The Angora rabbit is one of the few breeds of these animals, the main advantage of which is not meat or skin, but downy wool. In addition, this animal is very unusual and beautiful and quite often it is kept at home as an exotic pet, although it requires special care.
Start with the fact that the name of the breed is not accidental. Angora is one of the oldest names of the Turkish capital - modern Ankara.
It is believed that it was from Turkey that the French and English sailors brought to their native lands this unusual animal in the middle of the 18th century, which spread very quickly in many countries of the continent, primarily as a pet. It is known that this animal was preferred by the French nobility and even the royal house.
Very quickly, a unique animal became known in Asian countries, and in Russia they even developed their own species of Angora.
Today, the largest producer of Angora wool is China. Following him are French, Polish, Hungarian, Czech down production.
Photo gallery of Angora rabbits:
Description and standard
The Angora group includes a large variety of these animals, whose main task is the production of high-quality fluff. After all, wool with the name "Angora" is known all over the world and is famous for its softness, and the fabric obtained from it is distinguished by a delicate pile.
These rabbits are not meant for slaughter. Wonderful fur is obtained by combing or trimming animals.
Varieties of Angora rabbit are quite different from each other in their parameters. There are industrial types, famous and decorative. Therefore, to name one common standard and characteristics is not possible
The weight of individuals ranges from 1.7 to 6.5 kg. And the main difference between Angora rabbits and any other in their unusual appearance.
The hair length can reach 25 cm or more, and the overgrown pet is just a down ball. Therefore, if you keep such a beast at home, you need to understand that you will have to take care of it constantly and it's quite difficult. Although a beautiful rabbit of this breed is extraordinary.
Among the distinctive features of Angora, one can also distinguish a very small and flattened nose, which is almost impossible to feel under thick coat. The eyes are also barely visible. Not very long ears most often end in small hands. The wide body with strong legs has a cylindrical shape.
The hair of the animal is very soft, weightless. Actually, the main hair is small and sparse, but it occupies only a tenth of the volume. Everything else is an unusually thin, long and voluminous undercoat.
The colors of Angora rabbits are diverse - snow, coal, blue, fawn, delicate, light shades prevail.
Appearance, description of the Angora rabbit
It resembles a huge fur ball: the longer the coat, the less likely it is to look at a flattened nose and rounded ears pressed to the head with small tassels. However, brushes are a selective decoration.
The oval and round body rests on strong elongated limbs, drowning in the "cloud" of fluff, which is the main pride of the rabbit owner of the rabbit. Regardless of its length (10-20 cm), Angora rabbit hair has special properties: the remaining hairs are very short, and 90% of the fur outfit is fluffy. In one year, one rabbit gives from 0.5 to 1.5 kg of warm, silky and unusually light fluff.
It is interesting! Angora rabbits "gave" the world a popular woolen fabric with a characteristic delicate pile. Gentle and soft to the touch material was called Angora wool.
The basic color of rabbit fur is considered white, but there are many breeds whose coat is dyed blue, gray or black. In one brood there are up to 8 rabbits, gaining a mass of 1.5 kg by their 4 months. An adult Angora rabbit weighs from 2 to 6 kg (depending on the breed). Live Angora downy about five years. The life span is increased to 7 years or more if rabbits receive competent care and live in a closed space.
Small and very fluffy animals (fluff is located everywhere, even on the muzzle and ears) with a body weight of 2 to 3.5 kg, with an annual yield of fluff up to 450 g. Colors are different - white, cream, chocolate, charcoal. The coat is so thick and plentiful that the animal does not even see its eyes.
Angora rabbit breeds
It is said that the first long-haired rabbits arrived on the European continent together with the French sailors who purchased them in Angora. So at the beginning of the 18th century they called Ankara, the former capital of Turkey. The Angora downy ones took root in Europe, having won the hearts of the nobility and the French monarchs.
Now in the TOP 5 of the most common breeds include:
- White / color down.
English rabbits with a wide head and a flat muzzle weigh from 2 to 3.5 kg. Their body is completely covered with hair, with the exception of the nose and individual areas on the legs. Representatives of this breed are combed every three days.
Satin, they are also satin, weigh 3-4.5 kg. Their glossy fur is particularly soft: it is absent on the face, ears and paws. For a year they give a smaller volume (compared to other breeds) of the wool, but bypass the relatives in terms of quality (it is more durable).
White / colored downy ones weigh 3.5-4.5 kg, growing up to 50 cm. There are tassels on the ears of animals. The breed was bred in our country and compares favorably with a large yield of fluff. There are varieties with different colors of wool, which allows you to produce down products without applying dyeing.
Giant (also with tassels on the ears) are ahead of other downy relatives in weight, gaining 4.5-6 kg. They are fluffy beyond measure and at the same time they shed little. Purebred individuals - only white.
French (weighing 3.5-4.5 kg) have an oval body and tassels on the ears. Wool does not grow on the face and paws. The coat of representatives of the breed does not need careful care.
This species is most often used on large farms and bred on an industrial scale, so these animals are easiest to care for. The coat leaves its face, ears and forepaws free. Body weight 3.5-4.5 kg, fluff per year about 550 g. Colors are different.
Until 1939, the rabbits of England and France were considered two branches of the same breed - Angora Pukhovaya. But then they were divided according to too strong functional and morphological differences.
In addition, the hair of the English variety is slightly longer than that of the French, and covers the beast completely, including the muzzle, ears, paws.
The French Angora have generally bare ears, and on the front legs and muzzle the hair is very short.
Keeping a rabbit at home
This is an ideal pet for workaholics: it does not require hourly meals and in the daytime (usually) sleeps, reviving at dusk. Do not forget to protect the apartment before the rabbit arrives by hiding the wires and wallpaper. Cover the wires under the boxes and baseboard, cover the wallpaper with PVC panels or sheets of cardboard (the higher the better).
Important! Rabbits are gentle and shy, quickly get used to a calm voice and affection.
Before stroking or taking an eared man in his arms, let him sniff them. Angora love to play and jump. Raising a rabbit, do not raise your voice, do not make sudden movements and reward for success treats.
The enclosure for Angora rabbits is home and outdoor. The latter is subordinate to the main goal of the farmer / breeder - to raise a healthy, active and prolific animal with excellent fur. Such an aviary looks like a large sector, fenced with a mesh netting and covered from above. This design, equipped with a compartment for grass (hay), feeders and drinking bowls, usually adjoins the barn or has separate houses for animals.
The home aviary for the Angora rabbit should be spacious (at least 2 * 2 m). Inside place:
- a food bowl
- a drinker with clean water,
- hay compartment
- inedible rugs.
It is better to darken part of the enclosure by installing any box: a rabbit, like a burrower, will hide there (especially at first). Given the rabbit’s habit of throwing objects for which he grabs his teeth, buy ceramic, not plastic, dishes. Such a heavy and slippery feeder would be too tough for him. Rabbits get used to relieve themselves in one place, so it’s easy to accustom them to a tray (usually a cat).
The largest variety is from 4.5 to 6 kg in weight and is only white. Unlike the Germanic species, the eyes can be either red or cornflower blue. Ears end with small hands. The yield of fluff per year from one individual is about 1.2 kg.
The German Angora, French Sheep and Flanders participated in breeding. The eyes of the Giant are very small, red only in the albino type.
Down Angora (White, color, Soviet)
This variety is a breeding development of Russian scientists. It has many different colors. A distinctive feature is the acclimatization of the species to severe weather conditions. Animals weigh from 3 to 4.5 kg. The annual volume of fluff from one rabbit is about half a kilogram. There are brushes on the ears.
Bred by crossing Kirov rabbits with French Angora.
Russian Angora Dwarfs
A decorative variety, characterized by low weight (up to 2 kg), a strong small body with a round, wide head and a variety of colors - white, black, piebald, blue, red, less often pinto and bluish pinto.
These animals are also called Satin. The fur is distinguished by its special gloss and extraordinary softness. Caring for animals is easy enough, since the fluff grows only on the body, on the muzzle, ears, front legs, it is short.
In general, this variety is very similar to the French Angora, because it is obtained by crossing the latter with Satin Rabbits. Weight 3,5-4 kg, small yield - 400 g, but the highest quality and wool from this fur is unusually strong.
So far, only one-color colors have been recognized, although pied, ticked ones have already appeared.
Rabbit breeders are busy developing new varieties of Angora. Already known are such as Chinese, Swiss, Finnish, Korean, St. Lucian, and others.
Undoubtedly, all varieties have blood and the gene form of their distant relatives - Turkish Angora, but for acclimatization, the blood of other native rabbits was mixed with the local conditions of the breeding countries.
Care and maintenance
Different types of Angora need different contents.
For ornamental rearing, Angora rabbits are kept at home. For their normal life it is necessary:
- A spacious cage, and preferably a decent aviary, in which there should be enough space for free movement, as well as a toilet compartment.
- At least twice a week in the aviary (cage) it is recommended to carry out a full cleaning, if necessary, disinfection. The toilet is cleaned daily.
- In the aviary, it is desirable to equip a small wooden house for the rest of the rabbit.
- As a litter in a cage or aviary, it is best to use a dense and fairly thick sennik. In extreme cases, a large, but soft chip is suitable. Sawdust must be excluded - the beautiful fur from them will be very dirty.
- Be sure to equip the correct drinker (preferably a vacuum or nipple) and feeder (preferably a bunker type) to prevent spills and spills and keep the precious fur in the best condition.
- It is necessary to carefully monitor humidity (it cannot be high), temperature conditions (optimally + 21 ... + 23 ° C), the absence of drafts and direct sunlight.
- It is necessary to walk every day, especially if the crawl is contained in the cage, and not in a spacious aviary.
In order that home Angora does not have health problems, frequent combing is necessary. After all, animals, carefully licking themselves, absorb a huge amount of wool. And all rabbits have a rather weak gastrointestinal system.
So, Satin, English, Downy need to comb out at least once every three days, and preferably daily. In addition, twice a year, during seasonal molting, fluff is collected more carefully - it is constantly combed out and plucked. But the German, French and Giant Angors are not only regularly combed out, but also once a quarter they are completely trimmed with a special machine.
The combing out and plucking out is carried out with the help of special slickers. There is another interesting way to free the animal from excess fluff - blowing from a hairdryer. But the temperature of such a stream should be comfortable for the rabbit, and it is better to accustom to this procedure from an early age so that the animal does not get scared.
Thus, combing and cutting not only provides a beautiful decorative appearance for the rabbit, but also collects valuable wool, and also helps to avoid problems with the pet's health.
There is no need to bathe your pets. Moreover, it is dangerous for their health, and combing and drying such voluminous fluff is very difficult.
Angora are very friendly and curious animals, albeit somewhat shy. When walking around the apartment, they should be carefully monitored so that they do not hurt themselves and do not damage the environment and electrical wires.
In order for these animals, whose genetically nocturnal lifestyle was remembered, to be noisy at night, they need to be well fed and allowed to move in the evening.
It is advisable to keep the Angora rabbit in the enclosure of one, and if there are a couple of pets in the plans, then it is better to get them together and from one okrol.
The industrial content of Angora is not too different from other breeds. In addition, in order to obtain the greatest amount of fluff, it is recommended that animals be kept alone and in spacious enclosures. Of course, it is strictly forbidden to breed these pets in pits.
In summer, Angora rabbit farms are usually kept in a large enclosure enclosed in sections under a common canopy. For the winter, animals need warm enclosed cages or a large heated room divided into single zones.
The diet of Angora rabbits involves the inclusion of:
- Special industrial feed.
- Cereal, bean fruits (with the exception of beans).
- Freshly cut but slightly dried grass. It requires to be careful that poisonous and harmful plants, for example, dope, belladonna, euphorbia, celandine, buttercup, feather grass, do not get into it.
- Root crops in raw and boiled form, fresh fruits, some vegetable crops (white cabbage should not be given).
- Hay or haylage. It should be in the aviary constantly, regardless of the time of year. In winter, hay from legumes and cereals is well suited.
- Herbal granules with bone meal.
- Fresh and high-quality drinking water in large quantities.
When feeding Angora, it is necessary to remember that fruits, berries, vegetables are a delicacy for animals and they should not be given more often 2-3 times a week in very small quantities.
Angorok, like any other rabbit, sweets (chocolate, sweets, cakes, cookies, etc.), food from the human table, bakery products, canned food, marinades, smoked meats, fatty, meat and dairy products are strictly forbidden in the diet.
Life expectancy of Angora rabbits can be different - from 5 to 12 years. And in many respects it depends on the mode of existence that they lead.
On farms where Angora are kept for industrial purposes, they are usually rejected by the sixth year of life.The rabbits, which are called to give birth to new downy individuals, usually begin to bring less rabbits in the fourth or fifth year of life.
From six months, females are selected for breeding. In addition to the size and health of the animal, an important role is played here by the quality of the fur and the length of the down.
Angora rabbits differ significantly from other breeds in many respects. And puberty is no exception. Only in the first year of life, females are allowed to mating. Males mature later.
Mating always takes place on the territory of the rabbit, here it behaves less aggressively. The case will be repeated not once or twice, but three or four. Moreover, it is preferable to mate simultaneously with several males, sequentially and for at least ten days. Mating is stopped only after the rabbit's categorical refusal of the rabbit. This suggests that the pregnancy has come.
The more males take part in mating, the higher the number of rabbits in the litter.
About a month later, childbirth occurs. At the first round, more than five rabbits are rarely born. In the second, there may be six. But more than eight babies of Angora give birth very rarely.
No more than two pregnancies are allowed per year, with the number of spouts the number of babies born to a female usually also increases.
But any rabbit is given the opportunity to give birth at least twice in her life. If further it turns out that she is not the best mother or brings few rabbits and not of the best quality, she will be transferred to a downy herd. Only a third of the females go into breeding stock.
It is important to ensure that Angora is calm during gestation, childbirth and feeding, to feed perfectly and to monitor the availability of clean drinking water in sufficient quantities. It is noted that disturbed mothers can destroy the entire brood.
Advantages and disadvantages
Angora rabbits are a source of valuable wool, but this breed has a lot of negative qualities, and only an experienced rabbit breeder can farm them.
Even as a pet it is, although a beautiful, but very complex animal. And you need to think a hundred times before taking for the maintenance, and even more so the breeding of this breed.
Advantages of Angora rabbits:
- Getting valuable fluff.
- Beautiful appearance, the possibility of decorative content, in which the Angora manifest themselves as quiet pets.
- Unusual and very beautiful colors of some varieties that allow you to get wool that does not need to be dyed.
This breed has more disadvantages than advantages:
- Small size and weight.
- A relatively small amount of fluff per year of maintenance - from 400 to 1500 grams.
- There is practically no possibility of obtaining meat during forced slaughter.
- Weak immune system.
- Shyness, exposure to stress.
- The possibility of an allergy to animal fluff in households.
Possibility of training and training
Angora are very timid animals, but far from stupid. And with sufficient attention to them from the owner, they are able to remember their nickname and get some training skills.
To do this, use the excellent sense of smell of rabbits. They quickly get used to the smell of the owner and stop being afraid. As a reward, they use various goodies.
Simple Angora teams can learn to execute very quickly, but we must remember that the main thing here is patience, you can’t categorically raise your voice for pets. Before you take the rabbit in your arms, you should talk calmly and gently with it, and, lifting it from the floor by the scruff of your neck, hold it with your other hand under the hind legs.
Angora rabbits are very peaceful and friendly. They get along quite easily with other pets if they behave non-aggressively - cats, hamsters, parrots.
Angora dogs have a complicated relationship. They can make friends only if they simultaneously take a puppy and a rabbit into the house. In this case, they can feel like relatives, members of the same pack. But the dogs of hunting breeds are not suitable here absolutely.
With good care, Angora live as pets for about 5-7 years.
Disease and Prevention
It is very important that in relation to Angora rabbits the terms of deworming are strictly observed and the vaccination schedule is carried out, since this breed has low immunity. But in addition to known viral infections, other pathologies can occur. Therefore, for any incomprehensible symptoms, for example, outflows from the nose, eyes, genitals, strange behavior, lethargy and lethargy, you must immediately contact a veterinary clinic. Most often, except for viral, the following diseases are observed in rabbits:
- Infectious character. They arise as a result of violation of the conditions of detention. Most often these are colds, acute respiratory infections, pneumonia, disruption of the digestive tract. First of all, you should restore all the parameters of care. If this does not help, immediately consult a veterinarian.
- Infectious character. These are staphylococcal lesions, infectious dermatitis, rhinitis, conjunctivitis and others. Most often, hydrogen peroxide, Baytril, Levomekol, Furatsilin, penicillin group drugs help.
- Invasive nature. These are various coccidioses, scabies, fascioliasis. In addition to the last disease incurable in rabbits, sulfanilamides, Acrodex, Hexaline, Hexatalp can help.
Before acquiring this rock that is difficult to maintain, you need to carefully consider this decision.
Take the rabbit in the nursery or at a private breeder, in no case do not have to go to the store or the market.
The baby must be carefully and correctly picked up and carefully examined. This moving pets and excessive passivity and lethargy should alert the future owner.
It is necessary to check the quality of the hair and paws, to make sure that there is no outflow from the eyes, nose, genitals.
If a pet is purchased for decorative purposes, and even more so if it is a heterosexual couple, then after some time it is better to castrate rabbits. Or, if there is a desire to care for babies, provide a large aviary with the possibility of separation of individuals.
In the case when the animal is purchased for breeding for business purposes, then the approach to the selection should be even more careful. It is necessary to evaluate the constitution of the rabbit, body shape, suitability for the breed, the quality and purity of the fur, the length of down hair, color and health.
It should be remembered that with such a thick undercoat it is very difficult to assess the constitutional features of the animal, which can hide the defect. It is better to ask for help with the choice of a professional.
The quality of the fluff is estimated by the beam captured by the palm. It can not be less than 5 cm.
Experienced rabbit breeders subdivide defects of Angora rabbits into lungs and serious ones. The first group includes:
- lack of thickness and density of the fur,
- light stiffness of fluff,
- small disturbances in hair growth.
Serious defects are:
- very thin down
- bald spots on the skin,
- strong stalling of fluff.
In this case, it is better to refuse to purchase a rabbit.
Do not forget that the quality and uniformity of the color also affect the cost of Angora.
The price of decorative varieties of Angora is from 2500 to 5000 rubles. Breeding rabbits of industrial varieties are usually more expensive.
When considering some of the features, a flattened and barely noticeable nose can be noted, even though often there is not so much hair in the nose area as on the whole body. Paws of such a pet are large and long, almost never visible due to the large amount of fur. The body shape can be round, oval, wide and somewhat elongated. The ears of the angora are small and rounded, with representatives of some breeds on them are tassels.
When stroking a rabbit, it is very reminiscent of good silk, which is why it is of great value.
The integumentary hair, due to its structure and short length, promotes the growth of soft hair. The length of the villi may have different. For example, in Belgian breeds, the pile can reach 8 cm, in French - 6 cm, in German and English - up to 5 cm. The color of the pile can be almost anything: from light and beige to grayish, black and red. Naturally, for such a coat, obligatory delicate care is needed to prevent the appearance of warlocks and not hamper the movement of pets.
Representatives of the German breed resemble Giant rabbits, but, unlike them, they weigh about 5 kg and are mostly light or white, but may be different when mixed with other breeds. Of all the popular breeds, such pets shed significantly less.
If you properly care for such a fluffy, on average, he lives 5-7 years.
On average, the life expectancy of an Angora rabbit is 5-7 years. In many ways, it depends on the characteristics of care and their living conditions. In a spacious enclosure, rabbits live longer than in the wild, cramped cages or pits.
To extend the life of the animal and vaccinations that are given starting from 1.5 months of age. After 3 months, revaccination is carried out, and then vaccinated 2 times a year.
Among the most common varieties of Angora rabbits, the following can be distinguished.
The weight of these animals is 2-3.5 kg. They have a wide head and a flat muzzle. They are completely covered with hair, with the exception of the nose and some areas on the legs. English Angora rabbits should be combed out every 2-3 days. The length of their fur reaches 11-16 cm, it can be of various shades.
This breed is also called "satin", both variations of the name are due to the incredible softness and silkiness of the fur. In this case, the paws, nose and ears of animals are not covered with hair. Rabbits weigh a little more - up to 3-4.5 kg. Compared to other breeds, satin rabbits give a little less fur, however, it is characterized by higher strength.
White / colored down
Down rabbits are nicknamed so for the large amount of fluff that they give out. In addition, the fur has an interesting sheen. In addition to white individuals, the breed also includes gray, black and peach-colored animals. This allows you to get colored fur without resorting to dyeing it. Rabbits have quite impressive sizes - up to 50 cm at the withers and up to 4.5-5 kg in weight. One of their distinguishing features is the presence of tassels on the ears.
These rabbits are primarily known for the fact that their fur does not require careful everyday care. The outer hair is of increased density, the fur is suitable for easy spinning. An adult rabbit gives more than 0.5 kg of fur at a time. French rabbits have tassels on their ears, an oval body and weigh up to 4.5-5 kg.
Cleanliness on the verge of sterility is the first thing you need to provide your eared in the aviary / cage. Otherwise, the delicate fur will quickly get dirty and tangled, which will make it extremely difficult to comb and cut. Angora downy hair cut about once a month and exclusively by hand, if necessary, plucking wool.
It is interesting! Russia acquired Angora rabbits only at the beginning of the twentieth century. Today, the record for the production of rabbit fluff is China (about eight thousand tons annually). The breeds of Angora rabbits are quite widespread in Poland, Hungary, France and the Czech Republic.
The frequency of hair care is determined by the characteristics of the breed and the structure of the fur. Weightless fluff falls fastest among rabbits of the English breed, and slower at the “giants”, “atlases” and “French”. Representatives of the last three breeds have the toughest fur that resists the formation of warlocks. Rcomb the downy clothes with a special brush at least once a week. Yes! No one washes a healthy rabbit.
Large, up to 5 kg in weight, individuals. One of their main features is only white fur. However, thanks to the efforts of breeders, it is possible to obtain individuals with red, gray, black fur (however, these rabbits are considered not purebred, but hybrid). German Angora is valuable for its fur - an individual gives up to 1.5 kg of fur per haircut. And those spend 3-4 per year.
By the name of the breed, it is easy to guess that these are large enough individuals. Indeed, their mass reaches 5-6 kg, which is why they can be confused with the German ones. In addition, representatives of the breed are characterized by increased fluffiness and little shedding. For one haircut an adult animal gives up to 1.3 kg of fur.
There are individuals with white and colored fur, however, only those who can boast of a snow-white fur coat are considered purebred.
If the rabbit freely "grazes" in your apartment, remove everything that is edible from its path, bearing in mind that the big-eared eats little, but constantly. He will bite the apple left on the couch, chew the candy and artistically smooth your ficus.
Green and succulent feed should prevail in the diet to minimize grain and concentrates. The menu includes:
- tubers - potatoes, sweet potatoes, Jerusalem artichoke and similar plants,
- root crops - beets, radishes, turnips, carrots and other crops,
- fresh grass / hay.
Buy hay at a pet store or market. Grass with grass mowed / dried in summer and branches sprinkled at the cottage are welcome. In rural rabbits, giving fluff and meat, the diet is slightly different. It consists of animal feed, oilcake, meal, meat and bone meal, legumes, skim milk and fodder cabbage (not to be confused with white cabbage!) Rabbits have a swollen stomach from ordinary cabbage: they swell and often die.
In contrast to the giants, the dwarf rabbit is a miniature animal weighing up to 2.5 kg. The length of the coat is about 6 cm. The individuals have red or blue eyes. For decorative purposes, such subspecies of a dwarf rabbit are bred as ordinary, orilag, fold, curly-lop.
How to care?
The rabbit has a gentle and timid temper, which is important to consider when communicating with the animal and organizing its home. In order for the animal to be healthy, it pleased with the quality of the coat and fertility, it is better to keep it in the aviary. The latter can be street and home, always fenced with a grid not only on the sides, but also on top. The minimum enclosure dimensions are 2 by 2 m (the size is indicated for one animal). The housing should be divided into sectors - a compartment for hay, a toilet, a place to place a feeding trough and a drinking bowl, a place for games. Naturally, each of the zones should have the appropriate content.
Rabbits with proper training are easy to learn, so they can be accustomed to the toilet. Usually a tray is used for these purposes. Also, for the animal, a house should be built inside the aviary, in which he can hide. In addition, in the daytime, the rodent basically sleeps, so a darkened house will be very useful.
The rabbit will die without movement, so if it is kept in a small aviary or cage, you should regularly “walk” the animal around the apartment. Otherwise, without moving his legs will atrophy. Another important point is fresh air. Rabbits do not tolerate high atmospheric humidity, from this they can develop pneumonia.
The content of angora implies an almost sterile purity in an aviary or cage. Otherwise, the animal’s hair will become dirty and tangled. Shear rabbits once a month and only by hand. In rare cases, if necessary, resort to plucking.
Each breed has its own characteristics in grooming. The most moody in the care are considered English and fluffy rabbits. A little less whimsical to care for will be a coat of cross-eyed atlas, French and giant.
Rabbits have long, pointed claws at the ends. They grow very quickly and require regular pruning. "Manicure" should be done every 10-14 days using special nail clippers.
Even if the animal does not need to be combed out daily, you should make sure that the long fur does not block the animal’s eye. If the animal loses sight, then it becomes restless. And the risk of injury increases.
It is better to comb the rabbit once every 1-2 days, using special slickers or combs with frequent teeth. Once every 9-14 weeks, the animals of most breeds are sheared and shaved.
Before puberty, males mark the territory. Avoid this will allow castration of the animal. However, it can be kept out of the cage until the rabbit calms down. Repeatedly asking the female, the animal’s body will no longer be.
As for the females, they behave quite calmly during the sexually mature period. With a long absence of the male, they lose their ability to fertility.
It is important to remember that the rabbit eats little, but often. Make sure they always have something to chew freely.
The basis of the diet are:
- hay and fresh grass,
- root crops - carrots, radishes, turnips,
- tubers - potatoes, Jerusalem artichoke, sweet potato,
In the summer, when possible, it is worth giving the animal more fresh herbs. Sedge, alfalfa, hogweed, sage, reed, as well as beet and cabbage tops, are suitable. Do not treat animals with herbs that have grown in marshland. It is important not to give the animals wet grass. Otherwise, it can stick to the walls of the stomach and intestines, clog them and provoke the death of the animal.
In the cold season, the basis of the diet of rabbits is hay. 2-3 times a day it is recommended to give rodents vegetables, if possible of different types. If there is a dilemma between greens and vegetables, choose greens. As for dry food, they can be given only to adults and not more than 1-2 tablespoons per day. No more than 3 times a week rodents can be pampered with fruits and berries.
If rodents are bred not only for fluff, but also for meat, then the food should be more high-calorie. The diet includes cake, animal feed, fodder cabbage (not white cabbage, it is contraindicated for rabbits), meat and bone meal.
It is forbidden to feed Angora rabbits with food from the owner's table, sweets, bread.
Pros, cons of the breed
The pluses include the minimum number of sounds made by a rabbit: a squeak from pain and a quiet growl when protecting your site or courtship. Rabbits scratch, but less noticeably than dogs and cats. Minor abrasions heal quickly.
Now about the cons. Rabbits dirty:
- nibble wallpapers and wires,
- spoil books and important documents,
- bite your heels
- mark corners and master's feet with odorous liquid (corrected by castration),
- leave hard feces anywhere.
All of these shortcomings are correctable if there is an iron will. With its deficit, as well as lack of time, it is recommended to simply lock the busoter in the aviary.
Angora rabbits are very quiet - they rarely make a squeak and other sounds, but are capable of protecting their home and especially offspring. In this case, they make a sound similar to a roar, and can scratch the offender.
In Russia, Angora rabbits appeared only at the beginning of the twentieth century. And today the record holder is China - annually up to 8,000 tons of Angora fur are produced here. Large manufacturers are also the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, France.
It is safer to buy Angora rabbit in nurseries or from breeders. You cannot buy a rabbit under 3 months old. Until this age, he still eats mother's milk, his sex and species characteristics are not fully manifested, and an emotional relationship with his mother is strong.
It is important to examine the animal - the individual should not have injuries, a clogged back (the back of healthy rabbits is round). Do not be shy and feel the animal, because it will not be possible to consider possible defects due to the long fur. The fur should be soft, well-groomed and shiny. It is worth paying attention to the jaw - the upper row of teeth of these rodents should go to the lower.
Pay attention to the behavior of the animal - a healthy individual is characterized by mobility, runs, jumps. If tired - resting on his side. If the animal is motionless, shifting from foot to foot or tilting its head to one side, this indicates serious health problems.
In the first days after the rabbit arrives at his new place of residence, he should not be stressed. The first 3-4 days it is better to leave it in the aviary, giving the opportunity to look around and get used to the house. Then you can take the rabbit in your hands 1-2 times a day for 10-15 minutes. Gradually, this time can be increased.
Angora rabbits are very attractive and photogenic, however a bright flash or a loud sound from the camera can frighten and dazzle them. This should be remembered when arranging a photo shoot with a pet.
About Angora rabbits, see the next video.
French Angora rabbits have an oval and slightly elongated body, and their weight is from about 3.5 to 4.5 kg, so they are quite voluminous individuals of this kind. Unlike English rabbits, French rabbits do not have pile on their paws, they can have tassels on their ears, claws of the same color. They are somewhat less demanding for care.
Dwarf Angora Down Bunny
Dwarf Angora down rabbit of various colors weighing up to 3.5 kg, and its body length can reach up to 50 cm. These rabbits are bred in the former Soviet Union. Their features include short ears, usually with tassels, as well as the presence of a large amount of fluff, due to the fact that animals do not have a breast. High-quality colored wool in an Angora fluffy rabbit is usually bred due to crossbreeding of white downy and other colored breeds.
Varieties Atlas and Giant
Atlas rabbits weigh up to 4.5 kg and have a body of medium length and proportional head size with a wide, oval forehead. The appearance of these rabbits was obtained by crossing French Angora with other Angora rabbits. Their fur, as is obvious from the name of the breed, is soft and shiny, can be either white or colored, the wool has high strength. The muzzle of the animal is not covered with hair, the claws are the same color.
Giant rabbits stand out among the rest with their high weight, reaching 6 kg, and are considered the largest among Angora. The color of their fur is white, there are tassels on the ears. Giants do not molt as much as the rest.
Angorka is a popular pet in Europe. They are friendly, not at all aggressive and smart enough. The soft nature of animals and the love of hands allow them to be kept in families with children.
During the training of pets, they should not raise their voices or make unnecessary sudden movements. The rabbit gets used to the gentle and careful attitude, affection and smooth speech of a person much faster. Angora are very playful and mobile.
It is always worthwhile to keep ready some kind of treat for the pet, but first, like all rabbits, which are shy by nature, he needs to be allowed to sniff his hand before stroking or picking up his hands so that he can recognize the smell of a person.
Keeping Angora rabbits is a simple matter, it takes a lot of time to care for the long hair of pets. Angora rabbits are required to be kept only in clean cages, in contrast to rabbits of other varieties, which are less demanding in this regard. This is because the animal’s fur in a dirty cage can easily get dirty or tangled, which can negatively affect the process of combing or cutting.
Angors are sheared exclusively by hand, sometimes the wool is simply plucked. Again, the frequency of cutting and combing is directly dependent on the breed. The main fur, which is tougher, is the largest among Giants, Atlases and rabbits of the French breed. They are not so whimsical in care, because the rigid structure of the hair almost does not allow them to get tangled. The soft and thin fur of representatives of the English breed, on the contrary, contributes to the frequent appearance of warlocks, which is why it is vital for them to comb out frequently.
The fur of such animals is trimmed once a month, and the rabbits are combed with a special brush once a week. The content of a furry pet is not limited to one clean cage. Equally important is the decor of the room in which the animal’s cell itself is located. Most suitable would be enclosed rooms with low humidity and a good ventilation system. Failure to follow these rules will cause the rabbit to catch a cold.
Acute intestinal diseases are a common cause of death in animals under 5 years old. To avoid this, you must regularly visit the veterinarian and take the necessary vaccinations: the first should be delivered when the pet is 1.5 months old, and the second is carried out 90 days after the first. You need to be vaccinated every six months. At a time when the rabbit is at home outside the cage, it is better to remove all fragile and dangerous objects, including wires, so as not to cause any harm to the active and curious animal.
Angorkis are very active and restless by nature, therefore, if the animal in the hands does not show signs of proper energy, is calm and does not try to escape from the hands, this may indicate the possible presence of the disease. The eyes of the animal should shine. Periodically, animals need to conduct a hygienic haircut. The Angora cropped rabbits look very funny and look like small dogs.
Buy Angora rabbit - tips
As a social being, the rabbit is interested in a suitable company, which an individual of the opposite sex can make up for him. If you are not going to endure giving birth to a rabbit endlessly, go to the veterinary clinic and sterilize both pets.
Important! The purity of the blood of the Angora rabbit is confirmed by its metric, but by no means the unfounded assurances of the seller.
Is it necessary to remind that both a thoroughbred and not purebred rabbit are carefully examined before purchase, checking the shine of the coat, the purity of the ears, nose and eyes.
To breed Angora rabbits brought a positive result, you need to know how to properly feed these pets. The animal should be fed with both grain and wet foods. The pet is very fond of root vegetables, cabbage, carrots, beets, and from herbs - sedge, clover. In winter, pets are given hay of cereals and legumes, while removing all spiky plants that can damage the rabbit's sensitive stomach.
In summer, it is better to diversify the diet with shoots of young plants and recently mowed grass. Before you get a rabbit, you need to watch how he will behave, take him in his arms. It is also worth exploring the Angora rabbit and the description of the animal, read the reviews and see the photo.
Where to buy, Angora rabbit price
In pet stores they offer 3-week or even 2-week-old cubs, although the ideal age of the rabbit being sold is 2-2.5 months, when he is already torn from his mother’s chest and is able to chew grass on his own.
Do not buy also in the market, in transitions, enriching crooks. Look for "refuseniks" on Avito, thematic forums, or contact a trusted breeder. The price of a good representative of the Angora group starts from 10 thousand rubles.
Tune in to the fact that the rabbit will not be affectionate (like a cat) and affectionate, like a dog. With sexual arousal, he will become distinctly aggressive. In the aviary, the eared is locked only at night (so that it does not interfere with the household’s sleep), and during the day he is allowed to walk around the apartment.
Many advise you to feed the rabbit only with vegetables and hay, ignoring factory feed, and also remind you that your pets need to be vaccinated. Most domestic aibolites cannot treat rabbits - you should also be aware of this. With proper care and luck, your Angora rabbit will live 8-12 years.
How much do Angora pets cost
How much pets of different Angora breeds cost depends on many factors. The cost does not differ much between nearby regions, but the closer to the capital, the higher it will be. The price sometimes depends on where and under what circumstances the rabbit was purchased. Private sellers have pets from 1000 rubles, when on special farms the price is from 200 thousand rubles. for one individual.
But this difference does not always justify itself, because a simple farmer can go out a healthy rabbit and sell it inexpensively, while in some well-known nursery not very healthy animals will be sold at a high price. An Angora lop-eared rabbit or rabbit can cost more, since the first is a rather rare specimen, and the second can be used for breeding.
When buying, you need to pay attention to the coat of the Angora rabbit and its condition.