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Golden Retriever Dog

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The Golden Retriever is a great companion and hunter’s best friend. Good-natured, calm, perfectly portrays the shot game.

Brief information

  • Breed Name: Golden retriever
  • Country of origin: Great Britain
  • Breeding time: XIX century
  • Weight: males 26-41 kg, females 25-37 kg
  • Height (height at the withers): males 56-61 cm, females 51-56 cm
  • Life span: 12 - 13 years old

Highlights

  • Ideal hosts for the Golden Retriever are families with children, as well as active people who love nature outings and long walks. At home and adherents of a relaxed pace of life, the dog will deliver more inconvenience than positive emotions.
  • Representatives of this breed are quite silent and patient. They do not make noise over trifles and do not annoy with a loud bark.
  • Dogs are smart and smart. They take 4 place in the list of the most intellectually-developed breeds according to Stanley Koren.
  • Among hunters, golden retriever enjoys a reputation as the best “porters” of game, able to make their way in search of prey even through impenetrable thickets.
  • Due to abundant spontaneous molting, the breed is not suitable for fans of sterile cleanliness and allergies.
  • Golden retrievers are capable students who easily grasp even the most complex material. With a well-trained training course, excellent guide dogs, rescuers and search engines grow out of them.
  • Despite the friendly and sociable nature, retriever needs training and a solid hand. A dog that does not recognize the authority of the owner becomes uncontrollable and can create a lot of problems.
  • Golden retrievers have a real passion for water and are happy to take baths in any open pond, and with oversight - in puddles.
  • Owners often call their pets simply golden - from the English “golden” (golden).

Golden Retriever - smart hunters, impeccable family people and reliable friends, responsive to affection and kind attitude to themselves. A well-educated golden will willingly fulfill any housekeeping assignment and will not behave as if he had accomplished the greatest feat in the world. The only reward that representatives of this breed are waiting for their helpfulness is a simple human attention, which is much more valuable for retriever than the most refined delicacy.

Golden Retriever breed history

The main prerequisite for the emergence of the breed was the eternal passion of the English aristocrats for hunting. In the 19th century, the main entertainments of British and Scottish Esquires were hunting and hunting of ducks. The venerable peers disappeared for days in the woods and in the swamps, boasting to each other with their trophies, guns and, of course, dogs. However, if the gentlemen had complete order with the hounds, then the four-legged hunters, who were able to find the shot quail in the heather thickets or swim for the duck that fell into the lake, were in great shortage. Commercial demand generated supply, and soon shaggy dogs with an unusual golden color of wool began to cut through the valleys of Scotland.

The appearance of golden retriever as an independent breed is usually associated with the name of Dudley Marjoribanks - the Scottish lord and part-time amateur breeder. It was he who revealed to the world a completely new variety of hunter dog, not afraid of water and masterfully aported black bird. For a long time, it remained a mystery whose blood flows in the wards of the lord, until in the middle of the 20th century the secret records of his stud books were made public. As it turned out, the water tweed spaniel, labrador, bloodhound and straight-haired retriever presented their genes to the Goldens. In this case, the first offspring was obtained as a result of mating a tweed-water spaniel and a straight-haired retriever, which had a yellowish coat.

By the 20s of the last century, the breed was already quite popular not only in Europe, but also among New World breeders. In addition, the United States and Canada formed their own standards of appearance of Golden Retriever. For example, overseas, individuals with a more intense and darker coat color were preferred. The descendants of Scottish retriever were brought to Russia after the collapse of the USSR, all from the same America. The first purebred dog came to the territory of the Russian Federation in 1991.

Golden Retriever Appearance

Golden retriever - moderately pumped up handsome men with a soulful look and luxurious iridescent hair. Golden ones owe their recognition even not so much to their own charm, as to the efforts of marketers. The breed was especially active in American cinema. It is enough to watch a couple of comedy melodramas made in the USA to understand: if the American family decides to ever have a dog, then in 9 out of 10 cases it will be a golden retriever.

The sexual type in representatives of this breed is pronounced. The height of the average boy ranges from 56-60 cm, and his weight can reach 41 kg. Girls are much lighter (average weight - 25-37 kg) and smaller than males (height - 51-56 cm).

Despite the existence of a single pedigree standard approved by FCI, experts divide the golden retriever into three types:

Representatives of the first group are the natives of Misty Albion, who have extremely massive legs and a wide skull. They are distinguished by a lighter coat color, up to white. It is the English type that is most common in Europe and Russia. The wards of American breeders are less impressive, but the “made in USA” golden retriever boasts a graceful posture and a generally more elegant look. At the same time, the shade of their coat is somewhat darker than that of their British counterparts. A distinctive feature of the Canadian retriever - a lean physique with a fairly high growth. The coat color of the “Canadians” is even more saturated and dark than the “Americans”.

The skull is massive, convex-angular. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is distinct, smooth. The occipital protuberance is flattened, the cheeks are flat. The muzzle of the animal is long, even, gradually tapering from the base to the nose.

Black, moderately dense and dry. The upper lip noticeably hangs over the lower lip, but does not extend beyond the borders of the jaw. The lips completely hide the dog’s teeth and gums, forming small folds in the corners of the mouth.

Jaws and teeth

Retriever jaws are strong and quite wide, with a pronounced scissor bite. The teeth are white, large. Cutters are located in one line.

The lobe is massive, mobile, black. The nostrils are wide open.

Moderately long, hanging, lowered along the cheeks of the animal. The base of the ear is wide, the tip is narrow, smoothly rounded. The set is slightly above the line of the eyes.

Large, deep-set, rounded in shape. The Golden Retriever has a smart, friendly look. The color of the iris is from brown to dark brown. The eyelids are black in color, dry, close to the eyeball. An important condition: in a dog looking straight, the whites of the eyes should not be noticeable.

Massive, high set and moderate length. The cervical muscles are strong, developed, folds and sagging are absent.

Adult individuals have a strong, tightly knocked-down body with embossed muscles. The back of the golden retriever is straight, with a convex loin and a pronounced withers. The croup is massive, slightly sloping, rounded in shape. The chest is of moderate width, deep enough. A tucked-up abdominal line ends with a short and well-chosen inguinal zone.

Moderately long, with a wide, thickened base and a cone-shaped tip. Located below the back. In calm golden, the tail is lowered, in excited - raised to the level of the back.

Breed description

Dog handlers distinguish three types of golden retrievers: American (large and brightly colored), European (light, almost white, the dog itself has a massive muscular physique) and Canadian (combines the features of the previous types).

The Golden Retriever is a large breed of dog with a massive, muscular, but proportional physique. Paws are medium in size, rounded with thick pads. Their muzzle is straight and long, their nose ends with a large black lobe with open nostrils. The ears of the goldens are hanging, with rounded ends and tight to the cheeks. The fluffy long tail is always down.

Separately, it is worth mentioning the luxurious wool of a golden retriever. Long, thick, silky, with a dense waterproof undercoat - can be either perfectly straight or wavy. The color of the dog depends directly on the type of golden retriever and can vary from white to any shade of gold and cream.

Limbs

The front legs are muscular, dry type, stand flat. The shoulders are strong, with massive shoulder blades and laid back, elbows pressed to the body. The shoulder blade angle does not exceed 90 °. Metacarpus strong, but short, set slightly inclined.

The hind legs are strong, with well-developed muscles, separated from each other at a decent distance. The hocks of the Golden Retriever are low and look back. Fore and hind legs of medium size, rounded. The pads are massive, with short claws, the fingers of the animal are folded into a lump.

The golden retriever's wool is highly stiff and has a water-repellent function. The hair is thick enough and fits snugly to the body, hiding under it a copious undercoat. The structure of the hair can be straight or have a light wave, and its length varies depending on the part of the body. The longest coat is located in the chest, ears, body, back of all four legs, as well as in the lower part of the tail. Parts of the body with short hair are the head, legs and front side of the limbs.

The reference is considered to be all shades of gold, until the transition to a cream color. For tow paws and tail suspension, lighter tones are acceptable.

Possible defects

The list of breed defects includes any deviations from the characteristics prescribed by the standard. For example, it is undesirable for a golden retriever to have a thin and long coat, white stripes on the chest, and too light and close-set eyes. The following defects can become a reason to prevent an animal from competing:

  • square case
  • long or too short legs
  • malocclusion and distorted lower jaw,
  • cryptorchidism
  • lips, eyelids and nose, painted in any shades except black,
  • a white “scarf” on the neck and shoulder holes on the forehead,
  • black coat color, as well as the presence of spots on it,
  • drooping tail.

Embittered or, on the contrary, cowardly individuals, animals with a small head, short ears and small teeth will not make a serious career either.

Golden Retriever Character

By the number of enthusiastic reviews of the owners, Golden Retriever is almost ahead of all breeds. Indeed, only a convinced dog-hater can unearth flaws in these good-natured intellectuals. As for ordinary animal lovers, their goldens literally captivate with their softness and phenomenal facial memory. If someone from your friends treated the pet to a treat or entertained him with a simple game, you can be sure that the retriever will not forget to add a fat plus sign to the karma of this friend.

Calm and balanced in everyday life, representatives of this breed try to keep the brand even in the most delicate situations. They are completely non-conflicting and ready to get along with any four-legged creature that does not show open aggression. Even in the most tense moments, the Goldens prefer to solve the matter peacefully. The golden retriever growling and gripping the enemy with a death grip is something from the realm of fantasy.

The breed is often recommended for maintenance in families with children, as animals are most correct and patient with respect to the younger generation. Of course, trusting a baby dog ​​is not the most reasonable decision, but playful three-year-olds can be left for it. Golden retrievers are primarily focused on humans. It is with him that they want to go for walks, share their joys and sorrows. For this reason, goldens are often attracted to active canistherapy. Shaggy “antidepressants” are happy to contact patients who are in a state of prolonged depression, charging them with vivid emotions and gradually returning them the joy of existence.

Golden retrievers are typical sanguine people who are completely uncharacteristic of such character traits as suspiciousness and caution. Strangers at these rustic sympathizers cause curiosity and burning interest, so if golden dwells in your house, reconcile yourself with the fact that the guard of the territory and material values ​​will not work out of it.

Parenting and training

The nature of golden retriever did not deprive intelligence and memory, so any dog ​​learns lessons on the fly. The first thing that starts training a Golden Retriever puppy is obedience: the animal must understand what is permissible and what is not. Do not give in to the immediate desire to remove all prohibitions and pamper the baby, so to speak, as an exception. The puppy's leprosy will quickly cease to seem touching and ridiculous after they begin to practice a 40-pound dog.

In the first months of life, the kids of the retriever try to taste the objects surrounding them, so try to convey the meaning of the command “Fu!” To the pet as soon as possible. Those who see the future hunter in the Golden Retriever will often have to go outdoors. A dog will be able to learn how to find and bring a black bird only when he sees it live. At first, the skill is practiced on rags and dummies: they throw a puppy into a puppy with a makeshift scarecrow to make him want to grab an unfamiliar thing and show it to the owner. Then they smoothly proceed to aporting and participation in the hunt.

Half-year-old puppies can be taught swimming and whistling obedience, and it will be better if the pros do this. 12 months is the best age to start training dog endurance, since on the hunt it will often have to sit in ambush in order not to frighten away the game. The “Lie!” Command is not used in such cases. It is enough that the pet will sit next to you. Exercises for training the memory are considered very valuable, since the golden retriever is not always able to find game only by smell.

Maintenance and care

Despite the fact that the main specialization of golden retriever has always been hunting, it is completely optional for today's owners of these shaggy "servants" to take up a gun. Tiring runs through forests and swamps are easily replaced by long walks through parks and meadows. It’s great if you take the dog to a country house, away from the motorway, where she can run around freely. Just don’t try to turn your pet into a mongrel and put him in a booth: the retriever will not appreciate your impulse and will become discouraged, so take your dog to the house and do not deprive her of his own company.

The content of the Golden Retriever in the apartment is a kind of test of the owner for responsibility and hard work, since the animal will have to compensate for the lack of free space, motor activity and impressions with regular boardwalks in combination with physical activity. Due to their sociable nature, golden retriever cope with loneliness poorly. Animals splash their insecurity and fear onto surrounding objects: they gnaw at furniture and wires, spoil shoes.The worst punishment that the owner can come up with for the golden is to lock him in four walls and calmly leave for work. For retailers, workaholics, travelers and other busy personalities, a golden retriever as a pet is an unacceptable option.

What can not be done with respect to the Golden Retriever:

  • allow children to sit on a grown-up dog, since the pressure created by the child’s body can cause the back of the animal to sag,
  • stroking the puppy on the head and putting a collar over his head over his head, which leads to improper formation of the ears,
  • pull the baby by the paws or try to raise it, fixing his hand under the chest.

The main problem for the owner of the golden retriever is the hair of his pet. During molting, Golden leaves furry traces wherever possible, and daily combing here helps little. There are only two ways out of this situation: not to buy a golden retriever at all, or to put up with this feature of a dog and get a powerful vacuum cleaner to clean shreds from time to time.

The shedding retriever is combed out twice a day using a brush and hair collection gloves. Dense undercoat is removed with a furminator or pussel. To remove the dog’s smell from the wool, you can moisten it with a solution prepared according to the following recipe:

  • mix a glass of water with a glass of vodka,
  • add 2 tablespoons of vinegar essence,
  • add 1 teaspoon of salt and shake.

In the periods between molting, the animal’s hair does not require such careful care, but a couple of times a week to comb the dog’s fur coat will still be necessary. The Goldens have a bath once a month, and that’s enough. After bathing, the pet can be slightly shortened. The hair is cut from the bottom up, starting from the neck. It is not forbidden to walk with scissors on the hairs on the paws, and the "panties" of the dog. The hair growing between the fingers and at the base of the tail should also be trimmed regularly.

The eyes and ears of most Golden Retriever are trouble-free, so a standard weekly inspection is enough for them. If contamination has accumulated in the ear funnel, they can be removed with a napkin and boiled water. Chilled tea leaves are suitable for eye treatment. Golden teeth brushing is a laborious but necessary process. If the oral cavity cannot be cleaned in the classical way, you can entrust this matter to dry food or special treats, whose solid particles act as abrasives that “erase” plaque.

Golden retrievers can be fed with both natural products and “drying”. In the first case, about 50% of the diet should be in animal protein, that is, meat. The daily rate of the product is calculated as follows: 10-20 grams of meat per kilogram of dog weight. The remaining half of the daily “menu” of the retriever is made up of cereals and vegetables.

The meat for the dog is selected lean, with a large number of veins and cartilage. Beef, lamb, rabbit and turkey are ideal. Offal is also not prohibited, but because of the digestive upset that they can provoke, they are introduced into the diet gradually and little by little.

Important: golden retriever is fed after a walk, not in front of her.

From rice and buckwheat it is better to cook thick cereals in which you can add stewed vegetables. Pumpkin, carrots, cabbage, turnips and beets are especially useful for golden retriever. In season, early greens are mixed in porridge. It is not forbidden to include fermented milk products in the diet of an adult dog - kefir, yogurt, cottage cheese. Puppies, in which the skeleton is still being formed, need more calcium, therefore, up to 4 months, milk (whole and as a part of porridge) is necessarily included in the diet of small goldens.

Approximate daily menu of a 4-month-old baby: 300 g of meat, 100 g of fruit and vegetable slices or vegetable stew (apple + carrot), 500 g of porridge in milk.

Breed history

It was believed that dog breeding was carried out on the territory of Guisachan Estate, the British county of Ivernesshire, acquired in the middle of the last century by Lord Tweedmouth, who was engaged in purebred breeding of Golden Retriever.

Thus, the Russian Circus Dog would appear. The breed even took part in exhibitions of 1913, 14 and 15 years - Crufts. After the owner’s death, these dogs were forgotten.

The history of the breed, which had romantic roots, was completely refuted by researchers

Later, in 1914, an article entitled “Russian or Yellow Retriever” describing the origin and breeding of circus dogs was published in Country Life by Arthur Croxton-Smith.

Over time, the president of the Club of England Elma Stonex crushed this article to ashes, and in 1952 the 6th Earl of Ilchester published an article that described the breeding work carried out by his uncle.

It described many breeds that were used to create the Golden Retriever. The history of the nursery dates back to 1835, in breeding work were used:

The breed was officially recognized in 1913.

Psychology

Golden Retrievers - Calm and good dogs, playful, so get along well with all homework.

Smart and not inclined to bark a lot. There are no notes of dominance, like in hovawarts, which allows you to live peacefully with your pets.

Very susceptible, and delicate dogs. Good nature and devotion, patience and adoration of people, together with indomitable energy and love to bring aporta - make him an excellent partner for games.

Excellent character allows Golden to become a true friend for all family members.

Thanks to the developed intellect, the dog lends itself to learning and is capable of achieving excellent results. The use of this breed is connected with these qualities.

Application

In the modern world, golden retrievers are rarely used for their main purpose - hunting. Despite this, they remain excellent helpers for feeding game and working on the blood trail.

Hunter instinct, as seen in the photo, is still present in the breed.

Now the main "working specialties" of Golden Retrievers are:

  • Search for drugs and explosives at customs
  • Guide
  • Disabled Assistant
  • Emergency rescue operations
  • Therapist
  • Actors of movies and commercials

Specially trained golden retrievers are used as companions for children with mental disorders in boarding schools and shelters. Ideal friends for seniors and children.

Nevertheless, despite all the excellent qualities, the dog is practically not suitable as a guard, as it will not attack strangers, but, on the contrary, will try to make friends with them.

How to choose a dog

First of all, when choosing a puppy, its origin should be taken into account, since the baby accepts all the main features of both character and exterior from his parents and next of kin.

Buying from reputable breeders who can show you your mom, dad, grandparents, and your potential pet greatly increases your chances of making a great friend.

A competent approach to choosing a puppy is very important

First of all, you need to pay attention to:

  • parental behavior - they should not be aggressive,
  • healthy appearance of the puppy,
  • lack of external defects.

The puppy needs to be fully examined. Bright and lively eyes that are clearly looking at you, clean skin without wounds and dandruff, clean and healthy ears, pink gums and white teeth - these are the things to pay attention to. These are signs of good puppy health.

On the exterior, choosing golden, pay attention to the following indicators:

  • Good skull width
  • Pronounced deep muzzle
  • Right bite
  • Moderate length ears with proper fit
  • Compact body with good chest
  • Wide basin
  • Dark eyes
  • Black nose and paw pads

As for the character, the puppy should be inquisitive, not show cowardice, be active

If you plan to acquire a future champion, special attention should be paid to the pedigree and exhibition diplomas of the parents.

If you have absolutely no experience in such matters, it is better to bring along a specialist - a dog handler.

Care Features

Caring for the Golden Retriever involves an integrated approach that includes the right diet, care for coat, skin and nails.

The breed needs daily combing with an iron brush. The skin is regularly checked for ticks and other parasites.

You need to bathe, but it is not advisable to do this more often than once or twice a month. Dog claws should also be inspected regularly and trimmed if necessary.

When housing, it is necessary to provide at least three-hour walks, accompanied by active sports

Important!The main feature of caring for this breed is the provision of a large amount of attention to your friend - without this, the dog is very homesick and can even get sick.

Combing

It is very important for the owner of a thick and luxurious coat, Golden Retriever, to ensure proper hair care. The chic look of your pet will directly depend on this.

You need to accustom to combing in early puppyhood. The main thing is to teach the puppy to stand calmly during the procedure. At the same time, try not to hurt him, ensure that the procedure is pleasant for the dog.

The appearance of the golden will depend on quality care

A metal comb is ideally suited for golden wool, which can be purchased at the nearest pet store without any problems. On one side of such a crest, the teeth are sparse, and on the other, frequent.

First, you need to comb the dog with rare teeth, and then repeat the procedure using frequent ones. A rare comb is an indispensable tool for combing tangled hair.

If you turn the combing of golden into a daily ritual, and at the same time you will use a glove - the procedure will take very little time.

It is worth using during molting furminator - it will allow you to quickly get rid of dead hair.

The combination of walks with the game really like this breed of dog

Golden youngs are very similar in appearance and habits to labrador puppies. The first “walks” of the puppy begin as soon as you bring him home. Until all the necessary vaccinations are done, you can’t walk on the street.

In order to avoid piles and puddles throughout the apartment, teach your puppy to do his “business” in one place.

To do this, lay an oilcloth in a secluded place (by no means a film), lay several layers of newspapers on top. At the same time, while cleaning up the newspapers, leave the bottom layer so that the remaining, albeit faint smell, reminds the baby where his "toilet" is.

Later, start taking the golden out onto the street. Always show him how glad you are that he recovered there. Over time, he will understand this and stop "messing up" in the apartment.

Important!In no case do not punish the puppy for misconduct, if time has passed, he will not understand why you are scolding him. You can only report the offending kid by "catching at the crime scene."

Remember that the little golden one needs to recover after eating and after sleeping, take this into account when planning your outings.

Given the hunting past, Golden is a very active dog. This must be taken into account during a walk.

Agilityplaying with a stick, tennis ball or even a frisbee plate is what you need. The desired duration of walks for your pet is 3 hours a day with active games.

When picking up a puppy, be sure to ask the breeder what he fed him with. A sharp change in diet can trigger an eating disorder.

In the future, the diet should be developed taking into account the fact that a large dog with chic hair needs proper nutrition.

The health and longevity of a dog depends on a complete diet

If you decide to feed your pet with natural products, a harmonious diet will consist of:

  • Cooked Meat (Turkey, Beef, Chicken)
  • Fish - not more than once a week (marine low-fat)
  • Cottage cheese

A quarter of the diet should contain vegetables, which are grated and given raw or stewed for 5 minutes:

The remaining quarter of the diet consists of cereals.

From time to time, offal can be added to the feed - heart, lung, liver, beef scar.

Important!Given that the liver of Golden is rather weak, do not abuse fatty foods.

Up to five months, the puppy should eat from 4 to 6 times a day in small portions. The daily dose is 300 g. meat, 150 gr. cottage cheese, 100 gr. vegetables, 500 grams of milk porridge.

At eight months, you can transfer the puppy to two meals a day.

Important!Up to 6-8 months, Golden must receive cottage cheese, kefir and yogurt. Up to 6 months, milk is required, which can be added to porridge or poured instead of water.

To promote timely and proper tooth changes, puppies buy cartilage, veins and knee joints.

If you prefer to feed your pet dry feed, then choose "premium" and "super - premium", designed for animals of large breeds. It is in them that there are mineral substances that strengthen the joints of a dog with a lot of weight.

In order to determine exactly what to feed the dog: dry or natural food, we recommend that you study the article https://kot-pes.com/chto-luchshe-korm-ili-naturalka-dlya-sobak/

A large dog with an active lifestyle needs proper nutrition

Golden Retriever belongs to dogs with excellent health and strong immunity. However, for a dog to live long, it is necessary from childhood to provide it with the necessary nutrition, to monitor the general development of the puppy.

A puppy may have some diseases, hereditary ones, others - to acquire, developing.

For example, due to the large weight of the dog, joint problems are often encountered. However, when noticed in time, they are easily treated using homeopathic remedies.

Characteristic diseases

Like all dog breeds, Goldens have their own characteristic diseases. These include:

  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Retinal degeneration
  • Von Willebrand disease
  • Hypotheriosis
  • Atopic dermatitis

Important!Hip dysplasia is often a hereditary disease. Therefore, puppy joints need to be closely monitored.

Prevention can prevent many diseases

While the puppies are near the mother and she feeds them, they have innate immunity. They are also given the immunity of the mother contained in her milk and even saliva. After weaning the puppies from the bitch, they need to be vaccinated.

The first vaccination with Goldens is carried out at the age of 8-10 weeks, after 3-4 weeks the vaccination is repeated. Before doing vaccinations, deworming should be carried out and the puppy should be vaccinated 3-4 days after it.

Important!Vaccinations are given only to a healthy dog.

Depending on when you plan to take the puppies from the bitch, choose one of the following vaccination schemes:

  • From 1 month - 3 times
  • From 1.5 months - 2 times

The timing between vaccinations depends on the drugs used and most often ranges from 14 to 21 days. An approximate scheme of the vaccination schedule is as follows:

  • 1st - 4-6 weeks
  • 2nd - 6 - 9 weeks
  • 3rd - 12 weeks

Dog revaccination is carried out at the age of one year.

Important!Rabies vaccination should be given separately. Spend it no earlier than 9 months of age. The exception is situations associated with, say, moving to a place where the disease is common.

The quality of puppies directly depends on the correct selection of a pair

There are certain restrictions on the admission of goldens to the first knit. For bitches, this is twelve months of age. A dog should not be knitted before eighteen months.

If the mating is done earlier, it can slow down the further development of the dog.

Ideal is the mating of a bitch on the third - fourth estrus.

Important!Before mating, it is necessary to carry out deworming to avoid intrauterine infection of puppies.

A female bitch is knitted for 10-15 days of estrus, the presence of a specialist who is knowledgeable in the physiological characteristics of the breed is desirable.

Golden Retriever: One of the smartest dog breeds

Golden Retriever - a dog that impresses many fans with its extraordinary intellectual capabilities.

Features and Description

Golden Retriever breed it was taken out for hunting service to humans, but today few people go out with its representatives into the forest to shoot game. Such a dog loves to hunt, but will not suffer if the owner does not exploit it in this area.

Today, dogs of the retriever group are the most popular companions in the world. The birthplace of a beautiful golden-haired dog is Scotland, but it was selected in England. In the 19th century, the British had a need to breed a hunting breed of dogs, which would not just run up to the shot game and bring it to a person, but would be able to dive into the water for that. Therefore, the withdrawal of the retriever was a real find for hunters of that time.

Before the chic Golden was born, the breeders brought together not 2 or 4 representatives of different breeds, among which by the way were Labradors and Setters. After lengthy experiments by the British, the world finally got acquainted with an incredibly beautiful dog, the main external feature of which is shiny golden fur, which is also very smooth to the touch.

These are very helpful animals that will never leave their loved one in trouble. It is important for them to receive care from all household members, as they are vulnerable by nature. Today, representatives of the breed are used in various fields of helping people - rescue operations, canister therapy, escorting the blind, etc. Their character is calm and balanced. Thanks to this, the dog gets along with almost everyone who wants to be friends with her. She is not evil, but affable and sweet.

Especially the Goldens are effective as rescue dogs. Thanks to a good scent, they easily find people under the rubble. When the animal found the poor man, it barks loudly to notify the rescuers of its presence. Sometimes it even helps to get the victims out of the rubble. During such “work” he often whimpers, thus expressing sympathy.

In practice, the psychological effectiveness of the influence of the retriever on children with both physical and mental ailments has been proved. From a short interaction with such a dog, the condition and well-being of the kids improves. It especially affects children with cerebral palsy. For families where there are such patients, experts recommend starting golden retriever.

It is interesting that even a short contact with this dog can lead to a decrease in nervousness, anxiety and elimination of stress. It is as if a person takes over the positive energy that comes from the animal.

And also Golden is a pretty good swimmer, he is even able to save a drowning man by pulling him by the hair. He is incredibly responsible. Always looking after the children. Never let the baby go alone into the water. It lends itself perfectly to training. You can drag to search for objects and people.

Breed standard

Golden retriever in the photo - a beautiful dog with an elegant appearance that attracts the eyes of people and animals. Adult growth is from 52 to 60 cm. Some males grow to a height of 63 cm and this is not a deviation from the standard. The weight of an adult female is from 25 to 28 kg, and that of an adult male is from 30 to 35 kg.

Overweight is undesirable. In appearance, the Goldens are strong dogs with a powerful body. All parts of their physique are harmoniously combined. The body is moderately elongated. It has a rectangular shape. No sagging. The skeleton of the retriever is very strong. The withers of the dog are weakly expressed. The neck is not long, there is no suspension on it.

The head of such a dog is wedge-shaped. It is medium in size, the muzzle is slightly elongated. Well-defined skull. In the deep oral cavity of the golden there is a complete set of straight sharp teeth. His bite is correct, scissor-like.

The eyes are small, oval, the iris is saturated brown. The nose is large, dark, without pigmentation. There are long thin antennae on the muzzle, and thin skin folds above the eyes. The ears of the retriever are small, rounded at the ends. Hang down.

By standard, such a dog should have a wide sternum. The ribs should not be visible on the stomach. Otherwise, the conclusion is made that the animal is malnourished. The Golden Retriever has very strong knee joints. His legs are of medium length, they are strong and steady.

The skin on the pads is dark and very rough. Paw set - without pathologies. The flat tail of a dog almost always hangs down. But, when she is excited, he rises to the level of the lower back and begins to rotate in different directions. The coat of the animal is smooth, pleasant to the touch. There is an undercoat.

American and European breeders have not come to a consensus on the standard of golden. Each side insisted that it was right, so it was decided to divide the breed into 2 species - American and European.

Outwardly, they have many similarities, but there are differences. Firstly, the representative of each of these types is strong, strong and harmoniously folded. Secondly, he is kind and completely not vindictive. But discuss the differences:

  1. European retriever. Dog's coat has a beautiful cream shade with a golden tint. Gentle to the touch. His croup is denser, and his legs are shorter. The head is large, the frontal line is pronounced perfectly. Good-natured and not at all evil.
  2. American retriever. The main difference between the representative of the breed is a beautiful bronze shade of fur. The American has longer legs and moderate croup. Lean physique. A small head.

The nature of the dog is practically no different. Both are affectionate, funny and very responsible.

Golden Retriever Dog incredibly kind and charming. She easily disposes people and even animals to herself, she loves when everyone's eyes are turned to her. Most experts call the representative of the breed an ideal companion. It’s hard to disagree.

Everyone can get along with him: a small child, an old man, a tender woman or a brutal man. Getting mad at such a dog is almost impossible. He always seeks to please his beloved people, to cause a smile on their faces. It is distinguished by friendliness and responsiveness. Very responsible. Never leave a person in trouble.

There are many cases of people rescuing Golden, even home. Sometimes it is not possible to promptly call for help, but such a dog never loses watch! If a misfortune happened to her owner, she will feel it and rush to the rescue.

He approaches the “case” fearlessly, responsibly and even with curiosity. By the way, the latter quality is in abundance. The animal likes to learn new things about the world, meet different people, delight everyone with its incredible charm and just have fun.

It never lies in the afternoon, such as the basset hound. He seeks to find interesting objects and engage himself with something. But, the chic dog’s favorite pastime is playing with the owner. She is strongly attached to people who do not skimp on good nature and love, and in return always gives them her tenderness.

Golden Retriever is a very gentle animal. Watching him rub against the owner’s foot or put a muzzle on his knees in the hope of scratching the top of his head is touching and interesting. It is extremely rare to experience anger, one can say almost never.

Not prone to suspicion. Prefers to maintain friendly, rather than conflicting, relationships with living things. It gets along well with other animals in the house, even with dogs and cats. But, due to natural goodwill and the absence of malice, he himself often becomes a victim of bully.

Golden can fight back the ill-wisher if he begins to actively protest against his company. It may even bite, protecting itself, but to think that anger is inherent in it from nature is a mistake.

Care and maintenance

Active dogs are more comfortable living on the street than in the house. But, if you have a big house, then we do not recommend banning the golden retriever from entering it. Such a dog is well adapted to street life. She has water-repellent fur and thick skin, but she does not tolerate heat very well. How to be?

Firstly, if you often do cleaning in the house, you can prepare for your pet a comfortable sunbed in the hallway. He will rest there if he wants to hide from the sun. Secondly, every large dog (albeit a good one) in the territory of the house should have an aviary. Remember that this is necessary for disciplinary purposes. Sometimes an animal just needs to be removed away, as it interferes.

Be sure to buy a collar with a leash for your dog. He should treat them normally. This toolkit is required for walking along the street. The dog should not be afraid of the collar, therefore, do not tighten it tightly.

Now about leaving. Since the goldens molt all year round, we advise you to get a massage mitten to remove unnecessary old wool on the entire surface of their body. Also remember to brush your animal’s teeth. This is required to prevent the appearance of tartar.

Regarding the claws, some representatives of the breed are too lazy to grind them on their own, so help them with this. Use nippers or a file to reduce claws. The number of batches for the Golden Retriever is 1 per year. Use only high-quality shampoo. Note that if your favorite will appear at the contest soon, then he should be bathed on the eve. After that, do not forget to comb his hair.

Goldens are almost omnivorous, but this does not mean that they can be given any food. We recommend choosing a more modern way of feeding the dog, or rather give it a dry food with vitamins and minerals.

If you are afraid that golden retriever puppy If you don’t gain the necessary mass and will not grow if you do not give him proteins and carbohydrates from animal products, then in the first year you can feed him. Many experts recommend doing just that.

What exactly can be included in the baby Golden's diet? Firstly, dairy products, secondly, meat, and thirdly, fruits and vegetables. It will also be useful to give him cereals rich in fiber, especially buckwheat. But food fried in sunflower oil, smoked meat and tubular bones should never be present in the dog's diet.

Reproduction and longevity

This is not to say that golden retriever lives short. Usually, with good care, they live up to 12-13 years. To make the animal feel comfortable, it is recommended to properly feed it, carry it to nature, play sports with it, etc.

Accurate knowledge of the breed is required from the breeder. He should not confuse the European and American retriever. Only representatives of one group should be reduced. Knit dogs on the territory of the male.

Usually this is done in the middle of the female estrus period. Golden pregnant bitch becomes even more affectionate than before. For 70 days (plus / minus 3 days), she will especially need the attention of the owner breeder.

Each breed of dog is unique. Golden differs from others in its striking appearance, very soft coat and incredible charm. Such a dog is worth a lot. Golden Retriever Price from a nursery with a pedigree - from 35 to 40 thousand rubles (relevant for 2019).

Individuals who are independently engaged in breeding goldens sell them much cheaper from 15 to 25 thousand rubles. When purchasing a puppy, be sure to take an interest in having vaccinations.

Education and training

The Golden Retriever adapts very quickly and easily to the conditions and is trained. He is a smart, obedient and talented pet for whom it is extremely important to earn the trust of your beloved owners.

Before you begin complex training, we advise, so to speak, to lay the foundation. To begin with, teach the animal to cope only on the street (especially true for goldens living in an apartment).

Then be sure to check that it does not cause damage to household items. Otherwise, stop the dog and begin to blame him. By the way, the only method of punishing a domestic dog is verbal.

Accustom your retriever puppy to a leash in 2-3 months. He should walk near you, not breaking away. Train to do this should be every day. Leave him outside the house only if he has learned not to pull the leash forward.

At 4 months old your golden should already know at least 5 teams, including “sit” and “voice”. It’s better to train them in the morning, when the dog is as active as possible. Always reward him for the successful execution of commands dainty.

Possible diseases and methods for their treatment

Fortunately, Golden Retriever's health is very good. But, any dog ​​can get sick if not provided with proper care. It is better not to bring the young representative of the breed to the street until he has been given all the necessary vaccinations.

The ideal option is to keep it at home for up to six months. If an unvaccinated thoroughbred dog walks on the street ground and makes contact with other dogs, he may become infected and even die. Do not allow this.

He has no specific diseases, even dysplasia of the joints in golden retrievers appears extremely rarely. But, the health of the dog may suffer due to parasites. Helminthic invasion leads to intoxication of his body. The animal may begin to vomit, often defecate and become less active.

Also a striking symptom of damage to his intestines by worms is itching in the anus. A sick dog will try to scratch all the time to get rid of unpleasant sensations. Therefore, every year give her the worm remedies prescribed by the veterinarian. This is for prevention. It will also be useful to regularly treat flea wool.

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