Salpingitis, or inflammation of the oviduct in chickens, is a disease that affects laying hens at any age. The farmer must know how the disease manifests itself and what factors provoke its development. This information will help you in time to recognize the problem and begin treatment. Salpingitis, although not contagious, but causes significant damage to the farm, as if untimely detection leads to death.
Causes of ovarian inflammation
Most often, the disease develops as a result of trauma. The problem is often found in young women who have recently begun to rush. Large eggs simply cannot exit the narrow oviduct, and their delay leads to stretching and even rupture of the canal tissue. Falling from a height, a blow can also provoke the development of the inflammatory process. Other causes of salpingitis in chickens:
- Inadequate nutrition. With a lack of calcium and vitamins in the body, laying hens are more susceptible to the development of inflammatory processes in the oviduct.
- Complication after an infectious disease. Any contagious disease greatly depletes the body and causes malfunctions in its work. Since the oviduct in laying hens is the most vulnerable organ, it suffers most often.
- Unsanitary conditions in the chicken coop. The harmful bacteria located on the litter easily penetrate the reproductive organs of chickens through the cloaca, causing pathological processes.
Attention! Experienced poultry farmers warn that it is impossible to artificially accelerate the onset of egg laying in young chickens, you need to wait until the bird reaches puberty. Otherwise, the risk of developing ovarian inflammation is increased.
Symptoms of the disease
Every farmer should know how the disease manifests itself, because early diagnosis will help save the bird. Symptoms of salpingitis at different stages of the disease differ:
- Initially, a decrease in egg production is noted. This is the first alarming symptom, which indicates a deterioration in the health of the laying hen.
- If the chicken is carried, then its eggs are small, shellless or have signs of deformation.
- Appetite worsens, stool becomes irregular, and bowel movements are scarce.
- The bird is sluggish, oppressed, sitting in the corner and laughing, feathers ruffled.
- Further, chickens are obese. The stomach increases in size. This is due to metabolic disorders and the accumulation of cholesterol in the body.
- There is cyanosis of the crest.
- The chicken has difficulty moving or not walking at all because of pain.
- White mucus or yolk mass is released from the cesspool.
- When the inflammatory process is started, the oviduct falls out of the cloaca. This can be seen with the naked eye.
Attention! In rare cases, inflammation of the oviduct in chickens is asymptomatic. It is important to be careful and note any changes in the behavior and condition of the layers in order to detect the problem in time.
You can diagnose salpingitis using the palpation method. Having found that the chicken has stopped laying or its eggs have become smaller, and the bird’s condition has worsened, you need to take it in your hands and feel your stomach. As a rule, it is greatly increased in volume. Sometimes it is visible to the naked eye. When pressed, the chicken feels discomfort, pain.
Methods for treating chickens with inflammation of the oviduct
Salpingitis begins to be treated without delay, otherwise the laying hen will die. A set of measures includes cleaning the oviduct from the contents - a jammed egg, mucus or litter that has penetrated inside. For this, petroleum jelly (20 g) is introduced into the cesspool.
To increase the tone of the walls of the oviduct, hens are injected with hormonal drugs:
- Pituitrin - 50 thousand units twice a day for 4 days.
- Sinestrol (1%) at a dosage of 1 ml.
In complex therapy, antibiotics are used. They help to destroy the pathogenic microflora in the oviduct. During the course of treatment, it is important to improve the nutrition of laying hens. It is best to transfer the bird to a balanced compound feed that contains all the necessary nutrients. Together with food, chicken is given vitamins A and E, which contribute to the regeneration of the tissues of the oviduct. Probiotics are prescribed to restore the microflora of the digestive tract.
Attention! In case of loss of the oviduct from the cloaca, the help of a veterinarian will be needed, who will set the tissue in place. Without experience, do not do it yourself. Incorrect actions can harm the hen.
Chickens who have suffered salpingitis are at increased risk of developing a relapse. Such birds need increased attention and regular inspection. An important role is played by the feeding of birds. Highly productive laying hens should receive adequate amounts of protein, calcium and vitamins. Their diet includes:
- different types of grain
- legumes - peas, lentils,
- vegetables - carrots and pumpkins (sources of vitamin A), fodder beets,
- greens - onions, nettles, alfalfa,
- cottage cheese, boiled fish of white varieties,
- mineral additives - chalk, crushed shells, bone and grass meal, yeast.
The chicken coop needs to be kept clean. The litter, on the surface of which litter accumulates, is ted every week to the full depth. Monthly, its upper layer is updated, adding 5-10 cm of fresh sawdust and peat. Perches, drinking bowls and feeders are disinfected with disinfectants.
Correct lighting in the chicken coop will help prevent the development of salpingitis in young women. Individuals that have not yet matured should not be allowed to start laying eggs ahead of time. To do this, reduce the duration of daylight hours.
For the prevention of salpingitis, poultry farmers give laying hens potassium iodide at a dosage of 3 mg / per individual. The course of taking the drug is 2-3 weeks.
Salpingitis is a disease of chicken eggs. Often, it affects precisely young individuals at the initial stage of oviposition or laying hens with weakened immunity, who have recently undergone an infectious disease. The farmer needs to carefully examine the birds at risk. Early diagnosis helps to take timely action and save the birds.