Modern Siamese cats have a very characteristic appearance and distinctive features in the form of a thin and long, tube-shaped flexible body, a wedge-shaped head, large almond-shaped and obliquely set eyes of bright blue color, as well as relatively large ears. The distant ancestors of all modern Siamese did not have such an original appearance, but also had a rather attractive appearance.
It is interesting! The most unusual version of the origin of the Siamese cat, to date, is the legend associated with Noah's Ark, according to which the breed appeared as the "fruit of love" of a male monkey and lioness.
Some respected scholars in the scientific community explain the appearance of Siamese into the world by interspecific crossbreeding, which was attended by cats brought into Southeast Asia and native, wild representatives of the cat family.
However, the most reliable version is of Thai origin.. In ancient times, it was this state that was called Siam, which is why cats with original appearance that appeared here more than six hundred years ago were called Siamese.
Until the end of the nineteenth century, meeting the Siamese outside the state of Thailand was practically impossible - their export from the country was strictly forbidden. According to documentary statements in numerous written sources, the indigenous people of Siam simply idolized their cats, and also worshiped such animals, treating them like temple servants and guides of the soul of the deceased to another world. In mid-1884, of an original appearance, a pedigree animal - a Siamese cat, was introduced by the English consul to his homeland from the territory of Bangkok.
Cats of this breed were active participants in almost all religious ceremonies, therefore they were permanent residents of temples.. Only in the second half of the nineteenth century, the ruler of Siam sent a very valuable “living present” to high-ranking European individuals - several dozen adults, sexually mature Siamese cats.
History of the breed in Russia
It is believed that the very first Siamese cats in our country appeared around the middle of the twentieth century, and were brought to Russia by the world famous director and actor Obraztsov S.V. Historically proven is the fact that the fairly close relations that developed between the Russian Empire and Siam contributed to the spread of the breed. That is why some researchers suggest that thoroughbred cats appeared in St. Petersburg in 1897, during the official friendly visit of the Siamese king Chulalongkorn.
Nevertheless, the main interest in Siamese cats arose among domestic breeders only in the seventies of the last century. It should be noted that the "domestic" Siamese had many significant differences from the elegantly sophisticated European Siamese. Russian individuals were quite strong and muscular, well developed and adapted to severe winter cold.
It is interesting! A very small part of Siamese cats was preserved solely due to the merits of enthusiasts, which contributed to a slow but stable improvement in pedigree characteristics.
The Siamese cat, along with the Siberian and Angora breeds, quickly became incredibly popular and widespread, as a result of which a significant part of the real Siamese was actively interbreeding with other pedigree and yard cats. As a result of such an absolutely irresponsible breeding, a large number of not purebred, cross-breed animals appeared.
Siamese cat in america
Starting in 1890, Siamese cats became widely known even outside their homeland of felinology, including America and Australia. The very first Siamese in the White House appeared in 1878. Their owner was Mrs. B. Hayes. Outwardly, such animals significantly differed from modern types of Siamese - they had a shorter and uneven profile, as well as a round and rather massive head.
The first known color of the pedigree Siamese cat is a force point, represented by dark brown or blackish marks on the beige coat of the body. It is he who is still considered the so-called "royal" color.
It is interesting! The USA Feline Association published a rating of the most popular and popular breeds of cats for American cat lovers, according to which the Siamese was rightfully given the first place.
In the thirties, America was recognized as a blue point, and a little later in the country appeared the popular colors of lilac point and chocolate. Tabby Point was recognized only in the sixties. In the fifties, felinologists adopted a new standard of breed Siamese, according to which a purebred animal must necessarily have a narrow and wedge-shaped head, a long body, high legs and large, widely set ears.
Siamese cat in Europe
Purebred animals with Siamese color, represented by a light body, colored muzzle, paws and tail, are well known to Europeans for more than a century. The first Siamese came to England with Anna Crawford, the famous widow of a British officer, who was invited as a governess for princes and princesses to the palace of Siam.
Mrs. Crawford's life story became the basis for the musical King and Me, well-known in many countries, and several adaptations. After the termination of the court service, the Siamese were brought by the governess to London, where they immediately gained incredible success.
Siamese cats had royal privileges in England. At the end of the nineteenth century, Queen Victoria, who had a real passion for purebred Siamese cats, first visited exhibitions with such animals, which had a very positive effect on the popularity of the Siamese.
It is interesting! The British organization “Club of Siamese cats” was organized in 1901, and the standards of Siamese were developed by an expert of NCC - G. Veer and finally approved a year later.
Still preserved photos where you can see Queen Alexandra with her Siamese cat. Siam very quickly became incredibly popular with famous theater and movie stars, including Vivien Leigh.
Other countries and continents
In the post-Soviet space, for some time, breeders gave preference to Thai cats, which have an exterior similar in appearance to the Siamese of the eighteenth century.
They were strong, well-built animals with very neat features and an excellent “athletic” physique. The purebred Thai is inherent in the kitten's pretty appearance, and real Siamese, who became popular a little later, are more like “adult”, slender and graceful animals.
It is interesting! As practice shows, active breeding of Siamese in the entire post-Soviet space appeared no more than a quarter of a century ago, but connoisseurs of traditional "Old Siamese" or Thai cats also remained, whose pedigree standards allow a mixture of Western Siamese and imported whiskies.
Thanks to genogeography, it was possible to determine the distribution of the coat color gene of Siamese cats. The highest percentage of Siamese gene in coat color is observed in animals in the territory of Southeast Asia, as well as in port and coastal European cities.
Nevertheless, directly in Europe, the most typical were the various gene variants of the tabby, including stripes and “marble”. For this reason, scientists are of the opinion that the transformation of the aboriginal Siamese cat into the Siamese breed was promoted by standardization, exhibition displays and examinations, as well as the active work of breeders in different countries.
Siamese cat: origin story
Siamese cats have an exotic appearance. They are beautiful and graceful, but behind the external attractiveness lies a masterful and independent nature. In addition, these cats have magical attractive power, which forces many to acquire such pets, and then get used to their behavioral characteristics.
The origin of this breed is shrouded in legends. She is considered one of the most ancient (along with the Egyptian, Abyssinian and Siberian cats). It is known that already in the XIV century, these cats were part of the Siamese (Thai) culture. They lived in monasteries, Buddhist temples, in the homes of the nobility and aristocracy of Thailand.
One of the legends said that the Siamese cat appeared due to the global flood. Then the male monkey, which Noah carried on the ark, fell in love with a lioness. They gave birth to a Siamese cat, which was distinguished by cunning and courage.
In Europe for a long time nothing was known about this breed, since these cats were considered the property of the kingdom of Siam, they were endowed with mystical and magical properties: they escorted the souls of their owners into the afterlife. Theft or sale of representatives of this breed was strictly punished.
However, at the end of the 19th century, the King of Siam, as a sign of gratitude, presented several of these magnificent beauties to Owen Hood, the British consul. Thanks to the diplomat, Siamese cats ended up in England and spread to Europe. They quickly became the most expensive breed. Only very rich and powerful people could buy such a cat, among them Queen Victoria and American President Rutherford Burchard Hayes.
The situation radically changed at the beginning of the twentieth century, when these exotic purrs began to be massively bred. Buying a cat of this breed has become more affordable. Fashion for Siamese cats, despite their waywardness, has not lost its relevance in our time.
Those who decide to acquire such a pet will find the information below useful.
Siamese cat: breed description
The Siamese cat, the photo of which is presented below, gives a general idea of the appearance of the representatives of this breed. However, it does not tell about the distinctive features of the structure of the animal’s body. Therefore, read the breed standards so as not to confuse the Siamese cat with other breeds that also have a specific color point color.
Pay attention to such features of the body structure of Siamese cats:
Dimensions and Weight
Siamese are medium in size, flexible and muscular. Siamese cats are slightly larger than cats: their weight reaches 5 kg, adults are 25 cm at the withers, and 60 cm in length. Cats are slightly less: weigh up to 3 kg, grow up to 55 cm in length.
Siamese cat breed has external distinctive features. This applies primarily to the head. It is small in size, but looks like a long wedge, has straight side lines. Ears - continuation of the line of the head. They are arranged in such a way that the head resembles an isosceles triangle.
The Siamese have a clear profile, without bends and kinks, the chin is not massive. You will recognize the Siamese cat by the slanting almond-shaped eyes. Traditionally, they are bright blue or dark blue.
It is important to know that the more saturated the color of the eyes, the more thoroughbred the cat. Her nobility also betrays the size of her ears. They should be large and wedge-shaped. Correct and clear lines are a sign of thoroughbred cat.
Body and limbs
The head is connected to the body of a Siamese cat with a long neck. These are lean cats with well-developed muscles and a tube-like body. They sit and move with royal grace, elegant and graceful.
Siamese cat - the owner of long limbs that end with small paws of an oval shape. They have a very long tail, tapering to the tip.
Wool and color
The Siamese have a short shiny coat. She has practically no down, so the breed is suitable for those who are allergic to animal hair. If you got a fluffy Siamese kitten, then everything is not in order with the pedigree.
A distinctive feature of the classic representatives of this breed is a special color - color point. Siamese have light cream coat with dark spots on the face (they create an original mask), on the tail, legs and ears. These marks are solid. However, Siamese kittens are born completely white, the hair begins to darken a few days after the birth, and six months later the Siamese-specific color is finally established.
Please note that the dark mask should not go over the top of the head and should not overlap with dark spots on the ears.
If the Siamese cat has white spots in the color, white paws, eyes of any color except blue and blue, then it deals with un purebred representatives of the breed. Sometimes these cats have the wrong bite and an excessive number of fingers. These are genetic mutations. If you are not going to take part in exhibitions, then such structural features of the body will not become a problem.
Siamese cat: character
Many people know that the most finicky, stubborn and capricious purr is a Siamese cat. The character that she demonstrates to the owners, sometimes makes you think about who is the main in the house - a cat or a person.
However, some owners of these animals, on the contrary, talk about their exceptional mind, sensitivity and mindfulness. Let’s figure out where the truth is, what behavioral traits are inherent in Siamese cats:
Independence, self-sufficiency ... and exactingness
These are three distinctive features that distinguish Siamese cats from a number of representatives of other breeds. They prefer to be near a person and lead the process of communication. These cats should be stroked only when they want it, but it’s better not to do it at all.
Not so long ago, scientists found that Siamese have a genetically modified structure of the spine, which is why painful growths appear on it. When stroking a person presses on them and makes the cat hurt. Defending herself, she uses her claws and teeth.
Siamese love the owners, but they express love in a peculiar way: they accompany them everywhere, but frivolity does not forgive. At the same time, Siamese cats do not like loneliness. A cat whose photo shows the features of her character is playful and active. She loves the movement, takes an active part in family life. These cats have a very loud creaky voice, like to "talk", especially to express dissatisfaction with the persistent meow.
Siamese are conflicting animals. In the event of a threat (even imaginary) they do not hesitate to attack - they release their claws and use sharp teeth. Therefore, they do not get along with pets (dogs, birds and rodents), or with young children.
Guests who come to the house where there are Siamese, it is better to refrain from loud exclamations and sudden movements, because cats will regard this as an act of aggression and will protect the home and owners. Another reason why cats of this breed can attack a person or other animal is jealousy.
Siamese cats are often compared with dogs in their tendency to train and train. They easily memorize commands and reproduce the necessary actions. It is easy to teach them to give a paw or bring an object in their teeth, but patience should be shown in the formation of such skills.
Siamese cat, the price of which allows many to get such a pet, loves the owners and the house in which he lives. She is ready to protect and protect them.
These cats are very sensitive to geomagnetic changes.By their behavior it is easy to find out what natural disasters will occur soon. Especially good they feel the earthquake approaching. According to their behavior, the owners can determine whether it is worth leaving the house or you can wait out the bad weather in it.
Arrangement of the place
If a small Siamese kitten appeared in the house, then you will have to first deal with the device of his place of residence and pastime. These cats will be comfortable in a couch or lodge, located high on the rack. Well, if they provide them with a structure on which you can freely climb - a complex with ladders or columns.
Siam need claws to grind claws. If there are none, then soon you will have to say goodbye to upholstered furniture. Provide them with several toilet trays: cats of this breed are very clean and can show negative traits of their character if the owners do not clean their toilet on time. For food and drink, get a few bowls.
Walking and training
If you want to teach a Siamese kitten to walk on the street, then it is better to do this until he is three months old. Take the cat for a walk on a special harness.
Siamese are easily trained cats, so they will quickly remember the main commands and will be happy to fulfill them. Thanks to their high intelligence, they quickly become accustomed to the pot, easily learn the rules of life in the house.
Usually, premium dry food is selected for purebred cats, but a mixed feeding system is also used. If you use natural food, then keep in mind that cats should not be given fried, smoked and spicy foods, as well as sweets.
Please note that a third of the diet of Siamese cats should consist of fish, because due to excess meat darkening of the coat will occur. Of all the varieties of meat, beef, rabbit meat and chicken are most suitable for cats of this breed. Give only boiled meat. Add butter, egg yolk, boiled rice and oatmeal to your pet's diet.
Siamese cats have excellent health. They are energetic and active. However, to maintain physical fitness they need to be regularly walked, examined by a veterinarian and vaccinated. These cats can develop genetic diseases: liver failure, cardiomyopathy, impaired protein metabolism and malignant tumors of the mammary glands.
If you decide to have a Siamese cat, then be prepared that the pet will need special care and maintenance. With many traits of his character will have to put up, learn to recognize situations in which cats show aggression. A noble and graceful Siamese cat can be loving and caring.