First lessons with a puppy in the Big Ring program
(contact with the stack, hands, transition from a rag to a cloth roller (harness)
The puppy “privet” on the rag starts on a leash, then the puppy is released for the throw. The trainer fixes the puppy "sense of ownership", then teaches him to make a firm grip. These stages of training have been described in previous articles. Further classes include practicing the following techniques:
- training the puppy to the touch of the hands of an instructor,
- teaching a puppy to touch a folder (stack),
- transition from a rag to a tow,
- preparation of a grasp for a suit, instructor.
1. Teaching a puppy to the touch of the hands of an instructor. During the period of practicing with the puppy of all of these methods, it is important not to run ahead and strictly follow the sequence, because how they will work the dog in the future depends on their assimilation. While practicing the grip, the puppy should be calm to the touch of his hands. Instructor and do not pay attention to his movements (in the sense of not afraid of them). This will come in handy later when the instructor will threaten the dog with movements of the hands, and the stick will become more noticeable. At first, we recommend that the instructor simply stroke the puppy's head. This is done as follows: as soon as the dog completes his grip, the instructor, holding the rag with one hand, puts a stick on the ground with the other hand and strokes the dog with his free hand over the head, while pulling the rag towards himself.
Thus, the instructor’s movements will not be scary for the puppy, because for him they will be associated with pleasant sensations. The puppy will develop a sense of trust in the instructor - or an indifferent attitude to everything that is not related to grip.
During the grip, the puppy will calmly perceive the instructor's hand movements and will feel more confident. In the future, the dog will be able to behave correctly in the competition, when the instructor will resist it. After this stage has been successfully completed, I recommend working to strengthen the puppy's grip. To do this, at the end of each grip, the instructor must pretend that he is trying to open the puppy's mouth with his hands and pick up a rag from him. It is important that the instructor does not take the rag for real, but only tries to do it, then the puppy, not wanting to part with the rag, clings to it more tightly. The instructor should give the puppy the opportunity to “win”, the more energetically the puppy behaves, the stronger his grip becomes.
2. Teaching a puppy to a stick (stack). If the puppy is accustomed to the touch of the instructor’s hands and their movements, if he is familiar with the sounds of sticks from a distance, then he will be passionate about the only goal - to get hold of a rag. Only at this stage of preparing the puppy does it make sense to move on to stick training When the puppy performs his grip, the instructor chooses a moment to lightly touch the back of the stick with a wide movement from the side. When the stick touches the puppy's back, it is necessary to pull a rag or move it to concentrate the dog's attention on it. In general, enhancing rag tension is very useful in every case when it is necessary to introduce a new, more complex task into the learning process.
Work with a stick includes the following phases:
- Stick touching the back of the dog,
- Change of hand: the dog must get used to the fact that the stick can be in any hand, because later on in the competition she may have to work with a left-handed instructor,
- Hitting with a stick on the ground (at the beginning of training, the dog’s paws do not touch the stick): the dog must not forget about the existence of the stick, in addition, it must get used to it: in order to be able to continue work unhindered at the stage when the instructor begins to use the stick as threats.
Further, in working with a stick, the dog is taught that the instructor leans in front of it and hits the ground with a stick. Each time, when trying to get something new from the dog, one should not forget about the old one, periodically returning back and repeating the past. The repetition of simpler techniques is necessary in order for the dog to feel more confident in work. After the dog begins to work well with the stick, the grip can begin to work out on a tourniquet.
3. Transition from a rag to a tow. The rag is folded so that it resembles a tourniquet in shape. Then the instructor instead of a rag gives the puppy a tourniquet that should be soft enough. Initially, the work is built on the same principle as with a rag. The stronger the puppy's skills are fixed during the previous phases of training, the more confidently he will work with the tourniquet. During exercises with a tourniquet, a strong grip is also achieved, gradually including the influence of hands and sticks. Gradually, the instructor acts with a stick more and more noticeably: touching the back with a stick increases, the threat becomes more pronounced.
To consolidate what has been achieved, new irritants are introduced: various objects are laid out on the ground - empty cans, paper bags, plastic bottles with rubble, car tires, etc., and the dog is let down so that all this is in front of it.
The instructor allows the dog to grab the tourniquet, moving it all the time, while touching the objects laid out in front of the dog with his foot. Gradually, the dog will get used to not paying attention to extraneous noise and will make a grip, despite the obstacles that have arisen in front of it.
To prepare the dog for the grip on the suit, the instructor forces her to turn her head to make the grip. To do this, he holds the tourniquet by the ends: he presses one end with his right foot, the other with his left hand (then the position changes - left leg, right hand). At first, the instructor holds the harness at an angle so that it is easier for the dog to grab it, then, gradually, he raises it, up to a vertical position, in which the harness becomes like an extension of his leg. The puppy has no choice but to turn his head so that it is more convenient to hold the tourniquet. During each grip, you must ensure that it is strong, both on the left and on the right. The rhythm of learning techniques depends on the individual and pedigree characteristics of each dog. As soon as it becomes clear that the dog is working correctly, it is necessary to gradually switch to an increasingly rigid harness in order to prepare it for the grip on the costume. Classes with a rag and a tourniquet should always be attractive to the puppy. Lessons should not be too long, it is better to study in a group so that the puppies gaze at each other.
After class, you should immediately leave the site, release the puppy to rest, and then put him in the car. During training, it is necessary to ensure that the puppy works more confidently. The instructor should feel very well with what force to act on the puppy, so as not to disrupt it. For example, if the instructor strikes with a stick near the puppy's paws, he should not touch them at this stage. Of course, most dogs will not be confused by touching the paws with a stick, but we must not forget that some of these premature actions can frighten. The instructor will then have to spend time on eliminating the unwanted reaction of the dog due to a mistake made by him, instead of, perhaps, slowly but surely moving further according to the plan. Further studies can be devoted to working out the grip on the suit.
3. Make a plan for training classes for OKD.
1. Theme of the lesson: Teaching dogs to laying (landing, standing, voice, etc.) on command and consolidating previously worked skills - 2 hours.
2. The purpose of the lesson: 1) to give the counselors the knowledge and skills necessary for working with the dog to receive the styling, 2) to develop the initial conditioned reflex for the “Lie” command in the dog: 3) to achieve a clear fulfillment of the previously developed skills in the group lesson.
3. Method of conducting and place of employment. Group exercises on the training ground
4. Material support: To show the exercises - the dog Aza (owner Rodimov), short and long leashes, one strict collar.
Tutorial: Amateur dog breeder, ed. DOSAAF, 1955, pp. 85–87.
5. Training issues and timing:
a) Test verification - 20 min.
b) Guidelines for the study of the method of "laying the dog" - 15 minutes
c) Group exercises to teach the dog to be laid from the landing position - 15 min.
d) A break, walking the dogs - 10 minutes.
d) Group exercises to develop skills: approach to the counselor, movement nearby, landing and laying - 20 min.
f) Verification of assimilation - 45 min.
g) Analysis of the lesson - 10 minutes.
h) Task - 5 min.
1. Features of dog training for protective and guard duty.
Features of the training of dogs for protective and guard duty:
Dog training services of the Federal Penitentiary Service, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the FSB use in their work dogs that have been trained at the course of protective guard duty (ZKS). The skills acquired by animals during the training process are used in the detention of offenders, their escort and protection, in the search for explosives and drugs, as well as in anti-terrorist operations. Dogs trained under the ZKS program are also intended for the protection of people and military facilities.
Tasks of the ZKS and selection of dogs for her:
The service received its development from former military directions in training. In modern conditions, the power structures of Russia, on the basis of training in the West Coast, are preparing for guard, search, guard and escort dogs. Depending on the specific type of service and the purpose of using the dog, a specific set of skills is selected for it, which the animal will have to train. Dog handlers of the Ministry of Internal Affairs teach their pets not only the ZKS course, but also the ability to take a trace, which is necessary for dogs in search and rescue services (PSS).
Animals that take the course develop special skills that are somewhat different from the skills presented to dogs in the search and rescue service. They must protect people and things, be able to detain and escort, select things according to their individual smell. Given the specifics of the work, as a result of the training course, dogs develop distrustfulness to strangers, vigilance, anger, attentiveness, decisiveness. The most suitable for ZKS are German and Caucasian shepherds, airedale, Dobermans, rottweilers, dogs and boxers.
It is desirable that the dogs have a balanced type of temperament, less excitable dogs are less suitable for such work. And it is absolutely undesirable to take in the ZKS phlegmatic animals that are poorly trained and amenable to training, are passive and lazy. A dog with an unbalanced, excitable type of nervous activity, which is dominated by a defensive instinct, needs additional coercive training measures, for example: parfors. It should be especially carefully monitored during guard and search work. The dog should not be overexcited, having received a breakdown in the direction of the pathogen, otherwise it will lose track.
Technique for practicing the pursuit reflex:
In the process of raising puppies for ZKS, irritants such as teasing and running away are used. When training a young dog, it should be borne in mind that any particularly sharp attack provokes a retreat in the animal. And, on the contrary, seeing a clear retreat, the dog begins to pursue. This moment is very important: a careless blow with an active attack can cause a puppy to fear, which will be difficult to overcome. A cautious and insinuating attack usually causes the dog to throw first. In this case, the trainer makes a “frightened look” and begins to retreat, which leads to a second, more powerful throw of the puppy forward.
When the pursuit reflex is fixed by several exercises, the action is complicated by the use of a rag or stick, being extremely careful. Third-party objects are used to form the desire of the dog to take them away. The best way to do this is to try to pull an object from the puppy’s mouth immediately after grasping. Training should take place in such a way as to interest the young dog in the struggle in the form of a game and develop its defensive instinct. Having emerged victorious from the confrontation, the puppy should receive encouragement from the educator in the form of goodies and approving gestures.
Guard service is much simpler than guard duty. The dog must bark strangers and restrain outsiders when trying to enter the protected area. It is possible to form and develop a watchdog reflex in a puppy much faster if you put him on a chain near the guard dog. Accustomed to the behavior of a trained dog, the baby will adopt the stereotype and quickly learn by himself. The best breeds for guard duty are the Caucasian and Central Asian Shepherd Dogs, as well as the Moscow Watchdog.
Teaching a dog to accurately select a person’s things by smell will help classes in the formation of the following skills:
- on the command “Sniff!” the animal sniffs,
- differentiation of odors, the allocation of human odor from the rest,
- the ability to choose a thing according to the smell of the sample and bring it to the coach.
The main ones in such classes are the teams “Smell!” And “Seek!”, The auxiliary ones are “Give!”, “Aport!”. It is advisable to develop these skills even before the animal develops aggression so that anger against an outsider does not distract from the process of learning to sample an object.
At the first stages, the dog should be able to choose things according to the smell of its trainer. The gloved assistant lays out several objects in an open place that do not smell like a trainer, and then walks away. At a distance of three meters from the laid out things, the trainer allows the pet to sniff his subject. To do this, covering his mouth with an animal, he brings a smelling thing to his nose and, holding it at a distance of 2-5 cm, he says the command “Sniff!” Several times. After that, the mentor imperceptibly puts his subject to the rest of the group, and, returning to the dog, gives her the command “Sniff!” With a characteristic hand gesture towards the spread out objects. The dog should choose a thing with the smell of a trainer and bring it up. For proper execution, the trainer encourages his pet, while treats are always given with the left hand, and objects with the right. Complicating the task, the dog should be trained in the selection of the things of a stranger among objects devoid of smell. After mastering these skills, you should be trained to choose a thing from several objects with different smells. For an objective assessment of the dog’s performance, the trainer should change his assistants as often as possible.
Protecting a thing, the animal is in a state of alertness for a long time, performing the main command “Protect!”. By the time of training, the dog should already be familiar with the commands: “Place!” And “Lie!”. In the process of learning how to guard things, the dog also develops distrust and anger towards outsiders.
At the first stage of training, the trainer ties the dog, gives her the command “Lie!” And puts the familiar thing in front of her front paws. Then the command “Protect!” Is given and the trainer becomes next to his pet. At this time, the assistant passes several times past the dog, not approaching the guarded thing. In case of aggression on the part of the dog, the trainer stops it with the “Place!” Command, because the dog should not pay attention to the person who is passing by.
When the dog learns not to respond to outsiders, the assistant, passing by, tries to take the protected item by pulling it with his stick to himself. The trainer gives the command "Protect!", Prompting the dog to growl or rush to the assistant. If the pet copes with the task, he is encouraged. When the dog calms down, the action is repeated to consolidate the result.At the same time, the trainer does not allow the dog to chase the assistant, pulling the leash and giving the command “Place!”. To complicate the task, the assistant can use a treat. The dog must not leave the protected object and take food from the wrong hands. The correct behavior of the animal is necessarily encouraged by the trainer.
1.9. BR titles are awarded by the Presidium of the Big Ring and Mondoring Federation upon recommendation of the IES.
2. ORGANIZATION OF THE COMPETITION
2.1. The organizer of the competition.
The organizer of the "Big Ring" competition can be a legal entity whose rights to conduct this type of competition are confirmed by IES. Registration and financing of all economic activities related to the competition is carried out by the Organizer in accordance with the Charter.
2.2. Competition Rules - a document developed on the basis of these
rules, and clarifying:
• nature and system of competitions
• goals, objectives and status of the competition
• dates and venue of the competition
• competition management
• conditions for admission to the competition, application rules
• competition procedure
• summarizing procedure
• award procedure
• security measures.
The rules of the competition is a binding document for both the Organizer and the Refereeing Commission and competition athletes. The provisions of the Rules should be guided in the analysis of complaints and appeals. In case of discrepancies between the Regulations and these Rules, the BR Rules shall prevail.
2.3. Responsibility of the Organizing Committee to the IES:
• The Organizing Committee must promptly send a request to IES for
permission to conduct competitions.
• The organizing committee is obliged to timely notify the IES of the place and time.
competitions and the number of registered
• The organizing committee is obliged to timely form an expert group,
necessary for the competition.
• The organizing committee is obliged to ensure the work of judges, including in
the need for their travel and accommodation.
• The organizing committee must provide (together with an expert board)
report on the conduct of competitions and their results.
2.4. IES Responsibility:
• IES is obliged to respond in a timely manner to the requests of the Organizer and
• Provide the Organizing Committee with all necessary information and
• Provide competitions with standard diplomas as well as marks
differences, if provided for by the relationship of the Organizer and
2.5. Organizing Committee:
To prepare and conduct competitions, the Organizer creates
BR Organizing Committee consisting of:
• Secretary of the competition.
• Commandant of the competition.
• Veterinarian competition.
• Competition physician.
2.6. Chairman of the Organizing Committee:
• Leads the activities of the Organizing Committee.
• Signs all official reports and requests submitted
Organizing Committee at IES.
• Bears all responsibility for conducting competitions in
in accordance with these rules to the extent not applicable
• Reports to the Organizer on all matters of financial and
economic activities related to the competition.
2.7. Commission Secretary:
• Forms and disseminates the "Rules of the competition."
• Carries out registration of athletes of competitions.
• Forms and publishes a catalog of competition athletes.
• Provides registration of diploma documentation.
• Organizes the design and rewarding of winners and prize winners
2.8. Competition Commandant:
• Solves rental issues, supplying competitions with necessary
inventory and supplies.
• Solves issues of placement of athletes and referees.
• Solves athletic safety issues.
2.9. Competition veterinarian:
• Formulates veterinary requirements for participants
• Provides veterinary access to competitions.
• Provides veterinary care if necessary
• In case of veterinary contraindications removes
dog from the competition.
• If necessary, apply to the Chief Justice
on doping control.
2.10. Competition doctor:
• Provides medical admission to the competition.
• Provides emergency medical care.
• Monitors compliance with sanitary conditions.
• If necessary, apply to the Chief Justice
on doping control.
2.11. Members of the Organizing Committee have the right to involve in their work the necessary for them
employees subject to agreement with the Organizer.
2.12. Combination of posts within the Organizing Committee is allowed.
2.13. The doctor and veterinarian must have appropriate
professional knowledge and skills.
2.14. Any athlete who meets the requirements of the Rules and Regulations may be allowed to participate in the competition.
2.15. A competitor must:
• Know and strictly comply with the BR Competition Rules.
• Fulfill the requirements of officials of the Organizing Committee of the BR and the Main
• Closely monitor announcements by the informing judge and
Arrive at the start line on time.
• Skillfully treat the dog, avoid rough exposure and
• Observe generally accepted standards of conduct in relation to
officials of the Organizing Committee of the BR, members of the judging panel,
• Follow the instructions of the representative (captain) of your team.
• Take the necessary measures to ensure the safety of others
trainers and their dogs.
• By decision of the Head Judge to undergo anti-doping control.
2.16. Team - a group of competitors representing
either an organization or established on a voluntary basis. When applying, the team must
indicate your representative (captain).
2.17. Team representative (captain) - a person representing the team in
relationship with the organizer and the panel of judges. Representative
teams can simultaneously be one of the competitors.
2.18. The representative (captain) of the team must:
• Provide operational guidance to the team.
• Participate in draws and meetings.
• Represent the interests of the team before the Organizing Committee and the judges
2.19. Only physically healthy dogs from 18 are allowed to compete.
month up to 8 years old (inclusive), past veterinary control, having
established diplomas in disciplinary and protective services.
Participation in the competition of current, empty and puppy bitches is not allowed.
2.20. During the competition, the dog outside the competition area must
to be on a short leash, or tied. The athlete must have a muzzle for the dog.
3. JUDGE OF COMPETITIONS.
3.1. Refereeing Panel
The panel of judges is formed by IES at the request of the Organizing Committee consisting of:
• Chief Justice
• Deputy Chief Justice
• Chief Secretary
• informing judges
• 3 line judges
• Judges on the start line
• Judges at the participants.
3.2. The presence of assistants in the panel of judges is allowed
interns, substitute judges as members without voting rights.
3.3. The refereeing team, led by the Chief Justice, is guided in its
activities of these Rules and the provisions of the Rules.
Requirements of members of the panel of judges, not related to issues
economic, medical and veterinary plans are
binding on officials of the Organizing Committee,
competitors, team representatives and spectators.
3.4. Members of the panel of judges are required to:
· Be impartial, create a level playing field for all competitors.
· Observe generally accepted standards of conduct in relation to the Organizing Committee, other members of the judging panel, participants and spectators.
· Limit communication with competitors with the scope of these Rules, refrain from advice and comments.
· Observe discipline, unquestioningly comply with the orders of the Chief Justice, his deputy and the Chief Secretary.
3.5. The chief judge of the competition:
· Provides overall guidance to the BBB, judges and their assistants.
· Instructs judges and defendants.
· Draws lots of exercise options and determines the competition program.
· Checks the correctness of preparation for competitions, their support, preparation and layout of sites and zones.
· Signs certificates, diplomas and final documents.
· Controls the correctness of refereeing and determining personal and team results.
· Determines the order of linear judges.
· Draws lots of defendants (the order of their work).
· Checks ammunition (protective jackets, trousers, etc.) of defendants, stacks and protection, worn under jackets.
· Considers submitted applications and protests, and makes decisions on them.
3.6. The head judge has the right:
· Make changes to the competition schedule, postpone and cancel them if they are not ready to conduct them, gross violations during the preparation of the competition, adverse weather conditions.
· Suspend members of the panel of judges and persons involved in judging for bias, gross errors, inappropriate behavior.
· Replace judges.
· To exclude athletes who violate these rules from participating in competitions.
· At the suggestion of the doctor (veterinarian) initiate doping control.
· Has the right to review the assessment of any judge and appoint:
3.7. Deputy Chief Justice - performs certain functions of the Chief Justice, acting on his behalf and on his behalf.
3.8. Chief Secretary:
· Responsible for the documentation of the competition.
· Takes part in the work of the credentials committee.
· Organizes the draw for teams and competitors in the individual competition.
· Prepares summary protocols and determines personal and team competition results.
· Organizes the execution and signing of all the final documents of the competition.
· Prepares and provides all the necessary information about the course and results of the competition.
· Leads and draws up minutes of meetings of the judiciary.
· Accepts and registers the received protests and informs the Chief Justice about them.
3.9. If necessary, technical assistance is provided to the Secretary General.
· Notifies spectators and participants about the progress of the competition.
· Announces preliminary and final exercise results.
· Explains to the audience the features and meaning of each exercise.
· Introduces viewers to competitors.
· Manages the actions of participants in accordance with the Rules of the competition.
3.11. Line judge:
· Evaluates the exercise in accordance with the Rules of the competition.
· The first and second exercises are evaluated by the first line judge.
· The third exercise is judged by a second line judge.
· The fourth exercise is judged by a third line judge.
· The order of work of the line judges is determined by the Chief Judge of the competition.
3.12. Judge at the participants:
· Provides readiness for the start of the next participant.
· Monitors compliance with the Rules of the competition and the order on the start line.
· In accordance with the Competition Rules, it counts down time intervals.
3.14. Judge on the start line:
· Monitors the actions of athletes on the start line in accordance with the Rules of the competition.
· Leads and processes the competition protocol.
· Fills in evaluation sheets.
3.16. IES representative - competition inspector:
· Supervises the conduct of competitions in the spirit and in accordance with these Rules.
Statements, protests and penalties.
3.17. If participants and representatives (captains) of teams have doubts about compliance with these Rules and the Rules of the competition, as well as the correctness of the actions of members of the Organizing Committee and members of the judging panel, the participant or representative (captain) of the team has the right to file a question, protest or appeal.
3.18. When submitting a protest or appeal, a participant or a representative (captain) of a team is obliged to refer to the clause of these Rules or the provision of the Rules, which, in his opinion, has been violated.
3.19. The question of the competition may be addressed to the Chief Justice or his deputy. In the event that the issue cannot be resolved locally, its consideration shall be rejected until a written protest is submitted.
3.20. A protest is submitted in writing no later than one hour after the incident and before the official end of the competition.
3.21. The protest is addressed to the Chief Justice and submitted to the Appeals Commission, which is obliged to set the time and date of receipt of the protest, notify the Chief Justice of the receipt of the protest, and carry out the necessary preparatory work for the investigation of the incident.
3.22. The results of the protest analysis are included in the final protocol of the competition.