The main role in the improvement of such territories is played by green spaces. They perform the following functions:
- reduce the level of dustiness of the territory, adsorbing harmful substances from the environment,
- reduce the bacterial pollution of the air atmosphere, with the help of volatile, which secrete many types of plants and trees. These substances have a detrimental effect on saprophytic and pathogenic microorganisms. For example, volatile leaves of birch, poplar and fir kill staphylococci, streptococci, tuberculosis pathogens. Needles and oak leaves secrete volatile, destroying pathogenic intestinal flora,
- reduce the level of noise pollution in the territory. In the landscaping zone, the noise intensity decreases by 30-40%. In hospitals near medical buildings located in the depths of the site, noise levels above 45 dBA for daytime and 35 dBA for nighttime are not allowed.
- The green color of the leaves softens the annoying brightness of sunlight. The presence of balsamic, essential oils in the air has a calming and beneficial effect on the psycho-emotional state of patients, thereby contributing to their speedy recovery,
- favorably affect the microclimate of the hospital site. In the hot season, green spaces lower the temperature, moisturize the air, and weaken the wind. They protect against solar radiation, so that the radiation temperature and the surface temperature of the soil in the green area is two times lower than in the area without green spaces. The windproof effect of trees extends to a distance equal to their tenfold height.
In accordance with the adopted classification of urban green spaces, the territories of health care facilities are classified as restricted. The greening of the territories of hospitals is aimed at creating favorable conditions for rest and restoring the health of patients. The area of green spaces and lawns on the territory of the city hospital should be at least 60% of the total area of the site. Plantings on the territory of the hospital create the most favorable sanitary and hygienic conditions for therapeutic procedures in the open air. They improve the insolation mode of the indoor premises in medical buildings, increase the level of protection of these rooms from wind and dust, delimit territories into areas of different functional purpose, isolate the carriageway from the main territory, etc.
We must not forget that some trees and shrubs can have a negative effect on the sick. Maple pollen of ash, poplar trembling (aspen) has an allergenic effect and can cause coughing and headache. Most often, allergies are caused by contact with pollen from wind-pollinated plants. Their pollen is volatile, and during flowering of such plants accumulates in the air in an amount sufficient to create a certain rather high concentration. From the point of view of possible allergization, the most dangerous are the pollen allergens of spring trees and shrubs, meadow and weeds. Among cereal and meadow herbs, timothy pollen has a pronounced allergenic activity. Among pollen allergens of Compositae and weeds, pollen of wormwood and ragweed prevails, therefore, these breeds should not be used in hospital parks. And also poisonous species of trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants. The species composition of trees, shrubs, flowers, planting techniques, the nature and density of gardening, types of compositions, color combinations should be organized taking into account the specialization of the hospital.
On the territory of tuberculosis hospitals, coniferous plants are widely used, which have great phytoncidity and have a positive effect on the respiratory system.
On the territory of psychiatric hospitals create a fruit garden and a vegetable garden for the work of patients. When designing a park landscape, groups of trees and shrubs of stimulating and calming effects on the human body are formed. On the territory of the park there are recreation areas isolated by landings, separately for men and women.
On the territory of children's hospitals a diverse assortment of flowers, trees and shrubs in various combinations is used, which is not only decorative and health-improving, but also educational and educational. A significant number of exotics are planted. When selecting plant assortments for parks at children's hospitals, prickly and poisonous trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants are unacceptable.
On the territory of oncological dispensaries, a large number of various decorative trees and shrubs are planted, which contribute to raising the mood through positive emotional and aesthetic effects on the patient. People with cancer, as a rule, are contraindicated in physical activity. Therefore, the territory of oncology dispensaries must be equipped with a large number of cozy gazebos, many benches for relaxation, decorated with bright floral arrangements. Arrangement of an artificial reservoir or fountain is possible. A stream of flowing water moisturizes the air, has a beneficial, calming effect on the human psyche. Also, a beautiful view from the window can favorably affect the well-being of sick and healthy people.
The roads of the hospital garden landscaping should be a circular walking routes that combine sites, separate corners of the park and the shortest paths leading to sites, facilities with medical procedures. On dosed walking roads - torrenkur - up to 3000 m long, every 50 ... 100 m should have rest places in the form of small shaded areas with benches. The grounds should be accented with flowers, flower vases, sculpture, drinking fountains can also be installed, etc. Torrencourt routes should not coincide with the most intensely visited roads and sections of the territory. When organizing torcenours, the effective and uniform distribution of loads is of great importance, so the most significant slopes (7 ... 12%) should be in the middle of the route. In the hospital area for medical purposes, it is necessary to provide a protective zone 10 ... 30 m wide and an area for medical purposes (based on one person), m 2:
Climatologists attach great importance to the landscaping of the hospital and its artistic appearance, since everything should contribute to the treatment and relaxation of patients. Plants can have a direct effect on physiological processes, which is associated withphytoncidity - the ability of plants to release beneficial volatile substances. Plant volatile contribute to the purification of air from pathogenic microorganisms polluting it. The following trees and shrubs can be attributed to the most active plants by the degree of phytoncidity: pedunculate oak, maple, deciduous birch, ordinary pine, aspen, Siberian fir, bird cherry, hazel, common juniper, raspberry, ordinary barberry (purple leaf form) game, etc.
These plants contribute to the ionization of air. Significantly increase the number of light (negative) ions, oak oak, spruce, silver maple, red maple, Siberian larch, mountain ash, European pine, common lilac.
Plants and their various combinations can affect the emotional and mental state of people (form of crowns, trunk, color of foliage, etc.). It is recommended to use trees and shrubs with calm ovoid, oval and weeping forms of crowns. Plants whose color is close to the mid-wave parts of the spectrum with a lightness of about 50 ... 70% and a saturation of about 40% have an unfavorable exciting effect. Conducted in the twentieth century. Studies have shown that the factors affecting patients of trees and shrubs are determined by their shape, compactness, shape, structure and color of leaves, flowering and fruits, aroma and rustle of foliage.
As strongly therapeutic factors can be used:
- an array of trees and shrubs from small-leaved conifers (spruce, Balkan, juniper), which create a "restless" shape, acts as a useful irritant of visual perception, promotes a good mood,
- a group of coniferous columnar trees (evergreen cypress, western thuja), which enliven the impression, brighten up the uniformity,
- a bosquet of trees and shrubs (field maple and fragrant honeysuckle or pencilvan ash and black elderberry), which have soft round shapes that relieve stress.
The variety of tree crown shapes used in landscape composition on the territory of the hospital gardening can be reduced to correctly geometric (conical, columnar, oval, spherical) and freely forming (widely spreading, narrowly spreading, umbrella-spreading, weeping-spreading).
What is vertical gardening?
Fitostena is a professionally designed composition of indoor plants - living or stabilized.
The advantage of a living wall is its versatility. After all, it allows you to realize any idea, both a classic, green monophonic composition, and lush, with a riot of colors, selected from different plants. Flowers for these purposes are selected depending on their compatibility with each other and external conditions.
In addition, some varieties of phytowalls are a kind of samples of a full-fledged ecosystem, which itself provides the necessary care thanks to the built-in irrigation system. There are the following varieties of such designs:
- living wall with a pocket system - the roots freely penetrate into the felt material, there is an integrated drip irrigation system, water is discharged through the sewer network (the sump must be connected to a drain pipe). Thus, this option requires a connection to the water supply,
- living wall with a modular system. This option is somewhat simpler, since watering from a watering can is enough for plants, automatic water supply is not necessary. For the installation of such a design, it is only necessary to have a free vertical surface. Plants are planted in containers, which, in turn, are placed in modules. Modules with cells are fixed on a PVC or fiberboard panel, which will be the layer between the wall and the system,
- stabilized moss wall - a unique natural material combining natural beauty, naturalness and excellent decorative qualities.
A corner of nature in the interior: where vertical landscaping will be appropriate
Although the size of small rooms imposes some restrictions on the use of eco-decorators, today this service remains quite popular in a wide variety of areas, for example:
- in the apartment. In this case, the choice of plants for vertical gardening is based on how far the wall is from the window, or on the similarity of the requirements for watering and basic care. Such a design will become not only the owner’s pride, but, if necessary, will help to divide the room into zones,
- in the office. It is proved that gardening has a beneficial effect on performance. Plants selected for the office improve the microclimate, refresh the air and give the office a recognizable and stylish look,
- in shopping centers, restaurants, hotels and other crowded places. The selection of plants is carried out so that the design relaxes and pacifies. In addition, it will very eloquently testify to the high status of the institution.
Assortment of indoor plants from Terracultures
We selected unique samples of the best representatives of the flora. From the variety of creeping flowers and mosses, we will choose the best options for decorating your room. Hamedorea, Scheffler, Epipremnum Aureum and Philodendron Brasil are perfectly combined among themselves. Such plants for landscaping as Aglaonema, Liriope, Maranta, Asparagus, Asplenium will also effectively look like a living wall.
There are options for planting flowering, decorative foliage or ampelous compositions. You can see all possible combinations in the "Portfolio" section.
How we are working
Contact Terracultures! Specialists will select the best plants for vertical gardening at a cost of 30,000 rubles. per square meter. Duration of the project - from 3 weeks. In our company you can get a free design project and expert advice on any matter of interest. Call me!
This garden looks like an alpine hill, it reproduces the mountain landscape. Its feature is the use of a large amount of natural stone. Such a garden, as a rule, has an uneven relief or is located on a slope. If the site is flat, the relief is artificially created. Most of the plantations in the alpine garden are low, preference is given to coniferous plants.
all conifers, mostly low: mountain pine, pyramidal and creeping junipers, Canadian spruce Konika, thuja. Single planting of fruit crops, including creeping apple trees, is suitable.
It gives the impression of an old English manor with the very lawn that has been mowed for 300 years. Elegance with elements of classics, but without regularity and symmetry. We can say landscape classics. The English-style garden is not full of bright colors, the first violin in it is played by foliage and herbs.
birch, oak, chestnut, larch, mountain ash (wild or dessert).
This word translates roughly as "deliberate, artistic poverty." The garden is designed in such a way that it looks artistically, freely, without frames and canons, but in some places, with deliberate simplicity, overlooked sophistication. As if the owner of the garden is the trendsetter of the garden fashion. Art believe - to some extent, a bohemian style.
actinidia, lemongrass, girl's grapes, clematis and honeysuckle honeysuckle.
blue and silver spruce, thuja, black pine or Veymutov pine, columnar juniper, chestnut, maple, columnar apple tree, weeping birch or willow.
Art & Craft
Garden of needlework and art. Very many people have been intuitively enjoying it for a long time and therefore have taken root in summer cottages, although the owners sometimes do not know that this is Art and Craft. Here prevails manual work, garden figurines, characters, various miniatures and compositions. A lot of bright plants and "stylish little things." As a result, a garden in this style is perceived as “warm” and homely.
mountain ash, blue spruce, willow or weeping birch, artificially formed trees: elm, birch, oak, linden, maple, alder, chestnut, poplar, as well as all fruit and conifers.
Despite the name, the architectural style is very “floral”. He seems to interpret the architecture, depicts it in the language of the landscape. That is, the forms and images of various structures and structures are played out here. Style seems to tell us that everything, whatever a person creates, one way or another had prototypes in living nature. And the MAFs themselves (small architectural forms) are no more in it than in others.
Ceremonial, luxurious, palace style.But it is possible in the usual suburban area.
You just need to take some of his “cues”: a lot of bright colors, smooth lines, arched shapes and curls, forging, screens and pergolas, light shades and corresponding plants.
weeping birch, mountain ash, linden, maple, cherry, pear, fruit and decorative apple trees.
Garden brutalism is characterized by sharp contrasts between rude and graceful, dark and light, low and high. This is a very natural style, there is nothing technogenic in it. We can say that it is somewhat “primitive”, but if some modern detail is used in it, it should be supermodern. Brutalism has a lot of “its” plants.
actinidia, Amur and girl's grapes, hops, mountain clematis, lemongrass.
Country - the style of rural life. It is very bright, “patchwork”, laid-back, asymmetrical, it has a lot of “village” accessories. Garden crops and fruit trees are preferred, but the front garden should be especially bright
Creepers perennial and annual:
hops, morning glory, sweet peas, fiery beans, decorative pumpkin.
This is the so-called regular style, which many have heard of. Clear symmetry and strict forms of lawns, flower beds and paths, large spaces, "Greek" arbors, stucco molding, fountains and topiary. If you lower the degree of pomposity and use stylization, you can really create classics even in small areas.
weigela, edible honeysuckle, spiraea, lilac, mock up, park roses, hybrid tea and miniature roses, Tunberg barberry, privet, three-lobed almonds.
spruce, including blue, spherical thuja, pyramidal cypress or juniper, linden, elm, maple, pyramidal poplar, fruit crops.
Those whose plot is in the forest actually already have a forest-style garden. This style imitates the natural environment. The garden should be shaded, consisting of forest trees and wild plants. Accessories - wooden, deliberately rough, weaving from a rod is also used.
Art Nouveau style is very elegant, the main thing in it is smooth, flowing lines, grace, visual "high cost". It is similar to Art Nouveau in the interior. Materials for buildings are used mainly natural, figures should be elegant, there are a lot of plants and they should be densely planted. Vegetable style symbols are iris and gladiolus. By the way, it is plants, and not partitions, that the garden areas are separated from one another.
tree-like and large-leaved hydrangea, roses, elderberry, mock-up, rhododendron, climbing roses, Tunberg barberry, gray or Japanese spirea.
This is a very elegant, and most importantly, neat and well-groomed garden "from the postcard." It combines elements of country and classics. The most important thing here is pedantry, rationality and quality factor. Trimmed trees, lush flower beds, rural-style figures, decorative mulch, natural and high-quality materials for all objects.
spruce, pine, thuja, weeping birch or willow, mountain ash, artificially formed trees, maple, poplar, all fruit crops.
This is an oriental theme garden. But the East is different, and in this case we are talking about the motives of Central Asia. There are many bright plants and accessories, as well as various small details that are interesting to consider. Cozy patios, colored paving slabs and mosaics, brooks will help to create the Persian style, it is advisable to arrange a small round pond. Arches and openings in structures are better to make a lancet shape.
Flowers and perennials:
poppies, chrysanthemums and asters, irises and gladioluses, ageratums, gaillardia, dahlias, lilies and daylilies, peonies, terry marigolds, fragrant tobacco, lavater, gypsophila. Be sure to a large number of varietal tulips. Rice is perfect for the style if you grow it in special "flood" areas.
In a minimalist garden, everything is simple and concise, but there are few details, as in the minimalist interior. Namely parts, additions, designs. But there should be many plants. But not all, but expressive. They are planted in large curtains, a motley mixture in this style is not welcome. Shapes and lines are not necessarily strictly geometric, but simple and clear.
thuja, black pine or Weitmouth pine, blue spruce, columnar juniper, maple, weeping birch, willow, columnar apple tree, chestnut.
In garden hi-tech, unlike interior, there is no abundance of metal, plastic and concrete. He just gives an advantage to nature. This is a garden of unusual and bold decisions, where “high garden technologies” are used: modern finishing materials, unusual (usually abstract) designs and accessories. It is in the garden in hi-tech style that you can see original, unusual for the eyes ponds, gazebos, recreational areas.
there are few of them, but mainly those that have something interesting: leaves, crown shape, fruits - for example, red barberry, heather, rhododendron, snow-berry.
the principle is the same - an interesting look: a decorative apple tree, blue spruce, an interestingly shaped oak, weeping birch will do.
This style is a combination of simple shapes and vibrant colors, simple large ornaments and natural materials, but at the same time - an abundance of interesting accessories, different lighting, a lot of relaxation corners, although small in size. Scandinavian style is characterized by universalization. That is, each object and object in the garden can be used both this way and that way - at will and mood.
any coniferous plants, as well as any fruit and forest, but some of them should stand out - for example, the shape of a crown or the color of leaves.
Style of a noble estate
The garden in this style has a characteristic feature: it is divided into two parts - regular (front) and landscape. There are many shady corners, a gazebo by the pond, which is decorated in a natural style, grottoes, stone sculptures, alleys, a lawn and flower beds of the correct form. The house is decorated with vertical landscaping. Pergolas and pavilions resemble Greek architecture.
More clear and recognizable will be such a definition as the Provence style. More precisely, the attributes of Provence prevail in the French style, but some elements of the classics are added to this. The style is very chamber, comfortable, it is difficult to implement on a large area. Mandatory garden and lawn, and all flower beds are located around the perimeter. The recreation area is arranged at the entrance to the house, and the materials used are wood, gravel and brick
Perennials and flowers:
rose-stem, large-bearded irises, lilies, sage, wormwood, digitalis, lavender (in our conditions it is better than mullein or veronica), ferns of different varieties (in groups and in single plantings), zone pelargonium, geranium.
thuja, fruit crops, decorative fruit trees.
The style of fantasy can also be described as "fairy-tale gothic", the style of fairy tales and legends. You can also define it as a medieval garden. A castle-shaped house would fit in perfectly. Winding paths and paths, mosses, heathers, boulders, overgrown ponds, grottoes and driftwood, forged elements and garden figures "bronze", a lot of vertical gardening.
Perennials and flowers:
hosts, rhubarb, Rogersia, alpine groundcover: gray fescue, soap dish, cloves of fire, alissums, alpine asters, ferns, irises, "forest" bulbs, bells.
The "symbols" of the style are Amur and girlish grapes, hops, lemongrass, actinidia, mountain clematis.
oak, elm, alder, birch, willow, shrimp, columnar apple tree, maple, hazel, mountain ash, apple tree, plum, cherry. In general, when choosing trees, it is important to focus on those with a beautiful pattern of branches and a darker bark.
Garden imitating the images of exotic countries - Africa, Australia, Brazil. It creates the flavor of a tropical jungle. This style has a lot of color and ornaments, wooden flooring and screens. And the vegetation surrounding all this is very lush.
irga, apple tree, felt cherry, plum, river maple and Tatar.
Eco style recreates the image of wildlife in the garden. These are forest trees, wild plants, grasses, buildings and accessories made of natural wood, natural lawn from clover, “dry” retaining walls with ground cover plants, and rude handmade furniture. The main concept of the garden is environmental friendliness.
derain, elderberry, honeysuckle, chokeberry, barberry, large hazel (hazelnut) and common hazel, lilac, mock up. But any forest shrubs will do.
willow weeping and goat, irga, bird cherry, mountain ash, maple, birch, oak, as well as various forest trees.
This is a mysterious, philosophical garden, in which canonical attributes and plants with decorative leaves prevail. All elements, buildings, accessories should give the impression of old, ancient. This is water, a lot of natural stone, rock gardens, bamboo, moss, Japanese stone lanterns, simple forms of buildings, asymmetry in everything.
Perennials and flowers:
hosta, astilba, ferns, rogers, rhubarb, various sedges and cereals, brunner, meadowsweet, daylily, irises, various chrysanthemums, bows, lilies of the valley, wild garlic, buzulnik, peonies, bulbous flowers of a "natural" type, bamboo (you can replace it with black alder varieties "Imperialis").
I hope that this "cheat sheet" will help you create the garden of your dreams - bright, stylish and spectacular. Have a good experiment!