Most often birds are injured while walking outside the cage, however, a restless bird can get injured in the cage. If you find that your pet is injured, pick up the bird in your hands and carefully examine the injured area. If there is no severe bleeding, the wound is not large, if the mobility of the injured limb is not impaired and there is no reason to assume a fracture or dislocation, lubricate the wound with a solution of betadine or chlorhexidine (miramistin). If blood does not flow, continue to treat the wound with betadine twice a day until it is completely healed.
If the incident just happened, cover the cage with a dark cloth so that the bird can calm down and recover. Observe the bird - if the injured limb begins to swell or redden, consult a doctor. If the bleeding is severe, try stopping it with a solution of hydrogen peroxide and call your doctor right away. Only a doctor can properly suture, rule out a fracture, apply a splint, or have a more serious intervention in the event of a fracture.
If bird damaged wing, fix the injured wing close to the body with a sock or elastic mesh bandage before the doctor arrives or visits him.
When you hit a wall or window glass, the bird can get severe bruises, concussion.If the bird has not lost coordination, confidently rests on the perch, it is necessary to cover the cell with dark tissue for several hours - with a slight concussion, this is enough. Continue monitoring the bird, and if its condition worsens, consult a doctor. If, after an injury, the bird moves uncertainly, does not respond to movement around it, you should immediately contact your doctor and follow his instructions.
Burns not uncommon in poultry, which during the flight land on a hot iron or stove. It is important to help the pet in a timely manner, as this is a great mental shock and stress. First of all, the damaged area should be treated with "Panthenol" in the form of an aerosol. Do not forget to periodically lubricate the perch with a product if a paw burn occurs.
If the bird injured the beak, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Other pets, cats, pose a serious threat to birds. If it happened that a cat scratched your bird, you should immediately contact a veterinarian - he will prescribe antibiotic therapy to the bird. On the claws and in the jaws of the carnivores there are a large number of bacteria dangerous to birds, so even a tiny scratch can lead to sad consequences. If your bird was poisoned by eating something poisonous, swallowing something inedible (plastic, etc.), breathing in toxic fumes (fumes and aerosols that are safe for humans are often toxic for birds), then urgent oxygen and infusion therapy clinic conditions. Contact your healthcare professional immediately and follow his instructions. Do not try to treat poisoning with home remedies - your intervention can only worsen the situation and lead to the death of the bird. If it is not possible to take the bird to the clinic, then ventilate the room before the doctor arrives (if it comes to poisoning with vapors and aerosols), drink the bird with black sweet tea every hour - tea has tonic properties, glucose (two teaspoons of sugar per glass of tea) will support the body , fluid is necessary if the bird loses it (vomiting, diarrhea).
If possible, make a makeshift oxygen chamber. Put the bird in a box with pre-made holes, a box in a plastic bag. Attach the hose from the medical oxygen pillow (sold at the pharmacy) to the bag, open the valve to lower the pillow in 30-40 minutes, and then put the bird back into the cage. Oxygen reduces the "respiratory effort" (the bird spends less energy on breathing), and has an anti-stress effect - with any fears for the life of the bird, this method will help to reach the doctor's arrival.
Injuries, wounds and fractures in birds
Traumatic injuries occur in poultry mainly when they are kept free, when the bird moves freely around the apartment, and the cage serves only for eating and resting.
Uninhabited bird can get strong injury hitting the glass of a window or door. In this case, you need to attach a piece of ice to the base of the skull of the bird or hold it with your neck and head pressed to a bottle of cold water. Next, you need to give the bird complete peace, and it is desirable to darken the cage.
Burns also not uncommon with free content. The bird can sit on a hot iron or stove. Stress from a burn for birds is extremely strong, so the success of treatment depends on the timeliness of treatment measures. The burned place is treated with Panthenol aerosol. If a paw burns, the perch must be thoroughly disinfected and treated with Panthenol. Treatment of the burn site should be carried out at least 3 times a day until the wound is completely healed.
A free flying bird can get bone fracturestearing off a slippery surface or entangled in curtains when trying to break free. Fractures are complete and incomplete when the bone is not completely broken, but there are cracks. In addition, fractures are divided into closed and open, when soft tissue is damaged, the bone protrudes and bleeding is present. With an open fracture, it is first necessary to stop the blood. To do this, use a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide, iodine should not be used - in some birds, the body temperature rises sharply from it, which can lead to sad consequences.
In case of incomplete fractures and dislocations, when there is only swelling and redness at the site of injury, the tires can not be applied, tight bandaging of the site of injury is enough. The damaged wing is bandaged to the body so that the bird cannot move it. It is necessary to limit the bird in movement, in any case, before cure, do not let it out of the cage. If the bird is contained in a common cage, it should, of course, be provided with a separate room. Such injuries in birds usually heal in a couple of weeks.
With a complete fracture of the bones of the legs or wing, when the limb hangs helplessly, unfortunately, you cannot do without tires. Before applying the tire, you need to prepare all the necessary materials and tools, as well as draw up an operation plan so that you do not torment the bird later, while you are looking for something or deciding what to do. For tires on the feet of birds use wood twigs (for small species of birds ordinary matches can be suitable), for the wing, a tire is usually cut from elastic cardboard. The tire is fixed on the body of the bird with the help of a bandage, adhesive tape and strong thread.
It’s quite difficult with the treatment of injuries in parrots, with their powerful beak, they tear off the bandages and imposed during tire fractures.
Causes of Parrot Injuries
The most common pathologies in parrots are dislocations of the joints of the toes, bruises of the head, neck, trunk and wings, wounds, fractures of the tubular bones of the legs (less often - the wings).
The following factors can lead to injuries:
- Most often, parrots living around the clock outside the cage or just sleeping in it are injured.
- Birds can injure each other when kept in large groups.
- If the bird is kept indoors together with other animals (cats and dogs), there is a risk of mechanical damage, the appearance of wounds from bites.
- If a bird likes to sit on the upper edge of open interior doors, it, not being seen, can get fractures of the tubular leg bones at the moment of their closure.
- Budgerigars injure limbs, claws clutching in window shades, in clothing owners, etc. An awkward, inept or abrupt release of a bird can cause dislocation or subluxation of the joints of the toes.
- If a feathered bird falls into the hands of a small child who still cannot control the force of compression, the parrot may die from stress or asphyxiation.
- Sometimes children pull live feathers or tail feathers from the bird, which also turns into bleeding, with a threatening fatal outcome.
- Large parrots (Amazons, cockatoos, Jaco, some cockatiels, macaws and others) often tug on inappropriate items (cosmetic mirrors, hooks, boxes, shoes, etc.), resulting in bruises, bruises, and wounds. The latter are very dangerous, because in birds with rupture of large vessels there is prolonged bleeding, although their blood coagulation rate is higher than in mammals.
- When keeping the parrot "on a free graze", i.e. without a cage, for a bird many objects in the house are traumatic. The cause of bruises are often curtainless windows and furniture with mirrored surfaces. With bruises on the glass, fractures of the wings, neck, beak are possible, less often - the body. Most often, fractures occur during molting of parrots due to a decrease in calcium in the tubular bones. It is not sad, severe bruises and fractures often lead to the death of birds.
Signs of a Parrot Injury
The fact that the pet was injured, you can find out by the following signs:
- the parrot is losing balance
- one wing below the other,
- the bird doesn’t hold its head, rolls on its side,
- the foot is in an unnatural position, the parrot is limping or, when walking, tightens the limb,
- blood is visible at the site of the injury, edema, redness, or bluishness is observed.
If you notice at least one of these symptoms, you must provide first aid as soon as possible and be sure to show the bird to a veterinarian.
First aid injured bird
If the parrot has bleeding, it must be stopped immediately. As a hemostatic agent in providing first aid to a bird, you can use a swab moistened with a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide (or simply squeezing the bleeding site with a swab), cauterize a bleeding surface with a crystal or concentrated potassium permanganate solution. And, of course, the injured bird needs to be shown to the doctor. In a veterinary clinic, the parrot undergoes a clinical examination, he undergoes surgical treatment of wounds and takes therapeutic measures to stop the bleeding.
Open fracture identification is not difficult. It is characterized by bleeding, a wound in which fragments of bones are visible. First of all, you need to stop the bleeding, apply a swab with an antiseptic ointment and also gently bandage the limb to the body. Then as soon as possible you should seek help from a specialist.
Fractures with the preservation of the integrity of the external integument are called closed (simple). Identify simple fracture possible with a thorough examination of the feathered. The injured area may not swell (as opposed to a dislocation), but redness or blueness will be noticeable. With a fracture, it is difficult to bring the wing or paw to its original position - they do not bend. Therefore, a splint must be applied to the affected limb.
At abrasions, bruises and sprainsswelling, redness, or blueing of the damaged area is observed. The parrot presses the foot, does not rest on it. Anoint a sore spot with trauma gel. It acts as an anesthetic, reduces edema, has hemostatic and antiseptic properties. Inexperienced bird owners often confuse a fracture with a common bruise. If the parrot just bruised a foot, there is no need to lay a tire.
When dislocation the limbs of the foot or wing are bent at an unnatural angle, the injured area may turn slightly blue and swollen. Carefully return the limb to the desired position and fix it with a bandage, wrapping (not tight) the limb to the body.
After injuries during the recovery period, instead of drinking water, the bird is given honey water and multivitamins. As a natural source of trace elements and biologically active substances, flower pollen is used - 1-2 tablets per 100 g of bird body weight per day.
Firstly, the task of the parrot owner is to ensure the safety of the parrot in the cage. The cage should not be cramped. The distance between the rods should be such that the parrot could not stick its head between them. Sometimes the birds panic, and then they begin to beat in a cage. In this case, the pet may be injured, so make sure that there are no sharp objects or edges inside the cage.
In order for your feathered life to be full, it is recommended to let it fly out of the cage. The owner’s task is to eliminate possible dangers. Curtains, at least during the first departures, should be shifted. Glass doors and mirrors need to be curtained, otherwise the parrot with all its might could fly into them. High vases need to be covered - the bird can slip in and get hurt.
Remember that while your feathered walks freely, you can not make sudden movements, scream loudly, shake bedspreads, etc. - A frightened parrot will start to rush, and this can lead to injuries.
Be careful and careful, take care of your bird!