About animals

Part II Insects (Insecta)


Russian name:Four-lane Bear, or Hera
Latin name:Euplagia quadripunctaria (Poda, 1761)
English name:Jersey tiger
Subfamily, genus:Real bears

The front wings are white, with a pattern of four black stripes, three of which follow from the front edge to the rear corner, the fourth is located at the outer edge. The hind wings are red with black spots.

The species is widespread in the south of Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia. It is quite common in the western half of the Orenburg region and Bashkortostan, but it is extremely rare in the Chelyabinsk region, where it is even listed in the Red Book. It gravitates to floodplain forests and shrubbery.

Butterflies fly in July and August. Often scared from shady places during the day, sometimes at night they come into the light. Caterpillars are purple-black, with two rows of bright spots, covered with large red warts. They can feed on many herbs, shrubs, broad-leaved trees, and winter.

Species listed in the Red Book of the Smolensk Region: Ursa Major Hera (Callimorpha quadripunctaria (Poda, 1761))

Family: Dipper - Arctiidae

Squad (department): Lepidoptera - Lepidoptera

Status. II category. A rare species, the number of which is relatively high, but is rapidly declining.

Short description. Fore wing length 27–29 mm. The front wings are black with a metallic green tint, with three oblique cream stripes and a cream hind wing edge. The hind wings are red with three black spots along the outer edge of the wing and in the middle. Chest black with creamy longitudinal stripes, abdomen red with a row of black dots.

Spread. The center and south of the European part of Russia, the Caucasus, Transcaucasia, Western Europe, Turkey, Iran, Syria. There is no information about being in the area.

Habitat. Shrubbery, forest edges, forest glades.

Abundance in nature. Markedly reduced. The species is very local, and in some habitats its number can be quite high.

The main limiting factors. Deterioration of the state or destruction of habitats due to economic activity, increase in recreational loads.

Features of biology. Species settled, in a year gives 1 generation. Butterfly flies in late July - August. Egg laying and feeding of caterpillars occurs on the walnut, fireweed, nettle, honeysuckle, hazel, raspberry, blackberry. Winters in the caterpillar stage.

Breeding. No data.

Security measures taken. Not accepted.

Necessary security measures. The species should be protected in nature reserves located within its range. Economic development of territories should include strict regulation of the use of chemicals, the prohibition of overgrazing, and the catching of butterflies by non-specialists.