Thai Ridgeback is a national treasure of the country and a pearl that stands out among other dog breeds. It is difficult to go past this handsome handsome man and not look after him with admiration.
- Thai Ridgebacks are famous for their independent and stubborn character, which can only be tamed by love and unlimited patience.
- Dogs cannot stand loneliness and prefer to take an active part in the life of their family.
- From the "Thai" can be a good watchman, but you do not need to expect from him a zealous guard of the territory.
- Ridgebacks manage to get along with most domestic animals, except for decorative rodents and birds.
- Representatives of the breed are patient with children and rarely show aggression towards them.
- Thai Ridgebacks need regular physical activity, but do not require a walk at a strictly set time.
- Despite the quick wits, the Thais are difficult to train because of their wayward behavior.
- Pets are not suitable for beginner dog breeders.
Thai ridgeback - one of the oldest and rarest breeds. It’s a coincidence to see such an amazing dog on the street - luck out of the ordinary. These animals are rarely found outside their homeland, but because of this they are only more valued by dog breeders around the world. The character of its representatives attaches no less importance to the breed: strong, fearless and unconditionally loyal. Thai Ridgebacks cannot imagine life without two things: long walks and communication with the owner. It follows that the dog is easy to please, just going with her for a walk in the city park and allowing plenty of legs to stretch in pursuit of the ball or frisbee.
For how many millennia the history of the ridgeback breed has been calculated, it is rather difficult to say, according to the generally accepted version, dogs with ridges on their backs (ridge) have existed for more than 3000 years. It is possible that indigenous dogs, which can be counted among the ancestors of the ridgebacks, lived before, but there is no scientific evidence to support this version. A similar uncertainty exists in determining the breed’s homeland. Officially, the main abode of the breed group was mainland and island Thailand, but it is possible that the ridgebacks lived in Indonesia. Most likely the dog of the Thai Ridgeback breed came from an uncontrolled incest of wild Dingo and the native canine population. Dingoes, in turn, are descendants of wolves that lived in Asia. In an analogy to modern times, Ridgebacks would be considered a semi-wild cross between mongrels.
It is interesting! The main concentration of ancestors of Thai Ridgebacks was observed in the east of the coastal zone of Thailand, and the dogs got to the islands, traveling with fishermen and traders.
Climatic conditions forced the animals living on the islands to "get rid" of fur and heavy physique. Generation after generation, nature “mowed” individuals unsuitable for survival. The final type of Thai curs is quite similar to the description of the breed of the modern ridgeback, naturally, if we omit the nuances regarding the uniformity of colors and dimensions. At what stage the incest with Dingo occurred, the story is silent, but a similar morphology (the science of the structure and form) of dogs is obvious. By the way, the remains of dogs similar to Dingo were found both in Vietnam and in Thailand. According to archaeological research, dinghy canids (commonly called wolves) lived in the above territories for 5–5.5 thousand years BC.
It is interesting! The world community recognizes the wild roots of the Thai Ridgeback, as the breed belongs to the indigenous (naturally occurring) group of FCI.
Traveling by sea, half-wild dogs with a fierce, but loyal owner disposition came to Phu Quốc island, located in the Gulf of Thailand (Vietnam). The limited and small area of the territory led to forced inbreeding, that is, closely related mating among dogs. Thus, in an absolutely natural, albeit slightly unnatural way, the islanders acquired a universal working breed.
It is interesting! Historians argue that unlike Dingo, who lived in the western part of the land, wolf-like dogs in the East were domesticated and mated under human control before our era.
The indisputable fact of selection is confirmed both by the ancient finds of archaeologists, and written references that captured the ridgebacks during the initial progress. It is known that the aboriginal ancestors of the breed had a rather serious temper, that is, they could be dangerous for people, most likely for their owners. Against this background, it is described that this incredibly strong, agile, attentive and hardy dog was so faithful that, having caught the game on its own, it always brought its owner. The selection of manufacturers allowed us to reduce the risks of aggression and improve the working qualities of ridgebacks. Judging by the cave paintings and frescoes, even in those days when writing was not developed, tetrapods were used as hunters, shepherds, guards, and draft animals.
It is interesting! The ancient Dingo, who are close ancestors of the Thai Ridgeback, to one degree or another, are considered the ancestors of at least half of the breeds known today.
And they would live the Ridgebacks happily ever after, would lead their ordinary courtyard lifestyle if not for ... progress. In the 19th century, the island of Phu Quoc (Phu Quoc) was liked by the colonialists, and travelers and traders from Europe followed them. Arriving on the islands, lovers of tetrapods, already “savvy” in the basics of cynology, found dogs with a ridge. It is rather difficult not to notice a strip of hair growing in the opposite direction along the entire back. Obvious conclusions caught dog connoisseurs by surprise, for everyone who met Thai Ridgebacks, it was obvious that there were no similar breeds in Europe.
Now you have a very logical question: why are Ridgebacks called Thai and not Vietnamese? On the back of all representatives of the breed there is a ridge formed as a result of gene mutations. There is a theory that the wider and longer the comb of hair in a dog, the more generations of Ridgebacks are “inscribed” in its pedigree. In addition, according to this theory, the number of "crowns" of the ridge also indicates a multi-stage origin. Having studied dogs in the territories of Thailand and Vietnam, scientists concluded that Thai Ridgebacks are older, their ridge affects not only the back, but also the sides. The number of Thai Ridgeback crowns reaches 16, while for dogs from Vietnam, the crest is only on the back, and the crowns are at most 10.
Note! Thai ridgeback is often called Phu-kuok (by the name of the island), which in fact is incorrect. Phu Quoc dogs are lower, more compact and younger than the Thai, although they are representatives of the same breed group.
The initial recognition of the breed occurred at the level of Thailand and Japan, but world experts were not in a hurry with conclusions. Incredibly, almost 5,000 dogs were added to the breed pedigree in less than a year. In the stock of the breed, a noticeable exterior difference was observed. Fortunately, nature made the “half of the plan” on the way to world recognition; all dogs had a breed-determining factor - Ridge. In 1993, FCI (International Dog Training Organization) officially recognized the Thai Ridgeback and its breed standard.
It is interesting! Despite worldwide recognition, Thai ridgeback puppies remain rare to this day. People are intimidated by the close relationship of the Thais with wild dogs. The breed is surrounded by horror and speculation, in fact, the ridgeback is a guard, even a family dog with hunting qualities and needs an experienced owner.
Thai Ridgeback breed history
Four-legged inhabitants of eastern Thailand are among the original breeds, the development of which occurred without the intervention of breeders, according to the laws of natural selection. The history of Ridgebacks began about 3-4 thousand years ago - it was with this period of time that the first mention of the breed dates back. They are represented by ancient drawings of Thailand and Cambodia, where similar dogs are imprinted - supposedly the ancestors of Thai Ridgebacks. They can be recognized by the erect ears and the crescent shape of the tail. In some places, on the backs of animals, a characteristic ridge is also visible (a comb made of wool).
The ancestors of the "Thais" found their place in written sources. The Ayutsky manuscript, dating from the first half of the 17th century, mentions dogs that have a lot of similarities with modern ridgebacks. More accurate "evidence" that would help trace the history of the breed is missing, so the origin of these dogs is a mystery with seven seals. Most breeders hold the following version: Thai Ridgebacks are the result of a union of Aboriginal dogs and wild dingoes.
A share of uncertainty is inherent in the homeland of animals. Officially, the island and mainland Thailand is considered the distribution area of Ridgebacks, but Indonesia is increasingly called the possible habitat of the first representatives of the breed.
In some ways, dogs belong to mongrels, if you put a common sense in this word. During the history of their existence, Thai Ridgebacks did not interbreed with other breeds and appeared in the wild. The hot climate of the country forced the animals to get rid of their massive physique and thick coat. Each generation of Thai curs has become more and more similar to modern breed representatives.
The insignificant distribution area of the dogs caused forced inbreeding - mating of closely related individuals. Unsuitable for survival animals died, giving way to strong and hardy brethren. Then they were paid attention by local residents who needed universal working dogs for hunting and property protection.
The first attempts to tame wild animals began. Like all four-legged aborigines, the ancestors of the Thai Ridgebacks were distinguished by their freedom-loving and independent disposition. For this reason, animals were dangerous even to their owners, not to mention strangers. However, attempts to domesticate wild dogs did not stop. Ridgebacks were appreciated for quick wit and dexterity. These qualities allowed Thais to use animals as shepherds and draft power.
Ridgebacks were also no less useful on the hunt. Dogs accompanied the natives in the stalking of deer, tapirs, large boars, and even birds. The lightning reaction of animals made them indispensable companions of hunters. The courage with which the dogs could throw themselves at dangerous snakes and thereby save the owner from death was also useful.
The symbiosis of people and Thai Ridgebacks lasted until the 19th century. Along with technological progress, colonizers came to the lands of the island of Phu Quoc (Phu Quoc), who liked the charming and unusual dogs. Ridgebacks also caused a similar reaction among European merchants who traded with Thai Aborigines. The rumor about a possibly new breed reached the leading dog handlers of that time. Having organized an expedition to Thailand, the dog breeders were amazed: they faced a previously unknown variety of dogs!
It was impossible not to notice a characteristic feature - a crest growing along the spine. Among the well-known breeds, there were no similar dogs, so the dog handlers decided to popularize the discovered animals.
Among the first countries to officially recognize Thai Ridgebacks were Thailand and Japan (1989 and 1990, respectively). Other states did not rush to hasty conclusions about the uniqueness of dogs. Only three years later, the international cynological organization FCI registered a new breed and approved its standard. At that time, the Ridgeback pedigree books totaled more than five thousand dogs.
Although two decades have passed since then, the Thais are still one of the least numerous breeds. Thai Ridgebacks are bred not only in their historical homeland, but also in America, as well as in countries of Europe and Asia.
Character and training
Extravagant appearance, this is not the last "stumbling block" of the wild roots of the "Thais." The nature of Thai Ridgebacks is the true strength and weakness of the breed. Four-legged with an ancient and complex history are distinguished by a serious, persistent and rather stubborn disposition. Ridgeback is almost impossible to “break”, and if it succeeds, then the dog’s psyche will be irretrievably damaged. Such a serious breed should not be considered as a pet for children or inexperienced owners, never and under no circumstances. Also, you should refrain from buying a dog if there are small children or people in the family who cannot communicate with dogs.
Important! Thai Ridgebacks are not a threat to children, since true aggression towards a small "member of the pack" is impossible. However, raising a puppy will take too much time, which is physically impossible to allocate, raising a baby 1–5 years old.
Ideally, an intensive puppy upbringing should start from 1–1.5 months of age, but dogs are put up for purchase at the age of 3 months, so at least 90 days of your ward’s life history you will miss. On acclimatization in the new house, the tailed man is given a day, after, no concessions. The owner must be steadfast, but not cruel, diplomatic skills, but not passivity. Maintaining a balance is extremely difficult, and with any difficulties, you should immediately contact professionals.
Note! Even an adult ridgeback is constantly testing the wearer for strength. This phenomenon has nothing to do with dislike or disrespect, but rather with the wrathful way of thinking of the ward.
The characteristics of the breed describe the ridgeback as certainly the right breed, but the consequence follows this axiom. In the upbringing of the ward it is worth taking an indestructible position - the dog is always right, and the problems that occurred during the upbringing are connected with your inability to find an approach. This is a rather difficult position even in theory; living with it every day is even more difficult. Ridgebacks are quite arrogant, and also prone to begging at the “gene” level. From the first days of life in a new house, it is worth letting the ward understand that you have the right to superiority in eating, without claims to your “piece” on the caudate side. Remember that even a one-time treat from the table will turn into constant and very intrusive begging.
Important! The ritual of begging, in the eyes of the dog, is far from asking for a handout, but defending the leadership position in the pack ... the leader always eats first! Ridgebacks should never be punished for begging, as such behavior is considered the norm for the breed. If you already made a mistake, you will have to reconcile or completely deny the ward the entrance to the food intake area.
Thai Ridgeback training is the study of basic teams taking into account the tendencies of the breed, but the main task is to train the ward to self-control and endurance. Thais cannot be called impulsive if the puppy is in society from an early age and learns to resolve conflicts without fights (or passivity / cowardice).
Important! Never encourage Ridgeback aggression, no matter who it is directed at. Even if the pet has protected you from real danger, your gratitude should be restrained.
Maintenance and care
The dog’s short coat and lack of undercoat presupposes keeping only in the dwelling. In addition, in the cold season, the pet will need warm clothes and hardening.Too strong custody can lead to an aggravation of the tendency to colds, so it is important to adhere to the middle ground. Living in an apartment does not dull the highly developed instinct of guarding the territory, which leads to constant barking under the door. There are special methods for weaning a dog from barking in an apartment, but with a Thai Ridgeback, they may not work, because it is not about incorrect behavior, but about instincts. By the way, the ridgeback barking is quite loud and sonorous. It is acceptable for a Thai to live in a house with a plot if the dog is provided with free entrance to the house. However, there is a nuance, these dogs jump well and high, which suggests a high, strong fence.
The development and maintenance of the physical form of a ridgeback is a vital aspect of care. The breed needs long, serious, but controlled loads. The exhibition photos of the dogs are shocked by the sealed power, but the faces of these animals are months and years of training, intensive work of the owner and the four-legged. Ridgebacks do an excellent job with competitive sports, such as agility. Jogging near a bicycle or even in a team will not interfere.
Thai Ridgeback is a breed that does not tolerate dampness and dirt, is characterized by cleanliness and increased attention to itself. Even in slushy weather, you only have to wash your paws and dogs, because the pet will do everything not to get dirty on the street. The breed has no problems with salivation or profuse shedding, but there is a specific skin odor, or rather, skin secretions. However, it is not recommended to fight with the smell by bathing, the ridgeback should be washed no more than 1 time in 1-2 months. The rest of the time, the coat and skin of the animal should be cleaned with a rubberized massage brush dipped in water.
Eye and ear care routine, standard - clean as needed and inspect daily. The teeth do not need to be cleaned if the dog has the right diet and there are no problems with the digestive tract. Ridgeback claws are quite solid, so with gentle loads, there may be a need for their shearing. It is worthwhile to study in advance how to properly cut the nails of dogs and obtain suitable claws or seek the help of a veterinarian.
Last on the list, but the first in relevance is the issue of balanced dog nutrition. Given the sensitivity of the digestive tract, to feed the Thai Ridgeback with new products, is by analogy with young children. For example, we decided to introduce raw potatoes into the pet’s diet, you need to start with the volume of a teaspoon and monitor the reaction of the animal’s body. However, everything is so complicated only in theory, in fact, there are not many products in the dog’s diet so that intestinal sensitivity becomes a real problem. If you do not want to experiment and spend time preparing natural food for the dog, you always have an alternative - high-quality industrial feed. According to the reviews of the owners, the Thais are perfectly adapted to both "drying" and canned foods.
Important! Be careful when calculating the daily feed rate, because Thai Ridgeback needs a diet rich in calories and proteins, but not carbohydrates.
Thai ridgeback belongs to the oldest, native breeds, the average life expectancy of these dogs ranges from 12–13 years, which is considered a normal indicator for the canine family. Due to the long and exclusively natural selection, the breed has maintained good health, the diseases typical of the ridgeback are associated with the specifics of its structure. Although it’s worth mentioning that over the years of “exterior breeding”, two hereditary diseases were also included in the gene pool of these dogs:
- Hip Dysplasia - a hereditary age-related disease leading to the destruction of the articular cavity, and after the head of the hip joint itself. It can develop asymmetrically, but more often affects both sides of the pelvis. Given the genetic predisposition, it is recommended that the future owner familiarize himself with the manufacturers' medical records, regularly (at least once every six months) visit the veterinary clinic for a routine examination and introduce vitamins with chondroprotectors into the pet’s diet.
- Dermoid sinus - pathology to which the breed has a genetic tendency. The sinus is a “tunnel” that runs from the surface of the skin (with exit to the outside) to the soft or bone tissues. The diameter and depth of penetration of the sinus, individual indicators. The inner surface of the tube is covered with skin, in which there are hair follicles and sebaceous glands. The main danger of the dermoid sinus is a chronic inflammatory process caused by sebum and dust entering the “tunnel”. In addition, there is a high risk of wool ingrowth into the skin. Usually, the pathology is diagnosed in adult dogs, as the puppy's skin is more elastic and free. The sinus is removed surgically.
- Dermatitis of various etiologies - more common in dogs with velor hair. With quality care and a reasonable attitude to swimming, the risks are minimal. Usually, if a dog is less likely to care for hair and skin, the disease develops from the stages of itching and dandruff, turning into eczema.
- Digestion problems - There can be two possible reasons: poor nutrition or upbringing (if the dog picks up food waste from the ground). Given the natural cleanliness and instincts of the dog, the second reason can be ruled out.
- The tendency to hypothermia and colds - a breed that originated in a humid and hot climate is not adapted to harsh winters and rainy autumn months. The risk of a cold is not a reason for panic, on the contrary, the owner should pay attention to the gradual hardening of the animal. Another caveat that you should pay attention to is the humidity in the home (especially in winter, when heating works).
Thai Ridgeback Appearance
Thai Ridgeback is a large dog. The geographical isolation of the country and, as a consequence, the impossibility of incest with other breeds led to a logical result. These animals managed to maintain their original appearance without drastic changes. The proportions of the ridgeback's strong body are slightly wrong: the height of the animal at the withers is less than the length of its body (ratio - 10:11). The muscles are developed.
The breed standard determines the growth of bitches and males: 51-56 and 56-61 cm. The exact parameters for the weight of the dogs are not indicated, but it should be proportional to the height at the withers: about 23-34 kg for males and 16-25 kg for females.
Head and skull
The shape of the head of a Thai ridgeback is classified as a wolf type. When viewed from the side of the animal, a sloping forehead line is visible. Periodically, small skin folds appear on it when the ridgeback is alert or interested. The skull is rounded, flattened in the area between the ears. Its length and front part are in a ratio of 3: 2.
The wedge-shaped muzzle is slightly shorter than the upper part of the ridgeback head. Stop is expressed quite moderately, but at the same time it is clearly visible from any angle. The flat back of the nose narrows to the lobe of black or bluish hues (the latter is permissible only for “Thais” of blue color). Expressive cheekbones contrast with flat cheeks. The dog’s tight lips do not create a sensation of gleam, as they adhere to the teeth and completely hide them.
The head of a Thai ridgeback is “decorated” with medium-sized triangular ears. They are placed on the sides of the skull, slightly inclined forward. The tips are not rounded, the auricles are open. Docking is prohibited.
Large eyes of the dog are almond-shaped, set quite deep in relation to the muzzle. The eyelids are dry, tight to the eyeballs, the incision is oval. Brown iris pigmentation is preferred (the more saturated the shade, the better). Amber eyes are acceptable in blue animals.
Jaws and teeth
The strong and strong jaws of the Thai ridgeback form a scissor bite. The teeth fit tightly in the gums and make up the complete set. The dog's tongue is notable for black pigmentation or the presence of spots of the same color.
The strong neck of the “Thai” is set high and proud, it has a slight bend and lack of suspension. The developed muscles are well palpated through the skin of the animal.
The body of the Thai ridgeback is characterized by a moderately elongated format. The straight line of the back goes into a flat lower back, and then into a rounded oblique croup. Elongated ribs form a developed, oval in the section of the chest, reaching the elbows. Belly and groin are tightened.
The relatively long ridgeback tail is curved with a sickle and tapering from the base to the tip. Mostly carried vertically up.
The humerus and scapula are directed backward. The straight forearms pass into the metacarpals, a slight inclination of which is noticeable when examining the dog in profile. The paws of a Thai ridgeback are distinguished by an oval shape and crowded fingers. The pads are harsh to the touch. The claws are strong, pigmented in dark or light shades (the second option is less preferred).
Ridgeback hips have developed and strong muscles. The angles of the knee and hock joints are pronounced, while the latter are located quite low. Parallel metatarsus are strictly straight, which is especially noticeable from the rear. The crowded fingers form graceful oval-shaped paws. Both dark and light claw pigmentation are acceptable. Pads are elastic and harsh.
Manner of movement
Thai Ridgebacks maintain a clear rhythm, moderately stretching every step, but not allowing the body to “wobble”. The front and hind limbs of the animal are not ejected in any direction, providing a strong push. The movements are harmonious and free, with a proportional arrangement of the joints relative to each other.
Ridgebacks are short-haired dog breeds. Their softness reminds hair of expensive velor. The undercoat is almost completely absent. The coat of animals is divided into four categories.
- Super short velor (hair length - 0.1-0.3 cm). It looks the least presentable because from a distance the dog seems bald. At the same time, short hair does not protect the ridgeback from insect bites that “decorate” the body with spots and blisters.
- Velvet (hair length - 0.5-0.8 cm). Gentle and pleasant to the touch. Perfectly copes with the implementation of the protective function, unlike the previous type.
- Short (hair length - up to 1 cm). It is regarded as an intermediate type between velvet and standard.
- Standard (hair length - 1-2.5 cm). Coat protects not only from annoying insects, but also from adverse climatic conditions.
A key feature of Thai Ridgebacks is a clearly contoured ridge on the back. Among its common forms are:
The comb must not extend over the sides of the dog. Curls at the tips of the hairs are permissible, and their symmetry is more than desirable. Ideally, the ridge is ¾ back length. Minor deviations within 2-3 cm are not considered a rock defect.
The standard recognizes solid colors in the following shades:
A white spot on the animal’s chest is acceptable.
Common Thai Ridgeback breed defects include:
- zigzag or torn ridge,
- straight and wedge-shaped bites,
- light pigmentation of the iris,
- rounded tips of the ears
- atypical muzzle shape,
- full lips
- copious undercoat
- round eye shape
- short tail.
Among the disqualifying defects are:
- obvious deviations in appearance,
- shy or aggressive behavior
- undescended testicles into the scrotum,
- complete lack of ridge,
- white and brindle colors,
- long coat.
Thai Ridgeback Character
Talking with a Thai Ridgeback resembles the famous film The Taming of the Shrew. Only experienced dog breeders can choose the key to the heart of the pet. Extravagant looks are not the only difference between Thai Ridgebacks and other dogs. The nature of these animals is inherent resistance, bordering on stubbornness. Ridgeback cannot be re-educated, and rare success in this matter will turn into problems with the psyche of the dog. For this reason, representatives of the breed need an experienced and patient owner who is not afraid of difficulties in communicating with his pet.
Remember: males tend to be more dominant and independent than bitches, so it’s important to consider this moment when interacting with an animal.
However, do not give up on Thai ridgebacks only because of their independent nature! Owners of these dogs speak of them as their most loyal friends and companions. "Thais" can not stand loneliness and prefer to bathe in the rays of universal love and attention from the family. At the same time, it is important not to raise your voice on your pet if you are annoyed by such a strong obsession. Representatives of the breed are distinguished by a fine mental organization, and rudeness on the part of the owner will inflict an irreparable offense on them.
The developed intelligence of Thai Ridgebacks, combined with their observation skills, gives a striking result. Dogs carefully analyze what is happening, listen to people and distinguish their intonations. In response to his nickname, the ridgeback will demonstrate an extreme degree of interest and will not take his eyes off the speaker. At the same time, characteristic folds will appear on the forehead of the animal, which most clearly indicate their direct participation in the “dialogue”.
Representatives of the breed are quite contradictory in their desires: now they need an active walk, and after five minutes they sniff comfortably on the litter and see juicy meat bones in a dream. Thai Ridgebacks tend to adapt to their master’s lifestyle. “Publication" can wait until a certain point: Ridgebacks will not jump on the door with a loud bark and follow you with a leash in their teeth. However, the lack of fresh air and new experiences will adversely affect the balanced psyche of your pet.
Communication with strangers does not please the dog. Thai Ridgebacks are wary of strangers, do not let themselves be ironed and do not respond to caresses with a friendly wagging tail. This incredulity is the key to the successful role of a guard dog. However, for ardent and selfless protection, the ridgebacks lack aggressiveness. The animal is more likely to emit a warning roar than to rush to attack a man who illegally invaded his possessions. Loud barking and assault is the last thing you can expect from a ridgeback. However, only a madman will encroach on the possessions of a serious and handsome handsome man resembling a representative of fighting breeds, therefore the appearance of the “Thai” only plays into the hands.
And let your friends call the ridgeback an unsociable "grumbler": you know how tender and loving a pet can be! Representatives of the breed get along well not only with family members, but also with other pets. In the company of a Thai ridgeback, it’s not scary to leave even a cat: he would rather share the litter with his meowing brother than throw himself in pursuit. Ridgebacks leave their last occupation for walks, where they will not miss a single yard cat, dove and sparrow. Loyalty to other dogs persists only up to open aggression by the opponent.
Ridgebacks don’t dwell on children and are ready to participate in their active games all day long. At the same time, dogs show a complete indulgence to carelessness of young family members and never respond with a formidable grin.However, the child’s frequent communication with the “Thai” can make the latter extremely naughty: the ridgeback needs a firm hand and careful monitoring, which cannot be expected from children. If possible, do not leave the pet alone with your child - this will avoid many incidents in the future.
Thai Ridgebacks are real four-legged athletes. These animals can not imagine their life without running and jumping since puppyhood. Adjust your daily routine so that your pet can throw out all the energy while walking. Otherwise, the ridgeback will demand a “continuation of the banquet” upon returning home. The ball, frisbee and even a stick raised from the ground are your best helpers.
The wild ancestors of the breed handed over to the dogs hunting instincts, which still make themselves felt and make walking without a leash almost impossible. Any living creature of a smaller size is regarded by the Thai Ridgeback as prey, so it is important to control the pet at this moment. Please note: males run away more often than bitches, so you should not give them complete freedom of action.
Parenting and training
Raising a Thai ridgeback is not an easy task. Ideally, you should start working with the dog at the age of one and a half months, but this is often impossible: the kennels put up puppies for sale only after they reach three months. Adaptation of the baby to new conditions takes no more than a day: you should not give the pet concessions from the first day of appearing in the house. Be persistent and diplomatic, passivity and cruelty in dealing with the ridgeback are unacceptable.
Having matured, the dog will not give up trying to test your patience "for strength". Do not worry, the pet has not ceased to have unlimited love for you. The reason for this is the obstinate character of the Thai Ridgeback. When communicating with an animal, you need to learn the following: the pet is always right, and only you can be considered the culprit of the current problem. Accepting this idea is quite difficult, so do not deny yourself the opportunity to turn to a professional if the education of the Thai Ridgeback has gone the wrong way.
Ridgebacks are prone to begging near the table - and it’s not at all a constant feeling of hunger! In the dog’s eyes, the right to start the meal first is the main sign of leadership. Let the pet understand that you are not encroaching on his piece, but you are not going to transfer the reins of government either. The slightest pliability will result in the fact that the ridgeback organizes daily duty in the kitchen, and you have to isolate your favorite for a family dinner.
Representatives of the breed are smart and intelligent animals, so they are happy to learn new things, unless, of course, they are in a good mood. Basic commands are indispensable, but no less attention should be paid to teaching discipline and self-control. Ridgebacks are not prone to impulsive behavior by nature, but improper socialization can provoke cowardice or even aggression. Do not reward your dog if she is intolerant of anyone. Aggressive behavior must be stopped even if the ridgeback rushed to your defense. Low-key praise is more than enough. The animal should not connect the animal grin with your boundless joy, otherwise a repeated incident is inevitable.
Praise, dainty and motivation are the three whales on which the correct training of a Thai ridgeback rests. Take the trouble to organize your dog's training so that it resembles an exciting game. Otherwise, the dog will show indestructible stubbornness. The animal will easily understand the principle of simple commands and will resist their lengthy study.
Representatives of the breed excel in dog sports - in particular, freestyle and agility - therefore, it is recommended to dilute the uniform training process with them.
Care and maintenance
Thai ridgeback is an ideal option for keeping in an apartment. It doesn’t smell like “dog”, and the short hair of the animal does not cause unnecessary inconvenience even during molting, which occurs once a year. Velor dogs lose much less hair than standard coat. Abundant molting is a good reason to consult a veterinarian and pass a scraping to detect the presence of a subcutaneous tick.
Caring for the ridgeback is quite simple and is limited to regular brushing twice a week. It is recommended to use a brush made of natural bristles or a rubber glove. They will not only remove dead hair, but will also give your pet a pleasant massage that will improve blood circulation. During molting, the procedure must be repeated every day.
The absence of undercoat suggests the only possible option for keeping the Thai ridgeback - in a room where there are no drafts. In the cold season, take care of warm clothes for your pet. Otherwise, colds will become commonplace, and the ridgeback's immunity will be significantly dulled.
Representatives of the breed can not tolerate dampness and abundant moisture, so do not intentionally arrange a pet for a romantic walk in the rain. If the weather has caught you far from home, be sure: a Thai Ridgeback with his only pedantry will bypass all the puddles in its path. After such a walk, it is enough to wipe the animal's paws: its cleanliness will not allow it to completely get dirty in the mud. Bathe your ridgeback no more than once a month: this is more than enough. In addition, these dogs do not like water. For them, a sultry day is no reason to swim in the nearest body of water. On the contrary, the animal will go around its tenth road and try not to soak its paws.
Important: for swimming Thai ridgeback, use only special soft shampoos. They will help to avoid the aggressive effects of surfactants on your pet's coat.
The open auricles of a dog are a favorable environment for the propagation of pathogens and the accumulation of dust. To avoid infections, regularly clean the ears of a Thai Ridgeback, armed with a cotton pad and special hygiene products, which can be found in most pet stores. Use mild boric acid as an alternative.
The eyes of an animal deserve no less attention. Morning discharge in the corners is a common occurrence: thanks to them, the dust particles are cleansed. These lumps are easily cleaned with a damp, lint-free cloth. It is important not to rub your eyes with the same side of the rag. For prevention purposes, it is necessary to use chamomile broth once a week: this will prevent excessive “acidification”.
Thai ridgeback teeth need to be cleaned 3-4 times a week. Use special pastes for dogs: “human” hygiene products have a sharp taste and smell, foam very much and are therefore not suitable for the oral cavity of a pet.
Representatives of the breed are energetic and active animals that grind their claws during long walks. Nevertheless, it is worth stocking up with a claw cutter for large dog breeds and shortening the claws of the ridgeback once a month. It is recommended to hold the paws in warm water first: this will greatly facilitate and speed up the procedure.
Do not ignore the pet paw pads. Inspect them for wounds or cracks. An antiseptic will cope with the first problem, with a fatty baby cream or sunflower oil with the second.
The Thai ridgeback diet can be divided into two types: natural food and dry food. In no case can you combine them (for example, add granules from the package to the freshly cooked porridge): this will lead to problems with the digestive system of the dog.
Animal nutrition should be balanced, with a full content of essential macronutrients and vitamins. Since Ridgebacks are not inclined to choose tidbits on their own, you will have to follow the quality and freshness of the products. It is important to avoid:
- generously seasoned food
- any kind of river fish
- boiled or raw fat,
- chocolate desserts
- dairy products
- pitted fruits
- raw meat and eggs
- yeast dough
- tubular bones
- raw mushrooms
The gastrointestinal tract of the ridgebacks has an increased sensitivity, so do not treat these dogs with new products in huge quantities. Introduce them gradually, while not forgetting to follow the reaction of the pet.
The bowl should always be filled with fresh water. The ideal option is purified bottled water, but tap water is also suitable, previously infused for 6-8 hours.
Physical activity is a necessary condition for the correct maintenance of Thai Ridgebacks. Young dogs need two-hour proms; for adult animals, half an hour is enough in the morning and evening. If possible, try to extend the time of your walk, and at the weekend - even go out of town, where the Ridgeback will be able to freely run around and explore new territory.
Health and Disease of Thai Ridgebacks
Natural selection, which played an important role in the millennial formation of the breed, helped keep dogs in good health and immune to traditional diseases. Most vices of Thai Ridgebacks are related to their specific structure. Among the most common diseases are:
- digestive system problems
- hip dysplasia,
- hypothermia and colds,
- dermoid sinus,
- dermatitis and eczema.
In addition, Thai Ridgebacks are prone to being overweight, which can lead to cardiovascular disease.
How to choose a puppy
All dogs require attention and love from the owner, and the Thai Ridgeback is a good example. This clot of indomitable energy needs proper education, training and daily walks. Ready to give your pet every free minute? Now it's up to the small thing - choosing the right puppy!
The first step towards acquiring a four-legged friend is to select a specialized nursery. Look for organizations that provide essential information about your puppy's parents. If they do not have a single title, think about it: most likely, the reason lies in vices that are invisible to the eye, which will certainly affect babies.
A professional breeder provides a veterinary passport, a memo for the future ridgeback owner and FCI documents. The puppy must be branded, vaccinated and proglistogonen in a timely manner. When you get acquainted with the litter, pay attention to the most active and moderately curious baby - he is destined to become your companion! And don't let the skin folds push you away like a sharpei: they will disappear as soon as the dog is older.