The most popular long-haired breed is considered one of the oldest. Where the Persian cat comes from is not known for certain, although many are inclined to believe that the ancestors were the furry inhabitants of ancient Persia.
At first glance, she looks calm and obedient. On postcards and photographs you can find many fluffy cats in royal poses: “Persians” like to pose for a photographer.
Features of character and behavior
"Persians" are pleasant in communication, calm and easily tolerate the limitations of space. By temperament, they could be called phlegmatic: cats will not jump around the curtains and drop vases from the table, but they are not averse to running after a ball or hunting for a real mouse.
However, do not imagine them as beautiful "dolls." Despite the apparent complaisance, each Persian cat or cat has a rather complex, wayward character. "Persians" are very smart, but they use their extraordinary abilities to deceive their master. In fact, these animals are moody and flattering.
Some habits of the “Persians” may seem strange, but it’s quite natural for them:
- to move the bowl of food to you, and not to approach it yourself,
- eat “from the claw” without bending your head to food,
- sleep on a cold balcony, abandoning the usual bedding when a new family member appears in the house.
In the family, Persian cats choose "their" man and will be devoted to him all his life. If a person responds with the same love to his pet, the relationship will go beyond the standard: the cat will be equated with family members.
Intrabreeds of Persian cats
Inside the breed, the animals differ in color.
- one color cats
- with partial color,
- painted within the points,
- smoky tabby.
The color feature is the complete absence of whites and gray hairs, light undercoat. Eyes - copper or orange, the fur is long, especially in the collar area, on the chest.
The undercoat is thick. Pads are brown or black
For a Persian cat - a carrier of a snow-white "fur coat" is characteristic:
- long, soft and smooth fur,
- blue eyes, "orange" or multi-colored,
- short fluffy tail,
- pink nose and pads on the legs.
It is believed that white cats with blue eyes are deaf.
The blue Persian kitten initially has a tabby color, which subsequently becomes invisible. The fur up to 10 cm long is soft, silky. The undercoat is thick. The paw pads, upturned nose and eyelids are gray-blue in color. The characteristic eye color is copper, the ears are small, the fluffy tail is also small.
Eyes - copper or "orange" color, wool - unusually long, eyelids, paw pads and nose - pink. Everything else is standard for the breed. The fur may have a cream or brighter - copper shade.
A brighter coat color than that of a creamy Persian cat is orange-red. It can be monophonic or with "divorces" characteristic of tabby. In tone with fur - a frame of the eyes, paw pads and nose, which has a characteristic upturned appearance. Eyes are also orange, "orange" shade. Its face resembles a Pekingese cat.
The smoky color of a Persian cat can have different ebbs:
The main feature and advantage of this variety is the silver-white undercoat. The fur is long, soft and silky. The paw pads, nose and eyelids of cats of a dark color are black, of light cats - light, in tone with wool.
The main wealth of the smoky "Persians" is in the characteristic fluffy tail, luxurious antennae and delightful overflows of fur when moving.
The unusual color of the Persian cat is characterized by a red or cream shade of the ends of the hairs, while the undercoat whiteness becomes noticeable only with the movements of the fluffy beauty. The fur is distinguished by its length, paw pads and a small pink nose. The eyes are copper or orange.
They were separated into a separate breed - Himalayan: Persian cats with Siamese color. The main "background" is white or ivory, the eyes are usually blue. The tail is splendid.
Chinchilla has white or golden fur with shaded black or brown tips. The coat is splendid, the fur is thick, long. Paw pads in the color of wool, eyes - green, "summed up" in black.
The bicolor Persian cat is distinguished by the presence of spots evenly distributed over the white background. According to breed standards, spots should not occupy more than 2/3 of the body, and white fur should not exceed ½. The color of the pads and nose matches the color of the spots. Eyes - "orange" color.
The pattern can be seen in different colors:
Under the color of fur and paw pads, nose. The eyes of cats of silver color are green or brown, the rest have a copper hue.
Tortoise with white
This variety is characterized by a combination of white fur with red, cream and black. Possible combinations of blue, purple and chocolate shades. The breed standards establish the need for white on the face. The eyes are copper-colored, the spout corresponds to the color of the coat, and the paw pads are multicolored.
Cats with chocolate-colored fur have orange eyes, pads and a nose in the tone of wool, which is exactly “dyed”. The presence of spots is uncharacteristic.
The unusual color is complemented by “orange” eyes, a snub-nosed nose “in tone” with the fur and the same color of the paw pads. The fur is thick, long, the tail is fluffy, the ears are small.
Features of care and maintenance, nutrition
Breeding works affected the character and behavior of the Persian cat. The main feature is the complete lack of street survival skills. Abandoned or lost animal is doomed to death.
But at home, the cat feels like a queen. And as a true queen should be, she needs care. A long thick coat requires care: daily combing, otherwise the fur will roll, worms will form. It is necessary to put up with the fact that the cat’s hair will appear everywhere in the house - the Persians molt almost all year round.
In addition to the inconvenience to the owners, the animals themselves suffer from this: when they lick, they swallow a lot of hair that can slide into a lump in the stomach and clog the gastrointestinal tract. It is necessary to give special preparations that remove wool from the body painlessly. Many make the Persians a beautiful haircut.
Samovigul is not for Persian cats. If you walk, it’s only on the harness so that the cat doesn’t attach vegetable debris or burdock to the wool. After a walk you need to comb it immediately.
From early childhood, a kitten needs to be accustomed to swimming. If you wash the cat twice a month with special shampoos with conditioner, you can facilitate the combing procedure. Detergents need to be chosen with medicinal herbs, and tint shampoos are recommended for black cats. So that the pet's hair does not become electrified, after it dries, it must be treated with an antistatic spray.
The food of a Persian cat must contain the necessary amount of animal and vegetable proteins, amino acids and vitamins. The main condition is that the feed of industrial production must be selected with a class not lower than premium, super-premium.
Unfortunately, “Persians” do not differ in ideal health. They can meet a whole bunch of genetic diseases. Due to the peculiar structure of the skull, the main problems of cats are eyes and nose. Difficulty breathing may be due to the abnormal structure of the nasal septum.
This is especially noticeable during pain, stress, in hot weather - the pet is short of breath, sounds like snoring are heard. This may affect the behavior of the cat - it is inactive, sleeps a lot. An operation to expand the nasal septum can help, after which the animal will not experience a lack of oxygen.
Due to the shortened lacrimal canal, the Persians often have lacrimation. If you do not look after your eyes, the secretions will accumulate and dry in the corners. To help the cat, you need to regularly rinse your eyes with warm water using a cotton swab.
Such serious diseases in Persian cats are much more difficult:
- urolithiasis disease,
- renal failure
- hypertrophic cardiomyopathy,
- viral rhinotracheitis,
- retinal atrophy.
The health of the Persian cannot be ignored. To increase the life span of a pet, it is important to have a regular checkup with a veterinarian.
Mr. Cat recommends: Table: pros and cons of the Persian cat breed
When deciding whether to take a Persian cat to the house, you need to compare all the pros and cons of the breed:
The acquisition of a Persian kitten
“Persians” are extremely smart, therefore, from an early age they are distinguished by good habits, however, it is not recommended to buy a kitten under 3-4 months old. By this age, they already know how to use the tray without a slip, they eat on their own. But the most important thing is that all vaccinations should be given by this time.
When choosing a kitten, it is important to pay attention to:
- the ears of the kitten - so that they are clean, without secretions,
- eyes - the presence of pus indicates the presence of infectious diseases,
- wool - shiny, soft - an indicator of health.
By purchasing a Persian cat, you can get a great friend, a “sofa cushion” who prefers to curl up comfortably on his owner’s lap than to arrange “stomping cats” in the apartment. The luxurious well-groomed appearance of the “Persians” leaves no one indifferent: it is not for nothing that animals of this breed collect prizes at exhibitions, show off on postcards and photographs.
You can buy a Persian kitten without a pedigree and documents for 2-5 thousand rubles, a half-Persian kitten for 500-1000 rubles. Pedigree kittens in the nursery are much more expensive - the price can range from 7000 to 20,000 rubles, if the parents are titled.
The so-called Persians can be attributed to one of the most ancient breeds. The history of its occurrence is not known for certain, probably the first cats, covered with a considerable length of vegetation, appeared as a result of mutational changes - that is, in a natural way. Later, animals with characteristic features were isolated into a separate breed, which improved over time and was somewhat modified by breeders.
As it is easy to guess by the name, the birthplace of the animal is Persia - modern Iran. It was here, at the beginning of the XVII century, these cats were seen by European travelers, one of which, Pietro del Valle, brought several individuals to Italy. Soon they learned about amazing creatures in France - a family of cats of this breed was presented to Cardinal Richelieu by a French diplomat who returned from a trip.
Thanks to the patronage of the cardinal, long-haired animals quickly became popular. Soon to have them in the house became fashionable among the European aristocracy. At that time, this breed was not yet called Persian - cats were called Oriental, Turkish, often Angora. It was believed that there was no fundamental difference between Angora and cats, whose ancestors were imported from Persia.
XIX century can be called a turning point for the "Persians". In 1887, the National Club of Cats appeared in the UK, and after two years the standards of the breed were determined, the name of which was fixed as Persian Longhair.
In America, long-haired cats appeared at the end of the XIX century. Unusual creatures immediately became incredibly popular. As a result of attempts by breeders to improve the decorative features of cats, charming pets appeared with wide eyes and a short nose. The experiment could not be called completely successful - changes in appearance caused some health problems in animals. The work to eliminate these shortcomings required a lot of time and patience.
In Russia, this breed appeared in the 80s of the last century. In the early 90s there were breeders involved in its breeding.
Modern representatives of the breed are not much like their brothers, who lived at the beginning of the 20th century. The appearance of those more resembled the breed of mei-kun. Persian at all times was one of the most popular breeds. These cats throughout history have been companions of rich and successful people.
Persian cats were the favorites of Cardinal Richelieu. After his death, he bequeathed to his pets a lifelong maintenance. Because of superstition - cats were considered in those days the embodiment of the devil, the courtiers did not fulfill the will of the cardinal. Animals were burned at the stake.
Common features of the Persian breed
Snub-nosed, as if frowning muzzle, big eyes - either surprised or a little sad - the unusual Persian muzzle was called "baby-face". To imagine a Persian cat according to this description is already not difficult. But the so-called children's face and luxurious long hair are not the only characteristic features of the breed.
Today, there are several types of breeds, each of which has certain nuances of appearance. The main difference concerns the shape and location of the spout. Persian cat happens:
- Classic type. A slightly upturned nose is just below eye level.
- Modern type (short-nosed). The edge of the nose intersects the border of the lower eyelid. The eyes are large, rounded.
- Extreme (American) type. A small nose, as if concave in the muzzle, is located in line with the inner corners of the eyes.
- Shorthair type (exotic). Meets the general breed standards, differing only in the length of the coat.
Table: General Persian Longhair breed standards (WCF)
|Head||Rounded, massive. The frontal part is high and convex,|
wide cheekbones are quite low. The stop line is clearly expressed.
|The ears||Small, widely spaced. Tilted forward, shape|
rounded with tassels at the ends.
|Nose||Upturned, wide and short.|
|Eyes||Expressive, rounded, widely spaced.|
The iris can be multi-colored, a shade of copper or blue.
|Neck||Short and fat.|
|Torso||Squat, developed muscles.|
|Limbs||Short, stocky. Paws rounded, powerful.|
Between fingers visible wool.
|Tail||Differs in fluffiness. The length is medium, the tip is rounded.|
|Wool||It is distinguished by its silkiness and considerable length, which can reach 12 cm.|
It does not fit to the body, forms a long collar on the neck and chest.
The peculiarity of the “Persians” of the so-called tin color is white wool, with shaded black patches - usually on the legs and back. A considerable length of vegetation covers the muscular, short-legged trunk. The paw pads and spout on the round face, bordered in black, are painted in a brick shade. The eyes of the characteristic Persian copper color are outlined in dark. A luxurious mustache and voluminous tail meet common standards.
Criteria for choosing a Persian kitten
After making sure of the reputation of the breeder and deciding to purchase, it is worth observing the cubs in their usual environment. So you can evaluate the physical condition of the animal, find out how playful and socially adapted it is.A healthy animal should be agile and curious, because a kitten is the same child - when he sees a toy, he must definitely do it. If the kitten moves a little and does not show interest in anything, this may indicate that not everything is in order with his health.
Healthy small individuals should not have wet, sticky from the discharge of the eyes. Ears should be clean. The coat of a healthy animal is smooth, without bald patches. Before buying, it is worth evaluating the condition of the kitten's bone system. Having felt the tail, it is necessary to make sure that all vertebrae are even, there are no creases. All parts of the face should be symmetrical, the bite is correct.
At what age is better to acquire a "Persian"
Species in cubs of a Persian cat begin to appear at three to four months of age. Usually experienced breeders pass kittens to owners after they reach 13 weeks of age. Cubs "Persians" are covered with a plentiful fluff. The process of changing hair, changing the body and head ends after 3 years.
Persian breed diseases
Regular vaccinations and proper care are the key to the excellent health of the Persians. The irregular shape of the skull and nose can lead to breathing problems - animals can snore in their sleep. In animals, tartar can often be observed. The hereditary pathologies of the "Persians", which require surgical intervention, include:
- Polycystic kidney disease. It is found at the age of 3 to 10 years.
- Retinal atrophy is progressive. It is expressed in a decrease in the quality of vision and blindness. In animals, the pupils expand significantly during the development of the disease.
- Bladder stones Pathology is characteristic of any age. If the cat often goes to the toilet, there is blood in the urine - urgently need to contact a veterinarian.
- Cystitis. The disease manifests itself with frequent urination, a change in the color of urine. The animal has a stomachache.
- Cardiomyopathy Heart failure is characterized by shortness of breath, refusal to walk and other activities, anorexia.
Persian cats may also have liver problems. Regular examinations - at least once every two to three months, will help prevent or timely detect health problems in the animal.
Features knitting "Persians"
Observance of certain rules for breeding animals of the Persian breed will help to obtain healthy offspring and prevent health problems in a cat. First of all, don’t need to knit a cat too early. The optimal age can be considered a period from one year and a half years. You should not choose too large “suitors”, because if the offspring goes to dad, it will be difficult for the female to produce kittens. Of course, if the cat itself is large, then the size of the cat does not matter.
It is necessary to bring a cat on a “date” with a cat on the second day after the onset of estrus. Binding itself should take at least two days. Before mating, ensure that the animals are healthy and vaccinated. In order for the cat to fully recover between childbirth, mating should be done no more than 1-2 times a year.
Castration and sterilization
Sterilization or castration of your pet is the best choice for those people who want to keep the animal at home and at the same time not to worry about the onset of puberty, accompanied by unpleasant moments. Both operations, which differ in the mechanism of carrying out, deprive the animal of the ability to produce offspring.
It is better to carry out the procedure of castration or sterilization of individuals of the Persian breed during the period when the body is sufficiently formed - in 8-12 months. After the operation, the character of the animal changes for the better - it becomes more calm and affectionate. According to statistics, castrated pets live longer and get sick less often.
Do not be afraid that the animal will be hurt - safe anesthesia is used for the operation. After the procedure, cats and cats quickly return to normal life.
Some owners consider the use of hormonal drugs an alternative option for surgery. Do not dare to do this - they all have side effects and lead to serious pathologies.
Video: Persian Cats
For two years now, this creature has been living in our family. This is a Persian cat of pale peach color Masyanya. Kinder cat just does not happen. Even during the game he never releases his claws, does not scratch, does not hiss and does not bite) Therefore, I recommend this breed. Of course, the cat requires care, it is especially good to comb out its hair, otherwise from time to time you will find shreds of wool in the apartment. I advise you to comb out cats every other day with an ordinary trickster, but at least once a week. This operation takes 5 minutes, so do not treat this as a problem. Also, once a week you need to wipe your eyes. Little kittens also need to wipe their eyes.
The best cats are Persian. Beautiful, smart, affectionate, friendly! Parents always had Persians, and I bought kitty myself. A mixture of common Persian and Exot Persian. They called Jean. We can’t get enough of our cat - and smartie, I went to the tray the first time (Thanks to the breeder!), And eats everything, and affectionate, I call him “distraction”, because if he suits, then there is no way to continue the work begun, without taking up its squeezing and caressing. He understands everything, quickly responds, purrs, sits on his lap as I want, meets, there is no price! Well, beautiful, soft, like a toy! Such stripes, blue eyes, paw pads shaggy and black - I love! Everything is in it as I always wanted! We live in a country house, so he caught a mouse and dragged it to me later). Many are afraid to start the Persians, and in vain! If you bathe them with special shampoos, comb out, wipe your eyes, pussy will only be a joy!
Have you ever had a Persian cat? Well, or in general, with long hair? If you have made yourself such a miracle, congratulations - it makes no sense to try to get rid of the wool that will be everywhere in your home. On clothes, in bed, on towels, etc. Perhaps this is the main minus. I start with him, because for 12 years the wool just got me. At the same time, regular combing does not really help. The rest is a beautiful animal). Her name is Soya). I just prefer vegetarian cuisine. As already mentioned, she appeared with us 12 years ago. It was a small lump with ears and a tail. Immediately accustomed to the tray, without any problems. Pleases us for many years. We did not undergo sterilization, we tried to bring the cat, but our princess did not give. Contact a veterinarian about health problems. Thank God, I have never had to. Every summer we make a haircut under a lion cub so that it is not hot. It feeds on cat food, occasionally chicken or other cooked meat. He doesn’t drink milk. Probably out of principle. In general, it is somewhat unusual with us. I still do not understand what is wrong with her. Accepts only one owner, and sometimes, who gives food, he accepts. In the mood, you know. Very affectionate with those from whom he feels protection and love. A cat is a cat. Recently, she began to walk on carpets, although the tray is always freely available and clean. We decided that it was from sexual dissatisfaction or just boredom. Nevertheless, if you decide to have such a cat, think 10 times. Wool is unbearable at times. And if you went through everything described above - do not give it away, because if you brought an animal, then be responsible. She will not survive betrayal.
Persian cats can be called "living toys." They cannot live outside the home. They are distinguished by devotion, calm disposition, do not like loneliness and are very attached to a person. These animals delight with their cute face, playfulness and affectionate disposition. Representatives of the Persian breed can be called fluffy, loving phlegmatic. This is precisely their charm and originality.