The British Shorthair cat breed was born in the 19th century. By her name you can guess where she comes from. Long before official recognition, its representatives were valued for their excellent mouse skills. Today, this breed is appreciated for its pretty appearance, friendly, but restrained disposition and undemanding care.
British shorthair cat
There is no exact data on the origin of this line. According to assumptions, Roman legionaries brought cats to the British Isles, which they used to protect provisions from rats and mice. Those rodent hunters were not like today's British with round faces and a downed body, their exterior resembled slender and fit oriental cats. However, the appearance of the animals changed over time as a result of crossing Roman cats with local females.
Over the course of several centuries, the breed developed naturally. Ordinary people who lived in those days did not set out to select animals according to some criteria - the quality and shade of the coat, the shape of the ears and the length of the tails. Only by the middle of the XIX century, pets with a plush coat began to gain popularity. The development of the fashionable tendency to have a British cat was largely facilitated by the English artist Louis Wayne, who portrayed pets playing golf, reading newspapers and relaxing on the beach.
Local artists increasingly photographed their clients with their furry pets, which turned out to be very photogenic. In 1871, the first cat show in the world was organized in London, to which 170 participants with their pets were invited. Harrison Weir, one of the organizers of the event, developed a point system to determine the winners. The next day, the front pages of newspapers were full of messages about the exhibition and the first champions, among whom was a cat with a blue tabby color, nicknamed Old Lady.
The first British cats had only one color - blue
So the popularity of British cats came. The first nurseries began to open in the country, and a standard was soon developed for this breed. After some time, the British became interested in Persian cats. Maybe this is a coincidence, or maybe not, but soon a long-haired variety of the British breed appeared. Scientists have still not found the answer to the question whether the Persians had anything to do with it.
Then the Second World War began. This was a difficult period not only for people, but also for their four-legged friends. Many animals died during the bombing, others died of starvation. Those representatives of the British breed who managed to be kept were crossed with chartreuses, Persians and Russian blue cats in order to revive the line. Due to the influx of foreign blood, felinological organizations refused to officially recognize the British. However, in 1970, ACFA allowed representatives of this breed to participate in exhibitions, and after 10 years the breed was recognized by CFA.
Photo of a British Shorthair cat and a detailed description
It is easy to distinguish representatives of this breed from others, knowing its features - it is a rounded head with puffy cheeks, a squat, downed body, strong legs and a thick tail. The British Shorthair is large or medium sized. Its weight is 4-7 kg.
- wide skull, on the muzzle there are convex, slightly sagging cheeks,
- the straight nose is on the same vertical as the chin,
- round eyes, large, with expressive eyes,
- the shade of the iris is yellow, honey-orange, blue or green, depending on the coat color,
- ears are small, straight, low set, with rounded tips,
- short, well-muscled neck
- the body is strong, knocked down, with a broad back and a well-developed chest,
- limbs short, strong, with rounded paws,
- the tail is medium long, thick, its base is wide, and the tip is narrower,
- the coat is short and dense, soft to the touch, with a thick undercoat.
Varieties of colors with photos
The standard provides for several dozens of all kinds of coat colors of the British Shorthair. In the 19th century, only one was permissible - blue. Of the solid colors, chocolate, white, black, faun, cream and lilac are highly valued. Tortie, tabby, golden chinchilla, harlequin are also common. In the photo are British cats with various colors.
Character, habits, interaction with children
The British are gentle and friendly cats, but they are not one of those who will chase the owner, like a shadow and ask for their hands. These are animals that value personal space. They are not averse to getting a portion of affection, but prefer unobtrusive communication. A purring pet is better placed close by rather than on his lap. At the same time, the British Shorthair is very much attached to their master. With his long absence, they are bored, and the change of ownership is endured rather painfully.
When nobody is at home, the pet is sleeping peacefully or looking out the window - this is one of the British cat’s favorite pastimes. It is unlikely that it would occur to her to arrange a pogrom. If some small details of the interior will suffer, then believe me, this is an accident. These animals have some clumsiness, they do not always succeed in gracefully avoiding obstacles.
The breed is characterized by moderate activity. Kittens are playful, love to frolic both alone and with family members. Adult pets behave restrainedly like true English. Cats are patient with children if they do not show excessive interest in them. The Briton will not allow himself to be squeezed and will never turn into a silent plush toy with which you can do anything. The pet will warn of its unwillingness to remain the object of close attention by raising its paw, but at the same time it will not release its claws or bite. In the next instant, the cat will retire to a safe place.
Cat breed british shorthair
British Shorthairs are able to share territory and owner attention with other inhabitants of the house - dogs or cats. Although they have a well-developed hunting instinct, reviews suggest that plush pets get along with guinea pigs, rats and large parrots. Representatives of the English breed are neat and tidy. They spend a lot of time licking their fur coat, as if showing how valuable it is.
Health and Life Expectancy
British cat lives 13-15 years. Shorthair representatives of the breed have good health, but some diseases that are inherited, they still occur:
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, in which the walls of one of the ventricles thicken. Cats with this diagnosis suffer from heart failure. The disease cannot be cured completely, but its development can be slowed down with the help of drugs.
- Polycystic kidney disease is a disease in which multiple cysts and cavities form in the parenchyma of the kidneys, which leads to disturbances in the functioning of the urinary system. The British inherited this pathology from the Persians, with whom cats were actively bred after the Second World War.
- Some individuals suffer from clotting problems. Any injury is a danger to them. An animal may die from blood loss. The risk of developing hemophilia increases with the crossing of cats that are closely related.
- Another weak point of British Shorthair is gums. Poor oral care can lead to calculus and gingivitis. A triggered inflammatory process is often accompanied by loss of teeth and infection of other organs through the bloodstream.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
The main advantage of the British Shorthair cat is its beautiful appearance. A cute face in combination with a strong body and a plush coat makes you fall in love with these animals without a memory.
British shorthair cat lilac color
Other advantages of the breed are cleanliness, restraint, moderate physical activity, unobtrusiveness. Animals are also appreciated for their ease of care and unpretentiousness in matters of nutrition.
Reference. The British are very smart, easily accustomed to the tray and scratching post. If you wish, you can teach them simple tricks, but you have to show patience, as they are quite stubborn.
The disadvantages of the breed include a low level of sociability, unwillingness to go hand in hand. Be prepared for the fact that the pet will choose one member of the family, which will become his favorite, authority. The cat will meet and escort him, sit next to him, the rest of the household will get only crumbs of attention.
Containment conditions and care features
Having decided to have a British erect kitten, prepare for its settlement. You will have to buy equipment and animal care products:
- tray, filler, scoop,
- a big couch
- bowls for food and water,
- pet carrier
- harness for walking
- shampoo for shorthair cats, conditioner,
- cotton pads,
- toothbrush and toothpaste for animals.
British cat is playing
Kittens of this breed for a long time get used to the new environment, in addition, they are incredulous towards strangers. Be patient - it will take time to adapt. To enter trust in the pet, be gentle, but unobtrusive, do not force the baby to sit on his hands, do not hold him. When he gets used to the new house and family members, he himself will come for the next portion of affection and sit down next to him.
Attention! If there are small children in the house, ask them to behave with a kitten in the early days so as not to frighten him.
Caring for a british cat
The pet will not cause much trouble to its owners. His fur does not fall off, so you do not have to comb it out daily. It is enough to remove the fallen hairs every 5-7 days with a massage brush or a special mitten. During molting, the procedure is carried out more often.
You can bathe an animal, but not often - about 6 times a year. British Shorthair do not like water, and in general, any hygiene procedures cause them irritation. Use only animal shampoo for washing. Thick wool with a dense undercoat dries for a long time, so carefully wipe the cat with a bath towel and keep it in a warm room without a draft.
Attention! Drying with a hairdryer is undesirable for two reasons - the noise of the device will scare the cat, and hot air will harm delicate skin.
Every 10 days, inspect the auricles. Carefully remove plaque that accumulates inside, with a cotton pad. If necessary, soak it in a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide or chlorhexidine.
Particular attention must be paid to oral hygiene. At least once a week, clean the plaque from your pet’s teeth using a baby brush and animal paste. Such a procedure will not bring pleasure to a noble Briton, but if you accustom to her from childhood, then it will become easier to take care of your teeth. A special solid feed will help prevent the development of gingwith.
If secretions accumulate in the corners of the eyes, they are removed with a sponge soaked in warm water. Some pet owners use Diamond Eyedrops for everyday vision. They prevent the development of conjunctivitis of various etiologies.
Claws need to be trimmed regularly, even if the cat is actively using the claw. They grow by about 1.5 mm in 2 weeks. It is convenient to cut them not with scissors, but with a nail clipper. You need to act carefully so as not to touch the living tissue with blood vessels.
Caring for a pet includes caring for his health. Once a year, it is recommended to bring the animal for a routine examination in the veterinarian and be vaccinated. They will protect the four-legged friend from deadly infections, such as panleukopenia, calcivirosis, chlamydia, rabies.
How to feed a British cat: recommendations
Experts advise the British to feed the finished industrial feed enriched with vitamins, minerals and amino acids. It is better to give preference to well-known brands - Akana, Hills, Royal Canin, etc. You can alternate wet and dry food, but do not offer them in one meal.
Feed your Briton high quality food
British Shorthair eagerly eats natural food. The main thing is to properly balance the diet. Most of the amount of food a cat receives is meat. You can give poultry fillet, veal, rabbit meat, beef. Pork is prohibited. Of the fish, preference is given to sea fish - tuna, trout, pink salmon, sometimes you can treat your pet with salmon, as it contains a lot of fatty acids.
Also in the pet’s diet include vegetables - carrots, spinach, broccoli. Chicken or quail eggs are given no more than 2 times a week. Sour-milk products - yogurt, kefir, yogurt can be given every day, cottage cheese - less often. Of the offal, everything is allowed, but in small quantities. The liver is poorly absorbed, so it is fed to the cat every 10 days.
Attention! Twice a year, veterinarians recommend soldering pets with vitamin complexes to maintain immunity.
What you need to know about breed breeding
Kittens of this breed reach puberty by 7-8 months. The first mating can not be planned immediately, you need to wait at least up to a year and a half. It is important to choose the right male for mating. He must be healthy, vaccinated, meet the standard and have experience with cats.
British Shorthair kittens of blue and lilac color
A date always takes place on the territory of a cat. The cat is brought to visit him on a 2-3 day estrus. The first day the female is examined, gets acquainted with the gentleman, and then takes his courtship. Pregnancy in British cats lasts 62–65 days. The duration of labor is 5–20 hours. It is important to be with your pet when kittens are born, in order to help her if necessary.
Cost of British Shorthair and kennels
Prices for kittens that for some reason are not allowed to be bred and can not qualify for participation in exhibitions start from 5 thousand rubles. The cost of cats breeding and show class can reach 30-50 thousand. It all depends on the pedigree, the color of the animal, the reputation of the nursery, as well as the presence of champion titles in the parents. The most highly rated individuals with rare colors - chinchilla, color point.
List of nurseries where you can buy British kittens:
- Moscow - SunRay, Tamaky,
- St. Petersburg - White Diamond,
- Ekaterinburg - Aljenika,
- Kiev - British Rainbow,
- Odessa (Ukraine) - Fantasy Fiesta.
Kittens are transferred to the new owner after 3 months
When choosing a kitten, be sure to ask for documents - a veterinary passport and pedigree, inspect the animal. A healthy pet is moderately well-fed, active, has a shiny coat, clean eyes and ears. Ask the breeder what feed the baby is used to, whether he knows how to use the tray, how he makes contact with a person.
On the Internet you can find many reviews of British Shorthair cats. In most cases, owners describe their pets as independent, calm and non-aggressive animals that require little attention. Some people are disappointed with pets, and all because they do not like to sit on their hands and take caresses only when they themselves want to.
Indeed, the British are ideal for those who do not expect too much from the cat. These are inconspicuous, self-sufficient animals, but at the same time non-conflict and not shy.We can say that representatives of this breed behave like true British - confidently and restrained.
- Breed Name: British shorthair cat
- Country of origin: Great Britain
- Breeding time: XIX century
- Weight: 4,5 - 8 kg
- Life span: 9 - 15 years old
- This breed has been living with the British for so long that at home it is simply called shorthair - “shorthair”.
- Recognizable features are a round muzzle, a stocky body and thick fur of a special texture, tactilely resembling plush.
- Long before the appearance of the first “cat” organizations, the British Shorthair cat was valued not for its external qualities, but for the unsurpassed skill of the mouse.
- Animals openly show their affection for the owners, but do not like to sit on their knees and hang in the hands of a person.
- They treat other pets well (including dogs, rodents and birds), but they also feel great as the only animal.
- Cats do not require complex and specific care.
- After reaching maturity, the level of physical activity is significantly reduced.
- The main danger waiting for the British apartment housing, veterinarians call obesity.
- British Shorthairs are generally considered healthy cats, with an average life expectancy of 12-17 years.
British shorthair cat refers to the number of breeds on which nature has worked much longer than humans. As a result, we have a physically developed, harmoniously folded animal with a light, accommodating character. Shared accommodation with him will not cause owners any particular trouble. British cats are attracted by their calm temperament, bordering on phlegmatism, good breeding and incredibly beautiful, pleasant to the touch plush fur. In the famous book "Alice in Wonderland" Lewis Carroll forever immortalized this breed in the image of a Cheshire cat.
History of the British Shorthair
Over the years, documentary evidence of the first appearance of cats in the British Isles is impossible to find. However, researchers suggest that domesticated animals were brought there by the Roman conquerors. Legionnaires, of course, did not keep them as furry friends - someone had to protect the provisions in the holds from the attacks of ship rats. True, those rodent hunters had little resemblance to today's chubby and well-knit individuals, their physique was closer to the graceful and long-legged Egyptian animals.
But the free feline nature took its toll - and part of the small predators brought by the invaders moved from decks to hard ground, and there over time they met wild relatives who enriched the gene pool.
For centuries, short-haired purps lived side by side with peasants, receiving for their contribution to the fight against mice a little milk and a roof over their heads. No one, of course, cared to select kittens according to the color of their fur, the shape of their ears and the length of their tail, so the appearance of the breed was formed naturally. I must say that the attitude to these cute creatures was often not just indifferent, but even hostile, while dogs were considered true friends worthy of sugar bones and a place by the fireplace.
Only in the second half of the XIX century, the British realized that their pets have many unique and attractive features that need to be fixed and developed. In the Victorian era, being an owner of a cat was not shameful even to a representative of high society. The popularity of the mustachioed was greatly facilitated by the original and witty drawings of the famous English artist Louis Wayne. The talented schedule created a whole universe in which anthropomorphic cats play golf and bridge, go on picnics, read newspapers, have Christmas parties, sled, play music, relax on the beach ... In addition, at the dawn of photography, enthusiasts of new art realized how fluffy handsome men look advantageous in the frame. In a word, the ice was broken.
July 13, 1871 in London with great success was the world's first professionally organized cat show. Harrison Weir, with the support of the then manager Crystal Palace, invited 170 participants and their owners to the former pavilion of the World Exhibition. He also developed the rules of the competition, the system of scoring and determining the winners in various categories. Visitors were surprised to find that well-groomed and well-fed cats not only look charming, but also behave like real aristocrats. The next morning, the front pages of respected metropolitan newspapers were decorated with portraits of award winners - including the 14-year-old blue tabby Old Lady. By the way, it was the blue color in the last century that was considered the only correct one for British Shorthair.
After the exhibition, once imperceptible street animals gained popularity. The breed standard, amateur clubs and the first nurseries appeared. However, in the last decade of the 19th century, Britain was overwhelmed with pan-European fashion for Persian cats. On this wave, during the First World War, breeders introduced British Longhair. Experts still cannot say with certainty whether there was a fixed spontaneous mutation or whether breeders simply used “alien” genes for breeding.
With the outbreak of World War II, the already unfavorable situation for shorthair became truly catastrophic. Animals, like people, died en masse under German bombing, and the policy of austerity of food did not leave any chances for the maintenance of nurseries. In the postwar years, the few surviving British women were actively crossed with representatives of various breeds for Russian offspring: Russian blue, chartreuse, and Persian. Due to the large percentage of mixed blood, the breed was considered hybrids for a long time and, therefore, the leading regional and world felinological organizations were not registered. The American Cat Association distinguished between American Shorthair cats and Old World immigrants in 1967, making the latter in the registry under the name "British Blue". ACFA allowed the Britons to participate in their shows in 1970, and The Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) recognized the breed in 1980.
History of the origin of British Shorthair cats
Representatives of felinology still can not agree on the origin of British cats.
Today, there are two main versions, each of which has its own list of supporters:
- France. Many felinologists believe that the history of the British is closely connected with their fellow Frenchmen - the cat breed of Chartreuse. According to scientists, representatives of these groups were brought to Europe from Africa at about the same time. The new breed was first bred by monks. Cats came to Britain through ships, where they served as rat-catchers. A confirmation of this theory is the similarity between the British and the chartreuse,
- Rome. After delving into history, you can find interesting facts about the conquest of Britain by Rome. It is with this event, according to the scientists of felinology, that the appearance of this breed on British soil is connected. Felinologists believe that the Romans brought Roman cats to Britain, which, in turn, quickly adapted to the new land and fell in love with its settlers. Numerous massive graves of cats that were discovered by archaeologists in Britain confirm this version of origin.
With confidence, only one thing can be said - the real story of cats began with Britain. It was here that the earliest images of the Shorthair British were discovered, dating back to about the 700s. Small pictures of animals were applied to colored miniatures.
Interesting fact: There were images of representatives of this breed in books. So, in the 800s, one of the Irish monks painted a British shorthair cat in a manuscript book and wrote that such a beast really brightens up the monastery's everyday life, making them more interesting.
In the X century, the cult of the British only rose. At this time, the Celtic sculptor when creating a stone cross with scenes from the Passion of Christ did not forget to add cats. One had a small kitten in its paws, and the other a chick. Around the same time, a law was passed in Britain to protect cats. Representatives of this breed were very expensive.
British Shorthair - breed description
British Shorthair cats are the oldest representatives of large felines. The original name of the breed is British Blue. This is due to the peculiarity of the iridescent color of the pet. The new name is also associated with wool, only this time not with color, but with the length: “Shorthair”.
The British are quite strong and strong pets, differing in medium and large dimensions.
The main descriptive features of the body structure are:
- Round, cheek-wide head. The neck of cats is very thick (almost invisible), but at the same time short,
- Expressive face. The nose is short and straight. He is a vertical with a strong chin,
- Big eyes. Sight is one of the main features of the British. The eyes of these cats are large, wide open and set far apart. They can be orange or blue. The shade of the eyes depends on the color of the animal,
- Squat body. The body of the animals is straight, the back is short, and the shoulders are massive,
- Short legs. At the same time, the paws of cats are very strong and large,
- Thick tail. This part of the cat's body is not very long. The tail is rounded at the end,
- Thick and short coat. The most important feature of animals of this breed. The British coat is shiny, of medium softness / hardness and dense texture.
In general, representatives of British Shorthair look very attractive and graceful. It was their appearance that became the cause of increased love for them from people. Most of all, the British are attracted by their eyes and fluffy big cheeks, which children so love to squeeze.
Average whole adult: 6–9 kg (cats) and 4–6 kg (cats). Growth at the withers - 28-33 cm. The life expectancy of pets is 15-20 years. This period largely depends on the British habitat, the conditions of his detention, nutrition and treatment. Animals need regular vaccinations and a special menu. At the same time, they can be kept both in indoor and outdoor conditions.
Popular colors of British Shorthair cats
Initially, almost all British cats had a gray-blue color (which is why their first name was associated). In the process of selection, the color of the animals changed. To date, more than 100 types of colors of the British are known.
The following patterns are considered the most popular and common of them:
- Solid. In this case, the animal’s hair is completely dyed in one specific color. Most often, the British have a blue, gray-blue, black, silver, tabby shade,
- Smoky. This color is based on the contrast between the undercoat (as light as possible) and the coat itself (the tips as dark as possible). The darkest will be the legs, back and head. The muzzle and the legs themselves have virtually no markings. This color is characterized by orange (copper) eyes,
- Bicolors. The wool of representatives of this color combines two shades: the main (tortoise / solid) and white. At the same time, the light part of the body is clearly fenced off from the dark and does not have hairs of other (than white) shades,
- Tortoiseshell. This color implies two or more shades that are similar to each other (blue and cream, red and black). Turtle coloring means the so-called spots on the hair of animals,
- Tabby. The color, in which spots are clearly visible on the cat's body: on the forehead in the form of the letter "M", on the back there are clear lines along the spine, on the chest there are continuous rings, the stomach is spotted. This color is also called marble, clocked, striped and spotted,
- Colorful. Color, implying the presence of a white "cloak" (on the body). In case of colorful coloring, only some parts of the body are really painted: tail, paws, muzzle. An interesting fact is that such a coloring can change due to temperature changes.
The classification presented is general. Due to selection, other shades can be obtained. However, only British are allowed to participate in exhibitions, the color of which is recognized and permissible.
The character and habits of British Shorthair cats
British Shorthair cats are quite peculiar animals. They are very calm and accommodating, but at the same time they treat others in a special way. The British have their own attitude to the owners. And, if there is a representative of this breed in the house, then it is he who is the owner.
The nature of cats is very aristocratic (which is fully explained by the history of their origin). Animals are independent, arrogant and majestic. If you are looking for a pet that will constantly flaunt, ask for arms and purr - throw away the idea of buying a Briton. Such animals will not rub about you even if they are very hungry. The only measure they will take in case of hunger is to sit next to an empty bowl.
Interesting fact: British Shorthair do not like to be picked up and squeezed for a long time. However, they will be happy to settle down somewhere on the bed next to their master. But only of his own free will!
In general, the nature of animals is peaceful and calm. The British rarely tear their throats with meowing or rush about from boredom. Most often they can be seen at bedtime, eating, or languid looking out the window. Animals are a little closed in themselves, but quickly make contact with people (naturally, only with those who they like). Especially British shorthair cats love children.
At the same time, kittens (under the age of one year) play well with their small owners, but are able to inadvertently bite a "friend" or scratch him. Adult Britons simply endure all the tricks of the children and pay almost no attention to this (unless you pull the pet by the tail).
British Shorthair cats calmly endure loneliness. They are expecting their master from work and are extremely happy about his return. Such pets are best suited for busy or single people. Animals are wary of strangers. To trust a new guest, the Briton needs to take a good look at him. But to make a cat friends with a new pet is only one way - to leave them alone in the apartment at least for a day (while you are at work).
Interesting facts about British Shorthair cats
British Shorthair cats themselves are already unusually amazing and fascinating. Therefore, it is not strange that there are many facts that only increase the interest of pets.
Here are a few for example:
- British cats are independent of humans (as they think). They themselves choose - who will be their friend, and whom they will never let to themselves,
- There are no British folds. Often you can find the name "Fold Briton". It is completely wrong. Only Scots can hang and be straight. Britons are short and long-haired,
- Shorthair British do not require special care for their hair. Shedding of these animals is less problematic than shedding of their close relatives,
- The British have their own opinions on any issue. They must be raised from early childhood - otherwise the cat will really become the owner of the house,
- Animals are not afraid of loneliness. They can remain alone with themselves even for several days.The main thing is to always have a bowl full at your side,
- According to one version, the image of the Cheshire cat was written off precisely from representatives of the British breed,
- The British are one of the oldest cats on earth. Despite its already venerable age, the breed has gained worldwide fame and popularity relatively recently,
- Representatives of the breed "British Shorthair" - real dormouse. For the British, the daily norm of sleep is 14-16 hours,
- It is now the Shorthair British for the most part decorate the house. Previously, the main task of representatives of this breed was the fight against rodents. Therefore, the British have very well developed hunting abilities.
And the final interesting fact about these amazing cats is that it is the Briton in the tabby color who is the official representative of the Whiskas brand!
Pros and Cons of British Shorthair Cats
Representatives of this breed have many advantages. The first concerns their unique appearance. The body of animals is graceful, and the look is simply piercing. Such a pet will definitely not be left without attention of guests. The British have other pluses.
The advantages of such cats include:
- Good health (feline immunity fairly endures all the tests),
- Friendliness (the British are absolutely not aggressive, get along well with others and make contact),
- Cleanliness (cats carefully and scrupulously lick their hair, they should be washed extremely rarely),
- Lack of special care (cats are unpretentious in grooming, the only thing that is required from the owner is a weekly removal of wool).
Among other things, the British Shorthair are very good healers. They help their owners cope with depression, stress, and bad mood. Such animals are recommended for institutions in families where there are children with impaired development. The British will positively influence their psycho-emotional state.
However, not everything is as colorful and beautiful as it seems at first glance. Typical for the British and certain disadvantages.
The main disadvantages of these royal English cats include:
- Special temper. Each cat of this breed is special and has its own character. It is almost impossible to guess which (playful or sleepy) pet you are buying. It all depends on the upbringing and development of certain qualities,
- Standard procedures of "beauty". The British are thoroughbred cats. And no matter how unpretentious they were in their care, some procedures still have to be carried out. This concerns regular nail clipping, eye washing, prevention (vaccination),
- Feeding. The British need a balanced diet. You can feed them with premium feeds as well as natural foods (fish, beef, chicken meat).
Of course, the benefits of British cats are much greater. That is why they enjoy such high popularity and interest.
Breeding British Shorthair cats
Breeding thoroughbred British is a pretty profitable and interesting activity. Breeders are engaged in increasing the number of these cats. Breeding of British Shorthair cats begins with the purchase of a pedigree (i.e. purebred, thoroughbred) individual. The process of finding a partner for the animal is quite long and time-consuming. In addition to the ideal pedigree, the future parent of the offspring should be fully suitable for the companion. Cats do not always happen the first time.
In addition to the breeder, scouts are also involved in the creation of British offspring. What is the difference between these specialists? In relation to their work. The former begin breeding only with breeding animals and carefully approach not only the choice of a partner for the cat, but also the owners. Scouts are driven by the desire to earn more. Most often they breed non-tribal (not purebred) Britons and pay little attention to where the kids will live in the future.
Important fact: If possible, you should contact the breeder to purchase the animal. Such a person is guaranteed to provide you with a thoroughbred cat, conduct full training on its contents and provide a documentation package.
Breeding of British Shorthair cats is not regulated by any specific law. This action is allowed in all countries. Animal breeding is carried out in accordance with relevant certificates and standards. As a rule, the first mating occurs at the age of 10-12 months (when breeding - 16-20 months). Animals breed for 7-8 years.
British Shorthair Care
The British are cats that get along well both at home and outdoors. These cats can be kept in an apartment or in a private house. The main thing is not to forget in advance (before the kitten appears in the family) to prepare for him a berth, a tray, a bowl with food. Immediately after the animal enters the house, it is necessary to begin its training in these places.
As stated earlier, British Shorthair cats need little special care. They independently cope with the problem of contaminated wool and lick themselves several times a day.
However, the owners should still observe some rules:
- Combing. The British coat of this breed is short, so it is enough to comb it once a week. During molting, this procedure should be carried out daily,
- Bathing. Animals should be washed as needed. However, bathing procedures should not be carried out more often than once a quarter. You can dry wet hair with a hairdryer (a weak stream of warm air). In this case, the drying process can occur in a natural way. The main thing is to completely eliminate the likelihood of drafts (they can provoke a disease),
- Claws and ears. Every 2-3 weeks, cats need to clean their ears. This should be done with a damp cotton pad. Clippings are cut with the same frequency. If you perform this procedure yourself, you need to be especially careful (so as not to touch the vessels). To reduce the frequency of clipping, it’s enough to install a claw point at home,
- Veterinary care. To maintain the normal condition of the animal, it is necessary to regularly visit a veterinarian, give vaccinations and give vitamins.
In general, caring for the British is not difficult. Animals themselves do some fine work on their own and need only some human help. And any deterioration almost immediately appears externally (worsened behavior, increased drowsiness, lack of appetite).
British Shorthair Diet
The British are pretty voracious pets. Kitten feeding begins as early as 3 weeks of age (not breast milk). As soon as the animal becomes more independent, they begin to gradually transfer to wet (canned) food. The transition to dry nutrition is carried out only by 4 months. This algorithm is followed by most breeders. In the hands of the new owners, the kittens are already accustomed to feed.
There are two ways to feed the British: feed and natural. The first is the most simple, but requires significant investments. Cats can eat dry food all their lives without harm to their health. In this case, you should choose a premium mix. Saving on a new family member is impossible. It is not necessary to feed the animal if it eats only artificial lure. Of course, a cat will not die from a piece of boiled chicken. But, firstly, her body can malfunction (which will lead to the onset of the disease), and secondly, all the trace elements necessary for the cat are in the feed - such food is more useful and more pleasant for animals.
If you decide to feed your Briton exclusively with natural food, then be prepared to learn the difficult science of “British cooking”.
The main diet of the animal should consist of:
- Meat (low-fat varieties of chicken and beef) - boiled, peeled and cut into small pieces,
- Grains (cats can only rice, millet, buckwheat, oats) - boiled in the usual way,
- Vegetables (carrots, greens) - boiled or baked and served as top dressing.
Categorically banned foods for the British are: pork, smoked meats, flour, sausages, oily fish. With this method of feeding, it is necessary to observe the ratio of vitamins, minerals, as well as individual preferences of the animal. The pet menu should periodically include boiled eggs, chicken liver, dairy products. Do not forget about drinking - clean and fresh water should always be in the bowl of a British Shorthair.
Diseases and Health Problems
The health of British Shorthair cats is quite good. Proper care and timely vaccination almost completely eliminate the likelihood of diseases. However, some animal dangers still await.
The most common British health problems include:
- Obesity. Such a disease is associated with the natural large body of animals and their constant desire to eat. Overweight can occur due to a violation of the pet's diet, as well as an increase in the daily allowance. At the same time, you cannot starve an animal with hunger - this can lead to a decrease in activity and a loss of natural fluffiness,
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Hereditary disease, the detection of which dooms the animal to the absence of offspring (transmission of the disease is unacceptable). HCMP occurs in adult cats (under the age of 8 years) and is not subject to treatment. The annual ultrasound of the heart and strict control by the veterinarian help maintain the condition of the animal,
- Conjunctivitis. This disease occurs quite often. Its main symptoms are watery / festering eyes, and the prerequisites are injuries, infections, or a lack of vitamins. The disease is not fatal and can be treated quite quickly,
- Gastritis. Inflammation of the stomach may be due to an improperly prepared diet of the animal. With such a disease, a cat can vomit, vilify, and lead an inactive lifestyle,
- Parasites. Foreign living creatures are affected not only by the animal’s hair, but also by its ears, eyes, and the gastrointestinal tract. Among parasitic diseases, helminthiosis, demodecosis, and otodectosis are most often found. Their prevention is regular deworming.
Most (non-genetic) diseases are easily detected and quickly treated. The first signs of cat health problems are: lack of appetite, lack of mobility, vomiting, diarrhea, and a change in the structure of the coat. Any of these signs should be the reason for going to the doctor. With a timely examination and a correctly prescribed course of treatment, complications can be avoided.
British Shorthair - price and how to buy
When purchasing an animal, remember that no breeder will carry a purebred Briton in a public place for sale. In ordinary stores or “at a meeting” only people who do not care about animals, but the fact of making a profit, sell them. Breeding British Shorthair cats are sold only in specialized nurseries or directly from breeders (which contains kittens at home and is not afraid to show their living conditions to the client).
You should buy a kitten from the age of 3 months. Up to this point, the animal should be raised by the mother in the nursery. Here, the Briton will receive the necessary vaccinations and documents. You can choose a cat from a month and a half. At this age, pets are already beginning to clearly express the main features of their character.
Young Briton should be:
- Well-groomed (smooth coat, clean eyes),
- Moderately active and playful,
- Docile (hissing can be a sign of aggressiveness of the animal),
- Accustomed to the tray and scratching post.
Count on low cost, buying a thoroughbred Briton, is not worth it. The average price for a representative of the British Shorthair breed varies from 25-40 thousand rubles. The final figure depends on several factors: pedigree, purebred parents, popularity of color, general health, breeding conditions.
When selling a kitten, the breeder is obliged to give his new owner complete information on the pedigree and a medical passport (this is where vaccinations given as well as congenital diseases, if any) should be indicated.
British shorthair cat - An attractive and unusual pet that will appeal to both adults and children. The special character traits of the animal make it ideal for living in an apartment environment. Such a young animal does not require a special attitude and care and is characterized by a high level of independence. The main thing is to pour food in a bowl on time and not to forget about the need for vaccination. Alas, the British themselves cannot cope with these tasks.
The origin of the breed of British Shorthair
Most modern felinologists have not yet reached a final conclusion as to when the first representatives of British Shorthair appeared. Many even suggest that the first kittens of this breed were recorded back in ancient Rome.
If we talk about the date of registration of the breed, the first fluffies that fit the description of the short-haired British appeared in Britain in the middle of the XIX century. Due to their activity and developed hunting instinct (these purrs love to chase rats and mice) they have gained popularity among many peasants who want to protect their crops from rodents.
With the proliferation of pussies throughout the British Isle, it became necessary to fix the characteristics of the breed. This allowed the British to take part in the cat show, which was held in London at the end of the 19th century. Plush fluffy cats have since become popular not only among peasants, but also among aristocrats. They appeared on the canvases of artists and became heroes of stories (for example, the famous Cheshire cat from the fairy tale "Alice through the Looking Glass" was a British shorthair).
Due to the fact that this breed was bred in a natural way and could not be crossed with other cats, she managed to maintain all the original features and features even after several centuries.
Initially, this breed of cats was called British Blue (due to the characteristic color of the animal). However, over time, many other colors of cat hair appeared. Today, more than 100 variants of the fur color are distinguished, which has led to a change in the name of the breed to British Shorthair.
External features of the breed
As I said, the outwardly British blue cat has not changed much since the 19th century. Let's carefully consider the main features of the appearance:
|Head||Has a round shape|
|Nose||Direct, smoothly passes into the forehead.|
|The ears||Small size, slightly rounded, planted at a wide distance from each other.|
|Eyes||Large, round shape. Like ears, set wide. They are distinguished by their large size and, as a rule, a deep amber or yellow hue. Some colors (for example, point) have gray-blue eyes.|
|Chest and shoulders||Broad, large.|
|Paws||Dense, short, quite strong.|
|Tail||It has a rounded shape, long. It features a wide base, tapering to the tip.|
|Wool||Plush with a brilliant overflow, quite thick and, as the name suggests, short. The undercoat is pleasant to the touch and has a dense texture.|
|Weight||Adults weigh from 8 to 12 kilograms|
|Overall growth||30-35 cm.|
British shorthair character
Moving away from the exterior, let's talk about the nature of British cats.Fuzzies have a quiet and calm disposition, which is why they are ideal for people who like to spend time in peace and quiet. Like true British, these animals have aristocratic habits - they do not like to throw off things, spoil furniture or wallpapers, and rather refuse active games in favor of a more relaxed pastime.
Of course, in their teens, pussies can be a little naughty. However, an adult short-haired British cat shows restraint in character and is independent. She loves her masters, but prefers to spend most of her time alone (for example, watching what is happening outside the window).
At the same time, purrs are very curious and active, they like to try something new. This breed of cats is great for people who, due to circumstances, are forced to spend a lot of time on the road or at work. Pets do not get bored, being alone in the apartment and can easily occupy themselves in the absence of a person.
At the same time, the British are very loving. They do not have a favorite among one person and are attached to all family members equally. From time to time, a cat may ask for attention. Spend time with the animal, talking and playing. The main thing is not to violate the personal space of the pussies, if he wants to be alone.
This breed of pet quickly finds common interests with other animals.
Interesting: The vast majority of representatives of British Shorthair cats do not like when you carry them in their arms for a very long time. So you should not regularly transfer the animal from room to room. The cat feels much better, being with all four paws on the ground (floor).
Maintenance and care
The British Shorthair cat gets along perfectly both in a small apartment and in a large private house. The main thing is to provide the animal with a sleeping place, which can serve as a plaid, your clothes or a special bed for kittens. In addition to this, you will need to buy:
Plush wool needs to be combed 1-2 times a week. To do this, use a special brush with natural bristles.
About 2 times a month, clean the ears of the animal and bathe the cat.
If you do not want to breed British kittens, sterilize the animal in a timely manner. This will help to avoid many diseases in the future.
Nutrition Features of British Shorthair Cats
In terms of nutrition, British cats are very picky. Of course, it is advisable to give animals special feeds designed specifically for this breed and to avoid cheap food.
Many people find that eating from the table (foods that family members eat) is ideal for four-legged friends. However, this is not quite true. Modern feeds have a balanced diet, which contains all the vitamins and minerals necessary for the normal growth and development of the animal. So, choosing what to feed the British kitten with, give preference to premium feeds, super-premium class, as well as holistic. You can read more about cat food here.
The British Shorthair cat is good both for dry types of food, and for wet or paste.
Keep in mind that the British are not very active. With age, they even become lazy. So make sure that the animal does not gain weight. This breed tends to have problems with obesity (especially for sterilized cats and cats).
On average, with regard to feeding, veterinarians recommend calculating the daily portion in this way: 65-70 kilocalories per 1 kilogram of animal weight. Strongly avoid foods such as smoked meats, cow's milk, corn, onions, and garlic.
Health and Disease
Since shorthair cats were bred naturally, they have fairly good health. Pets rarely get sick and do not have serious genetic abnormalities. With proper care for British cats, they can live up to 20 years.
The first rule that everyone who wants to have the British must adhere to is timely vaccination. Inoculations in time will allow the cat to protect itself from rabies of calcivirosis and many other serious infectious diseases. Also, prevention from worms is important. All these questions must be addressed by an experienced veterinarian. It is he who will appoint a schedule for vaccinating the animal.
The only health problem that is common to all members of this breed is obesity. Do not overfeed your pets with too fatty high-calorie foods. Otherwise, problems with the cardiovascular system and the gastrointestinal tract may occur with age. Be sure to regularly take the cat for a visit to the veterinarian to prevent and timely cure diseases.
Many potential furry owners are interested in how many British Shorthair live. The life expectancy of this breed is quite high, ranging from 13 to 16 years.
Photo of British Shorthair cats
I have already said that there are several dozen color options for British Shorthair cats. Each of them is interesting and undoubtedly deserves your attention. Allocate:
- Solid color. In this case, all the fur fluffy has the same shade. The solid colors include: black, brown, chocolate, purple, blue, red, milky, white, gray. The rarest are considered furry with black or red hair.
- Tortoise (tortie). This is a beautiful combination of shades that is often found in shorthair British kittens. As a rule, it manifests itself in a combination on the body of a red (red) and black shade, as well as blue (gray) and milk.
- Color point. Outwardly, this color strongly resembles Siamese cats. Among British shorthair cats, color point is found in such variations as: cream, red, purple, chocolate, blue.
- Tabby. This color resembles a tiger, and also have much in common with a marble Briton. Another main feature of this type of coloring is the characteristic darker pattern in the shape of the letter M, located on the forehead of the animal, as well as several rings on the tail and legs of the pet. Among the British shorthair kittens, golden, silver tabby colors are distinguished.
- Chinchilla. In another way, this coloring is also called smoky. The undercoat of such pets, as a rule, has a light shade. While the ends of the coat are dyed dark. The presence of light coat on the sides of the animal is also characteristic.
- Bicolor. This coloring implies interspersed in the main shade of white. For example, you can often find bicolor as a combination of tortie and white.
How much do British Shorthair kittens cost?
If you want to know how much a British cat costs, keep in mind that the price will depend on the purpose for which you take a kitten. Ordinary Britons cost between $ 100 and $ 250, depending on the color. If you want an animal with a pedigree and plan to breed and sell kittens, you need to take a purr with a noble birth. Its cost starts from 300 dollars. In this case, in addition to the cat, you get all the necessary documents confirming its origin.
Show (show class) British Shorthair - this is the most expensive category of cats in this breed. They are sold primarily for performances at various exhibitions. The cost of a kitten starts at $ 500 and can reach even $ 2,000. It varies by color. For example, the most expensive are the red-haired British.
There is also a slight difference depending on the sex of the animal. However, it is not so significant. Most often, cats cost a little more ($ 20-50) than cats, because they are taken for breeding.
Many unscrupulous breeders or just scammers sell a breed called the British fold. Note that this breed is not recorded by any felinological organization. So if you want a kitten with hanging ears, take a look at the Scottish fold (scottish fold).
British cats will become a true friend and member of your family. Despite the rather peculiar character, kittens of this breed are immensely loyal to their owners and always confirm this with gentle purrs. The main thing is to spend enough time with your pet (especially when he asks for attention), play with a cat, learn something new and, of course, love her.