About animals

Oplismenus (ostyanka)


Oplismenus short-haired (Oplismenus hirtellus) is a herbaceous perennial with creeping, branching and rooting shoots from the family of cereals (Gramineae).

Leaves are elongated-lanceolate, 5-10 cm long, 2 cm wide, flowers are inconspicuous, in paniculate inflorescences formed on upright or rising flower-bearing shoots.

Cultivate a more decorative garden form with white and pink striped leaves.

Short-haired Oplismenus grows well in bright light and in partial shade. Winter temperature is 17-24 °.

Substrate: turf, leafy soil, humus (1: 4: 2).

Propagated by apical cuttings or parts of the shoot with one or two leaves.

The rooted cuttings of oplismenus are planted several pieces in a pot and used in the interior as an ampel plant.

Old specimens quickly lose their decorativeness, so they need to be renewed annually from cuttings.

It is better not to fertilize the variegated garden form, because during overfeeding, its pink and white color disappears.

In the winter garden, Oplismenus is used as a groundcover.

Source: Indoor plants. Kapranova N.N. Moscow State University, 1989

Oplismenus / Ostyanka Burmanni (Oplismenus burmanni)

Annual Stem 30-50 cm tall, branched, open, rooted in nodes. Leaves are lanceolate, up to 4 cm long and 1 cm wide with densely hairy sheaths and lamina. Ciliated tongue. Inflorescence up to 8 cm long, one-sided with a hairy, sinuous axis and short twigs. Spikelets sit closely, racemose on one side. Spikelets about 0.4 cm long, ovate-lanceolate. Floral scales in the upper part are hairy, with a short spine.

Oplismenus short-haired (Oplismenus hirtellus)

Perennial, herbaceous plant with creeping, branching, rooting in nodes, vegetative shoots and erect or rising peduncles. The leaves are narrowly lanceolate, up to 10 cm long and 2 cm wide. Inflorescence is a one-sided rare panicle up to 10 cm tall. Spikelets are green with reddish awns up to 1 cm long.

Oplismenus care and maintenance

LightingOplismenus: The plant is quite unpretentious. In winter, they are kept at a temperature of + 10-15C, but not lower than + 8C. The plant is photophilous, grows well in bright, diffuse sunlight, but tolerates partial shade.

WateringOplismenus: Watering is carried out as the earthen coma dries, abundant in summer, and moderate in winter.

BreedingOplismenus: Easy to propagate by cuttings at any time of the year. After rooting, they are planted several pieces in one pot.

Air humidity: It is useful to spray leaves periodically.

TransferOplismenusA transplant is usually not needed. Adult specimens grow and lose their decorativeness, so the plant is recommended to be renewed every 1-2 years. You can also rejuvenate the plant by pruning in early spring. Soil: turfy soil, humus, peat, sand (1: 1: 1: 1).

Top dressingOplismenus: In spring and summer it is necessary to feed with full mineral fertilizer. When growing variegated forms, fertilize should be moderated, since a pink and white color disappears from an overdose of fertilizers.

Primary gender: Ostyanka
The soil
  • Loose, nutritious, always with drainage. You can use ready-made soil mix for decorative deciduous plants.
The size
  • from 20 to 30 cm
Flowering time
  • January to December
Possible colors
    • Medium // Acceptable direct rays for several hours, eastern, western orientation
    • Medium // Heavy watering 2-3 times a week
    Difficulty of leaving
    • Little // Does not need special requirements for growth and flowering
    Air humidity
    • Many // High humidity (60% and more: tropics all year round, typical summer humidity in the middle lane)
    Fertilizer frequency
    • Medium // Fertilizer only during the period of active growth (minimum during the rest period)

    Ostyanka short-haired is the only representative of the species that is grown indoors.

    The decoration of the plant is small leaves, mottled with clearly defined white stripes. The Variegatus subspecies has a pink hue, which makes it even more decorative.

    The plant grown in overhead containers, serves as a spectacular decoration of rooms, balconies and verandas.

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