As soon as a puppy appears in your house, it immediately becomes an object of attention and admiration for the whole family. He is pampered, touched by petty pranks, forgiven chewed slippers and broken flowers. In the meantime, the dog lays the foundations for improper behavior and bad habits are formed that will not be so easy to eradicate.
A wise owner knows how important it is to take care of raising a dog on time. This process is continuous, often difficult, but very interesting.
Where to start raising a puppy? How to do it right?
From the very first hours of being in the house, the dog should feel the friendly attitude of the people around it. Often a small puppy, divorced from its canine family, feels defenseless and alone in a new environment. A dog is a pack animal that understands and respects the discipline of the pack. Therefore, the owner of the dog must try to become the leader of this conditional pack.
From the very first days, explain to the puppy what is allowed to do and what is not. Your requirements should be accessible to understanding the animal - specific and consistent. Combine the puppy’s correct actions with pleasant sensations.
And, on the contrary, the unwanted actions of the pet should be associated with unpleasant experiences. Bad behavior cannot be ignored. At the same time, remember that no matter how smart your four-legged friend is, he is still just a dog, so you should not demand from him too subtle understanding of human emotions, be offended, jealous, or shame. Do not make your puppy worry about unreasonable and incomprehensible reproaches for him.
At what age should you start training your puppy?
The sooner the better. The main thing is not to overload too much, since at an early age the dog is difficult to concentrate and quickly gets bored with learning. Arrange small workouts for five minutes and try to make them amuse the puppy and resemble a game.
First of all, teach your pet to respond to a nickname. Call the puppy for feeding or while walking. You can gradually learn the team "to me". At the same time, try to keep the tone of your voice calm and friendly.
Starting at the age of two months, train your puppy as a team “Not allowed” (or "Fu") You should pronounce it in a low, sharp voice, but in no case should you scream, otherwise you can scare and disorient the animal.
If you live in a city, you need to teach your dog to walk on a leash as early as possible. First, sometimes try to put on a collar and, as soon as you understand that the pet is calm about it, fasten the leash. In a calm, affectionate voice, make the puppy follow you and, if he does, reward something delicious.
At the very beginning, stop the habit of pulling the leash. Pull the leash sharply and strictly command: "Beside!". When the dog loosens the tension, remember to reward it. Remember safety when walking: do not let the dog off the leash in the vicinity of traffic and stay away from large, aggressive dogs.
Do not let the puppy cheerfully greet strangers, chase bicycles and bark for any reason, otherwise it may turn into a bad habit in him. It is also worth teaching the pet to behave calmly when meeting friends or during visits to the guest house.
One of the easiest teams to train your dog is teams "sit" and To "lie". The easiest way to teach a puppy to sit in anticipation of a tidbit in your hands. Do not try to make the dog sit for as long as possible.
It’s better to let her sit for a few seconds and get up with your permission than one minute, but getting up when she wants to.
To work out the “lying” command, first put the dog down, then, having uttered the command, extend your front paws with one hand and push the withers with the other. When the dog learns to lie down correctly, step away from it. When trying to get up, command strictly: "Lie down!"
Remember to reward the dog when it does what is required. The animal is sensitive to the mood and tone of voice, so try to give commands in a firm, strict, but calm voice. In no case should you shout, let alone beat a dog. Otherwise, from authority you can turn into an enemy and lose the trust of a pet.
Typical training errors:
- The complexity of the reception, before the previous stage is completed,
- Too long training sessions, especially in the early stages of training,
- Inconsistency of requirements and lack of control over execution,
- Nervous or aggressive behavior when training a dog.
Do not forget to develop the natural instincts of your four-legged friend. Imitation of hunting will allow to realize unspent energy (this is especially true for dogs of hunting breeds), will strengthen mutual understanding between the dog and its owner, will bring great joy to both.
Teach your dog to bring a stick or ball thrown into the distance. Say a command before you roll "Aport". In summer, these activities can be combined with swimming in a pond, unless many people are present there. Increase the waiting time of the team’s wait, thereby strengthening your control over the dog.
Watch your pet's behavior, do not ignore dangerous tendencies and aggressive behavior. The character of a dog, like the character of a person, can be nurtured. Communicate with her more, walk, play, teach new things, and then your dog will become your pride and true friend for many years.
When to start raising a dog
Start building relationships with your puppy right after he appears in your home. And be sure to provide it with everything you need from the first day: bowls for food and water, a bed for sleeping, suitable food, toys and goodies. Pay enough attention to make him feel safe and learn to trust you.
Surround your dog from day one / dogtime.com
Familiarize the pet with the teams from an early age. In the first months, teach them on walks and at home, including during games.
First, the puppy must learn what his name is. It is better to choose a short name that is easier to remember, and call the dog only him. When the baby is comfortable and begins to respond, you can go to the teams. By three months old, he should already know the necessary minimum: “Fu!”, “Come to me!”, “Place!”, “Nearby!” And “Aport!”. After you can move on to the rest.
How to raise a dog
Teaching a pet and adjusting its behavior, you will eventually grow an obedient dog that will not cause much trouble.
Do not forget that toys will not replace attention / vetvoice.com.au
Take the dog as a person
Any dog has its own personality, like every person. Learn to understand each other, and then there will be no problems in interaction.
Caesar Millan, professional dog trainer
According to experts of Adult dog’s education, different factors can influence the susceptibility to upbringing and training, the combination of which makes the animal’s behavioral model:
- temperament - the reaction rate to external stimuli, both positive and negative,
- character - how a dog resists unpleasant external influences,
- obedience - the ability to voluntarily accept a person’s leadership,
- vigilance - how quickly the dog notices situations that may pose a potential danger to him or the owner,
- aggressiveness - the ability to react in a hostile manner to what is or seems dangerous and threatening to a pet or owner,
- curiosity is a natural interest that appears when a dog sees, hears or feels something,
- sociability - the ability to simply and naturally interact with people,
- possessiveness is the interest that an animal shows in objects, for example, in its toys or bones.
The pace of learning and its effectiveness largely depend on which features dominate. Given these factors, you will certainly find an approach to the puppy and will be able to adjust its behavior.
Do not hurry
Do not try to teach the puppy all the teams at once, work through them one by one. Be patient and act methodically. Do not scold the pet if he makes mistakes, and be sure to encourage when everything turns out.
Be careful and patient. Remember that each animal individually and assimilates information at a natural pace for him.
Don't hit the pet
Do not use physical punishment, even spanking, until the dog is three months old. Limit yourself only to a change in intonation, but never go on screaming.
Upon reaching three months, you can use a light, but noticeable slap with the palm of your hand on the seat as a measure of impact. In this case, do not forget to say the command "Fu!". Punish only at the time of misconduct, and not after it. Otherwise, the dog simply won’t understand what went wrong.
The main goal of training is the execution of any team the first time. Clearly articulate them and pronounce in an even voice so that the dog understands and obeys you. Do not say “Come here” or “Come” instead of “Come to me!” This is especially important at the very first stages.
Involve all family members in raising the dog, but be sure to act at the same time. Do not allow a situation when you scold a puppy for something, while others encourage pampering or simply turn a blind eye to it.
Stock up on goodies.
Do not forget to reward your pet with goodies and praises when he has fulfilled what was required of him.
Food is a great motivator for dogs, which is important when training. Simple and understandable words or gestures for you are sometimes difficult for the pet to give, and a rewarding treat will simplify the task. Use small treats so that the dog can swallow them quickly.
Caesar Millan, professional dog trainer
What are the main teams to teach a dog
You will use some commands more often, others less often. But they all come in handy to easily interact with the pet and even protect it in different situations.
On this command, the dog should bring the item that you threw: a stick, a ball or another toy. It is especially useful during walks and will help provide the pet with beneficial physical activity. After such games, the dog will be calmer and more obedient, and it is also useful for his health.
This is not about a favorite trick with a paw. On such a command, the dog should give the owner a toy or any other object that was in his mouth.
This team is useful not only at home and on walks - it will help in the development of others.
You will have to use this command quite often. So be sure to teach the dog to perform it in any situation. Say the command along with the name of the pet. During training, when the puppy responds, be sure to encourage praise or treats.
Never call a dog to punish, and do not scold if she came herself, even whimpering before it. This behavior on your part may repel the animal.
A puppy, and then an adult dog, must clearly understand at what point its place is. He can sleep anywhere, if you do not mind, but the ability to execute a command does not cancel this.
You can use it outside the home, marking the place with a leash or favorite toy.
This command is useful when walking with and without a leash, for example, when a dog really wants to chase a neighbor's cat. It will also protect the pet when crossing the road and in other situations outside the home.
This team will help in everyday situations and on walks, when you need to calm the animal or fix in one place. For example, if you want to fasten your leash or treat your eyes and ears with special hygiene products.
Another team that is useful in everyday life. For example, when combing a dog during the next molt.
With this command you can stop the dog, even if you are at some distance. It will come in handy, for example, if the puppy plays too much or an adult dog wants to pick up something from the ground during a walk. When the pet learns the value of "Fu", you need to use the command immediately, as soon as he begins to do something illegal.