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Briard - breed of dogs: origin, character, content at home, reviews

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Any dog, both purebred and crossbreeds, can be a carrier of a gene that causes hereditary diseases. The advantage of pure breeds is that with careful breeding after some time, these problems can be minimized. Briards are generally very healthy dogs, but the possibility of the following diseases should be taken into account:

Hip Dysplasia. Briards are breeds that often have hip dysplasia. In almost 20% of dogs, an X-ray examination showed the presence of this disease. All animals intended for breeding must undergo x-rays to confirm the absence of this disease.

Stomach inversion. This disease is often found in dogs with a large chest. Symptoms include shortness of breath, frequent urge to vomit or burp, and the dog can not burp anything, the stomach is hard bloated. Stomach upset requires immediate medical attention. Most often, the animal has a chance of survival, surgery is indicated. Animals may have a hereditary predisposition to this disease, but the exact causes of inheritance are not known.

Bad character. Sometimes there are shy, shy or aggressive briards. Such character traits may be hereditary. This is unacceptable for the breed: the standard says that dogs should be smart and fearless, without the slightest trace of shyness.

Usually briars are indifferent to strangers. In no case should they be afraid of them or show aggression. If you are planning on acquiring a briar, take a look at both of his parents. Think about whether you want a dog with the same character. If in doubt, it is better not to buy a puppy.

It is useful to ask the breeder in detail what kind of briar he thinks is right. If he says that shyness or aggressiveness are normal traits of a dog’s character, then you should contact another specialist.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy. Briards have two forms of this disease: central progressive retinal atrophy and general progressive retinal atrophy. In the UK, 5 out of 6 briards are carriers of the disease or suffer from it. And with that, and with another disease, the gene that causes it is recessive. This means that parents can have a sick puppy, even if they themselves do not have any symptoms. Dogs with central progressive retinal atrophy and general progressive retinal atrophy will become blind as they mature. This disease is not treatable.

Von Willebrandt's disease. Von Willebrand disease is a hereditary blood disease characterized by the occurrence of sporadic bleeding. The cause of bleeding is a bleeding disorder due to the lack of activity of von Willebrand factor. There are tests that detect dogs with genetic abnormalities responsible for the development of von Willebrand disease. In these tests, point mutations in the vWf gene are diagnosed, leading to impaired synthesis or function of von Willebrand factor. Unfortunately, many briar breeders refuse such tests.

Stationary night blindness. Unlike progressive retinal atrophy, this disease occurs in puppies and does not progress (remains unchanged). Sick dogs cannot be seen in low light. It is believed that the disease is caused by a recessive gene. It cannot be diagnosed during a routine examination, but can be determined using an electroretinogram.

Allergies and skin diseases. Some briards are allergic to flea bites and certain foods. It is not known how the disease is inherited.

Crayfish. Unfortunately, many briars today die from cancer. The most common lymphosarcoma. It is still unknown whether this disease is hereditary. Research in this area is likely to be conducted in the future.

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Brief information

  • Breed Name: Briard
  • Country of origin: France
  • Weight: males 30-40 kg, females 25-35 kg
  • Height (height at the withers): males 62-68 cm, females 56-64 cm
  • Life span: 11-13 years old

Highlights

  • Briard is smart, sharp-witted and well aware of his own strength, so in the learning process he often strives to insist on his own.
  • The dog’s long, dry coat almost does not fade, but it intensively stalks into tangles. So if you do not want the pet’s body to turn into a solid untidy “felt boot”, do not neglect its daily combing.
  • Despite the somewhat heavier build, briards are very frisky creatures. The running shepherd is swiftly elegant and demonstrates almost cat's grace in movement.
  • In everyday life, representatives of this breed are calm and friendly, but only if their owner is a person with pronounced leadership qualities. Owners who do not have experience in raising dogs with a dominant character should not train on Briar shepherds.
  • With proper training, a briar from a shepherd easily transforms into a responsible watchman who will never give up his positions and will protect the owner’s home and property to the last.
  • Briards do not stand on ceremony with other dogs, so if another “tail” has come into view of the animal, get ready for a conflict, or even a serious fight. With cats, things are almost the same, with the exception of the kotofey, with whom the dog spent his childhood and youth.
  • The worst thing you can think of for a briar is to make him compete for other caresses with other pets. For pets inferior to the shepherd in size and cunning, such experiments end, as a rule, sadly.
  • Briard is a very energetic breed that retains interest in active entertainment until old age, so do not expect a dog to have a “retirement” age of degree and imposingness.

Briard is an energetic dog with a bright, memorable image and a truly strong character. Having made a reputation for his outstanding abilities for shepherding, the shaggy intellectual has always been distinguished by his tremendous love of life, developed intuition and ability to win over a person. Getting along with briar means not trying to educate him into the performer of his momentary whims, because this stylish handsome man is ready to serve, but not to serve. In addition, you will have to take into account the proprietary manners of the breed: a briar is that dog that will not leave room in your heart for another fluff.

Origin history

Initially, the Briard did not belong to any subgroup of dogs in France. She was considered an ordinary shepherd. For the first time about the breed officially became known in 1809. Briard is a breed of dog that is bred by breeding representatives such as barbe and berger de boss. Despite the early discovery of the breed, it was only possible to register it in 1885. During the First World War, Briard was entrusted with a difficult security business, with which these dogs did a great job. Briards are still a favorite breed of dogs, for which many clubs of lovers of these animals were formed in France.

In popularity, these large shaggy tetrapods are second only to the German Shepherd. The French Shepherd has two varieties and differs only in the structure of the structure of the coat. In one group, it resembles a sheep, and in the second - a goat. Initially, the owners of the dogs stopped the ears of their pets, thereby protecting the Briard from the attack of wild animals during the shepherd’s service. Now, stopping the ears of this breed is strictly prohibited. In recent years, representatives of the Briard breed have been actively used in search activities. They do their job perfectly, finding lost people and those who fell under the rubble.

Wool Briar

Briard is a breed of dog that attracts attention with its coat. The rich coat of a representative of this type of shepherd dog reaches over 50 cm in length, but the standards allow a length of at least 7 cm. The hair of this breed is shiny, slightly wavy and very dry. During the year, up to 1.5 kg of fur can be combed with this dog, from which it is possible to create yarn that is in quality much superior to mohair. The shaggy coat of the briar is completely odorless, when the dog gets wet, you can smell the thin smell of sheep’s wool.

The owner will have to work hard, caring for such a long and voluminous "shock of hair." After all, briar needs frequent washing and combing. Yes, and to wash the hair of a French shepherd is not an easy task, but since the dog leads an active and active lifestyle, you will have to do this very often. But the admiring glances of those around will give the owner a sense of owning a truly royal dog.

According to the standard, the color of the dog can have different shades, with the exception of only white and chestnut color. Fawn and black colors are most often found in the world. But there are also gray and blue. Fawn can be dark and light red. Black color may have interspersed white wool, but the occurrence of bulky white spots is unacceptable. Owners of dogs with a black color can be sure that the future offspring will have the same shade. This is due to a genetically dominant feature.

In the twentieth century, gray and blue colors were discovered. If the puppy was born black, but the color of his coat changed with age, then such a dog was usually called gray, and if a pure gray puppy was born, then it was considered a blue subspecies. Blue dogs are much lighter than gray ones. Gray and blue colors are considered one of the rarest. A lot of lovers of the Briard breed just dream of getting just such a color from the puppies, but, unfortunately, if the gray and blue dogs are crossed, the future offspring appears with deviations from the standard. A French shepherd is not allowed to exhibit if it does not have black claws, and if there are white spots on the coat.

Appearance

Briard is a breed of dog, the description of which cannot but delight. The growth of an adult male reaches 70 cm, and the average weight can be 50 kg. The males are strong muscular in structure and have a strong skeleton. They are characterized by masculinity and stamina. The head is large enough, mustache and beard are clearly visible on it. According to the standard, the male’s bangs should slightly close their eyes. Females are not as large as males. Their average weight is 32 kg, and their height reaches 65 cm. The female is characterized by elegance and grace. The head is usually small in size.

In everyday life, you can often see a dog of this breed with a hairpin on his head. This causes emotion among passers-by. But according to the standard, the dog’s bangs should not be fixed, and it should not be cut off categorically if the owner plans to lead his pet to the exhibition. The nose is very large, has a square shape. Eye color varies from dark brown to light, depending on the color of the briar. A distinctive feature of this breed are the extra toes on its hind legs. If the structure of the fingers is broken, the dog will be disqualified and removed from the competition. Ear stopping is prohibited in briar dogs. The feedback of the breeders supporting these innovations is positive, because in the current conditions the dog simply does not need this procedure.

Description and Features

Breard breed has a long history. Dog breeding experts claim that she was born around the 12th-13th centuries. Even then they wrote about her as an excellent companion shepherd.

Since the dog is quite large, he easily coped with the task of intimidating ferocious forest predators, whose attention was drawn to livestock. Initially, the mission of this animal was not guarding the sheep, but their corral.

It began to act on the command of the owner, gradually learning responsibility. An adult balanced dog of this breed often made its own decisions regarding the movement of the herd when its owner was absent.

Interesting! There is no information on breeding breeding, therefore, experts made the logical assumption that this is a distinctive species of previously wild dogs that were domesticated by Europeans.

The fact that these skilled healthy people, most likely, was not brought out by a person, confirms their organizational skills. It is difficult to artificially select a living creature that would be endowed with this quality.

These courageous and beautiful dogs came to Russia only in the middle of the 18th century. Even then, they liked the secular nobility. Breeding of the breed began to be actively engaged, due to which, residents of different countries learned about it.

It is worth noting that in our area briards have never been so popular as in France. Perhaps this is due to the lack of the need for regular and vigilant protection of sheep from local farmers.

Gradually, with the transition of an agrarian society into an industrial society, the breed is losing popularity. But those who interacted with her will never start other animals. A man who once won the trust of a briar will forever become his fan. The dog quickly becomes attached, adapts well and never loses watch.

Previously, it was operated even by the military, in the intelligence service. The speed and dexterity of the animal served as a reason for its use in collecting important information about the military forces of the enemy.

And it was of great benefit during the bombing, when infantry soldiers needed ammunition. The dog neatly crawled toward them, dragging a heavy bag of ammunition.

Fortunately, with the development of modern society, humanity is moving away from wars. Beautiful and talented dogs are brought in for company and camaraderie. The modern briar is an active and good-natured family favorite.

Breed standard

This is one of the largest dogs, whose growth often exceeds 65 cm. Dogs can grow up to 70 cm in height. Such a dog weighs from 25 to 32 kg. It is undesirable for its mass to exceed this mark.

Speaking about the standard of this breed, it should be noted that once it was replaced. We are talking about a specific part of the body of the animal - the ears. Earlier it was decided to stop them, today, the dog’s hearing organs remain unchanged. They have a triangular shape, set high on the crown. Due to the long dense fur, they are completely invisible.

The physique of the dog is massive, the belly is tightened, the chest protrudes slightly forward. Extremities - stable, long (by standard, forelegs should be shorter). A tail is placed on the lumbar of the dog, almost always it is lowered down. However, if the animal is excited, it can stand parallel to the ground.

Against the background of a large and elongated body, the head of the dog looks small. She has a neat shape. A wide black nose is clearly visible on the muzzle. The dog has a very powerful grip, even though the hunting instinct is not developed. The bite is correct. The gums have a dark shade, by standard. The tongue is hot pink.

Due to the long hair that grows even on the face, it is unrealistic to see the dog’s eyes. However, she does not stop her from seeing well, no matter how strange it sounds. Briard in the photo Looks harmless and very funny beast. His appearance is disposable.

Dog's fur is rather rough to the touch. On the front of the muzzle and stomach, he curls a little. In other parts of the body, it directly decreases. This is required by the breed standard. The maximum length of coarse animal hair is 15 cm.

Feature! This cattle dog walks like a cat - slowly and gracefully. Despite the impressive size of the animal, its movement is devoid of rudeness and clumsiness.

These large and cute dogs can be classified by their color. According to the standard, there can be several:

  • Red or reddish.
  • Pure black.
  • Pure gray.
  • Pale yellow.
  • Brown silver.
  • Light brown.

In each color variant there may be features, for example, tiger cubs. Spotted purebred briars are not born. An important requirement - the color of the dog should be symmetrical, especially if it is two-tone. It is also necessary that the shade of his fur be bright, saturated.

“A dog is a man’s best friend!” - everyone knows this saying. But, the relationship of a person with a briar can expand the understanding of this phrase. This is an unusually faithful dog, which under no circumstances will betray a man who loves him.

He is prone to submission, prefers to trust the owner than to compete with him. At home, he always takes care of him and in every possible way shows his interest in communication. Without contact with a loved one, he becomes unhappy, depressed and sad. How to understand that the animal is under stress?

It is enough to pay attention to changes in his behavior. If previously the briar was playful and energetic, and then became withdrawn and detached, it is likely that he is either sick or sad. In this case, ordinary communication will help to cheer him up.

The dog only looks like a decorative doggie, it is strong and incredibly hardy, so it needs frequent loads. Remember that while walking with her, your connection is strengthened. Give your pet the opportunity to explore the world around him.

Let him collect information using all his senses, especially with his nose. These are very curious dogs, which can attract the attention of anything from a plane flying in the sky to a butterfly sitting on the nearest flower.

They will never lazily lie on the floor idle, as they prefer to be in the center of attention of households and exchange impressions with them. But, when the owner of such a pet comes home tired, he will certainly lie next to him and keep him company while watching TV. Yes, dog briard loves being next to a loved one. She needs his company.

The level of social and psychological adaptation of the animal is high. Yes, it is tied to the territory in which it has been living for a long time, but it will not confuse you much if you take it for a walk to an unfamiliar place. The dog’s fear certainly will not arise. Excessive curiosity often pushes her into rash acts, which creates a risk of falling into a trap.

During the walk, the cattle breeder never loses watch. He is obedient and always looks after the household walking nearby. The beast is not without security inclinations. As soon as someone comes close to its owners, he immediately activates attention and observation. To offend the owners will not allow anyone, even young children.

Important! If the briar behaves fearfully, retreats during aggressive attacks of other dogs and is wary of going out into the open space - he does not have the right to show himself at animal shows, therefore he is disqualified.

Care and maintenance

It doesn’t matter where you keep such an animal in a house or apartment, the main thing is to often go outside your home with it. He needs emotions, vivid impressions and new experience. In addition, he is shown physical activity. Without them, the dog weakens and loses its good shape.

For living in comfort, it requires a standard home improvement: availability of a berth / aviary with an insulated booth, two bowls, equipment for walking and toys. By the way, about the latter: Briard gets along well with animals, therefore, he will gladly start chasing plush little animals.

Now about leaving. Dog hair is its key visual feature. Since it is long and stiff, it requires constant care. The owner of such an animal must bathe him at least 1 time per month. We recommend using tar tar shampoos for animals. But using soap while bathing the dog is forbidden, since it dries the dermis very much.

If you do not wash the briar frequently, it will smell unpleasant. But bathing is not all that his fine fur needs. In order to always look presentable, daily combing is required. A small scallop will definitely not help! It is better to get a comb with iron teeth.

Regular grooming is also required for parts of the dog’s body such as the eyes, teeth, and ears. Remember, your pet should not be left to its own devices! He needs your care. At least once a week, arrange for him a “day of hygiene procedures”. It should include:

  1. Inspection of fur for parasites, especially fleas.
  2. Washing, removing tear fluid from the eyes.
  3. Removing plaque formed on teeth and gums.
  4. Cleaning the foot pads of dirt.

The owner of such a massive pet should be prepared for the fact that he will require large investments. A person with at least an average level of material income will be able to feed a fluffy healthy man. An adult briar eats at least 1 kg of dry food per day. If you feed him a little - he will weaken and will often get sick due to the deterioration of immunity.

Tip! Mixed nutrition for representatives of this breed is contraindicated. It can worsen their health, for example, provoke stomach problems.

Briard Puppies must eat fresh meat that is not exposed to chemical processing for 4 to 5 months. Gradually, the amount of this product in their diet is increased. The fact is that the protein contained in meat is the main building element necessary for an animal to gain mass and strengthen bone tissue.

In addition, you can give the puppy cottage cheese, cheeses, cereals and low-fat broths. In the cold season, we recommend adding fresh vegetables and fruits, the main sources of vitamins, to his diet.

Life expectancy and reproduction

Large dogs live a little less than small ones. Briard, for example, faithfully serves the owner from 9 to 12 years. The main factor determining the life expectancy of a domestic thoroughbred dog is nutrition.

When the breeder decided to cross two individuals of this breed, first he must make sure that all of their parameters comply with the generally accepted standard. Firstly, the body weight of the dog should not exceed 30 kg. Secondly, it should have a bright and symmetrical color. Thirdly, the animal must be balanced and not prone to aggression.

Specialists advise propagating briards after they reach 2.5 years. This is the best age for mating! After the estrus starts, the female must wait 4 days. This is an important requirement for conception.

When the mating happens, the bitch must rest. During the period of the alleged pregnancy, she should eat dairy products to enrich the body with useful trace elements and calcium. Large dogs bear offspring for approximately 67 days.

In these parts of the world there are not so many furry and large dog cattle breeders. However, in Moscow there is a nursery in which they are bred. Anyone can visit it. He will certainly receive the necessary advice regarding the maintenance and upbringing of the dog.

Briard price from a Moscow nursery - from 20 thousand rubles. Dog from the show class will cost the buyer at least 40 thousand rubles. This variation in price is associated with the ability to earn money on a pet. The more expensive the puppy, the more profit the buyer can make in the future.

Socialization and education

The French dog breeder is a big fan of learning something new. He is always interested in the outside world, no matter where he is. Curiosity pushes him to listen to the owner and try to please him. However, such a dog has a character trait that can interfere with training - this is stubbornness.

Any dog, especially responsible as a briar, can show complete disinterest in training. The beast knows about its merits, it is not without pride, so often refuses to train.

How to be in this situation? We recommend applying the gingerbread method in practice. Always treat the smart dog with what he likes and offer to follow you, after that - start training.

It is very important to initially build a relationship of trust with him. Remember, the dog must trust you. During the walk, keep it near you, do not let go ahead or bark passers-by.

Every time you notice how she reacts too violently to what is happening around, easily slap her foot in the side. This gesture is warning. Be sure to teach the Briard puppy to respond to his nickname. For this, each member of the family should regularly pronounce it during interaction with the animal.

Do not let your pet climb on your bed. This will negatively affect the process of its socialization. In this case, the beast will think that he has the same rights as all household members. A similar attitude in the dog’s mind destructively affects its communication with people. She becomes stubborn and naughty.

Possible diseases and methods for their treatment

Such dogs have several specific ailments that are often inherited:

  1. Epilepsy.
  2. Hip dysplasia.
  3. Night blindness.
  4. Cataract.
  5. Viral diseases.

A regular veterinary examination will help reduce the risk of your pet having the above ailments. If you take care of the briar correctly, feed it well and take vaccinations in a timely manner, it will serve you for at least 12 years!

Briard Breed History

Already in the XII century, French farmers were in close contact with the ancestors of the Briards, who were attracted for grazing sheep flocks. True, in those days, representatives of this dog family were called Briar shepherds - by the name of the province of Bri, in which they were allegedly bred. Large, massive animals were appreciated by peasants mainly for independence and the ability to manage the herd without regard to the owner. For example, a properly trained dog could cope with a sheep's hull alone, driving it for grazing in the morning, and collecting livestock in the evening and seeing him off the field.

The first more or less truthful description of the appearance and character of the Briar Shepherd was compiled in 1809 by Abbot Ronier. In his agricultural treatise, the clergyman described dogs as excellent shepherds and tireless defenders of farm property. By 1885, the Briards' working capacity and intellect had advertised them so much that the animals were granted the status of an independent breed, and two years later a separate appearance standard was approved for them. But the real popularity overtook the shepherd during the Second World War. In the conditions of a protracted war, these shaggy fortified men established themselves as cheap draft power, so for several years they took the wounded out of the field, and also delivered shells to the trenches, which almost disappeared as a breed.

In 1924, French experts set out to restore the number of briards and founded the first club of shepherd lovers. Since that time, animals have ceased to be considered exclusively as peasant dogs, so they moved to a more elite "caste" of companions and athletes. In the middle of the 20th century, the Briards began to expand the boundaries of their own popularity, emigrating to the countries of the rest of Europe and North America. However, the New World was not interested in the breed for unknown reasons, so the vast majority of its representatives continued to live in Western Europe. The Soviet Union learned about the briars with some delay, in the late 80s, but at the pace of catching up. In particular, already in 1991, domestic breeders did their best to boast to their foreign colleagues the first puppies “made in Russia”.

Famous briar owners:

  • Napoleon Bonaparte,
  • Charlemagne the Great
  • Alexander Maslyakov.

Briard appearance

Briard - a charming raster with a hipster bang, wrapped in a long, shaggy "fur coat". The sexual type of the representatives of this breed is pronounced, so the briar bitches are noticeably smaller (average height - 56-64 cm) and more elegant than males. At the same time, the boys are also not too baggy and quite graceful.

The deceptive negligence and rustic appearance of the briards is in fact the result of many years of work by tribal specialists. Yes there! French breeders are shaking over their wards, like a real living rarity, in attempts to preserve the pristine appearance of dogs and by all means to avoid the slightest changes in their image. Perhaps that is why in the breed standard more space is given to listing possible defects and defects of the Briar Shepherd Dogs than to describing their exterior features.

Briard's head is elongated, with a rounded forehead and a fairly steep stop.

Teeth and jaw

The purebred shepherd dog has a full set of 42 snow-white, strong teeth. The standard type of bite for the Briard breed is “scissors”.

A straight, without a hump or dip briar nose ends in a square black lobe.

The large, dark eyes of the dog are set straight, without tilting. Steel color of the iris is permissible only for individuals with gray wool.

Since ancient times, the ears of the Briar Shepherd dogs have been stopped, because of which the earloop assumed a standing position. Today, EU countries have abandoned this procedure, so modern French briards have short, high-set and slightly adjacent ears. In Russia, stopping has not yet outlived itself, but when acquiring a puppy whose veterinarian has already worked on his ears, remember: it is better not to show such a briar at European exhibitions.

The strong, muscular neck of the briar resembles a truncated cone in shape and gradually grows into shoulders.

The body of the dog is somewhat elongated, with a massive chest, a straight back and a sloping, rounded croup.

Limbs

Both the front and rear legs of the briar are very strong, muscular, set upright. Hock joints with moderate angles are not too low. Feet are strong, resembling feline, with elastic pads. The claws are black. A distinctive feature of the breed is double dewclaws on both hind limbs.

The tail of the briard is carried low, bending at the end into a hook.

The dry, long hair of a shepherd is reminiscent of goat hair in structure.

Briard can have any solid type of color except white, chocolate and mahogany. At the same time, at exhibitions, preference is always given to darker individuals. It is permissible if the hair on the dog’s legs has a lighter color than the hair on the rest of the body.

Disqualifying Defects

  • Height above or below the standard specified by more than 2 cm.
  • Brown or pink lobe.
  • Strong overshot.
  • The absence of any three teeth or two lower fourth premolars.
  • Disagreement. Eyes too light.
  • Too low-set ears with folds or fused cartilage.
  • Unparalleled set of hind legs.
  • The vertical position of the tail or tail thrown onto the back.
  • Claws of white color.
  • Incomplete set of dewclaws or their complete absence.
  • The length of the coat is less than 7 cm, hair with a pronounced curl, too soft.
  • The presence of white spots on the body and white hairs on the legs.
  • Fawn with black color, the presence of a black "cloak" on the body of the shepherd.

Briard character

Briard is a dog that is complex in every way. On the one hand, it is a devoted pet, who does not have a soul in its own master, and on the other hand, it is the greatest manipulator that will never agree to a secondary role in your life. The outward charm of the briars is something beyond description! Asking looks, flirtatious gimmicks, full of comic charm of facial expressions - in reserve these French rookies have a whole arsenal of various tricks that allow them to get what they want. By the way, it was on the overwhelming mimicry of the breed that the majority of inexperienced owners burnt out, because as soon as the Briard understands that his skilled pantomime is entertaining you, he will turn into a cunning and naughty minion.

Oddly enough, but expressively authoritarian style in communicating with these shaggy pets does not work either. Briard categorically does not tolerate when they try to suppress his will or, even worse, begin to push them. In the dog’s eyes, this behavior looks like a mockery that she will never forgive. Yes, the pet is absolutely not opposed to being shown the right place, but this should not look like an infringement on his personal dignity, which is somewhat hypertrophied among the representatives of this breed.

Briards have an excellent sense of the owner’s mood and often copy his behavior, so if you’re used to sorting out relationships with your family on elevated tones, don’t be surprised that the shaggy “Monsieur” will do his best to participate, that is, grumble and bark loudly. As for the intelligence of a dog, like a human, it needs constant development, so often load your pet with useful activities that require a certain quick wit. For example, instruct briard to bring you a mobile whenever he rings, or teach him how to get a morning newspaper out of a mailbox.

If you are too lazy to engage in the intellectual education of the briar, get ready for the fact that he will develop his own “training course”, and you will be raking up the consequences of such exercises for a very long time. For example, the Briar Shepherd Dogs perfectly cope with opening all kinds of lockers and extracting their contents, and they are also always ready to face off with other males or chase cats.

Briards are jealous and touchy. Take it for granted and do not provoke the animal for no reason. This “Frenchman” will forgive his master a lot, but just not an ostentatious love for some kind of cat or pug. And by the way, even if you bring a second briar to the house, this will not improve the situation at all, since each of the dogs will try to draw the owner's attention to itself. Are you ready to tear between two shaggy "hipsters" 24 hours a day? Then go ahead! In communication with strangers and unfamiliar people, the briars are restrained, if not suspicious, so when you see one of such shaggy handsome people on the street, do not rush to pat him on the head - suddenly he is in a bad mood today.

Parenting and training

Briards are unusually memorable, understanding, but not without stubbornness, students who need a special key. By the way, applying punishments to them, especially physical ones, means only worsening the matter and forever losing their trust. In the shower, you can scold the shepherd as much as you like, but do not allow yourself to take out the irritation on it. Briard is not born to blindly obey instructions. This is a thinking dog, with its own views on life in general and on training in particular. But if a pet has at least once completed a command as required by the rules, do not hesitate, he will not forget this and will easily repeat the “feat” even after 2-3 months.

The desire to dominate and take the place of the owner for the briars is a completely normal phenomenon. Moreover, if males go straight ahead, asserting their own authority, then bitches act by deceit, devising ingenious strategies for circumventing rules. If you notice that it becomes difficult to cope with the dog, entrust its training to a professional - save your nerves and do not let the animal run.

If we talk about training courses, then with briards most often pass OKD (General Training Course) and UGS (Guided City Dog). In addition, shepherd dogs have a clear penchant for sporting disciplines such as agility, freestyle, skijoring and wave pulling. The IPO (International Obedience System) course briards also click like seeds, and, unlike most other breeds, these "French" are able to acquire new knowledge at any age. And of course, do not forget about the main qualification of the breed - a shepherd’s service, tests on which briars usually pass with the highest score.

You can drive the dog to the training site from 6-7 months, and training in elementary rules of behavior and the simplest teams is allowed to start at the age of 4 months. The best way to socialize a Briard puppy is to walk with him along the busy streets so that the baby stops being afraid. To force a pet to love other dogs in this way, of course, will not work, but to help him come to terms with the inevitability of their presence in his life is quite real. The owners of the briards are advised to wind the leash on their hands and walk their wards in places of maximum concentration of dog lovers and their four-legged pupils.

Maintenance and care

Despite the rather impressive dimensions, the Briard is not a yard shepherd and living in a booth, especially in the cold season, is contraindicated for him. The habit of a mild French climate in the breed has not disappeared. In the summer, the animal can be moved to an aviary, where it will be quite comfortable for him. As for the housing maintenance: everything is not as complicated as it seems at first glance. A properly educated briar does not rush headlong around the apartment and does not make a mess, which means it does not take up much space. True, it takes longer to walk such a dog, and even better - to record it on some training course, where she can run for pleasure.

Briar’s long, dry hair does not shed in the full sense of the word, it simply forms tangles. But since trimming the representatives of this breed among dog lovers is not accepted, they will often have to be thoroughly combed. First, the wool is worked through with a rare comb to remove the trash tangled in it and partially break down the fallen areas, after which a massage comb or comb with frequent cloves is passed along the “fur coat”. If the moment is missed, and the tricks nevertheless appeared, try to disassemble them. Arm yourself with a koltunorez only in the most extreme case, when the fallen wool is no longer amenable to unraveling.

Important: combing the briar “dry” can ruin the structure of its coat and put the dog under additional stress. You must use an air conditioner designed to facilitate this procedure.

The dog's mustache and beard is also regularly combed out. In addition, you will have to constantly monitor their cleanliness, as during feeding they invariably get dirty. Sheepdogs do not cut stylish bangs on their heads, but if the hair grows too intensively, it is slightly milled (thinned out) with hairdressing scissors and pulled together with an elastic band. However, if you keep the dog for the soul and are not going to storm the exhibition, you can shorten the hair a little. The main thing is that after a haircut, the dog will guess the briar, and not the overgrown lap-dog. It is necessary to cut the hair between the fingers, which quickly gets dirty, stray into lumps, preventing the animal from walking.

Frequent bathing by the briars is not recommended, since they lead to uncontrolled discharge of the undercoat, so if your ward lives in the house, periodically sitting in the courtyard aviary, wash it once every couple of months. The capricious "townspeople" living in apartments can be bathed more often, about once or twice a month. By the way, at the same time get ready to smell a specific smell, as the wet hair of a briar strongly gives away sheepskin. As for exhibition individuals, it is better to wash them not on the eve of the event, but at least a week before it.

Do not forget about high-quality cosmetics, without which the wool of these charismatic "Monsieur" will not be so airy and shiny. This means that periodically it is necessary to unfasten not the smallest amounts for shampoo, conditioner, cream to facilitate combing and other groomer lotions that give the dog's hair gloss and the necessary softness.

The eyes and ears of the briars do not need specific care. Just keep track of their cleanliness using a standard arsenal of products: auricle cleaning lotion, cotton buds, chamomile infusion to relieve minor eye inflammation. An exception is dogs with an uncropped hanging earloop, prone to otitis media. For such individuals, standard cleaning will not be enough, therefore, to improve ventilation, they will have to thin out their hair in the ear canal. The claws of the briar shepherd dogs are sheared as they grow, with a guillotine-type clipper, which is less likely to injure the dog.

Briards are not picky about food and do not need delicacies. A healthy dog ​​that gets the right load is ready to be content with sinewy meat trimmings and offal mixed in buckwheat, herculean or rice cereal. Sea fish of the cod briar family is also possible, but not more often than once a week. An excellent addition to the main diet of the dog will be low-fat dairy products, vegetables (carrots, zucchini, pumpkin), greens from the garden. As additional sources of macro- and microelements, kelp and vegetable oil (1 tablespoon) are suitable.

Naturally, one must understand that with such a uniformity of the briar menu, mineral feeding from a veterinary pharmacy will be required. In particular, owners of animals that are not distinguished by the richness and quality of their coat, opt for complexes with vitamin B, biotin, and methionine. Do not rush to the other extreme, feeding briar with all existing vitamins. Bags of dietary supplements will not help turn a pet into an ideal dog, but they will easily and quickly plant a liver.

How many times to feed

A two-month-old briar is fed up to 6 times a day, as it grows older, reducing the number of meals. At 8 months, puppies are fully transferred to an adult diet and two meals a day. Inactive adults (from 2 years old) can also slightly cut rations, for example, feed them only once a day.

Important: briars are prone to inversion of the stomach, so a dog should eat at least two hours before a walk. If you have a tradition of feeding your ward after festivities, wait at least one hour and only then give the animal food.

Health and Briard Diseases

Most ailments falling on briards are due to heredity. These include: hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, night blindness, autoimmune thyroiditis, cancer, von Willebrand-Dian disease. The tendency to twist the stomach in briards is also genetic. Usually, animals suffering from this disease are short of breath, often burp and have unreasonable urge to vomit. Less often, briards are diagnosed with allergies, which can occur on insect bites or food.

Character Features

Despite its large size, the briar is simply not capable of aggression. He will become a real favorite in the family, which is also confirmed by the reviews of the owners of such a dog as Briard. The character of this breed is very calm and flexible. Getting a French shepherd out of her is almost impossible. A positive attitude and cheerful mood allow this breed to always be in the spotlight. Games and fun with the family will be a real gift for the four-legged pet. A stable psyche appears in dogs during training and training. Often there are cases when the dog tries to dominate the owner. It is worth considering that the briar is a very jealous breed, so the presence of other animals in the house can confuse the dog. Despite his good nature, Briard is very wary of aggressive strangers and can rush into battle if necessary.

The owner needs to think carefully before starting a dog of this breed. The fact is that briar is a breed of dog that requires constant care and attention. This four-legged friend will not just lie on the couch. This breed of dog is very fussy and mobile. When purchasing a puppy, the owner needs to remember that a lively baby will try to dominate his master.

In no case should you succumb to the tricks of the baby, otherwise there is the possibility that, having matured, the briar will become simply unbearable. He must know who is the boss in the house and what rules to follow. The sooner the pet will get acquainted with the outside world and its inhabitants, the better. Socialization is very important for this breed of dogs in order to avoid unnecessary aggression in the future. By four months, all vaccinations should be given to the puppy.

Briard Training

These amazing dogs are able to quickly learn new skills and teams, owners say. Briard is a very curious dog. The dog’s incredible mind does not allow her to run away from home, leaving the owner alone. It can easily be left at a store or clinic, and the animal will not go anywhere. Briard puppies, according to the owners, can be trained almost immediately. Physical punishment is strictly prohibited. If you plan to punish an animal, then strict verbal disapproval will be enough. For observing the rules and following commands, the dog must be rewarded with a treat. It is best for the owner who plans to train the animal to purchase special bones in the pet shop in advance so that the encouraging moment does not harm the dog. It is not necessary to hire a special trainer in order to train the animal. Anyone who adheres to the rules of discipline can easily train their pet at home, the owners say.

Home Care

The most important component of grooming briar dogs is animal grooming. These dogs molt less often than everyone else, so the owner of this four-legged one does not have to clean carpets and furniture every time. But the hair of the animal requires constant care, and one procedure for refining the fur can take several hours. But the dog will always look great and will delight passers-by. If the owner does not plan to take the briar to the exhibition, then he can shorten the hair of the pet at his discretion. This will reduce the time of care by several times. It is better to take the dog to the hairdresser once every two months. And water procedures are carried out at least once a month. When keeping the briar, the owner should pay special attention to the eyes and ears of the four-legged pet. Regular care of these areas will help your pet avoid serious illnesses. Walking and vigorous activity must be present in the animal every day, otherwise the briar can become ill. Keeping this dog at home will require some effort from the owner. By nature, this is a very active animal, it does not like to sit in one place for a long time.

The main diet of the French Shepherd

Representatives of this breed are quite large physique, which means they eat a lot of food. Therefore, the owner needs to carefully select a diet for your pet. When feeding, it is worth considering the pet's lifestyle and physical activity. In the summer, the number of calories in the briar diet should be reduced. At this time, activity decreases, and it is likely that the animal will become obese.The quality of food can be judged by the dog’s coat.

If the owner noticed changes in behavior and in the appearance of the four-legged, it is better to show the pet to the veterinarian. Usually, the briar kennels, before passing the puppy to the new owner, introduce him in detail to the rules of feeding this breed. In the modern world there is a huge amount of feed and products that are available to absolutely everyone. Therefore, the owner of this magnificent dog always has a choice of what to cook for his beloved pet. A healthy diet should include only healthy foods:

  • Meat.
  • The fish.
  • Dairy.
  • Vegetables and fruits.
  • Cereals.
  • The eggs.
  • Nuts and seeds.
  • Bread.
  • Vegetable oils.

It is strictly forbidden to give the dog sugar, garlic or onions, tubular bones, sausages, chocolate.

Health and Disease

Briard is a breed of dog that is susceptible to various diseases, so proper care of an attentive owner will help the pet to maintain health for many years. The first thing that the owner should pay attention to is the coat of the pet. If a failure occurs in the body of the briar, the hair of the pet may fall out and become dull. Therefore, having suspected something was amiss, the owner should immediately show the dog to the doctor.

The following diseases are most common in this breed of dog:

  • Lymphosarcoma.
  • Hypotheriosis.
  • Epilepsy.
  • Volvulus.
  • Hip dysplasia.
  • Night blindness.

Another important problem of briars are parasites. Due to the voluminous amount of wool, it is not so easy to detect. Therefore, the owner needs to conduct a routine inspection of the animal.

How many french shepherds live?

With proper care, the briar (the origin of the breed was discussed above) can live 10-12 years. Often, for all years of life, the briar has practically no health problems, however, it is worth noting that due to non-compliance with the nutritional rules, some animals die from intestinal inversion. Dogs over 5 years old are at risk. The life of a pet completely depends on the care of the owner, who must take the necessary measures in a dangerous situation.

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