Campelia is an exotic beauty from Mexico and Brazil. She, like Callisia, belongs to the Commelinaceae family. The named plants are not only similar in appearance, but also require the same care. Very valuable is the decorative variety 'Mexican Flag' ('Mexican flag') with beautiful white-green striped leaves with a reddish border.
This variety of campelia is sometimes mistakenly referred to as the white-fronted dichorisapdra (Dichorisandra albolineata), which has similar in shape and also striped leaves and which also belongs to the family of commelinaceous.
Campelia is a plant with erect, fleshy and knotty stems and with regular wide elliptic pointed leaves. Campelia leaves are larger than tradescantia leaves. In the original species, the leaves are bright green, with a narrow purple border and a middle groove, along which water flows very quickly from the smooth shiny surface of the leaf. The closer to the top of the stem, the leaves are closer, and at the very end of the stem they are collected in a rosette resembling a rosette of dracaena leaves. Campelia is very unpretentious, although under adverse conditions, delicate leaves quickly age and dry, which spoils the appearance of the plant.
More often than not, the zanonium campaign is more common in greenhouses than in rooms. In the humid atmosphere of the greenhouse, the campelia grows, and on the stems, in places of their contact with the soil, adventitious roots quickly form. Small, stirrup petals, Campelia flowers are not the most beautiful, but elegant.
Since the campelia is shade-tolerant and tolerates temperature extremes and smoke from cigarettes, it can perfectly decorate administrative premises.
Usually the stems reach 1 m in height, low decorative specimens with highly branched stems are more decorative. With proper care, the stems grow annually a few centimeters in length. Too tall plants trim the tops.
The plant feels good in room conditions, but the old specimens are not as beautiful as the young ones, it is recommended that the plant be hollowed out to rejuvenate pruning or replace the old one with a younger one.
Campelia can be grown as a solitary plant, but it looks much better in compositions with other plants. It can be various ferns, arrowroot, ficus, philodendron, etc.
In old specimens, panicle inflorescences appear in the axils of leaves on strong long peduncles. Flowers with white with purple shimmer petals. Faded inflorescences cut off.
It is desirable when growing bright, but diffused light. Direct sunlight on leaves contributes to the yellowing of old leaves and the appearance of a purple color in young. With a lack of light, the stems stretch out, become weak and break easily, and the plant itself is more easily affected by diseases and pests. It is best to keep the campelia on window sills or on the floor near the balcony. It grows well in bright kitchens and bathrooms.
Unlike tradescantia, it is better to keep the campelia in a warm room with a temperature of 20-23 C. If the air temperature rises, it is necessary to increase its humidity. The minimum temperature for keeping the plant in the winter is 18 ° C. A slightly acidic, rich in nutrients and humus, mixed with sand light soil is best suited for the campelia. A layer of crushed crushed stone is laid as drainage on the bottom of the flower pot.
Watering and feeding
Land in a flower pot, especially during periods of intensive growth, should be constantly moderately moist. A lack of water leads to premature drying of the lower leaves, and too much watering can cause root decay and often leads to the death of the plant. In winter, watering is limited, making sure that the surface of the earth in the pot dries by the next watering. Campelia grows better in a humid atmosphere. Do not put a pot of plants near the radiators of the heating system and heating appliances. Leaves are recommended to spray more often with warm soft water. Hard water will leave gray spots on them.
They begin to feed in the spring, using a solution of complex mineral fertilizers. They usually feed once a month or less. Organic fertilizers have a positive effect on plant growth, especially on the appearance of the leaves. In August, feeding is stopped. With an excess of nitrogen in the soil, the plant becomes less resistant to disease.
Transplanted in the spring, provided that the flower pot becomes small plant. The new pot should be slightly larger in size. When transplanting, the planted plant is a little deeper than it previously grew, so that the leafless lower parts of the stems are covered with fresh soil.
Propagated by cuttings, which are well rooted in clean water or in moist, light soil. Cuttings can be rooted year round, but winter is the best time for grafting. Rooted cuttings are planted in small flower pots, and the tops of the shoots, so that they branch better, pinch. For propagation, stems cut during the rejuvenation of the plant are also used.
The stems are stretched, the leaves turn pale - there is little light. Move the plant to a brighter place, cut off the too elongated tops of the shoots. Young leaves in the light will initially be purple, but then green leaves will appear.
The tops of the leaves dry out, the leaves acquire a purple hue, but they appear yellow and brown spots - too bright lighting and irregular watering. Protect the plant from sunlight in hot weather and prevent the root coma from drying out.
The lower leaves turn yellow, the base of the stem rots - waterlogging of the soil and low temperature. Stop watering. Transplant the plant into fresh soil. Protect it from drafts.
The leaves turn yellow, a delicate spider web appears on their underside - a spider web. Cut off the affected shoots, except for short (3 knots) bases, and wait for the emergence of new shoots.
Small green insects appeared on the tops of the shoots, the leaves wrinkle - aphids. Rinse off the pests with a stream of water or treat the plant with an insecticide.
Lighting and temperature
The bright and diffused light for the campelia is due to the nature of its origin. The more variegated the leaves, the more light the plant needs. The lack and excess of light will affect not only the color of the leaves, but also the fragility of the stems. The penumbra campelia will also take calmly, adapt.
The room temperature for the normal development of the campelia is sufficient at 23 ° C in the summer, it is warmer than for tradescantia, and not lower than 18 ° C in the winter.
Watering and humidity
Watering twice a week in summer is sufficient for the campelia; it is important to monitor the humidity of the earth coma. In winter, it is normal to reduce watering to once a week. In winter, slight drying of the soil surface is acceptable.
Dry air is easily tolerated by the campaign, but it is also pleasing to spraying pallets with wet expanded clay. For watering and spraying take soft well-defended water.
It is better to choose a place away from heating appliances. The higher the humidity, the better the campaign will grow.
Soil and transplant
As necessary, the campelia is transplanted, approximately every two years in the spring, when the pot becomes small. When immersed, the plants are monitored so that the bare shoots are buried.
Kampelia shows a slightly acidic soil, light and nutritious. The composition of the mixture is:
At the bottom of the tank, drainage is mandatory.
Feeding and trimming
Campelia rejuvenation is carried out in spring by pruning, leaving 3-4 knots from the soil surface.
Liquid fertilizers are given to the campelia all spring and summer once a month. Organic fertilizers are well absorbed. It is recommended to take fertilizers with a lack of nitrogen. Its excess leads to diseases of the campelia.
For propagation of the campelia, apical cuttings up to 10 cm long are prepared. They are placed in peat and moss soil or simply in water for rooting. In order to get a lush bush, several cuttings are planted in one pot and periodically pinched. Campelia is well rooted throughout the year, but the best time for it is winter.
Campelia (lat. Campelia) - an ornamental indoor plant, native to Mexico and Brazil.
Plant from natural habitats, it prefers tropical and subtropical forests, wetlands, shady areas. It stands out with exotic white-green leaves with a red border around the edges.
Its leaves are largerthan other representatives of its kind, erect, sharp. Bright green with a groove in the center and a purple stroke at the edges.
Their surface is smooth and shiny, so when watering and spraying water does not linger on them and easily rolls.
Long stems, can reach up to 1 m. In appearance, the campaign can easily be confused with tradescantia. And a distinctive feature of the plant are the leaves. They are collected in sockets, and the flowers are three-petalled baskets.
At home, look after the view campania zanonia (lat. Campelia zanonia). It differs in its inflorescences, which make up white small flowers with scaphoid bracts. The inflorescence itself is weakly branched.
Plant possesses strong sessile leaves that form the trunk tube. A pink border with thick cilia is located on the edges. In length reach 25 cm, width - up to 6 cm, sharp at the edges, back-lanceolate.
The stalks zanonia campeliae are large, like the plant itself, upright, with weak branching, reaching a height of 2 m. The nodes are characterized by characteristic bulges.
Temperature and Light
Illumination for campelia is less important than temperature. Although it is less demanding on temperature than other members of the family.
If you manage to arrange tropical temperature conditions, the plant will thank the lush foliage and healthy appearance.
Temperature the corridor can range from +22 to +25 ° C. At the same time, drafts and location upon leaving the premises will bring minimum discomfort to the campelia.
Illumination can be maintained with fluorescent lights or placed at a diffuse light source.
Humidity and watering
Humidity it is necessary to maintain a high level, if possible - 60-80%. This is beneficial for others who are indoors and on plants.
To water the campaign should be so that the soil always remains moist, but of course, protect the plant from waterlogging and stagnation of water. To do this, take care of drainage or use pots with an automatic watering system, where the issue of humidity has already been decided by engineers.
Soil and fertilizer
The soil it can be anything for a campelia if it has the characteristics of good water permeability and has a neutral or slightly acidic environment. In the best case, it can be horse peat with the addition of perlite and sand.
Fertilize the campaign can be in a period of active growth from mid-spring to autumn. Frequency - once every two weeks. Dosage - recommended by the manufacturer. Fertilizers can be chosen universal organic.
Transplanted Campaign every year, in the spring. The plant grows very quickly and he needs this procedure.
Pots Choose wide and low. The main condition is good drainage. For transplantation, use azalea soil or make a mixture:
- high peat (2 parts),
- sand (1 part),
- sheet land (1 part),
- perlite (0.5 parts).
Diseases and Pests
Campelia rarely affected by pests. Of the diseases, root rot can occur, which naturally occurs when water stagnates in a pot. Prevention of this may be the use of a good drainage system in the tank.
Of pests a spider mite or scab may appear. Their activation can provoke too low humidity. Prevention is to maintain humidity at the proper level. If a foci of infection are found, folk remedies or insecticides can be used to protect the plant.