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23 types and varieties of Indian canna with description and characteristics


A wonderful plant is Indian Canna. These beauty flowers can be compared with irises. These are quite large plants with very spectacular bluish-green leaves, tall (up to 150 cm) stems, large inflorescences and a powerful root system. If the representative of the flora rises almost to the height of human growth and has interesting inflorescences, you know - this is canna. These flowers have many colors.

Probably there is no more unpretentious representative of the flora than canna. These flowers, however, do not tolerate cold very well. When frost occurs, shoots must be spudded with earth to protect the roots from frost. For the winter it is better to dig them out altogether. Before that, the stems are shortened to 15 cm. The roots with clods of earth are dried in a well-ventilated place and put “on rest” in a dry cellar, where the temperature is about 6 degrees. If the lump of earth collapses, the root will dry out. Rhizomes can also be stored in containers with soil. Once a month they need to be checked. In autumn, plants can be dug up and transplanted into a living room. Then they will delight the eye with flowering longer. In March-April, the roots are placed in a warm place so that the buds sprouted (you can plant it without it). After that, they are cut into large pieces with one or three kidneys. One plant is perfectly divided into several parts. Sections must be sprinkled with ash, charcoal or treated with a solution of potassium permanganate, and then dried. Then the parts are placed in a container with sand and well moistened. After about a week, they will eject the kidneys and roots will appear. It is necessary to regularly remove faded inflorescences. Cannes are very water-loving, so they need regular watering. In late summer, its volume is sharply reduced.

The main feature is that the Indian canna is extremely disliked by the cold. These flowers are heat-loving, so they plant them in protected from the cold wind, warm and sunny places. A poorly selected landing zone can greatly delay their development. They prefer the soil nutritious and loose, although they can grow on any. The plant is planted in a hole. Its initial depth should be about half a meter. About 20 cm of horse manure is laid at the bottom of the recess, and about 20 cm of soil is poured on top. Then put the bush there. This technique allows the plant to grow rapidly, bloom very early and luxuriously. The distance between these representatives of the flora should be at least half a meter.

Indian canna can be propagated not only by rhizome division, but also by seed. They are allowed to germinate, for which they are subjected to scarification (mechanical damage to the membrane). For this purpose, they are kept in the cold for about 2 hours, then doused with boiling water and sown to a depth of 1.5 cm. These representatives of the flora usually bloom in August. Canna can also be propagated using seedlings. By the month of June, she can throw out the flower arrows. A huge plus is that the survival rate of seedlings of this representative of the flora is almost one hundred percent. The transplant is easily tolerated by plants. Seedlings are made as follows. In February, seeds are sown in special boxes. After about a month, the first shoots appear. Prior to this, the room temperature should not be lower than 22 degrees. When 3-4 leaflets appeared on the sprouts, they are transplanted into small pots. And in May, seedlings are planted in the ground.

The main types

There are common subspecies of the Indian canna.

  1. Dwarf varieties. They grow up to 60 cm upwards, give flowers of pale pinkish, yellow-red, saturated scarlet tones.
  2. Medium Varieties. The bushes reach a height of 80 to 120 cm. A variety of colors reigns among the flowers, from a blood-red tint to pinkish with an orange undertone.
  3. High grades. Plants grow up to 150 cm up. These include saturated red flowers, yellow, snow-white inflorescences with emerald foliage.

Each of the species will create a romantic, invigorating atmosphere in the garden.

Small flowered

Small-flowered plants are bushes with a height of 1.5 to 3 meters up. The buds are small, petals 6 cm high. They are narrow, and the leaves are large, green or purple. Cannes usually grow in nature, rarely planted in the garden. A vivid representative of the subspecies is the Durban variety, with orange foliage in pinkish-yellow-green stripes. It is widely used in site design.

The species grows up to 2 meters, covered with green or purple foliage. The buds are large, up to 17.5 cm wide, similar to orchids. They consist of wide petals with a wavy border. Orchid cannons are found in lemon color, yellow in red speck, orange with red stripes of color.

Cannes of the Variety Crozi are large-flowered plants with saturated orange inflorescences, red-crimson leaves. Representatives of this group are also found with small flowers, large green or purple-emerald leaves.

Richard Wallace

Flowers grow up to 1 meter up, is in demand among gardeners in landscape design. Inflorescences are yellow in tone with red dots, stripes, randomly scattered throughout the petal surface. Their length is about 25 cm. Pollen falls on the first days of June.

The variety is famous for its average size, plants grow up to 1 meter up. The flowers are yellowish-cream, with brown-red spots. The original, colorful "design" of the buds explains the name of the variety. It is widely grown for sale, make up unique compositions with a flower.

The bush grows up to 1.-1.5 meters, it is an ornamental plant. Pollen falls on the entire spring-summer period. In spring and November, brown leaves, and from June to September, the culture gives unusually bright flowers. The diameter of the inflorescences is about 12 cm. The petals are bright orange, along with darkish strokes.

Low cannons grow up to 1.4 meters up. Their homeland is China. Foliage oval elongated, bright green color, up to 50 cm in length. Inflorescences up to 10 cm in diameter, red-orange.

A popular variety of Indian Cannes is valued by summer residents for its unusual, colorful coloring of inflorescences and leaves. The bush grows densely, the height of the stems is about 90 cm. Blossom in early July, bloom until November. Half of the flowers are scarlet, the rest are yellow with red spots.

The leaves of the Indian canna are similar to irises, bluish-green leaves up to 150 cm high. The inflorescences are large, their color is mainly coral, warm in tone. A powerful rhizome allows the culture to avoid diseases and beetle attacks.

Bushes grow up to 1.5 meters up. The leaves are long, oval green or dark purple. The color scheme varies from bright scarlet to snow white.

Yellow hambet

A medium-tall plant that grows to 120 cm. The leaves are green, wide, tapering to the ends. Petals are medium in size, up to 10 cm high. The color is yellow, closer to the lemon shade. In the middle of the inflorescence, dense red dots are localized.

The subspecies is two-tone, small in size. The hybrid variety grows up to 50-80 cm up. The leaves are green, wide, with wavy edges. The buds are deep red in color, with a wide and uneven rim of yellow. Their height is 12 cm, pollen falls in the middle of summer and until the first frosts. With the autumn transplant of Cannes Lucifer from the garden into a pot, it will bloom for a year in the home. Another culture is widely planted in ponds.

Plants can often be found under the name Dwarf Lucifer. This is one and the same species, but of a different "caliber." The difference lies only in the width of the border of the petals.

The bush grows to 1.3 meters in height. The leaves are leathery, lanceolate, large in size, dark green in color. Louis Cayo Cannes inflorescences are reddish-orange with a yellow border. Pollen falls throughout the summer.


The Rosencranzen variety is a bush up to 1.3 meters high. The leaves are emerald, wide, long. The buds grow with a diameter of 13 * 13 cm in orange with a yellow border.

Lucica variety grows up to 70 cm in height, it is a dwarf bush. Inflorescences are small, 8 * 8 cm. Their color is bright yellow, with red spots. Leaves are green, small in size, with a smooth surface.

Kanna Discolor

Inflorescences are red, small, 3 cm wide, up to 5 cm long. A plant with unusually huge cherry-purple leaves. Kanna Diskolor blooms in mid-June, pollen continues until the first cold weather. The variety grows to 100 cm in height.

The Maestro canna variety grows up to 140 cm up, the bush is famous for light emerald, wide leaves with a pointed edge. The size of the buds is from 11 to 12 cm, the color is rich pink, raspberry. The border of the petals is yellowish, thin.

A kind of canna with green-gray, wide leaves. The bush grows to 1.5 meters tall. Inflorescences are 9 cm wide and 11 cm long in bright yellow tones. The color is homogeneous, without additional elements.

A variety of Chisinau differs in the original coloring of inflorescences. The basic color is scarlet, yellow borders the edges, veins, along the plane of the petal. The flower grows up to 10 cm in diameter, and the bush is 1.3 meters tall. Leaves are green, dense, wide. The stem is purple, thick.

Faye Bird's Cannes variety is famous for its luxurious, dark purple leaves and rich orange buds. They grow up to 9 cm wide and 16 cm long. The bush reaches a height of up to 1.2 meters.

Black knight

This is one of the most luxurious varieties of Cannes, it will become an unsurpassed decoration of any garden. Inflorescences are striking due to the unusual color, their diameter is 12 cm. The foliage is dark crimson, large, oval and stiff. On the stems, the hue turns into a brown tone. Pollen falls on the first of July, ends in September. The bush reaches 1 meter up. The variety is characterized by good resistance to bad weather.

Cannes of the Harmony variety are famous for inflorescences of bright yellow, pinkish and scarlet hue 13 cm in diameter. Sometimes there is a speckled pattern on them. Leaves with a smooth surface, green, purple. The bush grows to 1 meter tall.

Cherry Red is a medium-tall bush up to 40 cm high. Large-sized leaves, pointed to the end. Inflorescences are dark red, with a diameter of 12 cm. Pollen occurs in mid-July, lasts until September. The hue of flowers varies from deep red to crimson.

Using Cannes in the Garden

Kanna Indian loves open sunny places. Depending on the height, this flower can be used for a rabatka and hedge, as a fast-growing plant. Cannes will decorate any flower bed and look great like a border plant. At the pond or in the tub on the terrace - the main thing is to choose the appropriate height and variety of flowers for these purposes.

Dwarf cannons are usually grown as a tub plant. Group plantings of any type of cannon in the flowerbed will give a bright accent in any combination with other colors. Medium and tall cannons are planted on workplaces with grassy perennials. They will be magnificent in the background. And planted in rows along the rabatka against the background of grassy perennials, they will create a semblance of colored contrasting ribbons.

High varieties of Indian cannas look like a real hedge. Tall stems with dense glossy foliage crowned with bright inflorescences will hide the nook of your garden from prying eyes.

Partners for Cannes in Group Landings

Here you can rely entirely on your imagination and taste. For example, cannes blooming in yellow and red look elegantly in composition with a purple tree heliotrope. The red cannon varieties will be "to face" marigold erect or full-leaf calceolaria. The expressiveness of the yellow cannes will be emphasized by the scarlet path from the ever-flowering begonias, the red Sylvia or the blue Houston ageratum.

Tips: landing and care

In mid-March, preparations are beginning to germinate the rhizomes of Indian canna. The tubers are placed in pots half filled with earth. Top up the soil and put the pots in a bright place. Watering begins after the appearance of sprouts. After a month, the plants begin to harden, taking the pots out into the street in the daytime.

In mid-May, Cannes are planted in open ground. The earth should be loose, permeable and well-fertilized with compost. Water regularly and feed plants twice a month. When the first flowering takes place, the main shoot is shortened by 20 cm. This allows the appearance of side shoots with new flowers.

When aphids appear on the leaves of the canna, it is advisable to apply spraying with a solution of liquid soap mixed with alcohol (200 ml of liquid soap, 500 ml of alcohol in 10 liters of water).

In autumn, with the onset of frost, the stems are pruned and dug rhizomes. Tubers are brought into the house and allowed to dry for several days. Then they are freed from the ground and put in a dark, dry place (t + 10oC) until next spring.

Indian Canna, due to its strict and lush beauty, is able to become a worthy decoration of the garden and home. And vivid compositions with her participation will add an inimitable style to the familiar country landscape.

We wish you successful experiments and prosperity for your garden!