Homeland and time of occurrence:
Iceland, Middle Ages
Country of largest population:
42-46 cm, 10-15 kg
Average prices for puppies:
Pet class and tribal marriage - 0-1000 €
Brid-class -1000-2000 €
Show class -2000-3000 €
Traits of the breed (on a 5-point scale):
|Activity in the house||3.4|
|Obedience in training||4.3|
|Obedience to a stranger||3.8|
|Protection of the territory from people||3.6|
|Protection of the territory from animals||3.9|
|Sociability in the family||4.7|
|Sociability with strangers||4.2|
|Sociability with dogs||3.6|
|Aggressiveness in the family||2|
|Aggressiveness to strangers||3.2|
|Aggressiveness to animals||3.8|
|Disruptions in behavior||1.5|
|Tolerance for children under 4 years old||3.9|
|Tolerance for children over 4 years old||4|
The Icelandic dog looks like a Finnish Spitz and Norwegian Buhund. The breed is characterized by double wolf claws, partially protruding forward. You should not delete them. In the conditions of the city, dogs of this breed are not recommended to be kept, because they need room for movement.
The Icelandic dog, in other words, the Icelandic spitz is the oldest breed of shepherd dogs brought to Iceland by the ancient Vikings in the 9th century. These agile and hardy dogs are trained to guard and graze herds, as well as to find and bring lost sheep. The individuals of this breed are friendly, not aggressive and smart. They are in excellent contact with young children and take care of them no worse than nannies. In urban conditions, such a dog should not be kept, as they need space. The breed of the Icelandic dog comes from individuals who came to Iceland from other lands. Subsequently, the Icelandic dog was almost exterminated after the epidemic of the plague of carnivores, but dog handlers from England and Iceland managed to return and restore the dogs of this breed.
Games, entertainment, recreation:
Icelandic Spitz is not suitable for maintenance in a city apartment. This is a working breed that needs vigorous activity and constant physical activity. Therefore, dogs of this breed must be kept either in a rural house or on a farm, where they will have a constant habitual work for them and a lot of free space for walking.
The dog is alive, loyal, agile, smart, funny. The character of this breed develops during the initial 1.5 years of life, and therefore dogs of this breed simply need close contact with their owner. The Icelandic dog can very well perform any tasks assigned to it. She is ready to be a guard, shepherd or domestic dog, as well as a companion dog. These animals can live in stables with horses with great pleasure. Due to the fact that the dogs of this breed are of Icelandic origin, they eat quite a bit and are always ready to exchange a piece of meat for fish. This dog is a very loving creature and is strongly attached to its owner. She is also sociable, therefore, is good in the role of a family dog. Icelanders get along well with other pets, and also behave well with children.
The breed is distinguished by excellent health. There is a tendency to eye diseases.
Features of the content:
Icelandic dogs are attached to people and prefer to spend a lot of time with a person, as well as follow their master wherever he goes and sleep only next to him. They need to be taught to stay alone for several hours in a row, and they can, but, nevertheless, most of all they need to be near their master. They do not need to be called up, because they are constantly nearby and make sure that the owner is always in sight and not lost sight. Even young puppies almost immediately have a similar habit.
Head - light, with a fairly wide skull
Muzzle - pretty short
Eyes - small, round
The ears - wide at the base, triangular in shape, with sharp ends, always standing upright
Neck - strong
Limbs - muscular
Tail - medium length, covered with thick coat
This breed was removed from the Ariege department in southern France by crossing medium-sized French hounds with blue Gascon and Gascon-Sentong hounds (both breeds are hounds that are hunted with a pack). The Ariege hound has the typical characteristics of these breeds, but it is lower at the withers and less in weight. In 1907, the breed was registered in France, in 1912 its standard was adopted, and soon it was one of the first to be registered by FCI. During World War II, the breed almost disappeared, but was restored in the 70s of the XX century.
Similar dogs existed in Europe as far back as the Middle Ages and were then called simply bastard water dogs (from the French. "Barbe" - beard). They are mentioned in written sources of the 16th century, and their images can be found in paintings of the same period. J. Buffon wrote about barba in his work “Natural History,” and in 1779, Spalanzani first successfully conducted artificial insemination on dogs of this breed. Barbie is considered the ancestor of all breeds with long, rough, wavy hair (including lapdogs and poodles) and a direct descendant of shepherd dogs. At the end of the 19th century, the barbe, held only by villagers and poachers, almost completely disappeared. This was followed by some uplift of the rock, but today it is still under the thunderstorm of extinction.
Brief characteristics of the dog
- Other possible names: Icelandic Spitz, Icelandic Sheepdog, Icelandic Shepherd Dog, Farehond Friaar Dog, Icelandic Fairhound.
- Adult Growth: from 42 cm to 46 cm.
- Weight: from 10 to 15 kg.
- Characteristic color: red and white.
- Wool Length: It can be short or long, fluffy.
- Life span: 12-14 years old.
- Advantages of the breed: friendly, smart, inquisitive, active, hardy.
- The complexity of the breed: long-haired look requires grooming.
- Average price: $300-$500.
Pharaoh Hound very similar to witty dogs depicted in ancient Egyptian frescoes. From Egypt, this breed came to Europe through Spain. Pharaoh dogs are bred in the Balearic Islands.
History of breed origin
The Icelandic dog, also called the Icelandic Shepherd, appeared on the territory of Iceland in the 9th century along with the Vikings who came from the Scandinavian Peninsula. Having easily mastered the new territory, the dogs helped their owners in hunting for local game.
After cattle breeding began to develop on the island, Irish shepherds had to retrain as shepherds, who in the autumn gathered a herd that had scattered over the summer pastures and drove him home.
In the X century, already by the Icelandic Vikings, these dogs were introduced to the British Isles, where they became the progenitors of such well-known breeds as the Welsh Corgi and Collie.
In 1972, the Icelandic Shepherd was recognized by the International Kennel Federation (FCI / MKF), at the same time the first breed standard came out, which was finalized in 2007. And in 2010, the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club.
The Icelandic dog is a group of Spitz, which has about 50 breeds.
Medium Anglo-French Tricolor Hound
Anglo-français de petite vénerie Medium-sized Anglo-French Hound
Medium-sized Anglo-French Hound
Medium Anglo-French, with a characteristic three-color color, the hound is not to say that it is large, but it can not be attributed to small dogs. These dogs have an ideal hound height, which is 51 centimeters at the withers. Their weight is from 22 to 25 kilograms. This is an exact, slightly reduced copy of its larger prototype, which refers to large Anglo-French hounds.
The purpose of the breed
Icelandic dogs are almost never used for their first purpose, that is, they are rarely seen on the hunt. But in some areas of Iceland they still graze cattle occasionally.
Good sense of smell allows in some cases to use the Irish shepherd to search not only animals but also people Most often, they serve as simple pets, and sometimes watchful watchmen. And also these are regulars of exhibitions and participants of various competitions.
English springer spaniel
English springer spaniel
English Springer Spaniel
The English Springer Spaniel is one of the oldest hunting breeds. It is believed that his ancestors were a medieval bird dog and a Norfolk spaniel, which, in turn, came from an old water spaniel and a number of large spaniels. When the breed was formed, English breeders conducted numerous crosses. The breed was officially recognized in 1902 and has since become one of the most popular hunting dog breeds in the British Isles.
Description of the nature of the breed
In icelandic dogs almost no flaws. These funny and kind dogs do not know what aggression and mood swings are. They are even strangers are peacefullyTrue, the owners will be obliged to inform the owners if they appear on the doorstep.
Icelandic shepherd dog very curious and try to stick their nose everywhere. They Withsmall, energetic and big lovers to play. They can even drive pets without anger, but for fun. Such cheerful pets always happy to keep your baby company. And they will show you and the whole family boundless devotion and obedience.
Icelandic shepherd dog really need communication and attention from the person and can’t be alone for long. These dogs cannot be lost sight of, because they will be near you without any commands, while trying not to get under your feet, which does not always work. They will even sleep at your feet.
Developed intelligence helps them quickly learn and memorize teams, and they can also be easily trained in many types of dog sports.
Icelandic dog puppies are small fluffies with fluffy and soft hair. Most of the dog is colored red, and white, on the chest, paws and stomach. On the wedge-shaped head, standing ears triangles and small, dark, round eyes are high.
If the puppy does not bother, then the donut-tail will be located on the back, and not hang down. In addition, naturally curious puppies of this breed, having seen you, should immediately confidently run up to get acquainted. They should not be scared or aggressive.
By the age of two months, namely at this age, it is recommended to acquire a puppy, all the necessary vaccinations should be done and all documents must be drawn up. Bona fide breeders after the purchase should give you advice on feeding in the first few days.
More often than not, the dog hears its nickname. In addition, you also pronounce it quite often when you want to call a pet or give him some command. Therefore, it should suit both of you. Below are a few options for names that can be called an Icelandic dog:
- for a dog fit: Dublin, Saigur, Shamrock, Patrick, Haidar, Fall, Cron, Bowil and so on,
- for bitches: Bassey, Malla, Fabby, Thor, Yusi, Hella, Dhaka, Gracie, Sharon and other similar names.
Care and maintenance
Both shorthair Icelandic dogs and pets with longer hair do not need any special and laborious care. The main thing is to keep the dog clean, which includes examining and cleaning the ears, cutting the claws (if the dog spends little time on the street, and they do not have time to grind). If there is such a need, then you need to wipe the pet's eyes.
Icelandic shepherd dogs, like many dogs, are subject to molt, and not only seasonal. In order to prevent your carpets from being covered with a layer of wool, you need to comb out your pet regularly with a special brush. And in order to prevent fleas from bothering your dog, purchase an impregnated collar or regularly treat the coat with suitable products. In addition to skin parasites, there are also worms that also need to be fought, but it is better to take measures in advance and treat the dog with the necessary medications.
Thick and dense coat allows the Icelandic dog to stay outside for a long time and tolerate cold well. She, of course, does not need an aviary, but the ability to move freely around the yard will be taken with great pleasure, since for many centuries they have become accustomed to freedom.
Icelanders can be suitable for urban apartments. But in this case, you need to immediately wean the dog to crap indoors and ask to go outside. Such dogs need movement, which means they will have to walk every day for a long time, giving them the opportunity to run without a leash.
Possible health problems
The big plus of the breed is her lack of hereditary diseases. In Icelandic dogs in general pretty good health and strong immunity. But even with such indicators, one should not ignore vaccination, which is the prevention of rather serious infectious diseases.
Puppy and adult dog food
Dog feeding is gaining great popularity. prepared, dry or canned feed. And not in vain. They are well balanced and filled with the necessary elements. When choosing this type of feeding, focus on the needs of the pet, and most importantly - on the quality of the feed. Chasing cheapness, you risk significantly spoiling the health of the dog. And some species can even provoke oncology or kidney disease.
If you still decide to feed an Icelandic dog natural foodthen check out the list of products suitable for this:
- low-fat meat (everything except pork) and various offal,
- large boneless sea fish or minced fish,
- various cereals, including mixtures,
- vegetables as an addition to the main menu,
- boiled eggs
- dairy products (kefir and cottage cheese).
Adult dog needs to be fed twice a dayby controlling the amount of servings. Puppies up to seven months old 3-4 times feeding.
Dogs lose their appetite during the hot seasonand sometimes they refuse to eat at all. The same problems occur in bitches during estrus.
Training in brief
The Icelandic dog is very easy to train all the required commands. Nature endowed them remarkable intelligence and excellent memory.
They perceive the entire educational process as part of the game, and therefore they will gladly carry out the proposed, especially if success will be consolidated by the delicacy and praise from the beloved host. In addition, they will gladly accept the offer to engage in sports such as fly ball agility and many others.
Advantages and disadvantages
Icelandic shepherd dogs are excellent family dogs, which almost no flaws. They are incredible devotees and so attached to the person that they always try to be as close to him as possible. True, sometimes they can interfere and get underfoot.
Desire to please and high intellectual abilities allow the Icelandic dog learn fast and remember everything well. A activity and mobility often makes her a champion in various types of dog sports.
But such an energetic dog needs long daily walks. therefore it does not fit sedentary peopleas well as a sofa pet.
This is very cheerful and funny dogswhich are very love to frolic and play. Often other domestic animals participate in these games, in which even during entertainment the Icelandic shepherd shows its shepherd instinct, preventing them from leaving the territory and trying to keep everyone in one place. The same applies to children with whom such a pet has a wonderful relationship.
The Icelandic Shepherd Dog does not forget about the protection of its territory. She will always notify the arrival of guests, and in some cases able to bravely protect the owners from uninvited strangers. Although the dog is somewhat distrustful of strangers, but when he sees the joy on the owner’s face, he immediately becomes peaceful and affectionate.
These dogs are very dependent on communication with humans and hard to tolerate loneliness. And some breeders even recommend that up to eighteen months try to pay as much attention to such a pet as possible, gradually accustoming it to remain alone.
Icelandic shepherd dog affectionate and loving. They know how not only to receive, but are also ready to give in return all their tenderness and become a faithful companion for their human family.
In my opinion, the dog is just superb. She easily learned everything that is required of her and now she understands us literally. The only thing we cannot wean from is that the current is confused underfoot. Sometimes this attachment is very disturbing. Incredibly energetic. It’s good that we live in our house, and she can always rush freely around the yard. And how they live in apartments with her, I can’t imagine. But at the same time she is very cheerful, cheerful and kind.
As for me, you should not call this breed a shepherd. I have something to compare, since I have both a German and an Icelander. The difference is huge. The only similarity between them is in mind and obedience. Although the Icelander has its own charms. He is very funny and playful. But his habit of always being around is sometimes very intrusive and even interferes and annoys.
But overall the dog is good. He loves children and enjoys spending time with them. It was fun to watch how he tried to collect all the kittens into boxes, and then also dragged their mother to better watch.
Our Zyuza is already four years old and the whole family adores her, especially since she gives us a sea of positive emotions in return. She is also an excellent athlete and we rarely return after competitions without an award.
We live in an apartment. It does not cause any difficulties and problems. The main thing is to properly care for and often walk. She has her own nook and some toys with which she has fun in our absence. Caring for such a dog is absolutely not difficult. It does not need to be dragged by the groomers or put in order for hours. In food, too, is not overpriced. And our cat, Vaska, is her best friend.