The Australian Shepherd has amazing beauty. Her expressive look will drive crazy even an avid cat lover.
- Breed Name: Australian Shepherd (Aussie)
- Country of origin: USA
- Weight: males 25-30 kg, females 18-25 kg
- Height (height at the withers): males 51-58 cm, females 46-53 cm
- Life span: 13 - 15 years old
- Despite the "speaking" name of the breed, the United States is considered the birthplace of Australians.
- Dogs are easily trained and for this reason are often used for service or as guide dogs.
- Aussies are known for their friendliness, which allows them to easily get along with other animals.
- The good-natured appearance of shepherds does not detract from their ability to give a worthy rebuff to the offender.
- Representatives of this breed daily need 60-minute exercise.
- Australian Shepherds are not the best option for keeping in an apartment, but frequent walks more than compensate for this.
- These animals are hyperresponsible and can look after a child, cat or hamster for several hours.
- An inexperienced owner will not be able to suppress the dominant nature of the pet.
- Aussies need careful care (especially for wool).
The Australian Shepherd is a harmonious combination of a pretty appearance and flexible intelligence. These dogs are known throughout the world as reliable and loyal companions who will cheer up with their funny antics. For Aussies, finding entertainment is not better than taking an active walk with the owner in the city park. Animals sincerely enjoy the company of their family and do not like to be alone for a long time. This charming shaggy by example will show you what it means inexhaustible optimism and the ability to have fun for days on end!
Australian Shepherd Breed History
Despite the fact that more than half a century has been devoted to the study of the Australian Shepherd, experts still have not reached a consensus on the issue of its origin. It is believed that the breed was bred in the United States, but the history of the appearance of the Aussi is still rooted in Australia and is associated with the name of Eliza Forlong, the ancestor of the breeding of merino and the production of high-quality wool on the southern continent.
In the thirties of the XIX century, she and her family settled not far from Campbell Town, a small city in the east of Tasmania (Australia), where she emigrated from Scotland with her husband and two sons. Here the family founded the Winton farm, on which they began to raise sheep bought in Germany and brought with them. Joseph Pabts, who followed the Forlongs along with his shepherd dogs - tigers, now called old German shepherds, was hired by the flocks. This is a confirmed version of how the progenitors of the Aussi got into the “Country Upside Down”.
According to another theory, the ancestor of the shepherd is the Australian coolie, which is most similar to modern Aussie. Farmers and breeders attempted to breed an ideal four-legged shepherd, for which they crossed an Australian kelpie and a cattle dog. In addition, tigers and border collies took part in the creation of the breed. As a result of a selection that exceeded all expectations, an ideal version of a shepherd dog was obtained. The animal possessed strength and endurance, was able during its work to independently assess the situation and make a decision, without waiting for the instructions of the owner. One of the important positive qualities of the Aussi was the lack of aggression towards livestock.
At the end of the 19th century, the intensive development of the American wool market began. The main emphasis was placed on Australian sheep, which were brought by ships from Australia. Together with them, a shepherd breed of dogs was also brought in, which struck local cattle breeders with its abilities. These gifted animals quickly gained popularity in the western states, where sheep breeding was most developed.
It is America that is the birthplace of the Australian Shepherd. The first officially registered breeder is Juanita Eli, who exported merinos from Australia. Together with one batch of sheep, a shepherd arrived with a bluish-colored dog. This was the first Australian shepherd dog acquired by Juanita Eli, who made a huge contribution to the further development of the breed.
Australian Shepherds owe their popularity to Jay Sisler, a rancher in Idaho. The man was an avid participant in the rodeo competitions. Usually, shows were held between them. Jay Sisler entertained the audience with performances in which his Australian Shepherd Dogs - Quinnie, Stubby and Shorty - participated, causing admiration of the audience not only in the United States, but also in Canada. Walt Disney Company invited furry artists to participate in the filming of two films. All this greatly contributed to the popularization of the Aussi breed, as many wanted to get such a smart and pretty four-legged friend.
The history of the development of the breed is associated with three generations of American farmers - Hartneglami. While breeding sheep, they were also looking for a suitable helper among herding dogs. Their choice fell on the Australian Shepherd, which amazed with its working qualities. By the way, two puppies - Badger and Goody, acquired from Juanita Eli - were "nephews" of Quinnie, the famous dog Jay Sisler. Goody gave rise to such famous lines as Wood and Flintridge. The Hartnagles, along with Juanita Ely and Jay Sisler, are standing next to the list of famous Australian Shepherd breeders.
Australian Shepherds finally acquired their present appearance relatively recently - in the first half of the 20th century. In 1957, a shepherd named Panda appeared on the list of the National Register of Cattle Dogs with official rights. This was the first significant recognition of the Aussi as an independent breed. In 1962, the registration of the American Club of Australian Shepherds took place, although in fact it existed five years earlier. In 1970, the first nurseries, Maywood and Las Rocosa, were organized, and soon their number reached twenty-six. The breed standard was first registered only in 1977. According to the official version, which was repeatedly questioned by experts, the Australian Shepherd was bred as a result of crossing the Pyrenean Shepherd, Bernese Mountain Dog and Collie.
Australian Shepherd Origin History
To everyone’s surprise, the Australian Shepherd is not from Australia, but from the United States of America. The breed was formed in the West of the USA in the XIX-XX century.
The progenitors of dogs are:
- Pyrenean shepherd dog - a breed of cattle animals native to the North of Spain and the South of France. Distinguishing features: long hair and medium torso,
- Appenzeller mountain dog - Shepherd dogs, which were bred in the north-eastern part of Switzerland. The purpose of animals is shepherding. Distinctive features: short and spotty (black-white-red) hair, drooping ears (to the cheeks), flat eyes, straight tail, medium size,
- Collie - Scottish cattle dogs. The exact species that became the progenitors of the Aussi are unknown. But from this breed the Australian Shepherd took thick coat, furry paws and wide eyes.
An animal was bred for one purpose - to help shepherds with sheep, cows and other livestock. The resulting dogs exceeded all the expectations of their creators. Aussies tolerate any climate change well, are active, easily amenable to upbringing and impeccably fulfill the hosts' commands.
A large role in the popularization of animals was played by the cowboy Jay Sisler. It was he who was one of the first to acquire the Australian Shepherd without a pedigree, thanks to her he became interested in breeding this breed and made it universally known. Aussi representatives gained worldwide popularity through television (broadcasts of rodeo, horse shows).
Why then are dogs called "Australian"? It's simple - some of their ancestors were imported to the United States from Australia. Scientists attribute this migration to World War II and the gold rush. The second name of animals (Aussi) is explained even more simply. That is what all Australian Americans call.
Australian Shepherd - breed description
Aussies are shepherd dogs, which are distinguished by a powerful body and thick coat. Standard cable heights are fixed between 50-58 cm (female - 45-53 cm). However, growth is not of global importance. Much more important is the training that was conducted in childhood.
The distinctive characteristics of the breed include the following features:
- Straight back. The body of the animals is strong and impressive (despite the average size), the chest is deep, and the ribs are elongated,
- Aussie's head is proportional to the body. The length and width of the cranial part are almost the same,
- Almond-shaped eyes. The usual color for Aussie eyes is brown, amber or blue,
- Semi-fluffy paws. The pads are thick and very elastic. The fingers are tight enough, but well bent,
- Bent ears are triangular in shape. They are set high, the tips are down,
- Straight fluffy tail. Its length depends on the nature of the dog.
A powerful dog with long, fluffy hair was liked by dog breeders not only for its original appearance. The main advantage of each representative of this breed is a sharp mind. Aussies are able to drive an entire herd into the enclosure in a matter of minutes without crippling any animal. The only painful technique that the shepherd could use during the performance of his “work” is a slight nibbling of cattle. Such measures are necessary to accelerate the herd.
Interesting fact: For Australian Shepherds the same disqualifying defect is characteristic - the clarified part of the coat, which is called the “white cloak” by dog handlers. This type of spot can be located on any part of the dog’s body. It is it that does not allow Aussies to take part in exhibitions.
The breed of Australian Shepherds is regulated by FCI Standard No. 342, established on June 5, 2009. Aussies belong to the group “Shepherds and Livestock Dogs” and the section “Sheepdogs. Without working trials. ”
Popular colors of the Australian Shepherd
Australian Shepherds are a true mix of shepherd dogs. The Aussies collected all the best qualities from their ancestors. This concerns not only psychology and physical skills, but also external characteristics. From the collie - thick legs and wide eyes, from the Pyrenean shepherd - a straight tail and medium-long hair, from the appenzeller of the Sennenhund - half-bent ears and a powerful body. Aussies could not decide only on color. And so they simply selected each of their ancestors in a piece of color!
The coat color of Australian Shepherds is diverse. On one person, several contrasting shades can be collected at once, which harmoniously look in combination with each other.
There are several of the most common colors, which include:
- Brown tricolor. The most common Australian Shepherd coloring. The color of this species consists of several shades: brown (dark beige), white, black. In this case, brown is dominant. He occupies most of the body,
- Black tricolor. No less common color, differing from the previous one only in color "leader". In this case, the back of the dog is covered in a black tone, which is dominant,
- Blue / Red Marble. Both colors imply increased spotting of the coat. In this case, the coloring can consist of both two and 5 shades. Most often there are combinations of white and brown tones. In this case, there may be slightly pink spots that are randomly scattered around the body.
All colors are equivalent to each other, the most preferred option does not exist. The nose of all members of the breed is painted in dark brown or black. Often there is the presence of a white cloak (white on the neck and chest). Above the eyes, as a rule, there are small but clear tan marks of a red / white / black color.
The color of the paws is not symmetrical. The front legs always differ from the rear by several tones or are completely contrasted with them. The tail of animals is colored in the same shades as the back.
The nature and habits of the Australian Shepherd
Aussies are peace-loving dogs that do their basic job well. Shepherd dogs are very kind, joyful and affectionate. They never causelessly disturb their owners by barking and use their voiced voice only if necessary. With representatives of this breed kids get along very well. This is due to the playfulness of the Aussies, their tendency to actively spend time and have a friendly disposition towards people.
Interesting fact: Australian Shepherds are very malleable in terms of training. If their first representatives easily coped with cattle, then their descendants today can safely search for drugs at border points, subject to training.
Dogs breed Australian Shepherd very active. Their energy splashes over the edge. That is why the owners of Australian dogs should be prepared for constant games, training, training. For this breed, a general training course will not be enough. To make the animals as useful as possible, it is recommended to undergo highly specialized training with them or attend dog sports where shepherds can splash their energy.
Australian dogs are designed for regular and active work. And with the right approach to training and the constant maintenance of its results, animals can bring real benefits to their owners. And this concerns far not only shepherds. Aussies are great guards. They provide reliable security for residential facilities and families living in them. Dogs are not adapted to leash. At the same time, you should not be afraid for a possible escape. Aussies are very attached to their masters and devoted to them for the rest of their lives.
Besides good defenders, Australian Shepherd dogs are also great friends. It is interesting to walk with them in the park or ride a bike. The main condition for a good relationship with Aussies is regular physical activity and active pastime. Otherwise, home furnishings and decor may suffer due to a surge in animal energy.
Interesting facts about the Australian Shepherd
If you are still not sufficiently surprised by the confusing history of the origin of the Australian Shepherd, then here are some more no less interesting facts that fully describe this unusual breed of dog:
Unique eye color. In addition to brown and amber shades, Aussi eyes can be light blue. In nature, such tones in animals (in adulthood) are extremely rare. In this case, the "friends" of the Australian Shepherd can be called Siberian Husky and Welsh Corgi.
Shepherd and friend all rolled into one. As a shepherd, Australian Shepherds are used primarily in the United States. Large pasture farmers are actively choosing these smart, loyal and reliable animals as assistants. But in the rest of Europe, Aussies start up as companions. Such dogs are ideal for home keeping, unpretentious in care and actively get along with people.
Hyperactivity. If you like silence, a serene pastime and complete peace of mind - throw out the thought of buying an Australian shepherd from your head. Such dogs do not tolerate a passive lifestyle. They are very active in order to just sit all day in front of a fireplace or TV.
Second name.The Australian Shepherd is just one of the varieties of the name Aussie. In Europe, this dog is called differently: Texas, California, blue healer. The official name is still considered the name "Australian".
The special love of the Indians. The preference for Australian dogs is given not so much by Americans and Europeans as by Indians! They are attracted to the Aussie by an unusual light blue eye color. These dogs are the heroes of many works of the Native American epic.
The owner finds in Aussi his unusual traits. Each dog of this breed is unique in some way. Some members of the group are overly active and serious, while others are extremely gentle and peaceful. The character depends primarily on the parents of the dogs and upbringing.
Pros and Cons of Australian Shepherd Dogs
Like every animal, Aussies have a number of positive and negative characteristics.
The main advantages of shepherd dogs of this breed are:
- Responsibility. The dog always fulfills the instructions and instructions presented in full, whatever it would cost them. This is especially evident when performing shepherd’s tasks - for the time being the whole herd will not be driven, the animal will not leave the territory,
- Company. If dogs are four-legged friends of people, then Aussies are their best representatives. These dogs are very family and companionable. In addition, they do an excellent job with babysitting,
- Easy to learn. Teaching Australian Shepherd Dogs new teams is easy, especially in childhood,
- Endurance. Aussies are very strong and hardy. They cope with any tasks and easily tolerate weather changes,
- Intellectuality. All representatives of this breed are smart. This applies to those animals that did not undergo training in childhood,
- Devotion. Aussies are infinitely loyal to their masters and thank them for any relationship. Such animals can be trusted.
Among the global shortcomings of the Australian Shepherd dogs, only a striking manifestation of the shepherd instinct at home stands out. If you have other pets, they will have a hard time. The negative features of Aussi are the difficult tolerance of elevated temperatures, as well as the very high cost of purebred puppies.
Australian Shepherd Breeding
Active breeding of Australian dogs is conducted not only in the United States and Europe, but also in the CIS countries. This also applies to Russia. Aussies are bred in specialized dog kennels. Each such institution represents purebred puppies prepared for life with new owners.
Signs of animals raised in good dog kennels are:
- Excellent physical and psychological health. Puppies are regularly vaccinated, treated, trained. This eliminates the possible deviation of health from the norm, as well as the occurrence of infectious diseases. However, some diseases are transmitted to young Aussies from their parents (for birth defects). The presence of those is mandatory regulated in the document of the animal,
- Official documents. The officiality of the performance of breeding activities is confirmed by the availability of relevant documentation, which reflects the full history of the origin of animals. The guarantee of the reliability of the data are stamps. The results of trials, tests, competitions,
- Variety of animals. In kennels, not only domestic Australian shepherds are raised. Dog handlers separately bring up several groups of pets: sports, family, exhibition, service. Choosing a puppy follows precisely the character traits that have already been raised by a specialist in him.
Australian Shepherds appear to be completely healthy kennels. They already have thick coat, vaccinated, healthy appetite, friendliness and activity. If any of these criteria is not reflected in the dog, then it is most likely not fully prepared for sale or is currently ill.
Australian Shepherd Care
In order for the Australian Shepherd dogs to bring maximum benefit and minimum trouble, it is necessary to provide them with proper care. Despite the unpretentiousness of these animals, they still have to be looked after. It concerns both their appearance and physical health.
The main condition for the well-being of Aussies is regular walks at a fresh age. Representatives of this breed should be walked as often as possible. Dogs need somewhere to splash out the energy that accumulates in them during passive activity.
Recommended activity options are:
- Training At the end of general education, it is recommended to give the animal to highly specialized courses. Dogs need to be constantly fueled by new knowledge and attitudes. And the execution of commands will allow them to feel needed,
- Walks. But not with a leash. Aussies love the will, but do not run away from their master. Therefore, you can safely let him go in the park or in the courtyard of the house. The main thing is not to forget to use toys. Flying saucers, balls, rubber dice - throw anything to the shepherd, and she will deliver it to you in an instant.
As for the appearance of animals, its maintenance consists mainly in regular combing. The Aussie coat is quite thick and long. Combing it is necessary every day. During molting, this frequency may increase by 2 and 3 times.
Important fact: If you do not comb out the animals, then the wool will be knocked into large lumps, absorbing dirt and debris. Firstly, it is not hygienic, and secondly, it is inconvenient for the animal itself. Dogs should be bathed as necessary. The main thing is to ensure that water does not get into the eyes and ears of the shepherd.
Aussie eyes need to be cleaned as dried lumps appear. Dirt is removed with a damp, lint-free cloth. The ears of animals are cleaned in the same way. Claws should be trimmed with special scissors (also as needed).
Keep Australian Shepherds at moderate temperatures. If the animal spends a lot of time outdoors, it is important to monitor the rays of the sun. Aussies do not tolerate direct sunlight and heat. In summer, all active activities should be transferred to the evening, when the sun is already beginning to set. But in the cold season there are no restrictions on the pastime of animals on the street. Shepherd dogs tolerate low temperatures perfectly.
Australian Shepherd Diet
Feeding Australian Shepherds is not much different from the diet of ordinary dogs. These animals also need food rich in nutrients. They should be fed several times a day (servings depend on the configuration of the representative of the breed and its activity). Food can be either of living origin, or vegetable or artificial. But there are still several differences in the diet of the Aussie from other breeds.
Important tips for feeding animals include:
- Moderate feeding in childhood. Aussie puppies should never be overfed. Excessive food intake can lead to obesity, which will provoke the abnormal formation of muscle and skeletal corset,
- Organic products. If you feed Aussie with ordinary food, then the diet must include marine fish (which is a source of phosphorus), lean meat (rich in nutrients), cottage cheese (a source of minerals). Add vegetables and fruits to the lure. At the same time, each representative of the breed has its own individual preferences regarding plant foods. You can determine them yourself or by contacting this question with a nursery representative or veterinarian,
- True proportional ratio. Aussi diet should consist of 70% meat or meat offal, and only 30% of plant foods. This ratio will allow dogs to develop correctly,
- High-quality dry food. Choosing artificial feeding for Aussies should be based on the age and size of the dog. In this case, preference should be given to feed of the highest and premium classes.
Regardless of food, fresh and clean water should always be in the animal's bowl. In winter, dogs of this breed need more fat of vegetable and animal origin.
Important fact: Aussis are strictly forbidden foods such as: beans, sweet, flour, pork, chocolate, smoked meats, fried foods, milk, cream, semolina, broths, spices of any origin (including sugar and salt), potatoes, raw fish, mushrooms, raw eggs, grapes, tubular and fish bones.
If possible, the diet should be drawn up with a veterinarian observing the condition of the dog. Only a specialist can identify the substances that are missing for the animal organism.
Diseases and Health Problems
Australian Shepherd dogs have good physical health. All diseases can be triggered by improper care / nutrition or a genetic predisposition.
Dogs of this breed are prone to the following diseases:
- Incorrect bite. It is transmitted only by heredity. The bite can not worsen due to an improper diet. Its exclusion is possible only by preventing the breeding of dogs that differ in this disease,
- Cataract. Also a genetic disease. It is quite rare, but involves treatment,
- Joint dysplasia. A very common disease that does not allow dogs to live a full life. It is installed only during the X-ray,
- Epilepsy. This disease can occur in shepherd dogs aged from 8 months to 6 years,
- Autoimmune diseases. The most serious and dangerous diseases, most often inherited. With a normal content, the immunity of dogs is strong enough and withstands external tests.
Representatives of this breed are also characterized by deafness, renal and cardiac malaise, and retinal atrophy. The main signs of the disease are severe passivity and lethargy, loss of appetite, limp, lack of interest in the once beloved entertainment, etc.
Any manifestation of malaise should entail a mandatory visit to the veterinarian. It is not worth ignoring the symptoms of ailments. Otherwise, the disease can become progressive, which can shorten the life of the pet or deprive it of full activity. To undergo a veterinary examination, vaccinations should be taken regularly.
Australian shepherd - price and how to buy
Aussies are not the cheapest pets. The cost of a purebred puppy starts from 25 thousand rubles. You should buy an animal only in professional nurseries or through people involved in specialized breeding of animals of this breed. An experienced dog handler or veterinarian is recommended for purchase.
Before purchasing an Australian Shepherd, you should pay attention to the following facts:
- Documents. Purebred Aussies are mandatory documented. The animal’s passport must contain complete information about its breed, vaccinations, characteristics of its nature and health, and parental data. The officiality of the document is certified using the appropriate stamp,
- Health. A healthy Australian Shepherd puppy must be active, playful and friendly. The coat of the dog should be thick and long without shreds or bald patches. Signs of the presence of diseases are improper stool, excessive passivity, poor appetite,
- External data. This representative of the Aussi must meet the basic characteristics of his breed (indicated above). His nostrils should be wide. Discharge in the nose and eyes is unacceptable. The movements should be smooth, without limp. Color - match the color declared in the documents.
Preference should be given to specialized nurseries. In such institutions, it is impossible to buy an animal whose progenitors are representatives of various breeds. Trust offers from message boards from private individuals should be wary. After acquiring an animal, it is mandatory to undergo a physical examination in a veterinary clinic and affix the missing vaccinations.
Australian shepherd - A wonderful representative of four-legged friends who will not only brighten up the boring everyday life of their owners, but will also be able to bring practical benefits. The activity of animals and their behavior are directly dependent on training and education. The more time the Aussi owner will devote to his pet, the more warmth and fidelity he will respond to him. It is possible to keep animals of this breed both in an apartment and in a private house. The main condition is to allow the dog to lead an active lifestyle. Only in this case, its existence can be considered full.
Australian Shepherd breed characterization
|For an apartment:||Not recommended|
|Fits:||for experienced owners|
|FCI (IFF):||Group 1, Section 1|
|Lives:||10 - 13 years old|
|Height:||Males: 51-58 cm Bitches: 46-53 cm|
Australian shepherd - shepherd dogs, without working trials. Great watchman, guard and companion. She is strong and hardy, can work together with a person from morning to evening. The Australian Shepherd is bred specifically to graze cattle. Thanks to the original color and pattern, each individual can be considered unique. Oddly enough, but contrary to the name, the Australian Shepherd was bred in the USA in the 20th century. There is no exact information, but according to many sources it is known that the ancestors of the Aussi arrived in America from Europe.
At the end of the 19th century, Spanish shepherds went to work on the farms of America and Australia. They took with them on a long journey the hardworking and hardy Basque Shepherds, which at that time were indispensable helpers for shepherds and worked with different cattle (sheep, cows, horses).
At the beginning of the 20th century, sheep breeding is rapidly developing in America and, accordingly, the demand for shepherd breeds is growing. Many descendants of shepherds from Australia with their dogs, descendants of the Basque Shepherd, came to America and perhaps therefore, is called the Australian Shepherd. American herders, evaluating the working capabilities of the new breed, took up its development and improvement. They retained the Aussie dexterity, shepherd's instinct and attractive appearance.
Australian Shepherd Description and Standard of Breed MKF
- Overall Impression: Mid-sized Australian Shepherd with well-balanced proportions.
- Shape: slightly stretched. The length from the sternum to the back of the thigh is greater than from the top of the withers to the ground.
- Bone: moderate.
Photo Australian Shepherd puppy standing on a log
- Blue - marble and black - black nose and lips.
- Red-harlequin and red have brown nose and lips.
- For merles, small pink spots are acceptable, but they should not exceed 25% of nose pigmentation in dogs older than a year.
- Hazel, blue, amber, or any combination of them, including blotches and marbling.
- Blue-marbled and black ones have black eye rims.
- Red-marbled and reddish have a brown eye rim.
Photo of ausi in the field
Note: males have two correctly developed testes fully descended into the scrotum.
Australian Shepherd color
- Marble blue
- The black
- Marble Red
- Red and brown (in the presence or absence of white or tan, the line of the white collar, goes beyond the withers)
- Combinations of the listed colors with light or brown spots.
- White on the neck (spots or collar), on the chest, legs, muzzle, at the bottom of the body, on the head strip (white on the head does not dominate)
- The eyes are completely surrounded by color and pigment.
Australian Shepherd (Aussie) character
By nature, the Australian Shepherd is balanced, varnished, energetic and cheerful. She is active and good-natured, rarely barks for no reason. Aussi is hardworking and responsible, always striving to please the owner. They are so active and mobile that for them it will be a torture to sit in a closed room for a long time. To feel good and maintain muscle mass, it needs open space and outdoor games.
The Australian Shepherd lends itself well to training, new teams literally catches on the fly. They are very fond of active games and walks with the owner, for them the attention and approval of the owner is important. The Australian Shepherd was born to work, so do not expect the habits of a sofa dog from her, sitting calmly all day and wait for the command to “walk”.
The compact size allows you to keep a shepherd in an apartment, but in this case, the ausi needs to ensure regular walking in the morning and evening for 1-1.5 hours. Active walks with training elements. Make sure that the air in the room where it will be kept is moist and fresh. With dry and warm air it constantly molts.
If an Australian is left alone at home, he is bored with idleness and spoils his master's things.
Wanting to have an Australian Shepherd, the owner must decide what purpose he needs it for. After all, she will have to pay a lot of attention and time for games and education. Aussie's happiness is running, jumping, overcoming obstacles, open space and constant communication with a person.
The Australian Shepherd adore children, because with them you can always have fun frolic. He gets along with other pets, especially if he grows with them. The Australian Shepherd dog needs early socialization, because the instinct for the protection, property and family of the owner is very large. He is wary of strangers and without aggression shows aggression.
Australian Shepherd Care
Red and White Australian Shepherd - photo
The Australian Shepherd (Aussie) has a moderate-length coat with a dense undercoat, shedding. Shedding is seasonal, plentiful. When kept in a room with dry warm air, molting lasts longer. The Australian Shepherd is well tolerated on the street, in the aviary (but not on the chain). The dense undercoat does not allow moisture and cold to penetrate through it. The Australian Shepherd tolerates rain, sun, frost and heat. Her body is able to gradually adapt to different climatic changes.
Bathing Australian recommended 1 p. at 4 to 6 weeks, or depending on contamination, shampoo for dogs. If the Australian Shepherd is kept outdoors, in the winter she perfectly cleans her coat herself, rolling in the snow. In summer, you can bathe in a river or lake (after bathing in open water, always rinse it with clean water), or use warm water to hose it.
When kept in an apartment, Aussies are bathed in a bathroom or a large basin. The bottom of the bathtub must be covered with a rubber mat so that the paws do not slip. Wipe with a towel after bathing and blow dry. Drying the dense coat of the Aussie is a long process, so avoid drafts until it dries completely.
You need to comb the Australian Shepherd dog 2-3 times a week, first with a brush and then with a comb. The procedure removes dead hair and dust, improves blood circulation and makes the dog an excellent massage.
Aussi Cover Care Tools:
- Metal Tooth Brushes
- Sundress or furminator
- Metal comb
Before combing, spray hair with clean water or a heavily diluted conditioner. Because combing dry hair, it is possible to break and damage it. During molting, the Australian Shepherd will have to be combed more often.
To remove dead undercoat, it is recommended to use a furminator that:
- removes dead hair well and reduces shedding
- does not damage the outer hair
- gently pulls out the dead undercoat
- prevents the formation of warlocks
Auxi puppy closeup photo
Shaving the Australian Shepherd remains a controversial topic. Breeders sometimes resort to this procedure in order to make them feel better in the summer heat or just save themselves from regular cleaning of rugs. But you should know that dogs do not have sweat glands on their body (except the pads) and are not cooled by evaporation of moisture from the surface of the body. They are cooled by shortness of breath.
The animal, opening its mouth and teaching breathing, promotes the rapid evaporation of fluid when exhaling from the surface of the mucous membranes of the mouth. In addition, the skin of a shaved Aussie is very vulnerable to the sun and tan. Marble specimens are especially burned, and wool after experiments suffers greatly.
Ears should be wiped 1 time per week with a cotton pad dipped in warm water. They should be inspected regularly; there is no redness or excess sulfur. A healthy ear of pleasant pink color without an unpleasant smell and secretions. If the dog often shakes its head, rubs its ears on the floor, an unpleasant odor comes out of the ear, liquid flows out or the auricle turns red, immediately contact your veterinarian for help.
The eyes of the Australian Shepherd should be checked regularly for redness or tearing. Healthy eyes are clean and shiny without tear paths. Once a week to prevent souring, rub the Aussie eyes with a soft cloth dampened in chamomile broth. We wipe each eye with a separate piece of a clean rag.
It is recommended to brush 2-3 times a week with special toothpaste for dogs using a toothbrush or brush on the finger. To prevent the appearance of tartar, solid food, chewing bones or a toy will help - a rope moistened with a special tool for plaque.
Australian Shepherd photo in beautiful color
Ticks Caution: Once a month, be sure to treat the Australian Shepherd with a parasite treatment. The drug (drops "Advantiks", "Frontline") is applied to the withers, do not bathe for 10 days.
Ticks and fleas are a great threat to the health and life of the dog, so regularly treat the Australian Shepherd against ectoparasites.
Fleas parasitize the body of the animal and cause anxiety in the form of itching, redness and irritation of the skin. Frequent allergies to the skin also occur due to a flea bite. They cause the appearance of worms when the Australian Shepherd swallows a flea, combing an itchy place. In addition, fleas are carriers of various infectious diseases.
Ixodid tick is a carrier of the dangerous disease piroplasmosis (babesiosis). With the first heat in the street, the danger of becoming a victim of a tick increases a thousand times. They are active in the period April - October (especially dangerous May - September). After walking, be sure to check places with soft skin: face, ears, eye area, neck, stomach.
Having found a tick, do not panic (they are not all contagious), put on rubber gloves and use a pair of tweezers or a tick twister to pull out the parasite in a circular motion. Place the bite with an antiseptic. The next few days, be sure to monitor the state of health of the Aussi. If Aussie is active, eats with appetite, health is in order.
But having noticed such symptoms:
- refusal of food and drink
- high body temperature (above 39 degrees)
- yellow whites of the eyes
- red-brown urine
- falls on hind legs
Contact your veterinarian immediately. Only an experienced specialist will save the dog’s life.
Important to know: Australian Shepherds may have a genetic mutation, making them susceptible to certain medications. The consequence of such treatment is neurological disease or death.
But don't be alarmed, now there is an accurate DNA test (swab from the cheek) for the presence of a mutation in the MDR1 gene.
MDR1 is the abbreviation of the Multi-Drug Resistance 1 gene (multidrug resistance). A mutation of this gene makes the body particularly sensitive to Ivermectin and some other drugs, which means that an animal with a mutation reacts to these drugs.
In the presence of two copies of the mutation, reactions to drugs occur, and with one copy of the mutation, sensitivity to certain drugs is only occasionally manifested. So animals that do not have mutations in the MDR1 gene are allowed to take these drugs.
Breeds that undergo mutations in the MDR1 gene?
- Australian shepherd dogs
- English shepherd dog
- Miniature Australian Sheep
- Old English Sheep
- German shepherd dogs
- Longhaired whippet
- Shetland (sheltie)
- Silken Windhounds
- Mestizos, descendants of any of the above breeds.
List of drugs prohibited to the Australian Shepherd (and the entire collie group):
- Ivomec (Ivomec) - antiparasitic
- Immodium - from diarrhea, and their derivatives. They cause CNS depression and a fatal outcome is possible.
The following medicines are prescribed with caution, serious side effects are possible:
- Ondansetron - Antiemetic
- Ondansetron - Antiemetic
- Domperidone - Gastric
- Paclitaxel - For Cancer
- Etoposide- From Cancer
- Quinidine- quinine-containing
- Morphine - opium based drugs
- Loperamid (Imodium) - for diarrhea
- Digoxin - Cardiac Glycoside
- Vincristin - an antibiotic
- Vinblastin - an antibiotic
- Doxorubicin - an antibiotic
- Rifampicin - an antibiotic
- Mitoxantrone - antibiotic
- Moxidectin - From Parasites
- Ivermectin - From Parasites
- Selamectin - From Parasites
- Cyclosporin A - Immune
- Dexamethason - Glucocorticoid
- Doramectin - from external parasites for cattle, but some doctors prescribe it for dogs
Be sure to print and carry a list of prohibited drugs, especially when visiting a veterinarian.
Australian shepherd food
There are two types of nutrition for the Australian Shepherd:
- premium finished dry food
- natural food
Aussie diet is balanced and most importantly, never mix two foods in one feeding. This threatens a disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Natural food is always fresh, at room temperature. A serving is calculated for 15 -20 minutes. If the Australian Shepherd refuses to eat, hide the food in the refrigerator until the next feeding.
Aussie Feeding Per Day:
- 1.5 -2 months -5 - 6 times
- 4 months -3 - 4
- 5-6 months - 3
- From 7 - 8 months, they are transferred to 2 single feeding.
- Low-fat meat (beef, horse meat, rabbit, poultry without bones, boiled or scalded with boiling water)
- Boiled offal (heart, scar, trim, rarely and in small portions of the liver)
- Vegetables (raw and stewed)
- Seasonal fruits
- Sour-milk products (low-fat cottage cheese, kefir)
- Groats (buckwheat, rice)
- Boiled sea fish, boiled (1-2 times a week)
- 1 boiled egg or raw yolk (2-3 times a week)
- Fatty Meat (Pork)
- Smoked meats
- fried food
- Sour cream
- Tubular bones of a bird (chicken, duck, etc.)
- Spicy food
- Fresh bakery