If possible, give Gasteria a place with maximum lighting. In nature, it grows on heavily lit slopes and easily tolerates direct sunlight. But at home, it is better to protect the gastery from the sun, shading during the midday summer heat. But even in partial shade it will feel good. But in this case, the probability of flowering Gasteria will decrease. What is remarkable is that this plant grows and develops well under artificial lighting.
In the warm season, it is better not to torture the gasteria indoors, but to bring it to fresh air, protecting it from drafts, the burning sun and heavy rainfall. When kept indoors, it is recommended that the temperature be moderate (optimally + 20-25 degrees). But as practice shows, deviation from these frameworks practically does not affect the well-being of the plant. In winter, Gasteria has a rest period. Therefore, the temperature of the content should be lowered. Recommended no more than +15 degrees. At a higher inflorescence temperature, the plants either dry out or do not develop at all.
In the natural environment, the areas of succulent growth are rocky slopes and valleys of Africa, the Mediterranean, and Central Asia.
Resistance to temperature changes and low maintenance requirements made it a popular indoor floweroften found on window sills.
Often, culture is confused with haworthia and aloe, which are also representatives of asphodelians.
Gasteria has a very shortened stalk, which is covered in two rows of rigid foliage growing in a spiral. Dark green leaf plates of various shapes are decorated with a pattern of various spots or stripes over the entire surface of the fleshy base. Depending on the variety, the leaf surface may be rough or smooth, as well as flat or slightly concave. The length of the sheet with a pointed or rounded top part varies from 4 to 25 cm, while the width does not change.
Succulents bloom when a plant throws an arrow 40-100 cm long after each row of leaf blades. The flower stalk is crowned with a racemose, consisting of yellow, green or orange flowers in the form of amphorae. They bloom, hanging on short legs, in turn, which stretches the flowering period for a month.
The genus Gasteria is within 70 varieties, which is associated with easy natural hybridization between species. At home, no more than 20 species are bred, the cultivation of which even an inexperienced lover of indoor plants can handle.
The most popular types:
- Gasteria Armstrong - a compact plant with thick wrinkled leaves of swamp color, arranged in two rows, reaches a maximum of 10 cm in height. The edges of a sheet plate 6 cm long and 4 cm wide are blunted. During flowering, orange-red flowers bloom.
Gasteria warty - the species has narrow rough plates with pointed ends 20 cm long, strewn with small warts of a white color. Pink or red with green interspersed flowers are located on a long peduncle of 80 cm.
Kasterovaya Gasteria - the plant is distinguished by the arrangement of foliage in a spiral and the presence of a sharp keel on their underside. Almost smooth sheet, with the exception of rough sheet and keel edging, is covered with a few warts.
Gasteria spotted - a species with a short stalk, which is covered with dark green leaves with a spotty pattern. Almost smooth fleshy leaf plate with a slightly convex shape and a narrowed upper part reaches a length of 20 cm. During flowering, intense red flowers bloom.
Gasteria dwarf - The smallest variety, apparently completely repeating the previous look. An adult specimen with dark green leaves that have light spots and a border does not exceed a height of 6 cm. The flowers differ in a pink hue.
Gasteria Batesiana - the rosette of this species consists of dark green leaves 18 cm long, having a triangular-lanceolate shape and a smooth surface with numerous light-colored tubercles. The length of pink-orange flowers can reach 4 cm.
Saber-shaped Gasteria - stemless appearance with green shiny leaves of a convex shape that form a rosette. The length of the wide xiphoid leaf plate with the keel, covered with whitish warts, is 30 cm, and the width is 7 cm. During flowering, the plant throws a 1 m arrow with inflorescences from intense red flowers.
Gasteria bicolor - a large representative of the genus with linguistic leaves up to 30 cm in length has a larger outlet, in comparison with other varieties. The dark green leaf plate is randomly covered with white spots.
Gasteria soddy - a species without a stem, with rows of dark green leaves of a slightly convex shape, which are strewn with small light patches. Flowers come in red or pink.
Gasteria is whitish - stemless variety with intensely green broad leaves of the xiphoid shape, whose length does not exceed 30 cm and a width of 7 cm. Saturated red flowers up to 5 cm form a racemose inflorescence, located on a long arrow of 1 m.
Gasteria marble - view with spirally arranged leaves folding into a socket. Juicy marble sheet plate is painted with silver spots on a glossy green background.
Location selection and lighting
Photophilous plant does not accept direct sunlight. The bright sun causes the loss of patterns on the leaves.
The best choice is to place the pot on the windowsill on the south or west side of the house.
Gasteria care at home
Gasteria develops well and grows in the shade, but in summer it prefers places where there is a lot of light, but direct sunlight does not reach there, especially at the peak of solar activity. For her at this time, eastern or western windows are more suitable. It can grow and develop on the north window, with proper care, but is unlikely to bloom.
In summer, when it’s warm, it can be taken outside, but for this you need to find a suitable place for it, where there are no drafts, precipitation and sunlight. If this is not possible, then the room where the gasteria is located must be regularly ventilated.
Before the start of the autumn-winter period, good artificial lighting should be organized for it, but it is not necessary to shade the flower. For lighting, it is better to use fluorescent lamps located at a distance of 30-50cm from the flower. The duration of light baths can last for 8 hours. At the same time, Gasteria can be kept under artificial lighting, providing it with light for 16 hours.
Watering and humidity
The criterion for the summer need of a flower for watering is the drying of the soil: excessive moisture is detrimental to the plant, as well as prolonged drying. In the winter season, succulents can do completely without moisture.
Succulent is a representative of the desert regions, therefore prefers fairly dry airwithout needing additional spraying. But I would be grateful for a cool shower that allows you to clean the leaves of dust.
Subject to the rules of complex care, a plant can please the owner with flowering.
In the spring or summer, you can observe how about 50 flowers of a unique shape bloom in turn.
Attention! The possibility of flowering is excluded if the Gasteria flower is located on the windows of the northern direction.
For cultivating the plant, any substrate for succulents presented in flower shops is suitable.
If you wish, you can make a soil mixture with your own hands: mix sheet soil, peat and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1.
Succulent fertilizers are applied every two weeks only during the growing season - from May to September. Feeding is carried out by special complex fertilizers for succulents or cacti in half the norm. In the resting phase, the plant does not require additional nutrition.
Despite slow growth, succulent needs an annual transplant into the pot a little wider through transshipment with the preservation of a land lump.
Before transplantation, which is carried out in the spring or summer, children are separated from the maternal specimen.
Gasteria does not need additional measures to maintain the necessary air humidity and calmly, without problems, transfers the microclimate of modern apartments.
From early spring to late autumn, Gasteria needs abundant watering. This is done if the soil in the pot begins to dry out, while you need to be careful and not allow too much, since Gasteria painfully transfers excess moisture. In the autumn-winter period, watering is reduced to a minimum, especially when kept in colder conditions (below + 12 ° C).
Somewhere from May to September, when the plant is actively developing, it needs fertilizing sessions with a frequency of 1 time in 2 weeks. To do this, use complex mineral fertilizers designed for feeding cacti and succulents, while lower concentrations are used. Before the onset of the cold period, when the dormant period of the plant begins, top dressing is canceled.
With proper care, Gasteria can bloom at home, but it never blooms if it is located on the northern windows. Flowers can appear in spring or summer, while they look like an elongated bell of irregular shape, pink or reddish in color, about 2 cm long. These flowers are located on long peduncles up to 1 meter in size. On this peduncle there can be up to 50 pieces of flowers that delight others with their unique shape.
In order to transplant a plant, a substrate should be prepared that has air and moisture permeability characteristics, with pH values 5.5 5.5-7. Such a mixture is prepared from sheet (2 parts) of earth, peat (1 part) and sand (0.5 parts) with the addition of brick granules of various shapes. Great mix for cacti.
Like all other types of indoor ornamental plants, Gasteria needs a regular (after 1-2 years) transplant, which is carried out in the spring or summer. Well-developed plants simply roll over into another, wider pot, while separating the children. In the presence of children, there is always the opportunity to quickly resolve the issue of growing a new plant. At the same time, you should know that gasteria develops better in tight pots. There must be drainage at the bottom of the pot.
The optimal method of breeding gasteria is the vegetative method - separation of children or cuttings. The cut stalk, like the detached daughter outlet, is dried and placed in the ground.
An experienced florist, if he has succeeded in flowering, can try to use the seed propagation method, for which you first need to manipulate for pollination: shake the plant so that the pollen settles on the stigmas of flowers. After 2-3 months, when the seeds ripen, they perform the following actions:
- sown on well-moistened soil,
- covered with plastic wrap
- organize regular airing,
- as it dries, moisten the soil with a spray gun,
- after growing seedlings dive into pots.
Possible problems and illnesses
Succulent Gasteria has a non-capricious character, and there are practically no problem situations during its cultivation. Possible difficulties due to excess moisture:
- acidification of the soil, leading to root rot and bacterial infections,
- softness, lethargy and pallor of leaves,
Diseases and Pests
With proper care and appropriate conditions, there may be no problems in growing Gasteria. As a rule, problems appear when the recommendations for its cultivation are violated.
Due to excessive watering, acidification of the soil is possible, which can certainly lead to rotting of the root system and other fungal diseases, and bacterial infections. With excess moisture, the leaves lose their color and become less elastic.
The appearance of soft brown spots on the leaves of the plant indicates a bacterial lesion of the flower.
With a lack of moisture in the summer, the color of the leaves changes on the leaves of the plant: they become pale, while they have a non-decorative look.
Gasteria can be damaged by pests such as mealybug, scale insects, aphids, etc.
The difference between Gasteria and Haworthia
Easiest these plants distinguish during flowering. Gasteria flower petals are fully fused - tubular. The haworia has a well-defined bent segment of the upper part of the petal, fused to half. Also, the young plant of Gasteria is distinguished by oppositely arranged leaves and large sizes, in comparison with the most miniature succulent - haworthia.
This video details the differences between the three types of asphodel succulents - aloe, haworthia and nasteria:
So, Gasteria is not only an exotic flower, which, with minimal care, will delight the owner with a spectacular fan of leaves, but also a powerful amulet - this is what the signs say. And after the plant is in the bedroom, the owner will discover its useful properties, which include the ability enrich the room with a lot of oxygen in nighttime.
This is a stemless perennial with leaves collected in a socket located directly at the root system, which has many daughter sockets. Leaves can grow up to 20 cm long, elongated linguistic form, covered with small white warts. At the end of each leaf there is a hard point, which smoothly passes into a sheet of language form.
In the sinus of one of the upper leaves, an inflorescence of a racemose form is formed with a height of 40 to 80 cm. The flowers themselves are not large, about 2-2.5 cm in length, and growing, as if hanging down. At the same time, they have a cylindrical perianth, which does not have a large swelling at the base, pink or red, the end of the lobes has a greenish color.
It has a small stalk, up to 30 cm long, strewn with smooth, trihedral shape, leaves, 16 to 20 cm long and about 4-5 cm wide, at the top of which there is a cartilaginous spike. On the surface of the leaves there are faint spots of various shapes with an abstract arrangement. The leaves on the stem have a two-row arrangement, with the transition to a spiral. They have a dense structure or slightly convex shape. The flowers are collected in a compact brush and have a funnel-shaped bright red hue with a green border along the contour.
Stemless succulent with spirally arranged leaves with a sharp oblique keel on the underside. The lanceolate leaves of this plant are 12-15 cm long and 5-7 cm wide.At the same time they have a dirty green color with white dots located on the surface, on the edges and on the keel of which you can see a rough-warty coating.
Gasteria is tiny
This is a miniature stemless perennial with many shoots coming from the base. Lanceolate leaves, dark green in color, grow in length from 3.5 to 6 cm and have a glossy surface with white spots. The socket can have a size of up to 10cm in diameter. Shoots grow at the base of the outlet. Peduncle can reach a height of 30cm. The flowers have an attractive shape up to 1.5 cm long, green above and pink below.
The leaves of this stemless succulent plant grow from a large outlet. The lower, widely xiphoid leaves, up to 30 cm long and up to 7 cm wide, are ribbon-shaped. The surface of the leaves has a glossy green base with large dots. The peduncle has a length of up to 1 meter, on which there are bright red, curved flowers up to 5 cm in length.
A unique plant of very small size, with thick hard leaves of an irregular shape about 3 cm long. At the ends of the leaves there are dull, rounded wrinkles, the surface of which is covered with small warts. The plant is also unique in that young plants first grow strictly upward, and then gradually take a horizontal position parallel to the previous, older leaves. This type of Gasteria blooms very quickly with small flowers, rarely located on the peduncle.
Herbaceous perennial up to 30 cm high with tongue-shaped leaves having uneven ribs. The length of such leaves can be in the range of 15-20 cm, and their width is 4-5 cm. Leaves have a vertical but oblique direction. The color of the leaves is dark green, while the leaves have large white spots located on both sides of the leaf. This species has a more developed leaf rosette than other species.
It is a stemless succulent with leaves arranged in transverse rows 10-14 cm long and up to 2 cm wide. The leaves are dark green in color, slightly convex in shape and have greenish-white spots scattered across the entire surface. This type of Gasteria blooms with red or pink flowers, about 2 cm in size.
Gasteria is whitish
The plant has no stem, while the leaves are formed in a large outlet and have a xiphoid shape. The length of the leaves can reach 30 cm with a width of about 7 cm. The flower produces a peduncle up to 1 meter high, which has a weak branching. Flowers appear on the peduncle, bright red in color and curved.
Succulent rosette plant with a two-row arrangement of leaves. The length of the leaves can reach up to 20cm with a width of 3-4cm. At the tips of the leaves there are sharp spikes, 2-3 mm long. On the surface of the leaves there are light green spots that have a kind of elongation and which have a parallel arrangement. The edges of the leaves have a cartilaginous-toothed shape, with a light tint.
1. Seven secrets of success:
Botanical name: Gasteria
Gasteria plant - family . Liliaceae.
Origin . South Africa.
Description . The genus Gasteria consists of about 80 species of perennial neat compact succulents with thick fleshy, stiff, spotty leaves and tubular flowers. Gasterias are often grown as houseplants due to their unpretentiousness. The leaves are basal, or arranged in two rows on a short reduced stem in young plants and form a spiral rosette in adults. Leaf blades can be dark green (almost black) in color, gray or mottled, less often, striped or plain, sometimes with a pink tint. How Gasteria Blooms. In spring, thin peduncles appear, bearing hanging flowers along the entire length of pink, scarlet with yellow-green tips.
Height . Depending on the type, 30 - 80 cm.
This plant develops rather slowly, and does not like too spacious pots, preferring close dishes to them. Despite this, it is recommended that the land be renewed once a year or two.
Tip. Do not injure the roots of the plant, clearing them from the ground during transplantation. Simply transfer the Gasteria to another pot and add fresh soil.
For transplanting, cactus soil is ideal. But if desired and possible it can be prepared independently. The main condition is that the soil must pass air and moisture well, not allowing it to stagnate. It is being prepared on the basis of leaf (forest) land. Its two parts are mixed with one part of peat and half part of sand. You also need to add a little fine brick chips. Be sure to create a quality drainage layer in the pot.
It comes in the spring or summer. But in order for Gasteria to bloom, recommendations on illumination and temperature conditions must be implemented. With a lack of lighting and a warm winter, flowering of Gasteria is unlikely. It blooms quite original, throwing out a long, often meter-long peduncle. A lot of pink or reddish "bells" of bizarre shape bloom on it. If you shake the pot with the plant during flowering, self-pollination will occur and seeds will form. When keeping Gasteria on the street, it is also pollinated by insects.
2.3 Soil for growing
Well-drained, sandy soil. Like many succulents, Gasteria grows best in soil with a large amount of coarse sand or other mineral material that perfectly passes air. Soils with a lot of peat, fine sand or organics will contribute to the decay of plants.