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The history of the origin of the Himalayan breed
Himalayan catsrepeating the color of the Siamese and almost surpassing the Persian in terms of the beauty of their fur coats, they simultaneously tried to bring them out on two continents at the same time. In the mid 30-ies of the last century, felinologists Clyde Keller and Virginia Cobb were engaged in crossing Siamese cats and Persians with black coat. The process was monitored, and the result was as follows: all kittens were born black, but with short hair. Consequently, the genes of the Siamese color point and long hair are recessive.
Over the next few years, further attempts were made to breed a new breed. Already at the beginning of 1950, American Margarita Gofort, purposeful in her desire, finally achieved success in this work: kittens with long hair, Siamese color and Persian-like appearance were born. The breed, where the furry coat resembled the outward appearance of a Himalayan rabbit, was able to register a little later. At the same time, a long-haired color point was also introduced in the UK.
To consolidate the manifestation of genes and a more complete resemblance to the Persians, a Himalayan cat and a Persian were crossed. But they did not register a new breed for a long time due to the fact that cats that were born from such a cross did not fit into the standard for the Persians.
Nevertheless, the CFA did not disregard the new feline representatives, and in 1984 they merged the Himalayan and Persian branches. However, some breeders were opposed to such a merger and founded a new organization, NCFA, which recognized the right of the breeds to separate existence.
Today, despite the differences in the views of feline organizations, the Himalayan cat is one of the most popular and expensive in the world.
Description of Himalayan cat
The fabulously fluffy Himalayan cat is not at all large in size. Its weight varies from 4 to 6 kg, cats are more massive, their weight can reach 7-8 kg.
Today, many feline organizations have come to a common opinion about the standard. The difference between the breeds of the Persian and Himalayan cats is mainly in the length of the coat and its color variant.
According to TICA, a Himalayan beauty should look like this:
Head rounded and somewhat massive, smooth in shape. With general proportionality to the size of the body, the head is either large or medium in size. Jaws are wide, strong with a clear correct bite. The chin looks strong and blends perfectly with full prominent cheeks. Muzzle Himalayan cat flat on the front and very wide, short,
The ears the animal is small and set quite wide, the tips of the ears are rounded,
Eyes very large and rounded, set wide and somewhat convex. Color must be in strict accordance with the standard - any variations of blue,
Nose identical in length and width, nostrils very open. If you look at the cat in profile, then the nose will be flush with the forehead and chin,
Body unequivocally recognized as a type of kobby. The muscles are well developed. The abdomen is roundish on all sides, often large. The neck is short, massive, the chest is understated,
Paws of a Himalayan cat look short and even. The bone is large. Paw pads are round and impressive,
Tail straight and perfectly aligned with body length. A very soft fluffy necessarily pigmented tail is characteristic,
Himalayan cat hair very voluminous. A large volume is created thanks to the thick undercoat. Another characteristic feature of the breed is a fluffy collar. The coat is long in all areas of the body,
Color resembles a Siamese. The pigment for which the "Himalayan" gene is responsible appears on the muzzle, legs, ears and tail. In such protruding areas of the body, color variations of points are manifested due to mutations of other genes. The most common coloring of Himalayan cats is force point. The most rare are chocolate and lilac points.
The appearance of imposing favorites is very impressive due to the combination of long fluffy wool and a somewhat arrogant expression of a muzzle resembling Persians.
Character features of Himalayan cats
The nature of such a pet can only be enjoyed. A fluffy cloud, slowly moving around the master's chambers, will gladly settle in the arms of its patron. With no less pleasure, the pet will voice her gratitude in response to the caress shown to her. Himalayan beauties do not need attention constantly, but if the pet wants to communicate, she will simply inform about this with a short and quiet meow.
These cats are more energetic than the Persians, and yet more emotional than the Siamese. The cat will definitely establish contact with her beloved owner, and her energy reserves will be enough for uninterrupted play for a couple of hours. Such activity is clearly to be enjoyed by young children. Himalayan kittens Perfectly fit into the nursery, these pets are allies in all children's games. With pleasure they will run after a ball, a sun bunny.
A feature of the Himalayan breed is a dislike for enclosed spaces. It is better to keep the doors open or just not tightly cover them. This kitty will not appreciate the purchased small houses. Rather, she will like the master bedroom. Probably one of the favorite places in the house will be a wide sunny windowsill. Although the coat of the Himalayan cats is dense, the pet will definitely react positively to the heat source.
The pet’s mind and quick wits usually delight the owners. The kitty will prove to be a capable student: it easily gets used to a certain daily routine and lends itself to training.
In any case, the character of the Himalayan pet is an example of cat's tenderness, attention and patience for the stormy attention of children.
Care and maintenance of the Himalayan cat breed
Unlike others Himalayan cat requires increased attention. First of all, the thick and long coat of the animal needs care. The combing process is carried out daily in two stages. First, comb the fur coat with a rare comb, and then carefully comb it out with a special brush or curler.
The cat loves to bathe, and will gladly indulge in washing in her master's hands. Bathing should be done regularly, avoiding salting of the coat or its contamination.
Also, you can not ignore the eyes of a pet - due to the structure of the muzzle, the lacrimal tubules are less developed than in cats of other breeds. Eyes should be washed daily with a clean, damp cloth.
The rest of the care for the Himalayan pet is carried out, as well as for other cats - the right diet and proper care of the owners.
Diseases of Himalayan cats
The breed is not considered completely health-friendly. Himalayan cat can get skin asthenia - a hereditary disease of connective tissue, the skin becomes very stretchable, bursts. Not cured. Sometimes cataracts occur, but it does not progress.
It is worth considering how many times a day a cat goes to the toilet, since you can skip the manifestations of polycystic kidney disease.
Despite a fairly long life expectancy of 15-17 years, the owner should remember the health of his pet and not neglect the visits to the veterinarian.
Exterior gloss and imposing gait Himalayan cat goes well with her positive qualities of character. Undoubtedly, the cat is affectionate, loving and will gladly receive attention from its owners, and give it back. Little children will not be offended, because one kind of Himalayan kittens can give a good mood. The vigor of pets will appeal to active people.
In terms of health, the Himalayan pet needs close attention and observation.
The animal needs daily care, which can be appreciated by those people who are pleased to take care of their loved ones. The breed can be appreciated by people for whom the cat is the personification of the softness of thick fur and warmth.
The Himalayans are endowed with a large stocky body that adorns a very fluffy tail. The coat itself is very long, thick, fluffy and soft. These cats have short limbs, and therefore they are far from as jumping as representatives of other breeds. But thanks to the short paws and the original "coat" of the Himalayans, visually can not be confused with any other species.
The shoulders, chest and back of cats are massive and muscular. The neck is short, the head is large and proportional. The nose is wide and short, the ears are very small, rounded at the tips, set low and wide. The eyes are large, wide open, the color is blue in a wide variety of shades.
“Himalayan cats may have a different color, and the color of the spots depends on the basic shade,” says Ludmila Duenko, owner of the Himalayan and Persian cats cattery Fleur de Mireille. - So, in animals of white or cream color, the spots will be dark brown, purple, red, blue, cream or chocolate. A rare case is purple and chocolate colors, as the gene responsible for these colors is recessive. This means that in order for the kittens to be of such colors, both parents should only be of this color. The last “trick” is the coloring with the “tiger” pattern on the spots, now many breeders are eager to get such a color.
An important point is the “mask” on the face of the Himalayan. It should have a clearly visible outline of a dark color and at the same time not go to the neck or chest. Although young kittens may also have such options, because the Himalayan cat acquires its permanent color only in the second or third year of life.