Lamellae - an extremely diverse and large group of beetles. Different lamellae can vary greatly in appearance and size. This family contains species only 2-3 mm long, but also one of the largest beetles - the Goliath beetle and the Hercules beetle, which reaches a length of 16 cm. The shape of the body also varies greatly: it is oval, cylindrical, almost square, etc. Often, the lamellar integument is painted in bright colors, they can be metal-shiny, like bronzes, and covered with thick hairs or scales. Many lamellae have various outgrowths or horns on the head and pronotum. As a rule, only “males” have such “jewelry”; they use them in the struggle for females. Despite these numerous differences, all members of the family have antennae with an asymmetric lamellar club (for which these beetles got their name) and digging tibia of the front legs with teeth on the front edge. Currently, more than 25,000 species of this family are known that are distributed around the world.
According to the characteristics of the lifestyle, different groups of lamellae are also very different from each other. Some of them in the adult state eat certain parts of plants or nectar, mushrooms and tree sap, while others eat the litter of various animals or their remains (in particular, wool and feathers). There are those who do not eat at all at the adult stage. A special group of lamellae, dung beetles, uses the droppings of various animals as food and stores it for their larvae. Many dung beetles make balls or pears from litter and lay eggs there, and some also pre-bury this provision. Some lamellar eggs lay eggs in soil, rotting wood, or other decaying organics. Hatched larvae feed on plant roots, plant and animal debris, soil humus. Crawler beetles stockpile rotting vegetation for their larvae, which they place in minks.
Larvae of the lamellar have a typical erucoid structure, are inactive and light colored. As a rule, in dung beetles, larvae develop within one year, but in some scarabids they complete development only after 2-3 years. Larvae pupate in shelters, usually in the same place where they lived, some of which make a cocoon.
Some lamellar species are active during the day and are found on vegetation, including flowers during daylight hours, while other Scarabaeidae are active mainly at night and fly well into the light. Some representatives of this family live in anthills and termite mounds, bird nests and rodent burrows.
Dung beetles provide invaluable assistance to humans, since they are the main processors of the litter of wild and domestic animals. Other species of lamellae are actively involved in pollination of plants. However, among Scarabaeidae there are also serious pests that eat plant roots and leaves.
Tribe - Aphodiini
Aphody two-spotted Aphodius (Acrossus) bimaculatus (Laxmann, 1770)
Aphodius Ivanova Aphodius (Chilothorax) ivanovi Lebedev, 1912
Aphody thin-armed Aphodius (Chilothorax) exilimanus Kabakov, 1994
Aphody satellite Aphodius (Biralus) satellitus (Herbst, 1789)
Aphodium forest Oxyomus sylvestris (Scopoli, 1763)
Tribe - Rutelini
Light Khrushchik Anomala luculenta Erichson, 1847
The gleam brilliant redhead Anomala rufocuprea Motschulsky, 1860
Rainbow Khrushchik Proagopertha lucidula Faldermann, 1835
Japanese mirror chipper Popillia japonica Newman, 1838
Garden goose Phyllopertha horticola (Linnaeus, 1758)
Triba - Cetoniini
Suitable bronze for Gametis jucunda (Faldermann, 1835)
Marble bronze Protaetia (Liocola) lugubris (Herbst, 1786)
Related bronze Protaetia (Eupotosia) affinis (Andersch, 1797)
Bronze Hungarian Protaetia (Netocia) ungarica (Herbst, 1790)
Large bronze bronze Protaetia (Cetonischema) aeruginosa (Drury, 1770)
Shaggy Deer Tropinota (Epicometis) hirta (Poda, 1761)
Stinky deer Oxytherea funesta Poda von Neuhaus, 1761