Diseases in the eyes of dogs, contrary to the beliefs of many, are not always treated easily - in most cases, treatment of eyes in dogs is not limited to the use of drops and, in extreme cases, special ointments. Sometimes vision problems can be much more serious and require not only medical, but also surgical treatment. Consider what ophthalmic problems are encountered and what treatment is required.
This is an inflammation of the eyelids, which, depending on the course and the causes that caused it, is divided into several forms. A manifestation of this eye disease in dogs is increased lacrimation, possibly purulent or hemorrhagic discharge, eyelid swelling, hyperemia, which causes obvious discomfort to the animal. The cause of this condition may be allergies, then we should talk about diffuse blepharitis, which is characterized by itching, hair loss around the eyelids, the formation of crusts, skin folds, etc. Ulcerative blepharitis is one of the manifestations of autoimmune diseases, such as pemphigus or systemic red lupus. Clinically, the disease is manifested by the formation of ulcers and crusts on the surface of the edges of the eyelids, which cause the animal pain and itching.
Dog treatment for blepharitis is aimed at eliminating the cause of inflammation. So, if we are talking about allergies, then eye ointments and drops containing glucocorticoid and antihistamines should be used as therapy. The resulting crusts should be carefully cleaned with a cotton swab moistened with a special lotion or a decoction of chamomile. When blepharitis appears as a concomitant symptom of an autoimmune condition, attention needs to be paid to treating the underlying disease, while treating the eyes symptomatically (clear of crusts, relieve local inflammation, reduce swelling, etc.)
Inversion and inversion of the eyelids
These are such conditions in which the edge or edges of the eyelids change their position and are wrapped in the inner or outer side. These pathologies arise as a result of various reasons, but they have many negative consequences, which is why they require careful and timely treatment.
Inversion of the eyelids can be congenital - a fairly common problem in dogs of certain breeds (Rottweiler, Shar Pei, Bullmastiff, English and French Bulldogs, Chow Chows, etc.). Inversion trends can be seen in a puppy at a very young age, almost from the moment the eyes open, with age, the problem is most often worsened. Radical treatment of such an eye disease in dogs is a cosmetic operation, in which the doctor removes a small fragment of the skin under the curled eyelid (if we are talking about lower eyelid inversion), the resulting defect is stitched, due to which the skin stretches mechanically under the eyelid and the eyelid takes its anatomical position. Unfortunately, quite often this kind of treatment does not solve the problem completely, over time, the skin of the animal stretches and the inversion returns.
There are also acquired forms of inversion - spastic (severe inflammation of the eyelid edge, painful manipulations) and cicatricial (as a result of eyelid injuries). In the first case, the use of agents that reduce inflammation is sufficient as a treatment; in the second case, surgical removal of the cause of the disease is required.
Inversion of the eyelids can also be congenital, it is most often observed in dogs of "raw" breeds - shar pei, bloodhounds, Newfoundlands, St. Bernards, basset hounds, etc. They use plastic correction of the eyelid for treatment, and use anti-inflammatory drugs in parallel. An eversion may occur due to nerve pathologies (facial paralysis). In this situation, complex treatment is carried out.
Ptosis in dogs
In dogs, this pathology is also called Horner's syndrome. With this syndrome, damage to the sympathetic nerve occurs, which is manifested by lowering of the lower eyelid (ptosis), narrowing of the pupil (miosis) and retraction of the eyeball deep into the orbit (enophthalmos). The treatment of this pathology is aimed, first of all, at eliminating the cause. As therapy, physiotherapy (dry heat), B vitamins, as well as drops and ointments, which include glucocorticoids, are used. The prognosis for such a disease is most often favorable, however, recovery can take about 3-4 weeks.
Another disease associated with problems of innervation of the eye. Clinically, lagophthalmus is manifested by the inability to close the eyelids. The cause is paralysis of the facial or trigeminal nerves. Treatment of the eye in dogs with this pathology is aimed at eliminating the inflammatory process of nerve fibers, restoring the physiological innervation of the eye. As an adjunctive therapy, in the event of such a condition, agents are used that moisturize the cornea and also prevent bacterial microflora and mechanical irritants from entering the eye.
Trichiasis in dogs
Sometimes eye disease in dogs occurs as a result of impaired growth of eyelashes or hair around the eyes. There are several types of such pathologies in which the clinical picture has an obvious similarity: the animal has increased lacrimation, conjunctivitis, blepharitis, and subsequently, due to regular mechanical irritation, ulceration of the cornea.
Dystrichiasis is a hereditary disease of dogs, consisting in doubling a number of eyelashes. Overgrowth can occur both from one follicle, and between the inner and outer edges of the eyelids. Treatment of this pathology includes epilation (gives only a temporary result, depending on the type of epilation, the duration of remission varies) or surgery (excision of the inner edge of the eyelid). Prior to eliminating the cause, therapy aims to eliminate inflammation and maximize hydration of the cornea.
Dermoid is another pathology, which is a skin lesion, covered with hair or eyelashes and located in the temporal part of the eyelid. Treatment of this disease in dogs is possible only surgically.
Under this concept, pathological conditions caused by inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye are collected. Conjunctivitis is a leader in its prevalence. There are many factors that cause the disease.
Symptomatically, conjunctivitis is manifested by redness, edema of varying severity, contents from the catarrhal to purulent are released from the eyes), a third-century adenoma may fall out, photophobia, itching, and pain.
Acute catarrhal conjunctivitis occurs as a result of exposure to mechanical factors (dust, smoke, foreign body). With this course of the disease, severe discomfort is observed, due to which the animal is unable to open the eye, serous-mucous discharge from the eye, severe hyperemia and edema. Treatment is based on washing the eyes, using drops with an antibiotic and hormone, and repeated eye injury should be avoided. The prognosis in such cases is cautious.
Purulent conjunctivitis occurs as a result of reproduction of pathogenic bacteria on the conjunctiva of the eye. It can be with a running catarrhal course, and also be one of the symptoms of a systemic infectious disease of dogs (carnivore plague). At the same time, the animal has abundant serous-purulent discharge from the eyes of green or yellow-green color, the eyelashes and the eyelids themselves are glued together due to the exudate being separated, acute edema or hyperemia is not observed.
Treatment should begin with an accurate diagnosis and determination of the pathogen. If we are talking about bacterial microflora, then drops and ointments containing an antibiotic are used. In the event that the pathogen is a fungus, antifungal drugs are prescribed. If conjunctivitis is a symptom of a systemic disease, then complex treatment is required to eliminate the underlying disease.
Inflammation of the cornea of the eye. It arises as a result of exposure to various factors. Sometimes it is a consequence of conjunctivitis.
In its form, keratitis is divided into ulcerative and deep. According to the symptoms of this eye disease in dogs, blepharospasm, increased lacrimation, purulent or hemorrhagic outflows, soreness, increased vascularization of the cornea, its clouding, and the appearance of ulceration can be observed. Treatment should be carried out as quickly as possible and taking into account both the severity and etiological factors.
Among other things, it is worth highlighting pedigree diseases of the cornea of the eyes of dogs, manifested by keratitis.
Keratitis shepherd dog
It occurs over the age of 24 months and has a hereditary predisposition. This disease is manifested by chronic superficial keratitis, which is characterized by gray-white opacification, the formation of a red granulation shaft. In addition to eye damage, with this pathology, ulceration of the internal angle of the eye gap, pemphigus and prolapse of the third century can be observed.
Treatment includes the use of eye ointments with a hormone, however, it is temporary and should stop the manifestations of the disease and the period of relapse.
This is also a disease of autoimmune origin, however, some researchers attribute its occurrence to the presence of the herpes virus in the dog's body. Meanwhile, this hypothesis still does not have a sufficient evidence base.
The disease proceeds in several stages, each of which has its own characteristics. At the first stage, local irritation and point opacities are observed. In the second, surface corneal vascularization and pannus formation are additionally diagnosed. In the third stage, the cornea becomes gray-pink, loses transparency.
Ointments and drops, including glucocorticoids and antibiotics, are also used as treatment.
Glaucoma in dogs
This is a disease of the eyes of dogs, which is characterized by an increase in intraocular pressure. The causes of this pathology may be other eye diseases or systemic conditions. Clinically diagnosing the disease is possible only with the help of special equipment and a specialist. If you ignore eye problems and prolonged high blood pressure, there is a chance of developing absolute glaucoma, which is manifested by loss of vision.
Panophthalmitis in dogs
For this disease, purulent inflammation of all tissues and membranes of the eye is characteristic. The cause of the pathology is most often mechanical damage to the eye and the introduction of pathogenic microflora on the damaged surface. Clinically, with panophthalmitis, there is an increase in body temperature, general depression, loss of appetite, the eyes are swollen, clouding of the cornea, expiration of purulent contents, increased soreness can occur, the eye atrophies with time and loss of vision occurs.
As a treatment, a broad-spectrum systemic antibiotic is used at the maximum permissible dose, however, often this does not lead to recovery and removal of the affected eye is required.
Treatment and prevention of eye diseases in dogs
If you have any problems with the eyes of a dog, you should definitely visit a veterinary ophthalmologist. Very often, even a slight delay in the treatment of eye pathologies can worsen the prognosis for recovery or, which is also not uncommon, lead to loss of vision.
Diagnostics in ophthalmology consists of various research methods, such as examination, ophthalmoscopy, measurement of eye pressure, examination of the fundus, conducting a Schirmer test, and much more. Among other things, since eye problems can be just a symptom of another, systemic disease, the doctor will need detailed information about the animal’s life, conditions of its keeping, presence or absence of routine vaccination.
Treatment is prescribed exclusively by a doctor and includes the use of local (drops, ointments) or systemic (antibiotics, vitamins, etc.) drugs. The dosage, duration of use and the possibility of a combination of drugs is also determined by the doctor based on all data about the animal and its pathology.
Unfortunately, most often the owners turn to the veterinary ophthalmologist for help when it is extremely difficult or even impossible to save the animal’s vision. Often such a delay is justified by the fact that eye pathologies do not always occur with vivid symptoms. That is why regular preventive examinations will not only help keep your animal's eyesight, but also prevent a lot of other diseases.Dog Diseases
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Third century adenoma
Third century adenoma, or correctly say - prolapse (prolapse) of the lacrimal gland of the third century. Usually observed in young dogs aged 6 months to 2 years, most often brachiocephalic breeds (Shih Tzu, Cocker Spaniels, pugs, bulldogs, etc.), beagles, etc. This happens due to genetically determined weakness of the ligaments that fix the gland. to the edge of the orbit.
- In the inner corner of the eye appears an oval formation of red color, bulging from under the edge of the third century. Most often observed in one eye, but can be bilateral.
- There may be moderate lacrimation, squinting eyes (blepharospasm).
1. The iron must be returned to the site by surgery.
Blepharitis Is an inflammation of the eyelids. In dogs, the disease is more often chronic and bilateral, less often - one-sided and acute.
- Itching, redness and thickening of the edges of the eyelids (pronounced to varying degrees).
- Discharge, the nature of which varies from tears to mucous and purulent.
Blepharitis is focal and diffuse.
- Focal blepharitis (barley).
- External barley - abscess of the sebaceous gland of the edge of the eyelid from the outside. It occurs mainly in young dogs.
- inner barley, or meibomite, - purulent inflammation of the glands on the inner surface of the eyelids (meibomian glands), more often in middle-aged dogs.
- Chalazion (hail) a rough formation on the inner side of the eyelid, formed as a result of meibomite due to blockage of the outlet by masses prone to calcification.
- Diffuse blepharitis. Often this form is a concomitant disease for allergies, as well as for chronic eye diseases (conjunctivitis, keratitis etc.), with defeat by parasites (demodicosis), fungi (microsporia, trichophytosis), sometimes with common diseases.
1. Wear a protective collar for the dog to prevent self-injury and worsen inflammation.
2. Carry out a hygienic treatment of the eyelids (chlorhexidine solution (removal of flakes, etc.)).
3. For blepharitis caused by bacteria - applying ointments with antibiotics and corticosteroids.
4. In the case of fungal (microsporia, trichophytosis) and parasitic (demodecosis) blepharitis - systemic treatment with antifungal and antiparasitic drugs.
Cataract - clouding of the lens, leading to a decrease in visual acuity, up to its complete loss. The turbidity may be partial or complete. Isolation of protein from the lens (phacolysis) leads to chronic phacolytic uveitis (endophthalmitis) - severe intraocular inflammation. The disease can be congenital or hereditary, can occur at any age.
- Decreased or loss of vision in the dog, blurred eyes.
Currently, conservative (therapeutic) treatments for cataracts have not been developed. To restore visual function and treat secondary complications, surgical treatment is effective, during which the affected lens is removed and, if indicated, an artificial lens is implanted.
Keratitis - inflammation of the cornea (the most superficial, transparent shell of the eye in contact with the external environment), manifested by the appearance of separate areas of clouding or clouding of the entire cornea, can lead to decreased vision, in advanced cases - to blindness.
- Keratitis shepherd dog (the disease is characteristic of shepherds, but it is also often found in Staffordshire terriers, Labradors and Mestizos, somewhat less often in other breeds: collies, St. Bernards, Siberian huskies, huskies, Airedale terriers, Russian greyhounds, Greyhounds).
- Keratitis Boxers (Boxers, Boston Terriers, French Bulldogs, Pekingese, Pugs).
- Keratitis dachshunds.
Boxer keratitis, or chronic non-healing corneal erosion, boxers ulcer is chronic superficial ulcerative keratitis.
- In the beginning, an insignificant defect of the cornea appears invisible to the naked eye, later it becomes whitish, erosion appears.
- The dog squints his eyes (blepharospasm), he is watery (less often - purulent discharge).
- Vessels appear, due to this, in some cases, the surface of the eye appears red.
1. Long lasting. Local preparations with broad-spectrum antibiotics of at least 6 r / day.
2. Surgical removal of the lagging corneal epithelium.
Dry eye syndrome
Dry eye syndrome, or dry keratoconjunctivitis - This is an inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea due to insufficient production of tear fluid and eventually leads to decreased vision.
- Redness of the eyes, squinting (blepharospasm)
- Mucous or mucopurulent discharge from the eyes
- Change in the cornea: normally the cornea is transparent and shiny, with dry keratoconjunctivitis it becomes dull, with visible opacities, brown pigmentation, it can sprout with blood vessels, corneal ulcers often appear.
Often dry keratoconjunctivitis is complicated by a secondary infection and is mistaken for chronic conjunctivitis.
1. Eyes must be cleaned of secretions, for this they are washed with a solution of chlorhexidine 0.05%.
2. Locally, with secondary bacterial infection, drops and ointments with broad-spectrum antibiotics (cyclosporin) are used.
3. Be sure to use drugs that moisturize the surface of the eye.
Dislocation, or lens lux - a serious disease in which the lens is displaced due to a rupture of the suspensory ligaments (ciliary girdle) in the anterior (most often) or posterior chamber or in the vitreous body or it is pinched in the pupil.
- Squinting (blepharospasm)
- There may be a violation of the shape of the pupil
1. Immediate surgical removal of the lens, as secondary complications often develop - glaucoma and uveitis. The sooner the luxurious lens is removed, the better the prognosis.
Glaucoma or the Green Eye
Glaucoma externally is a gray-green clouding of the lens, and in essence this disease threatens the dog with a loss of vision - first peripheral, and then central. Glaucoma is a high intraocular pressure.
- Increased lacrimation.
- An increase in the volume of the eyeball (the so-called "bull" eye).
- Protruding vessels of the sclera, which become bright and convoluted (Cobra syndrome).
- Soreness of the eye, manifested in the fact that the dog does not allow touching the head from the side of the sick eye.
- Loss of a dog’s mood and appetite, depressed state and avoidance of contact with people and other animals.
- Disorientation of the dog in space.
- Photophobia, expressed in the desire to climb into a dark corner and bury his head in his hands, or curl up.
Decreased pressure inside the eye. Since glaucoma occurs due to high intraocular pressure, the first thing that specialists care about is a decrease in performance. For emergency care, the osmotic diuretic Mannitol is prescribed, which is administered intravenously.
- Cyclocryotherapy. A method to stop the progression of glaucoma. It consists in the effect of cold on the ciliary body of the eye, which leads to a decrease in the production of ocular fluid and eliminates the likelihood of increased pressure. If therapy is carried out at the initial stage of the disease, a complete cessation of the pathological process is possible.
- Reception of funds that normalize the outflow of intraocular fluid and inhibit its production:
- prostaglandins (Latanoprost, Travoprost),
- m-Cholinomimetics (Pilocarpine, Aceclidine, Fosfakol, Proserin) - have a pronounced hypotensive effect,
- adrenoblockers - non-selective (Timolol) and selective (Betaxolol) - reduce the secretion of intraocular fluid,
- adrenergic agonists (Clonidine, Brimonidine),
- carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (Azopt, Diakarb, Trusopt) - are able to suppress fluid production by 50% or more.
Therapy of the disease, begun at an early stage, allows the animal to maintain vision, but not restore it to its previous level.
Classification of Eye Diseases
Eye diseases in a dog can occur both independently (primary pathology), and can be a complication of a disease, most often provoked by an infectious agent (secondary pathology).
Some owners of animals are very scared when a white cloudy film (eyesore or leukoma) appears on the eye of a pet. Many reasons can provoke the appearance of a cloudy spot, but most often a dog's eyesight appears as a result of:
- tumors growing in the eyeball
- age-related changes (older dogs),
- autoimmune diseases
- pathologies of a congenital nature (non-closing eyelid),
- diseases leading to disorders and inflammatory processes in the tissue of the eyeball,
- twist of the century
- injuries resulting in the formation of sores on the cornea of the eye,
- unsuccessful surgery
- effects on the organs of vision of various poisons and chemicals.
Eye diseases often require a mandatory examination by a veterinarian, since there is a very high risk of serious and irreversible consequences, up to the complete blindness of the dog.
Symptoms of the disease in dogs and their treatment
Any disease of the organs of vision proceeds with symptoms characteristic of the pathology. The task of the owner of the animal is to timely pay attention to the signs that have appeared and begin treatment to prevent the disease from becoming severe.
Barley in the eye is a painful pathology resulting from the ingress of pathogenic bacteria into the ciliary follicle or into the pores of the sebaceous glands of the eye. A round white seal appears on the eyelid of the animal.
Barley in a dog’s eye can be located both on the external and internal sides of the eyelid. Symptoms of the inflammatory process are swelling of the organ of vision and a feeling of soreness in the eye. Microorganisms that enter the follicle or sebaceous pore multiply very quickly, leading to an increase in the size of the white tubercle and its further dissection.
Anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial ointments (hydrocortisone, erythromycin or tetracycline) are used as barley therapy. It is also necessary to use eye drops for dogs that contain an antibiotic (for example, chloramphenicol). Both eyes are required to be treated at once.
The light cloudy film covering the pupil of the eye is completely painless, but causes the animal discomfort.
Belmos on the dog’s eye may appear as a result of an infectious or fungal disease. For example, a disease such as lichen sometimes causes a cloudy pupil. The leukoma makes the pet constantly squint from the bright light and hide in dark corners.
The eye can watery, there are discharge of a transparent color, sometimes their character becomes purulent. The cornea of the organ acquires a yellow tint and a rough surface. With a sick eye, the dog sees absolutely nothing.
Treatment of leukoma involves the use of antimicrobials (drops, ointments), as well as the use of drops that relieve inflammation from the eyes (Tobrex, Taufon) and vitamin preparations for tissue regeneration. Very rarely, veterinarians manage to get rid of the thorn completely, but it is quite possible to improve vision.
A disease known as dry eye syndrome in dogs is a common pathology in four-legged pets.
The disease is dangerous because at the initial stages of development, symptoms may be absent altogether, but delay in treatment can lead the animal to a complete loss of visual function. The disease is characterized by a decrease in the amount of tear fluid due to a violation of its production. Symptoms of dry eye syndrome are:
- increased lacrimation (usually in the very early stages of the development of the disease),
- decreased tear fluid production,
- dullness of the cornea of the eyeball,
- discharge of a catarrhal-purulent nature (in the form of white threads),
- formation of erosion on the cornea,
- glued eyelashes
- conjunctival inflammation and redness,
- the formation of a mucopurulent crust on the cornea.
Therapy of keratoconjunctivitis includes the use of artificial tear substitutes (Vidisik, Hemodez), anti-inflammatory drugs (dexamethasone drops for the eyes, hydrocortisone ointment), antimicrobials (drops with an antibiotic), antihistamines, and cornea protectors (Actovegin).
The disease is very difficult not to notice, since the first sign of an ailment is frequent and constant blinking. The animal begins to avoid bright light, trying to hide in a secluded place. The diseased eye and the surrounding tissues blush and swell; at any touch, the dog feels severe pain. Exudate is released from the organs of vision.
Blepharospasm in dogs begins to be treated only after finding out the cause of the pathology (most often these are infectious processes). Self-administration of any drops or ointments is not allowed, only a doctor prescribes treatment.
Eye Disease Prevention
Simple recommendations will help prevent the development of eye diseases:
- Dogs suffering from allergic reactions should take antihistamines.
- Avoid various injuries and eye damage.
- If the cornea is dry, it must be moisturized regularly, using an artificial tear solution.
- When washing the animal, try to prevent the shampoo from getting into the dog’s organs of vision, otherwise irritation of the mucous membrane is possible.
- It is recommended to instill prophylactic drops in the dog’s eyes several times a week.
- If the owner has discovered an eyesore in the dog’s eye, the animal should be shown to the veterinarian and in no case should he self-medicate.
Eye diseases in dogs can be prevented if, from the time of puppyhood, one begins to take care of maintaining the vision in the pet.
Eyes - a very sensitive organ, which is most susceptible to various adverse factors. In order for the dog’s eyes to always shine and radiate health, they should be constantly looked after.
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How is inflammation manifested?
- profuse tearing,
- secretion of pus, mucus,
- “Sticking” of the upper and lower eyelids,
- severe itching (the dog constantly rubs his eyes with his paw).
It is important to monitor the accompanying symptoms that indicate the development of the disease.
- Conjunctivitis (follicular, purulent, fibrinous, catarrhal, phlegmonous).
- Dermatitis of the century.
- Protrusion of the third century.
- Dislocation of the eyeball.
Each disease has its own symptomatology.
Dermatitis of the century
With dermatitis, the eyelid swells and turns red. At the next stage, purulent clusters appear in the corners of the eyes, and the skin on the eyelids strongly flakes.
If the problem is not treated, then the eyes will be covered with pus, conjunctivitis will join, and the eyelids will become swollen. The disease manifests itself in animals with drooping ears and long hair.
Prolapse of the third century
Noticing the problem is easy. In dogs, a third eyelid appears at the bottom of the eye, the eyeball swells and turns red. The cause of the disease is infection. Less commonly, the disease has a hereditary character.
Given that the mucous membranes dry out during the illness, they should be constantly moistened, because one problem entails others: conjunctivitis and diseases of the cornea of the eye. For hydration, use special eye drops.
The disease can be eliminated only by surgical intervention.
Blepharitis is a complex disease, as a result of which both skin and subcutaneous integuments are involved in the process. At first, the eyelid turns red, then it begins to swell. After a while, you can see scab on it.
Purulent discharge appears from the eyes. Sometimes the disease appears due to other diseases associated with the cornea. The causes of blepharitis are hereditary factors, ticks and other skin parasites, and allergies.
Cataract is a disease that is most often inherited. The disease develops slowly. At the initial stages, it is impossible to notice that something is wrong with the animal. Over time, the eye swims, an eyesore appears on it.
This occurs as a result of clarification of the lens, as well as its inflammation. This entails an increase in intraocular pressure.
The problem is that the four-legged friend at first sees worse, after he distinguishes only outlines and silhouettes, then he becomes completely blind.
It is impossible to eliminate the disease with medication. Need an operation.
Uveitis is a disease with the development of which the choroid and the iris of the eye become inflamed. It is simple to distinguish an ailment from others: the animal's eyes become inflamed, the fear of light develops, and eyesight quickly falls.
The four-legged cannot lift his eyelids, constantly hiding somewhere. The causes of the disease are many. Regardless of them, the problem must be fixed, because the dog may lose vision.
The disease is characterized by the extension of the eyeball over the eyelid. This is not even a disease, but the consequence of a strong push or blow. The eyeball becomes inflamed, giving the animal a lot of anxiety.
A dislocation looks a little frightening, but one should not be afraid. While contacting the clinic, you can save the eye of the animal, returning to its former healthy appearance.
If both eyes are inflamed: what to do
Some diseases in advanced form begin to develop further. Given that the dog rubs his eyes with a single paw, and usually with both, the infection will quickly spread to a healthy area.
This often happens with infectious diseases (conjunctivitis, dermatitis, keratitis, blepharospasm, etc.).
When symptoms appear, immediate treatment should be started so that irreversible consequences do not develop.
What can be done to treat
Any treatment begins with a diagnosis. For this furry friend should be taken to the veterinarian. If the eyes are red, but there are no other symptoms, you need to examine the animal.
Treatment in this case will be reduced to washing the eyes. It must be remembered that the second organ of vision can also be infected, only this is still imperceptible, therefore both eyes are processed.
In a couple of days, the situation should normalize. If this does not happen, the owner must consult a veterinarian. He prescribes anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics and vitamins.
At this moment, it is important to follow the furry pet, noting all the changes in his health condition.
What drops can I drip
To eliminate many ailments, veterinarians prescribe anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial drops. They relieve itching, irritation, pain.
The most popular and effective are:
Sometimes drops are combined with ointment and tablets. It is not difficult to bury an eye, but it must be done correctly.
What to rinse
You need to rinse your eyes at any stage of the development of the disease. Even if one eye hurts, both should be manipulated, because the infection quickly spreads to a healthy one.
For washing, use medical solutions prescribed by a doctor. It is best to do the procedure using a sponge soaked in liquid.
Movement should be from the edge of the eye to the corner (towards the nose). You can not use one sponge throughout the procedure, so as not to bring pathogenic bacteria to healthy areas.
Folk recipes contain many components that act on a diseased organ no worse than medications. Washing should be done with strong brewing of black tea to alleviate the condition of the animal and remove a large number of harmful microorganisms that cause diseases.
Each time a new infusion is steamed. Decoctions of chamomile, St. John's wort, and oak bark help against inflammation. But it is better to use them after consulting a doctor.
To quickly help the animal, you need to know how to do it right. It is necessary:
- Regularly treat the animal against fleas and ticks.
- After a walk, rinse eyes with tea leaves.
- Cut dogs with hair hanging over their eyes.
Puppies also have similar problems, so babies need special care.