to their calm disposition, these dogs can become good companion dogs. They are very fond of young children and will never offend them, playing, will endure all their pranks. Sussex Spaniels get along wonderfully with any other pets.
Care and education
Thanks to their intelligence and quick wits, the Sussex Spaniels easily trained animals. The only minus is the fact that due to their phlegmatic nature they can learn new teams a little longer than other dogs, so during training you need to be patient and persistent, you can never use physical punishment.
These dogs need good physical exertion, they can keep company for the owner while jogging. Since dogs are not aggressive, they can be walked in permitted places without a leash.
You can keep such a dog both in a city apartment and outside the city in an aviary. Dog hair care is easy. It is enough to comb it with a special comb two to three times a week and bathe as the dog gets dirty, using a mild dog shampoo. Every day you need to inspect the dog's paws and remove dirt between the fingertips, and the dog needs to be clipped regularly.
When compiling a Sussex diet, it is necessary to take into account the fact that spaniels often cannot control their appetite and therefore have a tendency to obesity. The older the dog becomes, the less carbohydrates and more protein should be on its menu.
The basis of the pet's menu should be such products:
- Meat (beef, veal, chicken).
- Porridge (oatmeal or wheat).
- Vegetables (without potatoes and legumes).
- Sour-milk products (milk is better to limit).
- Fish (boiled).
- The eggs.
It is recommended to completely remove the following foods from the diet of the Sussex Spaniel:
- Salt, seasonings and spices.
- Yeast baking.
- Pickled and smoked products.
- Tubular bones.
Sussex spaniels can also eat premium dry dog food, and the dog should always have clean drinking water in the public domain.
Sussex spaniels are confirmed by diseases of the eyes and mouth, and they are also prone to the occurrence of otitis media and other diseases of the ears. Like many other active breeds, sussex often has hip dysplasia.
Sussex Spaniels are a very rare breed of dogs, it is almost impossible to find them somewhere outside the UK, so to buy such a dog you will need to go to their homeland.
For these cute dogs, nicknames like: