Ferrets, like most other animals, are susceptible to infection by parasites. Probably the most common of these are ticks and fleas. If you don’t take any actions when trying to infect them and do not try to get rid of them, they can cause serious harm - perhaps not only to your pet, but to the whole family.
So let's take a closer look at what the symptoms are and how in such cases our pets should be treated.
Ear mites can spread among cats, dogs and ferrets through the same habitat - even if, say, they sleep in the same place with an interval of several hours. Most often, if only one pet gets ear mites, there is a very high probability that others will become infected from it. For humans, the tick is not dangerous. Ticks injure the skin, waste products irritate nerve endings, causing itching. In addition, affected areas of the skin can be seeded with microflora, exacerbating inflammation in the auricle.
What are the external signs of infection? Animals with ear mites begin to scratch their ears and shake their heads, as if trying to shake out water from their ears. Often black or dark brown discharge appears from the ears.
But the only way to finally make sure that this is an infection with an ear tick is an examination of earwax for the detection of a tick. The life cycle allows this parasite to grow from an egg into an adult in three weeks. It is almost impossible to fight eggs - the drugs do not work on them, they only deal with the hatched ticks, so treatment is usually carried out several times with an interval of 1-3 weeks to make sure that the ticks have been eliminated and new ones will not grow from the eggs.
Dog, cat and human fleas can parasitize ferrets. Most often, ferrets get ctenocephalides felis - that is, cat fleas. However, if the ferret is walking on the street, he can “pick up” another look - it does not matter, since they are all treated in one way. In addition to the inconvenience, fleas also pose a real danger to the health of ferrets - they not only cause severe itching, but also are intermediate hosts for some helminths, carriers of pathogens of a number of diseases, their suction of blood from the skin can lead to anemia of the animal. Sometimes flea bites can even cause an allergy, which leads to hair loss.
It is important again to remember the flea life cycle, to deal with adults once is a sound idea, but it will not completely save you from the problem of fleas. It is necessary to carry out treatment in several stages: first, adults are removed, then the procedure is repeated several times in order to get rid of eggs. Cope with fleas, modern drugs produced in any form (powders, repellents, sprays). To destroy them sooner, it is recommended to completely change the litter in the ferret’s cage, thoroughly wash and scald the cage with boiling water - and so do it regularly, otherwise the fleas will return again.
Subcutaneous mite lesions Sarcoptes scabei has a characteristic clinical karate - itching, alopecia, dermatitis. Ticks are found in scraping. The doctor prescribes treatment (administration of ivermectin 400 mcg / kg, a single repeat after 2 weeks - only under the supervision of a doctor, use of special drops at the withers).
Ticks carry many dangerous diseases, including encephalitis. If you take walks with your pet, take precautions against ticks - use special medications that scare them away. If the trouble nevertheless happened and the tick appeared on the body of your pet, remove it with the help of special tools or tweezers with thin tips - grab it by the head and gently drag it without jerking or twisting.
It is most reliable to kill a tick by dropping it in a container with alcohol (gasoline, kerosene, cologne, nail polish, vegetable oil). If you simply lower it into the toilet, it will not die.
Worms in ferrets are diseases caused by parasitic worms, helminths. Many are dangerous to humans.
The following worms can be found in ferrets: nematodes, cestodes, trematodes and pulmonary worms. When infected with worms, the following symptoms occur: dull fur, emaciation, diarrhea, vomiting, mucus and blood in the feces. All of them, however, can also occur with other diseases - most accurately, the presence of worms in the animal’s body will be analyzed by feces.
The most dangerous worms for puppies (to a lesser extent - for young ferrets). The presence in the puppy's body of intestinal parasites can lead to a significant delay in growth and even death of the animal. In adult ferrets, worms can be without symptoms at all. Puppies can either be excessively thin, or vice versa, a disproportionately enlarged stomach can be observed.
To get rid of worms, the ferret is given a medicine prescribed by the veterinarian, calculated by body weight (usually in these cases anthelmintic preparations for cats are used). Moreover, the treatment must be carried out twice - with an interval of 10 days, because the first time the medicine will kill only adult parasites, and the eggs are very persistent and remain in the body after treatment.
The medicine is also given for prophylaxis twice a year and especially before vaccinations (if a ferret infected with worms is vaccinated, the risk of post-vaccination complications and infection of the ferret with infectious diseases is high).
Treatment of ferrets with advanced forms associated with the death of a large number of parasites. This can cause complications such as intoxication and blockage of the intestines with dead worms. To avoid this, it makes sense, after giving the medication for parasites, give the ferret vaseline oil, but only if this does not contradict the instructions for the drug. It is better to consult veterinarians for the treatment of such advanced cases.
Material prepared using online resources.
Do not self-medicate your ferret - contact your recommended veterinarian.
Worms in cats: photos, names, types and how they look
Not only people are affected by worms, animals, including domestic ones, are more infected with helminthiases. In this case, infection of domestic animals occurs even if they do not go out and do not contact with other individuals of their kind. The article discusses the types of worms in cats.
- Types of helminths in cats
- Flat flukes
- Common symptoms of helminthiases
- Treatment and prevention
A domestic cat can catch a helminthiasis during a walk (eggs of worms live in soil, water, on grass), when eating meat and fish that have not undergone heat treatment, as well as when using unwashed vegetables. Fluffy pets can swallow parasite eggs with dirt, sand, which the owner brings from the street. Such diseases are dangerous not only for cats, but also for the person himself, since subsequently the pet can become a source of helminthiasis.
Types of helminths in cats
Helminths of different species can parasitize in cats' organisms, as a rule, these are nematodes (roundworms), cestodes (tapeworms) and trematodes (flat flukes). Depending on the type of parasite, the disease can affect the intestines of the animal, its liver, gall bladder, heart, lungs.
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The most common worms in cats are roundworms, of which there are a lot of varieties. The most frequent “guests” in cats are roundworms. Their appearance resembles spaghetti, worms can reach 5 centimeters or more in length (the photo shows how the worms look in cats). Kittens become infected with ascariasis through their mother’s milk, while an adult cat lets worms into its body by eating rats and raw meat, as well as by contact with animals.
Worms form clusters in the intestine, clog the bile ducts, and damage the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines. They have a strong toxic effect on the body.
Other nematodes that can parasitize the body in cats:
- Hookworms. Hookworms - round worms about 2 millimeters long (look at the photo), feed on blood.
- Toxascarides. In length, this nematode reaches 3-5 centimeters, parasitizes in the liver and in the digestive tract. In the cat's body, helminth is very often inactive, and therefore for a long time may not provoke the appearance of symptoms.
Cestodes are long and flat worms, capable of reaching a length of 70 centimeters. The cestode bodies consist of numerous segments, each produces larvae (the photo shows the cestode body consisting of segments). A cat can become infected with tapeworms if its food consists of raw meat or raw fish, but it also takes into account meat and fish that have not undergone sufficient heat treatment. Invasion is also possible through carriers of cestodoses - fleas.
Tapeworms parasitize on the walls of the small intestine. Detection of diseases caused by tapeworms is much easier, since it is often possible to find segments near the anus that produce helminths.
Types of cestodes parasitizing in cats:
- Ribbon (cause diphyllobothriasis). Lentets, of which the most common tape is wide, can reach 1-1.5 meters in length. Parasitizes this type of worm in the intestine.
- Cucumber tapeworm (causes dipylidiosis). Cucumber tapeworms reach 20-30 centimeters in length, have a grayish color (shown in the photo). Parasitize in the intestines.
- Alveococcus (causes alveococcosis). Small worms, their length does not exceed 1-4 millimeters. Parasitize in the intestines.
Trematodes are white filamentous worms whose bodies are equipped with suction cups. With the help of suction cups, they are attached to the walls of the intestine, causing damage to the mucous membrane of a mechanical nature, and also have a toxic effect. Trematodes are much less common than the previous two types of helminths, however, it is the worms of this species that pose a mortal danger to cats.
Cat infection can occur by contact with the feces of a sick animal, by contact with invasive soil, and by eating freshwater fish. Flukes are parasites that can destroy internal organs and tissues. Parasitize not only in the intestine, but also in the liver, bladder, lungs.
Trematodes parasitic in cats:
- Pulmonary trematode (causes paragonimiasis). The pulmonary fluke reaches 0.3-1 centimeter in length (look at the photo). Parasitizes in the animal’s lungs, forming cysts and destroying pulmonary cells.
- Opisthorchis. Opisthorchises reach five millimeters in length, parasitize in the liver, pancreas and gall bladder.
Common symptoms of helminthiases
Detect helminthiasis in a kitten or an adult cat according to characteristic symptoms. As a rule, the most important signs of all helminthiases are similar. So, what can be the symptoms of a disease in a cat:
- Violations of the stool, a characteristic sign will be both diarrhea and constipation, there is also the possibility of alternating diarrhea with constipation.
- Attacks of vomiting, in severe cases, worms or impurities of blood will be present in the vomit.
- In the feces of the animal and on its hair, worm segments can be seen.
- Kittens and adult cats begin to ride on the fifth point, due to severe itching of the anus.
- In feces there may be impurities of mucus and blood.
- Swollen and rounded belly.
- Unreasonable weight loss.
- Lack of appetite, or its strengthening.
- Labored breathing.
- Lag in development.
- Hair loss, exhausted appearance, fatigue.
- Yellowness of the mucous membranes.
- Seizures and paralysis of limbs in severe cases.
If such symptoms are detected, it is necessary to immediately show the animal to the veterinarian and undergo the diagnostic tests prescribed by him (as a rule, fecal analysis). After diagnosis, the veterinarian will prescribe the necessary treatment for a furry pet.
Treatment and prevention
Treatment of a sick animal is carried out using anthelmintic drugs, such as Praziquantel, Pirantel, Drontal, Canikvantel and others. The doctor appoints the first row drug and its dosage individually for each patient.
For the prevention of worms in cats, it is necessary to conduct timely deworming using special complexes. It is important to observe hygiene in the tray, a place for sleeping, wash your paws after a walk, and exclude the possibility of dust and dirt entering the house.
What are the signs and symptoms of parasites in the intestines?
When a person has parasites in the intestines, there is nothing positive about it. Parasites cause many concomitant diseases, eating our vital resources. They make us nervous and prevent us from getting enough sleep. It is urgent to get rid of them as soon as you find out about their presence in your body.
The main symptoms of intestinal infestation
But many infected with worms face a common problem. Symptoms of parasites in the human intestines are not obvious. They may reflect other diseases. At first, they can be confused with a simple intestinal disorder and not be too worried.
If symptoms of infection began to appear in you or your loved ones, do not lie to yourself and decide that you ate a spoiled product (although this is not excluded). Consult a specialist, check for parasites and undergo the necessary treatment.
Symptoms will appear depending on the type of worms that have found shelter in the human intestines. But there are a number of common ones by which you can identify the invasion and take urgent elimination measures:
- Constipation, bloating.
- Weight loss, rapid weight loss with normal or increased appetite.
- The manifestation of skin allergic reactions.
- Nervousness, depression, problems with normal sleep.
- Immune system disorders.
- Muscle pains.
- An almost complete lack of vigor, even with proper nutrition and sleep patterns.
First of all, parasites in the human intestines organize stool problems for their host. They reproduce quite actively, begin to block the intestines in one or several places. The stool does not pass, the carrier suffers from frequent constipation and bloating, associated with a strong accumulation of intestinal gases.
And due to substances released by a number of parasites, the stool can still become watery.
Constipation with diarrhea and gas formation is an unpleasant signal associated with unambiguous violations of internal systems. They can talk about other diseases, so leaving them just like that, even if they are not accompanied by other symptoms, is impossible.
Immunity suffers from invasion. This can be manifested by allergic reactions, the appearance of rashes on the skin, itching. Worms cause allergies in humans quite often. And at the same time they like to travel to different parts of the body, using our muscles as “transport routes”.The likelihood that you have helminths in the intestinal area is very high if you observe:
- stool problems
- all the muscles ache
- teeth grind in a dream.
But those who can eat, but not get fat, are often joked about the appearance of worms. Yes, some people have an accelerated metabolism, due to which they eat a lot and do not gain weight. But it will be difficult to confuse a normal reaction for an organism with infection, because such symptoms will appear in people for whom an accelerated metabolism is not peculiar. Appetite rises, weight does not gain, on the contrary - leaves.
Worms are voracious creatures, most of the nutrients go to them.
Therefore, such problems are observed, and the feeling of hunger begins to accompany constantly. This hunger of yours belongs, unfortunately, not only to you.
The human body experiences constant stress during helminthic invasion. This stress translates into sleep problems. It is difficult to fall asleep, it is impossible to get enough sleep, constantly tends to sleep. And in a dream, those infected with parasites often grind their teeth. If you notice such symptoms in a loved one, then this is the first reaction of the body to worms.
Problems with sleep and immunity cause:
- depressive conditions
- a significant decrease in performance.
Nervous and mental disorders can be one of the most dangerous signs of helminthiasis. After getting rid of parasites, immunity will begin to recover, while it will be necessary to work further with mental and nervous disorders.
Symptoms of infection with intestinal parasites can be very different.
Helminthiasis, if not taken on time, will certainly lead to disruptions in the proper functioning of all other internal systems, not just the intestinal one.
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So, even if you just suffer from intestinal disorders and think that they are caused by poor-quality food, it’s worthwhile to turn to specialists again and get checked.
What diseases can be confused
To confuse the presence of human parasites in the intestine is possible with so many diseases. These diseases can really be diagnosed in you even if the presence of helminths in the intestinal region is confirmed. If you do not get rid of them on time, other diseases and pathologies may develop. Immunity is violated, problems with internal organs are observed, diseases are actively developing.
Here are some diseases and conditions of the body with which you can confuse helminthic invasion:
- liver or kidney problems
- functional disorders of the intestines,
- psychosomatic diseases
- neurosis and constant stress.
One disease or condition does not exclude the possibility of parasites inside your intestines! You can’t forget about this, additional testing for invasion will not hurt you, even if you do not grind your teeth in a dream, but only a couple of symptoms are counted.
What parasites settle in the intestines
You can look at the photo of those helminths that settle in the intestinal region. There are a lot of them on the network. However, you should not specifically look for them if you are susceptible and prone to hypochondria.
Most often in the intestines live:
Many mothers are familiar with pinworms and roundworms. It is necessary in the children's team for one baby to catch pinworms, so everyone will pick up the rest, and with them their parents and relatives. Infection of children's intestines with pinworms is like a real epidemic, because not all kids already understand the need for personal hygiene.
One good thing is to get rid of these helminths is simple.
Ascaris worms enter the body through the mouth. Sources - poorly cooked food, dirty hands, not washed vegetables with fruits. Larvae enter the mouth, and from there, through the digestive tract, they are already transported to the intestine, where they are fixed with their body and begin to proliferate and deplete the host organism.
A wide ribbon tape is twisted in the intestine and absorbs useful substances from its walls with its whole huge body. This worm is huge. And he can live inside a person for 25 years. Symptoms of infection can be unpleasant and stunning. For example, a worm is capable of dropping its tail. And when this tail leaves the intestines, the owner is hardly too happy. Even the photos with this monstrous long-lived worm are staggering.
Purification of the intestines from parasites
Before getting rid of the parasites that settled in the intestine, you must first make sure that they really are there. If you do not see worms in the feces, but suspect that they are still in the intestines, be sure to go to a specialist and get tested. If you see - even more so.
Only after determining the type of helminth can treatment be prescribed.
There are two main ways of getting rid - medication and folk. Only the attending physician should prescribe medications. Folk remedies last much longer, but do not poison your body along with parasites additionally.
As preventive measures, it is not worth taking medications aimed at poisoning and expelling parasites. But you can use folk periodically. But also consult with specialists in advance.
How to protect yourself from intestinal parasites
You can protect yourself from the appearance of parasites in the intestine. To insure, however, in practice it will not work. Helminths appear even in the organisms of the cleanest people. Just the probability of their appearance is much less.
The basic rules for ensuring your body is safe from parasites:
- Hygiene. Public latrines can infest with parasite larvae. And after the street you should wash your hands. And children should be taught not to put their fingers in their mouths.
- Heat treatment. Meat and vegetables are worth cooking. And those that are used raw - wash thoroughly, preferably not with running tap water. Larvae of parasites may also appear in it.
- Taking preventive measures. You can just regularly eat a clove of garlic. It creates an unpleasant environment for parasites inside a person in which they simply do not live. Or periodically take some other popular means of security.
- Timely consultation with a doctor. Do not miss the symptoms, do not let the worms get comfortable in your intestines and begin to multiply!
The specialist will definitely prescribe the correct treatment when you contact him. It is impossible to start the appearance of helminths, this is fraught with other diseases, the symptoms of which may resemble invasion.
Parasite worms living in the human body
Parasitism is a kind of coexistence of some organisms in which one uses the other as a means of food or habitat.
A parasite is an organism that attaches to the body of its owner and lives at its expense. There are parasites at the place of localization - ectoparasites and endoparasites.
Ectoparasites are creatures that parasitize on the surface of the body without penetrating the internal environment (fleas, lice, leeches).
Endoparasites - need an internal existence, they like to live in the body. During evolution, the endoparasitic individual lost all the organs necessary for independent existence, therefore its life outside of another organism is impossible.
The owner is an individual that provides the necessary conditions for the life of a parasitic individual. Plants, animals, people are influenced by parasites.
Relationship - Human and Parasitic
Parasitic individuals invade the body without invitation, and few people like uninvited guests. The unpleasant appearance and mode of existence of these living creatures is disgusting for many people.
Some types of parasites, getting into the human body, can go unnoticed for a long time. As a rule, the damage to the human body is initially minimal, so they can use it for their own purposes for a long time.
Primary infection with parasites is manifested by symptoms similar to other diseases, so that a person does not even suspect that his body has become the habitat of parasites.
Toxins produced by pests cause micro-poisoning, which over time ceases to be actively expressed, i.e. signs simply disappear. The human body adapts and stabilizes. On its own, the human body is unable to get rid of new neighbors, this requires appropriate therapy based on strict hygiene measures, the use of drugs that act on a certain type in different ways.
For a fruitful treatment, the doctor needs to know what type of parasites the patient needs to be rid of, because for each type it is necessary to choose the appropriate drug taking into account human characteristics: allergies, intolerance to the components, additional diseases that must be taken into account during treatment.
- protozoal (protozoa),
- other parasites.
Protozoan parasites, their localization, symptoms, methods of infection, prevention and treatment methods
The simplest organisms within humans cause protozoal infections or protozoa. The simplest parasites that live in the human body are localized depending on their variety.
About 50 species of simple organisms leading a parasitic lifestyle are counted, among them the most dangerous:
The localization of the simplest organisms due to their size is huge, they can penetrate into hard-to-reach vital parts of the organs with blood and lymph flow, colonize them and gradually destroy them.
Organs subject to placement: myocardium, nervous system, brain, intestines, etc.
Malicious microorganisms must be diagnosed at an early stage of spread in order to avoid irreparable changes due to their vital functions, as well as other possible invasive consequences.
- bloody diarrhea
- mucus in the stool
- fever, chills,
- pain in the right hypochondrium (associated with liver damage).
- Bacterial analysis of feces. Endoscopic examination.
- Precautions to be observed for the prevention of amoebiasis.
- Hand disinfection when visiting crowded places. Adhere to the sanitary standards of the house. Heat-treat food and water.
- The method of dealing with an already developed disease is prescribed exclusively by the doctor.
Balantidiasis - a disease caused by balantidia
It is characterized by the formation of erosion in the intestine. The carriers are sick pigs whose feces contain forms of parasites that can give rise to the disease. Sick dogs and even humans in some cases can also be carriers. Alimentary transmission.
- elevated temperature, unstable, spasmodic,
- diarrhea up to 20 times a day,
A consequence of a progressive disease can be bleeding. With such symptoms, an urgent need to call a doctor.
The disease caused by Leishmania is characteristic of subtropical and tropical countries, the transmission route is due to insect bites (transmissible transmission route).
Leishmaniasis is characterized by an increase in body temperature, chills, a decrease in appetite and body weight up to cachexia. Leishmaniasis damages the skin, nasal mucous membranes, cough appears in the later stages, which is associated with the spread.
Leishmania in the lungs
Trypanosomiasis, like leishmaniasis, is transmitted by transmission. A fatal disease that can be cured if medical attention is immediately obtained.
Symptoms - fever, headache, joint pain, skin itching.
Human parasites transmitted only sexually - chlamydia, Trichomonas.
Diseases caused by these microorganisms provoke inflammation in the urinary system in both men and women.
The development of the disease leads to infertility in both sexes, as well as damage to the mucous membranes in the body. A sign of the disease is discomfort during urination, mucopurulent discharge.
Helminth infections of the human body
Helminthiasis is a disease caused by lower worms, helminths. There are several groups of helminths:
Biohelminths are a group of parasitic worms that need several hosts to achieve their own maturity, each stage of their development needs certain conditions.
Geohelminths are a group of helminths that does not require an intermediary for development into an adult.
Helminths come in three types:
- type flatworms, class tapeworms,
- type flatworms, class flukes,
- type of roundworms.
Type flatworms, class tapeworms
Frequently encountered representatives of this class: bovine tapeworm, echinococcus, wide ribbon. Relate to biohelminths.
Bull tapeworm begins its life in the cow’s body, where a larval form is formed from the egg, which when it enters the human body with food (a poorly fried steak, for example) forms in an adult, mature, continuing to inhabit the body.
The larval forms of the broad tapeworm develop in fish. This type of parasite is a biohelminth. The reason for infection with flatworms is insufficient heat treatment.
Type flatworms, class flukes
The most common representatives of this class are the hepatic fluke and the cat fluke.
Hepatic trematode parasitic in the liver of cattle. A person can become infected with this species if he drinks untreated water. Infection is possible when eating insufficiently thermally processed or slightly salted fish.
The class of tapeworms and flukes is an obligate parasite; they are unable to live outside the body.
Type roundworms. Typical representatives: roundworm, pinworm, whipworm.
Roundworms - parasite worms that live in humans, eat food that we eat ourselves, so a sign of the disease is weight loss due to increased appetite.
Ascaridosis infection occurs by swallowing mature eggs with vegetables, fruits, or by contact with sick pets. With blood flow, worm eggs spread throughout the body, including the lungs, in which case cough with blood sputum and specific pain behind the sternum can be observed.
Roundworms emit very allergenic toxins, which cause various reactions in the mucous membranes and on human skin. In the stomach, a parasitic worm causes discomfort, upset stomach, diarrhea.
Pinworm causes enterobiasis disease. It enters the body by swallowing eggs of worms, which can be on dirty hands, vegetables. Fecal-oral route of transmission, directly from person to person.
A sexually mature worm that lives in the lower part of the small intestine or in the upper part of the large intestine feeds on its contents, as well as intestinal bacteria. Worm eggs can also be carried with the hair of pets, but the animals themselves do not suffer from this. Regardless of the type, helminthiasis has a number of common symptoms.
- lesions of the mucous membranes of the eyes - conjunctivitis,
- loose stools
- bruxism (gnashing of teeth during sleep),
- itching in the anus
- weight loss with good nutrition and increased appetite,
- allergic reaction (rash covering the body, itching).
Some types of helminthiasis manifest themselves in the early stages of development, after the human body adapts to a new roommate, and the person does not notice his presence at all, with the exception of some symptoms that still remain, but the person adapts to them.
Depending on the location at the time of development, individuals distinguish between methods of transmission of helminths:
- contact household
- food (insufficient heat treatment of the product).
The consequences of parasitic diseases:
If the cause of the disease is the simplest, then the consequence can be severe changes in the structure of the tissues of the organs, up to a violation of the functions of the organ and further death.
Some protozoa (Leishmania, trypanosome) within a few days lead the human body to serious irreversible consequences, bring it to death in a short time.
Diseases provoked by the presence of helminths most often lead to intestinal obstruction (to eliminate this pathology, you have to resort to surgical intervention), jaundice, and cirrhosis. Aspiration of parasites in the lungs leads to death.
Infection with parasites during pregnancy
Pregnant women need to be vigilant and prevent the development of pests in their body, because the fetus does not yet have its own immunity, organs are only laid, harmful organisms and helminths overcome the placenta, and also with the blood stream enter the baby's body and harm him.
The mother is unable to protect the baby with her immunity, so you need to know the precautions, prevention and symptoms that cause worms that parasitize the human body.
Which worms living in the human body disappear on their own?
Subject to all hygiene rules, pinworms themselves leave the body. The main thing is to avoid repeated self-infection. All other types of worms, living and parasitic in the human body, must be removed with the help of medications.
In order to prevent helminth infections, it is enough to observe sanitary and hygienic standards, carefully monitor hand hygiene, carry out disinfection after visiting public places with alcohol wipes, while preparing food, monitor its readiness, thoroughly heat-treat.
What you need to know about it
Animals kept at home are also at risk for infectious diseases, like those that live in kennels or have free range.
Viruses and bacteria, as well as the simplest fungi that cause diseases in ferrets, have an extensive habitat and numerous transmission routes, so many diseases quickly become epidemic, which entails the mass death of animals.
Since ferrets live near us, many diseases that are dangerous to them also threaten our health. However, a sick person is also dangerous for his pet, therefore, in contact with the animal, one should adhere to the recommendations of veterinarians and observe personal hygiene rules.
This transmission method is the most common among animals. Infection occurs when interacting with sick individuals, when ferrets sniff each other, or a healthy animal sniffs and licks the feces and excrement of the patient.
Microbes can also be transmitted by using cages, toys, bowls, bedding and care items that were used by a sick pet.
In addition, it is possible to transmit the infection at a distance when the pathogenic bacteria are contained in the inhaled air.
This route of infection is possible with ferret bites by blood-sucking insects that transmit many infections or with bites by other mammals (especially wild and stray animals) during a fight or attack.
Viruses can be introduced into the body through wounds, scratches, and worsening of the wound surface.
Dangerous for ferrets infections:
- herpes virus
- Lyme disease
- infectious hepatitis
- parvovirus enteritis
- carnivore plague
- acute tracheobronchitis (nursing cough)
Invasive diseases are the result of the vital activity of parasites (ticks, fungi, worms, protozoa) that exist at the expense of their host.
All types of fish, birds and mammals, including humans, can be sources of invasions. The pathological state of a ferret can be caused not only by adults, but also by their larval forms, which is sometimes difficult for diagnosis and treatment.
Any damage to the skin and coat, problems with the gastrointestinal tract, weight loss, itching of the body and anus, pathology of the ears, etc. should not be ignored by the owner.
These symptoms indicate the presence of parasites and should be subjected to a thorough analysis, since they are dangerous for people, especially for babies.
Diseases caused by parasites:
- flea dermatitis
Remember that man is also a source of invasion for the animal! If there are signs of an infectious or parasitic disease, immediately seek help from a specialist who treats ferrets and follow his recommendations.
If you comply with the veterinary standards of keeping and caring for the animal, take timely measures to prevent diseases (sanitation, vaccinations, deworming, etc.), and also observe personal hygiene, then your pet’s health is not in danger.
You can use the free consultation service and get tips to help you keep your pet healthy.