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Snapdragon, or Antirrinum large

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Antirrinum - one of the most famous perennial herbaceous plants, a favorite of gardeners and a frequent guest of lush flower beds, who earned love with bright and beautiful flowers of an unusual shape with a rich and bright palette of colors.

The florist who planted the antirrinum once will plant it season after season - ease of care and amazingly beautiful color are simply captivating. The branched straight shoots of this plant are folded into a pyramidal dense bush, the lower leaves are opposite, and the upper ones are regular.

The color of the flowers of the antirrinum can be white, pink, yellow, beige, blue, blue or two-colored. There are twenty two species in nature. as you can see pictured, antirrinum most widely represented by large antirrinum ("Snapdragon") and its varieties, which were bred by gardeners more than 1000.

Features

  • Antirrinum buds have a pleasant sour taste: these flowers can be added to salads, ice cream and sorbets, in addition, they contain useful vitamins and give any dish a delicious aroma.
  • In a mild and warm climate, antirrinums are perennial plants, but they do not survive harsh Russian winters, therefore they are used as an annual plant, although they live long enough in greenhouse conditions.
  • If flower growers are interested in a lasting, long and pleasant aroma, then it is worth paying attention to the yellow antirrinums and planting them.
  • Snapdragon is also suitable in the pharmaceutical field: it is widely used to treat various diseases of the liver, stomach, eyes, genitourinary system and colds. A decoction of this plant used to be used as an antidote in the East, as well as mixed with lily oil and it was smeared on the face to improve the color, elasticity and softness of the skin. Despite this, it is extremely dangerous to use it for other purposes than the doctor - it is a very poisonous plant, life-threatening if the dosage is incorrect.
  • There are plant subspecies such as dwarf varieties (15-20 centimeters), stunted ones (20-30 centimeters), mid-sized or half-tall (20-60 centimeters), tall (65-150 centimeters).

Due to widespread worldwide, antirrinum seeds have a small price: from 15 to 20 rubles for a small bag of seeds and up to 40 for especially rare varieties.

Also, flower shops sell seedlings at a price of 20-30 rubles per plant or cassettes with seedlings of 10, 30 and 50 sprouts, costing from 200 rubles for a minimum volume.

Species and varieties

Antirrinum itself is most often represented by the variety "large antirrinum", there are about a thousand different varieties of snapdragons. There are several popular types of antirrinum: large, ampelous and twin. Total species over 1000.

The most famous of them - the large antirrinum, or snapdragon, got its second name in connection with the unusual shape of the flowers: two-lipped, wide below and narrower below, are similar to an open lion's mouth.

Large antirrinums have been grown for more than 500 years as ornamental plants in flower beds, greenhouses and greenhouses. Antirrinumtwinnie, or terry antirrinum - a variety of large antirrinum, one of the most common species in floriculture, has large double flowers of various colors.

Antirrinum twinni is a hybrid plant, unpretentious and surprisingly beautiful. Antirrinumampelous, or antirrinumF1 –– also one of the popular varieties of the large antirrinum.

This plant is a fairly rare hybrid designed specifically for growing in balcony crates and hanging baskets. Unlike other antirrinums, it does not stand, but forms a beautiful "beard" 40-80 cm long.

A lush hanging plant is ideal for growing at a certain height. Due to the variety of species, ease of care and beauty, antirrinum remains one of the undoubted leaders in flower gardens and greenhouses.

Places of growth

Antirrinum is a fairly unpretentious plant that spreads in the Northern Hemisphere, especially in North America. In particular, the most common antirrinum is large. In general, the antirrinum tolerates cold and almost any weather conditions, but does not like drought and excess moisture.

Landing

In order to grow an antirrinum, you don’t need to make a lot of effort, but your work will bring excellent results: this plant blooms from June until the frosts, quite unpretentious and easy to care for. There are two easy ways to grow antirrinum in your own garden.

The first way is landing antirrinum immediately into the ground. This method is more suitable for experienced gardeners, since it requires a lot of attention and experience.
In order to grow healthy and beautiful anti-rhinums, you will need:

  • Antirrinum seeds (you can purchase them at any flower shop).
  • Prepared soil, preferably loamy, carefully weighed. Remove all weed roots to prevent sprouting!

So, you need in May - early June, when the risk of frost will finally pass, to plant seeds mixed with coarse sand on the ground and lightly sprinkle with earth. Top with a film or agrospan and regularly moisten the soil.

This is the easiest way, but it requires a lot of attention and very frequent weeding - with insufficient weeding, the weeds will at first clog the weak and tender sprouts of the antirrinum.

The seedling method of planting an antirrinum will not be difficult even for a beginner. Start planting seedlings from about the end of February until the beginning of April, and do not plant plants until the threat of even minimal frost disappears completely.

You will need:
• Antirrinum seeds (their price is not high),
• Coarse sand (it is not recommended to use building sand: it contains a lot of harmful substances unsuitable for normal development, if you still decided to use building sand - rinse it thoroughly and calcine it for cleaning and disinfection),
• Pans with a diameter of 10 centimeters with drainage holes (they can also be purchased at a flower shop, you can use plastic or ceramic with equal success),
• High-quality expanded clay or polystyrene broken into large parts,
• Compost ground,
• spray with water,
• Glass, cling film or bags,
• Patience.

To grow you will need:

1. Mix the sand with seeds of antirrinum for ease of distribution,
2. Pour crushed polystyrene or expanded clay to the bottom of the pot about 1/5 of its depth, pour sand on top, then composted soil, carefully mixed with sand in a ratio of 3/2,
3. Compact and moisten the soil, gently sprinkle seeds on it with a thin layer, spray it again with water,
4. Cover the plates with a film, a transparent bag or glass, regularly remove condensate and keep the soil moist, maintain a temperature of 22-26 degrees.

After about two weeks, the first shoots appear, then you need to place the plates in a bright, but not sunny place, and after 3-4 days remove the glass completely. Now it is important to care for the sprouts.

The key to success is regular watering (preferably in the morning) and good lighting without direct sunlight. You can harden your sprouts, occasionally placing them on the windowsill, but without exposing them to a direct draft.

When 4 or 5 sprouts appear, you need to pinch the central shoot for better flowering and tillering. In mid-May - mid-June, shoots can be resettled in open ground.

Flower care

Further carefor antirrinum simple enough:

• Antirrinum loves nutritious and rather light soil. An ideal option would be a mixture in equal proportions of soil, peat and sand,
• Tall plant varieties of antirrinum require about half a meter of distance between plants, medium-sized - about 30 centimeters, undersized - 15-20,
• Water the antirrinum only during particularly dry periods, or if the soil is very dry,
• It is important to carefully weed out, preventing them from growing,
• It is not necessary to cover the antirrinum for the duration of frosts: it tolerates temperatures well enough to -5 degrees,
• You cannot plant these plants too close to each other: they get sick with the so-called “gray rot”.

In general, this is all you need to know about growing and caring for a beautiful and fragrant antirrinum plant. it is good for treatment, and in cooking, and, of course, in floriculture. Good luck growing this beautiful plant!

Antirrinum - a wonderful garden summer with flowers of an unusual shape

Snapdragons - touching garden annuals, which can boast of beautiful details and considerable variety. As decorative plants, antirrinums have been grown for more than five hundred years, and their popularity is in no way inferior to its former glory. Moreover, every year, breeders tirelessly develop new improved varieties, the inflorescences of which are striking in size and massiveness.

Antirrinums, or snapdragons (Antirrhinum) in height reaches from 15 cm to 1 m. They can be grown as annuals or biennials. Straight, branched shoots form bushes similar to cones or pyramids, neat, dense and elegant. Shoots are most often green, sometimes with a purple coating. The lower opposite leaves are replaced by alternately arranged upper ones, the shape ranges from oval to lanceolate, but in general the foliage serves more as a background than a visible decoration.

The main pride of snapdragons is unusual flowers. Their original form, which gave the plant a favorite national name, captivates even experienced gardeners. Thanks to unusual flowers, reminiscent of really yawning muzzles and densely strewn with bushes, it is impossible to look away from the antirrinum. Blooming snapdragons seem lush and elegant, festive.

Two-lipped flowers, sometimes double. Collected in fairly dense brush inflorescences. The form, which, when pressed on the side of the flower “opens” like a mouth, is especially noticeable in large varieties and varieties and less pronounced in dwarf snapdragons.

The color palette of snapdragons includes a variety of shades of white, orange, yellow, raspberry, red. Moreover, the colors themselves are varied and varied, sometimes bright and catchy, sometimes delicate, then watercolor, then monotonous or motley ... Each flower blooms for 12 days, and the whole plant blooms for at least three months. The flowering period of snapdragon covers the whole summer and lasts until the very frost. Snapdragon, in addition, is a very aromatic plant that exudes a sugary trail of sweet-honey smell.

Tall snapdragons. © PROVAL Algemesi

Species and varietal diversity of snapdragon

In the genus antirrinum - more than fifty different plant species. But in decorative gardening only one is used - Snapdragon, or large antirrinum (antirrhinum majus) Azarina ( Asarina ), formerly classified as an antirrinum, is today singled out as an independent genus of liana plants.

Despite the fact that snapdragon is a separate type of antirrinum, it is divided into several groups, or species in growth. Yes, and the quantity, assortment of varieties allows you to choose a plant to each according to your taste. There is a perfect snapdragon for any ensemble, even with the most unusual concept and design style.

Among the snapdragons are distinguished:

Tall Antirrinums - spectacular and large accents, grassy annuals with a height of 65 to 110 cm. Their bushes branch weakly, compact and dense, the shoots are as if arranged in rank. These antirrinums are characterized by the most spectacular large and dense inflorescences, which are best suited for cutting. The best varieties include:

  • sortgroup ‘Rocket ’ with rhododendron-like terry flowers,
  • grade ‘Rocket Lemon ’, with light green, delicate coloring of inflorescences, giving inflorescences an extraordinary attractiveness in bouquets,
  • meter grade ‘Rocket Orchid ’ with a rare lavender color of flowers, which distinguishes bushes from ordinary ones and elevates the elegance of the structure of inflorescences to a new level,
  • grade ‘Rocket Golden ’ with golden green inflorescences on peduncles up to 1 m high,
  • grade ‘Rocket Bronze ’ with pink-salmon color, which gives orange and yellow overflows,
  • sortgroup ‘Madam Butterfly ’ with elegant colorful plants and a colorful palette,
  • unusual two-tone variety with a yellow border on pale pink petals ‘Tip Top Irma ’,
  • variety series ‘Tip To ’ with variegated colors, a decorative border on the flowers and a height of about 80 cm (good for decorative compositions, and for cutting),
  • resistant grade ‘Alaska ’ with a very weakly branching, slightly dull bush, but luxurious inflorescences up to 25 cm long and a radiantly snow-white color,
  • the “Vulcan” variety forming narrow bushes about 70 cm high with bright leaves and a yellow-beige tone of inflorescences, very fragrant, but not too dense,
  • narrow pyramidal, early variety ‘Brilliantrosa ’ up to 80 cm tall with half the diameter, very large and spectacular leaves and bright pink, fragrant inflorescences, effectively blooming bushes,
  • also narrow, elegant variety ‘Velvet Giant ’ with reddish leaves, dark purple, casting a blackish red flowers in medium-dense, but surprisingly spectacular inflorescences,
  • grade ‘Cherry Improved ’ with a rich, cherry-pink color of catchy lush inflorescences,
  • grade ‘The Rose ’ with silk, pink flowers of a classical form that breathe romance and classic beauty.

Medium, or semi-high antirrinums - compact, plentiful-colored and more mature varieties with a height of 20 to 60 cm. Bushes in medium-sized antirrinums branch much stronger than the higher varieties, more lush. But they have less inflorescences, which compensates for the possibility of choosing varieties with different flowering periods - from early to very late. The best varieties include:

  • legendary variety Black Prince ’, with dark greenery and seeming black shoots, luxurious dark burgundy color of exquisite flowers, half-meter, noble and unusually spectacular,
  • early flowering varieties Coronette ’, better suited for containerized culture, all antirrinums of the series are very resistant to rust and diseases, there are varieties with a variety of colors from white, yellow, copper and pink to purple (for example, multi-colored varietal mixture Coronette Formula Mix ’),
  • ‘Wildrose’ - a beautiful variety with bushes 40 cm tall and inflorescences up to 20 cm with a loose structure that gives large flowers with rich, medium pink color special expressiveness,
  • grade Golden Monarch ’, unusually sprawling, half-meter, wide, with large leaves and no less large flowers of lemon color, one of the best late varieties,
  • compact half meter early grade Defiance ’ with slender bushes, wide, pink leaves and narrow, unusually rare inflorescences with differently colored yellow, orange and purple flowers,
  • early grade Libesglut ’ with dense, rather narrow bushes and dark foliage color, perfectly emphasizing the beauty of massive cherry blossoms,
  • medium grade Red Chif ’ with massive, lush greenery, which seems dense and dense, but with medium-density inflorescences, albeit a very beautiful carmine color of dark, large flowers.
Mid-height, or half-high antirrinums. © Nemo’s great uncle

Undersized snapdragons - antirrinums with a height of not more than 30-40 cm. Bushes consist of a strikingly large number of shoots, razlogi, semicircular. Inflorescences in varieties are smaller and looser than in medium and large, and among low antirrinums only varieties with medium and early flowering are found. The best varieties include:

  • ‘Crimson Velvet’ about 30 cm tall with dense large foliage and fairly large dark red inflorescences,
  • grade ‘Schneeflocke ’ about 25 cm high, characterized by a spherical shape, elongated leaves and small white flowers in openwork inflorescences,
  • sortoseriya ‘Crown ’ with an average height of bushes of 30-35 cm, ideal for the foreground of flower beds and containers, with a shortened growing season.

Dwarf snapdragons limited to 15-20 cm in height. The bushes branch strongly, as if sprawling. Inflorescences are small-flowered and short, only up to 10 cm in length. The best varieties of miniature antirrinums are:

  • legendary variety with a height of about 20 cm with a spherical shape of a bush ‘Tom-Tumb ’ with very thin shoots, large leaves and short, but amazingly dense inflorescences of bright lemon color with a dark spot on the lip of each flower,
  • sortgroup ‘Floral ’ with unusually compact, dense bushes and a large palette of original plain and colorful colors, bred specifically for pottery culture,
  • sortgroup "Hobbit", In which the flowers are wide open, the bushes seem delicate and elegant, and the colors range from white and yellow to orange, pink and dark red.

Today, ampel varieties are considered as new subspecies of snapdragon. They flaunt wilting, meter-long shoots that look great in hanging baskets and balcony drawers. On sale you can find both the basic variety “Lampion” and its individual forms with improved endurance or new colors.

Snapdragon. © Paul Sullivan

Snapdragon in the design of the garden use:

  • for flower beds and summer leaves,
  • in the design of lush ensembles,
  • for decorating rabatok, flower beds and groups of ornamental plants with long-flowering accents,
  • as a temporary edge under the bushes,
  • in texture mixborders,
  • as a container and pot plant for decorating a terrace, recreation areas, balconies,
  • in flowerpots on socles and stone flower girls,
  • as a cutting crop (including for distillation).

Inflorescences of the snapdragon retain a unique ability not to lose freshness for up to 2 weeks in bouquets, while all the buds of the antirrinum gradually open and not a single one withers closed. But it is better to choose only inflorescences for cutting, in which the first flowers bloomed, and most remain closed in buds.

The best partners for antirrium: marine lobularia, cosmea, sage, mint

Prerequisites for Snapdragon

Due to its plasticity and ability to grow equally effectively under different conditions, snapdragon is rightfully included in the ranks of the best flyers. This handsome man does not like drafts, let alone windy areas. But if you provide him with a comfortable, warm, protected place, then snapdragon will please both on sunny and shaded areas. He cannot stand a strong shadow, but any partial shade will suit him in the same way as open places. If you grow plants for cutting, it is better to pick up solar locations.

Undemanding to the soil is another trump card of snapdragons. He does not like only waterlogging, dampness, which will be fatal for the plant. And he will be able to settle on any medium-moist or dry soils. It reaches a special decorative effect on loam and sandstone. The higher the nutrient content of the soil, the better. For depleted and normal soil, it is better to add fertilizer to the soil during pre-planting improvement. Antirrinums on loam, nutritious, medium-moist and high-quality, bloom best.

Planting snapdragon seedlings in the soil

Before planting snapdragons in the ground, it needs to be improved. The plant reacts especially well to a mixture of complete mineral fertilizers and organics - compost, humus, wood ash. Organic fertilizers are applied at the rate of 3-4 kg per square meter, mineral mixtures - in standard doses recommended by the manufacturer. Digging the soil should include working to a depth of at least 40 cm.

The snapdragons are planted in a permanent place in the garden or in pots and containers for the garden and balconies only after the soil has completely warmed up and the threat of serious night frost has disappeared. The traditional landing date is the second half of May. If pinching was not done before landing, then when carrying it is better to pinch the top.

The optimal landing distance for snapdragon is from 15 cm to half a meter, for small varieties a tight fit is used, for large varieties they leave a lot of space.

Seedlings of snapdragons. © Gardenseedsmarket

Caring for snapdragons

Watering snapdragon is vital. This yearbook is not afraid of only short-term droughts. The snapdragon is watered as the soil dries, as soon as the weather is lacking in moisture. But during irrigation it is extremely important to prevent waterlogging of the soil, its dampness. For snapdragons, it is better to provide several lungs than one too abundant watering.

Another feature of the plant is a preference for morning watering. It is better not to water the snapdragon at night, because the combination of low temperatures and high humidity can lead to decay of the base of the shoots. Water the plant only in the morning, when the temperature begins to rise.

The cultivation and weeding is necessary for the plant only after very heavy rainfall, watering and at an early age. In general, the care of antirrinum is quite common in this parameter.

Fertilizing for antirrinum is carried out only before flowering, but it is better if fertilizers manage to be applied not even 2, but 3 times at the same intervals. It is best to use full mineral fertilizers: so the bushes will not only be beautifully flowering, but also quite lush, attractive, the greens will not suffer.

The snapdragon is beautiful, but only if he is provided with assistance in removing fading flowers. The plant itself does not drop dry petals, and they not only reduce the abundance of flowering, spoil the decorativeness of inflorescences, but also increase the risk of the spread of fungal diseases. It is better not to wait for the flowers to dry completely, but to pick them off immediately after the beginning of wilting.

Snapdragon, Antirrinum large ‘Night and Day’ (Antirrhinum majus). © Select-Seeds

Preservation of flowering antirrinums for the winter

Continuing to bloom snapdragons does not necessarily throw or condemn to death with the advent of frost. In the fall, before the onset of negative temperatures, they can simply be transferred to the pots, trying to minimize injury to the roots and translate into room conditions. There snapdragon will remain attractive for a long time and delight you with its flowering.

In the open soil, only antirrinums that grow in regions with mild climates can winter (hardened plants can withstand frosts down to -5)

Pest and Disease Control

One of the biggest drawbacks of snapdragon is rightly considered extreme exposure to pests and diseases. He even in ideal conditions can present an unexpected unpleasant surprise. Caterpillars, butterflies, fly larvae and a black leg, almost all fungal diseases of ornamental plants from late blight to rust, pose the greatest danger to the antirrinum.

It is almost impossible to deal with problems; it is better to destroy plants immediately. But to prevent problems is much easier: an ungrounded planting, normal care and the right choice of soil that does not allow moisture to stagnate, guarantee success.

Snapdragon. © Nina

Growing snapdragons from seeds

Sowing directly into the open soil in the winter gives bushes blooming only in August, therefore, for the snapdragon, the seedling method is preferred.

Sowing for snapdragons is carried out early, in the first decade of March. Sowing snapdragons is better in large containers or boxes, shallow, in a nutrient substrate. Germination can be achieved both under glass and without it, but seeds that are covered with a film or glass sprout faster. On average, seedlings appear after 10 days. Young plants grow for 2-3 weeks, after which they dive into separate containers.

After a dive, it is better not to water the week, limiting it to spraying only. They grow seedlings of snapdragon under normal conditions, pinching the top for thickening and with moderate watering. Top dressing is applied a week after a dive and again 10 days after the first, using only complete mineral fertilizers. Before taking out the seedlings to the garden, seedlings must be hardened for at least 1 week. Antirrinum is planted in the soil no earlier than the second decade of May.

Self-collection of seeds requires vigilance. Seeds do not ripen at the same time: just like when blossoming flowers, the change first ripens in the lower seed boxes, and then a wave passes through the inflorescences. At the top of the inflorescences, it’s difficult to collect high-quality seeds, so you can simply throw them away using only seeds from two lower thirds of the plant.

The collection must be carried out carefully, immediately after yellowing the boxes, so as not to spill precious small seeds. After self-collection, snapdragon seeds can be used for 3-4 years.

Shoots of snapdragon. © Shenghung Lin

Cuttings of snapdragons

This method is used very rarely, plants require the preservation of uterine bushes for the winter indoors, and a new generation of snapdragons blooms much later and more sparingly. Cuttings root very easily, in plain sand or even water. Cuttings are considered the preferred method of propagation only for terry antirrinums, and even then not all varieties.

Snapdragon (antirrinum) is a perennial spectacular garden plant, easy to care for and grow. Propagated by seeds, seedlings or planting in open ground.

Antirrinum is a family of beautiful ornamental plants that adorn flower beds and slides in urban gardens and in summer cottages. Antirrinum is a Latin name meaning "nose-like" or "nose-like."

Among Russian gardeners, the Russian popular name for the antirrinum, snapdragon, has taken root. Ukrainians call antirrinum - a mouth. Americans, British and Australians call the antirrinum grander - "the dragon's mouth" (Snap dragon).

Antirrinum is a southern plant, thermophilic, naturally growing in the tropics and subtropics. Botanists account for over fifty types of antirrinum, most of which grow in North America.

Breeders bred more than a thousand varieties of antirrinum - starting from dwarf varieties and ending with tall (up to 1 meter) varieties. For connoisseurs of snapdragons, ampelous forms, with drooping shoots, up to one meter long, were developed.

Snapdragon is noted in ancient Greek mythology and has a rich history. The myth tells of the first feat of Hercules (victory over the Nemean lion), mentions the flower Snapdragon - the goddess Flora handed it to Hercules in honor of the victory over the monster. They say that since then there has appeared in Greece the tradition of giving winners the flowers of antirrinum.

Snapdragon in open ground

In the open ground, you can grow antirrinum from seeds, but flowers will only appear in late July - early August and will bloom until frozen. This should be considered when choosing a method of growing.

Outdoor cultivation begins with sowing seeds, in late April - early May. The snapdragon is afraid of freezing, therefore, the crops are covered with a film or covering material.

It is customary to grow snapdragons with curtains measuring 40 × 40 or 50 × 50 cm. In one curtain, planting a curtain, sow seeds with a margin - excess seedlings can be pulled out after.

Popular varieties of antirrinums

Tall Antirrinums - spectacular and large accents, grassy annuals with a height of 65 to 110 cm. Their bushes branch weakly, compact and dense, the shoots are as if arranged in rank. These antirrinums are characterized by the most spectacular large and dense inflorescences, which are best suited for cutting. The best varieties include:

  • sortgroup "Rocket"With rhododendron-like terry flowers,
  • grade "Rocket lemon", With light green, delicate coloring of inflorescences, giving inflorescences an extraordinary attractiveness in bouquets,
  • meter grade "Rocket orchid"With a rare lavender color of flowers, which distinguishes bushes from the ordinary and elevates the elegance of the structure of inflorescences to a new level,
  • grade "Rocket golden"With golden green inflorescences on peduncles up to 1 m high,
  • grade "Rocket bronze"With pink-salmon color, which gives orange and yellow modulations,
  • sortgroup "Madam butterfly»With elegant colorful plants and a colorful palette,
  • unusual two-tone variety with a yellow border on pale pink petals "Tip top irma»,
  • a series of varieties "Tip top"With variegated colors, a decorative border on the flowers and a height of about 80 cm (good for decorative compositions and for cutting),
  • resistant grade "Alaska"With a very weakly branching, slightly dull bush, but luxurious inflorescences up to 25 cm long and a radiant snow-white color,
  • the “Vulcan” variety forming narrow bushes about 70 cm high with bright leaves and a yellow-beige tone of inflorescences, very fragrant, but not too dense,
  • narrow pyramidal, early grade "Brilliantrosa"Up to 80 cm tall with half the diameter, very large and spectacular leaves and bright pink, fragrant inflorescences, effectively blooming bushes,
  • also a narrow, elegant variety "Velvet giant"With reddish leaves, dark purple, casting a blackish red flowers in medium-dense, but surprisingly spectacular inflorescences,
  • grade "Cherry improved"With a rich, cherry-pink color of catchy lush inflorescences,
  • grade "The rose»With silk, pink flowers of a classical form that breathe romance and classic beauty.

Medium, or semi-high antirrinums - compact, plentiful-colored and more mature varieties with a height of 20 to 60 cm. Bushes in medium-sized antirrinums branch much stronger than the higher varieties, more lush. But they have less inflorescences, which compensates for the possibility of choosing varieties with different flowering periods - from early to very late. The best varieties include:

  • legendary variety "Black prince", With dark greenery and seemingly black shoots, luxurious dark burgundy color of exquisite flowers, half-meter, noble and unusually spectacular,
  • early flowering cultivar "Coronette", Better suited for containerized culture, all the antirrinums of the series are very resistant to rust and disease, there are varieties with a variety of colors from white, yellow, copper and pink to purple (for example, a multi-colored mix"Coronette formula mix»),
  • «Wildrose"- a beautiful variety with bushes 40 cm tall and inflorescences up to 20 cm with a loose structure that gives large flowers with rich, medium pink color special expressiveness,
  • grade "Golden monarch", Unusually sprawling, half-meter, wide, with large leaves and no less large flowers of lemon color, one of the best late varieties,
  • compact half meter early grade "Defiance"With slender bushes, wide, pink leaves and narrow, unusually rare inflorescences with differently colored yellow, orange and purple flowers,
  • early grade "Libesglut"With dense, rather narrow bushes and dark foliage color, perfectly emphasizing the beauty of massive cherry blossoms,
  • medium grade "Red chif»With massive, lush greenery, which seems dense and dense, but with medium-density inflorescences, albeit a very beautiful carmine color of dark, large flowers.

Undersized snapdragons - anti-rrinums with a height of no more than the bush consist of a strikingly large number of shoots, razlogi, semicircular. Inflorescences in varieties are smaller and looser than in medium and large, and among low antirrinums only varieties with medium and early flowering are found. The best varieties include:

  • «Crimson Velvet"About 30 cm tall with dense large foliage and fairly large dark red inflorescences,
  • grade "Schneeflocke"Height of about 25 cm, characterized by a spherical shape, elongated leaves and small white flowers in openwork inflorescences,
  • sortoseriya "Crown"With an average height of bushes ideal for the foreground of flower beds and containers, with a shortened growing season,

Dwarf snapdragons limited in height. The bushes branch strongly, as if sprawling. Inflorescences are small-flowered and short, only up to 10 cm in length. The best varieties of miniature antirrinums are:

  • the legendary variety with a height of about 20 cm with a spherical shape of a bush "Tom-tumb"With very thin shoots, large leaves and short, but amazingly dense inflorescences of bright lemon color with a dark spot on the lip of each flower,
  • sortgroup "Floral"With unusually compact, dense bushes and a large palette of original plain and variegated colors, bred specifically for pottery culture,
  • sortgroup "Hobbit", In which the flowers are wide open, the bushes seem delicate and elegant, and the colors range from white and yellow to orange, pink and dark red.

Help provided by Botanichka.ru site

Harvesting snapdragon seeds

To select the seeds of the most beautiful plants, it is necessary that full inflorescences with seed boxes are formed in place of large flowers.

Since the largest flowers are formed in the lower part of the plant, without waiting for the opening of the boxes, they are cut and ripened at home.

Preparation for winter

If you decide to grow snapdragon as a perennial, you need to take care of sheltering the root system of the plant from the cold. This is especially true in Central Russia.

In autumn, cut off all the shoots under the root, and cover the roots themselves with leaves, grass or peat.

If wintering was successful, then in the spring from the rhizomes there will be many processes that can be divided and planted in the garden.

Diseases and pests of antirrinum

When red spots appear on the leaves and stems of snapdragon, it is necessary to treat the plant with fungicides, taking into account the instructions for use of the drug.

Signs of the disease. The plant turns yellow and dries, most often without forming flowers. The base of the stem rots.

Control measures. Timely removal of diseased plants with soil disinfection in the wells with 1-1.5% TMTD, 0.4-0.5% cyneb or 0.2% baseazole. The remaining plants are sprayed with 0.2% baseazole, 1 - 1.5% suspensions of TMTD or Fentyuram.

Blackleg

Signs of the disease. Blackleg (diseases contribute to acidic and moist soil) Affects seedlings and seedlings. The stem is getting darker, thinner. The affected plant wilts and dies.

Control measures. Avoid planting density. Moderate watering, good ventilation, before sowing seed treatment with 1% TMTD or 0.2% baseazole.

Sick plants must be destroyed. The soil in the sowing boxes is watered with potassium permanganate (1.5 g per 10 l of water) or formalin (250 ml of 40% formalin per 10 l of water per 1 m 2). It is necessary to process the days before planting, followed by sheltering the soil for a day.

Signs of the disease. It affects an adult plant. Brown dusty pustules form on the underside of leaves, sepals, and seed capsules. The leaves become stained and dry.

Control measures. When signs of the disease appear, the bushes and the soil around the plants are sprayed with a 1% solution of Bordeaux fluid, as well as a 0.4-0.5% solution of cineb or copper chloroxide. Repeat spraying through

Signs of the disease. The causative agent of the disease - the virus causes mottling of leaves without necrosis: chopping and variegation of flowers.

Control measures. Sick plants are immediately removed and destroyed.

Stem scoops

Signs of the disease. Caterpillars penetrate the lower part of the stem, gnawing a longitudinal course in it. Damaged stems fade.

Control measures. Weed removal. Low clipping of damaged plants and their destruction. Twice spraying the stems with 0.2% chlorophos, starting in mid-May to destroy spawning caterpillars.

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