|Color:||fawn, apricot or brindle|
|Dimensions:||weight from 64 to 91 kg, height - 71-91 cm|
|Life span:||from 8 to 12 years old|
The first description of American mastiffs appeared at the beginning of the XXI century. This breed is young. Its creator is considered an American Frederick Wagner. The breeder crossed two varieties of individuals. One of them is an English mastiff, and the other is an Anatolian shepherd. The dog breeder motivated this by the presence of representatives of the first type of serious violations in the form of abnormal tissue development (dysplasia) and constant salivation. The result of crossing were individuals of the American mastiff.
Since this is a young breed, strict requirements are imposed on its registration. Each newborn puppy is enrolled in the Continental Dog Club, which operates in the United States. Only those individuals whose genus comes from the pets that lived with Frederick Wagner are classified as true American mastiffs. The American Council of Breeders operates in the United States and Canada. He is registering individuals. The council has only 10 breeders.
True American mastiff is fawn or apricot. Individuals with a tiger hue are possible. The coat is short but dense. The head of the pets is large. It has the shape of a triangle. The front part is slightly wrinkled. The forehead is flat. There is a groove on it.
The muzzle of the representatives of the breed is wide and relatively short. Lips are black and fit. The nose is smooth, and the transition from the muzzle to the forehead is smooth. Dogs had slightly drooping brylls overlapping the lower jaw, which is clearly visible in the photo of the American mastiff. In animals, the dentition is developed. The teeth in it are located in the bite in the form of scissors.
The nose is black, flat. The eyes are black, set wide apart. The ears hang down strongly and have a triangular shape. The neck of the animal is strong.
American Mastiff is a large dog. Her torso is powerful. The chest of the animal is wide and deep. Ribs are oval. The back is straight, muscular and wide. Representatives of the breed are distinguished by a strong lower back. The abdomen in dogs is moderately selected.
As can be seen from the photo, the American mastiff has a long tail. It tapers noticeably at the tip of the pet. The front legs are powerful, the hind legs are erect. Pets have volumetric hips. Paws are round in shape. They are collected in a kind of lump.
In true representatives of the genus, the weight varies in the range of 64-91 kg, and height - 71-91 cm. In individual males, the weight can reach 95 kg.
Representatives of the breed are distinguished by equanimity. They are loyal to members of the family in which they live. A trained dog is tolerant of strangers, but always demonstrates readiness for action if something threatens its owner.
Pets stand out for independence. They will only follow the orders of a reputable host.
Due to the large size of individuals, they are mainly used as guard dogs. These animals, with proper training, can become good guards and protectors of their owners.
Pets because of their highly developed territorial instinct can be hostile to other types of large dogs. They often strive to prove to animals the leading position. A pet can get along well with small dogs and cats if brought up with them since childhood.
With households, such animals are sometimes intrusive. Pets are careful, neat with children and loyal to them. Puppies are less predictable, because during the game they can bite a child.
American Mastiffs are large, strong, physically dry dogs. They have a deep, wide and round chest, a straight back, strong, straight and widely spaced limbs. The tail is long and thin.
The head is large, rectangular in shape with hanging rounded at the tips and high-set ears. The forehead is wide, the muzzle is elongated, but not pointed. The eyes are medium, oval, the iris is dark, the nose is pigmented in black.
The coat of representatives of this breed is short and smooth, fits snugly to the body.
English mastiffs - calm, balanced dogs, infinitely loyal to their family. They like to be in the spotlight, follow all the events and take maximum participation in the life of the owners.
These dogs are not aggressive, but because of an innate protective instinct, they treat strangers with distrust and suspicion and will not hesitate to defend the owner if they feel that he is in danger.
Representatives of this breed get along well with other pets, especially if they grew up together.
The appearance of new pets may not be quite friendly, mistaking them for a threat, but with proper upbringing, a cautious attitude will soon be replaced by friendship.
American mastiffs love children, but they should not be left alone with babies - because of the rather large size, the dog may not deliberately push and scare the child.
These dogs need early socialization and proper upbringing - without this, because of their size, they can be dangerous.
In the USA, representatives of this breed are often used in canister therapy..
Pros and cons
Among the merits of American mastiffs noted:
- excellent security and guard qualities,
- getting along with other animals and children,
- lack of aggression
- easy care.
Disadvantages of the breed:
- propensity to dominate
- the need for education and socialization.
In addition, American mastiffs are not a breed for everyone. It is better for beginners to pay attention to other dogs, as these are too wayward.
The coat of representatives of this breed can be beige, apricot or tiger. White marks on the chest, lower jaw and paws are acceptable. There is a dark mask on the face, and the tips of the ears can also be dark.
All puppies are born with dark hair and brighten as they grow older, acquiring a true color in about 1 year.
Is it suitable for keeping in an apartment? Outside?
Representatives of this breed are not too active at home, so they can well be kept in city apartments, of course, subject to daily walks with a sufficient level of physical activity.
It is necessary to equip the pet with an aviary that will protect it from wind, rain and sun. Ideally, it should be insulated or for the winter it will be necessary to take the dog into the house - short-haired mastiffs do not tolerate cold weather.
Wool and bathing
The coat of American mastiffs must be combed out with a brush with a short stiff bristle every 2-3 days, during molting - daily. This will maintain a healthy shine and natural look.
You need to bathe your pet as necessary, but not more than 1 time per quarter.
Small dirt can be easily removed by wiping the dog with a damp cloth. At the same time, if we are talking about home maintenance, paws and stomach should be washed after each walk.
It is also important to wipe the mastiff's face after eating - there may be food leftovers in the folds, if they are not removed, there is a risk of infection.
Wipe daily with a cotton pad dipped in warm tea leaves or chamomile broth, removing accumulated secretions.
Every day, the inner part of the ears should be wiped with a napkin, cleaned of accumulated sulfur with cotton swabs dipped in a special lotion.
If redness or an unpleasant odor is found, you should immediately contact your veterinarian - these are the first signs of infection.
To avoid the formation of plaque and stones, American mastiffs need to brush their teeth 2-3 times a week using a special brush and toothpaste.
Representatives of this breed are not too active: even daily walks are just unhurried walking.
Therefore, the claws of American mastiffs do not grind on their own, they must be shortened with a claw cutter twice a month.
Life expectancy and underlying diseases
Despite the fact that the goal of creating a new breed was to obtain dogs devoid of the shortcomings of English mastiffs, only increased salivation, but not a tendency to other diseases, was avoided.
In addition to the fact that American mastiffs, like all molosses, often have problems with the musculoskeletal system, in particular dysplasia of the hip joints, they are also diagnosed:
- diseases of the genitourinary system,
- inversion of the eyelids
- corneal dystrophy,
- cherry eye
- heart failure
- an allergy.
You must regularly visit a veterinarian for routine examinations. Vaccination should also be carried out according to the vaccination schedule in order to eliminate the risk of contracting an infectious disease.
With proper care and good genetics, the expected life expectancy of American mastiffs is 10-15 years.
American mastiffs can be fed with natural products or industrial feeds - the choice depends on the owner. The main thing is to ensure that the diet contains everything necessary for the health of the dog.
For natural feeding, the menu must include:
- dairy products,
- vegetables, herbs and fruits.
It is forbidden to feed a dog:
- fatty, salty, fried foods,
- flour products
With this type of nutrition, the pet must additionally be given vitamins and minerals.
It is necessary to ensure that the pet does not overeat - when moving, the last 2 ribs should be visible.
How to choose?
You cannot buy a puppy in Russia - the risk of buying not a purebred representative of the breed, but a mestizo is too great. When choosing a puppy abroad, it is extremely important to find out about his parents, as these must be descendants of the dogs of Frederica Wagner.
The future pet should have a strong skeleton, clean skin without rashes and irritations, shiny coat without bald patches and dandruff.
He should be curious, behave actively, be friendly and have a good appetite.
The American mastiff is a young and small breed that has gained quite a lot of popularity.
This, as well as the fact that in the USA no more than 10 nurseries are engaged in their breeding, the cost of American mastiffs is high and ranges from 60 to 100 thousand rubles..
Conclusion and Conclusions
In the USA, American mastiffs have long been considered an independent breed, however, FCI and other cynological associations are in no hurry to recognize these dogs, considering them to be only Mestizos of the English mastiff.
But probably this is just a matter of time.
Today, everyone who has already managed to evaluate representatives of this breed celebrate their qualities as a companion, watchman and defender, as well as the absence of aggression and a balanced nature.
The real "mother" of the American mastiff is considered an American dog breeder Frederick Wagner from Ohio. Faced with the problem of excessive salivation and weak musculoskeletal system in the English mastiff, she decided to mate between the English mastiff and the Anatolian shepherd. As a result, puppies of the American mastiff appeared. Due to the fact that this is a fairly young breed, all newborn puppies are recorded in the Continental Dog Club in the United States.
Only puppies that are descendants of Wagner dogs are considered real American mastiffs, only puppies of ten American breeders are considered such. Therefore, to get such a puppy outside the United States is very difficult.
American mastiffs have a tan color, fawn, apricot and tiger shades are acceptable. The dog has an impressive height - females 72-87 cm, males 80-86 cm, and the weight of females 65 - 85 kg, and in males 70 -95 kg. The American Mastiff is a large dog with a dry constitution. These dogs have a large triangular head with a wide flat forehead, the muzzle is slightly elongated. The eyes are medium, oval, dark in color, always with a calm look.
Ears of medium size are high set V-shaped, slightly rounded at the ends. The dog has a powerful, however, not very large neck, a little curved, the chest is well developed deep and wide with a straight back and good muscles. The forelimbs are very powerful and strong. The American mastiff has a short smooth coat, a long thin tail.
American mastiff is different affectionate disposition and equanimity. Dogs of this breed are very tolerant and accurate in relation to children, playing with children, he is very careful even with the smallest. However, without special training, this dog can be very unpredictable and dangerous, so not everyone can become the owner of such a dog. A trained mastiff treats strangers very well, but at the same time, the dog is always on the alert and ready for any action if its owner is in danger.
If the dog is not raised, then to strangers she will show open hostility. It is these character traits and a strong territorial instinct that make the mastiff an excellent guard dog. The negative character trait of these dogs will be undisguised hostility towards other dogs. He will constantly strive to prove his dominant position among large dogs. However, if he is accompanied by small-breed dogs, he will be happy to share the territory with them, and he also miraculously lives on the same territory with cats, only if he grows with them since childhood.
The most important thing in the nutrition of the American mastiff is make sure that he does not overeat. At an early age - up to six months - it is recommended that first five meals a day, later three meals a day. For puppies, food with a high iodine content and an average content of phosphorus, calcium, protein and fat will be optimal. The mastiff should not get fat, with proper nutrition during movement, the last two ribs are clearly visible in the dog.
With proper care, American mastiffs live around 11-15 years oldbut this dog also has many weak points. The most common disease in these dogs is hip dysplasia. Such a disease can be either congenital or acquired, and if you do not start treatment on time, it can lead to disability in the dog.
Joints are not the only weak point of the dog, as in American mastiffs, bloating, kidney stones, cataracts, inversion and eversion of the eyelid, cherry eye, corneal dystrophy, arthritis, obesity, cardiomyopathy, gonarthrosis, and bitches have vaginal hyperplasia. In puppies up to a year old, immunity is weak, so they can become infected with hepatitis, enteritis.
American Mastiff is unpretentious in leaving. In order for his coat to maintain a natural look and healthy shine, you just need to comb it several times a week with a brush with hard bristles. It is often not necessary to bathe a dog either, only as pollution develops.The dog needs to cut its nails at least once every two weeks, and the main thing is to carefully examine the ears for redness or an unpleasant odor, as this is the first sign of infection. Wipe your ears with a damp flannel cloth in case of contamination.
The dog should not be given too much physical exertion, as this can lead to diseases of the musculoskeletal system. The American mastiff will not be able to live in an apartment, only a large house with a fenced territory, and no chains - the American mastiff will not sit in a booth.
How to choose a puppy
Before purchasing an animal, it is necessary to request from the seller all documents confirming its belonging to the breed. The main one is a document issued by the American Council of Breeders. It is necessary to ask for help both for the puppy and his parents.
Before purchasing, you should carefully study the photo of the American mastiff. The animal must comply with all external breed standards. Special attention is paid to the habits of the chosen puppy. The individual should not be timid and timid. Pets are distinguished by a tendency to dominate. If the puppy is intimidated and fearful, then he is not a representative of the breed. The following criteria are recommended by which a real American mastiff is chosen: a photo, international documents for a dog, monitoring his behavior.
Features of care and maintenance
A dog, given its size, cannot live in small apartments. She needs space and fresh air. Ideal living conditions for animals are private houses with constant access to the street. American mastiffs need their own aviaries.
Dogs of this breed often shed heavily. It is necessary to regularly comb their hair with a rubber brush. You can use special gloves for this. It is important to wipe the wrinkles on the face of the dog every day.
Once a week, the ears of the animal should be cleaned. To do this, you need to drip a lotion into them and remove the sulfur in a couple of minutes. The dog should also brush its teeth at least once every 7 days.
The eyes of animals need regular rubbing with special compounds. Claws should be cut periodically with claws.
Pets do not need frequent bathing. It is recommended to do this very rarely. When bathing, only special dog shampoos should be used.
The animal needs daily walks. It is recommended to walk the mastiff in the fresh air as much as possible. This will avoid the appearance of nervousness and frequent barking in the animal.
Ideal for pets - premium feed. It is also important to give them chondroprotectors. Nutrition in animals should be three times a day. Dogs must not overeat.
Puppies should be given feed enriched with iodine. Proteins with phosphorus, fats and calcium should be moderately present in them. Individuals after 6 months of life can be given zucchini and pumpkin. It is sometimes useful to feed the animal with offal, sea fish and cottage cheese. It is forbidden to give sweets, salted and smoked food.
Individuals live 8-12 years. With good care, some of them can live up to 15 years. Pets may develop a number of pathologies.
The following diseases are common in this type of pet:
- improper development of the hip joints, cardiomyopathy, kidney stone disease, cataract, abnormalities in the development of the skeleton, inversion of the eyelid, arthritis, degenerative processes in the cornea of the eye, gonarthrosis.
From four weeks you must begin to vaccinate the puppy. He is vaccinated against plague, parainfluenza, parvovirus infection, as well as rabies, hepatitis and leptospirosis. Only healthy animals are vaccinated.
The first estrus in a female mastiff occurs already from six months to a year from the moment of her birth. But it is not recommended to knit it for the first two years. Suitable for mating is the period when animals are actively sexually hunting. Knit pets should be when they are full and walked long enough before that.
The minimum price is $ 600, which is equivalent to 40,000 rubles. The average cost of puppies is 1,000 dollars or 67,000 rubles. Possible price of 1,600 dollars (107,000 rubles) for one puppy.
These animals are rare in Russia. You can view photos of the American mastiff on the website www.englishmastiff.ru of the Shulvi Rosan cattery, located in Moscow. The breeder Shulvi Rosan specializes in breeding several breeds of dogs: the American mastiff, sharpei, Bernese and large Swiss mountain dogs. In St. Petersburg you can buy a puppy in the kennel "Petro-Prestige". His site is petro-prestige.ru.
The American mastiff is a young and rare breed. It is not common in Russia. At the same time, representatives of a new kind are well suited for protecting the home and protecting their owners. Pets are independent and require long-term training.
Brief characteristics of the dog
- Other possible names: American Bandog, American Mastiff Bandoggy, American Bandogge Mastiff, Swinfond Bandog, American Mastiff, Bandoggy.
- Adult Growth: for females and males, the norm is 51-76 cm.
- Weight: bitches 39-48 kg, males 45-57 kg.
- Characteristic color: black, red, brown, gray, spotted, white spots on the legs and chest are acceptable.
- Wool Length: short, smooth.
- Life span: 10-15 years old.
- Advantages of the breed: smart, strong, fearless, hardy.
- The complexity of the breed: aggressive, unbalanced, require professional training, not suitable for families with children and people without experience.
- Averageprice: American bandog costs $ 300 and up.
Purpose of the breed
Bandogi themselves at one time were used not only to protect the house from thieves, but also to protect the herd from foxes, badgers and wolves. American bandogas are bigger Intend for fighting competitions. And they also serve as security guards and bodyguards. These dogs are often found in United States security forces.
Description of the nature of the breed
First of all, it is worth mentioning once again that the American bandogi is breed of fighting dogs. Aggression is very developed in them, they can often be unbalanced. These dogs, like no one, require socialization, and it should begin even in the kennel. They also need solid and regular training, including special courses and programs led by dog handlers who have extensive experience in training fighting dogs and are familiar with their psychology.
For this reason, bandogas categorically not recommended for institutions by people who do not have the appropriate skills, and even more so by beginners in dog science. Also, it is extremely not worth acquiring such a dog for families with children.
Bandogs characterized by fearlessness and perseverance. These are strong and powerful dog leaders. In no case should you give them the slightest slack, since it is unlikely to succeed in gaining authority again and obtaining complete obedience from the dog. These dogs have a good sense of smell and flair. They easily determine the intentions of outsiders, and in case of danger, they often attack without warning.
Bandog must be provided with physical activity and long walks. But you need to do this only on a short leash in the muzzle, which, by the way, some of them very quickly adapt to shoot. It is necessary to lower the dog from the leash only on special enclosed areas, or away from residential areas where there are no people.
Some American gangsters get along well with other domestic animals, but on condition that they grow up together. In general, the bandogs are smart, loyal, energetic and, oddly enough, playful. And some owners even find them affectionate. But these qualities can be seen in such dogs only with proper and demanding education.
Care and maintenance
American bandogs are very simple to care for. Their very short hair does not fade and does not require combing. You can buy a massage glove, which should periodically pass through the body of the pet. Instead of bathing a bandog, you can wipe it with a damp towel. This procedure will clean the coat of dust and dirt, and also restore the dog shine. It is also necessary to periodically use preparations from fleas, ticks and other skin parasites.
The cropped ears of a bandog are also very easy to keep clean. It is enough to clean them once a week with cotton pads. And also, if necessary, wipe the dog's eyes.
It is necessary to walk the bandog strictly in a well-fixed muzzle and on a short leash. Never walk with such a dog near playgrounds and institutions. Also avoid crowding. For active walking of such dogs there are special fenced platforms, which are also equipped with exercise machines, which will help the dog to maintain physical fitness, as well as get exhausted, after which he does not have the strength to aggression.
If you still decide to have a bandog in the apartment, then immediately give him a place, and also teach him to go to the toilet on the street.
Possible health problems
The most vulnerable spot of an American gangster is the eyes. Of the most common problems, progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts are common. Due to heavy loads at an early age or growth stimulants, a serious illness such as hip or elbow dysplasia can develop. Also, the breed has a predisposition to epilepsy and oncology.
To prevent viral infectious diseases, it is necessary to vaccinate in a timely manner, as well as vaccinate against ticks. Regular digestion of the pet with anthelmintic drugs will help prevent digestion and weakened immunity.
Puppy and adult dog food
The nutrition of such a developed and strong dog should consist of a large number of proteins. First of all, this is non-greasy fresh meat, including cartilage and veins. These foods should occupy almost half of the bandog's diet. The rest is cereals with added vegetables. A useful and tasty treat for a dog will be sugar bone. Also suitable for feeding is dry food, which must be of high quality.
You need to feed the American bandog twice a day at the same time. Puppies are fed more often, and their diet is somewhat different from the nutrition of an adult dog. Bowls should be located at chest level, which will not give a load on the spine and will not bend it.
After the dog has eaten, the bowl with the rest of the food must be cleaned until the next time. A bowl of water should always be filled and be freely available.
Training in brief
American bandog requires constant monitoring and training. Without professional training, you risk raising an uncontrollable and life-threatening beast. Only a specialist who is well versed in the psychology and subtleties of the behavior of such dogs should train a dog of this plan.
Bandogs need to be kept under control all the time, and not just in adolescence. The slightest slack on your part can have disastrous consequences in the future. And these dogs are extremely inappropriate display of force and cruelty. It is highly recommended that you take special training courses with a bandog.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
Bandogs incredibly powerful and energetic. But sometimes they lack stamina. They make brave defenders who are able to quickly and accurately recognize the intentions of an outsider. If they feel threatened, they will not warn with a growl and bark, but will immediately begin to act.
At the sight of such a dog, it is unlikely that anyone will have a desire to illegally enter the territory. But to the American bandogs increased attention and professional training is required. First of all, this is a fighting breed, which is also prone to aggression.
This is not a home and family companion, but serious and working dog. It is extremely undesirable to start it for families with children, as well as for mentally and physically weak people.
I advise you to think ten times before starting a bandog. We went through all sorts of courses, but the dog never became completely obedient. Often shows attempts to hook passers-by. Apparently, they feel fear and hatred from their kind from them.
Sometimes it breaks toward a running child, seemingly with playful intentions. But I never let him go. Out of need, we go out only in the muzzle and on the “stricter”. If we are going to walk for a long time, then we leave the city, and only there I take off my muzzle.
Before the bandog, I had a boxer, a rottweiler and even a mastiff, so there is nothing to compare. If you live in an apartment, like me, then believe my experience and give up the idea of having such a dog.
I live in my own house and often am absent. With such a guard, it’s not scary to leave the house unattended. The neighbors said that the thieves had the courage to just climb the fence. The dog is good, but very serious. I recommend not to be fooled, but to study the breed well and weigh everything.