Hemanthus Katarina is a bulbous perennial growing on rocky hills in South Africa. A large rounded bulb, half rising above the ground, reaches a diameter of 8-10 cm.
The sheaths of the leaves also form, like Krinum, a false stem, although much shorter (15-20 cm). The leaves are leathery, can reach 40 cm in length and 15 cm in width, wavy along the edge, grooved in the lower half. An umbrella-shaped inflorescence up to 25 cm in diameter consists of red-orange flowers, & quot; shaggy & quot, from protruding stamens. Peduncle height reaches 60-80 cm.
Annual cycle (growth, flowering). Hemanthus leaves remain green year-round. It blooms in summer or autumn. In winter, the plant goes through a period of relative dormancy.
Needs (light, water, soil, temperature). In summer it requires light maintenance and moderate watering; recommended windows are east, west, south. In winter, the content is cool, the desired temperature is 10-15 & # 39, C, but you can just keep it on the window close to the glass. Watering at this time is rare. Unlike white flowering hemanthus, Katarina’s hemanthus is resistant to direct sunlight ...
Hemanthus belongs to the bulbous perennial plant, grown as a houseplant. The genus has more than 50 species.
In floriculture, only two species are common - the city of white-flowered and the city of Katerina. Valued for decorative and long flowering. Inflorescences are large, white, orange or red.
Care and cultivation of hemanthus
For the growth of hemanthus, not deep, wide pots are chosen. The substrate is used loose and nutritious. Good drainage is laid at the bottom of the pot. When planting, the upper part of the bulb is not buried. Hemanthus prefers bright diffused light, while the plant is shaded from direct sunlight. The flower is kept at a temperature of about 20 degrees. In summer, a pot with a plant, if possible, is taken out to fresh air. In this case, the plant is protected from rain and direct sunlight. The leaves are periodically wiped with a damp cloth, cleaning from dust. Watered sparingly, so that between waterings the top layer of the substrate had time to dry. Excess moisture adversely affects the condition of the plant. Starting in September, watering is being cut. Top dressing is applied 2 times a month ...
Hemanthus (Haemanthus) - a family of Amaryllis. There are about 50 species of herbaceous bulbous plants common in tropical regions of Africa and on the island of Socotra. Two types of hybrids are known in room culture.
White-flowered hemanthus (Haemanthus albiflos). Homeland - South Africa. Grows on the rocky slopes of the mountains, in thickets of shrubs.
A well-known garden form with pubescent leaves and pink stamens.
The bulb is usually round, sometimes slightly compressed laterally, green, up to 12 cm in diameter. The outer covers are juicy, most of the bulbs are located above the ground. Leaves in a bilateral outlet (usually 2–4, sometimes up to 6), relatively thick, shortened, belt-like, rounded at the apex, 15–20 cm long, 6–9 cm wide, ciliated, dark green along the edge. Veins are not visible. The flowers are collected in a dense umbrella at the end of a fleshy leafless peduncle up to 20 cm long, partially surrounded by five whitish-green bracts. The perianth is reduced, so only white stamen filaments and yellow anthers are visible in the inflorescence. Fruits - juicy red or orange-red single-seeded berries.
Hemanthus Katharina (Haemanthus katharinae).…
Hemanthus Katharina (Haimanthus katharinae) - photo, care, reproduction.
Hemanthus Katharina (Haimanthus katharinae) - photo, care, reproduction.
Description. Hemanthus Katarina is a bulbous plant with thickened roots. Bulbs of adult Katarina hemanthus about 6-8 cm in size.
In early spring, it grows up with a dense, rather thick false stem up to 15 cm tall, bearing at the top a rosette with 4-5 leaves or an umbrella made of light green soft, tapered, grooved along the central vein, long (up to 40 cm) leaves, similar to leaves Krinum.
In late spring or summer, near the stem of the hemanthus Katarina, a stalk appears thick, up to 50-60 cm tall, spotted at the base, on which a capitate inflorescence up to 24 cm in diameter is revealed. In appearance, the inflorescence of Katarina’s hemanthus resembles a bright red hedgehog with upright needles - long stamens and pestles, at the base of each flower there are 2-3 small, as thin as strings, small bright red-orange petals. Hemanthus flowers are numerous, on pedicels 3-5 cm long, reddish. It blooms in July and August. Katarina’s hemanthus blooms for more than four weeks, and then sets bright red, resembling beads, 1.5–1.8 cm small fruits. There can be up to 60–70 pieces of fruit on a plant. Ripening, they often germinate directly on the peduncle, which bends down to the end of their maturation. If you need to collect seeds, then faded flowers are not removed, but wait until bright red berry-like fruits are formed. If seeds are not needed, the peduncle after flowering is cut off at the base.
In Greek, the word haima means "blood," and anthos means "flower," so the full name of the plant sounds like a "bloody flower." It was given to the plant because of the red juice that appears in some types of hemanthus when the stem or leaf is damaged.
Homeland. Katarina’s hemanthus grows on stony hills in Natal (South Africa).
Height. Hemanthus bulb Katarina increases every year and in an adult plant can reach 8 cm in diameter. Daughter bulbs-children occasionally appear next to the mother’s onion.
The location. Best of all, Katarina’s hemanthus grows in bright but diffused light. In direct sunlight, the leaves of the plant curl up. However, the lack of light prevents flowering. On hot sunny days, Katarina's hemanthus should be shaded, especially blooming specimens should be protected from sunburn. Hemanthus grows well when kept on well-lit, wide window sills. In winter, when the plant is at rest, the pot with hemanthus can be rearranged in a colder place, for example, on the windowsills of the north side.
Temperature. Hemanthus Katarina is best grown in warm rooms, where the air temperature in the afternoon is 20-23 ° C. During dormancy (autumn - early winter) they should be kept in dimly lit rooms at a temperature of 14-16 ° C.
Watering. During the growing season, care for Katarina's hemanthus resumes. The soil in the pot must be constantly moist. Like other bulb plants, gemanthus is at rest for a certain short period of the year, but, unlike most bulb plants, its leaves remain green.
The main thing in this period is to prevent the soil in the pot from the hemanthus from drying out. In the dormant period (1-1.5 months), the plant is not watered at all.
Top dressing. Hemanthus Katarina is fed only during the growing season once a month with a weak solution of a complete complex fertilizer. Overfed plants fatten and rarely bloom.
Air humidity. Hemanthus leaves Katarina is sprayed regularly with soft water.
The soil. Hemanthus Katarina needs light soil rich in humus. It is prepared from a mixture of garden soil, leaf soil and coarse sand. At the bottom of the flower pot lay drainage.
Transfer. Hemanthus Katarina bloom better if they are often not disturbed. Then the bulb reaches a large size and is overgrown with onion-bulbs. The old flower pot is replaced with a new larger one, only if the bulb and roots do not fit into the pot. Usually transplanted in the spring every 3-4 years, and in the period between transshipments each year, replace the upper layer of a few centimeters with a layer of soil in a pot on rich fresh soil. When transplanting, the bulb of the hemanthus of Katarina is deepened into the ground so that its tip protrudes above the surface of the soil. The diameter of the pot should be approximately 5 cm larger than the diameter of the bulb.
Reproduction. Katarina’s hemanthus is propagated by seeds and bulbs-children. Seeds after fruit ripening quickly lose their germination, therefore, they are recommended to be sown immediately after harvest, although in such cases not all seeds sown sprout. When the seedlings appear two leaves, they are transplanted into separate small pots. Bulbs-children are separated during transplantation from the main bulb and planted at the same depth as they were before. With good care, Katarina's hemanthus will bloom in the 3-4th year.
Hemanthus disease Katarina.
The false stem at Kemarina’s hemanthus extends, the leaves turn pale - there is little light. Move the plant closer to the light.
The leaves of the hemanthus Katarina turn yellow, fade - too bright lighting. Shade the plant at noon in the summer or move it to a shaded place.
Hemanthus does not bloom - the bulb is still small or too much soil in the pot. Wait until the bulb grows, then leave the plant a few months dormant.
A bright coating appears on the leaves of Katarina’s hemanthus - precipitation of calcium salts from hard water. Rinse off the lime with acidified water.
Hemanthus pests Katarina.
The young leaves of Katarina’s hemanthus are twisted, deformed, numerous small insects are visible on them - aphid. Rinse off the pests with a strong stream of water or an insecticide.
A white sticky cotton-like fluff appears in the axils of the leaves of the hemanthus of Katarina, the plant withers - a mealybug. Remove the pest with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol. Rinse treated areas with clean water. Destroy strongly affected plants.
The leaves of the hemanthus of Katarina turn yellow in places, a delicate spider web appears on their underside - spider mite. Rinse the leaves with soapy water and then clean water. Treat severely affected plants with acaricide.
Use in the interior. Hemanthus Katarina can successfully decorate residential and office premises, as this is a highly decorative, abundantly flowering plant. Hemanthus is grown as a stand-alone potted plant, but it can also be used in composing compositions from various plants. Flowers can be dried for dry bouquets. The original leaves and inflorescences of hemanthus Katarina look good in combination with ficus and ivy.
Primary gender: Gemantus
|Difficulty of leaving|
Hemanthus Katarina in vivo grows in South-East Africa. There he chose the stony hills and mountainsides.
A spectacular flowering plant develops from a round bulb, the diameter of which is about 8 cm. Wide-lanceolate, sometimes oval-shaped, leaves painted in light green form a basal rosette. Below they are grooved, two folds are visible at the top, the edge is slightly wavy. The maximum height of the leaves is 40 cm, with a width of almost 2 times less. Leaf plates are quite thin.
Leafless peduncle carries a beautiful lush inflorescence, collected from their small flowers. Perianth red, eye-catching color. Umbrella-like inflorescences, sometimes capitate, rise above the leaves. From a distance, they look bright spots that stand out against a green background.
Among gardeners, the hybrid variety Konig Albert gained popularity. It was obtained by crossing the species Hemanthus Katarina and Hemanthus crimson (Haemanthus puniceus). The plant can easily be recognized by large fluffy inflorescences of bright red color.