This exotic and delicate flower belongs to the Gesneriev family. The birthplace of this flower is considered India and Vietnam. This exotic plant grows well and develops indoors.
Eschinantus does not drop vegetative mass for the winter and is considered an evergreen flower. He has not only attractive colors, but his greens, consisting of shiny leaves with a beautiful pattern, attract flower lovers. In its homeland, the plant prefers to grow in crevices of tree branches and belongs to epiphytic plants. But the flower does not exist due to the sap of the tree.
At home, the flower can grow to a mark of 95 cm. Beautiful flexible vines hang picturesquely from the edge of the container. Along the entire length of the twig are opposite fleshy leaves with a smooth surface. The hue of the leaf plates is bright green and sometimes they are covered with a light shade pattern. The length of the sheet is 12 cm. With a width of 4 cm.
When the flowering period begins, the ends of the shoots are covered with peduncles of elongated shape. They are collected in sparse brushes. Blossoming flowers resemble lipstick and have a bright orange-red hue of the petals. A white bract protrudes from the center of such a bud.
Species and varieties of eshinanthus
This plant has more than 200 species, but at home people grow no more than 15.
The main crops growing in our apartments:
Aeschinanthus marble - It has flexible decorative branches on which beautiful leaf plates are located. On the plates there is a motley coloring - from the central vein of the sheet, stripes diverge to the edge of the sheet. Flowers of this species are not attractive, and the tubes are painted in green.
Eskhinantus beautiful - This plant is quite common among lovers of gardeners. Flexible branches grow up to 60 cm in length and on them fleshy dark green leaves are located without any pattern up to 10 cm long. Blossoms in dense inflorescences from 12 tubular scarlet flowers.
Aeschinantus Twister - this subspecies is distinguished from all the others by leaf plates of a bright green shade with a wax coating. Not only leaf plates are spirally twisted at him, but also twigs grow curved. From the side, the bush looks like a curly wig. Bright red flowers grow their axillary leaf blades at the ends of the shoots.
Aeschinanthus Mona Lisa - in this species, leaves are elongated oval of dark green color have a shiny surface of the leaf plate. The central vein is well distinguished on the leaves. Blooms in red flowers. The main distinguishing feature is that the species is not the most capricious in home cultivation.
Aeschinantus Lobba - shoots of this variety have a reddish tint and not large leaves with a bright underside are located on it. Blooms with dense tassels with carmine colors.
Each species of Aeschinanthus is good in its own way and many gardeners can afford to collect a complete collection of the most popular varieties of this plant.
Rules for home care
For a plant to grow well in a room, you need to know certain rules for caring for it. The basic rule is that the acquired plant must be quarantined for 10 days to find out if it is infected with a fungal infection or parasites.
After this, Aeschinantus will require transplantation from purchased soil to specialized soil. It can be purchased ready-made in garden centers or compiled by yourself taking all the ingredients in equal proportions:
Coarse river sand
Immediately after transplantation, you do not need to put a container with a flower in the bright sun.
An important role in flower cultivation will have such parameters as temperature, reproduction, planting, and watering the plant. Therefore, it is necessary to dwell on these factors in more detail.
Content Temperature and Humidity
It is worth noting that in summer, Eskhinantus is suitable for air temperatures within 24 degrees of heat. If the temperature creeps up, you need to provide the plant with a higher air humidity, since at elevated temperatures the plant falls into a state of stagnation and ceases to absorb water using the root system. The best solution would be to bring the flower into the room where the working air conditioner is located, but if it is not, then put it on the floor of the room, oriented to the north.
In order for the plant to bloom in summer, it just needs to be given rest for the winter months. At the same time, the temperature in the room where the flower stands should not be higher than +16 degrees.
Since the flower needs moisture in the summer period, one should not forget about regular spraying with a small spray gun.
This plant can be propagated with:
With the help of seed propagation, the flower propagates very difficultly and is mainly used by breeders when breeding a new variety of Aeschinanthus. But if you really need to carry out such propagation, here are the main recommendations for growing seeds:
It will take coarse river sand and peat. The two components are mixed, taking in equal proportions, and disinfected. The mixture can be disinfected by calcining it in the oven for 20 minutes at a temperature of 200 degrees Celsius or by putting a mixture of soils in the freezer of the refrigerator for a day,
Prepared soil is poured into a container in which there must be drainage holes to drain excess water after irrigation,
The poured soil is moistened with warm water with potassium permanganate diluted in it to a pink color. After this, the seeds are sown,
Sown seeds are covered with clear glass or film to create greenhouse conditions for germinating seeds,
The room in which the seeds will germinate should be bright and warm, the air temperature should not fall below 25 degrees Celsius.
Having done all these recommendations, it remains to wait for the moment when the seeds begin to germinate. When most seeds appear above the surface of the earth, the shelter is removed from the container and put the container in a bright place, but not in direct sunlight, since the sprouts are still weak. When the seedlings of Aeschinanthus grow, they dive, planting 2-3 seedlings in separate cups of a suitable size.
But most often propagate Aeschinanthus vegetatively. During the entire warm season, apical petioles can be used for reproduction. When cutting cuttings, it is worth paying attention that the cuttings must have at least 2 developed internodes. The lower section is treated with any solution for root formation and planted in nutrient and loose soil with the addition of sphagnum moss. In order for the cuttings to take root, it is necessary to create greenhouse conditions, for this it is worth covering the cuttings with transparent plastic or glass containers, while the ambient temperature in the room should be at around 25 degrees.
When the root system appears, the cuttings are gradually accustomed to the environment, sometimes removing the jar for a short time. The appearance of the roots will be easy to notice if the cuttings are planted in transparent plastic glasses, in which there are necessarily drainage holes. The grown cuttings are planted in glasses corresponding to the size of the root system.
They also reproduce using a sheet plate cut off near the base.
Planting and transplanting of eshinanthus
The transplant is carried out only in the spring, since after winter dormancy Aeschinanthus actively moves to growth. The pot is selected such that the width is much greater than the height and the size should be 3-4 cm. More in diameter from the previous container. Soil is acquired ready. Well-established soil, which is designed for growing orchids or for Uzumbar violets. If there is no such soil, then it is composed independently, as described above.
Drainage is poured at the bottom of the pot with a layer of at least 2 cm.
Then they put 2 cm of nutrient soil and carefully removing the plant from the old container, transfer it to a new one.
The void between the old earth and the walls of the pot is covered with new earth, lightly tamping it with your fingers to get rid of the voids in the soil.
After transplanting, it is necessary to irrigate with warm water.
By following these recommendations, you can be sure that Aeschinantus will be transplanted in accordance with all the rules.
Eschinanthus prefers good lighting, but direct sunlight can cause burn spots on the leaf plates of the plant, especially in the summer. Burn spots are not treated and, over time, the burnt foliage disappears.
The best habitat in the apartment is the east window, or if the apartment has only windows with a southern direction, then the flower is placed on the table and fenced off from the sun by tulle.
It is carried out immediately after Eschinanthus fades, and is done annually. All branches are shortened by 1/3 of their length. Cropped branches can be used for propagation. All this will stimulate the growth of side shoots, and the bush will grow lush and beautiful.
Diseases and pests of eshinanthus
When a flower is cultivated in poor conditions that are not suitable for its normal growth, various diseases can occur:
Spider mite - this pest appears in dry periods or if the flower is rarely watered and does not moisten the air in the place where it stands. To get rid of it, you need to rob the entire cobweb from the plant with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol. Then treat the entire vegetative part of the flower with Actellik's solution, and spill the soil with the remaining solution into which Aeschinantus has been planted. Processing is carried out three times with an interval of 7 days.
Thrips - they are easy to spot by the small white spots that appear on the leaf plates. Get rid of them with the help of the same Actellik or Fitoverm can be used.
Gray rot - manifests itself with excess moisture and low temperature. If this disease is detected, it is necessary to raise the temperature of the content and reduce the humidity of both air and soil. Then treat with any appropriate fungicide.
Eschinanthus is a pretty beautiful flower, which some gardeners consider moody. But actually it is not. You just need to take care of him correctly, creating such living conditions for him that they correspond to what he has in his homeland. For the sake of spectacular flowering and beautiful leaf mass, you can try to recreate them at home.
Popular species and varieties of eshinanthus
In nature, there are about two hundred species of plants. Only fifteen are grown indoors. Below are the varieties that are most popular with amateur gardeners.
On dark leathery leaves, a pattern is formed from the transverse lines of a lighter tone. On top of them there are yellowish marks. It turns out an imitation of marble. Themselves stems reach a length of up to 90 cm. Eschinanthus marble is actively growing and gives a huge number of shoots.
The second name is Heat Bird. Saturated green leaves have sharp edges.. They look like faceted emeralds. Inflorescences are quite large (combine from 10 to 12 flowers). Half-meter stems are decorated with scarlet tubes.
The grade is beautiful
Aeschinanthus beautiful - a welcome guest in private collections. Its leaves are painted in one tone without patterns. They have a length of not more than 10 cm. By type of flowering plant resembles beautiful eskhinantus.
Twister is a very unusual variety. Shoots and leaves are spiral. Picturesque curved branches adorn the waves of leaves. Saturated green tones alternate with pale greenforming a vibrant waterfall.
Mona Lisa is different medium sized leaves. They are oval. Their surface is glossy. The plate is crossed by a deep groove. The flowers are painted in ruby.
Aeschinantus Lobba has lilac shoots dotted with ovoid leaves. Their lower side is lighter than the upper. The inflorescence brushes are rather dense, and the flowers themselves are of a deep carmine hue.
Eschinanthus Carolina has elliptical and slightly elongated leaves. Their size reaches 9 cm. From burgundy calyxes, flowers of an alizarin shade with a soft cream pharynx appear.
Watering and humidity
From spring to fall, eskhinantus needs water abundantly and regularly. But just do not flood. In winter, hydration is significantly reduced. If it is impossible to keep cool, you will have to water regularly during this period. Water should be warm.
A properly formed bush is unmatched in beauty. So, for example, eskhinantus Every 3-4 years, Takka exposes the lower shoots. In order for the flower to retain its decorative effect for longer, shoots are cut every spring, which are bare (at a height of 10–20 cm), and the young ones pinch.
Damaged parts of the plant must be removed without regret. Also, the leaves are regularly cleaned from dust.
It is important that the soil for planting is loose. It should pass moisture and air to the roots well. In equal parts fiber peat mixed with turfy ground and sand. Additionally, vermiculite and charcoal are added.
The bottom of a small pot is covered with a 2-centimeter layer of drainage, for a larger container - at least 5 cm.
This video talks about the intricacies of caring for Aeschinanthus at home.
How to transplant eschinanthus?
The soil mixture must be completely decontaminated. To do this, resort to calcination or treatment with any fungicide. If the plant is in good condition and the lump is braided with roots, you just need to transfer it to a slightly larger containerand empty the voids with fresh soil.
Good drainage is preliminarily done. It will protect the roots from rot. After eskhinantus watered and sprayed.
Pot should put in partial shade or in diffuse lighting. In about a week, the flower adapts, and it can be rearranged to a brighter place.
Epiphytes are prone to rapid proliferation. In small apartments this can be a real problem. If the plants are planted in pots and their the stems are free to fall down, then the support is not needed.
Bushy species are increasingly found on sale. With age, their shoots lose their elasticity, become brittle.
In order not to injure the flower, it is necessary to establish a reliable support. Arches made of wire, circular designsmade from vines, or bamboo trellises. Shoots need to be carefully tied up or wrapped around supports, asking them the right direction.
Cuttings of shoots
In spring or June, it is necessary to prepare apical stem cuttings. Their length is about 10 cm and must have 5-6 knots. Several such cuttings can be planted in one containerfilled with peat with sand. A pair of lower leaves should be removed.
Landing is sealed with a transparent film. For rooting, choose a warm place (+ 22–25 ° C). The first roots appear in 1-2 weeks.
Rooting without land
Cuttings should be placed in a mixture of vermiculite, peat and perlite (all components are taken in equal proportions). Them also placed in an improvised greenhouse. As soon as the roots appear, the cuttings are planted in small pots with nutrient soil.
You can also combine perlite with sphagnum moss. Aeschinanthus is very well rooted in such an environment.
Rooting a leaf with a kidney
If you could not get the cuttings, you can use a leaf with a kidney.It is cut with a sharp blade. Further, before rooting, it is necessary put in a fungicide solution and powder cut crushed coal. Leave the leaf for a couple of hours to dry.
Then it is placed in the wet sand of a large fraction. On top make a cap from a plastic bag or a transparent cup. In a month and a half, new sprouts will appear.
This is a rather complicated process. But fruits with seeds are formed at home. Aeschinanthus is self-polluting. When the flower withers, in its place appear long pods covered with white villi.
The fruit is usually placed in a bag before ripening. Otherwise, the seeds just fly apart. Seed germination is quite low, and sprouts often die.
Why do leaves fall away from eschinanthus?
There are two reasons. The first is excessive watering and cold, damp air. Also the flower reacts to the draft. The second is summer heat. The soil in the pot dries too quickly.
Eschinanthus is considered a moody plant. And it may not bloom every year. But when you see the bright lights of its flowers, you will understand that all efforts were not in vain.
Care for eschinanthus at home
In the world there are more than 190 species of eschinanthus. It grows in Asia, more often can be found in the southern and eastern parts. It grows on trees, being an epiphyte (it does not feed due to another plant). An adult plant reaches 90 cm. Mostly gardeners grow magnificent eskhinantus.
This is a perennial, evergreen, ampelous plant. In addition, flower growers breed eschinanthus marble, characterized by a special color of leaves that have different shades of green down to brown.
The eskhinantus “Lobba” has red flowers, and “Mona Lisa” is less whimsical compared to other species. “Twister” is distinguished by curly leaves and orange-red color of flowers.
In addition to these species, you can also find the eschinanthus "Carolina", "Rasta", "Beladonna", tricolor, rocky, "Firebird".
Growing all varieties of this plant requires compliance with a number of conditions. Next, consider which ones.
The air temperature in the room where the flower is planted should be between +23 - + 25 * C. This condition must be observed in the summer.
For winter, it is important to reduce to + 16 * - this will allow the plant to go into a dormant period and lay buds of future flowers. Drafts, cold gusts of air, frequent temperature changes will also negatively affect the plant.
Aeschinanthus loves enough light, but direct rays should be avoided. Because direct light significantly reduces the flowering period.
Florists recommend placing the flower on the western and eastern windows. If this is not possible, and you have to use the southern window sills, then you may need to provide a small shadow. On the north side there is a risk of a lack of light.
It is desirable to maintain soil moisture at a constant level, preventing the formation of a dry crust.
During the dormant period, the amount of watering is reduced, but again they do not wait for complete drying, because this can provoke the discharge of leaves.
Recommended for irrigation use low calcium waterwarm and relaxed. Let the water settle first.
When the first flowers begin to appear, you can regularly spray the plant.
The plant is fed in spring and autumn. Potash fertilizers are best suited; they should be applied along with watering. Growing experience shows a good review of the plant and fertilizer for any other flowers.
Remember that although the plant is perennial and at home blooms up to 4-5 years, but if the bush is grown in a pot, then it is worth replanting it in fresh soil every year. This is usually done in early spring, you should not choose a pot much larger than the previous one, it will be enough to increase the diameter by 1-2 cm.
The earth mixture is light, porous. This can be achieved by adding perlite, vermiculite, etc., while not forgetting about providing excellent drainage.
If you mix equal amounts of leaf and peat land, add half of the norm of land, moss and sand, you get the perfect mixture for eskhinantusa. In addition, you can choose in the flower shop a ready-made primer intended for orchids and acidity from 5 to 7 pH.
Given the humid climate of the plant’s homeland, it is necessary to ensure optimal indoor air humidity, where eshinantus grows, for this, the following measures are recommended:
- spraying with water
- installation of a device for humidification of air near the plant,
- move the pot to expanded clay, which is constantly moistened with water (can be replaced with pebbles or moss).
In order to achieve maximum decorative effect, the flower should be pruned regularly. It is better to do this in late spring, before the dormant period, after flowering has ended. But if pruning is required during the vegetative period, then it is quite possible to do this, nothing bad will happen.
Cuttings in water
For this method of propagation, stem cuttings up to 8 cm long are suitable, the lower leaves of which are removed in advance. Next, the stalk is placed in a container with warm water until the beginnings of the root system appear, after which it can be transferred to an earthen substrate. Rooting a plant for 3 weeks, speeding up the process will help create a small greenhouse and additional temperature control, which should not fall below + 26 * C.
This method is the same as the previous one, but without preliminary soaking in water.
Eschinanthus "Mona Lisa" and some others, reproduce well with the help of leaves. The method is similar to cuttings, but it is worth skipping the stage with placement in water.
The sheet is cut with a small portion of the stem, rooted, fixed with improvised materials (you can use dense foam), cover with glass and maintain a temperature of approximately 25 * C. After a month, the plant will begin its full growth.
The most common eschinanthus pests include thrips, spider mites, worms, whiteflies and aphids. The latter can be fought with the following folk recipe.
It is necessary to prepare an infusion of bitter pepper. To do this, you need about 500g of fresh or half as much dry pepper and a small amount of water.
The mixture is insisted 24 hours in a dark place. Spray the plant with a mixture of concentrate (10 g), water (1 l) and 5 g of soap, about once a week, until the pests are exterminated.
In addition to insects, the plant can be affected by gray rot and diseases caused by fungi. This is primarily due to impaired care.
A spider mite will help to remove spraying with soapy water, Fitoverm, Aktofit and Vermitek preparations. With a decrease in temperature, the Apollo preparation is recommended for use.
The most harmless way to get rid of thrips is to catch individuals using special traps. Of the chemical methods, it is worth highlighting arrivo, boverin, bankol and some other insecticides.
Why does eschinanthus dump buds, leaves? What to do?
You can answer this question if you know during what period of the plant's life this occurs. During dormancy, that is, in late autumn and winter, the plant may take off the crown due to lower air temperatures and a long period of set low values.
In the summer, when the plant blooms - most likely the eschinanthus drops buds due to lack of moisture in the soil. In addition, when spraying the plants during the flowering period, one must be extremely careful, because drops of water that fall on the buds are likely to provoke their premature fall.
Every year, more and more flower growers turn their attention to exotic species of plants. This is, of course, connected with their incomparable beauty.
And, despite the rather laborious process of leaving, interest in such flowers does not fade. That variety of eschinanthus species, already actively grown at home, allows you to enjoy the exotic of Asia at home.
We also recommend that you read other interesting articles about ampelous plants, for example about: Campanula, Bacopa, Dichondra, Hoya.