Artesian-Norman Basset, an old breed of hounds from the group of bassets. Bred in France by crossing extinct breeds of the present - the old French hound, the heavy Norman basset and the lighter basset Artois. To fix the modern type of breed, individuals with genetic short legs were selected. In turn A.-nb. participated in the creation of the basset hound. Somewhat slow, but thanks to his excellent instinct, he tracks down game perfectly. Valued for its affectionate character, smartness, original appearance and good health. Bred in Europe, mainly in France. In Russia is absent. A.-nb. - A squat dog with a very large head and a long body. Growth 26–36 See weight about 15 kg. The length of the muzzle is slightly more than half the length of the head. The eyes are large, dark, with a mild sad expression, the third eyelid is noticeable. The skin on the cheeks is creased. The nose is black, wide, slightly protruding forward. The ears are long, set at eye level or lower, thin, pointed at the end. The neck is quite long, with a slight suspension of folded skin. The limbs are short, with a strong skeleton, the forelegs with slightly curved forearms, slightly brought together wrists. The paws are small, round, large, with massive pads and strong claws. Between the wrist and paw, the skin sometimes forms folds. The tail is quite long, saber-shaped, held just above the line of the back. The coat is short, snug, relatively stiff. Color: white, orange-white, white-red with shabraki - black or badger color.
Because the A.-nb. Bred specifically for hunting, it should be exclusively in the hands of the hunter.
Animals in the house. - M .: Big Russian Encyclopedia. Grebtsova V.G., Tarshis M.G., Fomenko G.I. . 1994.
France is considered the birthplace of these animals, known since the 17th century. They were bred by local breeders by crossing several different breeds. Presumably, the old French hounds, Norman bassets and Artois bassets took part in their formation.
The originally obtained mestizos had a height of about 58 cm at the withers and were used to hunt rabbits, hares and roe deer. At the end of the XIX century they were divided into two main lines, visually different from each other. The artesian-Norman show-type basset hats have a smart exterior with curved limbs and long ears. Representatives of the second, working line are distinguished by a strong physique, straight legs and a pronounced hunting instinct. The first breed standard appeared in 1898 and has since been repeatedly adjusted. Today these animals are bred mainly in Germany and in France.
The artesian-Norman basset is a medium-sized dog, growing up to 26-36 cm at the withers and weighing no more than 20 kg. On a massive head with a pronounced occipital protuberance and a convex skull covered with folded skin, there are low-set soft drooping ears and dark oval eyes.
The elongated neck smoothly passes into a well-visible withers, an even wide back, a powerful lower back and a rounded croup, ending with the base of a saber tail. Under the squat body with a developed chest, there are two pairs of short, slightly curved limbs with massive paws. The whole body of the animal is covered with a tight-fitting coat of two- or three-color color.
The artesian-norman basset is a brave and hardy dog with well-developed hunting qualities. He is endowed with a strong-willed character and the ability to make independent decisions. He is very contactable, friendly and pleasant in communication. This dog quickly becomes attached to its owner and members of his family. A genetic predisposition to a flocking lifestyle allows him to easily get along with other pets.
Bassets are dogs that can easily find a common language with children. They are reliable enough and, if necessary, can become not only a great assistant on the hunt, but also a good companion. Thanks to a targeted selection, during which specialists screened out especially aggressive dogs, these animals are good-naturedly disposed towards people and do not feel distrust of strangers. Because they are completely unsuitable for the role of a guard.
Maintenance and care
Bassets are dogs that do not require the creation of special conditions. They can live in a private house with a fenced plot, and in a small city apartment. Caring for them is so simple that any inexperienced owner can easily cope with it. Short dog hair should be combed out with a special brush at least a couple of times a week. You need to bathe the animal as it gets dirty. Moreover, it is better to do this using specialized shampoo.
The long ears of the dog require special attention. They hang down, fitting tightly to the head, which greatly complicates natural ventilation. To prevent pathogens from multiplying in them, it is recommended that they be systematically cleaned of dirt and dust accumulated there. You also need to regularly trim the grown claws and treat the animal from external internal parasites.
Having dealt with the peculiarities of the content of the artesian-Norman basset, you need to find out the better to feed the representatives of this breed. Like any other dog, they can be given both industrial and natural food.
Fans of ready-made dry feed should recommend choosing super-premium or holistic-class products produced by trusted manufacturers. Before buying, it is important to pay attention not only to the expiration date, but also to the contents of the package. A good amount of meat should be present in a quality feed and not contain dyes, preservatives or cereals.
Adherents of natural nutrition should also remember a few simple rules. The basis of the dog's diet should be low-fat raw meat, previously subjected to freezing. Several times a week it can be replaced with saltwater fish and offal. In addition, eggs, vegetables, cereals, cottage cheese and kefir should appear from time to time in a bowl of artesian-Norman basset. As for the prohibited products, these include sausages, smoked meats, pickles, sweets, tubular bones, chocolate, river fish, muffins and citrus fruits.
Basset is an inquisitive dog with a complaisant disposition. It is relatively easy to learn, especially if you start it at an early puppy age. In the process of training, it is important to remember that these animals are endowed with a developed hunting instinct and can be distracted by extraneous odors. Therefore, during the lessons you can’t punish the dog, and his interest should be supported by praise and goodies.
After the puppy gets comfortable in the new house, he should be trained to respond to his own nickname. As soon as the dog joyfully runs to the call of the owner, you can complicate the task, gradually introducing different commands. It is important that by the age of one, your pet should be fully controlled. It should automatically execute at least basic commands, such as “To Me”, “Fu”, “Place”, “Nearby” and “Stand”.
In addition to obedience, it is important to socialize the animal in time. To do this, after the end of the quarantine associated with the vaccination, you need to take the puppy out onto the street, constantly changing places of walks and introducing him to new people and animals. Thanks to this, he will get used to various stimuli and stop reacting violently to them. In the future, this will greatly facilitate the life of both you and your four-legged friend.
Health and Life Expectancy
Artesian-Norman Basset - strong and hardy dog. He is naturally endowed with excellent health, but like any living creature can sometimes get sick. Most often, representatives of this breed are diagnosed with hypothyroidism and ear infections. Also, they often have various problems with the back and joints.
With proper care, these dogs can live up to 13-15 years. And in order not to shorten the period measured by nature, the dog should be vaccinated regularly, treated for parasites and brought to routine veterinary examinations.