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Italian Shorthair Pointing Dog Bracco Italiano


Homeland and time of occurrence:
Italy, Middle Ages

Country of largest population:

Global popularity:
index 214000

Height Weight:
52-58 cm, 18-28 kg

Average prices for puppies:
Pet class and tribal marriage - 0-1200 €
Brides class -1200-2100 €
Show class -2100-3000 €

Traits of the breed (on a 5-point scale):

Activity in the house4.1
Outdoor activity4.7
Obedience in training4.1
Obedience to a stranger3.6
Family dominance1.2
Dog domination2.1
Protection of the territory from people2.5
Protection of the territory from animals2.8
Sociability in the family4.8
Sociability with strangers4.2
Sociability with dogs3.5
Family focus2
Alien Concentration2.7
Dog focus3.5
Aggressiveness in the family1.3
Aggressiveness to strangers2.3
Dog aggressiveness2.1
Aggressiveness to animals2.0
Petting requirement4.9
Excessive barking2.1
Disruptions in behavior1.6
Tolerance for children under 4 years old4.4
Tolerance for children over 4 years old4.5

Shorthair Italian marriage - a passionate, passionate and furious hunter. He is energetic and quick. Dog works great alone, in pairs or in svor. It hunts well in difficult terrain, follows the trail, constantly giving voice. Dogs of this breed are mainly used for hunting hare, fox or wild boar.

Breed History:
Italian marriage, apparently, is the oldest breed of Italian gun dogs that have survived to this day. Many believe that the marriage comes from the same breeds as the Italian haggio hounds. Perhaps the Italian hounds of the past were crossed with old cops and selected offspring were selected for their ability to feed game, swim, as well as for flair and other working qualities. Italian marriage has been known since the early 1700s. It has changed little over time and, along with the segujio, remains one of the most characteristic hunting dog breeds in Italy.

Games, entertainment, recreation:
Regular walks and exercise are required. Relatively early socialization is needed to prevent the shyness of a dog considered to be congenital.

Attractive features:
Shorthair Italian marriage has a calm and balanced character. He is distinguished by good nature. In relation to people does not show aggression. Devoted to the owner and his family. Affectionate with children. Sensitive Attachment to show not to strive, however, needs constant and close contact with people. Calm at home, on the hunt - excitement.

Genetic diseases:
Health problems are not noted.

Features of the content:
The dog is unpretentious in care and maintenance. It is enough to comb the hair with a brush as needed. The dog is also unpretentious in food. Can live in a kennel.

Breed Standards:
Head - narrow and long, tapering to the nose, with a smooth transition from the forehead to the muzzle
Muzzle - long, dry
Bite - scissor
Eyes - medium size
Neck - long and dry
Back - convex
Limbs - long and straight
Tail - medium length, tapers towards the bent end

# 1 NoiseFey

Chairman of the Board of the Regional Branch of the Rostov Region

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    Italian Shorthair Pointing Dog Bracco Italiano

    This is, apparently, the oldest breed of Italian gun dogs that have survived to this day. Many people believe that Italian marriage comes from the same breeds as Italian haggio hounds. Perhaps the Italian hounds of the past were crossed with old cops and selected offspring were selected for their ability to feed game, swim, as well as for flair and other working qualities. Judging by the frescoes of the XIV century, the breed existed already in the Middle Ages. It is believed that orange-white dogs come from the vicinity of Piedmont, and brown and gray-haired dogs are from Lombardy. In the past, Italian marriage was used for hunting birds, and for several centuries, dogs were forced to adapt to various types of hunting, from hunting with nets to hunting with a gun.
    Italian marriage has been known since the early 1700s. It has changed little over time and, along with the segujio, remains one of the most characteristic hunting dog breeds in Italy.

    DESCRIPTION. A square-format Italian marriage is a very agile dog; specimens with well-developed muscles and dry limbs are preferred. Ears are long hanging, fold into a crease, a domed skull, a muzzle with a hump. A distinctive feature of this breed is an invariably excited expression. The coat is short, thick and thin. On the head, neck and lower parts of the body, the coat is more delicate. The tail is docked. Color can be white, orange with white, chestnut with white, orange-mottled and chestnut-mottled. Unacceptable colors in the Italian marriage are black, black and tan, black and white and solid chestnut, as well as three-color. Height at the withers 56 - 66 cm, weight 25 - 40 kg.

    CHARACTER. Having changed little over a long history of existence, Italian marriage has not lost its characteristic obstinacy. As befits a real pet dog, it is very animated in the field, although it works slowly and never loses its head. In addition to outstanding field qualities, he possesses the character traits necessary for a pleasant companion: obedience and poise.

    CHARACTERISTIC. Italian marriage is suitable for any type of hunting, is resistant and has a calm, good-natured disposition, easy to learn. Italian marriage is a hunter by nature, but despite this, he gets along well in the family. Short hair does not require special care, you should only regularly clean long ears to prevent any inflammation.

    NOTES.In dogs used for hunting, tails are usually stopped, leaving 15-25 cm, as, for example, representatives of this breed brought from Italy.

    Standard: FCI No. 202.
    The standard was approved in 1989.

    Group 7. Section 1.

    Country of origin: Italy

    Original name: Bracco italiano

    Other name: Italian Pointer, Italienischer Kurzhaariger Vorstehhund, Italian marriage

    Large, deep, elongated, rather narrow, with sharply defined angles. The skull is slightly domed. The occipital protuberance is pronounced. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is pronounced. The back of the nose is straight or slightly convex. The muzzle is the same length with the skull. The nose is large, matching the color of the nose (from chestnut to pink or meat). Bryl lips.

    Oval shape. Colors to match the color (brownish or buffy).

    The ears
    Long, hanging, rolled into a tube at the base, flexible, with slightly rounded ends.

    Raw, square format. The neck is powerful, with a small suspension. The withers protrude significantly above the top line. The chest is wide, deep, lowered to the elbows. The ribs are rather convex. The back is broad, muscular. The croup is long, wide, sloping down at an angle of 30. The abdomen is slightly tightened.

    Strong, with embossed muscles. Paws are oval, with tightly compressed fingers, hard pads, there are dewclaws too.

    Thick at the base, straight. When moving, the dog carries it at ground level. Docked so that the remaining tail length is 15 - 25 cm.

    The coat is short, dense, shiny. On the head, ears, paws and front side of the limbs - thinner and tight-fitting.

    White, chestnut with white, peppermint with speckles, zonar (roan, each hair is colored unevenly) with light tips. A symmetrical mask is preferred.

    Height at the withers
    Males: 58–67 cm.
    Bitches: 55 - 62 cm.

    Breed characteristics
    This hardy, bold dog with a keen sense of flair can be used for any type of hunt. He goes in search at a trot, smells from afar, because he holds his head high. Good aportivator. Easily adapts to life in the owner’s family. Needs persistent training.

    Maintenance and care
    It may well live in the city, however, it needs space and active physical exercises for the proper development and maintenance of working form. It is necessary to brush the hair regularly.

    Hunting dog, companion dog.

    "All the angels were busy. They sent me."said the Afghan Greyhound.

    # 2 NoiseFey

    Chairman of the Board of the Regional Branch of the Rostov Region

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    If the breed of dogs, in our case, the Pointer, was bred in the UK, but more than one generation of hunters has bred it in another country, in Italy, then how to relate to the exterior and other differences that are inevitable in doing so with the dog stats in different countries? This problem is also encountered by Russian hunters. English cops have been bred in Russia for more than a century and a half, and during this time, under the influence of different natural and climatic conditions, as well as different hunting traditions, they externally noticeably deviated from their counterparts in their historical homeland. This is clearly seen when comparing Russian and English standards.

    In Italy, as in Russia, hunters keep pointers mainly, therefore, the exterior characteristics of the breed here are not determined by show fashion, but by the real requirements for hunting conditions with the dogs.

    What exactly is the difference between the pointers of Italy and England? This is discussed in the pages of the Italian magazine I Nostri Cani ("Our Dogs") by its regular author Domenico Tricomi. He writes: “In England, in the homeland of the pointer, there is a very clear division of the breed into show and field dogs with all the ensuing consequences in terms of complexity; in Italy, the pointers are of the same type. Moreover, when you look at the Italian pointer you can immediately see that he differs from both English varieties in a lighter and more elegant addition, smooth, without sharp features, head contours, narrower in the cheekbones and with a smoother transition from forehead to muzzle, slightly upturned muzzle, higher set and shorter E ears distinctly triangular shape, smoother-edged lips in profile.

    English pointers have a more voluminous head with a long cranial part and more prominent lines, the body is more massive and powerful. The growth of the pointer in England is 63-69 cm for males, 61-66 cm for females. In Italy, this indicator is 55-62 cm for males and 55-60 cm for females. It is interesting to compare Russian indicators: males 57-65 cm , females 54-63 cm. As you can see, the pointer in Russia is closer to Italian in growth - OM.) According to the Italian standard, the width of the cranial part of the pointer should be slightly less than half the length from the nose of the nose to the occipital tubercle (9/10), according to English, the width of the head is half its length.

    The lighter and smaller “Italian” pointers are easier to jump into a quarry, it is easier to change the direction of movement at a gallop, it can maintain good speed longer during a search. For a taller and heavier "English" pointer, the gallop is wider and more stable, but not too fast.

    So, if we compare two pointers from England and Italy (the largest standard male English dog with the smallest Italian female), then with a difference in height of 14 cm it is difficult to agree that these are dogs of the same breed (for Russian and English pointers this the difference is even greater - 15 cm - OM). Well, the breed is adapting to the conditions of its use. While breeders are more interested in the show successes of their dogs in the homeland of the pointer, and these successes depend on the expressiveness of their appearance, in Italy it is mainly hunters who breed dogs based on the practical purposes of their use in hunting. "

    Russian hunters in many ways, apparently, agree with the Italian author. By the way, in Europe, Italian pointers are rated very high and often act as breed improvers in other countries.

    Olga Mischikha, Hunting and hunting dogs N 7 - 1996

    "All the angels were busy. They sent me."said the Afghan Greyhound.

    # 3 NoiseFey

    Chairman of the Board of the Regional Branch of the Rostov Region

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    Details for the curious:

    Russian name of the breed:
    Italian marriage

    International breed name:
    Bracco italiano

    Country of origin of the breed: Italy

    Breed Class FCI: 202 RID: 256
    Breed popularity: not included in TOP-100
    (rare breed in the territory of the Russian Federation)

    A mobile, energetic and quick-witted hunting dog - this is Italian marriage. A characteristic feature of these dogs is determination and stubbornness. Despite this, the Italian marriage is used to hunt fox, hare, wild boar, bird and deer. In these matters, he is an indispensable companion and assistant.

    He has a strong, good-natured and calm disposition. This dog has many excellent features that are characteristic of a hunting animal.

    This breed of dog is considered the oldest in Italy. It is believed that Italian marriage is derived from the same breeds as the Italian hound. There are versions that, as a breed, it was formed by crossing breeds such as segujio and cops. During rigorous selection, all necessary and necessary qualities were taken into account, such as: feeding the game to his master, keen instinct, swimming ability, agility, good reaction, etc. The found ancient frescoes of the 14th century show evidence that this breed existed even then, in the Middle Ages. In ancient times, this marriage was used in hunting mainly for birds. The breed received good fame by 1700.

    Since then, Italian marriage has changed little. I must say that today it is quite popular in Italy and, of course, outside the country. According to the breed standard, these dogs have a physique that is square in shape, well muscled and with strong, dry limbs.

    The coat of the dog should be short, thick and thin. In the neck and on the underside of the body, short hair is much softer and more tender. The tail of the dog, from early childhood, is docked. The color of dogs of this breed can be: white, chestnut with white, orange with white, orange-speckled or chestnut-speckled.

    With regard to grooming, these dogs do not need special grooming. It is enough to clean and wash the dog as needed. But it is necessary to monitor the timely cleaning of the ears in order to prevent various inflammatory processes.

    If we talk about the temperament of marriage, it can be noted that this dog is emotional to the point of shyness. She is endowed with a secretive, peculiar character, but with all this, the dog is friendly, smart, soft and affectionate. Created for work and capable of any kind of hunting, the dog is hardy and very diligent in searching and driving game, and when searching, the dog prefers a wide, fast trot.

    Unlike other similar hunting breeds, marriage is extremely voracious, therefore, they need to create a specific, appropriate mineral and protein diet that will satisfy his needs, and you will have to make sure that they do not overeat and do not get fat.

    Dogs breed Italian marriage is best kept in rural nature, as they have needs for wide spaces, as well as in constant physical activity. But if you do not have the opportunity to raise a pet in the countryside, then the dog can also adapt to life in a city apartment, but with frequent walks in the fresh air along with its adored owner. Marriage simply needs daily communication with the owner, otherwise the dog will miss and wither.

    "All the angels were busy. They sent me."said the Afghan Greyhound.