We give the most common cases of injuries indicating the main methods of pre-medical care, but we recommend that you show the dog to an experienced veterinarian after providing it.
“Bite wounds” arise from bites from domestic and wild animals. In most cases, these are bites received by dogs in fights. Bites are accompanied by ruptures of the skin and muscles, leaving puncture and lacerations from the teeth on the skin. Wounds are characterized by a poor course of the wound process, especially from rodent bites, and poor healing, because they are profusely infected with microbes. In this case, you need to keep in mind the risk of rabies.
Very relevant at the present time are gunshot, as well as stab-cut wounds inflicted by the best friend of the four-legged. Gunshot wounds occur when damage to tissues and internal organs by a shot, bullet, fragments. Gunshot wounds are often through, where the outlet is usually larger than the inlet, often with torn edges. A favorable outcome for the treatment of both these and “bitten” wounds substantially depends on the provision of first aid. In this case, the following activities are performed.
First aid for dog injuries
Causes of injuries in dogs
Dogs are very active animals, and this activity leaves its mark on their anatomy, physiology and psychology. Representatives of most breeds (with the exception of a number of highly decorative ones) are notable for their “durability”, so often the symptoms of trauma in dogs remain unnoticed by the owners, and the animal recovers quickly without any help.
But there are still a number of reasons that can lead to serious damage to the body. Among them:
- Contact with the car. Car injuries to dogs - a phenomenon characteristic of most cities, especially for such large cities as Moscow. Such injuries are complex and multifaceted, and often end fatally - the animal dies either at the time of the impact, or some time after it, because of the inability to provide assistance in the right amount.
- Fighting. 90% of cases are dog fights with representatives of their own species, the remaining 10% are cats and birds (eye injury in a dog is a common result of “conflict” with jackdaws or crows). In fights, damage can be very different: it all depends on the aggressiveness and weight categories of the participants. Usually, the result is damage to the skin, sometimes muscles, accompanied by bleeding of varying degrees of intensity.
- The fall. Falling from a height, from uncomfortable steps, or simply stumbling on a slippery surface, animals often break limbs or get shocks.
Features of injury to dogs of large and small breeds
The typical list of reasons why pets can be injured has been described above. But the differences in the anatomy and physiology of different breeds leave their mark on the specifics of injuries:
- Large animals - malamutes, mastiffs, mastiffs, Newfoundlands and other breeds - are prone to limb injuries primarily due to the high load on the joints. Even stumbling on the stairs, the animal can earn a dislocation or sprain simply because the joint will receive a short-term load that exceeds its capabilities.
Important! This is one of the reasons why it is necessary to control the body weight of large dogs and provide them with regular physical activity to strengthen the joints and ligamentous apparatus.
- Medium-sized dogs are injured mainly in fights or falling under the wheels of a car. In the first case, a direct dependence of the severity of injuries on the breed is noted. “Hierarchical” dogs (for example, husky dogs) fight actively, but almost do not receive serious injuries, while breeds bred for close interaction with humans (Rottweiler, Shepherd, large terriers) can actively cripple rivals.
- For dogs of small breeds, the main threat is ... their owners and children. These animals are injured mainly due to a fall from a height: an unsuccessful jump from the couch or from the owner’s hands leads to a dislocation, fracture or concussion.
In addition, helping dogs of small breeds with trauma is difficult. The small size complicates the immobilization of the limbs, and the small mass creates difficulties when calculating the owners of the dosage of drugs (anesthetics, painkillers).
First aid measures for poisoning
If you suspect a pet is poisoned, the first thing you need to understand and determine the nature of the toxic substance, as well as the way in which the poison penetrated the body of the animal: with food, through the lungs or skin. Examination of the pet for the presence of extraneous odors, as well as emetic contents - undigested food with a pronounced specific odor will help determine the type of poisoning. By determining the type of poisonous substance, you can correctly help the injured four-legged friend.
So, here is a list of activities that it is advisable to conduct as soon as possible when poisoning the animal:
- Try to stop the flow of toxic substances into the body of the pet.
- In case of food poisoning, induce vomiting or give emetic preparations from a home veterinary medicine cabinet.
- Urgently contact a veterinarian (or call a veterinarian at home).
- Provide the animal with a plentiful drink to reduce the concentration of the toxic substance.
- Already in a hospital environment, a veterinarian will reduce the concentration of substances harmful in the blood by administering an intravenous glucose solution and necessary medications.
To absorb a toxic solution from the gastrointestinal tract, you must voluntarily or forcibly give the animal an adsorbent from a home veterinary medicine kit: activated charcoal, burnt magnesia. Additionally, you can use a weak solution of potassium permanganate, it oxidizes toxic substances, making them inactive.
To reduce the absorption of poisons into the walls of the stomach and esophagus, it is necessary to give the animal enveloping agents, for example, a decoction of rice or hercules. You can add a little fat. In order to remove all poisons from the body in a short time, the pet must be watered with a significant amount of water.
If traces of poison are seen on the body, then an effective way to remove it is to rinse with running water.
After all urgent procedures, you must urgently show the dog to a specialist.
Poisoning Dogs with Poisons
These are the most dangerous and common situations, since it’s no secret that many dogs can pick up something on the street and eat poison-treated bait. Poison is absorbed into the bloodstream very quickly, so it is important to help in the first minutes and hours. A few minutes of delay can cost your pet life.
First of all, you need to give the dog emetic, induce vomiting. The following agents are usually used as an emetic antidote:
- ordinary table salt - two teaspoons per cup of warm water or a pinch of salt on the root of the tongue,
- mustard - one tablespoon per cup of warm water,
- crystalline soda (Na2CO3) - it is necessary to force the animal to swallow, like a pill, a piece of hazelnut (larger dogs - more),
- hydrogen peroxide - mix in equal parts hydrogen peroxide with water and pour this mixture into the dog’s mouth by force. (1.5 tbsp.spoons for every 4.5 kg. Animal weight). Vomiting will begin in a few minutes. (The recommendations are taken from the collection “Everything about the Dog,” authors M. Dorogan, V. Chelnokova, published by LLC Vladis Publishing House, Rostov-on-Don, 2008).
Giving the dog emetic, calls the veterinarian or takes us to the nearest animal clinic. In order for the doctor to prescribe adequate treatment, you will have to talk about the signs of poisoning. I will tell you about the most common poisons and their symptoms below.
Arsenic poisoning (used to control rodents)
Symptoms: intense thirst and signs of abdominal pain, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, rapid breathing, and even loss of consciousness. The antidote is Epsom salt, a solution of iron sulfate and magnesium oxide, it can be ordered at the pharmacy.
Phosphorus poisoning (present in insecticides and rat poison)
It may take several days before the symptoms begin to manifest. The animal detects abdominal pain, becomes extremely restless, vomiting has a greenish-brown color and glow in the dark, the dog has a swollen tongue, yellowness and general weakness. The antidote is 1/10 of a 1% potassium permanganate solution. As first aid - vomit from a peroxide solution or 3 teaspoons of magnesia (magnesium oxide solution). Liquid oatmeal porridge or barley soup well absorb phosphorus. You can not give laxatives with such poisoning (neither castor oil nor oil).
Lead poisoning (contained in paint, the dog should not be given food in old paint cans, contained in insecticides).
Symptoms - general weakness, trembling, colic, shortness of breath and coma. A chronic form of poisoning is rare. Its main symptom is a bluish discoloration of the mucosa along the edges of the gums. Antidote: Epsom or Glauber's salt (two tablespoons per glass of warm water), raw egg white and milk can be given to ease intestinal irritation.
Strychnine poisoning (found in laxative drugs, in rat poisons).
Symptoms: muscle cramps, cramps, inability to stand. The jaws are closed, the eyes are bulging, the head and tail are extended upward. Repeated convulsions lead to the death of the animal. In case of poisoning with this poison, the count goes on minutes. Immediately give the dog a powerful emetic. Cramping can be relieved with some sleeping pill.
Call your veterinarian immediately. The survival rate of dogs with such poisoning is very small, about 10%.
Very similar to symptoms of lead poisoning. Accompanied by abundant salivation. Sometimes, by the smell from the mouth and the smell of secretions, it is possible to determine which acid has entered the dog’s stomach. Do not induce vomiting. The antidote is baking soda, chalk and water.
Hydrocyanic acid poisoning (found in wolfberry and bay leaf). It acts instantly. You can have time to give the animal lemon juice or a solution of vinegar (a few tablespoons).
For all types of poisoning, a number of measures are necessary to administer the necessary drugs, which can only be determined by a doctor. Do not forget that during dehydration, just like a person, a dog needs to drink a rehydron solution (1-3 glasses) every hour for 3-4 hours.
The summer season is coming and the animals, along with the owners, are moving to the cottages. I want to describe the most common injuries to you below. Remember that proper transportation of the injured animal is important. The wounded dog must be laid on a hard surface (a shield made of plywood or raised and carried on hands). You can use a large towel or blanket to carry a large dog. A smaller dog in case of injury is transported in a box of a suitable size, or wrapped in a blanket and carried on hand. Use caution when transporting a wounded dog.
- Put a muzzle on the dog.
- Lay on the side opposite to the impact.
- To clear an oral cavity of foam and vomit.
- In case of bleeding - apply a tourniquet, tight bandage or press the vessel with your fingers.
- Put tires on broken limbs.
- Wash the wounds with warm water and laundry soap, carefully remove wool and dirt from the wounds.
- Cut hair around the wound
- Analginum - 1.0 / 2.0 ml. intramuscularly, no-spa - 2.0 / 4.0 ml. intramuscularly (further treatment is carried out by a veterinarian)
- Treat damaged tissues with 40% alcohol or vodka.
Contact an animal clinic immediately.
1 degree - redness of the skin, 2 degree - the formation of blisters, 3 degree - burnout of the skin, 4 degree - carbonization. It is necessary to apply cold in the first seconds to the burn site (heating pad with cold water, ice, snow). Put a bandage with a solution of manganese or furatsilin not the place for opening the bubbles, use anti-burn ointments. Give the animal an analgesic. When you stop breathing - actions, like people - artificial respiration. If you are not able to carry out such a procedure, then you can apply the following method: put the dog on his back, kneel down, holding the pelvis of the animal between them. So that the dog does not fall over on its side and rest the hind legs of the dog in its stomach, pick up the front legs and sharply move them forward to the ground and back on itself (with such movements, the dog’s chest changes its configuration), after 5-6 such movements you need to make 5-6 clicks on the left side of the chest of the animal to massage the heart. Further treatment is carried out by a specialist.
The reason may be accidental or deliberate immersion in water when entangled in algae and fishing nets. Your actions:
1. As much as possible to free the trachea and oral cavity and stomach from water:
- turn the dog head down and press on the chest and abdominal walls,
- another option: lay the dog on the thigh of your bent leg and squeeze the side surfaces of the chest and abdominal walls with jerky movements for 10-15 seconds.
2. To clean the oral cavity from vomit with a handkerchief or gauze. If as a result of muscle spasm it is not possible to open the mouth of the dog, you need to press with your fingers on the corners of the lower jaw with maximum force.
3. Bring the tongue to one side and put a clothespin on its tip.
4. If necessary, carry out artificial respiration and heart massage.
5. Tightly rub the animal with a towel, wrap it up (do not use heating pads) and deliver it to the animal clinic.
- Immediately immobilize the dog, fix it in a lying position - this condition is often ignored, which should not be done.
- Apply a tourniquet above and below the bite site (only with a cobra bite).
- Squeeze out as many drops of blood from the wound as possible, suck blood from the wound from the bite for 10-15 minutes (the poison that enters the stomach and mouth does not cause poisoning).
- Solder the dog with rehydron solution.
- Deliver to the clinic.
Falling from height
Our four-legged friends are sometimes too curious. Such situations are rare, but even dogs can fall from the balcony or the roof of a beloved shed, from where the entire summer cottage is visible. Injury from falling from a height is always fraught with serious damage. Often external damage is minor, but broken ribs (for example) can seriously damage internal organs. Landing on the legs leads to a fracture of the limbs, spine. The head of the dog has a relatively large weight, so often the head reaches the ground first. Therefore, concussions are possible. If your dog fell from a height you need:
- Lay the animal on a healthy side (without visible signs of damage).
- To clear an oral cavity of vomit.
- Since a severe pain reaction is possible, it is necessary to put a muzzle on the dog.
- Put a cold on your head and under your head, you can wrap it with a cold wet towel.
- Give the animal painkillers (analgin, no-shpu).
- In case of limb injuries - apply a tight bandage using the tire to the fracture site.
- Transport the injured animal to a doctor immediately.
The most dangerous injuries are shot, so they cause the most severe pain.You should not waste precious time applying a mirror and other shiny surfaces to the dog’s nose to determine whether your friend is breathing or not. We begin to provide first aid immediately.
- We take the dog out of shock: we do artificial respiration and heart massage (heart massage techniques for dogs are described above), a clothespin on the tip of the tongue (exclude it from falling into the throat), clicks on the ears and tip of the nose (not strong), let the ammonia vapor inhale .
- Cut hair around the wound.
- Apply dressings, if necessary - apply tires.
- With large blood losses, start rehydrating the dog with a rehydron.
Transportation of the animal that received such a wound is undesirable, we call the doctor to the house.
If this is not possible, then transport the dog according to the rules outlined above.
Bite and cut wounds
When providing first aid for such a wound, the sequence of care should not be confused.
- Apply a tourniquet, squeeze a large vessel with your finger, 3% hydrogen peroxide on a bleeding area of the body.
- With a small but prolonged bleeding, apply a cotton swab. Moistened with adrenaline (to do this, open the ampoule and wet the cotton wool).
- Give painkillers.
- Cut hair around the wound.
- Wash the site of injury with water and dissolved household soap or chlorhexidine solution.
- Treat the wound with 40% alcohol or vodka.
- Apply a bandage dressing using adhesive tape or special postoperative dressings.
- Transport the animal to the hospital.
Limb falling into a trap
It is not always possible to immediately release a limb from a trap and it is not always possible to act according to the rules of emergency care. As a rule, the animal is trapped for some time and tries to free itself. Which sometimes leads to sad consequences: fractures, ruptures of muscles and ligaments, torn vessels, ruptures of the skin. All this does not look the best way and it is necessary to show self-control in order to help a dog in such trouble. First of all, you need to put a muzzle on the dog or fix the mouth with any piece of fabric that you can find in this situation. Then you need to stop the bleeding from large vessels. If possible, wash the injured limb with a solution of potassium permanganate, treat with 3% hydrogen peroxide, apply a bandage to the wound. When transporting the animal on its own, you need to put a plastic bag on the injured limb. As soon as first aid measures are provided, we transport the animal to the clinic.
This type of injury is very common in dogs. Initial first aid actions are standard in most situations. Sometimes it happens that in the wound with an open fracture there is a large amount of dead skin. There is no need to torment the dog with endless washes, you need to put a bandage of linen cloth or several layers of gauze on the wound and soak it with hypertonic sodium chloride solution - 4 teaspoons per 0.5 liters of water (the recipe is taken from the book “Everything about Dogs”, authors M. Dorogan and V. Chelnokova). During the day, the dressing must be moistened twice. Then you need to put on top of the dressing. In dogs, it is necessary to give immobility to two joints located above and below the fracture. It is necessary to provide the dog with conditions under which it will be as stationary as possible. After first aid, we take the animal to the clinic for consultation with a doctor and an X-ray.
General body cooling
Such a situation can arise when the dog is in the water for a long time, for example, on a hunt.
- Bring the animal into a warm room or bring it closer to the fire.
- Rub with a warm, dry towel or any cloth.
- Drink warm tea, 50-100 ml. red wine or 50-100 ml. vodka with honey.
- To put an enema with warm water 36-40 0C in the range of 100-200 ml.
- Wrap up heat and, if possible, overlay heaters.
- Consult your veterinarian for further action.
Solar (thermal) shock
It occurs when exposed to external thermal factors and direct sunlight.
- Get the dog in a cool place, shadow.
- Loosen the collar or remove it completely.
- Drink cold water.
- Pour over water and wrap the body in a wet sheet.
Any organism can respond inadequately to such bites. A bee sting can cause a severe allergic reaction. If after a bee sting the animal’s condition began to deteriorate, we begin to act.
- With a single bite, you need to pull out the sting.
- Wipe the bite with alcohol.
- Apply cold to the bite site.
- If signs of an allergic reaction begin to appear on the eyes, lubricate the eyelids with hydrocartisone ointment.
- Drink the dog with sweet tea 1-5 cups.
- Contact your veterinarian.
The only way to remove the fishing hook is to pass it through the skin until a tooth appears and remove it with the help of wire cutters. This is easy to do if the hook is stuck in the paw or body. The procedure will be complicated if the hook is stuck in the area around the muzzle. If the dog swallows the hook on the fishing line, do not try to pull it on your own. This will aggravate the situation, as the hook will stick into the esophagus and damage it. In this case, only the veterinarian can remove the hook.
The causes of nosebleeds can be very diverse.
- It is necessary to provide the dog with peace, take her on a leash.
- Tilt the dog's head up a little.
- Put cold on the forehead and nose.
- Drop 2-3 drops of adrenaline from the ampoule into each nostril.
- Give the dog Vikasol. With severe bleeding, 1.0-2.0 ml. intramuscularly, or 2-4 tablets with moderate.
- After instillation of the nose, lower the dog’s head down (after 30 sec.)
- Remove with a swab a large number of clots from the nasal passages.
An important point of the animal in the country is a bite. Do not neglect anti-mite collars and anti-tick bites. If a tick bites, remove it according to existing rules and consult a veterinarian.
Have your pets vaccinated regularly. And most importantly - do not lose your temper and provide your pet with timely and immediate assistance. Health to you and your pets.
Urgent actions for various types of injuries
Properly helping the injured dog is possible only after identifying the cause of the injury and quickly eliminating it. The most common types of injuries are:
- mechanical impact
- exposure to alkalis or acids.
The primary task of the owner in the provision of first aid is to identify the cause of the injury and eliminate it. So, when exposed to electric current, it is urgent to turn off the power. When overheating, remove the heat source and transfer the animal to a dark, cool place. In the presence of bleeding - stop the blood, with chemical burns with alkalis or acids - eliminate their effect. In case the dog fainted, emergency artificial respiration is required.
Depending on the type of injury, you must adhere to the following recommendations for the provision of first aid:
- Limb injuries and bruises. It is necessary to apply cold to the bruised swollen place, to ensure animal peace. To calm the pain state of the animal, the use of analgin or another analgesic is allowed.
- If the dog fainted as a result head injuries - You can’t move her and try to awaken. Gently lay the animal on its side and remove the collar and muzzle. The tongue should be stuck out, only in this case the dog will not be choked with vomit. A cold compress or ice wrapped in loose tissue should be applied to the affected animal’s head. Urgently call a veterinarian.
- With loss of breath, lack of pulse and heartbeat - urgently need to do the dog artificial respiration. Be sure to call a veterinarian or take your dog to the vet clinic yourself. If you still need to transfer the dog, you need to do this on a hard surface with maximum accuracy. Artificial respiration is carried out as follows: the dog lies on its stomach, the front legs are extended, the tongue sticks out. The owner, standing on the floor on his knees, presses with his hands on the sides of the chest. Pressing with force on the dog’s chest, for about 3 seconds, exhalation occurs. When pressure decreases, inhalation occurs. This procedure is carried out 14 times in one minute. The duration of artificial respiration continues until self-ventilation is established.
- In case of fracture, the owner must tire the dog at the site of damage. As a means at hand, for the tire, you can use any dense material: a ruler, pencil, cardboard, sticks. A properly applied splint tightly fixes the fracture and protects the soft tissue from injury to bone fragments. Analgesin and pyramidone are suitable as a painkiller (0.1 g - 0.2 g - the exact dose depends on the weight of the animal).
- Sprain the dog needs ice on the damaged area. Apply a tight dressing and provide the animal with complete peace. After the provision of first aid, it is worth contacting the clinic for specialized help.
- With bleeding First aid depends on the type and location of the damage. The greatest danger to life is venous and arterial bleeding. To stop blood, you need to apply a tourniquet (belt, rag) above the site of injury and as soon as possible contact your veterinarian. It is also allowed to apply a cold compress to the site of injury.
For quick and effective assistance to a dog, it is necessary to know the algorithm for providing first aid. It must be remembered that first aid is of great importance, because it is from the first minutes that the further state of the animal, and in some cases the life of the pet, depends.
The main types of injuries
Depending on the nature of the injuries and symptoms that accompany the injury, several main varieties can be distinguished:
- Damage to internal organs.
The specificity of injuries, first aid and treatment in different situations
Each type of damage is characterized by its own set of symptoms and its own list of first aid measures.
A bruise in a dog is a fairly common injury, but rarely noted by the owners. This is due to the fact that the pain threshold in the animal is quite high, because bruises without external signs (severe swelling or crushing) go unnoticed under the coat.
A bruise occurs when struck by a blunt object, and is usually accompanied by either the appearance of a bruise or the formation of subcutaneous swelling (hematoma):
- In the first day after a bruise, it is desirable to limit the spread of puffiness by applying cold to the damaged area.
- After 24 hours, minor bruises go away on their own. If the hematoma remains, it is advisable to warm it up (heating pad, dressing with heated salt) for 15-20 minutes 3-4 times a day.
- The skin at the site of the injury 2 times a day is lubricated with special ointments that absorb the hematoma.
Stretching, unlike a bruise, appears with an awkward movement in the joint. The main symptom is soreness with heavy movement or jumping, as well as when feeling the problem area. In the absence of rupture of the ligaments, the stretching usually passes without consequences.
Guidelines for tensile assistance:
- Restriction of the animal’s mobility (it’s enough just not to force the dog to run and jump - it protects the damaged joint itself).
- Cold on the first day after injury, warm in the next 2-3 days.
With such injuries in dogs, treatment in the clinic is not required so often. The exception is situations when bruises accompany more serious injuries (they almost always accompany fractures). It is also worth contacting a veterinarian if the symptoms of sprains do not go away within 3-4 days.
A dislocation is damage that affects the joint. With a dislocation, the natural position of the articular surfaces is disturbed, while they cannot spontaneously return to their place. Characteristic features:
- Swelling at the joint site (swelling and inflammation occur at the site of tissue damage).
- Soreness of the damaged area.
- Restriction of mobility in the joint or vice versa, unnatural mobility (limb bends in a way that it should not bend).
In case of dislocation, it is important to provide basic immobilization of the limb of the animal so that the displacement of the bone does not cause additional damage. After this, the dog should be taken to the clinic as soon as possible - you can not directly dislocate the dislocation in any case. Strong dislocations can be extremely painful, and therefore they give painkillers for dogs with this type of injury quite often - this helps to avoid shock.
Note! It is also undesirable to apply cold to the site of dislocation - cooling the joint can make it difficult to reduce it. Therefore, it is necessary to cool the injury site only for a short period of time, and only if the animal feels severe discomfort.
In contrast to a dislocation, a fracture is not accompanied by a displacement of the bones in the joint, but a violation of the integrity of the bone. Most often, extremities suffer from fractures, but if the dog was injured in a car accident, then the animal can get multiple fractures.
The optimal strategy for a fracture is the most rapid delivery of the animal to the veterinary clinic:
- The damaged area is immobilized in order to minimize tissue damage during the displacement of bone fragments. For immobilization, tight dressings or tires from improvised materials are used.
- Open wounds are treated and closed with sterile dressings.
- The fracture site is cooled to reduce pain.
Today, the main method for treating fractures in dogs is osteosynthesis - the installation of metal fixation elements directly into the bone body or on its surface. The osteosynthesis operation is performed under general anesthesia, after which the dog must undergo rehabilitation within a month. As a rule, with the timely provision of veterinary care, the bones heal well, and the consequences for the health of the animal are minimal.
Wounds and bleeding
A wound is one of the most common injuries in dogs. Most often, this term means any injury accompanied by damage to the skin. Bleeding almost always begins when a dog is injured, but it can sometimes open later — this is typical, for example, of damage received in a fight with other animals.
According to the type of application and the nature of damage to the skin and tissue, wounds are divided into:
- The bitten ones are the result of a fight with another dog or cat.
- Torn - can be obtained in a fight or with severe damage. They are characterized by significant size, profuse bleeding and separation of skin flaps. Claw injuries in dogs with their excess length can also be accompanied by lacerations: the claw, acting as a lever, simply tears off the skin and injures the vessels.
- Cut - their dogs most often get stepping on glass or other sharp objects. Accordingly, paw pads usually suffer, and the extent of the damage directly depends on the weight of the dog.
- Chipped - characterized by a small area, and a large penetration depth. It often happens if a dog runs into a nail or a sharp object. In most cases, they affect the body, not the limbs. The main danger of a stab wound is hidden damage to internal organs.
- Gunshots are another very dangerous category of wounds.In case of a gunshot wound, a bullet, shot or buckshot can penetrate deep into the body, causing heavy bleeding - both internal and external.
A wound is not always an occasion to contact a veterinarian. The regenerative abilities of dogs are very good, because minor damage to the skin integument heals either without human intervention, or with a little help from the owner.
- The wound is cleaned of dirt and objects falling into it.
- Torn off small skin fragments are also carefully removed (it is better to do it right away, because the likelihood that a thin flap will take root is small, but it can begin to rot).
- The wound is washed and treated with an antiseptic.
- The edges of the wound are pulled together and fixed with a sterile dressing.
- After the initial healing has begun, the damaged area is treated with creams and ointments.
With a large depth and length of the wound, profuse bleeding or risk of damage to internal organs, you need to bring the dog to a wind doctor as soon as possible. In this case, the main task of the owner is to stop bleeding and prevent infection of the wound:
- To stop bleeding, it is necessary to squeeze the vessels through which blood flows. This is done manually, using a pressure bandage or tourniquet.
- Wound infection can be prevented by covering it with a sterile cloth and fixing it with a bandage.
Damage to internal organs in dogs and other injuries
In addition to the damage described above, dogs can also suffer from other injuries:
- Injury to a dog’s abdomen due to a blow is almost always accompanied by contusions of internal organs or even their ruptures. Such injuries are dangerous primarily by non-obvious symptoms: they have few external manifestations, and one can suspect something was wrong only by the behavior of the dog.
- Fecal incontinence in a dog after an injury, problems with coordination of movements, limb failure are symptoms of spinal cord damage. They can occur both immediately and some time after the animal has been injured - in the second case, the cause is edema or tissue necrosis.
- A traumatic brain injury in a dog is usually the result of hitting his head against hard objects or the ground. It is accompanied by a loss of orientation and coordination of movements, vomiting. A concussion that occurs with closed craniocerebral injuries can pass by itself - but the absence of serious consequences will ensure only the attention of the doctor.
- Dog corneal injury is another common problem for active breeds. Accompanied by abundant secretion of tears, with severe damage is characterized by soreness. If the cornea has suffered severely (i.e., visually noticeable damage or rinsing with water did not help), it is necessary to bring the dog to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
Recommendations for dog rehabilitation after an injury
Restoring a dog after an injury is a very important process that the owner must strictly control. The first and most important rule is strict adherence to the recommendations of the veterinarian regarding the rehabilitation period. These recommendations differ for different types of injuries in dogs, but the general algorithm is preserved:
- In order for a dog to recover faster after an injury, it is necessary to limit its motor activity. The exception is fractures of the extremities (for example, a dog’s thigh injury), in the treatment of which osteosynthesis is used: in this case, the dosed load from the first days promotes the healing of bone tissue.
- It is important to avoid scratching and cracking dressings and sutures. Sometimes treatment of wounds and scars with drugs with an unpleasant taste and smell helps (the same Chlorhexidine). But some animals ignore this treatment - it is advisable to wear special collars.
- If general anesthesia was used during treatment, feeding should be postponed for at least 12 hours (with a high probability the dog will not eat itself). But access to fresh water should be as easy as possible: put a drinker next to the dog’s sunbed.
- The use of painkillers and antibiotics is only recommended by a veterinarian. If the animal experiences obvious discomfort, it is advisable to re-apply to the clinic for consultation.
And remember that the process of rehabilitation after injuries, especially severe ones, can take up to 3-4 months. Therefore, even an apparently healthy dog should not be subjected to excessive loads in order to avoid complications.
First aid and treatment of injuries in a veterinary clinic
In the previous sections, we focused on the symptoms of injuries in dogs and on the first aid that an animal owner can provide. But the main recommendation remains unchanged - if the seriousness of the injury causes at least minimal concern for the health or life of the animal, the dog should be taken to the veterinary clinic as soon as possible.
Our clinic Aquarius, provides first aid and performs all treated procedures for injuries in dogs. The main arguments in favor of contacting us:
- Operational telephone consultations - both before treatment, and during rehabilitation.
- High qualification of doctors and rich experience of professional veterinary care for injuries of varying complexity in dogs of small and large breeds.
- Modern equipment, including diagnostic equipment and fully equipped operating rooms for surgical interventions.
- Full-fledged postoperative care in a hospital, providing quick recovery after injuries.
Even the most attentive owner will not be able to 100% protect his dog from injury. But it is in our power to recognize the damage in time, provide first aid and deliver the pet to the veterinarian as soon as possible for quick and effective treatment!