Homeland and time of occurrence:
Italy, Middle Ages
Country of largest population:
43-48 cm, 13-16 kg
Average prices for puppies:
Pet class and tribal marriage - 0-1000 €
Brid-class -1000-2000 €
Show class -2000-3000 €
Traits of the breed (on a 5-point scale):
|Activity in the house||3.2|
|Obedience in training||4.7|
|Obedience to a stranger||3.7|
|Protection of the territory from people||1.4|
|Protection of the territory from animals||1.9|
|Sociability in the family||4.9|
|Sociability with strangers||1.9|
|Sociability with dogs||3|
|Aggressiveness in the family||1|
|Aggressiveness to strangers||1.5|
|Aggressiveness to animals||3.3|
|Disruptions in behavior||2.5|
|Tolerance for children under 4 years old||4.3|
|Tolerance for children over 4 years old||4.6|
Eugenio Raimondi wrote in 1630 that water dogs are common on the Adriatic coast in Venice, where they are used to feed ducks from the water. Other documents from 1660 also refer to water dogs used to hunt waterfowl, which were rich in Italian lagoons, in particular coot. The hunters greatly appreciated these dogs, because they were easily trained to feed game from the water, but, in addition to the hunters, they were also used by fishermen, who helped the dogs pull small boats on a rope. Sometimes so many hunters gathered in the shallow water that bird shooting turned into a real slaughter. Dogs, on the other hand, tirelessly picked up game, swimming and diving even in water with an ice crust, from which curly wool protected them well. The closest relatives of Lagotto are a Portuguese water dog, Spanish, Irish and American water spaniels, which are very similar in type of composition and features of the coat. There is no doubt that their ancestors are common, with the most famous and refined breed from this family became a poodle.
Lagotto Romagnolo is the oldest known water dog breed. There is evidence that these dogs lived back in 1600 in the lagoons of Comacchio and the swamps of Romagna. They could spend hours in icy water to bring a shot bird to the boat. Dense curly hair with dense undercoat saved them from hypothermia. With the drainage of swamps, the scope of the breed has changed. Lagotto was constantly crossed with other breeds, from which he almost lost his original form. In the late 1970s. purebred breeding resumed. In 1995, the breed was previously recognized by the IFF.
Games, entertainment, recreation:
Initially, dogs of this breed guarded houses and boats, scared a water bird, and ported it. These are later great truffle pickers. They can engage in tracing work, some types of dog sports, for example, agility, obedience. This is an ideal family favorite.
Lagotto Romagnolo is a temperamental dog. She is cheerful, peaceful, alert. He loves water. Likes to swim in dirty puddles. The dog is devoted to the owner. Kind to the children. Easy to learn. He does not tolerate loneliness. Not aggressive.
Particular attention should be paid to the ears, as the dog loves to swim.
Features of the content:
The dog's coat does not fade, so combing is not required. Twice a year, wool is recommended to be trimmed by 3 mm. It is necessary to monitor the condition of the ears. It takes a long walk, space and exercise.
Head - medium sizes
Jaws - strong
Eyes - large enough, rounded, dark brown or light brown, depending on the main color
The ears - medium sized, triangular, hanging, rounded at the ends
Neck - long, muscular with a clear outline
Back - straight, with well-developed muscles
Tail - saber shape.
A lover of forest lakes and mushroom hunting lagotto romagnolo
The breed of lake dogs from Romagna, or lagotto romagnolo, can be compared by its uniqueness and value with the expensive gastronomic delicacy, which is appreciated by connoisseurs.
The four-legged ancient breed has been serving people with love and devotion for many years. The sharp scent of the dog determined its main purpose - the search for underground treasures in the form of truffle mushrooms.
Lagotto Romagnolo is an ancient Italian breed of dog, very little is known about its origin. The president of the Italian club of the breed J. Martiani is inclined to the version that the water dogs came from an ancient peat dog, which gave rise to most modern breeds. Other cynologists consider this version unlikely and say that dogs of this type descended from an ashen dog, which was the ancestor of many hunting breeds.
The fact that water dogs were widespread in Italy already in the 17th century is indicated by numerous paintings by Italian artists, as well as written references. In 1630, water dogs were described by Eugenio Raymondi. In the 18th century, curly Italians in their work mention the Swedish naturalist Karl Linney. Both researchers write that these are friendly dogs that mainly live in the Emilia-Romagna region, are used for water hunting, swim and train well, have thick curly hair and can dive in the wake of the game into the water with an ice crust without harm to health .
The Lagotto Romagnolo Breed Club was organized only in 1988. In 1991, the breed received official recognition by the FCI.
Breed Features and Character
Historical roots lagotto romagnolo in the north of Italy. In old paintings, curly dogs are depicted next to representatives of the nobility, in which the ancestors of the lagotto are recognizable.
Since the 17th century, pets with a cheerful disposition and excellent instinct were taken for water hunting. In Sweden, Great Britain they appreciated the skills of hunting dogs and the ability to get game even from under the ice crust on the water. Thick coat protected animals from hypothermia.
It is no coincidence that among the closest relatives breeds of lagotto romagnolo Irish and Spanish Water Spaniels. Among the relatives of the Italian individuals distinguishes the devotion of a companion, a high degree of learning, physical endurance, a unique scent. The practical value of the breed has gained fame in Europe and beyond.
Over time, the massive drainage of swamps to expand agricultural land led to the unclaimed demand of unique dogs. There were no waterfowl, hunting stopped.
Breeders suggested using lagotto in detecting underground truffles. Success, thanks to the working qualities of the breed, exceeded all expectations. Dogs found mushrooms underground with a layer of 60 cm. The natural ability to dig holes, industriousness and complaisant nature determined a new "mushroom" direction in the service of tetrapods.
Finding truffles is an unusually gambling activity for both humans and dogs. The lagotto find is delivered to the owner. The smell of mushrooms has been familiar to them since childhood, so they know their job.
Other odors do not distract the dogs. They are not afraid of encounters with snakes, wild animals, insect bites and forest weeds. Physical endurance allows you to travel long distances in search of prey in several mushrooms. They are distinguished by focus on the task and extraordinary hard work.
Character dogs lagotto romagnolo loving. Very attached to the owner and family, does not tolerate loneliness and separation. Loves children, ready for any fun and outdoor games.
If the house contains other pets, then the dog does not behave pugnaciously, friendly, get along with everyone, not showing jealousy. Pets are wary of strangers, inform the owner of the undesirable manifestations of guests.
It should be noted that centuries-old hunting habits have not been eradicated in the breed. Therefore, the owner of the dog should be active and take time to walk, communicate, raise an animal.
In nature, the lagotto can be carried away by the pursuit of prey, its passion for water will manifest itself in bathing even in a puddle, and the indefatigable desire to dig will lead to the search not only for mushrooms.
Restrictions in space and movement lead to diseases of dogs. Therefore, you need to have pets with a responsible attitude to their needs for an active life and ministry. Buy lagotto romagnolo and keep in the apartment is impractical.
Until the 17th century, Italian water dogs were mainly used by sailors to protect sailboats, as tied between boats and to send messages to the shore. In the 17-18 centuries, dogs began to be used as hunting dogs to feed birds from the water. As it turned out, the lagotto possessed all the qualities necessary for a retriever: a keen sense of flair, excitement and a talent for fitting out. Over time, the vast swampy area of Emilia-Romagna was dried up and turned into arable land, the local population had nowhere to hunt, and therefore the dogs were no longer needed. But Lagotto-Romagnolo were not forgotten, they just found another application.
They began to use Lagotto to search for truffles, thanks to their energy and excellent scent, dogs do an excellent job of this task and find mushrooms to a depth of 60 cm. In the homeland of Lagotto romagnolo they also serve as bloodhounds in the police. In America, they can be seen in the ranks of Canis therapists. Lagotto is suitable for various sports, the most suitable disciplines for them: agility, flyball, freestyle and the like. But above all, these are wonderful companions and family dogs.
Video about the dog breed Lagotto Romagnolo (Italian water dog):
Description of the breed (standard requirements)
Recognition of the breed took place only in 1991, despite the historical roots of dogs. A few years later officially approved. The appearance of the animal is harmonious, proportional, sporty. Characterized by a strong physique and average height, from 42 to 48 cm, weight does not exceed 14-16 kg. As part of the norm, males are slightly larger than females.
A small head, on the muzzle, the hair forms a beard. Big round eyes. Up eyebrows. Eye color is harmonious with coat color: from light ocher to dark brown. The neck is muscular, without a chest. Ears are triangular in shape, hanging. The tail is acinaciform, located below the back.
The limbs are strong, paws in a lump. Dark pads and developed membranes in the interdigital spaces are characteristic. Dog hair is notable for curly and stiff, thick hair with a moderate length of strands. Curls are located throughout the body. Waterproof undercoat protects from cold and moisture.
The dog needs a regular haircut to avoid the formation of tangles. Color in a range of shades from white-red to thick brown. One-color and two-color representatives of the breed are found, with dark spots on a light background or with a contrasting mask on the muzzle within the main color scheme.
Lagotto-Romagnolo - a dog of medium size, proportional to the addition of a light skeleton, should not seem overloaded. A thick, curly coat evenly covers the body, should emphasize the athletic physique, and not hide it. Square format housing. The height at the withers of the males is 43-48 cm, the female is 40-46 cm. Outwardly and in character, the Italian lagotto has a clear resemblance to the Spanish, Portuguese water dog and barbet.
The head, when viewed from above, is trapezoidal, moderately wide. The skull is wide, domed. Stop marked, but hardly noticeable. The muzzle is quite wide, shorter than the cranial part, has the shape of a blunt, truncated wedge. The back of the nose is straight, the lobe is large with open movable nostrils, the median groove is pronounced. Seen from the side, the nose may be slightly protruding in relation to the front edge of the lips. Color varies from dark brown to light brown, depending on the color. Lips fit tightly to the jaws, covered with a bristly mustache. The edges are the same color as the nose. Jaws strong, teeth well developed, scissor bite or straight. The eyes are large, rounded, brown color of different intensities depending on color. Eyelids fit tightly, eyelashes are well developed, the look is attentive, the expression is lively. Ears of medium size, triangular in shape with rounded ends, set slightly above the superciliary arches. At rest hang down when the alert dog is slightly raised. The hair on the ears is very wavy, should not be short, on the inside the auricle is also covered with wool.
The neck is muscular, dry, strong, oval, without suspension. In length, slightly less than the length of the head. The hull is strong, compact, the top line is straight. The withers are high, the back is straight, the lower back is slightly convex. The croup is a little sloping. The chest is well developed, rather narrow in front, expanding back. The bottom line is almost horizontal, the stomach is slightly tightened. The tail is not set very high, tapers to the tip, reaches the hock joints. At rest, saber-shaped, omitted, never twists into a ring. Extremities of the correct structure, vertical, parallel. The paws are round, compact, arched, with well-compressed fingers, strong curved claws and well-pigmented pads. Interdigital membranes are well developed.
Wool special texture. The coarse root is twisted into dense curls that are evenly distributed over the body and tail. On the head they are not so dense, whiskers, a beard and plentiful eyebrows also form. The undercoat is visible. The remaining coat and undercoat provide the dog with water resistance. Colors: solid white, white with orange or brown spots, taupe and brown of various shades with or without white, orange with white or without it. Some brown dogs have a dark brown mask.
Care and maintenance
An active dog will feel comfortable in the courtyard of the house, where space allows you to move, get exercise, explore the area and dig the ground. Living temperament requires daily exercise and stress.
In grooming, the dog’s dense coat requires attention. The advantage of the breed is the absence of molting; dead hairs do not fall out. But for this reason, the lagotto requires regular haircuts to avoid rolling wool, the formation of tangles.
It is impossible to comb the hair, so as not to straighten curls and not to spoil the look of the dog. Twice a year (at the beginning of summer and early autumn), it is recommended to cut headlessly. By the hunting season, the optimal hair length will be restored. The temperature balance of the animal and the health of the pet depend on the condition of the coat.
The ears and eyes of the dog are cleaned as necessary. Claws are cut as they grow. You need to bathe your pet once a month. The dog loves this procedure very much, as it has a passion for water.
Dogs live on average 14-16 years. Health that is excellent by nature must be maintained by a healthy and balanced diet. Homemade food in the diet is not enough, you need special fortified feed.
During intense physical exertion, the amount of food should be increased by 20%. Mandatory vaccination against various diseases and treatment against parasites. The dosage should be appropriate for the weight of the dog.
Puppies lagotto romagnolo from the age of one and a half months they are taught the basics of playing with the subject. The search for each thing ends with its reward. For example, a dog quickly remembers that you need to find the ball to give a cracker.
Therefore, when he sees the award, he understands the task. Also in nurseries lagotto romagnolo selected for training and future work in the police. The most intelligent representatives of the breed are indispensable helpers in the search for explosives or drugs. The best care for the pet is regular training and communication with a four-legged companion.
Nature and behavior
Lagotto Romagnolo is a friendly, energetic, sociable, very hardworking and active dog that does not tolerate loneliness and boredom, ready to always and everywhere follow the owner and take an active part in family life. In general, it is a balanced, highly human-oriented dog, lively and sociable, without signs of cowardice or aggression. At home, Italian water dogs behave calmly. Of course, they are immensely happy about the return of the owner after a long five-minute breakup, but even when left alone, they do not smash furniture and do not rush headlong. They are very energetic on the street, they can play for a very long time without getting tired and with great pleasure get acquainted with new places and smells. Easily tolerate trips and quickly adapt to new conditions. Strangers are wary, with a closer acquaintance, friendly.
Lagotto-romagnolo are strongly attached to the family, they single out one owner among all, but without special honors, they love everyone and obey about the same. Suitable for families with children due to their loyalty to fussiness and pranks. Older children will become good friends and companions in games. Get along well with any other domestic animals, live peacefully with cats and learn to calmly respond to smaller animals.
Italian water dogs have a natural focus on search and a passion for apportioning, but their hunting instincts have been somewhat modified by sequential genetic selection. This was necessary so that the dog looking for truffles was not distracted by the smell of game. By its nature and physical data, the lagotto cannot be a guard, but it performs well the function of a guard dog, warns the owner of barking about everything suspicious.
Price and reviews on lagotto romagnolo
The acquisition of a dog is not entertainment, the owner has the responsibility for the life, health and behavior of the pet. You need to love a little friend as a child and forgive him gnawed things, spoiled flower beds and mess around.
Buy puppy lagotto romagnolo in Russia is difficult. A rare breed must be sought in Italy. The future owner should be aware of the purpose of the acquisition, what he will prepare the pet for, what working qualities to develop. The tasks will also depend on price of lagotto romagnolo. On average, it is 1000-1500 US dollars.
Owner reviews are united by an assessment of the dog as a family companion. The ability to get along with everyone, to be obedient and disciplined allows you to take a dog with you everywhere and be calm in its decent behavior. Therefore, the popularity of the breed in the present is constantly growing.
Parenting and training
Lagotto-Romagnolo can be called a fairly simple breed in terms of education and training. Dogs are smart and quick-witted, quickly memorize commands, are contact-oriented and person-oriented. In the process of growing up, they learn to understand the owner at a glance. The process of education should be soft, consistent, without pressure and drill. Due to their loyalty, ingenuity and ease of training, the Lagotto Romagnolo are well suited as the first dog.
Lagotto romagnolo are very convenient for keeping in the house or in the apartment. They practically do not fade and have no specific smell. Puppies, as a rule, do not cause inconvenience during adulthood, quickly learn the rules of behavior, are not prone to damage things or excessive fussiness. In principle, a lagotto can be kept in the courtyard of a private house. These dogs tolerate the cold well and adapt to the summer heat, but psychologically they will suffer greatly in loneliness, need constant company, should be part of the family.
The Italian water dog is athletic, active and playful, it needs good physical exertion and will require many hours of walking from the owner. As befits water dogs, lagottos are very fond of swimming. With the first warming and until the frosts, they enthusiastically jump into the water. Swimming should be an integral part of their life. In addition, it is important to provide them with good mental stress. It can be various classes, games, a search task, everything that will help to include a sharp scent and innate hunting talents in the matter.
Care for Lagotto-Romagnolo includes: combing, washing, haircut and basic hygiene procedures. Like other dogs, their hair sheds, but overripe hair does not fall to the floor, but remains on the dog. With regular combing, it is cleaned with a comb and does not crumble at all. A weekly combing is also necessary to prevent the formation of tangles. Bathing is indicated as needed, usually every 2-3 months. Other mandatory hygiene procedures include regular brushing of ears, teeth, and nail cutting. If the dog eats straight, it is advisable to wash it after eating. Lagotto Romagnolo showing regular haircuts. If the hair is not cut, it becomes felt (it grows constantly).
If the lagotto is not exposed, the hair can be cut very short, literally 1-2 cm. The short cover will not stray into tangles, get dirty and molt, which will further facilitate the care of the dog. Show dogs leave their hair long, about 4 cm. A rounded hat is formed on the head, eyes should be clearly visible.
Italians have a special approach to grooming a water dog. They believe that combing them in principle is not necessary, but 1-2 times a year the dog needs to be trimmed under the clipper and then grow a new coat, which, until it reaches a certain length, does not stray into mats and does not fade. In this case, the dog cannot participate in exhibitions for about 3-4 months after the haircut.
The appearance of the dog and the health depend on the quality of the nutrition of Lagotto-Romagnolo, so you should not save on products. The type of feeding the owner chooses. It can be home-made food or industrial feed. Both options work equally well if all feeding rules are followed. Lagotto is suitable super-premium and above-class feed for medium-sized dogs that lead a normal or active lifestyle.
Lagotto-romagnolo rarely suffer from food allergies, but are prone to gain weight, especially with a sedentary lifestyle. In feeding, you must follow the regime, provide the dog with free access to clean drinking water and monitor the total calorie intake, which is often greatly overestimated by the presence of sweets. If the owners do not begin to pamper their Italian, food problems usually do not arise.
Health and Life Expectancy
The Italian water dog is a strong, hardy and relatively healthy breed in genetic terms. The average life expectancy is 13-14 years. With good care and nutrition, any health problems are rare. Recently, in connection with a sharp increase in the number of breeders, breeders have observed a growth trend in hereditary diseases. Common ones include:
- Hip dysplasia and other orthopedic problems,
- Juvenile epilepsy,
- Ophthalmic diseases,
- Lagotto lysosomal storage disease.
Occasionally, various tribal marriages are found, for example, a malocclusion, a wool type that does not match the breed, non-standard color, and others. To keep Lagotto-Romagnolo healthy and active, it is important to follow standard veterinary and preventive measures: treatment from external and internal parasites, vaccination.
Selection of a puppy of the breed Lagotto-Romagnolo
The main livestock of Lagotto-Romagnolo is concentrated in Italy, Sweden, Great Britain, France, and the USA. In Russia today the number of livestock is very small and only a few owners are engaged in breeding. For this reason, finding an ad for a puppy will not be easy. The number of nurseries that are engaged in professional breeding in the whole CIS can be counted on the fingers. Those who want to buy an Italian water dog for an exhibition and breeding career usually turn to Italian or other foreign kennels, but even in this case, a suitable baby often has to wait a long time.
The rarity and exclusivity of the breed, as well as the fact that most of the representatives were recently brought to Russia from elite Italian nurseries, allows breeders to keep the price at a fairly high level. An average Lagotto Romagnolo puppy costs 80,000 rubles.